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Name: Marichou S.

Licuanan Date: May 6, 2017

ASSIGNMENT IN EDUCATIONAL STATISTICS

MEAN MEDIAN MODE FORMULA

The Mean, Median and Mode are the arithmetic average of a data set. This is
found by adding the numbers in a data set and dividing by how many
numbers there are. The median is the middle number in a data set when the
numbers are listed in either ascending or descending order. The mode is the
value that occurs the most often in a data set, and the range is the
difference between the highest and lowest values in a data set.

The Mean

x=xNx=xN

Here,
represents the summation
X represents scores
N represents number of scores.
The Median

If the total number of numbers(n) is an odd number, then the formula is


given below:

Median=(n+1n)thterm

If the total number of the numbers(n) is an even number, then the formula is
given below:

Median = (n2)th term + (n2+1)th term 2

The Mode

The mode is the most frequently occurring score or value.


SOLVED EXAMPLES

Question: Find the mean, median, mode, and range for the following list of
values: 13, 18, 13, 14, 13, 16, 14, 21, 13

Solution:

Given sequence: 13, 18, 13, 14, 13, 16, 14, 21, 13

The mean is the usual average, so:

13+18+13+14+13+16+14+21+139=1513+18+13+14+13+16+14+21+139=15
Note that the mean isnt a value from the original list. This is a common
result. You should not assume that your mean will be one of your original
numbers.

The median is the middle value, so to rewrite the list in order:

13, 13, 13, 13, 14, 14, 16, 18, 21

There are nine numbers in the list, so the middle one will be

9+12=102=59+12=102=5
= 5th number, So the median is 14

The mode is the number that is repeated more often than any other, so 13 is
the mode.
The largest value in the list is 21, and the smallest is 13, so the range is 21
13 = 8.
mean: 15
median: 14
mode: 13
range: 8

Mean or Average
Mean or average, in theory, is the sum of all the elements of a set divided by the
number of elements in the set. Mean could be treated as a collaborative property of the
whole set of values. You can get a fairly good idea about the whole set of data by
calculating its mean. Thus the formula for mean will become.

Mean = Sum of all the set elements / Number of elements

The importance of mean lies in its ability to summarize the whole dataset with a single
value. For example, you may want to compare the average household income of
County 1 to County 2. To compare the household incomes between the two counties
you cannot compare each and every household income of one county to the other. The
best solution would be to find the average household incomes of the two counties and
then compare them with each other. By comparing the two means, we may make an
assumption as to which county is more prosperous than the other.

Median
Simply put: Median is the middle value of a set. So, if a set consists of odd number of
sets, then the middle value is the median of the set, and if the set consists of an even
number of sets, then the median is the average of the two middle values. The median
may be used to separate a set of data into two parts.

To find the median of a set, all one needs to do is to write the elements of the set in
increasing order and find the number of elements then finally find the median. Median
can prove to be a very useful property in case of any outliers in the dataset. An outlier is
nothing but a very huge aberration in the values specified in the set. For example, if a
set consists of values: 1, 2, 3, 4, 10000, then the value 10000 is an outlier. Outliers can
make mean values deeply flawed. For example, the mean of the above set is
10010/5=2002 and the median is 3. Thus, we can definitely say that the median most
properly summaries the set, better than the mean. You can learn some more about the
various statistics formulas and become well acquainted with the topic.
Mode
The mode in a dataset is the value that is most frequent in a dataset. Like mean and
median, mode is also used to summarize a set with a single piece of information. For
example, the mode of the dataset S = 1,2,3,3,3,3,3,4,4,4,5,5,6,7, is 3 since it occurs the
maximum number of times in the set S.

An important property of mode is that it is equal to the value of mean and median in the
case of a normal distribution. In other distributions or skewed distributions the value of
mode may differ from the two. In normal distributions the data is symmetrical to a
central value. A normal distribution curve is a curve that is symmetrical to an axis.
Another important property of normal distributions is that half of the values in the set are
larger than the mean and half are smaller