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Herbert George Wells

(1866-1946)

H. G. Wells life

H. G. Wells was born at


Bromley, Kent into a modest lower middle
class family. He was the fourth and the last
child of the family.
His father Joseph Wells was a
domestic gardener, a shopkeeper and a
professional cricketer and his wife, Sarah
Wells worked as a housekeeper.
In 1874 H. G. Wells broke his
leg which left him bedridden. To pass
easily the time, he start reading books
brings by his father from the local librabry.
H. G. Wells

Learning quite early in his life, he


managed to get employment in a drapers store
before becoming a pupil-teacher at a college of
science.

He earned a degree from University of


London in science.

He dedicated a large part of his energies


to professional writing (biology) and fiction
writing. From biology and applied medicine he
passed on sociology, socialism trying to improve
the human condition.

H. G. Wells first published work was a


Text-book of Biology in two volumes.
H. G. Wells
Modern novelist

In Wells vision a modern world is one in which he described a new unity, a

new republic, a new world organism.

H. G. Wells was a figure which invoke the modern period under review. He is
best known for a group of popular scientific romances that appeared in last years of
the nineteenth century and for works of social realism .

Wells modenist thinking takes the form of a clear rejuction of tradition and
the past.

A work which show Wells modern trends is Anticipations, a collection of


predictions such as globalisation, urbanisation presenting the ability of the author
to predict the trajectory of history and the problem its might cause.
H. G. Wells
Literary activity

a) Novels

- fantastic and imaginative romances: The Time Machine (1895), The Wonderful Visit
(1895), The Invisible Man (1898), The War of the Worlds (1898), The First Men in the
Moon (1901)

-novel of character and humour: The History of Mr Polly (1910), Tono-Bungay (1909), The
Story of a Simple Soul (1905)

-discussion novel or novel of ideas: An Englishman Looks at the World ( 1914), Mankind
in the Making (1903), God, the Invisible King (1917)

b) Short Stories

- The Stollen Bacillus and Other Incidents (1895), The Country of the Blind and Other
Stories (1911)
H. G. Wells
Literary activity
c) Philosophy

- A Modern Utopia (1905), New Worlds for Old (1908), Experiment in Autobiography (1934),

d) Essays and Studies

- Anticipations (1902), The Misery of Boots (1907), The Science of Life (1929)

e)History

- The Outline of History (1919)

f) Articles

- The Man of the Year Million (1893), The Sun God and the Holy Stars (1894), Intelligent on Mars
(1896)

g) Story collection

- The Red Room (1896), A Cure For Love (1899), Short Stories by H. G. Wells (1940), Seven
Stories (1953)
H. G. Wells
Main works

Today, Wells is best remembered for his science fiction novels, and is called the father of

science fiction.

One of his notable work is The Time Machine (1895).

Another notable works:

The Invisible Man

The Island of Doctor Moreau

The War of the Worlds

The First Men in the Moon

The Shape of Things to Come


The Time Machine
by H. G. Wells

The Time Machine is a science fiction


novel by H. G. Wells, published in 1895
for the first time.
A dreamer obsessed with traveling
through time which builds himself a time
machine and, much to his surprise, travels
over 800,000 years into the future. The
world has been transformed with a society
living in apparent harmony and bliss, but
as the Traveler stays in this world of the
future he discovers a hidden barbaric and
depraved subterranean class. Wellss
commentary on the capitalist society was
an instant bestseller and launched the time-
travel genre.
The Invisible Man
by H. G. Wells

The Invisible Man (1897) is one of the


most famous science fiction novels of all
time.
Written by H.G. Wells (1866-1946), it
tells the story of a scientist who discovers
the secret of invisibility and uses it on
himself. The story begins as the Invisible
Man, with a bandaged face and a heavy
coat and gloves, takes a train to lodge in a
country, while he tries to discover the
antidote and make himself visible again.
The Island of Doctor Moreau
by H. G. Wells

The Island of Doctor Moreau is an 1896 science fiction


novel written by H. G. Wells, addressing ideas of society
and community, human nature and identity, religion.

In The Island of Dr. Moreau, a shipwrecked gentleman


named Edward Prendick, stranded on a Pacific island lorded
over by the notorious Dr. Moreau, confronts dark secrets,
strange creatures, and a reason to run for his life.

While this tale was intended to be a commentary on


evolution, divine creation, and the tension between human
nature and culture, modern readers familiar with genetic
engineering will marvel at Wellss prediction of the ethical
issues raised by producing smarter human beings or
bringing back extinct species.
The First Men in the Moon
by H. G. Wells

The First Men in the Moon is a scientific


romance published in 1901 by the English
author H. G. Wells, who called it one of his
"fantastic stories.
The novel tells the story of a journey to
the moon undertaken by the two protagonists,
a businessman narrator, Mr. Bedford, and an
eccentric scientist, Mr. Cavor. Bedford and
Cavor discover that the moon is inhabited by a
sophisticated extraterrestrial civilization of
insect-like creatures they call "Selenites".
The Shape of Things to Come
by H. G. Wells

The Shape of Things to Come is a work of science fiction


by H. G. Wells, published in 1933, which speculates on
future events from 1933 until the year 2106. In the book,
a world state is established as the solution to humanity's
problems.

H. G. Wells predicted that WWII would begin when


Germany invaded Poland, though he put the date as
January, 1940. As Wells saw it, the devastating
international conflict would lead to a period of warlord
politics and an alienated populace suffering from
wandering sickness, but just, utopian society would
eventually evolve. In the last passages of the novel
Wells describes how man has finally learned how to
catch and domesticate the ego at an early stage and train
it for purposes greater than itself.
The War of the Worlds

H. G. Wells wrote The War of the


Worlds in 1898, when there was much
speculation about life on the planet Mars.
The book is considered to be one of the
first science fiction novels.
In the story, an English gentleman
narrates the events about the martians
invasion.
The novel is split into two books:
Book 1 The Coming of the
Martians
Book 2 The Earth Under the
Martians.
References

Ciocoi-Pop, Dumitru. (1999). Notes on modern British Literature. Sibiu.


Editura Societatii Academice Anglofone din Romania
European Modernism and the Information Society. Informing the Present,
Understanding the Past. Edited by W. Boyd Rayward
Adam Charles Roberts (2000), "The History of Science Fiction In Science
Fiction, Routledge
Jacques Sadoul(1997), Istoria SF-ului Modern (1911-1984), Bucuresti,
Editura Vremea
Wells, Geoffrey H. (1925). The Works of H. G. Wells. London: Routledge.

H. G. Wells Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=536017716


J. D. Beresford, Writers of the day..G. H. Wells. London.
H. G. Wells,(1898) The War of the Worlds . London. Heinemann