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Group Members......

Bhargab Bhuyan. (4)

Priyanka Bharali. (7)
Plaban Bharadwaj. (16)
Jayashree Patgiri. (27) (Group leader)
Robin Debnath. (29)
Paramita Karmakar(46)
About East India Company.
Its formation.
Foothold in India.
Military expansion
Financial crisis.
In this presentation we are going to make you more
familiar to the English East India Company. We will
try to show you their history like- how it was formed,
how it became and important part of our Indian
history and so on. We hope that after this
presentation everyone of you will be able to tell or give
a very good idea about the English East India
Company. Now lets start our presentation. Hope you
will enjoy...
About English East India
The East India Company (EIC), originally chartered as
the Governor and Company of Merchants of London
trading into the East Indies, and more properly called
the Honourable East India Company, was an English
and later British joint-stock company formed for pursuing
trade with the East Indies but which ended up trading
mainly with the Indian subcontinent, North-west frontier
province and Baluchistan. Its success in extracting
concessions from native rulers eventually led to its de facto
control over much of modern India between 1757 and 1858.
East India
East India Company
Its formatIon.
The Company was granted a Royal Charter by Queen
Elizabeth in 1600, making it the oldest among several
similarly formed European East India Companies.
Shares of the company were owned by wealthy
merchants and aristocrats. The government owned no
shares and had only indirect control. The Company
eventually came to rule large areas of India with its
own private armies, exercising military power and
assuming administrative functions
Queen Elizabeth 1 granted permission to trade with
India, through a charter.
Sir James
commanded the
first East India
voyage in 1601.
Foothold in India.
Company rule in India effectively began in 1757 after
the Battle of Plassey The Company achieved a major
victory over the Portuguese in the Battle of Swally in
1612.In 1612, James I instructed Sir Thomas Roe to
visit the Mughal Emperor Nuruddin Salim Jahangir to
arrange for a commercial treaty that would give the
Company exclusive rights to reside and build factories
in Surat and other areas. In return, the Company
offered to provide the Emperor with goods and rarities
from the European market. They also received special
privileges from the Mughal emperors in form of
Jahangir investing a courtier with
a robe of honour watched by Sir The Red Dragon fought the
Thomas Roe, English ambassador Portuguese at the Battle of
to the court of Jahangir at Agra Swally in 1612, and made several
from 161518. voyages to the East Indies.
The East India Company launched a joint effort attack
with the Dutch United East India Company on
Portuguese and Spanish ships off the coast of China,
which helped secure their ports in China. The
Company created trading posts in Surat, Madras,
Bombay , and Calcutta . By 1647, the Company had 23
factories, and had 90 employees in India. The major
factories became the walled forts of Fort William in
Bengal, Fort St George in Madras, and the Bombay
In 1634, the Mughal emperor extended his hospitality
to the English traders to the region of Bengal, and in
1717 completely waived customs duties for the trade.
The company's mainstay businesses were by then in
cotton, silk, indigo dye, saltpetre and tea.
In an act aimed at strengthening the power of the EIC,
King Charles II provisioned the EIC with the rights to
autonomous territorial acquisitions, to mint money, to
command fortresses and troops and form alliances, to
make war and peace, and to exercise both civil and
criminal jurisdiction over the acquired areas.
Military expansion.
Robert Clive led company forces against Siraj Ud Daulah, the
last independent Nawab of Bengal to victory at Battle of
plassey in 1757, resulting in the conquest of Bengal.
The gradual weakening of the Marathas in the aftermath of
the three Anglo-Maratha wars, the British also secured
Ganges-Jumna Doab, the Delhi-Agra region etc.
Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan, the rulers of Mysore, offered
much resistance to the British forces. Mysore finally fell to the
Company forces in 1799, with the death of Tipu Sultan.
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 were a period of consolidation
for the Company, which began to function more as a nation
and less as a trading concern.
Army of East India Company...
was the last
ruler of Bengal.
The Mughal Emperor
Shah Alam II, who
with his allies fought
against the East India
Company during his
early years (1760
Financial crisis.
Though the Company was becoming increasingly bold
and ambitious in putting down resisting states, it was
getting clearer that the Company was incapable of
governing the vast expanse of the captured territories.
The Bengal famine of 1770, in which one-third of the
local population died, causing distress in Britain.
The Bengal
Famine of
Coins issued by EIC...
The East India Company has had a long lasting impact
on the Indian Subcontinent.
Its armies after 1857 were to become the armies of
British India and it played a key role in introducing
English as an official language in India.
The East India Company introduced a system of
merit-based appointments that provided a model for
the British and Indian civil service.
Therefore, the British entered India as traders but they
succeeded in establishing an empire. They ruled India
for almost 200 years which finally ended on 15th August
1947. The British completely drained the wealth and
other resources of the Indian subcontinent.
Arrival of the Win over Indian
British in 1600 Became the de
rulers in battles facto rulers of
for trade like Battle of different places
through a Plassey, Battle of and gained control
charter signed Buxar etc. over territories.
by Q. Elizabeth.

Saw a field for Established the

Granted securing a British Empire
permission for political and and ruled India
trade in India. territorial for almost 200
future in India years.