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Instituto Politcnico Nacional

Escuela superior de ingeniera qumica e industrias extrctivas

DIQI

Laboratorio de Termodinmica del equilibrio Qumico

Practica: EQUILIBRIO QUMICO HOMOGNEO EN FASE GAS

Alumno: Segura Ceuleneer Diego

Gpo: 2IM41
Tabla de datos

Temperatura Presin aire Presin del cido


actico
30 0.5 0.7
40 0.7 1.1
50 0.8 2.2
60 0.83 3.5

Determinacion de la presin absoluta de los sistemas

Pabs=PatmPaire Pabs=PatmP cido

Pabs1=585 mmHg5 mmHg=580 Pabs1=585 mmHg7 mmHg=578

Pabs 2=585 mmHg7 mmHg=578 Pabs 2=585 mmHg11 mmHg=574

Pabs 3=585 mmHg8 mmHg=577 Pabs 3=585 mmHg22 mmHg=563

Pabs 4=585 mmHg8.33 mmHg=576.7 Pabs 4=585 mmHg35 mmHg=550

Determinacion de P Determinacion de la masa del


P=P cido Paire cido actico

m=v
P1=580 mmHg578 mmHg=2 mmHg
g
P2=578 mmHg574 mmHg=4 mmHg =1.05 3 v =10 ml=c m 3
cm
P3=577 mmHg563 mmHg=14 mmHg
g
P 4=576.7 mmHg556 mmHg=20.7 mmHg m=1.05 3
10 c m3=10.5 g
cm

Considerando RTwA
Determinacion de
Pi=
0.082 atm V
R=
molk
0.01<
v =10 ml=0.01< 0.082 atm
303.15 K0.175 mol =435.02 atm*
molk
m 10.5 g P1=
n= = =0.175 mol
pm g
60 760mmHg =330615 mmHg
mol
0.01<
de cido actico 0.082 atm
313.15 K0.175 mol =341521mmHg
molk
P2=
0.01<
0.082 atm
323.15 K0.175 mol =352427mmHg
molk
P3=
0.01<
0.082 atm
333.15 K0.175 mol =363333mmHg
molk
P 4=

Determinacion de K Determinacion Determinacion de


Ka=4 (2 PiP) de y=InK 1
x= T
K 1=4 (23306152) =2644912 InK 1=14.7881
mmHg InK 2=14.8206 1
K 2=4 ( 23415214 ) =2732152 x 1=
InK 3=14.8520 303.15 K =0.
mmHg 003299
K 3=4(235242714 ) =2819360 InK 4=14.8825
1
x 2=
mmHg
313.15 K =0.
K 4=4 (236333320.7) =29065 003193
Y=
1 -317.96x+15.836
80mmHg x 3=
323.15 K =0.
In K =b= 15.836
003095
1 H
x 4= InK= RT
333.15 K =0.

003002

H=Rm=317.968.314=2643.52 J mol/k

G=( InKRT ) = H
Hdisociaci n=
2
8.314 J
G 1= -(15.836*
molk 2643.52 J
Hdis 1= =1321.76 J
2
303.15K)=-39913 J
8.314 J mol/k
G 2= -(15.836*
molk H
S=
T
313.15K)=-41229.6 J
8.314 J 1321.76
G 3= -(15.836* S= =44.033 Jmol
molk 30

323.15K)=-42546.3 J 1321.76
S= =33.025 Jmol
40
8.314 J 1321.76
G 4= -(15.836* S= =26.42 Jmol
molk 50

333.15K)= -43862.9 J 1321.76


S= =22.01 Jmol
60