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## Sets, Relations and Functions

QUICK REVIEW
Sets
Set is a collection of well-defined objects which are distinct (d) ( A - B ) B = A B
from each other. (e) ( A - B ) B = f
Operation on Sets (f) A B A and A B B
(i) Union of sets A B = { x : x A or x B} (g) A ( A B ) = A
(h) A ( A B ) = A
(ii) Intersection of sets A B = { x : x A and x B}
(viii) (a) ( A - B ) ( B - A ) = ( A B ) - ( A B )
(iii) Difference of sets A - B = { x : x A , x B} (b) A ( B - C ) = ( A B ) - ( A C )
(iv) Symmetric difference ADB = ( A - B ) ( B - A ) (c) A ( BDC ) = ( A B ) D ( A C )
(v) Complement of a set A = U - A (d) ( A B ) ( A - B ) = A
(e) A ( B - A ) = ( A B )
Laws of Algebra of Sets
(ix) (a) U = f (b) f =U
For three sets A, B and C (c) ( A ) = A (d) A A = f
(i) Idempotent law (e) A A = U (f) A B B A
(a) A A = A (b) A A = A
Results on Number of Elements in Sets
(ii) Identity law
(a) A f = A (b) A U = A (i) n( A B ) = n( A ) + ( B ) - n( A B )
(iii) Commutative law (ii) n( A B ) = n( A ) + n( B ), if A and B are disjoint.
(a) A B = B A (b) A B = B A (iii) n( A - B ) = n( A ) - n( A B )
(iv) Associative law (iv) n( ADB ) = n( A ) + n( B ) - 2n ( A B )
(a) ( A B ) C = A ( B C ) (v) n( A B C ) = n( A ) + n( B ) + n(C )
(b) A ( B C ) = ( A B ) C - n( A B ) - n( B C ) - n( A C ) + n( A B C )
(v) Distributive law (vi) n (number of elements in exactly two of the sets
(a) A ( B C ) = ( A B ) ( A C ) A, B, C )
(b) A ( B C ) = ( A B ) ( A C ) = n( A B ) + n( B C ) + n(C A ) -3n( A B C )
(vi) De-Morgans law (vii) n (number of elements in exactly one of the sets
(a) ( A B ) = A B A, B, C )
(b) ( A B ) = A B = n( A ) + n( B ) + n(C ) - 2n( A B )
(c) A - ( B C ) = ( A - B ) ( A - C ) - 2n( B C ) - 2n( A C ) + 3n( A B C )
(d) A - ( B C ) = ( A - B ) ( A - C ) (viii) n( A B ) = n( A B ) = n(U ) - n( A B )
(vii) (a) A - B = A B (ix) n( A B ) = n( A B ) = n(U ) - n( A B )
(b) B - A = B A (x) n( B - A ) = n( B ) - n( A B )
(c) A - B = A A B = f
2 | Chapterwise & Topicwise Engineering Entrances Solved Papers

Cartesian Product
Cartesian product of two sets A and B is (v) Transitive relation A relation R is said to be
A B = {( a, b ) : a A , b B} transitive relation, iff
( a, b ) R and ( b, c ) R
Properties of Cartesian Product
( a, c ) R, " a, b, c A
For three sets A, B and C
(i) n( A B ) = n( A ) n( B ) (vi) Equivalence relation A relation R is said to be an
equivalence relation, if it is simultaneously reflexive,
(ii) A B = f , if either A or B is an empty set.
symmetric and transitive on A.
(iii) A ( B C ) = ( A B ) ( A C )
(vii) Inverse relation If R is a relation from A to B such
(iv) A ( B C ) = ( A B ) ( A C ) that R = {( a, b ) : a A , b B}, then the inverse of R i.e.
(v) A ( B - C ) = ( A B ) - ( A C ) R -1 = {( b, a ): a, b R}.
(vi) ( A B ) (C D ) = ( A C ) ( B D )
(vii) If A B and C D, then ( A C ) ( B D ) Some Important Results on Relation
(viii) If A B, then A A ( A B ) ( B A ) (i) If set A has n elements, then number of reflexive
2
(ix) A B = B A A = B relations from A to A is 2n - n .
(x) If A and B are any two non-empty sets having (ii) Let A and B be two non-empty finite sets consisting of
n elements in common, then A B and B A have m and n elements, respectively. Then, A B consists of
n 2 elements in common. mn ordered pairs. So, total number of relations from A
(xi) If A B, then A B B A to B is 2nm .
(xii) If A = B, then A B = B A
(xiii) If A B, then A C = B C for any set C.
Mapping (Function)
Let A and B be two non-empty sets, then a function f from
Relation set A to set B is a rule which associates each element of A to a
unique element of B. It is represented as f : A B and
If A and B are two non-empty sets, then a relation R from A to
function is also called mapping.
B is a subset of A B.
Range of a real function, f is a set of values f ( x ) which it
If R A B and ( a, b ) R, then we say that a is related to b
attains on the points of its domain.
by the relation R, written as aRb.
Types of Mapping (Function)
Domain and Range of Relation
(i) One-one function The mapping f : A B is called
Let R be a relation from set A to set B defined as
one-one function, if different elements in A have
R = {( a, b ) : a A , b B} different images in B. Such a mapping is known as
Then, domain of R = {a : ( a, b ) R} injective function or an injection.
and range of R = {b : ( a, b ) R} (ii) Many-one function The function f : A B is called
many-one function, if two or more than two different
Types of Relation
elements in A have the same image in B.
(i) Identity relation The relation IA = {( a, a ) : a A} is
(iii) Onto (surjective) function If the function f : A B
called the identity relation on A. is such that each element in B (codomain) is the image
(ii) Reflexive relation A relation R is said to be reflexive of atleast one element of A, then we say that f is a
relation, if every element of A is related to itself. function of A onto B. Thus, f : A B, such that
Thus, ( a, a ) R, " a A R is reflexive. f ( A ) = B.
(iii) Symmetric relation A relation R is said to be i.e. Range = Codomain
symmetric relation, iff Note Every polynomial function f : R R of degree
( a, b ) R ( b, a ) R , " a, b A odd is onto.
i.e. aRb bRa, " a, b A R is symmetric. (iv) Into function If f : A B is such that there exists
atleast one element in codomain which is not the image
(iv) Anti-symmetric relation A relation R is said to be of any element in domain, then f ( x ) is into.
anti-symmetric relation, iff Thus, f : A B, such that f ( A ) B
(a, b) R and (b, a) R a = b, " a, b A
i.e. Range Codomain
i.e. a R b b R A, " a, b A
Sets, Relations and Functions |3
Even and Odd Functions
(i) Even functions A real function f ( x ) is an even (iii) Modulus function (absolute value) Modulus
function, if f ( -x ) = f ( x ). function is given by y = f ( x ) = | x | , where | x | denotes
(ii) Odd functions A real function f ( x ) is an odd the absolute value of x.
x, if x 0
function, if f ( -x ) = - f ( x ). i.e. |x |=
-x, if x < 0
Periodic Functions
Domain of f ( x ) = R
A function f ( x )is said to be a periodic function of x, provided
there exists a real number T > 0, such that Range of f ( x ) = [ 0, )
(iv) Signum function Signum function is defined as
F (T + x ) = f ( x ), " x R
|x | x
, if x 0 or , if x 0
The smallest positive real number T, satisfying the above y = f (x ) = x |x |
condition is known as the period or the fundamental period of 0, if x = 0 0, if x = 0
f (x ) .
Domain of sgn ( x ) = R
Inverse of a Function Range of sgn ( x ) = {-1, 0, 1}
Let f : A B be a bijective function, i.e. it is one-one and (v) Greatest integer function The greatest integer
onto function.
function is defined as
We define g : B A, such that f ( x ) = y g ( y ) = x, g is y = f ( x ) = [ x]
called inverse of f and vice-versa. Symbolically, we write where, [ x] represents the greatest integer less than or
g = f -1 . equal to x i.e. for any integer n,
Thus, f ( x ) = y f -1 ( y ) = x [ x] = n,if n x < n + 1
Domain of f ( x ) = R, Range of f ( x ) = I
Composite Functions (Function of Function)
(vi) Least integer function The least integer function
Let f : A B and g : B C be two functions. which is greater than or equal to x. It is denoted by ( x ).
We define gof : A C, such that In general, if n is an integer and x is any real number
gof ( x ) = g[ f ( x )], " x A between n and ( n + 1).
i.e. n < x n + 1, then ( x ) = n + 1
Types of Real Function \ f (x ) = (x )
(i) Identity function The function that associates to Domain of f = R
each real number x for the same number x, is called the
Range of f = I
identity function.
(vii) Fractional part function It is denoted as f ( x ) = { x}
i.e. y = f ( x ) = x, " x R
and defined as
Domain of f ( x ) = R
(a) {x} = f , if x = n + f , where n I and 0 f < 1
Range of f ( x ) = R (b) {x} = x - [ x]
(ii) Logarithmic function A logarithmic function may (c) {x} = x, if 0 x < 1
be given by y = f ( x ) = log a x, where a > 0, a 1 and (d) {x} = 0, if x I
x > 0. (e) {-x} = 1 - {x}, if x I
Topic 1
Types of Sets, Operations and Cartesian Products
2014 2013
n
1. If X = {4 - 3n - 1: n N } and Y = { 9 ( n - 1) : n N }, 9. If A = {( x, y ) : y = e - x }and B = {( x, y ) : y = - x}. Then,
where N is the set of natural numbers, then X Y is equal (a) A B = f (b) A B [BITSAT]
to [JEE Mains] (c) B A (d) A B = {( 0, 1), ( 0, 0)}
(a) N (b) Y - X (c) X (d) Y
2. The total number of subsets of a finite set A has 56 more
2012
elements than the total number of subsets of another finite 10. There are 100 students in a class. In the examination, 50 of
set B. What is the number of elements in the set A? them failed in Mathematics, 45 failed in Physics, 40 failed
in Biology and 32 failed in exactly two of the three
(a) 5 (b) 6 [BITSAT]
subjects. Only one student passed in all the subjects. Then,
(c) 7 (d) 8
the number of students failing in all the three subjects
3. In a class of 60 students, if 25 students play cricket,
(a) is 12 [WB JEE]
20 students play tennis and 10 students play both the
(b) is 4
games, then the number of students who play neither is
(c) is 2
(a) 45 (b) 0 [KCET]
(d) Cannot be determined
(c) 25 (d) 35
11. Out of 64 students, the number of students taking
4. The set A = { x : | 2x + 3 | < 7}is equal to the set [KCET] Mathematics is 45 and number of students taking both
(a) D = { x : 0 < x + 5 < 7} (b) B = { x : - 3 < x < 7} Mathematics and Biology is 10. Then, the number of
(c) E = { x : - 7 < x < 7} (d) C = { x : - 13 < 2x < 4} students taking only Biology is [OJEE]
5. The number of students who take both the subjects (a) 18 (b) 19
Mathematics and Chemistry is 30. This represents 10% of (c) 20 (d) None of these
the enrolment in Mathematics and 12% of the enrolment in 12. If A = {4 n - 3n - 1: n N }and B = {9( n - 1) : n N }, then
Chemistry. How many students take atleast one of these
two subjects? [Kerala CEE] (a) B A (b) A B = N [AMU]

(a) 520 (b) 490 (c) 560 (c) A B (d) None of these
(d) 480 (e) 540 2011
6. There is a group of 265 persons who like either singing or 13. If P = {q :sin q - cos q = 2 cos q} and
dancing or painting. In this group, 200 like singing,
Q = {q :sin q + cos q = 2 sin q} are two sets. Then,
110 like dancing and 55 like painting. If 60 persons like
both singing and dancing, 30 like both singing and painting (a) P Q and Q - P f [IIT JEE]
and 10 like all three activities, then the number of persons (b) Q P
who like only dancing and painting is [WB JEE] (c) P Q
(a) 10 (b) 20 (c) 30 (d) 40 (d) P = Q
7. If the number of elements of the sets A and B are p and q, 14. The set A = { x : x R , x 2 = 16 and 2 x = 6 }is equal to
respectively. Then, the number of relations from the set A (a) f (b) {14, 3, 4} [BITSAT]
to the set B is [WB JEE]
(c) {3} (d) {4}
p+q pq
(a) 2 (b) 2 (c) p + q (d) pq 15. If A and B are two sets, then ( A B ) ( A B ) is equal
1 to [GGSIPU]
8. If X n = z = x + iy : | z |2 for all integers n 1.
n (a) A (b) A

(c) B (d) None of these
Then, I X n is [WB JEE]
16. If A = {1, 2}, B = {{1}, {2}}, C = {{1, 2}}. Then, which of the
n=1
(a) a singleton set following relation is correct? [J&K CET]
(b) not a finite set (a) A = B (b) B C
(c) an empty set (c) A C (d) A C
(d) a finite set with more than one element
Sets, Relations and Functions |5
2010
17. If S = {1, 2, 3, 4}, then the total number of unordered pairs 26. In a certain town, 25% families own a cell phone,
of disjoint subsets of S is [IIT JEE] 15% families own a scooter and 65% families own neither
(a) 25 (b) 34 (c) 42 (d) 41 a cell phone nor a scooter. If 1500 families own both a cell
phone and a scooter, then the total number of families in the
18. The shaded region in the figure represents [Kerala CEE] town is [Kerala CEE]
U (a) 10000 (b) 20000 (c) 30000
(d) 40000 (e) 50000
A B
27. Three sets A , B and C are such that A = B C and
B = C A, then [WB JEE]
(a) A B (b) A B (c) A = B (d) A B
(a) A B (b) A B 28. A survey shows that 63% of the Americans like cheese
(c) B - A (d) A - B whereas 76% like apples. If x % of the Americans like both
(e) ( A - B ) ( B - A ) cheese and apples, then [UPSEE]
(a) x = 39 (b) x = 63
2009 (c) 39 x 63 (d) None of these
19. If A , B and C are three sets such that A B = A C and
29. If A = {a, b, c}, B = {b, c, d} and C = {a, d , c}, then
A B = A C, then [AIEEE]
( A - B ) ( B C ) is equal to [Jamia Millia Islamia]
(a) A = C (b) B = C
(a) {( a, c ), ( a, d )} (b) {( a, b ), ( c, d )}
(c) A B = f (d) A = B
(c) {( c, a ), ( d , a )} (d) {( a, c ), ( a, d ), ( b, d )}
20. Two finite sets A and B have m and n elements,
30. If A = {1, 2, 3}, B = {3, 4} and C = {4, 5, 6}, then
respectively. If the total number of subsets of A is 112 more
than the total number of subsets of B, then the value of mis A ( B C ) is equal to [OJEE]

## (a) 7 (b) 9 (c) 10 [Kerala CEE] (a) {1, 2} (b) {f}

(d) 12 (e) 13 (c) {4, 5} (d) {1, 2, 3, 4}
21. For any two sets A and B, if A X = B X = f and 31. If n( A )denotes the number of elements in the set A and if
n( A ) = 4, n( B ) = 5 and n( A B ) = 3, then
A X = B X for some set X , then [AMU]
n [( A B ) ( B A )] is equal to [J&K CET]
(a) A - B = A B
(a) 8 (b) 9 (c) 10 (d) 11
(b) A = B
(c) B - A = A B 2007
(d) None of the above 32. The value of ( A B C ) ( A B c C c ) c C c is
2x -1 (a) B C c (b) B c C c
22. x R : 3 R is equal to [EAMCET] [BITSAT]
2
x + 4x + 3x (c) B C (d) A B C
(a) R - {0} (b) R - {0, 1, 3} 33. If Z denotes the set of all integers and
1 A = {( a, b ) : a 2 + 3b 2 = 28, a, b Z} and
(c) R - {0, - 1, - 3} (d) R - 0, - 1, - 3,
2 B = {( a, b ) : a > b, a, b Z}. Then, the number of
23. If S is a set with 10 elements and elements in A B is [Kerala CEE]
A = {( x, y ) : x, y S , x y}, then the number of elements (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 4
in A is [J&K CET] (d) 5 (e) 6
(a) 100 (b) 90 (c) 50 (d) 45 34. Which of the following is correct? [OJEE]
24. For any two sets A and B, A - ( A - B ) is equal to (a) A f = A (b) A f = f
(a) B (b) A - B [BCECE] (c) A f = U (d) A f = A
(c) A B (d) A C B C 35. If sets A and B are defined as
1
2008 A = ( x, y ) : y = , 0 x R
x
25. If A and B are two sets, then ( A B ) ( A B ) is equal
and B = {( x, y ) : y = - x, x R}, then [Guj CET]
to [BITSAT]
(a) A B = A (b) A B = B
(a) A (b) A
(c) A B = f (d) None of these
(c) B (d) None of these
6 | Chapterwise & Topicwise Engineering Entrances Solved Papers

2006 2005
5 4
36. Universal set, U = { x : x - 6x + 11x - 6x = 0},3 2
41. If n( A ) = 4, n( B ) = 3 and n( A B C ) = 24, then n(C ) is
2 2
A = { x : x - 5x + 6 = 0} and B = { x : x - 3x + 2 = 0}. equal to [Kerala CEE]
(a) 288 (b) 1 (c) 12
Then, ( A B ) is equal to [BITSAT]
(d) 17 (e) 2
(a) {1, 3} (b) {1, 2, 3}
(c) {0, 1, 3} (d) {0, 1, 2, 3} 42. The number of elements in the set
{( a, b ) : 2a 2 + 3b 2 = 35, a, b Z}, where Z is the set of all
37. If A = {1, 2, 3, 4} and B = {2, 4, 6}. Then, the number of
integers, is [Kerala CEE]
set C such that A B C A B is [Kerala CEE]
(a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 8
(a) 6 (b) 9 (c) 8
(d) 12 (e) 16
(d) 10 (e) 12
43. {n( n + 1)( 2n + 1) : n Z}is a subset of [EAMCET]
38. If X and Y are the sets of all positive divisors of 400 and
1000, respectively (including 1 and the number). Then, (a) {6 k : k Z }
n( X Y ) is equal to [Kerala CEE] (b) {12 k : k Z }
(a) 4 (b) 6 (c) 8 (c) {18 k : k Z }
(d) 10 (e) 12 (d) {24 k : k Z }
39. If A = { x, y}, then the power set of A is 44. In a class of 30 pupils, 12 take Chemistry, 16 take Physics
and 18 take History. If all the 30 students take atleast one
(a) {x y , y x } [UPSEE, Guj CET] subject and no one take all three, then the number of pupils
(b) {f, x, y} taking 2 subjects is
(c) {f,{x}, {2 y}} (a) 16 (b) 6 [J&K CET]
(d) {f, {x}, { y}, {x, y}} (c) 8 (d) 20
40. If A = { x : x is a multiple of 3} and 45. If A B , then B A is equal to [BCECE]
B = { x : x is a multiple of 5}. Then, A B is given by
(a) B A (b) A
(a) {3, 6, 9, } (b) {5, 10, 15, 20,} [AMU] (c) B (d) None of these
(c) {15, 30, 45, } (d) None of these

Topic 2
Relation and Equivalence Relation
2014
1. If R = {( 3, 3), ( 6, 6), ( 9, 9), (12, 12), ( 6, 12), ( 3, 9), 3. For any two real numbers q and f, we define qRf , if and
( 3, 12), ( 3, 6)}is a relation on the set A = {3, 6, 9, 12}. Then, only ifsec 2 q - tan 2 f = 1. The relation R is [WB JEE]
the relation is [BITSAT] (a) reflexive but not transitive
(a) an equivalence relation (b) symmetric but not reflexive
(b) reflexive and symmetric (c) both reflexive and symmetric but not transitive
(c) reflexive and transitive (d) an equivalence relation
(d) only reflexive
2. If S is the set of all real numbers. A relation R has been
2013
defined on S by aRb | a - b | 1, then R is [KCET] 4. If Z is the set of integers. Then, the relation
(a) symmetric and transitive but not reflexive R = {( a, b ) : 1 + ab > 0} on Z is [AMU]

(b) reflexive and transitive but not symmetric (a) reflexive and transitive but not symmetric
(c) reflexive and symmetric but not transitive (b) symmetric and transitive but not reflexive
(d) an equivalence relation (c) reflexive and symmetric but not transitive
(d) an equivalence relation
Sets, Relations and Functions |7
2012
5. If R is a relation on the set N , defined by (a) R and S are transitive implies R S is transitive
{( x, y ) : 2 x - y = 10}, then R is [AMU] (b) R and S are transitive implies R S is transitive
(a) reflexive (b) symmetric (c) R and S are symmetric implies R S is symmetric
(c) transitive (d) None of these (d) R and S are reflexive implies R S is reflexive
11. If r is a relation from R (set of real numbers) to R defined
2011 by r = {( a, b ) | a, b R and a - b + 3 is an irrational
6. If R is the set of real numbers.Then, number}.Then, the relation r is [AMU]
Statement I A = {( x, y ) R R : y - x is an integer}
(a) an equivalence relation
is an equivalence relation on R. (b) only reflexive
Statement II B = {( x, y ) R R : x = ay for some (c) only symmetric
rational number a} is an equivalence relation on R. (d) only transitive
[AIEEE]
12. If a relation R on the set N of natural numbers is defined as
(a) Statement I is correct, Statement II is correct;
( x, y ) x 2 - 4xy + 3 y 2 = 0, " x, y N . Then, the
Statement II is not a correct explanation for
Statement I relation R is [AMU]
(b) Statement I is correct, Statement II is incorrect (a) reflexive (b) symmetric
(c) Statement I is incorrect, Statement II is correct (c) transitive (d) an equivalence relation
(d) Statement I is correct, Statement II is correct;
Statement II is a correct explanation for Statement I 2008
7. If A and B are two equivalence relations defined on set C, 13. If R is the real line. Consider the following subsets of the
then [UPSEE] plane R R
(a) A B is an equivalence relation S = {( x, y ) : y = x + 1and 0 < x < 2}
(b) A B is not an equivalence relation T = {( x, y ) : x - y is an integer}
(c) A B is an equivalence relation Which one of the following is correct? [AIEEE]
(d) A B is not an equivalence relation (a) T is an equivalence relation on R but S is not
2010 (b) Neither S nor T is an equivalence relation on R
(c) Both S and T are an equivalence relations on R
8. Consider the relations R = {( x, y ) | x, y are real numbers
(d) S is an equivalence relation on R but T is not
and x = wy for some rational number w},
14. If R is a relation defined as aRb, iff | a - b | > 0, then the
m p
S = , m, n, p and q are integers such that n, q 0 relation is [VITEEE]
n q (a) reflexive (b) symmetric
and qm = pn}. Then, [AIEEE] (c) transitive (d) symmetric and transitive
(a) R is an equivalence relation but S is not an 15. R is a relation on N given by R = {( x, y ) : 4x + 3 y = 20}.
equivalence relation
(b) neither R nor S is an equivalence relation Which of the following belongs to R? [KCET]
(c) S is an equivalence relation but R is not an (a) ( 4, 12) (b) (5, 0) (c) (3, 4) (d) (2, 4)
equivalence relation 16. If A = {1, 2, 3}and B = {2, 3, 4}, then which of the following
(d) R and S both are equivalence relations relations is a function from A to B? [WB JEE]
9. If A = {x, y, z}and B = {a, b, c, d}. Then, which one of the (a) {(1, 2), (2, 3), (3, 4), (2, 2)}
following is not a relation from A to B? [Kerala CEE] (b) {(1, 2), (2, 3), (1, 3)}
(a) {( x, a ), ( x, c )} (b) {( y, c ), ( y, d )} (c) {(1, 3), (2, 3), (3, 3)}
(c) {( z , a ), ( z , d )} (d) {( z , b ), ( y, b ), ( a, d )} (d) {(1, 1), (2, 3), (3, 4)}
(e) {( x, c )} 17. If R is a relation from {11, 12, 13} to {8, 10, 12} defined by
2009 y = x - 3.Then, R -1 is equal to [Jamia Millia Islamia]
(a) {(8, 11), (10, 13)} (b) {(11, 18), (13, 10)}
10. If R and S are two non-void relations on a set A.Then,
which of the following statements is incorrect? [VITEEE] (c) {(10, 13), (8, 11)} (d) None of these
8 | Chapterwise & Topicwise Engineering Entrances Solved Papers

2007 2006
18. On the set N of all natural numbers define the relation R by 23. If W denotes the words in the English dictionary define the
aRb, if and only if the GCD of a and b is 2, then R is relation R by R = {( x, y ) W W : the words x and y have
(a) reflexive but not symmetric [Kerala CEE] atleast one letter in common}. Then, R is [AIEEE]
(b) only symmetric (a) reflexive, symmetric and not transitive
(c) reflexive and transitive (b) reflexive, symmetric and transitive
(d) reflexive, symmetric and transitive (c) reflexive, not symmetric and transitive
(e) not reflexive, not symmetric and not transitive (d) not reflexive, symmetric and transitive
19. If R = {(1, 3), ( 4, 2), ( 2, 4 ), ( 2, 3), ( 3, 1)} is a relation on 24. Which of the following statements is not correct for the
the set A = {1, 2, 3, 4}. Then, relation R is relation R defined by aRb, if and only if b lives within one
[Jamia Millia Islamia] kilometre from a? [BITSAT]

## (a) a function (b) transitive (a) R is reflexive

(c) not symmetric (d) reflexive (b) R is symmetric
(c) R is anti-symmetric
20. If R = {( 3, 3), ( 6, 6), ( 9, 9), (12, 12), ( 6, 12), ( 3, 9), ( 3, 12)
(d) None of the above
(3, 6)} is a relation on the set A = {3, 6, 9, 12}. Then, the
relation is [OJEE]
25. If R is a relation on the set of integers given by
aRb a = 2k .b for some integer k. Then, R is
(a) reflexive and symmetric (b) an equivalence relation
(c) reflexive only (d) reflexive and transitive (a) an equivalence relation [Kerala CEE]

21. If R is an equivalence relation on a set A, then R is -1 (b) reflexive but not symmetric
(c) reflexive and transitive but not symmetric
(a) only reflexive [AMU]
(d) reflexive and symmetric but not transitive
(b) symmetric but not transitive
(e) symmetric and transitive but not reflexive
(c) equivalence
(d) None of the above 2005
22. The relation R defined on the set of natural numbers as 26. x 2 = xy is a relation which is [BITSAT]
{( a, b ) : a differs from b by 3} is given by [AMU]
(a) symmetric
(a) {(1, 4), (2, 5), (3, 6), } (b) reflexive and transitive
(b) {(4, 1), (5, 2), (6, 3), } (c) transitive
(c) {(1, 3), (2, 6), (3, 9), } (d) None of the above
(d) None of the above

Topic 3
Types of Mapping
2014
1. If f : N N is defined by 3. The function f ( x ) = x 2 + bx + c, where b and c are real
n +1 constants, describes [WB JEE]
, if n is odd
f (n ) = 2 . (a) one-one mapping
n / 2, if n is even (b) onto mapping
Then, f is [KCET]
(c) not one-one but onto mapping
(d) neither one-one nor onto mapping
(a) onto but not one-one
(b) one-one and onto 2012
(c) neither one-one nor onto 4. The function f :[ 0, 3] [1, 29], defined by
(d) one-one but not onto
f ( x ) = 2 x 3 - 15x 2 + 36x + 1, is [IIT JEE]
2. If A = {1, 3, 5, 7} and B = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8}, then the
(a) one-one and onto
number of one-one function from A into B is
(b) onto but not one-one
(a) 1340 (b) 1860 (c) 1430 [Kerala CEE]
(c) one-one but not onto
(d) 1880 (e) 1680 (d) neither one-one nor onto
Sets, Relations and Functions |9
5. The total number of injections (one-one and into mappings) 12. If R and C denote the set of real numbers and complex
from {a1 , a 2 , a 3 , a 4 } to {b1 , b2 , b3 , b4 , b5 , b6 , b7 } is numbers, respectively.Then, the function f : C R
(a) 400 (b) 420 [WB JEE] defined by f ( z ) = | z | is [AMU]
(c) 800 (d) 840 (a) one-one
(b) onto
2011 (c) bijective
6. The function f :[ 0, ) [ 0, ) defined by (d) neither one-one nor onto
2x
f (x ) = is 2008
1+ 2x [J&K CET]
13. If f : N N defined by f ( x ) = x 2 + x + 1, x N ,then f is
(a) one-one and onto
(b) one-one but not onto (a) one-one and onto [BITSAT]
(c) not one-one but onto (b) many-one and onto
(d) neither one-one nor onto (c) one-one but not onto
(d) None of the above
2010 14. Which one of the following functions is one-one?
7. If A = {1, 2, 3, 4} and B = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} are two sets and (a) f ( x ) = sin x, x [ -p, p ) [Kerala CEE]
function f : A B is defined by f ( x ) = x + 2, " x A, 3p p
then the function f is [WB JEE] (b) f ( x ) = sin x, x - , -
2 4
(a) bijective (b) onto (c) one-one (d) many-one
p p
(c) f ( x ) = cos x, x - ,
2009 2 2
8. For real x,if f ( x ) = x 3 + 5x + 1, then 3p
[AIEEE] (d) f ( x ) = cos x, x p,
(a) f is one-one but not onto R 2
(b) f is onto R but not one-one p p
(e) f ( x ) = cos x, x - ,
(c) f is one-one and onto R 4 4
(d) f is neither one-one nor onto R
15. A mapping f : n N , where N is the set of natural
9. If f ( x ) = ( x + 1) 2 - 1, x - 1 .Then,
n2 , for n odd
Statement I The set {x : f (x ) = f -1 (x )} = {0, - 1}. numbers is defined as f ( n ) =
Statement II f is a bijection. [AIEEE] 2 n + 1, for n even
(a) Statement I is correct, Statement II is correct; for n N . Then, f is [WB JEE]
Statement II is a correct explanation for Statement I (a) surjective but not injective
(b) Statement I is correct, Statement II is correct; (b) injective but not surjective
Statement II is not a correct explanation for (c) bijective
Statement I (d) neither injective nor surjective
(c) Statement I is correct, Statement II is incorrect
(d) Statement I is incorrect, Statement II is correct 16. The mapping f : N N given by f ( n ) = 1 + n 2 , n N ,
10. On the set of integers Z, define f : Z Z as where N is the set of natural numbers, is [WB JEE]

## n (a) one-one and onto

, n is even.
f (n ) = 2 (b) onto but not one-one
0, n is odd. (c) one-one but not onto
(d) neither one-one nor onto
Then, f is [KCET]
17. A function f : A B, where A = { x : - 1 x 1} and
(a) injective but not surjective
(b) neither injective nor surjective B = { y : 1 y 2} is defined by the rule y = f ( x ) = 1 + x 2 .
(c) surjective but not injective Which of the following statement is correct? [WB JEE]
(d) bijective (a) f is injective but not surjective
11. If n( A ) = 4 and n( B ) = 6. Then, the number of one-one (b) f is surjective but not injective
(c) f is both injective and surjective
function from A to B is [AMU]
(d) f is neither injective nor surjective
(a) 24 (b) 60 (c) 120 (d) 360
10 | Chapterwise & Topicwise Engineering Entrances Solved Papers

## 18. If f : R C is defined by f ( x ) = e 2ix for x R, then f is 2006

(where, C denotes the set of all complex numbers) 22. The function f : X Y defined by f ( x ) = sin x is one-one
(a) one-one [AMU, EAMCET] but not onto, if X and Y are respectively equal to [KCET]
(b) onto (a) R and R (b) [ 0, p] and [ 0, 1]
(c) one-one and onto
p -p p
(d) neither one-one nor onto (c) 0, and [1, 1] (d) , and [ -1, 1]
2 2 2
19. The function f : R R given by f ( x ) = x 3 - 1is
23. If R denotes the set of all real numbers, then the function
(a) a one-one function [J&K CET]
f : R R defined by f ( x ) = | x | is [AMU]
(b) an onto function
(a) only one-one (b) only onto
(c) a bijection
(c) both one-one and onto (d) neither one-one nor onto
(d) neither one-one nor onto

2007 2005
x, if x is rational.
20. If A = [ -1, 1] and f : A A is defined as f ( x ) = x | x | , 24. If f ( x ) =
" x A, then f ( x )is [BITSAT] 0, if x is irrational.
0, if x is rational.
(a) many-one and into function and g ( x ) =
(b) one-one and into function x, if x is irrational.
(c) many-one and onto function Then, f - g is [IIT JEE]
(d) one-one and onto function (a) one-one and into
21. The function f : R R defined by (b) neither one-one nor onto
(c) many-one and onto
f ( x ) = ( x - 1)( x - 2)( x - 3) is [AMU]
(d) one-one and onto
(a) one-one but not onto
(b) onto but not one-one 25. If A is a set containing 10 distinct elements, then the total
(c) both one-one and onto number of distinct function from A to A is [DCE]

(d) neither one-one nor onto (a) 1010 (b) 101 (c) 210 (d) 210 - 1

Topic 4
Domain-Range, Odd-Even and Periodic Functions
2014
1. If f ( x )is an odd periodic function with period 2, then f ( 4 ) 4. The domain of the function f ( x ) = cos x is
is equal to [BITSAT] 3p p
(a) - 4 (b) 4 (a) , 2p (b) 0, [Kerala CEE]
2 2
(c) 2 (d) 0 p p p 3p
2. The period ofsin 2 q is [BITSAT]
(c) - , (d) 0, , 2p
2 2 2 2
2 p
(a) p (b) p (c) 2p (d) (e) All of these
2
5. If f ( x ) = | x - 2 | , where x is a real number. Then, which
3. Which one of the following is not correct for the feature of
one of the following is correct? [Kerala CEE]
exponential function given by
(a) f is periodic
f ( x ) = b x ,where b > 1? [KCET]
(b) f ( x + y ) = f ( x ) + f ( y )
(a) For very large negative values of x, the function is (c) f is an odd function
very close to 0 (d) f is not one-one function
(b) The domain of the function is R, the set of real (e) f is an even function
numbers
(c) The point (1, 0) is always on the graph of the function 6. The range of the function f ( x ) = x 2 + 2 x + 2 is
(d) The range of the function is the set of all positive real (a) (1, ) (b) ( 2, ) (c) ( 0, ) [Kerala CEE]
numbers (d) [1, ) (e) ( - , )
Sets, Relations and Functions | 11
p2 17. The even function is [WB JEE]
7. The range of the function y = 3 sin - x2 is
16 a x + a -x
(a) f ( x ) = x
a - a -x
(a) [ 0, 3/ 2 ] (b) [ 0, 1] [WB JEE]
ax + 1
(c) [ 0, 3/ 2 ] (d) [ 0, ) (b) f ( x ) =
ax -1
8. If A = {1, 2, 3, 4} and R be the relation on A defined by
ax -1
{( a, b ) : a, b A , a b is an even number}, then find the (c) f ( x ) = x
range of R. [J&K CET]
ax + 1
(a) {1, 2, 3, 4} (b) {2, 4} (d) f ( x ) = log 2 ( x + x 2 + 1 )
(c) {2, 3, 4} (d) {1, 2, 4} x-3
18. The domain of cos -1 - log 10 ( 4 - x ) is [GGSIPU]
9. Find the domain of the function 2
f ( x ) = ( x 2 + 1) / ( x 2 - 3x + 3). [J&K CET] (a) (1, 4) (b) [1, 4) (c) (1, 4] (d) [1, 4]
(a) R - {1, 2} (b) R - {1, 4} 19. If f ( x ) = 3 - x, where - 4 x 4, then the domain of
(c) R (d) R - {1} log e [ f ( x )] is [J&K CET]
10. Find the range of the function (a) [ - 4, 4] (b) ( - , 3] (c) ( - , 3) (d) [ - 4, 3)
f :[ 0, 1] R , f ( x ) = x 3 - x 2 + 4x + 2 sin -1 x. 2010
(a) [ - ( p + 2), 0] (b) [ 0, 4 + p] [J&K CET] 20. The period of the function f ( q ) = 4 + 4 sin 3 q - 3sin q is
(c) [ 2, 3] (d) ( 0, 2 + p] 2p p
(a) (b) [BITSAT]
11. If A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}, then find the domain in the relation 3 3
from A to A by R = {( x, y ) : y = 2 x - 1}. [J&K CET] p
(c) (d) p
(a) {1, 2, 3} (b) {1, 2} (c) {1, 3, 5} (d) {2, 4} 2

## 2013 21. The function f ( x ) = sec [log ( x + 1 + x 2 )] is [BITSAT]

12. If f ( x ) = cos ax + sin x is periodic, then a must be (a) odd (b) even
(c) neither odd nor even (d) constant
(a) irrational (b) rational [OJEE]

x
(c) positive real number (d) None of these 22. The domain of sin -1 log 2 is [Kerala CEE]
12
2012 1
(a) [ 2, 12] (b) [ - 1, 1] (c) , 24
13. If f ( x ) = sin x , then period of f ( x ) is [OJEE] 3
p 2
(a) p (b) (d) , 24 (e) [6, 24]
2 3
(c) 2p (d) None of these
1- |x |
23. The domain of the function f ( x ) = cos -1 is
2011 2
x (a) ( -3, 3) (b) [ -3, 3]
14. The domain of f ( x ) = sin -1 log 2 is [KCET]
[WB JEE]
2 (c) ( - , - 3) ( 3, ) (d) ( - , - 3] [ 3, )
(a) 0 x 1 (b) 0 x 4 2009
(c) 1 x 4 (d) 4 x 6 x
24. Range of the function f ( x ) = is [BITSAT]
15. The range of the function f ( x ) = log e ( 3x 2 + 4 ) is equal 1+ x2
to [Kerala CEE]
1 1
(a) [log e 2, ) (b) [log e 3, ) (a) ( - , ) (b) [ - 1, 1] (c) - , (d) [ - 2 , 2 ]
(c) [ 2 log e 3, ) (d) [ 0, ) 2 2
(e) [ 2 log e 2, ) 25. If f is a function with domain [ - 3, 5 ] and g ( x ) = | 3x + 4 |.
16. The period of the function f ( x ) = |sin 2 x | + |cos 8 x| is Then, the domain of ( fog ) ( x ) is [BITSAT]

2p 1 1
(a) 2 p (b) p (c) [Kerala CEE] (a) -3, (b) - 3,
3 3 3
p p 1 1
(d) (e) (c) - 3, (d) - 3, -
2 4 3 3
12 | Chapterwise & Topicwise Engineering Entrances Solved Papers

26. The domain of the function f ( x ) = log 2 [log 3 (log 4 x )] is 35. The range of the function f ( x ) = x 2 +
1
is [Manipal]
2
(a) ( - , 4 ) (b) ( 4, ) (c) (0, 4) [Kerala CEE] x +1
(d) (1, ) (e) ( - , 1) (a) [1, ) (b) [ 2, )
27. The domain of definition of the function 3
(c) , (d) None of these
f ( x ) = 1 + log e (1 - x ) is [WB JEE] 2
e -1 36. If f ( x ) is an even function and f ( x ) exists, then
(a) - < x 0 (b) - < x
e f ( e ) + f ( - e ) is [KCET]
(c) - < x 1 (d) x 1 - e (a) > 0 (b) = 0 (c) 0 (d) < 0
1
28. If f ( x ) = , then domain of f ( x )is [OJEE] 37. If n is the natural number. Then, the range of the function
|x |-x f ( n ) = 8 - n Pn - 4 , 4 n 6 , is [Kerala CEE]
(a) ( - , 0) (b) ( - , 2) (a) {1, 2, 3, 4} (b) {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}
(c) ( - , ) (d) None of these (c) {1, 2, 3} (d) {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}
29. If f :[ 2, 3] R is defined by f ( x ) = x 3 + 3x - 2 , then the (e) f
range f ( x ) is contained in the interval [EAMCET] 38. The domain of the function f ( x ) = log 2x - 1 ( x - 1) is
(a) [1, 12] (b) [12, 34] (c) [35, 50] (d) [ -12, 12] 1
1 (a) (1 , ) (b) , [UPSEE]
30. The domain of the real function f ( x ) = is 2
4 - x2 (c) ( 0, ) (d) None of these
(a) the set of all real numbers [J&K CET] 1 px
39. If f ( x ) = - tan , - 1 < x < 1 and
(b) the set of all positive real numbers 2 2
(c) ( - 2, 2)
g ( x ) = 3 + 4x - 4x 2 , then domain ( f + g ) is given by
(d) [ - 2, 2]
1 1
31. The period of the function f ( x ) = cosec 2 3x + cot 4x is (a) , 1 (b) , - 1 [UPSEE]
p p 2 2
(a) (b) [BCECE]
1 1
3 4 (c) - , 1 (d) - , - 1
p 2 2
(c) (d) p
6 p2
40. The range of the function f ( x ) = tan - x 2 is
2008 9
x (a) [0, 3] (b) [ 0, 3 ]
32. The domain of sin -1 log 3 is [OJEE]
3 (c) ( - , ) (d) None of these
[BITSAT, Jamia Millia Islamia] 41. The domain of the real valued function
(a) [1, 9] (b) [1, 9] 3x - 1
f ( x ) = 1 - 2 x + 2 sin -1 is [Guj CET]
(c) [ 9, 1] (d) [ 9, 1] 2
33. If f : R R and g : R R are defined by f ( x ) = | x | and 1 1 1 1 1 1
(a) - , 1 (b) , 1 (c) - , (d) - ,
8 8 3 2 2 3 3 2
g ( x ) = [ x - 3] for x R, then g( f ( x )) : - < x < is
5 5 42. If f : R R is defined by f ( x ) = [ 2 x] - 2[ x] ," x R,
equal to [BITSAT]
where [ x] is the greatest integer not exceeding x, then the
(a) {0, 1} (b) {1, 2} range of f is [BCECE]
(c) {3, 2} (d) {2, 3} (a) { x R : 0 x 1} (b) {0 , 1}
34. The period of the function (c) { x R : x > 0} (d) {x R : x 0}
sin 8 x cos x - sin 6 x cos 3x
f (x ) = is [Manipal] 43. The function f ( x ) = log ( x + x 2 + 1 ) is [BCECE]
cos 2 x cos x - sin 3 x sin 4x
(a) an even function
(a) p (b) 2p (b) an odd function
p (c) a periodic function
(c) (d) None of these
2 (d) neither an even nor an odd function
Sets, Relations and Functions | 13
2007
p p 4 - x2
44. The largest interval lying in - , on which the 53. The domain of the function f ( x ) = is
2 2 sin -1 ( 2 - x )
[AMU]
2 x
function f ( x ) = 4 - x + cos -1 - 1 + log (cos x ) is (a) [0, 2] (b) [0, 2) (c) [1, 2) (d) [1, 2]
2
1
defined, is [AIEEE] 54. If f : R R and is defined by f ( x ) = for each
p p p p p 2 - cos 3x
(a) [ 0, p] (b) - , (c) - , (d) 0, x R, then the range of f is [EAMCET]
2 2 4 2 2
(a) (1/3, 1) (b) [1/3, 1] (c) (1, 2) (d) [1, 2]
45. If f : ( -1, 1) B is a function defined by
2x 55. The period of the function f ( x ) = |sin x | + |cos x | is
f ( x ) = tan -1 , then f is both one-one and onto when
1- x2 (a) p (b) p /2 [Guj CET]
B is the interval [MP PET] (c) 2 p (d) None of these
56. If the function f : R R defined by f ( x ) = [ x] , where [ x]
p p p p p p
(a) - , (b) - , (c) 0, (d) 0, is the greatest integer not exceeding x, for x R, then f is
2 2 2 2 2 2
(a) even [J&K CET]
46. The period of the function f ( x ) = a {tan (px) + x - [ x ]} , where (b) odd
a > 0, [ ] denotes the greatest integer function and x is a real (c) neither even nor odd
number, is [Kerala CEE] (d) strictly increasing
p p cos -1 x
(a) p (b) (c) 57. The domain of the function f ( x ) = is [BCECE]
2 4 [ x]
(d) 2p (e) 1
(a) [ -1, 0) {1} (b) [1, 1]
x
47. The period of the function f ( x ) = sin sin is [WB JEE] (c) [1, 1) (d) None of these
5
(a) 2 p (b) 2 p /5 (c) 10 p (d) 5 p
2006
58. The domain of the real valued function
48. The domain of the function
f ( x ) = log 10 ( x - 4 + 6 - x ) is f ( x ) = 5 - 4x - x 2 + x 2 log ( x + 4 ) is [Kerala CEE]
[WB JEE]
(a) -5 x 1 (b) -5 x and x 1
(a) [4, 6] (b) ( - , 6)
(c) - 4 < x 1 (d) f
(c) [ 2, 3) (d) None of these
(e) 0 x 1
x 2
49. The domain of the function sin -1 log 2 is [UPSEE] 59. The largest possible set of real numbers which can be the
2
domain of f ( x ) = 1 - , is
1
[WB JEE]
(a) [1, 2] - {0} (b) [2, 2] - (1, 1) x
(c) [2, 2] - {0} (d) [1, 2] (a) ( 0, 1) ( 0, ) (b) ( -1, 0) (1, )
50. The range of f ( x ) = cos x - sin x is [UPSEE]
(c) ( - , - 1) ( 0, ) (d) ( - , 0) [1, )
(a) [1, 1] (b) ( -1, 2) 60. The domain of the function f ( x ) = exp ( 5x - 3 - 2 x 2 ) is
p p (a) [3/2, ) (b) [1, 3/2] [UPSEE]
(c) - , (d) [ - 2 , 2 ]
2 2 (c) (- , 1] (d) (1, 3/2)
51. If f : R S , defined by f ( x ) = sin x - 3 cos x + 1, is 61. The period of the function f ( x ) = sin 4 x + cos 4 x is
onto, then the interval of S is [Jamia Millia Islamia] p
(a) p (b) [UPSEE]
(a) [0, 3] (b) [1, 1] 2
(c) [0, 1] (d) [1, 3] (c) 2p (d) None of these
52. The domain of the function 62. The domain of definition of the function
sin -1 ( x - 3) 5x - x 2
f (x ) = is [Jamia Millia Islamia] f ( x ) = log 10 is [OJEE]
9-x 2 4

(a) [2, 3] (b) [2, 3) (c) [1, 2] (d) [1, 2) (a) [1, 4] (b) [1, 0] (c) [0, 5] (d) [5, 0]
14 | Chapterwise & Topicwise Engineering Entrances Solved Papers

1
f : R R is defined by f ( x ) = x - [ x] -
for x R, x2
63. If 65. Range of the function f ( x ) = is [BITSAT, OJEE]
2 x2 + 1
where [ x] is the greatest integer not exceeding x, then
(a) (1, 0) (b) (1, 1) (c) [0, 1) (d) (1, 1)
1
x R : f ( x ) = is equal to [EAMCET] 66. The range of the function f ( x ) = ( x - 1)( 3 - x ) is [AMU]
2
(a) [0, 1] (b) (1, 1)
(a) Z, the set of all integers
(c) (3, 3) (d) (3, 1)
(b) N , the set of all natural numbers
(c) f, the empty set 67. The domain of the function f ( x ) = log e ( x - [ x]) is
(d) R, the set of all rational numbers (a) R (b) R - Z [AMU]

## 2005 (c) ( 0, + ) (d) Z

64. If f ( x ) = 2 x 6 + 3x 4 + 4x 2 , then f ( x ) is 68. The range of the function f ( x ) = x 2 - 6 x + 7is [BCECE]
[BITSAT]
(a) ( - , 0) (b) [ - 2, )
(a) even function (b) an odd function
(c) ( - , ) (d) ( - , - 2)
(c) neither even nor odd (d) None of these

Topic 5
Inverse, Composition and Different Types of Functions
2014
1. If f k ( x ) = 1/ k (sin k x + cos k x ), where x R and k 1, 5. If R is the set of all real numbers and f : R R is given by
then f 4 ( x ) - f 6 ( x ) is equal to [JEE Mains] f ( x ) = 3x 2 + 1. Then, the set f -1 ([1, 6])is [WB JEE]
(a) 1/6 (b) 1/3 (c) 1/4 (d) 1/12 5 5 5 5
(a) - , 0, (b) - ,
2. Let f ( x ) = ( x + 1) 2 for x - 1. If g ( x ) is a function whose 3 3 3 3
graph is the reflection of the graph of f ( x )in the line y = x, 1 1 5 5
then g ( x ) is equal to [KCET] (c) - , (d) - ,
3 3 3 3
1
(a) x > -1 (b) - x - 1
( x + 1) 2 1 1
6. If f x + = x 2 + 2 ,then f ( x )will be [RPET]
(c) x + 1 (d) x - 1 x x
(a) x 2 - 1 (b) x 2 - 2
3. If f ( x ) = x and g ( x ) = 2 x - 3, then domain of ( fog ) ( x ) 2
(c) x (d) x 4
is
3 2013
(a) ( - , - 3) (b) - , - [Kerala CEE]
2 a x + a -x
7. If the function f ( x ) = , where a > 2. Then,
3 3 2
(c) - , 0 (d) 0,
2 2 f ( x + y ) + f ( x - y ) is equal to [Manipal]
3 (a) f ( x ) - f ( y )
(e) ,
2 (b) f ( y )
(c) 2 f ( x ) f ( y )
x+2
4. If f ( x ) = , then f { f ( x )}is equal to [Kerala CEE] (d) None of these
3x - 1
8. If f ( x ) = ( x + 2) 2 - 2, x - 2 . Then f -1 ( x ) is equal to
1
(a) x (b) - x (c)
x (a) - 2 + x - 2 (b) 2 + x + 2 [AMU]
1 (c) 2 + x - 2 (d) - 2 + x + 2
(d) - (e) 0
x
Sets, Relations and Functions | 15
2012
9. If f : ( - 1, 1) R be such that f (cos 4q ) =
2 1
for 15. If f ( x ) = 4x 3 + 3x 2 + 3x + 4, then x 3 f is equal to
2 - sec 2 q x
p p p 1 (a) f ( - x )
1
q 0, , . Then, the value(s) of f is/are (b) [MP PET]
4 4 2 3 f (x )
2
3 3 1
(a) 1 - (b) 1 + [IIT JEE] (c) f (d) f ( x )
2 2 x
2 2 16. If the function f :[1, ) [1, ) is defined by
(c) 1 - (d) 1 +
3 3 f ( x ) = 2x (x - 1) , then f -1 ( x ) is equal to [Kerala CEE]
10. If f ( x ) = x 2 + 2bx + 2c 2 and g ( x ) = - x 2 - 2cx + b 2 are x (x - 1)
1 1
such that min f ( x ) > max g ( x ), then relation between b and (a) (b) (1 - 1 + 4 log 2 x )
c is [Manipal]
2 2
1 1
(a) no relation (b) 0 < c < b/ 2 (c) 1 + 4 log 2 x (d) (1 + 1 + 4 log 2 x )
2 2
(c) | c | < 2 | b | (d) | c | > 2 | b | (e) not defined
11. If f : R R is defined by f ( x ) = 2 x + 3, then f -1 ( x ) 17. If f = {( 0, - 1), ( - 1, - 3), ( 2, 3), ( 3, 5)}is a function from z
x-3 [KCET] to z defined by f ( x ) = ax + b. Then, [AMU]
(a) is given by
2 (a) a = 1, b = - 2 (b) a = 2, b = 1
1 (c) a = 2, b = - 1 (d) a = 1, b = 2
(b) is given by
2x + 3 18. If f ( x ) is a polynomial function of the second degree such
(c) does not exist because f is not injective that, f ( - 3) = 6, f ( 0) = 6 and f ( 2) = 11, then the graph of
(d) does not exist because f is not surjective the function, f ( x ) cuts the ordinate x = 1at the point
12. If R is the set of real numbers and the functions f : R R (a) (1, 8) (b) (1, 4 ) [GGSIPU]
and g : R R be defined by f ( x ) = x 2 + 2 x - 3 and (c) (1, - 2) (d) None of these
g ( x ) = x + 1. Then, the value of x for which 19. If g ( x ) is the inverse of f ( x ) and f ( x ) = cos x, then g ( x )
f ( g ( x )) = g( f ( x )) is [WB JEE] is equal to [J&K CET]
(a) - 1 (b) 0 (c) 1 (d) 2 (a) sec x (b) sec [ g ( x )]
(c) cos [ g ( x )] (d) - sin [ g ( x )]
2011
13. If f ( x ) = x 2 and g ( x ) = sin x, " x R. Then, the set of all x 2010
satisfying ( fogogof )( x ) = ( gogof )( x ), ax 2
where ( fog ) ( x ) = f ( g ( x )), is [IIT JEE]
20. If f ( x ) = , x - 1, then the value of a for which
x+1
(a) np, n {0, 1, 2, K } f ( a ) = a, where a 0, is [BITSAT]
(b) np, n {1, 2, K } (a) 1-
1
(b)
1
(c) 1+
1 1
(d) - 1
p a a a a
(c) + 2 np, n {K , - 2, - 1, 0, 1, 2, K }
2 21. If f ( x ) = x 2 - 1and g ( x ) = ( x + 1) 2 , then ( gof )( x ) is equal
(d) 2 np, n {K , - 2, - 1, 0, 1, 2, K } to
b-x (a) ( x + 1) 4 - 1 (b) x 4 - 1
14. If f : ( 0, 1) R is defined by f ( x ) = , where b is a [Kerala CEE]
1 - bx (c) x 4 (d) ( x + 1) 4
constant such that 0 < b < 1 . Then, [IIT JEE]
-1
(e) ( x - 1) 4 - 1
(a) f is not invertible on (0, 1)
1 22. If f is a real valued function such that
(b) f f -1 on (0, 1) and f ( b ) = f ( x + y ) = f ( x ) + f ( y ) and f (1) = 5, then the value of

f ( 0)
f (100) is [Kerala CEE]
-1 1
(c) f = f on (0, 1) and f ( b ) = (a) 200 (b) 300 (c) 350
f ( 0)
(d) 400 (e) 500
(d) f -1 is differentiable on (0, 1)
16 | Chapterwise & Topicwise Engineering Entrances Solved Papers

## 23. If R is the set of real numbers and the mappings f : R R , 4x 1 2 96

31. If f ( x ) = , then f + f + ... + f is
g : R R are defined by f ( x ) = 5 - x 2 and g ( x ) = 3x - 4, 4 +2x
97 97 97
then the value of ( fog )( - 1) is [WB JEE] equal to [UPSEE]
(a) - 44 (b) - 54 (c) - 32 (d) - 64 (a) 1 (b) 48 (c) - 48 (d) - 1
2009 32. If f ( x + 2 y, x - 2 y ) = xy, then f ( x, y ) is equal to
[Jamia Millia Islamia]
24. If f :[ 4, [ [ 4, [ is defined by f ( x ) = 5x (x - 4) , then
2 2 2 2
x -y x -y x + y2 2
x2 - y2
f -1 ( x ) is equal to [BITSAT] (a) (b) (c) (d)
8 4 4 2
(a) 2 - 4 + log 5 x (b) 2 + 4 + log 5 x 1 2
x (x - 4) 33. If 2 f ( x ) + 3 f 2 = x - 1 ," x R -{0}, then f ( x 4 ) is
2
1 x
(c) (d) not defined
5 equal to [AMU]
4 4 4 4
25. If D30 is the set of the divisors of 30, x, y D30 , we define (1 - x ) ( 2 x + 3) (1 + x ) ( 2x - 3)
(a) 4
(b)
x + y = LCM ( x, y ) , x y = GCD ( x, y ) , x =
30
and 5x 5x 4
4 4
x (1 - x ) ( 2 x - 3)
f ( x, y, z ) = ( x + y ) ( y + z ) , then f ( 2, 5, 15) is equal to (c) (d) None of these
5x 4
(a) 2 (b) 5 [MHT CET]
34. If a and b are two integers such that 10a + b = 5 and
(c) 10 (d) 15
P ( x ) = x + ax + b. Then, integer n such that
26. If the function f : N N is defined by f ( x ) = x, then P (10) P (11) = P ( n ) is [AMU]
f ( 25)
is equal to [MP PET] (a) 15 (b) 65 (c) 115 (d) 165
f (16) + f (1)
5 5 5 35. If f ( x ) = 2 x - 13x + ax + b is divisible by x 2 - 3x + 2 ,
4 2

## (a) (b) (c) (d) 1 then ( a, b ) is equal to [EAMCET]

6 7 3
27. If a function f satisfies f { f ( x )} = x + 1for all real values (a) ( - 9, - 2) (b) (6, 4) (c) (9, 2) (d) (2, 9)
1 36. If f : R R is defined as f ( x ) = (1 - x )1/ 3 , then f -1 ( x ) is
of x and f ( 0) = , then f (1) is equal to [Kerala CEE]
2 equal to [RPET]
-1 / 3 3
(a)
1
(b) 1 (c)
3 (a) (1 - x ) (b) (1 - x )
2 2 (c) 1 - x 3 (d) 1 - x1/ 3
(d) 2 (e) 0
28. If f : R R and g : R R are defined by f ( x ) = x - 3and 2008
g ( x ) = x 2 + 1, then the values of x for which g { f ( x )} = 10 37. If f : N Y is a function defined as f ( x ) = 4x + 3, where
are [Kerala CEE] Y = { y N : y = 4x + 3 for some x N }. Then, inverse of
(a) 0, - 6 (b) 2, - 2 (c) 1, - 1 f is [AIEEE]

## (d) 0, 6 (e) 0, 2 y-3 3y + 4

(a) g ( y ) = (b) g ( y ) =
29. If f ( x ) satisfies the relation 2 f ( x ) + f (1- x ) = x 2 for all 4 3
y+3 y+3
real x, then f ( x ) is [Kerala CEE] (c) g ( y ) = 4 + (d) g ( y ) =
2 2
4 4
x + 2x -1 x + 2x -1
(a) (b)
6 3 38. If f ( x ) = e x and g ( x ) = log e x, then which of the
x 2 + 4x - 1 x 2 - 3x + 1
(c) (d) following is correct? [MP PET]
3 6
2 (a) f {g ( x )} g{ f ( x )}
x + 3x - 1
(e) (b) f {g ( x )} = g{ f ( x )}
3 (c) f {g ( x )} + g{ f ( x )} = 0
p p (d) f {g ( x )} - g{ f ( x )} = 1
30. If f ( x ) = sin 2 x + sin 2 x + + cos x cos x +
3 3 39. If f : R R is defined by f ( x ) = x 3 , then f -1 ( 8) is equal

5 to
and g = 1 , then gof ( x ) is equal to [KCET]
4 (a) {2} (b) {2, 2 w, 2 w } 2
[UPSEE, Jamia Millia Islamia]
(c) {2, 2} (d) {2, 2}
(a) 1 (b) -1 (c) 2 (d) - 2
Sets, Relations and Functions | 17
1+ x 48. Let [ x] denotes the greatest integer x. If f ( x ) = [ x] and
40. If f ( x ) = log , where - 1 < x < 1, then
1- x 8 8
g ( x ) = | x | , then the value of f g - g f - is
3x + x 3 5 5
f - f 2 x is equal to [Kerala CEE]
1 + 3x 2 1+ x2 (a) 2 (b) 2 (c) 1 [Kerala CEE]

(d) 0 (e) 1
(a) [ f ( x )] 3 (b) [ f ( x )] 2 (c) - f ( x )
10x - 10- x
(d) f ( x ) (e) 3 f ( x ) 49. The inverse of the function y = is
1+ x 10x + 10- x
41. The function f ( x ) = log satisfies the equation
[OJEE, WB JEE]
1- x
(a) f ( x + 2) - 2 f ( x + 1) + f ( x ) = 0 1 1+ x 1 2+ x
[WB JEE] (a) log 10 (b) log 10
(b) f ( x ) + f ( x + 1) = f { x( x + 1)} 2 1- x 2 2-x
x+ y 1 1- x
(c) f ( x ) + f ( y ) = f (c) log 10 (d) None of these
1 + xy 2 1+ x
(d) f ( x + y ) = f ( x ) f ( y ) 50. If the functions f , g and h are defined from the set of real
42. The function f ( x ) which satisfies numbers R to R such that f ( x ) = x 2 - 1, g ( x ) = ( x 2 + 1)
f (x )
f ( x ) = f ( -x ) = , is given by [WB JEE] 0, if x < 0
x and h( x ) = , then ho ( fog )( x ) is defined by
1 2 1 2
x, if x 0
(a) f ( x ) = e x (b) f ( x ) = e - x (a) x (b) x 2 [UPSEE]
2 2
2 2 (c) 0 (d) None of these
(c) f ( x ) = x 2 e x /2
(d) f ( x ) = e x /2
51. If f ( x ) f (1/ x ) = f ( x ) + f (1/ x ) and f ( 4 ) = 65, then f ( 6)
43. If f ( x ) = [ x - 2] , where [ x] denotes the greatest integer less is equal to [OJEE]
than or equal to x, then f ( 2.5) is equal to [OJEE]
(a) 65 (b) 217 (c) 215 (d) 64
1
(a) (b) 0 52. If f ( x ) = ax + b, g ( x ) = cx + d , then f {g ( x )} = g{ f ( x )} is
2
(c) 1 (d) does not exist equivalent to [AMU]
(a) f ( a ) = g ( c )
44. If f :[ -6, 6] R is defined by f ( x ) = x 2 - 3 for x R , (b) f ( b ) = g ( b )
then ( fofof )( -1) + ( fofof )( 0) + ( fofof )(1) is equal to (c) f ( d ) = g ( b )
(a) f ( 4 2 ) (b) f ( 3 2 ) [EAMCET] (d) f ( c ) = g ( a )
(c) f ( 2 2 ) (d) f ( 2 ) 53. If Q denotes the set of all rational numbers and
p p
2007 f = p 2 - q 2 for any Q , then observe the
ax + b q q
45. If f ( x ) = , then fof ( x ) = x provided that following statements.
cx + d
p p
(a) d = - a (b) d = a [MHT CET]
I. f is real for each Q.
q
q
(c) a = b = c = d = 1 (d) a = b = 1
p p
46. If the graph of the function of y = f ( x ) is symmetrical II. f is a complex number for each Q.
q
q
about the line x = 2, then [MP PET]
Which of the following is correct? [EAMCET]
(a) f ( x + 2) = f ( x - 2) (b) f ( 2 + x ) = f ( 2 - x ) (a) Both I and II are correct
(c) f ( x ) = f ( -x ) (d) f ( x ) = - f ( -x ) (b) I is correct, II is incorrect
47. If f : R R is defined by f ( x ) = | x |, then [KCET] (c) I is incorrect, II is correct
(a) f -1 ( x ) = - x (d) Both I and II are incorrect
1 54. If f : R R and g : R R are defined by f ( x ) = x - [ x]
(b) f -1 ( x ) =
|x | and g ( x ) = [ x] for x R, where[ x] is the greatest integer not
-1 exceeding x, then for every x R, f (g ( x )) is equal to
(c) f ( x ) does not exist
1 (a) x (b) 0 [EAMCET]
(d) f -1 ( x ) = (c) f ( x ) (d) g ( x )
x
18 | Chapterwise & Topicwise Engineering Entrances Solved Papers

## 55. If f : R R is given by x+2

63. If y = f ( x ) = , then [Jamia Millia Islamia]
-1, when x is rational. x -1
f (x ) = (a) x = f ( y )
1, when x is irrational.
(b) f (1) = 3
Then, ( fof )(1 - 3 ) is equal to [J&K CET] (c) y increases with x for x < 1
(a) 1 (b) 1 (c) 3 (d) 0 (d) f is a rational function of x
64. If f : R R is defined by
2006
x + 4 for x < - 4
-1, x < 0
f ( x ) = 3x + 2 for - 4 x < 4 ,
56. If g ( x ) = 1 + x - [ x] and f ( x ) = 0, x = 0, then for all x,
x - 4 for x4
1, x > 0

f (g ( x )) is equal to [BITSAT] then the correct matching of List I from List II is
(a) x (b) 1 (c) f ( x ) (d) g ( x ) List I List II
57. If f ( 0) = 1, f (1) = 5 and f ( 2) = 11, then the equation of A. f (- 5) + f (- 4 ) 1. 14
polynomial of degree two is [MHT CET] B. f (| f (- 8)|) 2. 4
2 2 C. f [ f (- 7) + f (3)] 3. - 11
(a) x + 1 = 0 (b) x + 3x + 1 = 0
D. f [ f { f ( f (0))}] + 1 4. -1
(c) x 2 - 2 x + 1 = 0 (d) None of these
5. 1
58. If f ( x ) = ( a - x n )1/ n , where a > 0 and n N , then fof ( x ) 6. 0
is equal to [MP PET]
[EAMCET]
n
(a) a (b) x (c) x (d) a n A B C D A B C D
59. If [ x] denotes the greatest integer x, then (a) 3 6 2 5 (b) 3 4 2 5
2 2 1 2 2 2 98 (c) 4 3 2 1 (d) 3 6 5 2
3 + 3 + 99 + 3 + 99 + L + 3 + 99 is equal to 65. Which of the following functions is inverse of itself ?
1- x
(a) 99 (b) 98 (c) 66 [Kerala CEE] (a) f ( x ) = (b) f ( x ) = 3log x [BCECE]
(d) 65 (e) 33 1+ x
60. If f ( x ) = cos (log x ), then (c) f ( x ) = 3x (x + 1) (d) None of these
1 x
2005
f ( x ) f ( y ) - f + f ( xy ) has the value
2 y 66. The second degree polynomial f ( x ), satisfying f ( 0) = 0,
[WB JEE, Jamia Millia Islamia] f (1) = 1, f ( x ) > 0 ," x ( 0, 1) is [IIT JEE]
(a) 1 (b) 1/2 (c) 2 (d) 0 (a) f ( x ) = f
2x -1 -1 (b) f ( x ) = ax + (1 - a ) x 2 , " a ( 0, )
61. If f ( x ) = , x - 5, then f ( x ) is equal to
x+5 (c) f ( x ) = ax + (1 - a ) x 2 , a ( 0, 2)
x+5 1 5x + 1 (d) no such polynomials
(a) ,x (b) , x 2 [UPSEE]
2x - 1 2 2-x 67. If X and Y are two non-empty sets, where f : X Y is
x-5 1 5x - 1 function is defined such that
(c) ,x (d) ,x 2
2x + 1 2 2-x f (C ) = { f ( x ) : x C} for C X
x and f -1 ( D ) = { x : f ( x ) D}for D Y ,
62. If f ( x ) = , x 1, then ( fofo . . . of ) ( x ) is equal to
x -1 1442443 for any A X and B Y , then [IIT JEE]
19 times -1
19 (a) f { f ( A )} = A only if A X
x x
(a) (b) [UPSEE] (b) f -1 { f ( A )} = A only if f ( X ) = Y
x -1 x - 1 (c) f { f -1 ( B )} = B only if B f ( X )
19 x
(c) (d) x (d) f { f -1 ( B )} = B
x -1
Sets, Relations and Functions | 19
68. The function f satisfies the functional equation ax + b
72. The function f : C C defined by f ( x ) = for
x + 59 cx + d
3 f ( x ) + 2 f = 10 x + 30 for all real x 1. The value
x -1 x C , where bd 0 reduces to a constant function, if
of f ( 7) is [Kerala CEE]
(a) a = c (b) b = d [EAMCET]
(c) ad = bc (d) ab = cd
(a) 8 (b) 4 (c) 8
(d) 11 (e) 44 73. The values of b and c for which the identity
ax f ( x + 1) - f ( x ) = 8 x + 3 is satisfied, where
69. If f ( x ) = , x - 1, for what value of a is f ( f ( x )) = x ?
x+1 f ( x ) = bx 2 + cx + d , are [BCECE]
(a) 2 (b) - 2 (c) 1 [Kerala CEE] (a) b = 2, c = 1
(d) 2 (e) 1 (b) b = 4, c = - 1
70. If f : ( 2, 3) ( 0, 1) is defined by f ( x ) = x - [ x] , then (c) b = - 1, c = 4
(d) b = - 1, c = 1
f -1 ( x ) is equal to [OJEE]
74. If f ( 2 x + 3) = sin x + 2x , then f ( 4m - 2 n + 3) is equal to
(a) x - 2 (b) x + 1 (c) x - 1 (d) x + 2
(a) sin ( m - 2 n ) + 22m - n [J&K CET]
71. If f ( x + y, x - y ) = xy, then the arithmetic mean of f ( x, y )
and f ( y, x ) is [AMU]
(b) sin ( 2 m - n ) + 2(m - n) 2
(a) x (b) y (c) sin ( m - 2 n ) + 2(m + n) 2
(c) 0 (d) None of these (d) sin ( 2 m - n ) + 22m - n

## Types of Sets, Operations and Cartesian Products

1. (d) 2. (b) 3. (c) 4. (a) 5. (a) 6. (a) 7. (b) 8. (a) 9. (a) 10. (c)
11. (b) 12. (c) 13. (d) 14. (a) 15. (d) 16. (c) 17. (d) 18. (e) 19. (b) 20. (a)
21. (b) 22. (c) 23. (b) 24. (c) 25. (a) 26. (c) 27. (c) 28. (c) 29. (a) 30. (d)
31. (b) 32. (a) 33. (e) 34. (b) 35. (c) 36. (c) 37. (c) 38. (e) 39. (d) 40. (c)
41. (e) 42. (c) 43. (a) 44. (a) 45. (c)
Relation and Equivalence Relation
1. (c) 2. (c) 3. (d) 4. (c) 5. (d) 6. (a) 7. (a) 8. (c) 9. (d) 10. (b)
11. (b) 12. (a) 13. (a) 14. (d) 15. (d) 16. (c) 17. (a) 18. (b) 19. (c) 20. (d)
21. (c) 22. (b) 23. (a) 24. (c) 25. (a) 26. (b)
Types of Mapping
1. (a) 2. (e) 3. (d) 4. (b) 5. (d) 6. (b) 7. (c) 8. (c) 9. (c) 10. (c)
11. (d) 12. (d) 13. (c) 14. (d) 15. (d) 16. (c) 17. (b) 18. (d) 19. (c) 20. (d)
21. (b) 22. (c) 23. (d) 24. (d) 25. (a)
Domain-Range, Odd-Even and Periodic Functions
1. (d) 2. (b) 3. (c) 4. (c,d) 5. (d) 6. (d) 7. (c) 8. (b) 9. (c) 10. (b)
11. (a) 12. (b) 13. (d) 14. (c) 15. (e) 16. (d) 17. (c) 18. (b) 19. (d) 20. (a)
21. (b) 22. (e) 23. (b) 24. (c) 25. (c) 26. (b) 27. (b) 28. (a) 29. (b) 30. (c)
31. (d) 32. (a) 33. (c) 34. (c) 35. (a) 36. (b) 37. (c) 38. (a) 39. (c) 40. (b)
41. (d) 42. (b) 43. (b) 44. (d) 45. (a) 46. (e) 47. (c) 48. (a) 49. (b) 50. (d)
51. (d) 52. (b) 53. (c) 54. (b) 55. (b) 56. (c) 57. (a) 58. (c) 59. (d) 60. (b)
61. (b) 62. (a) 63. (c) 64. (b) 65. (c) 66. (a) 67. (b) 68. (b)
Inverse, Composition and Different Types of Functions
1. (d) 2. (d) 3. (e) 4. (a) 5. (b) 6. (b) 7. (c) 8. (c) 9. (a, b) 10. (d)
11. (a) 12. (a) 13. (a) 14. (a) 15. (d) 16. (d) 17. (c) 18. (a) 19. (b) 20. (c)
21. (c) 22. (e) 23. (a) 24. (d) 25. (c) 26. (d) 27. (c) 28. (d) 29. (b) 30. (a)
31. (b) 32. (a) 33. (a) 34. (a) 35. (c) 36. (c) 37. (a) 38. (b) 39. (a) 40. (d)
41. (c) 42. (d) 43. (b) 44. (a) 45. (a) 46. (b) 47. (c) 48. (e) 49. (a) 50. (b)
51. (b) 52. (c) 53. (d) 54. (b) 55. (b) 56. (b) 57. (b) 58. (b) 59. (c) 60. (d)
61. (b) 62. (a) 63. (a) 64. (a) 65. (a) 66. (c) 67. (a) 68. (b) 69. (e) 70. (d)
71. (c) 72. (c) 73. (b) 74. (d)