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5/6/2017

Anti­phasedomain­Wikipedia

Anti­phasedomain

FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Anantiphasedomain(APD)isatypeofcrystallographicdefectinwhichtheatomsinaregionofacrystalare configuredintheoppositeordertothoseintheperfectlatticesystem.Inotherwords,anAPDisaregionformed fromantisitedefectsofaparentlattice.Crucially,crystalsoneithersideofanantiphasedomainboundaryare relatedbyatranslation,ratherthanareflection(acrystaltwin)oraninversion(aninversiondomain).Ingeneral, APDsformantiphaseboundaries(APBs)withtheparentlattice.Confusionbetweeninversiondomainsand antiphasedomainsiscommon,eveninthepublishedliterature,andparticularlyinthecaseofGaAsgrownon silicon.(SimilardefectsforminGaNonsilicon,wheretheyarecorrectlyidentifiedasinversiondomains).An exampleisillustratedinthediagrambelow. [1]

exampleisillustratedinthe diagram below. [ 1 ]

Figure1.Highlightedareashowinganinversiondomain,incorrectlycalledanantiphasedomain,inGaAsonSi.

Theshadedregion,B,isanexampleofanAPD.Inthefigure,GaAsisgrownonamisorientedsurfaceofSi (detailsarenotdiscussedhere).ThemisorientationcausestheGaandAsatomsinregionBtobeonoppositesites

comparedtothecrystalmatrix.ThepresenceoftheAPDresultsinGasites1,1’,2,2’,3,3’beingbondedtoGa

atomsintheAPDtoformanAPB.

5/6/2017

Anti­phasedomain­Wikipedia

Inmixedoxidationstatematerialslikemagnetite,antiphasedomainsandantiphasedomainboundariescan occurasaresultofcharge­orderingeventhoughtherearenochangesinatomlocations. [2] Forexample,the reconstructedmagnetite(100)surfacecontainsalternatingFe II pairsandFe III pairsinthefirstsubsurfacelayer. [2] AnantiphasedomainboundarycanformiftwosubsurfaceFe II pairsmeetwhentwoterracesgrowtogether. [2]

Footnotes

1.Althoughthejournalpapercitedbelowemphasizesself­annihilationofAPBs,thepicturewastakenasanillustrationof

anAPD

2.Parkinson,G.S.;Manz,T.A.;Novotny,Z.;Sprunger,P.T.;Kurtz,R.L.;Schmid,M.;Sholl,D.S.;Diebold,U.(2012).

"AntiphasedomainboundariesattheFe3O4(001)surface".Phys.Rev.B.85(19):195450:1–7.

References

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