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Beam to Column Flange Connection:

Code : AISC 13th Edition - ASD

Vertical Shear Axial


Incoming Beam: W21X101 V = 50 kip A = 18 kip

Notes:
All Bolts are 7/8"
Sectional Properties:
Column: W14X159
dc = 15.0 in bfc = 15.6 in tfc = 1.19 in twc = 0.745 in kc = 2.5 in kc1 = 1.6 in

Beam : W12X101
db = 21.4 in bf = 12.3 in tfb = 0.80 in twb = 0.5 in kb = 1.7 in kb1 = 1.1 in

Clip Angle:
L1 = 3 in L2 = in t = 0.5 in g = 3.5 in

Material properties:
Yield Strength of A992-50 fy = 50 ksi Ultimate Strength of A992- fu = 65 ksi
Material 50 Material

Yield Strength of A36 Material fy = 36 ksi Ultimate Strength of A36 fu = 58 ksi


Material

Nominal Shear Strength of A325 Fnv = 48 ksi Nominal Tensile Strength Fnt = 90 ksi
N bolt of A325 N bolt
Design strength of weld (E70XX fw = 70 ksi
Electrode)

Bolt Properties:
Diameter of Bolt d = 0.875 in
Area of Bolt Ab = 0.601 in2
Bolt Grade ASTM = A325
Connection Type (N or SC) Type = N
Hole Type in Member Hole = STD
(STD,SSL,LSL,OVS)
Hole Type in Clip Angle Hole = STD
(STD,SSL,LSL,OVS)
Bolt Spacing S = 3 in
Bolt Gage g1 = 7.5 in
End Clearance ec = 0.5 in
Vertical Edge Distace Lev = 1.25 in
Shear Capacity of Bolt scap = 14.43 kip
Tension Capacity of Bolt Tcap = 27.06 kip
Diameter of Hole Dh = 0.938 kip
Diameter of Horizontal Slot Dh1 = 1.125 in

Check for Bolt:

Number of Rows nr = 5
Number of Columns nc = 2
Number of Bolts n = 10
Shear force per Bolt Fs = V/n
= 5 kip
Result: Fs<Scap Safe
Tension per Bolt Ften = A/n
= 1.8 kip
Result: Ften<Tcap Safe
Check for Combined Shear and Tension of Bolt:
Required Shear Stress on Bolt fv = Fs/Ab
2
= 8.315 kip/in
Nominal Shear Stress modified F'nt = MIN(((1.3*Fnt)-((Fnt/(0.5*Fnv))*fv)),Fnt)
2
to include the effect of shearing = 85.82 kip/in
stress
Residual Tension Capacity of Tres = 0.5*F'nt*Ab
Bolt = 25.8 kip
Result Tres>Ften Safe

Prying Force: T - stub @ clip angle

Check for thickness of clip angle: To Eliminate Prying Action

b = ((g1-twb)/2)-(t/2)
= 3.25 in
a = (MIN((L1-(t/2)-b),(1.25*b))
= -0.5 in
b' = (b-(d/2))
= 2.813 in
a' = (a+(d/2))
= -0.06 in
Tributary Length P = 2.75 in
Thickness required for demand treq = (SQRT((6.66*Ften*b')/(P*fu))
tensile force per bolt = 0.46 in
Thickness required to develop tc = (SQRT((6.66*Tres*b')/(P*fu))
available strength of bolt with no = 1.74 in
prying
= (b'/a') = (1-(Dh1/P))
= -45 = 0.59
= ((1/)*((Tres/Ften)-1))
-0.30
' = (IF(>=1,1,-((1/)*(((1/)*((Tres/Ften)-1))/(1-((1/)*((Tres/Ften)-1))))))
= 1
Minimum thickness tmin = (SQRT(6.66*Ften*b')/(P*fu*(1+(*')))
= 0.365 in
Result tmin<t Safe

Check for tension capacity of bolt including prying force:

= (IF(((1/)*(((Ften/Tres)*(tc/t)^2)-1))>0,((1/)*(((Ften/Tres)*(tc/t)^2)-1)),0)
= 0
Prying force per bolt q = (Tres*(***(t/tc)^2)
0 kip
Total tension per bolt Ta = (Ften+q)
= 1.8 kip
Result Ta<Tcap Safe

Prying Force: T - stub @ column flange

Check for thickness of column flange: To Eliminate Prying Action

b = ((7.5/2)-1.5625)
= 2.19 in
a = (MIN(((bfc-g1)/2),(1.25*b))
= 2.73 in
b' = (b-(d/2))
= 1.75 in
a' = (a+(d/2))
= 3.17 in
Tributary Length P = 3 in
Thickness required for demand treq = (SQRT((6.66*Ften*b')/(P*fu))
tensile force per bolt = 0.328 in
Thickness required to develop tc = (SQRT((6.66*Tres*b')/(P*fu))
available strength of bolt with no = 1.242 in
prying
= (b'/a') = (1-(Dh/P))
= 0.55 = 0.688
= ((1/)*((Tres/Ften)-1))
= 24.17
' = (IF(>=1,1,-((1/)*(/(1-))))
= 1
Minimum thickness tmin = 0.252 in
Result tmin<tfc Safe

Check for tension capacity of bolt including prying force:

= (IF(((1/)*(((Ften/Tres)*(tc/tfc)^2)-1))>0,((1/)*(((Ften/Tres)*(tc/tfc)^2)-1)),0)
= 0
Prying force per bolt q = (Tres*(***(tfc/tc)^2)
= 0 kip
Total tension per bolt Ta = (1.8+0)
= 1.8 kip
Result Ta<Tcap Safe

Check for bearing/ tearing capacity of clip angle:


Bearing / Tearing out BT1 = (MIN((0.5*2.4*d*t*fu),(0.5*1.2*(Lev-(Dh/2))*t*fu))
at extreme bolt = 13.59 kip
Bearing / Tearing out BT2 = (MIN((0.5*2.4*d*t*fu),((0.5*1.2*(S-Dh))*t*fu))
at intermediate bolt = 30.45 kip
Bearing / Tearing Capacity Bcap = (nc*(BT1+((nr-1)*BT2))
= 270.8 kip
Result Bcap>V Safe

Check for bearing/ tearing capacity of column flange:


Bearing / Tearing out BT1 = (MIN((0.5*2.4*d*tfc*fu),(0.5*1.2*(S-Dh)*tfc*fu))
at extreme bolt = 81.22 kip
Bearing / Tearing Capacity Bcap = (nc*(nr*BT1))
= 812.2 kip
Result Bcap>V Safe
Check for Shear Capacity of Clip Angle:
Gross shear area of clip angle Agv = (((5-1)*3)+(2*1.25))*0.5
2
= 7.25 in
Net shear area of clip angle Anv = (7.25-(5*(0.9375+(1/16)))*0.5
2
= 4.75 in
Shear Capacity of Clip Angle Vcap = (2*(MIN((0.4*7.25*36),(0.3*4.75*58)))
= 165.3 kip
Result Vcap>V Safe

Check for Shear Capacity of incoming Beam web:


Gross shear area of beam Agv = (21.4*0.5)
2
= 10.7 in
Shear Capacity of beam Vcap = (MIN((0.4*Agv*fy),(0.3*Agv*fu))
= 208.7 kip
Result Vcap>V Safe

Check for Block Shear Capacity of Clip Angle:


Gross shear area of clip angle Agv = (((5-1)*3)+1.25)*0.5
2
= 6.625 in
Net shear area of clip angle Anv = (6.625-((5-0.5)*(0.9375+(1/16)))*0.5
2
= 4.375 in
Net tension area Ant = ((L1-g)-(0.5*(Dh1+(1/16))))*t
2
= -0.55 in
Ubs = 1.0
Block Shear Capacity BVcap = (2*(MIN((0.3*Agv*fy),(0.3*Anv*fu))+(Ubs*0.5*Ant*fu))
= 111.4 kip
Result BVcap>V Safe

Check for weld between beam web and clip angle:


Length of weld Lw = (((5-1)*3)+(2*1.25))
= 14.5 in
kLw = L1-ec
= 2.5 in
k = kLw/Lw
= 0.172
xLw = (kLw^2)/((2*kLw)+Lw)
= 0.321 in
aLw = L1-xLw
= 2.679 in
Coefficients C1 = 1 (Refer Table 8-3)
Size of fillet weld per 16thof inch D = 5
Coefficients C = 1
Weld Strength Rn = 72.5 kip/in
Reduction factor for beam C3 = 1.05
web thickness
ccap = 1
Weld Design Strength Fstr = ccap*Rn
72.5 kip
Resultant Force R = (SQRT(V^2+A^2)
= 53.14 kip
Result Fstr>R Safe