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1830 Photonic Service Switch (PSS)-36/64

R4.0 Overview
Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

TOP54065W
Issue 1.0
September 2011

<COURSEPARTNUMBER> Issue 0.1


Release 1.0 By the end of the course, you will be able to:
July 2009
Describe the 1830 PSS product family
Explain the 1830 PSS-36/64 network topology applications
Describe the 1830 PSS-36/64 key features
Explain the functional parts of the 1830 PSS-36/64
Describe the 1830 PSS-36/64 hardware architecture

Proprietary - Use pursuant to Company instructions -All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011

Welcome to the course 1830 Photonic Service Switch (PSS)-36/64 R4.0 Overview.
This course provides an introduction to the Alcatel-Lucent 1830 Photonic Service Switch-36/64, covering
equipment functions and system capabilities.
[1] By the end of the course, you will be able to [2] describe the 1830 PSS product family and [3] explain the
1830 PSS-36/64 network topology applications.
You will be able to [4] describe the key features of the 1830 PSS-36/64, [5] explain its functional parts and [6]
the hardware architecture.
This course is intended for network planners, engineers and others who need an overview about applications,
features and hardware of the 1830 PSS-36/64.
This training is a prerequisite for the instructor led training Operation and Maintenance.

All rights reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2007


Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its
contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel-
Lucent

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Course outline

1830 PSS-36/64
R4.0 Overview
* Product family
* Network applications
* Key functions &
features
* System
architecture
* Hardware
description
* Summary

This course 1830 PSS-36/64 Overview contains four parts:


[1] The lesson Product family gives an introduction to the 1830 PSS product family.
[2] A general survey of the applications of the 1830 PSS-36/64 is provided in lesson Network applications.
[4] In lesson Key functions and features you will get an idea of the main features of the 1830 PSS-36/64.
[5] An overview about the functional components such as the control system architecture and the agnostic
matrix is provided in lesson System architecture.
[6] Details about the hardware like rack and shelf configuration are provided in lesson Hardware description.
It also gives an overview about the available line interfaces.
[7] The last lesson provides a Summary of the main topics of this course.

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1 1830 PSS Product Family
Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

You will learn in this lesson


what the 1830 PSS product family is

Proprietary - Use pursuant to Company instructions -All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011

1830 PSS product family


[1] In this lesson you will learn what the Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS product family is.

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Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS family

1830 PSS-1 1830 PSS-4

Access

1830 PSS-16 1830 PSS-32 1830 PSS-36 1830 PSS-64

The Alcatel-Lucent 1830 Photonic Service Switch family is a multi-reach photonic platform that has been built for
flexible and automated Wavelength Division Multiplexing networking. It provides a converged transparent
transport network for all clients, including legacy SDH/SONET and Packet.
The 1830 PSS family offers scalable product size variants from access to core networks. All its network elements
are managed by a common network management.
[1] The Zero-Touch Photonics approach offers flexibility in planning, and designing the network. It provides
simple installation, operation, management and monitoring of the network and enables quick changes to
respond to dynamic traffic demands. This reduces the cost and accelerates the time to market for new services.
[2] The PSS-1 and the PSS-4 are mainly used in access networks. They are the final piece of equipment before
reaching the customer and work as fixed Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer. [3]

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Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS family

Metro

1830 PSS-16 1830 PSS-32 1830 PSS-36

1830 PSS-1 1830 PSS-4 1830 PSS-64

[1] The PSS-16, the PSS-32 and the PSS-36 are used in regional metro networks.
The PSS-16 is used as a fixed Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer, while the PSS-32 and the PSS-36 can be used in
Tunable OADM and in Reconfigurable OADM configurations.

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Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS family

Core

1830 PSS-32 1830 PSS-36

1830 PSS-64

1830 PSS-1 1830 PSS-4 1830 PSS-16

[2] The PSS-32 and the PSS-36 can also be used in core backbone networks along with the PSS-64. The PSS-36
and the PSS-64 are available as Optical Core Switches.
[3] The 1830 PSS family is committed to support evolving OTN standards. The hardware is future-ready to
support new transport containers.

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2 Network application
Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

You will learn in this lesson


how the 1830 PSS-36/64 can be used to build an
OTN core network
how quality monitoring is performed
why it makes sense to use the 1830 PSS-36/64 to build up an
IP backbone

Proprietary - Use pursuant to Company instructions -All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011

Network application
In this lesson you will get a first overview of the Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-36/64.
[1] You will learn [2] how the 1830 PSS-36/64 can be used to build an OTN core network, [3] how quality
monitoring is performed and [4] why it makes sense to use the 1830 PSS-36/64 to build up an IP backbone.

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Cost Challenge

Traffic

Mainly Revenues
voice
Multimedia/
multiservice

Time

Vendor: Good morning Mr. Customer. Today Im going to introduce you to our new next generation optical
switch: The Alcatel-Lucent 1830 Photonic Service Switch. As you will see, it integrates several technologies in
one system and therefore is one key element of the Alcatel-Lucents High Leverage NetworkTM Converged
Backbone Solution!
Customer: Im very interested to learn about this new product. As a network provider my company faces a
heavy cost challenge.
[1][2] As you can see here we have to provide a virtually unlimited number of multiple types of services of
virtually unlimited capacity. These services must be delivered with deterministic security and performance per
Service Level Agreement at the lowest cost and power per transported bit.
[3] Take a look at this chart! Internet video traffic is increasing dramatically. [4] At the same time, demand is
also increasing for dynamic, IP-based services, all of which have very high quality of service requirements. Just
think of the new generation of smart phones, which really produce a heavy amount of traffic in our networks.
We need to ensure that our capacity meets the needs of our customers and fulfills their expectations for growth
and fast access to services. In the past we just added more router capacity to keep up with the growing traffic,
[5] but the revenues are not rising at the same rate. Therefore the cost per transported bit must decrease in
step with the rising traffic.
Vendor: In this situation a closer look at our new product will show you many solutions. [6]

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1830 PSS-36/64
* PSS-64: core backbone
o
* PSS-36: core backbone & metr
* Agnostic matrix, ODUhernswet)itching
(OTH, SDH/SONET, Et
Maximize wavelength filling
* Terabit capacity
* High density
m
* 1350 Optical Management Syste
* GMPLS control plane
SLA support
Free bandwidth

Vendor: [1] First lets take a look at the brochure to get an idea of the main features.
The Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-36/64 is part of the PSS family which is a [2] WDM platform for metro, regional
and long-haul applications. It presents a combination of WDM photonic switching and optical data unit electronic
switching layers.[3] The [4] 1830 PSS-64 is especially designed for the core backbone network, [5] while the
1830 PSS-36 can be used in the core backbone as well as in metro networks.
Customer: Okay, that sounds good for a newly created OTN backbone network. But my company already has
an SDH backbone network installed. Do we have any benefit when we introduce this new equipment?
Vendor: Yes, especially in your situation you benefit from it! One of the main features is the full non-blocking
[6] agnostic matrix that switches all client traffic transparently on ODU level. So you can flexibly split the
increasing traffic demands among any combination of client traffic.
Customer: OK, but what kind of client traffic is supported? Can I, for example, connect SDH/SONET interfaces?
Vendor: Yes, any mix of client traffic is supported, including OTH and SDH/SONET up to STM-64/OC-192. [7]
Also Gigabit Ethernet and 10 Gigabit Ethernet can be connected, but there will be no packet processor cards in
this release. They are planned for future releases. You see, the 1830 PSS-36/64 is the perfect solution for your
OTN backbone and interfaces perfectly to your existing SDH network.
Customer: Thats interesting! But what is the advantage of switching on ODU level in comparison to switching
on SDH/SONET level or on wavelength level?
Vendor: The advantage is that you can segregate the traffic in right-sized so called optical data unit (ODU)
containers. [8] This maximizes the wavelength filling factor and provides flexible bandwidth management. The
1830 PSS enables your company to smoothly upgrade your network infrastructure to a higher capacity optical
transport network.
Customer: Wow! So we can use the same equipment for really different network applications.
Vendor: Yes, this is one part of our solution. In addition the 1830 PSS-36/64 has switching capacity of up to
1.9 Tbit/s [9].

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Customer: Thats quite a huge system!
Vendor: But only for its capabilities! If you are looking at the physical dimensions, you will see, that it has been
developed with a [10] very high density. The relative small footprint and power consumption reduce the
operational costs of your company and help you to reach your goal to extract higher value from the network.
Customer: But how is this system operated?
Vendor: If we first look at the management, it is operated via the Alcatel-Lucent [11] 1350 Optical
Management System that integrates element and network management for the Alcatel-Lucent network
Switch to notes view
elements. On the other hand, automated operations and resilience is enabled with an integrated Generalized
Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) control plane [12]. The control plane, which is already used in other
Alcatel-Lucent core products, has been expanded for OTN. Among other benefits, it offers flexible service
provisioning and restoration options for service differentiation and [13] Service Level Agreement support. This
reduces the resources that are required for protection and thus [14] frees bandwidth for revenue producing
traffic.
Customer: That offers interesting possibilities for my company! Thank you for your explanations! I think its
time to look at the different applications in more detail! [15]

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TN
ONE T inte rco nnection with O
SDH/S teway
SDH/SONET - OTN ga itching
sw
SDH/SONE16T78 MCC * Scalable, multi-terabit ment
ge
1678 MCC * Flexible bandwidth mana N backbone
1678 MCC * Service transparent OT FEC)
* OTN features (TCM, PS compatible
* Protection 1+1 MSP/A
1830 PSS- * SNCP
36/64
* GMPLS control plane
1830 PSS-
36/64
S DH /
SONET

1675 LU
1830 PSS- 1850 TSS
36/64 1830 PSS-
36/64

OTN Core 1678 MCC

Vendor: In your situation the first application for the 1830 PSS-36/64 would be to interconnect the existing
SDH network with an OTN core backbone [1]. In this case the 1830 PSS acts as an SDH to OTN gateway. [2]
Customer: But why should we invest in a complete new technology? We can still use SDH as a core network.
Vendor: Yes, you can stay with SDH, but how future proof is this solution? You mentioned before that with the
explosive bandwidth demand, the cost per transported bit must be reduced. Key to the solution is a scalable
architecture that enables efficient bandwidth management. This is exactly what you get when you extend your
network with a new OTN backbone using the 1830 PSS. You can still use your existing SDH network structure
and benefit from the OTN.
Customer: OK, can you explain these benefits in more detail?
Vendor: The 1830 PSS-36/64 offers [3] scalable switching options at multi-terabit capacity. This enables you to
provide the bandwidth which is needed in you network.
[4] Sub-wavelength ODU switching allows to maximize wavelength filling factors and provides flexible bandwidth
management.
It also offers [5] service transparency. Any type of client traffic is encapsulated and transported at a constant bit
rate and guaranteed quality. Then you can use [6] OTN features such as the sophisticated Tandem Connection
Monitoring to enhance quality control. Forward Error Correction leads to less overall bit errors which is especially
important for longer fiber spans or spans with higher bit rates to meet the performance objectives.
Customer: But how reliable is such an OTN and the mixture of SDH and OTH technology?
Vendor: It is very reliable! The connection between SDH/SONET and OTN can be protected by [7] a line
protection scheme that is compatible with 1+1 MSP/APS. Inside the OTN [8] SNCP is available as path
protection on ODU level. In addition [9] the GMPLS control plane that is frequently deployed in todays optical
networks, is also available in the OTN. It provides fast restoration and simplifies network operations by
delegating several key operational processes to the control plane. [10]

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: Qu ali ty monitoring
OTN cor e
O T N n et work Provider A

r
Multi-carrie Provider B

Provider A Client
/64 user
1830 PSS-36

/64
1830 PSS-36
Protection supervision
/64
Client 1830 PSS-36
user

NNI-NNI monitoring
QoS monitoring
Client supervision

Customer: Are you speaking about end-to-end restoration? Are there any possibilities to monitor the quality of
traffic in the OTN backbone? Especially in a multi-carrier environment [1] we would like to know, what is going
on!
Vendor: Yes, this is one of the advantages of the OTN technology, which is implemented in the 1830 PSS. The
OTN offers the possibility to use up to six monitoring layers. Lets look at this example. [2] One client user
transmits its traffic across several domains.
[3]The first monitoring level can be used for end-to-end supervision of the incoming client signal.
[4] The next level can be used to monitor the end-to-end quality of service.
If the signal is crossing different domains of several network providers, it is now possible to monitor the quality
of each domain. [5] With the so called network-to-network interface monitoring you are able to pinpoint where a
problem has occurred.
[6] Another level can be used to monitor protection lines to trigger protection switching.
In the present release three monitoring levels can be freely provisioned to one of the six levels that are defined.
Customer: Fine. It seems there are really good reasons to introduce the OTN technology. But what about IP
networks? Most of the traffic has been moving toward IP networks in recent years. [7]

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t h e I P b a ckbone last animation

Scaling

1830 PSS-
1830 PSS- 36/64
36/64
IP
Scaling the IP backbone
* IP traffic grooming
Service 1830 PSS- 6/64
1830 PSS-3
Router 36/64
OTN Core

Vendor: You are completely right. But what happened is that you added new routers to keep in step with the
increasing need of bandwidth. Using the OTN as a backbone for the IP networks can be much more efficient.
The first idea lies in the [1] scaling of the network resources. In todays networks the IP traffic is transmitted via
point-to-point optical channels at wavelength or lambda level. This is efficient only when the service bandwidth
is the same as the bit rate of the optical channel. Otherwise the optical channels are half empty and the
planning of the network is quite complex.
Customer: And using the OTN the lines can be efficiently filled?
Vendor: Exactly! Because now you are able to perform IP [2] traffic grooming. [3] Lets take a closer look at
what happens at the gateway. [4]

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GMPLS
intelligence

G/100G
10G/40
Sub-port (VLAN) level x
ODUfle

Port level Service-specific


ODUk transport
containers
Lambda level

Oc h
Service Router
1830 PSS-
36/64
OTN networking

Vendor: What you can see here is the current situation.


The optical channel, referred to as [1] lambda level is transmitted. In this example the bandwidth which has to
be transmitted [2] fits exactly into the optical channel. So everything is fine here. But what do you do if the
bandwidth that has to be transmitted is smaller than the bandwidth of the optical channel? In the past you just
used the complete optical channel, even if it was a waste of capacity [3].

Now using the 1830 PSS-36/64, you may also use grooming on [1] port level. The bandwidth at port level is
usually smaller than the bandwidth of the optical channel. You can multiplex [2] several signals into one [3]
ODU. There are different sizes of ODUs available. Inside of the ODU the data is transmitted in [4] service-
specific transport containers.
In future releases you will have even more possibilities. [5]

You will have an additional grooming level on sub-port [1] or VLAN level. As we have already seen, [2] several
signals can be multiplexed into one ODU with fixed size. On the other hand you will be able to use [3] optical
data units with flexible size to optimize the transport bandwidth. [4]

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t h e I P b a ckbone
Scaling

1830 PSS-
1830 PSS- 36/64
36/64

IPIP Scaling the IP backbone


* IP traffic grooming
iceice
rvrv 6/64
IP traffic is mapped into the
SeSe 1830 PSS- 1830 PSS-3
Rou ter
Router 36/64 appropriate transport granular
OTN Core ity
Maximum filling of the
optical transport resources
avoids capacity waste!
* Offloading core router
burden

Customer: Lets summarize what youve just said.


You can use the 1830 PSS-36/64 for IP traffic grooming. That means, that the IP traffic [1] is mapped into a
data unit with the appropriate bandwidth, so we dont waste transport capacity. [2]
Vendor: Yes, thats it exactly.
Customer: Okay. Using the OTN we can use the optical fibers more efficiently, but still we need the same
amount of IP routers.
Vendor: That only seems to be the case at first sight. But you can use the transport plane to [1] offload the
core router burden and only perform the routing for the traffic that needs routing! [2] Look at this example:

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All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011 Page 16
B
A

Vendor: [1] We establish a connection between port A and B.


As weve said already, [2] the signal is transmitted at the optical level via point-to-point connections at
wavelength or lambda level.

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B
A

Vendor: Lets [1] reduce the network to the necessary parts, to keep the overview. If you now introduce the
[2] OTN backbone, there is no need to perform IP routing at the transit IP routers [3], but directly at the optical
layer [4].
In this case you save ports and capacity [5] at the transit IP routers and you avoid router traffic congestion.
According to our analysis of existing networks, up to 75% of the IP transit traffic can be reduced depending on
the network configuration.
Customer: Now that sounds interesting to me! Let me see, if I got things right: [6]

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t h e I P b a ckbone
Scaling

1830 PSS-
1830 PSS- 36/64
36/64

IPIP Scaling the IP backbone


* IP traffic grooming
ee
icic
rvrv 6/64
IP traffic is mapped into the
SeSe 1830 PSS- 1830 PSS-3
Rou ter
Router 36/64 appropriate transport granular
OTN Core ity
Maximum filling of the
optical transport resources
avoids capacity waste!
* Offloading core router
burden
Resilient router interconnectio
1/10GE interfaces n

Customer: [1] If we introduce the 1830 PSS-36/64 to create an OTN core router network to perform [2]
resilient IP router interconnection, we can switch the traffic at the optical layer instead of the IP layer. This
saves a lot of capacity within the IP network and gives us much more flexibility.
Vendor: Yes, this is exactly the solution we offer to our customers. [3]

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1830 PSS-36/6
4 application Summary
SDH/SONE16T78 MCC
1678 MCC
Application
OTN core for SDH/SONET
1678 MCC

* Service transparency
IP 1830 PSS-
1830 PSS-
36/64 * Control plane
36/64
* Protection SDH/
* Quality monitSorOingNET
Service
Router 1675 LU

IP backbone
1850 TSS
1830 PSS- 6/64
1830 PSS-3

* Traffic grooming
36/64
OTN Core 1678 MCC

* Offloading core routers

Customer: Using the 1830 PSS-36/64 as [1] OTN core for our SDH network we reach [2] service transparency.
And the [3] control plane enables restoration and service provisioning.
Vendor: Thats correct. In addition, the SNCP and linear [4] protection schemes are available in the OTN.
Customer: Okay. And using the monitoring levels we are able to set up a sophisticated [5] quality monitoring,
even in multi-provider environments.
Regarding the [6] IP network an OTN backbone enables us to perform [7] traffic grooming to use the bandwidth
efficiently.
Vendor: Yes, and dont forget the possibility to reduce the traffic crossing the core routers [8], if you perform
the switching of the transit traffic at optical level.
Customer: Fine. But now Id really like to see the machine!

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3 Key features and functions
Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

You will learn in this lesson


what the key features are
what the functional parts of the system are
the main tasks of these functions

Proprietary - Use pursuant to Company instructions -All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011

Key features and functions


In this lesson you will get a first overview about the Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-36/64. [1] You will see in this
lesson [2] what the key features are. You will also learn [3] what the functional parts of the system are and [4]
what their main tasks are.

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Key functions and features

System
Single-shelf system
Two shelf types: Redundancy
1830 PSS-36
1830 PSS-64
Non blocking agnostic matrix for ODUk Fully redundant for common functionalities
switching Agnostic matrix card 1+1 redundancy
Different switching capacities available: First Level Controller 1+1 redundancy
1830 PSS-36: 960 Gbit/s Dual power distribution
1830 PSS-64: 1.9 Tbit/s
Flexible mix of SDH/SONET, OTH and
Ethernet interfaces within a shelf

I/O cards
Control Plane Full-slot I/O cards
1830
1830PSS-36
PSS-36: 16
ODU-0/1/2/2e service provisioning & restoration 1830 PSS-64: 32
Several service types: Half-slot cards for maximum system
unprotected, 1+1 SNCP, SBR, PRC, GR flexibility planned for a future release
Multiple priorities and pre-emption 120 Gbit/s capacity for each slot
Neighbor and topology discovery

1830 PSS-64

For the 1830 PSS two shelf types are available in release 4.0, the PSS-36 and the PSS-64. To get a first
impression of the system, these pictures show the two types without front covers. We will now look at the main
functions and features, which are described in more detail in the following lessons.
[1] The whole system is contained in a single shelf.
[2] As mentioned before two shelf types are available, the PSS-36 for smaller bandwidth needs and the PSS-64
for larger bandwidth needs.
[3] The system is equipped with a non-blocking agnostic matrix. In this case the term agnostic implies that the
matrix is able to switch TDM, WDM and packet traffic in parallel. In the present release all traffic is switched on
ODUk level.
[4] Depending on the system configuration this agnostic matrix is available with two different switching
capacities.
[5] The system enables a flexible mix of SDH/SONET, OTH and Ethernet interfaces within the same shelf.
[6] The I/O cards offer outstanding flexibility.
[7] The 1830 PSS-36 can house 16 and the PSS-64 can house 32 full slot I/O cards. Using full slot cards the
maximum system capacity can be achieved.
[8] However to offer high flexibility the usage of half slot cards is also planned for future releases.
[9] Each slot is connected to the agnostic matrix with a bandwidth of 120 Gbit/s via backplane, the capacity that
is actually available depends on the type of card that is used.
[10] To ensure reliability of the system, the common functions are equipped redundantly.
[11] The cards of the agnostic matrix are configured with 1+1 equipment protection.
[12] The same situation is given for the first level controller cards.
[13] Also for the power supply there are two independent power distribution units.

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Key functions and features
[14] Another important feature is the control plane.
[15] It offers service provisioning and restoration on ODU level.
Switch to notes view
[16] There are several types of services available.
Services can be unprotected or SNCP protected.
For the Source Based Restoration service the restoration connection is created after a failure has occurred.
Protection and Restoration Combined is a mixture between Source Based Restoration and SNCP protection.
In case of Guaranteed Restoration a pre-calculated restoration path is stored that is set up after a failure has
occurred.
[17] To enable restoration depending on the quality of service, multiple priorities are available which may also
be used to control pre-emption of low priority connections.
[18] The control plane discovers the neighbor network elements and the topology to facilitate the operation and
management of the network.

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1830 PSS-36/64 functional overview

Operation
System
HK, RA, RL Craft
external LAN Terminal

OH Byte Control Power

SDH/SONET SDH/SONET

OTH OTH

Ethernet Ethernet
Transmission
I/O interfaces I/O interfaces

Synchronization

This overview describes the main functional components of the 1830 PSS-36/64. Please be aware that this
functional picture does not refer to certain hardware components.
The following functions are described here:
[1] The control architecture,
[2] the transmission or cross-connection architecture and
[3] the architecture of input/output traffic interfaces. SDH/SONET, OTH and Ethernet interfaces are supported.
Furthermore
[4] the system synchronization architecture,
[5] the architecture for overhead byte management and
[6] the architecture of the power distribution are described.

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All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011 Page 24
Control

Operation
System
HK, RA, RL Craft
external LAN Terminal

OH Byte Control
Control Power

2 levels SDH/SONET
of control: SDH/SONET
First level:
Equipment control
Control OTH
plane OTH
Management interfaces
Second level:
Hardware management
Ethernet Ethernet
Transmission protection Transmission
Fault
I/Omanagement
interfaces I/O interfaces
Performance monitoring
Synchronization

Back to 1830 PSS-36/64 functional overview

The control architecture is organized in two levels:


The [1] first level performs tasks at equipment level [2]. It manages the resources of the network element and
controls the second level processors. Additionally [3] the control plane functionally is hosted here, as well as the
interfaces [4] to the management system and to external control.
The [5] second level is mainly in charge of performing [6] hardware management aspects. It executes [7]
transmission protection schemes and handles [8] fault management and [9] performance monitoring.

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Transmission

Operation
Flexible: different types of client
Systemtraffic
HK, RA, RL Craftelectrical
Payload independent,
external LAN Terminal
switching element: Agnostic
matrix
OH Byte Control Power

SDH/SONET SDH/SONET

OTH OTH

Ethernet Ethernet
Transmission
I/O interfaces I/O interfaces

Synchronization

Back to 1830 PSS-36/64 functional overview


last animation

The transmission architecture has been designed in order to obtain a flexible system, which is able to handle
different types of client traffic. This flexibility is obtained by means of [1] a payload independent, electrical
switching element, the so called Agnostic Matrix. Different configurations provide different switching
capacities to answer the demands of different network applications. [2]

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I/O interfaces

Operation
System
HK, RA, RL Craft
SONET: OC-48, OC-192 external LAN Terminal
SDH: STM-16, STM-64
OH Byte Control Power

OTM-0.2,
SDH/SONET OTM-0.2e, SDH/SONET
OTM-0.3

OTH OTH

Ethernet Ethernet
Transmission
I/O interfaces I/O interfaces

Synchronization
1GbE, 10GbE
Back to 1830 PSS-36/64 functional overview

The optical I/O interfaces are available in a wide range of configurable interface types and rates.
Available interface types are SDH/SONET, OTH and Ethernet.
The decision, if the network element operates in SDH mode or in SONET mode is done on equipment level.
Therefore no mixture of SDH and SONET interfaces is possible within the equipment.
The available interface rates are listed on the slide. [1]

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Synchronization

Operation
System
HK, RA, RL Craft
external LAN Terminal

OH Byte Control Power

SDH and SONET standard

SDH/SONET Selection & generation of system SDH/SONET


clock
Synchronization output selection / generation

OTH OTH

Ethernet Ethernet
Transmission
I/O interfaces I/O interfaces

Synchronization

Back to 1830 PSS-36/64 functional overview


last animation

The system synchronization architecture complies with the standards defined for SDH and SONET. It fulfills the
following tasks:
From several synchronization input signals one is [1] selected and used to generate the internal system clock.
In the same way the [2] synchronization output signal is generated. This selection is independent from that of
the internal system clock. [3]

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Overhead

Operation
System
HK, RA, RL Craft
external LAN Terminal

OH Byte Control Power

SDH/SONET SDH/SONET
Terminated by I/O cards
ECC routed by FLC
OTH OTH

Ethernet Ethernet
Transmission
I/O interfaces I/O interfaces

Synchronization

Back to 1830 PSS-36/64 functional overview

Access to overhead bytes is provided by the I/O cards.


The so called [1] Embedded Communication Channels (ECC) are routed by the first level control function.

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Power

Operation
System
HK, RA, RL Craft
external LAN Terminal

OH Byte Control Power


Independent & redundant power inputs
Power distribution concepts depend on
SDH/SONET type of 1830 PSS SDH/SONET
Total power consumption:
1839 PSS-36: < 6 kW
OTH 1830 PSS-64: < 11 kW OTH

Ethernet Ethernet
Transmission
I/O interfaces I/O interfaces

Synchronization

Back to 1830 PSS-36/64 functional overview

For power distribution several independent and redundant power inputs are supported.
[1] The detailed power distribution concept depends on the type of the 1830 PSS shelf that is used, if it is the
PSS-36 or the PSS-64.
[2] The total power consumption of a completely equipped PSS-36 is less than 6 kW, that of a PSS-64 is less
than 11 kW.

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4 Management
Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

You will learn in this lesson


what the components of the 1350 OMS are
what an ASON is

Proprietary - Use pursuant to Company instructions -All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011

Management
In this lesson you will get an overview of how the 1830 PSS can be managed. [1] You will learn in this lesson
[2] what the components of the 1350 OMS are and [3] what an ASON is.

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1350 OMS management overview

Open
Interfaces

Common
desktop, login Common Common Common
and security GUI & maps fault management PM 1350 OMS

Network management SDH SONET Packet WDM

Element management

ANSI Alcatel Alcatel-Lucent Network


Network SDH, SONET, Ethernet, WDM Legacy Lucent
Network

The 1830 PSS-36/64 is managed by the 1350 OMS. It is running on a common HP server platform. [1] The 1350
OMS provides [2] open interfaces towards other systems and manages [3] the existing Alcatel-Lucent optical
network elements. It focuses on the Element Management [4] and on the Network Management [5] layers of
the Telecommunication Management Network.
These management layer functions are accomplished by a set of different "applications:
The Element Management is implemented by the 1350 OMS-EML application. It performs functions such as
Network Element creation, software download, Network Element data backup and restore, alarms and
Performance Monitoring data collection.
The Network Management consists of several applications, which are dedicated to the different transport
technologies. These are 1350 OMS-SDH [6] application, 1350 OMS-SONET [7] application, 1350 OMS-Packet [8]
application and 1350 OMS-WDM [9] application.
These applications perform functions such as: Configuration management, fault management, performance
monitoring and security management for the different technologies.
Common functionalities are bundled into components. These components are generic and not specialized for the
technology supported by the applications:
[10] The common Desktop application handles login and security management.
[11] The common Graphical User Interface and Maps application provides graphical operation and
topology management.
[12] The Common Fault Management application enables the operator to receive and manage alarms.
[13] The common Performance Management application offers the handling of performance counters,
threshold configuration and performance data management.
The access to the 1350 OMS is easily done via any Web browser. [14]

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ASON / GMRE

Management Plane

Control Plane

Transport/Data
Plane 1830 PSS-
1830 PSS- 36/64
36/64

1830 PSS-
36/64 1830 PSS-
36/64
OTN Core

[1] Automatically switched optical networks or ASON enable dynamic control over OTN networks. This can be
used for dynamic path setup and restoration of existing paths.
[2] The network itself is referred to as [3] transport or data plane. It performs the transmission and switching of
data.
The ASON is based on the [4] control plane. It is represented by a set of protocols [5] running between the
network elements. [6] These protocols offer different services such as network management and path
management.
Network management includes auto discovery of the network topology and multi-vendor inter-working using
standardized protocols.
Path management offers dynamic connection setup, rerouting and restoration of existing paths and bandwidth
on demand services.
In Alcatel-Lucent equipment the control plane is referred to as Generalized Multi Protocol Label Switching
Routing Engine or GMRE which is installed in addition to the application software.
[7] On top you still find the centralized network management. This is referred to as the [8] management plane.
It provides a complete awareness of the current state of the network, such as current configuration, switched
paths and alarm and performance state. The network management is able to manage ASON and non-ASON
network elements to perform end-to-end connectivity.

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5 System architecture
Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

You will learn in this lesson


basic principles of the control and transmission functions
which communication channels are available
how the synchronization is done
the equipment protection strategy
which types of traffic signals are handled

Proprietary - Use pursuant to Company instructions -All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011

System architecture
This lesson describes the functions building the 1830 PSS-36/64.

[1] You will learn in this lesson the basic principles of the control and transmission functions. You will see [2]
which communication channels are available and [3] how synchronization is done.
You will get information about [4] the equipment protection strategy of the 1830 PSS and finally [5] you will
learn which types of traffic signals are handled.

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System architecture overview

Common area
Control system
Agnostic matrix
Synchronization
Synchronization
Power distribution
Matrix
Equipment protection

I/O interfaces

Control system
Port area
I/O cards

Equipment protection

The functional parts and their location within the equipment can be divided into two different areas:
[1] The common area contains mandatory parts which always have the same position within the system. They
are located in proprietary slots.
The common functions are: Control system, agnostic matrix, synchronization, power distribution and equipment
protection.
[2] The port area can be flexibly equipped with the available I/O cards. They provide interfaces for SDH/SONET,
OTH and Ethernet.
[3] Please select the labeled buttons in the picture to get more information about the corresponding components
of the 1830 PSS-36/64!

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Control system architecture

First
Controller SSD Controller SSD
Level
Control
FLC A FLC B

LAN switch LAN switch


Second
Level
SLC_A SLC_B Control

Agnostic matrix copy A Agnostic matrix copy B

Back to System architecture overview

As we have already seen, the control system architecture is organized in two levels.
The architecture at the [1] first level of control consists of two redundant First Level Controller (FLC) cards. Each
FLC contains a micro-controller, a solid state disc as non-volatile storage device and other devices to support the
required FLC functionality.
The architecture at the [2] second level of control consists of two redundant Second Level Controllers (SLC),
which are integrated at both agnostic matrix cards.

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Control system architecture

ZIC
DCN Controller SSD
Terminal

FLC

HK
RA Power
I/O cards
RL cards

LAN switch

SLC

Agnostic matrix

Back to System architecture overview


last animation

To understand the control system interfaces, we change the picture a little bit [1].
The control system interfaces can be divided into external and internal interfaces.
[2] The internal interfaces are used to connect the different parts of the control architecture. They are
implemented using LAN connections, several bus systems and serial interfaces.
Amongst other things they provide connectivity for Embedded Control Channels (ECC), peripheral and inventory
access, active/standby control and system clock distribution.
The external control interfaces are used for management and service functions. The basic interfaces are [3]
data communication LAN interfaces which provide connectivity towards management system, and [4] interfaces
for the zero installation craft terminal connection.
[5] The picture is completed by interfaces to manage housekeeping and remote alarming and rack lamps. [6]

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Control system architecture - ECC architecture

Controller SSD

FLC

ECC link
Power ECC
I/O cards
cards OTH: GCC

LAN switch

SLC

Agnostic matrix

Go to ECC/GCC details Back to System architecture overview

The 1830 PSS provides various ways to communicate with management systems, neighbor network elements,
and operation devices.
Communication can be established by LAN connections or by making use of specific overhead bytes in
transmission signals, the so called [1] Embedded Communication Channels (ECC). This way, an 1830 PSS can be
part of a data communications network.
[2] The Embedded Communication Channels are terminated on the I/O cards.
[3] The ECC bytes are transported between I/O cards and the central ECC routing component on FLC through
dedicated bidirectional backplane links.
Depending on the service, SDH, SONET, Ethernet or OTH, different types of Embedded Communication
Channels have to be considered.
[4] In OTH networks, communication data is transported in the so called General Communication Channel
(GCC). In the present release GCC1 channels in high order ODUs are supported.
A 1+N protection scheme is supported. This protection scheme enables the operator to configure a single
protected instance of logical channel to be routed.
SDH, SONET and Ethernet Embedded Communication Channel access is not supported.
To get more information about the number of available GCC1 channels, press the appropriate button!

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ECC/GCC details: GCC1 support

Max. 128 ECC bandwidth equivalents at 576 kbps

Number of Number of
Logical
ECC supported
Channel Hierarchy
bandwidth channels per
Type
equivalents system
HO ODU2 2 64
GCC1 HO ODU2e 3 42
HO ODU3 8 16

Back to ECC architecture

Back to System architecture overview


last animation

The GCC channel throughput depends on the line rate or hierarchy k of the ODUk signal, in contrast to
SDH/SONET where it is always 576 Kbit/s for DCC on multiplex section.
The system supports a maximum of [1] 128 so called ECC bandwidth equivalents at 576 Kbit/s. This defines the
maximum number of GCC1 channels that are supported.
[2] Multiple ECC bandwidth equivalents will be bundled to reach the GCC throughput. The total number of GCC1
channels that are supported can be calculated accordingly. [3]

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Transmission architecture
Capacity:
1830 PSS-36: 960 Gbit/s
1830 PSS-64: 1.9 Tbit/s

Logical Logical
HO-ODU HO-ODU HO-ODU HO-ODU
fabric fabric

Logical Logical Logical


AU/STS ODU
Logical packet
matrix LO-ODU
matrix
fabric switch
HO-ODU LO-ODU HO-ODU LO-ODU

Logical ODU matrix

Agnostic matrix
HO-ODU
HO-ODU

HO-ODU
LO-ODU
LO-ODU

LO-ODU
System
STM-n/ Back architecture
OC-m OTM-n Ethernet I/O to overview
cards

Lets take a closer look at the cross-connection function:


The switching of signals is performed by the so called agnostic matrix.
[1] It is divided into separate, disjoint logical matrices per traffic type. Each logical fabric can be used like an
independent non-blocking switch.
[2] In the current release only one logical matrix is supported that provides ODU switching capabilities.
[3] SDH/SONET and packet traffic is transparently mapped into ODU. Any payload-specific processing functions
are implemented by the I/O cards.
[4] The logical ODU matrix fully supports high order ODUk and low order ODUk connectivity.
[5] The matrix capacity depends on the shelf type of the 1830 PSS. In the PSS-36 the capacity is 960 Gbit/s, in
the PSS-64 the capacity is 1.9 Tbit/s.

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Synchronization

Selector
SETG T0
B Free running
T0 selection mode internal
clock
1+1 EPS
management
OSC

CRU
From To
companion companion
CRU CRU
Back to System architecture overview

If you are familiar with SDH or SONET you know that the synchronization is an important and complex function
of an SDH/SONET network element.
In the 1830 PSS release 4.0 OTH technology is used to transparently transport SDH/SONET and Ethernet signals
including timing transparency. The individual nodes of an optical transport network are independent from each
other regarding their system timing. [1] Therefore the synchronization function can be much simplified.
The synchronization function is performed by the [1] equipment Clock Reference Unit (CRU). This function is
located on the matrix card. Common hardware implementation is used for ETSI and ANSI CRU function.
The internal system clock is created from [2] the internal oscillator (OSC).
Synchronization interfaces for external timing references are prepared for potential future applications.
[3] The T0 selection creates the internal clock signal. The Synchronous Equipment Timing Generator function
ensures that the generated clock T0 is according to the recommendations. The function operates in three
different modes, however in the present release only [4] the Free Running mode is used, which means that the
clock has never acquired the lock to an external timing reference.
The frequency stability in the free-running mode is better than 4.6 ppm, in compliance with an SDH Equipment
Clock or Stratum 3 clock according to the ITU-T Recommendation G.813.
[5] The EPS management controls the 1+1 EPS redundancy of the two redundant clock reference units. Both
CRU need to be synchronized to each other such that hitless switch over is possible.

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Equipment protection
Power FLC
Two units 1+1 protection group
Load sharing Active/standby mode ZIC
DCN Controller SSD
Protection switching Terminal
No protection switching

Failure compensation by Self controlled


remaining unit
FLC
Operator initiated
Switching time less than 10 sec
HK
RA Power
I/O cards
RL cards Matrix
Includes protection for:
SLC (Second level controller)
LAN switch
LAN switches
CRU (Clock reference unit)
1+1 protection group
SLC
Active/standby mode
Agnostic matrix Protection switching
Self controlled
Operator initiated
Switching time less than 50 ms

Back to System architecture overview

Do you remember the picture of the interfaces of the control architecture? Lets concentrate on the parts that
are important for the equipment protection function. [1]
The 1830 PSS release 4.0 offers high reliability due to equipment protection for the important common parts
such as controllers, matrices and power supply.
[2] For the power distribution two units work in load sharing, therefore no protection switching is necessary. A
failure occurring in one power distribution unit will be compensated completely by the second unit.
[3] The two FLC cards represent a 1+1 protection group. They work in active-standby mode. The protection
switching operates self controlled by the equipment, using hardware intercommunication to decide which of the
involved 1+1 protected equipment entities becomes active or standby. The equipment protection switch can also
be initiated by operator command.
The switching time for protection of the FLC is less than ten seconds. Both for automatic as well as for command
driven switches, running traffic is not impacted at all.
[4] The matrix cards include the protection of the contained Second Level Controllers, LAN switches and timing
functions. The matrix cards represent a 1+1 protection group. They work in active-standby mode. The
protection switching operates self controlled by the equipment, using hardware intercommunication to decide
which of the involved 1+1 protected equipment entities becomes active or standby. The equipment protection
switch can also be initiated by operator command.
The switching time for matrix protections should be less than 50 milliseconds. In case of operator commands,
the traffic is not impacted at all.

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I/O interfaces

Operation
System
HK, RA, RL Craft
external LAN Terminal

OH Byte Control Power

SDH/SONET SDH/SONET

OTH OTH

Ethernet Ethernet
Transmission
I/O interfaces I/O interfaces

Synchronization

Back to System architecture overview

In our functional overview picture we distinguished three different types of I/O interfaces there - SDH/SONET,
OTH and Ethernet.
Now lets look at the available interface cards. [1]

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I/O interfaces

Interface cards

Universal interface cards Application optimized


interface cards
OTH Ethernet

SDH/SONET SDH/SONET SDH/SONET

OTH OTH OTH

Ethernet Ethernet Ethernet Ethernet

10 X 10G ANY 24 X Multirate 2 X 40G ANY 10 X 10G OTH 10 X 10GbE 24 X GbE


ANY

120 Git/s 72 Gbit/s 96 Gbit/s 120 Gbit/s 120 Gbit/s 72 Gbit/s

Matrix capacity
Back to System architecture overview

[1] The interface cards are divided into universal interface cards and application optimized interface cards.
The universal interface cards offer flexible configuration of their physical ports for various interface types and
line rates. The hardware demand is minimized by covering all applications demanding a wide range of port types
with limited port count per type.
On the other hand application optimized interface cards offer port types with limited configuration options,
dedicated to a specific application. They are cost optimized for applications with high port demand of the same
type.
[2] There are three different universal interface cards available that can be equipped with different types of
SDH/SONET, OTH and Ethernet interfaces. They differ in the number of ports.
[3] Application optimized interface cards are available for OTH and Ethernet applications.
[4] For OTH one card is available that can also be used for SDH/SONET traffic.
[5] For Ethernet applications two cards are available for different Ethernet signals.
Please note that each interface card type needs a certain matrix capacity. Interface cards can be activated until
the matrix capacity is reached.
[6] For details about the required matrix capacities please take a look at the slide.

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All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011 Page 44
6 Hardware description
Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

You will learn in this lesson


how rack and shelf are configured
how the power is distributed within the equipment
how the cables are routed within the rack
what the available cards are

Proprietary - Use pursuant to Company instructions -All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011

Hardware description
This lesson shows you the main hardware components of the 1830 PSS-36/64.
[1] In this lesson you will learn [2] how rack and shelf are configured and [3] how the power is distributed
within the equipment.
You will see [4] how the cables are routed within the rack and [5] what cards are available.

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Hardware architecture overview
Power distribution
HPCFAP
Power distribution
Power Supply Filter (PSF)

Fan

Shelf Shelf
Port area

Common area

Power Filter
Card (PFC)

Cabling 1830 PSS-36

ETSI rack ANSI rack

last animation 1830 PSS-64

For the 1830 PSS two shelf types are available, the 1830 PSS-36 and the 1830 PSS-64.
For installation of the 1830 PSS shelves there are two options depending on the standards:
[1] For the ETSI market the ETSI rack is used, [2] for the ANSI market the Seismic Network Bay frame is
recommended.
[3] To get more information about the hardware architecture please select the appropriate button! [4]

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All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011 Page 46
1830 PSS-64 1830 PSS-36
Top Top Top
Cabling Cabling Cabling
HPCFAP HPCFAP PDU

PDU for

PSF
PSF Air baffle
power, circuit FAN Unit
FAN Unit FAN Unit breakers Plenum
Plenum HPCFAP for Plenum
Port area
power, circuit

650 mm
&
breakers,
Common area
rack alarms
Plenum
Dust filter

2200 mm
Front cover

Rear cover
Port area
1600 mm

2100 mm
PFC A PFC B
&
Common area

Air baffle
FAN Unit
Plenum

Port area

650 mm
&
Common area
Plenum Plenum
FAN unit FAN Unit
Plenum Plenum Plenum
Dust filter Dust Filter Dust filter
PSF
PSF

PFC A PFC B

300 mm
Bottom Bottom Bottom Back to
23 23 Hardware
Front view Side view Front view architecture
overview

For the ETSI applications a standard ETSI rack with 300 mm by 600 mm is used, which is the same as for the
Alcatel-Lucent 1850 TSS-320.
In this rack there is space for [1] one 1830 PSS-64 shelf or two 1830 PSS-36 shelves.
Back-to-back configuration and wall mounting is possible.
[2] In the 1830 PSS-64 the High Power Connection, Fuse and Alarm Panel for power wire termination, circuit
breakers and rack alarms has to be equipped at the top.
[3] In the 1830 PSS-36 the Power Distribution Unit provides power connections with circuit breakers. It is
mounted at the top of the rack and serves multiple 1830 PSS-36 shelves.
[4] The upper air flow shall be directed to the top and front side of the rack. Air baffles shall only allow air intake
from the front but not from the side.
The center air baffle guides exhaust air to the left and right side of the rack, it can not be directed to the rear
side, as in the ANSI rack.

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1830 PSS-64 1830 PSS-36
Top Top Top
Cabling Cabling Cabling
HPCFAP PDU PDU
Air baffle PDU for power,
circuit breakers
Air baffle
PSF
FAN Unit FAN Unit
FAN Unit Plenum Plenum
Plenum
Port area

Rear cover
HPCFAP for &

~25.5
power, circuit Common area
breakers, rack
alarms Plenum Plenum
Dust filter Dust Filter
Port area

PFC
PFC A PFC B

78.62
63

&

7
Common area

Front cover
Air baffle
FAN Unit FAN Unit
Plenum Plenum
Port area
&

~25.5
Common area
Plenum
FAN unit
Plenum Plenum Plenum
Dust filter Dust filter Dust Filter
PSF PFC A PFC B

PFC
Air baffle Air baffle
12
Bottom Bottom Bottom Back to
23 23 Hardware
Front view Front view Side view architecture
overview

For ANSI applications the 1830 PSS is mounted in the ANSI Seismic Network Bay Frame rack.
In this rack there is space for [1] one 1830 PSS-64 shelf or two 1830 PSS-36 shelves.
Back-to-back configuration is not possible.
[2] In the 1830 PSS-64 the High Power Connection, Fuse and Alarm Panel for power wire termination, circuit
breakers and rack alarms has to be equipped at the top.
[3] In the 1830 PSS-36 the Power Distribution Unit provides power connections with circuit breakers. It is
mounted at the top of the rack and serves multiple 1830 PSS-36 shelves.
[4] The airflow direction is according to Telcordia. It is slightly different from the ETSI version.
The upper air flow shall be directed to the top and rear side of the rack. The air baffles shall only allow air intake
from the front but not from the side.
The ANSI rack offers more space for fibers than the ETSI rack.

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All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011 Page 48
Power Wires from Central Office
-48/-60V DC

A1 B1HPCFAP
A2 B2 A3 B3
x3
PSF A
Fan A
Power branch I Plenum

Port area Port area

Matrix B
Matrix A
Power branch II Total Power Consumption
x3
less than 10.6 kW

Power branch III


reserved *

reserved *

Port area Port area


FLC A

FLC B

Plenum
Fan B
Dust filter
PSF B Back to
Hardware
architecture
overview

Lets start from the top of the rack to explain the power distribution for the 1830 PSS-64.
[1] Due to thermal and power architecture issues there is a High Power Connection, Fuse and Alarm Panel for
terminating central office and system power wires.
[2] It accepts two times three independent inputs from the central office battery.
[3] For redundancy three lines are connected to the Power Supply and Filter unit (PSF) A and [4] the other
three lines to PSF B.
[5] The two Power Supply Filter units A and B connect the power to the various boards in the shelf redundantly.
They provide input filters to reduce the spurious frequencies produced from the DC/DC converters inside the
equipment. For security and maintenance reasons the PSF units provide fuses against short circuits and monitor
the power to identify faults at board level.
In the 1830 PSS-64 shelf, there are three power areas that follow each power branch from the central office
battery distribution via the High Power Connection, Fuse and Alarm Panel:
[6] Power branch 1 gets its feed from step-up converters A1 and B1 and supplies the port cards in the
seven slots at the left side and the upper fan tray.
[7] Power branch 2 gets its feed from step-up converters A2 and B2 and supplies the common area and
one adjacent slot of I/O cards at the left and the right side.
[8] Power branch 3 gets its feed from step-up converters A3 and B3 and supplies the port cards in the
seven slots at the right side and the lower fan tray.
The power consumption of the 1830 PSS-64 depends on its configuration and how it is equipped. [9] In any
case it is less than 10.6 kW.

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Power Wires from Central Office
-48/-60V DC

PDU
A1-A3 A4-A6 B1-B3 B4-B6

Matrix B
Matrix A
FLC A

FLC B
Total Power Consumption
PFC A PFC B less than 5.4 kW

Matrix B
Matrix A

FLC B
FLC A

Back to
PFC A PFC B Hardware
architecture
overview

[1] At the top of the 1830 PSS-36 rack the Power Distribution Unit is mounted. It provides power connections
with circuit breakers and serves multiple PSS-36 shelves.
[2] From the Power Distribution Unit redundant power feeds are connected to the two Power Filter Cards (PFC)
A and B.
[3] Each 1830 PSS-36 shelf has independent power connections and is powered independently from the other
shelves in the rack.
Each PFC has three input lines that all need to be connected and provide a maximum total power of 6 kW.
[4] The two Power Filter cards connect the power to the various boards in the shelf redundantly.
The shelf is designed for redundant power, but it will fully operate with only one Power Filter card. Nevertheless
two PFCs are always recommended.
The three input lines are distributed to 4 power planes on the backplane to reduce the current in the backplane.
The power consumption of the 1830 PSS-36 depends on its configuration and how it is equipped. [5] In any
case it is less than 5.4 kW.

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1x required at top of rack
2x 3 independent power inputs, protected with circuit breakers
Input voltage -48V to -60V
Hosts rack alarm unit
Supports one 1830 PSS-64 subrack with 2 PSF and 3 feeding lines per PSF
Back to
Hardware
architecture
overview

At the top of every 1830 PSS-64 subrack a special power distribution subrack is required. This so called High
Power Connection, Fuse and Alarm Panel terminates the central office and the system power wires.
[1] It accepts two times three independent power inputs from the central office battery which are protected with
circuit breakers. [2] It supports a total electrical power of 11 kW over a voltage range from 48 V to 60 V.
[3] The High Power Connection, Fuse and Alarm Panel also hosts a Rack Alarm Unit that summarizes the alarms
of the subrack and makes them visible by its Rack Top Lamps. The Rack Alarm Unit also generates alarms if a
circuit breaker is open or an internal error is detected.
[4] The High Power Connection, Fuse and Alarm panel is supposed to support one 1830 PSS-64 subrack with
two power supply filter cards.

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Power feed
branch III Protective Earth
branch II Housekeeping
branch I Timing OUT
(SYNC) IN
*

Status LED HPCFAP Rack Lamp


Source LED monitoring Remote Alarm
(RL/RA)

Back to
Hardware
architecture
* for future release
overview

At the top and at the bottom of the rack two fully redundant power supply filter units are located, running in
1+1 protection.
They also provide an external clock interface and house keeping alarm contacts.
Please note that the external clock interface is not available in the present release, it is prepared for potential
future applications.
[1] For details please take a look at the slide.

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Rack Lamp
Remote Alarm Housekeeping
(RL/RA) OUT
IN
Status LED
Source LED
Timing
(SYNC)
*
Protective
Earth

Power feed Back to


branch I Hardware
branch II architecture
branch III * for future release
overview

At the bottom of the subrack two fully redundant power filter cards are located, running in 1+1 protection.
They also provide an external clock interface and house keeping alarm contacts.
Please note that the external clock interface is not available in the present release, it is prepared for potential
future applications.
[1] For details please take a look at the slide.

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All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011 Page 53
PSF

PSF
PSF A
Shelf size (HxWxD):

<1600mm including power interfaces, fan units and plenums


Fan A FAN Unit FAN Unit
1600mm x 500mm X Plenum Plenum Plenum
280mm
High capacity backplane
(120 Gbit/s capacity per I/O card
interface slot, 240 Gbit/s Port area Port area

Matrix B
Matrix A
full slot
prepared) Matrix
card
Including:
Fan units
Power interfaces
Dust filter I/O card
Air baffle half slot

reserved *

reserved *
Common slots: Port area Port area
FLC A Control
FLC B
Matrix card I/O card card
Control cards half slot
Port slots Plenum Plenum Plenum
2 rows Fan B FAN Unit FAN Unit
Half slot* Dust filter Dust Filter Dust Filter
Full slot PSF B

PSF

PSF
* for future release
500mm
Side view
Front view Port slots Common slots Back to
Hardware
architecture
overview

[1] The whole node is composed of the 500 mm wide basic shelf, with a [2] high capacity backplane. It offers
120 Gbit/s capacity per interface slot, 240 Gbit/s are already prepared.
[3] The shelf contains fan units, power interfaces, dust filter and air baffle.
[4] The slots are partitioned into common slots for control and switching cards and [5] port slots for I/O cards.
The port slots are organized in two rows.
The shelf has been designed according to the multi-size slot concept, which supports different card dimensions.
This allows finer shelf configuration granularity. The choice between [6] half and full slot cards can be done
independently for each full size I/O slot.

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Shelf size (HxWxD):
650mm x 500mm x
280 mm
Fan FAN Unit FAN Unit
High capacity backplane Plenum Plenum Plenum
(120 Gbit/s capacity per
interface slot, 240 Gbit/s I/O card
prepared) half slot

Matrix B
Matrix A
Including: Port Port I/O card
Fan units FLC A area area full slot

FLC B
Power interfaces I/O card
Dust filter half slot
Air baffle
Common slots: Plenum Plenum Plenum
Matrix card Dust filter Dust Filter Dust Filter
Control cards

PFC

PFC
PFC A PFC B
Port slots
Half slot*
Full slot 500mm

* for future release


Front view Side view

Back to
Hardware
architecture
overview

[1] The whole node is composed of the 500 mm wide basic shelf, with a [2] high capacity backplane. It offers
120 Gbit/s capacity per interface slot, 240 Gbit/s are already prepared.
[3] The shelf contains fan units, power interfaces, dust filter and air baffle.
[4] The slots are partitioned into common slots for control and switching cards and port slots for I/O cards.
[5] The shelf has been designed according to the multi-size slot concept, which supports different card
dimensions. This allows finer shelf configuration granularity. The choice between [6] half and full slot cards can
be done independently for each full size I/O slot.

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Back to
Hardware
architecture
overview

The PSS-36 uses one fan per shelf with internal redundant fans, while the PSS-64 uses two fan trays, each
including internal redundant fans.
Each fan tray ensures full operation even in case of a single fan failure. The equipment remains operational in
the normal temperature range. But the fail condition may affect the lifetime of the system, therefore a timely
repair is necessary.
The airflow is in front of the power interface.

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PSF A
Matrix and Control (FLC) cards Fan A
Plenum
Shelf specific location and size
Different card types in 1830 PSS-36
and in 1830 PSS-64
Port area Port area

Matrix A
Matrix B
Fan
Plenum
Matrix B
Matrix A

Port area Port area

reserved *

reserved *
Port Port

FLC A

FLC B
area area
FLC A

FLC B

Plenum
Plenum Fan B
Dust filter Dust filter

PFC A PFC B PSF B


Back to
1830 PSS-36 1830 PSS-64 Hardware
architecture
* for future release overview

The common area contains mandatory parts like the matrix and control cards.
[1] The matrix and the FLC cards are located in fixed slots where the position depends on the shelf.
The slots for the matrix have a shelf specific size. They are placed in the center with respect to the I/O cards.
This allows the shortest backplane link which is necessary for the high-speed links.
Two additional slots are reserved for future use.
[2] In the PSS-36 and in the PSS-64 two different matrix card types are used. They have a similar architecture,
but different layouts and switching capacities.
From a functional perspective, the FLC cards for the PSS-36 and for the PSS-64 are equivalent. They however
have different dimensions.

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1830 PSS-64
Max. 32 full slot cards

Full slot card


Max. 64 half slot cards *
Two rows; 960 Gbit/s
max. capacity per row

1830 PSS-36
Max. 16 full slot cards
Max. 32 half slot cards *
960 Gbit/s max. capacity

Half slot
card
* for future release

Half slot
card
Back to
Hardware
architecture
overview

The shelf has been designed according to the multi-size slot concept, which supports different card dimensions.
This allows finer shelf configuration granularity. The choice between half and full slot cards can be done
independently for each full size I/O slot.
Each slot is usable for a single full slot or two half slot cards.
All I/O cards that are available in release 4.0 are full slot cards, half slot cards are planned for a future release.
[1] In the 1830 PSS-64 a maximum of 32 full slot cards or up to 64 half slot cards can be equipped.
[2] In the 1830 PSS-36 a maximum of 16 full slot cards or up to 32 half slot cards can be equipped.
Weve said already that I/O cards can be activated until the matrix capacity is reached. [3] For the PSS-36 this is
960 Gbit/s. For the PSS-64 the capacity must be shared by the two rows of the port area. Per row 960 Gbit/s
are available.

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Front access
Optical interfaces 1 PSF A
3
not recessed -> cover
bulged to the front 4A
Fan
Plenum
Control connection (LAN)
6 6 Center fiber
No fiber storage within the management
rack
Port area Port area

Matrix B
(removable for

Matrix A
maintenance access
7 7 to bus termination)

1 6x A-Feed power cables 7 7


2 6x B-Feed power cables
Timing, Housekeeping,

reserved *
reserved *
Port area Port area
3

FLC A

FLC B
Remote alarm, HPCFAP
4 LAN cables from matrix 6 6
5 LAN cables from controllers
Plenum
Full slot cards: 5B
Fan
6 Dust filter
8x48 simplex fiber cables
2
Half slot cards*: PSF B
7
8x20 simplex fiber cables
Front view
Back to
* for future release
Hardware
Go to Top view architecture
overview

The 1830 PSS-64 provides front access to all optical interfaces at sub rack and access panel level.
[1] The optical interfaces are not recessed and therefore the subrack cover bulges 25 mm to the front.
[2] Electrical control cables, such as LAN connections have front access as well.
[3] There is no space for fiber storage within the rack.
[4] At the center of the shelf cable troughs are equipped. They are removable to enable access to the bus
termination for maintenance purposes.
The different cables and fibers are guided in the following way:
[5] 6 A-feed power cables are routed from PSF A at the left side of the rack and the [6] 6 B-feed power cables
are routed from PSF B at the right side of the rack, according to Telcordia requirement.
[7] There you can also find several cables for timing, housekeeping, remote alarm and alarm for the high power
connection, fuse and alarm panel.
[8] Both electrical LAN cables from matrix cards and controller cards are routed at the left and right side.
[9] The optical fibers are routed in separate cable ducts. The port area can be partitioned into four quarters,
each containing 8 standard full slot cards. With a maximum of 24 ports per card this leads to 8x48 simplex fibers
for each quarter. The fibers are routed in the left or right cable duct according to the position of the boards
within the rack.
[10] For half slot cards, which are planned for future releases, up to 8x20 simplex fibers are routed in the same
way as in the case of the full slot cards. In addition the same amount of cables is routed via the center fiber
management to the cable ducts at the left and right side.

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ETSI rack
1 power cables at rear side 2
4 3
5 500mm (ETSI rack aperture) 4
5
subrack
7 7
6 cabling space (front) 6

1 ANSI rack 2
1 6x A-Feed power cables
4 power cables at rear side 3
2 6x B-Feed power cables
3 Timing, Housekeeping, 5 4
Remote alarm, HPCFAP 500mm (ETSI rack aperture)
5
4 LAN cables from matrix
5 LAN cables from controllers subrack
full slot cards: 7 7
6 8x48 simplex fiber cables
6 cabling space (front) 6
Half slot cards*:
7
8x20 simplex fiber cables Top view
Back to
* for future release
Hardware
Back to Front view architecture
overview

The top view presents another perspective of the cable ducts and the position of the different cables and fibers
within the rack.

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Available I/0 cards

Interface cards
Universal interface cards Application optimized interface cards
OTH Ethernet

10 X 10G ANY 24 X Multirate 2 X 40G ANY 10 X 10G OTH 10 X 10GbE 24 X GbE


ANY

We talked about the available I/O cards before. As you already know, the interface cards are divided into
universal interface cards and application optimized interface cards.
The universal interface cards combine various options for multiple interface types, line rates and backplane
signal formats on a single board type. They provide the most flexible options for port type provisioning and
reduce the board type variants to a minimum.
The application optimized interface cards are classical interface card types optimized for specific applications.
They offer port types with limited port type provisioning options dedicated to a specific application and are cost
optimized for applications with high port demand of the same type.
[1] Now lets take a closer look at the different cards! Please select the corresponding buttons to get detailed
information!

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10 X 10G ANY

Interface Signal
type OTH to/from matrix

OTM-0.2 EFEC OTU-2 ODU-2 ODU-2 10 X 10G ANY

HO/LO 4 x ODU-1 ODU-1


MUX/
DEMUX 8 x ODU-0 ODU-0

OTM-0.2e EFEC OTU-2e ODU-2e ODU-2e

OTH Client
XFP RS-NIM
10 X

STM-64
OC-192 STM-64 ODU-2 ODU-2

10GbE PCS GFP-F/AMCC ODU-2 ODU-2

10GbE PCS CBR/BMP ODU-2e ODU-2e

Back to Available I/O cards


last animation

This card is a universal I/O card for 10 Gigabit interfaces. It hosts up to 10 XFP optical modules.
With the OTH [1] and the OTH Client [2] mode it supports two modes of operation which offer different
multiplexing and mapping possibilities.
The OTH mode is available for [3] OTM-0.2 and OTM-0.2e interfaces. For these interfaces the [4] Alcatel-Lucent
proprietary enhanced forward error correction is supported.
[5] The OTM-0.2 is de-mapped and the high order ODU-2 traffic is connected to the matrix.
The low order ODU-2 is multiplexed into ODU-1 or ODU-0 and connected to the matrix.
[6] The OTM-0.2e is mapped into an ODU-2e signal.
[7] The OTH Client mode offers connectivity for 10 Gigabit Ethernet and STM-64/OC-192 client signals.
[8] For the latter interface the signals are mapped into an ODU-2.
[9] There are two possibilities to transmit the Ethernet traffic: It can be mapped into an ODU-2 using the
Generic Framing Procedure, or it can be mapped into an ODU-2e, using Constant Bit Rate mapping. [10]

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24 X Multirate ANY

24 X Multirate
ANY
Interface Signal
type to/from matrix
TDM
RS-NIM

STM-16
OC-48 STM-16 ODU-1 ODU-1

SFP
24 X EoOTH

GbE PCS GMP ODU-0 ODU-0

Back to Available I/O cards


last animation

This card is a universal I/O card. As the name suggests, it allows flexible configuration capability per port for
various line rates and operation modes during system operation. It holds up to 24 SFP optical modules.
Depending on the type of traffic which is connected, two operation modes are distinguished:
[1] The TDM mode and the [2] Ethernet over OTH mode.
The ports are organized into 3 groups of 8 ports, each group can be configured for one of the two operation
modes.
[3] The TDM mode supports STM-16/OC-48 interfaces. The traffic is mapped into ODU-1.
[4] The Ethernet over OTH mode offers Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. The traffic is mapped into ODU-0 using the
Generic Mapping Procedure. [5]

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2 X 40G ANY

2 X 40G ANY

Interface Signal
type OTM-0.3 to/from matrix

OTM-0.3 OUT-3 ODU-3

4 x ODU-2 ODU-2 *
VSR HO/LO
2X
MUX/ 16 x ODU-1 ODU-1 *
DEMUX
32 x ODU-0 ODU-0

* for future release

Back to Available I/O cards


last animation

This card is a universal I/O card for 40 Gigabit interfaces. It hosts two very short reach line interfaces.
[1] In release 4.0 the high order ODU-3 traffic is multiplexed into low-order ODU-0 and connected to the matrix.
For future releases multiple mapping possibilities are planned. [2]

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10 X 10G OTH

Interface Signal
type OTH to/from matrix
10 X OTM-0.2

OTM-0.2 EFEC OTU-2 ODU-2 ODU-2

HO/LO 4 x ODU-1 ODU-1


MUX/
DEMUX 8 x ODU-0 ODU-0

XFP
OTM-0.2e EFEC OTU-2e ODU-2e ODU-2e
10 X

OTH Client
RS-NIM

STM-64
OC-192 STM-64 ODU-2 ODU-2

Back to Available I/O cards


last animation

This application optimized interface card hosts up to 10 XFP modules.


With the OTH [1] and the OTH Client [2] mode it supports two modes of operation which offer different
multiplexing and mapping possibilities.
The OTH mode is available for [3] OTM-0.2 and OTM-0.2e interfaces. For these interfaces the [4] Alcatel-Lucent
proprietary enhanced forward error correction is supported.
[5] The OTM-0.2 is de-mapped and the high order ODU-2 traffic is connected to the matrix.
The low order ODU-2 is multiplexed into ODU-1 or ODU-0 and connected to the matrix.
[6] The OTM-0.2e is mapped into an ODU-2e signal.
[7] The OTH Client mode offers connectivity for STM-64/OC-192 client signals. The signals are mapped into an
ODU-2. [8]

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10 X 10GbE

10 X 10GbE

Interface Signal
type to/from matrix
EoOTH

10GbE PCS GFP-F/AMCC ODU-2 ODU-2


XFP
10 X
10GbE PCS CBR/BMP ODU-2e ODU-2e

Back to Available I/O cards


last animation

This application optimized interface card offers 10 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. It hosts up to 10 XFP optical
modules.
[1] In the Ethernet over OTH mode there are two possibilities to transmit the Ethernet traffic. It can be mapped
into an ODU-2 using the Generic Framing Procedure, or it can be mapped into an ODU-2e, using Constant Bit
Rate mapping. [2]

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24 X GbE

24 X GbE

Interface Signal
type to/from matrix
EoOTH

SFP GbE PCS GMP ODU-0 ODU-0


24 X

Back to Available I/O cards

This application optimized interface card offers Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. It hosts up to 24 SFP modules.
In the Ethernet over OTH mode the Gigabit Ethernet traffic is mapped into ODU-0 using the Generic Mapping
Procedure.

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All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011 Page 67
Summary
Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

Navigation
Click on main topic to navigate to corresponding lesson
Click on tabs to navigate within the summary

Proprietary - Use pursuant to Company instructions -All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011

You are nearly at the end of this web-based training. [1] Let's summarize what you have learned.
[2] There are two possibilities to investigate:
You may [3] click on the headline to navigate to the corresponding lesson or [4] click on the tabs to navigate
within the summary.

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Application

What I should know:


OTN core for SDH/SONET

Features
Application
* Service transparency
* Control plane restoration
* Protection

Functions
* Quality control

Architecture
IP backbone
* Traffic grooming
* Offloading core routers

I/O
Hardware
The 1830 PSS-36/64 can be used to build up core networks for SDH/SONET traffic. It is characterized by the
service transparency, the control plane and the protection features, which are interworking with other Alcatel-
Lucent TDM core network elements. In addition OTN offers an outstanding quality control.
As an IP backbone it offers possibilities to switch IP traffic economically performing traffic grooming and
offloading the core routers from transit traffic.

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Application

What I should know: * Universal switching fabric


f e a t u re s
Main * Flexible mix of OTH,
Features

SDH/SONET & Ethernet


interfaces

Functions
* Terabit capacity
* High density

Architecture
* Control plane
* Future proof
OTN core network

I/O
Interfaces traditional
SDH/SONET & high

Hardware
speed Ethernet

The mix of OTH, SDH/SONET and Ethernet interfaces, which are connected by the universal switching fabric,
offers high flexibility. The scalable capacity reaching up to 1.9 Tbit/s and the high density reduce the operational
costs for network providers. In addition the integrated control plane and the hardware, which is prepared for
increasing bandwidth, realize a future proof system.

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Application

What I should know: * Control


2 levels
vi e w
Features

l ov e r
Functiona * Transmission
universal switching, different capacities
Functions

Hardware
* I/O Interfaces
SDH/SONET, OTH, Ethernet

Architecture
* Synchronization
* Overhead

I/O
DCC/GCC

* Power

Hardware
The 1830 PSS-36/64 can be divided into several functional parts.
The control function is separated into two levels.
The transmission function is realized by a universal switching fabric with scalable switching capacity.
OTH, SDH/SONET and Ethernet interfaces are available in different versions.
The synchronization function generates the internal system clock.
The overhead functionality handles the ECC/GCC channels.
The power system performs redundant power connection and distribution within the system.

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Application

What I should know:


* Control system
rch it e c t ur e 1+1 EPS

S y st e m a
First level: FLC A/B
Features

Second level: Matrix

* Agnostic matrix 1+1 EPS


Functions

ODU switching
SDH/SONET & packet traffic
transparently mapped into ODU
Architecture

square, non-blocking
1830 PSS-36: 960 Gbit/s
1830 PSS-64: 1.9 Tbit/s

I/O
* Synchronization 1+1 EPS
SEC/Stratum 3
OSC free running

Hardware
The system consists of different areas. The so called common area is harboring cards for control, switching,
synchronization and power distribution. In the port area I/O cards are located.
Equipment protection is available for the common cards.

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Application

What I should know:

I/O cards
* Universal
Features

10 x 10G ANY
24 x Multirate ANY
Functions

2 x 40G ANY
Architecture

* Application optimized
10 x 10G OTH
10 x 10GbE
24 x GbE
I/O

Hardware
The I/O cards can be grouped into universal and application optimized cards. SDH/SONET, OTH and Ethernet
interfaces are available. The cards differ in the mix of traffic types and bandwidths.

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Application

What I should know: * ETSI rack


e s c r ip t ion back-to-back

Hardware d * ANSI rack


Features

no back-to-back
* 1830 PSS-36 shelf
Functions

max. 2 shelves per rack


* 1830 PSS-64 shelf
Architecture

1 shelf per rack


* Common slots
Future
* Port slots releases
I/O

full slots, half slots


* Power
Hardware

1830 PSS-36: PFC A/B


1830 PSS-64: HPCFAP, PSF A/B

Depending on the standard two racks are available. One rack can host a maximum of two 1830 PSS-36 shelves
or one 1830 PSS-64 shelf. For high flexibility different card sizes are planned for I/O cards.
The power distribution concept and the hardware depends on the type of 1830 PSS shelf that is used.

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References
Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

This lesson provides additional information of


the available customer documentation

Proprietary - Use pursuant to Company instructions -All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011

References
[1] This lesson provides an overview about [2] the available customer documentation.

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Customer documentation

1830 PSS-36/64 Safety Guide (SFG)

1830 PSS-36/64 Product Information and Planning Guide (PIPG)

1830 PSS-36/64 User Provisioning Guide (UPG)

1830 PSS-36/64 Maintenance and Trouble-clearing Guide (MTCG)

1830 PSS-36/64 Installation and System Turn-up Guide (ITG)

1830 PSS-36/64 TL1 Command Guide (TL1CG)

1830 PSS-36/64 GMRE Command Line Interface Guide (GMRE-CLIG)


GMRE
ASON 1830 PSS-36/64 GMPLS/GMRE Guide (GMRE-Guide)

Different customer handbooks are available for the 1830 PSS-36/64:


[1] The Safety Guide provides users of the 1830 PSS-36/64 systems with relevant information about safety
guidelines to protect against personal injury and to prevent material damage to the equipment.
[2] The Product Information and Planning Guide provides a product description including features, application
and network configuration. It describes the tasks which have to be completed for operation, administration,
maintenance and system provisioning. In addition it handles administrative and planning aspects, such as
system planning and ordering information, product support, quality and technical specifications.
[3] Procedures for provisioning and operating the 1830 PSS-36/64 using a local craft interface terminal can be
found in the User Provisioning Guide.
[4] Alarm messages and their meaning can be found in the Maintenance and Trouble-clearing Guide. It
describes procedures for routine maintenance, troubleshooting, diagnostics, and component replacement as
well.
[5] All steps for putting the system into operation are described in the Installation and System Turn-up Guide.
[6] The TL1 Command Guide describes the external TL1 interface in terms of TL1 commands, responses, and
notification definitions.
[7][8] If you are using the GMRE software package two additional Guides are useful:
The GMRE Command Line Interface Guide describes commands, parameters and syntax of the commands,
which can be submitted from the local interface.
The GMPLS/GMRE Guide provides a description of the features, network configuration and provisioning of an
Automatically Switched Optical Network or ASON using GMRE.

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The End Congratulations you have finished the training

1830 Photonic Service Switch (PSS)-36/64


R4.0 Overview
Your feedback is appreciated!
Please feel free to e-mail your comments to:

cwdteam.stuttgart@alcatel-lucent.com
Thank you!

Congratulations you have finished this course.

Your feedback is appreciated! Please feel free to e-mail your comments with reference to the course number to
the given address!
Thank you!

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