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Theatre concept

The term theatre derives from the Greek theatron, which means
place to behold. The term theatre designates simultaneously the
set of dramatic pieces for presentation in public and the building
where these pieces are presented.

It is an art form in which one or several actors present a certain

story that arouses in the audience varied feelings.

The name of dramaturgy is given to the art of writing plays, the

playwright being the person responsible for the composition of the

These are many theatre genres, among which stand out: auto,
comedy, drama, puppet, opera, musical, magazine, tragedy and

Theatre History
Ancient Egypt, India, China, Crete and Greece itself had a theatre,
even before the so-called Greek theatre. It had as main
characteristic its all based structure in the religion, we can,
therefore, point the theatre only liturgical. This same aspect is what
differentiates the Egyptians, Hindus, Chinese, Cretan and the only
Greek liturgical theatre of the Greek theatre.

It was in Greece that the real theatre emerged.

In Ancient Greece, the theatre emerged from manifestations to

Dionysius, god of wine, vegetation, ecstasy and metamorphoses.
Little by little, the Dionysian rituals were changing and turning into
tragedies and comedies. Dionysius thus became the god of the

Athens is considered the birthplace of the ancient theatre, and,

thus, also of the western theatre. "Doing

theatre" meant respecting and following
the worship of Dionysus.

The period between the 6th and 5th

centuries BC is known as the "Golden
Century". It was during this time that
Greek culture reached its peak. Athens
became the centre of these cultural
events and brought together authors
from all over Greece whose texts were
presented at festivals of veneration to

The annual festivals in honour of the god Dionsio (Bacchus, for the
Latins) understood, in their events, the representation of tragedies
and comedies. The first dramatic forms in Greece arose in this
context, initially with the Dionysian songs (ditirambos).

The tragedy, in its next stage, was realized with the representation
of the first tragedy, with Tspis. The introduction of second and third
actors in the tragedies came with Aeschylus and Sophocles. The
satirical play also emerged: the conservative Aristophanes creates a
genre unlike modern theatre, for aristophane comedy mingled
mythological parody with political satire. All roles were represented
by men, as women were not allowed to participate.

The writers often participated in both the performances and the

essays and the idealization of the choreography. The space used for
the staging in Athens was just a big circle. Over time, great
innovations were added to the Greek theatre, such as
professionalization, the structure of scenic spaces (emergence of
the high stage), etc. The writers of the dramatic texts took care of
practically all the stages of the productions.

You can see that, with so many influences, today's theatre is a very
rich, very mixed art. There are opera, puppet theatre, dance
theatre, musicals, street theatre, theatre made in alternative spaces
(such as hospitals, prisons), in short, a mixture of those!

When the cinema appeared more than a hundred years ago, many
people foresaw the end of the theatre. They said that cinema would
replace him, because he could create stories with much more
resemblance to reality. But that did not happen.

Those who thought this way did not realize that the great cheap of
the theatre is the fact that it is a living work of art, that is, it
depends on the presence of who acts and who watches. The theatre
is fascinating because it is a play of the imagination. Everyone is
tired of knowing that the scenery down there is not a forest ... so
what? In that moment and in that place, it will be a forest for those
people who are participating. When you go to the theatre, you do
not want to see the "straight" scene and it never changes. We want
to see the improvisation, the new, the different that lives in the
actors and the eyes of each audience.