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TOPIC 9 : NUTRITION

STRUCTURE QUESTIONS

1. The above diagram shows the human digestive system.

a) Name the parts labelled P, Q, R and S.

P :

Q :

R :

S :

b) i) What is produced by part Q?


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ii) Based on the answer in (b)(i), state one of its functions.


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c) i) Which part does digestion ends?
.

ii) State the action of the enzyme in the answer (c)(i).


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2. a) i) Define balanced diet.


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ii) State three reasons the importance of balanced diet.


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b) i) State three factors that determine the energy requirement of a


person.
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ii) State who needs more energy between two people where one of
them has bigger size and give your reason.
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.

3. a) State the composition of carbohydrate.


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b) i) List three types of carbohydrate.


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ii) List three examples of food which is rich in carbohydrates.


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iii) State three functions of the food mentioned in (b)(i).
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c) Explain the importance of carbohydrate to human body.


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d) Compare fat and carbohydrates of the same weight in terms of the amount
of energy produced by them.
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OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

1. The following are functions of protein except it


A insulates the body.
B helps the body to grow and maintain it.
C helps in cell repair.
D aids in enzyme production.

2.

Which of the following vitamin helps to build strong bones and teeth?
A vitamin A
B vitamin B
C vitamin C
D vitamin D

3. Which classes of food in table play an important role in maintaining and


sustaining good health?
Class X Class Y
A Fats Water
B Carbohydrates Fats
C Vitamins Mineral salts
D Fibre Water

4.

The above diagram shows a food pyramid. Level X indicates foods that should
be taken sparingly. The type of food are as below except
A beans.
B salts.
C sugar.

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D oils.

5. Types of food Function


P To prevent constipation
Q Helps the body to grow and maintain it
R Insulates the body
S Metabolism for strong bones and teeth

The above table shows the different classes of food labelled P, Q, R and S and
their functions. What represent P, Q, R and S?
P Q R S
A Calcium Fat Protein Fibre
B Fibre Protein Fat Calcium
C Fat Fibre Calcium Protein
D Protein Calcium Fibre Fat

6. The main function of the following help in the formation of strong bones and teeth
except
A phosphorous.
B vitamin D.
C calcium.
D iron.

7. Which of the affects of insufficient intake of vitamins is true?


I Vitamin D - Bone softening
II Vitamin C Pellagra
III Vitamin A - Production of blood clotting
A I, II, III
B I, II
C II, III
D I only

8. The amount of energy required by an individual depends on its


I gender
II occupation
III size
A I, II, III
B I, II
C II, III
D I only

9. We need food to
I enable us to carry out our daily activities.
II provide our body with essentials for healthy living.
III build new cells in our body.

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A I, II, III
B I, II
C II, III
D I only

10. The breaking apart of fats into fatty acids and glycerol is called
A hydrolysis.
B emulsification.
C assimilation.
D synthesis.

11. The first part of the small intestine is known as


A oesophagus
B mouth
C appendix
D duodenum

12.

The above diagram shows a particle of food being moved along the human
digestive tract by relaxation and contraction of the muscular walls of the
oesophagus. This movement is called _______.
A circulation
B osmosis
C peristalsis
D force

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13.

Glucose and amino acid are normally absorved into the circulatory system by
structure ______.
A E
B F
C G
D H

14. Some parts of digestive system and their functions are shown. Which pair is
matched correctly?
Part Function
I Duodenum Digestion of starch
II Anus Expels faeces
III Liver Digestion of protein
A I, II, III
B I, II
C II, III
D I only

15. The process of breaking down large molecules of food substances into small
diffusible molecules is called
A digestion.
B absorption.
C assimilation.
D defecation.

16. Which substances in the small intestine increase the surface area for absorption
of digested food?
A Villi

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B Blood vessels
C Blood capillaries
D Lymphatic vessels

17. Which of the following statement/s is/are true about oesophagus?


I Digests starch to maltose
II Connects mouth and stomach
III Peristalsis process takes place over here.
A I, II, III
B I, II
C II, III
D I only

18.

An experiment is carried out as shown in the above diagram. After 30 minutes, it


is tested that only glucose is presence in the water. It shows that
A starch molecules are smaller than visking tube molecules.
B glucose molecules are larger than starch molecules.
C glucose molecules are smaller than visking tube molecules.
D starch molecules are smaller than glucose molecules.

19. At the end of the human digestion system, food with the most simple form is
absorbed through
A duodenum
B bile duct
C large intestine
D small intestine

20. Which of the following does not take place in the small intestine?
I Chemical digestion

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II Absorption
III Defecation
A I, II, III
B I, II
C II, III
D I only

21. What is the main function of big intestine?


A To reabsorb water
B To expell undigested food
C To absorb digested food into bloodstream
D To provide enzyme for the final food digestion

22. Below shows the health problems matched to the lack of consumption of certain
nutrients. Which is matched incorrectly?
Lack of nutrient Health problem
I Vitamins High blood pressure
II Roughage Constipation
III Protein Kwashiorkor
A I, II, III
B I, II
C II, III
D I only

23. Choose from the following eating habits that can cause health problems.
A Take well-balanced diet
B Take fresh food
C Take a lot of meat
D Take enough vitamins

24. Which of the following is/are true about the absorption of end products of
digestion?
I It ends in big intestine.
II Absorbs by villi.
III The absorbed digested food is carried to all the cells of the body.
A I, II, III
B I, II
C II, III
D I only

25. If someone always fall sick, he or she is most probably lack of


A vitamin

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B protein
C roughage
D fat

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