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SUMMARY OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR

World War II is the period between September 1, 1939 when Germany


began the invasion of Poland and September 2, 1945 when Japan
officially signed the unconditional surrender after the atomic bombing
of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
It divided the world into two main belligerent camps or forces, the
Axis block formed by Germany, Italy and Japan and the Allied bloc
with the United Kingdom and France to which during the war Soviet
Union and United States joined.
CAUSES
World War I and resolution of the Treaty of Versailles that punishes
in excess to Germany.
Global socioeconomic crisis after the "Crack of the 29" that
motivates the rise to power of the Nazi Party in Germany led by
Adolf Hitler.
Expansionary foreign policy of Adolf Hitler's government invading
Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland.
DEVELOPMENT OF WAR
Start. On 1 September 1939 German troops invaded Poland and
the United Kingdom and France declared war on Germany. A period
called "War of Joke" begins in which the two sides mobilize troops
but there are still no warlike confrontations or battles.
German offensive. Once conquered Austria, Czechoslovakia and
Poland, Hitler reorganizes its troops to begin the invasion of France
and the colonization of North Africa aided by the Italian troops of
Benito Mussolini. The strategy of German combat called War
Lightning surprises the French defenses and it destroys them.
France is in German power by 1940 and Hitler tries unsuccessfully
to conquer United Kingdom and Russia with the operations Sea
Lion and Barbarossa. Both fail.
USSR enters the war. The Soviet Union led by Stalin had signed
a non-aggression pact with Germany in 1939, however Hitler
breaks the pact and with Operation Barbarossa initiates the
invasion of Russia. Stalin declares war on Germany and launches
Red Army against German troops. The USSR joins the allied side.
The United States enters the war. Japan, ally of Germany and
Italy, attacks the bay of Pearl Harbor where the US has located
much of its fleet in the Pacific. The attack involves the declaration
of war from the United States to Japan and therefore to its ally
Germany. From now on, America, which until now had remained
neutral, supports the side of the Allies.
Allied counteroffensive. With the new support of the USSR and
the US, the allied side is capable of attacking Germany on
numerous fronts, which forces Hitler and his commanders to wear
out and makes it necessary to send supplies on many fronts.
Supplies do not arrive in the right way and the Wehrmacht begins
to lose battles and territories until now in German power. The
landing of Normandy and the Battle of Stalingrad are two key
victories of the allies that suppose the reconquest of France and
the defeat of Germany in Russia.
End of the war. Germany defeated on all fronts begins to retreat
to the capital Berlin, the numerical superiority and resources of the
Allies make impossible any German reaction. Hitler is locked in the
Fhrerbunker of Berlin and finally commits suicide the 30 of April of
1945, Germany stops the attacks 8 of May of that same year. The
Pacific War between the US and Japan concludes with the atomic
bombing of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Emperor Hirohito
signs the unconditional surrender on September 2, 1945.
CONSEQUENCES
1. The US and the USSR are divided territories and are the two great
world powers, divide the world into two blocks, one capitalist and
another communist.
2. Economic and social crisis in Europe. 62 million dead and 6 million
homes destroyed.
3. European countries cease to be world powers and lose their
colonies.