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F3036 – OPEN SOURCE OPERATING SYSTEM

TOPIC 1 – OPEN SOURCE AND LINUX FUNDAMENTALS

What is Open Source?

 free approach to the sources code


o application
o development
o distribution

How the open source exists?

 1985 – Richard Stallman : Free Foundation Software


 1989 – Richard Stallman : GNU General Public License
o Develop the organisation to license the free software(open source software)
 1990 – Linus Torvaljds
o Create the first kernel and it is registered under GPL

Type of open source software

1. Office Software
a. Openoffice.org
b. Abi Words
2. IT Security
a. Wireshark
3. Web Browser
a. Mozilla Firefox
b. Netscape Navigator
c. Opera
4. Image / Multimedia
a. GIMP
5. Operating System
a. Linux – distros
b. Unix – Mac OS
c. Minix – BSD
6. Development tool
a. Joomla
b. Elipse

How to get the techical support?

 Website – refer www.opensource.org, www.opensourcelist.org and www.linuxforums.org


for more information
 Forum
 Mailing list

Licensed Organization for Open Source

1. GPL (General Public License)


a. All software is registered to be free
b. Source software must be free

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© july 2010 – mohd firhan jasni
F3036 – OPEN SOURCE OPERATING SYSTEM

2. BSD License
a. Used for business-corporate
3. MIT License
a. Free, but conditional
4. Mozilla License
a. For web browser
b. Free for source code

What is Linux?

 System is similar to Unix system.


 Has multitasking, multiuser
 Support “COPY AND WRITE” (free source code)
 All the operating system available in Linux is call distros (Linux Distribution).
 Until now, there are over 400 distros available

What is Linux Standard Based(LSB)?

 Among open source developer


 All of them are discuss in forum
 To define specification
o Filesystem
o Application software

USER

APPLICATION
Software application
Hardware application

File management
OS Device management
Memory management

To interact between operating


KERNEL
system and user
process all task given

 Basic computer system is a kernel and OS cannot stand alone without kernel.

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© july 2010 – mohd firhan jasni
F3036 – OPEN SOURCE OPERATING SYSTEM

Component in a kernel

 Processor
 Device
o Hard disk, RAM, motherboard, CD ROM/DVD ROM
 System memory
o RAM, ROM
 Filesystem / system file
 Security
o Build-in firewall

Destros available in Linux.


 Ubuntu
 Red Hat
 Debian
 SuSe
 Fedora
 CentOS
 Mandrate
 Dream Linux

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© july 2010 – mohd firhan jasni