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AMS LECTURE-19

1. A bronze liner of 6 cm external diameter is to be shrunk on a steel rod of 4.5 cm diameter. Calculate
the maximum radial pressure between liner and rod if the maximum stress in the liner is limited to
1,200 kg/cm2, also the difference between the liners bore and shaft diameter before shrinking.
E for steel and bronze 2.1106 and 106 kg/cm2 respectively. Poissons ratio 0.3 for both steel and
bronze. (Lond. Univ.)

Solution:-
Given data:
= = . , = = . & = = , =
=
= / ,
, :
= =
For liner the maximum stress occurs at inner surface, and it is the hoop stress at inner surface of the
liner.
= /
Consider the liner
We know that

" " = & " " = +

= = . , = =

& = = , = =

= + ( )
.

= ( )

( )& ( ) = , & =

On putting the value of &

= . , = = = = /
.

, :
= = / = = /

Longitudinal stress in both steel rod and liner are zero: ( = = )


Hoop strain in bronze liner " "
= [ + ( )] = [ + . ]= .

Increase in internal diameter of liner = . . = .

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AMS LECTURE-19

Hoop strain in steel rod " "


= [ + ( )] = [ + . ]= .
.

Decrease in internal diameter of liner = . . = .


Net difference in diameter = + = .

2. A steel cylinder 16 cm external diameter and 12 cm internal diameter has another cylinder 20 cm
external diameter shrunk on to it. If the maximum tensile stress induced in the outer cylinder is 800
kg/cm2, find the radial compressive stress between the cylinders.
Determine the circumferential stresses at inner and outer diameters of both cylinders and show,
by means of a diagram, how these stresses vary with the radius. Calculate the necessary shrinkage
allowance at the common surface. E =2106 kg/cm2. (Lond. Univ.)

Solution:-
Given data:
= = , = = & = = , =
=
= / ,

Consider case (a) :- The cylinders are subjected to shrinkage pressure at interface only

The outer cylinder subjected to inner pressure " "

We know that

" " = & " " = +

= = , = = =

& = = , = =

= ( )

= + ( )

( )& ( ) = , & =

On putting the value of &

= , = = + = . /

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AMS LECTURE-19

& = = , = = = = = . /

The inner cylinder subjected to outer pressure " "

We know that

" " = & " " = +

= = , = =

& = = , = = =

= ( )

. = ( )

( )& ( ) = . , & = .

On putting the value of &

= = , = = + = . /

& = , = = + = . /

Inner cylinder Value Nature Outer Cylinder Value Nature


0 comp . / comp
. / comp 0 comp
. / comp / tensile
. / comp . / tensile

In both the cylinders = 0 (i.e = = 0)

Hoop strain in inner surface of outer cylinder " "


= [ + ( )] = [ + . ]

Increase in internal diameter of liner = [ + . ]

Hoop strain in outer surface of inner cylinder " "
= [ + ( )] = [ . + . ]

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AMS LECTURE-19

Decrease in internal diameter of liner = [ . . ]



Net difference in diameter = +
= [ + . ]+ [ . . ]

.
= = .

Hoop stress distribution diagram:

3. A cylinder consists of an outer tube of internal and external diameters 16 cm and 18 cm respectively
shrunk on to an inner tube of internal and external diameters 8 cm and 16.01 cm respectively. The
internal pressure developed in the cylinder is 3,000 kg/cm2. If E =2106 kg/cm2, find the maximum
hoop stress developed in each tube. (Engineering Services, 1957)

Solution:-
Given data:
= = , = = & = = , =
=

Difference in diameter =16.01 16 =0.01cm

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AMS LECTURE-19

= /

Consider case (a) :- The cylinders are subjected to shrinkage pressure at interface only

The inner cylinder subjected to outer pressure " "

We know that

" " = & " " = +

= , = = =

& = = , = =

= ( )

= ( )

( )& ( )

= = = =

On putting the value of &

= , = = + = /

& = = , = = + = /

The outer cylinder subjected to inner pressure " "

We know that

" " = & " " = +

= = , = =

& = = , = = =

= ( )

= ( )

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AMS LECTURE-19
( )& ( )

= = = =

On putting the value of &

= = , = = + =

& = = , = = + =

Inner cylinder Value Nature Outer Cylinder Value Nature


0 comp comp
comp 0 comp
comp tensile

comp tensile

Hoop strain in inner surface of outer cylinder " "

= [ + ( )] = +

Increase in internal diameter of liner = +

Hoop strain in outer surface of inner cylinder " "

= [ + ( )] = +

Decrease in internal diameter of liner =


Net difference in diameter = + = .
=> + + = .


=> = .

.
=> = = . /

Inner cylinder Value in / Nature Outer Cylinder Value in / Nature

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AMS LECTURE-19

0 comp . comp
. comp 0 comp
. comp 1045.706 tensile
. comp 923.106 tensile

Consider case (b) :- The compound cylinders is considered as a single cylinder and
subjected to internal fluid pressure pf only

The cylinder subjected to internal fluid pressure " "

We know that

" " = & " " = +

= = , = = =

& = = , = =

= = ( )

= ( )

&

= = . = = .

On putting the value of &

= = = = = = = . /

= , = = + = . /

& = , = = + = . /

= , = = + = . /

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AMS LECTURE-19

= , = = + = . /

Inner cylinder Value Nature Outer Cylinder Value Nature


in /
.
. 0
. .
. .

c. Determination of resultant stresses in all cylinders considering stresses in above two.

Due to Shrinkage Due to internal fluid Resultant stresses


pressure ( ) =
Inner cylinder ( ) =
Inner Value Nature Inner Value Nature Resultant Value Nature
cylinder cylinder stress
0 C C ( ) 3000 C
. C . C ( ) 318.755 C
. T . T ( ) 4149.99 T
. T . T ( ) 1468.745 T
Outer cylinder
Outer Value Nature Outer Value Nature Resultant Value Nature
cylinder cylinder stress
. C . C ( ) 318.755 C
0 C 0 C ( ) 0 C
1045.706 T . T ( ) 2718.781 T
923.106 T . T ( ) 2400.026 T

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