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THE MATHS DOCTOR

PURE MATHEMATICS UNIT 1

WORKSHEET 1

1. f ( x) = 2 x 3 + 5 x 2 + px + q. When f ( x ) is divided by ( x + 2) the remainder is -10. One root of

1
.
the equation f ( x ) = 0 is 2
(a) Find the values of p and q.
(b) Factorize f ( x ) and hence state the number of real roots of the equation f ( x ) = 0.
2. ( x + 1) and ( x - 2) are factors of x 4 + px 3 + qx 2 - 16 x - 12.
(a) Find the values of p and q.
(b) Hence solve the equation x + px + qx - 16 x - 12 = 0.
4 3 2

-x
3. (a) Solve the equation e - 4e - 3 = 0.
x

log 2 x - 2 log x 2 = 1.
(c) Find the values of x for which

x- y x+ y
+
4. (a) Simplify
x+ y x- y

18 - 1
(c) Simplify 2 + 3

log x 5.
(d) Given that x = 5 , find the value of
3

5. The functions f and g are defined on by f : x a x - x, g : x a 2 x - 3 . Determine the


2

value(s) of x for which

(a) f ( x) + g (2 x) = 7

-1
(b) g ( x) = -2

4x + 1 2
f :xa x , x . -1
6. A function is defined by 3 x - 2 for any 3 Express f in a similar form and
find the value of
-1
(a) f (2)

1
ff
(b) 2

-1
(c) ff (4)

7. Solve the equations

(a) 3 - 2(3 ) = 3, for real x.


2x x

2 x +1
(b) 2 = 34- x

(c) 4 - 13(2 ) + 40 = 0
x x

8. Solve the simultaneous equations

3 p = 9(27)q
log 2 7 - log 2 (11q - 2 p ) = 1

9. (a) Find constants p, q and r such that 2 y - 9 y + 14 p ( y - 1)( y - 2) + q( y - 1) + r


2

1
x2 + 5x - = ( x + a ) 2 + b.
(c) Find real numbers a and b such that 4

10. (a) The quadratic equation x = px + 24 = 0, p has roots a and b .


2

(i) Express in terms of p

(a) a + b

(b) a + b .
2 2

Given that a + b = 33, find the possible values of p.


2 2
(ii)

(b) The function f has property such that

f (2 x + 3) = 2 f ( x)+ 3, x
If f (0) = 6, find the value of

(i) f (3)

(ii) f (9)

(iii) f (-3).