Sei sulla pagina 1di 12

MCG 3130 Dynamics of Machinery

Final Examination

December10

th

, 2010

Total Points: 100

Time allowed: 3 Hours

Closed book/Notes. Calculators permitted. Attempt ALL FOUR questions. All questions are of equal value. Return the question paper with the answer booklet. Interpretation of the question as the part the examination. If you consider the additional data is required, make an appropriate engineering assumption and proceed.

1a)

For the offset slider crank mechanism shown in the figure, Using the direct method:

Determine a) The extreme positions of the point C (slider). b) Stroke S.

( 10 points)

1b)

In the mechanism of the figure below, links OM and OP turn independently about the fixed axis O. Rigid bar ML is pinned at S to the block sliding in fixed guides. OM = OP = 2 inch, ML = PL = 4 in, and MS = 2 in. Driving crank OM has an angular velocity of 1 rad/sec and angular acceleration of 2 rad/sec , both clockwise. At the instant of the consideration the angles with respect to the horizontal axis of links OM, OP, ML and PL respectively 315 , 81 , 45 , 352 .

0

2

0

0

0

Determine for the instant of consideration.

a)
The acceleration of point S.
b)
The velocity of point P.
( 15 points)
2.

For the mechanism of figure below, crank OF turns counterclockwise about the axis O. The rigid

bent bar EFP is pinned to the slider at E which slides in fixed horizontal guides. The dimensions are given as C = 0.14 m, C = 0.05 m, C = 0.085 m and R = 0.055 m. Crank OF is balanced and

1

2

3

has a mass moment of inertia about O of I

m

of inertia about F of I

2

= 0.02 kg.cm ,while the slider E has a mass of

1Z

3

= 0.1 kg. Link EFP, with center of mass at F, as a mass of m = 0.2 kg, and the mass moment

2

2Z

2

= 0.1 kg.cm . At the instant of consideration q = 0.8 rad, s = 0.096 m

A kinematic analysis has provided the following information at this instant: q (dot) 14.5 rad/sec,

.

q

(double dot) = 28 rad /sec , s = 0.41m/s and s = 8.78 m/sec (to left),

.

2

2

Ignoring the effects of the friction and gravity, determine for this instant.

a) the D’Alembert force set for the crank OF, the rod EFP, and the slider E.

b) the necessary driving torque T on the link OF.

c) the forces at the pin F.

(25 points)

3.

The gyroscopic turn indicator of the figure below consists of 1- kg flywheel whose principal radii

of the gyration are k = k = 40 mm, k =50 mm. The center of mass of the flywheel coincides with

x

y

z

the intersection of axes AB and CD. The flywheel spins relative to the gimbal at the constant rate ù = 10,000 rev/min. A couple M acts about the shaft CD, which supports the gimbal, in order to hold constant the angle â between the gimbal and the horizontal. If the rotation rate about the vertical axis is constant at Ù = 0.8 rad/s, determine the magnitude of moment M.

1

2

( Note: I = m k

)

(25 points)

4.

The rotor of the figure has unbalanced masses m = 0.2 kg, m = 0.3 kg, and m = 0.2 kg at radial

positions r

a) Determine the reaction forces at the bearings, for a constant rotor angular speed of 100 rad /s, for the unbalanced rotor. b) Find the necessary counterweight correction amounts (kg cm) and locations in balance planes P and Q for the complete static and dynamic balance of the rotor.

( distance given are in cm).

1

2

3

1

= 9 cm, r

2

= 9 cm, r

3

= 6 cm.

(25 points)