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Maxwell Levkulich

Ms. Burke

Honors English 11

May 16, 2017

Annotated Bibliography: Mental Ailments

Hunsley, John H., and Eric J. Mash. "A Guide to Assessments That Work." Google

Books. Oxford University Press, n.d. Web. 16 May 2017.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder also know as PTSD is a diagnosis often given to

those who have gone through some sort of trauma and suffer from reliving the

memory in someway. PTSD originated when veterans were coming home from

the Vietnam War and had a multitude of psychological defects from the trauma

they had seen and experienced. Up until then people who had suffered from PTSD

were referred to as people with scarred memories and was not properly

understood. PTSD is know to be a chronic disorder due to the majority of those

diagnosed with it still exhibiting and experiencing symptoms five years after

diagnosed. Hunsley explains that in order to properly diagnose PTSD there needs

to be a multitude of examinations, such as: psychological questionnaires, and

psychological examination from psychiatrists, and other methods of trying to

understand the examinee. All of these different forms of diagnosis have concluded

that sixty percent of men and over fifty percent of woman have all received some

variation of PTSD, making it a global epidemic. This is result is due to the nature

of PTSD, anytime you experience something in which you react with fear and feel
at risk you are opened up to experiencing symptoms of PTSD. Throughout ones

life it is not uncommon to experience something that would cause PTSD.

Brody, Jane E. "O.C.D., a Disorder That Cannot Be Ignored." The New York

Times. The New York Times, 13 Oct. 2014. Web. 21 May 2017.

OCD stands for obsessive-compulsive disorder is a serious condition that plagues

people everyday across the world. People who live with OCD know that their

thoughts and actions aren't realistic but there is nothing that they can do to top

themselves. The reason that they do this is not for their own guilty pleasure but to

rid themselves of their anxiety for a short period of time. They keep repeating

their actions over and over to try and stop the anxiety all together but that never

works so they just keep repeating the cycle of their action in an obsessive way.

These actions give way to a doorway of struggles for the person because being so

focused on these obsessions makes it hard for them to live out their daily life and

get things done. This disease tends to have a very negative effect on the people

who have it they tend to be suicidal and not happy with their lives at all. No one

knows what really cause OCD to develop but statistics say that between one and

three percent of people will develop in in their early or young adult life. If the

patient goes with out treatment the doctors think that it is not very likely the

person will be able to get over their issues. Researches thing that it's from an

abnormality in the brain structure of the people with the disorder. Moat of the

time people with OCD end up being misdiagnosed with depression or something

else and those treatments aren't what they need to get better. When they end up
getting the right treatment 60 to 85 percent of them improve in their obsessive

ways and become happier overall. The treatments are very unique and normally

start off with an anti-anxiety stimulus, then they take medications to help them as

well. Normally they do about 30 hours of treatment a week. As the treatments go

on the patients and doctors start to see the results. The patients tart to realize that

what they are scared of doesn't actually affect them in the harmful ways that they

believe they will.

Skloot, Rebecca. The Immortal Life Of Henrietta Lacks. New York : Crown Publishers,
2010. Print.

Elsie the oldest child out of all the

Lacks children was known to have had a medical disease when she was born but

no know one had the knowledge to know exactly what it was. Later when

researchers were looking back on her records they figured out that she had

epilepsy. Epilepsy is a disease that is a neurological disorder in which the person

my fall unconscious or have seizures. Elsie was said to be very beautiful but

everyone was either fearful of her or made fun of her, even her own dad would

make fun of her saying how she was slow or had no brain up there. As Elsie got

older she was harder to handle and it seemed like her problem had gotten worse.

She seemed to be getting out of control because she kept running away or up and

down the street. She would make these noises at people because she didnt know

or understand how to talk. It was like her mind was forever stuck as a child even

though her body grew older and mature. It was also aid that she had other medical

issues as well but we cannot say for sure. As Henrietta's condition got worse she
knew she couldn't take care of Elsie anymore so she decided that the best thing to

do for her was send her to Crownsville. Crownsville was a mental institution for

blacks, Elsie was treated very poorly there and when Henrietta went to visit her

she could see Elsie degrading. Elsie was only happy when her mother came to see

her at Crownsville she would coo and make noises at her because that was all she

knew how to do. Elsie ended up dying there at Crownsville it was not a good time

they were getting over crowded and dint have any room. Henrietta's family found

her records years later when they were looking to find out more about Elsie and

what really happened to her.

Nordqvist, Christian. "Schizophrenia: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments." Medical

News Today. MediLexicon International, n.d. Web. 22 May 2017.

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that causes hallucinations and delusions the

person that is dealing with its effects. You can usually start seeing signs of this

mental ailment when you are between sixteen and thirty which is a wide range of

time. It ranges between different people of when they start to notice symptoms, some

it could be years before they realize they have it. While others on the other hand it

just hits them very suddenly. Studies show that about 1 percent of adults today have

been diagnosed with schizophrenia. Doctors say that Schizophrenia isn't just one

simple disease they say that it is a bunch of different mental diseases all balled up

together in one. There a different kinds of symptoms for people when being

diagnosed with schizophrenia. There are positive, negative, cognitive, and emotional
symptoms, and none of them are good. Some major symptoms that fall under these

four categories are thought disorder, lack of motivation, social withdraw and poor

expression of their emotions. Schizophrenia isn't cause by just one thing researchers

believe that there are multiple different causes of this horrid disease for example one

is by inheriting the disease from your mother or fathers genes. Other ways include

environmental factors, chemical imbalances in the brain, and even drugs like LSD

and marijuana can cause you to relapse into schizophrenia ways. There are ways to

treat this though and normally most people have benefitted from the treatments they

receive. The treatments consist of a combination of things like different medications

and counseling. Even though the treatments help the people fallen victim of this

disease have to deal with the symptoms for the rest of their lives.

Nordqvist, Christian. "Anorexia Nervosa: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments." Medical

News Today. MediLexicon International, n.d. Web. 22 May 2017.

Anorexia Nervosa is a serious medical condition where the person who has it sees

their body as distorted and fat or obese and so therefore they reduce their eating

habits by a large amount or just stop eating all together. A lot of people confuse

anorexia with anorexia nervosa, which is a big mistake because the two are very

different. Anorexia is just the loss of ones appetite while Anorexia Nervosa is an

actual life threatening illness. This illness normally starts to occur during a persons

teen or earl adult years of life and has very negative affects on the person. It makes a

person very depressed and suicidal this illness is the top tree chronic illnesses for
teens today. When researches look for a cause for this illness they cannot just pin

point it to one certain cause there are many different causes and some people are

more susceptible to it than others. Environmental factors are one of the major ones,

because as children hit puberty their body changes and some aren't happy with them.

Also they could get bullied for how they look as well so this is what they resort to

and it is not healthy at all. Another factor is biological factors; researches found that

people with this disorder have a chemical imbalance in their brain with their

digestive chemicals. There are many symptoms of anorexia nervosa that are easy to

over look like cold hands and feet, dry skin and bloated stomach. These are just

common everyday things anyone could have at anytime, but there are more sever

symptoms as well. For example extreme weight loss, and loss of hair and also low

blood sugar. There are ways to treat anorexia nervosa like medication and a lot of

counseling to help the person get back in the right mindset and show them that what

they are dong to themselves isn't healthy at all and try and change the way they think.

When prescribing a drug there is not a specific one for this disease but normally anti-

depressants or OCD drugs help. People need o realize that this is a serious illness and

not something to joke about because it is affecting peoples lives in a negative way

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