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Urogenital System

(Kidney, Urinary Bladder, Female RS)

Group 2
Francine Kaye Carangian & Nina Marie Arielle Siriban
Kidney (Metanephroi)
Retroperitoneal against the dorsal wall of the peritoneal
cavity

Right kidney is usually considerably anterior to the left


kidney
Kidney (Metanephroi)
1. Lateral convex
2
2. Medial concave
1
3. Ureters (metanephric ducts)
4
4. Renal pelvis widened portion
of the ureter entering the hilus

female: dorsal to horns of uterus


3
male: dorsal to the ductus deferens
(loops over the ureter and disappears
dorsal to the bladder)
Kidney Metanephroi
Kidney (sagittal section)
1. Renal sinus 4 1

- Cavity within the hilus


- Renal artery and vein,
renal pelvis
2. Renal papilla: openings of
collecting tubules

3. Renal medulla: collecting


tubules 6
4. Renal cortex: renal
corpuscles and kidney
tubules

5. Renal capsule

6. Renal pelvis
5
2 3

Renal papilla + collecting tubules = renal pyramid (one in cats; ~ 12 in humans)


Urinary Bladder
Pear-shaped

Male: ventral to rectum

Female: ventral to rectum and uterus


Urinary Bladder
1
1. Apex/Vertex

2. Fundus

3. Urethra or neck of the


bladder
2

3
Urinary Bladder
2 1
1. Median ligament

2. Lateral ligament

*Median and lateral


ligaments connect visceral
peritoneum of bladder to
abdominal wall.
Urinary Bladder

1. Rectovesical (male)/
2
vesicouterine (female)
pouch

2. Rectum
1
3. Urinary bladder

3
Female Reproductive System
1. Ovaries
a. Graafian follicles
(corpora lutea in
pregnancy)
2. Mesovarium

3. Mllerian ducts /
oviducts
a. Uterine/Fallopian
tube
i. mesosalpinx
ii. Ostium 1
iii. fimbriae
3a

3ai 2
Female Reproductive System
1. Horn of uterus
2. Mesometrium

1 (with embryos)
Female Reproductive System
1. Broad ligament of uterus

a. Mesovarium
b. Mesosalpinx
1b
c. Mesometrium 1a
1c
2. Round ligament of uterus

From horn to body wall


Continuous with but at
right angles to broad
ligament 1

2
Female Reproductive System
1. Horns of the uterus

2. Body of the uterus 1

3. Cervix
2
4. External uterine orifice (11)

5. Vagina (4)

(di na naman daw kasama yung


internal nung uterus so wala
nang 3-5)