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FDD-

LTE Parameter Optimization


Guide
R1.0
FDD-LTE Parameter Optimization Guide Secret

Revision History

Product Version Document Version Serial Number Reason for Revision


V1.00 R1.0 First published

Author

Date Document Version Prepared by Reviewed by Approved by


2014-06-25 R1.0 Wu Yun

Intended audience: FDD LTE network optimization engineers

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FDD-LTE Parameter Optimization Guide Secret

TABLE OF CONTENT

1 Preface..............................................................................................................1

1.1 Glossary............................................................................................................. 1

2 Basic Parameters of Cell Configuration.........................................................3

2.1 List of Basic Parameters....................................................................................3

2.2 Description of Basic Parameters of Cell Configuration.......................................3

3 Access Parameters..........................................................................................5

3.1 Access Procedure..............................................................................................5

3.2 List of Basic Access Parameters........................................................................7

3.3 Description of Basic Access Parameters............................................................8

4 Cell Selection and Reselection Parameters.................................................10

4.1 Cell Reselection Procedure..............................................................................10

4.2 List of Cell Selection and Reselection Parameters...........................................11

4.3 Description of Cell Selection and Reselection Parameter................................12

5 Handover Parameters....................................................................................15

5.1 Handover Procedure........................................................................................15

5.2 List of Handover Parameters...........................................................................16

5.3 Description of Handover Parameters...............................................................17

6 Power Parameters..........................................................................................21

6.1 List of Power Control Parameters....................................................................21

6.2 Description of Power Control Parameters........................................................22

7 CSFB Parameter.............................................................................................27

7.1 CSFB Procedure..............................................................................................27

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FDD-LTE Parameter Optimization Guide Secret

7.2 List of CSFB Parameter...................................................................................29

7.3 Description of CSFB Parameter.......................................................................29

8 Scheduling Parameters.................................................................................30

8.1 List of Scheduling Parameters.........................................................................30

8.2 Description of Scheduling Parameters.............................................................30

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FDD-LTE Parameter Optimization Guide Secret

FIGURES

Figure 3-1 Access Signaling Flow...........................................................................................5

Figure 3-2 Five Scenarios for Random Access.......................................................................7

Figure 4-1 Cell Reselection Procedure.................................................................................10

Figure 5-1 Intra-Frequency Handover Signaling Flow...........................................................15

Figure 7-1 Procedure of CSFB Based on Measurement.......................................................27

Figure 7-2 Procedure of Blind CSFB.....................................................................................28

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1 Preface
Parameter optimization has always been the most important part of network optimization
and it plays a significant role during the actual network optimization. With more
deployment of FDD-LTE networks, parameter optimization is playing an increasingly
important role in improving network coverage.

Meanwhile, because FDD-LTE networks are newly deployed, OMC personnel lack
enough operation experience and there are few technical documents in this regard. It is
imperative to provide a document about relevant parameters for them to enhance skills.
Therefore, ZTEs Wireless Network Planning & Wireless Network Optimization Product
Support Team compiled this document.

This document is applicable to network optimization engineers of different skill levels and
aims at help them improve their learning efficiency. The author analyzed the basic event
and signaling flow, and described the relevant parameters in details on the basis of rich
operation experience. The process of parameter learning is no more boring.

It should be noted that parameter optimization and adjustment is decided flexibly


according to the actual conditions. The parameter values in this document are just used
in common conditions. The user should analyze and set the parameters flexibly.

1.1 Glossary
The following table lists the acronyms in this document.

Acronym Full Name


ARFCN Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number
CA Carrier Aggregation
CCE Control Channel Element
CN Core Network
C-RNTI Cell Radio Network Temporary Identity
CSFB Circuit Switched Fall Back
DL Downlink
eNodeB/eNB evolved NodeB
EPRE Energy Per Resource Element
FDD Frequency Division Duplexing
GSM Global System for Mobile Communications
LTE Long Term Evolution
OFDM Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
PDSCH Physical Downlink Shared CHannel
Acronym Full Name
PHICH Physical HARQ Indicator CHannel
PRACH Physical Random Access CHannel
PUCCH Physical Uplink Control CHannel
PUSCH Physical Uplink Shared CHannel
RA-RNTI Random Access Radio Network Temporary Identity
RB Resource Block
RF Radio Frequency
RS Reference Signal
RSRP Reference Signal Received Power
Tx Transmission
UE User Equipment
UL Uplink
VPLMN Visited Public Land Mobile Network
2 Basic Parameters of Cell Configuration

2.1 List of Basic Parameters


Service
Default
Parameter Incidence Value Range Interrupted
Value
or not
0:outdoor micro cell
1:outdoor macro cell
ucCellCoverAtt Cell 1 2:outdoor super-large cell No
3:outdoor blind-spot
4:indoor cell
[1..5],[7..14],[17..28],
ucFreqBandInd Cell 1 No
[101..101]
ucPuschhopOfst Cell 12 [0..98] Yes
ucPuschNsb Cell 1 [1..4] No
ucPucchDeltaSh
Cell 1 0:1,1:2,2:3 Yes
f
ucNg Cell 1 0:1/6,1:1/2,2:1,3:2 Yes
ucPhichDuration Cell 0 0:normal,1:extended No

2.2 Description of Basic Parameters of Cell


Configuration
ucCellCoverAtt

ucCellCoverAtt indicates the cell coverage attribute and is used to specify some physical
channel parameters (for example, the CP length indicator). As a routine parameter, it should
be set according to the actual network conditions.

ucFreqBandInd

ucFreqBandInd is an indicator of the frequency band of UL and DL carriers. The UL and


DL carriers of a cell must be on the same frequency band. As a routine parameter, it
represents an operating E-UTRAN frequency band, including the UL (for the eNodeB to
receive signals and the UE to transmit signals) and DL (for the eNodeB to transmit signals
and the UE to receive signals).

ucPuschhopOfst

ucPuschhopOfst is related to the UL PUSCH hopping sub-band bandwidth. The sub-band


bandwidth is calculated by the following formula:
N_RB^sb = floor((N_RB^UL N_RB^PUCCH N_RB^N_HO mod 2) / N_sb)

Here N_RB^N_HO refers to the PuschHopOffset parameter.

As a routine parameter, ucPuschhopOfst affects the hopping of type1 and type2 whose Nsb
is not 1 and decides the range of the PUSCH that can be used by the hopping UE. The larger
the parameter value, the narrower the bandwidth that can be used for hopping. If a cell only
uses hopping to allocate UL resources, an improper parameter value will affect the RB
utilization rate and throughput on the UL of the cell.

ucPuschNsb

ucPuschNsb is a routine parameter. During the PUSCH hopping, the number of sub-bands
to be split from the system band is used to decide the size of a sub-band for hopping and the
value range of the hopping mode. The larger the parameter value, the less the UL resources
that can be allocated by type2.

ucPucchDeltaShf

ucPucchDeltaShf specifies the recycling offset of (n_s) of a cells PUCCH format


1/1a/1b. As a routine parameter, it decides the number of code division users of each RB of
PUCCH format 1/1a/1b. The smaller the parameter, the more the code division users of
each RB and the more the RBs occupied by the PUCCH if the amount of required resources
is fixed. The parameter should be set according to the PHY performance.

ucNg

As a routine parameter, ucNg is a factor for calculating the number of allocated PHICH
groups. A greater parameter value can increase the number of PHICH groups and the
PHICH resources and enhance the PHICH demodulation performance, but it will have a
limit on the number of CCEs of PDCCH. A smaller parameter value can decrease the
number of PHICH groups, but it will increase the code division multiplexing users in a
group, thereby severely undermining the PDCCH demodulation performance and
decreasing the number of supported users.

ucPhichDuration

ucPhichDuration decides the DL PHICH resource mapping mode (normal or extended).


When the mapping mode is normal, the PHICH is mapped to OFDM SYMB 0; otherwise, it
is mapped to the first three OFDM SYMBs. ucPhichDuration is a routine parameter. When
the bandwidth is small, the extended mode should be used, so as to enhance the PHICH
performance.
3 Access Parameters

3.1 Access Procedure

Figure 3-1 Access Signaling Flow

1. The UE sends a random access request (MSG1) to the destination eNB.

2. The eNB sends a random access response message (MSG2) to the UE. If multiple
UEs choose a same preamble at a same random chance, after the eNB detects
this preamble, it does not know that more than one UE has sent this preamble at a
same resource location. This is the issue to be solved in Step 4.
3. In the UL resources (at least 80 bits) allocated in the random access response, the
UE sends a UL message (MSG3) that carries the user ID according to the random
access scenario. The UL messages for different scenarios are as follows:
If multiple UEs choose a same random access preamble at the first step and send it at a
same chance (that is, a same RA-RNTI), the RAR reported by the eNB will be received by
multiple UEs at the same time. Those UEs will obtain a same temporary C-RNTI and send
the MSG3 through the UL authorization allocated in the random access response. The
MSG3 contains unique information for identifying different UEs.

4. The eNB sends a Contention Resolution message. Because multiple UEs may
send their respective MSG3s in a same UL authorization at the same time,
interference may arise among them. However, because usually the UL
authorization allocated for transmitting MSG3s adopts a low demodulation mode
and a high coding redundancy and the signals received by the eNB from different
UEs have different strengths, even if there is contention, the eNB is likely to
demodulate one of the MSG3s correctly. If the eNB demodulates an MSG3
correctly, an MSG4 will be generated and reported to the UE.

All the UEs that send an MSG3 will wait for the MSG4 and trigger the contention
resolution timer. According to the random access type, each UE will use a C-RNTI or
temporary C-RNTI for PDCCH reception. For the random access performed for initial
network access and RRC connection reestablishment, the UE uses a temporary C-RNTI
for PDCCH reception and it receives the MSG4 according to the PDCCH indication.
Then it compares its unique user ID with the user ID in the MSG4. Finally, there is only
one qualified UE at most. There are five scenarios for random access.

Figure 3-2 Five Scenarios for Random Access


3.2 List of Basic Access Parameters
Service
Default
Parameter Incidence Value Range Interrupted
Value
or not
[0..29],[31..45],[47..59],
ucPrachConfig Cell 5 No
[63..63]
ucPrachFreqO
Cell 6 [0..94] No
ffset
0:4,1:8,2:12,3:16,4:20,5:24,
ucNumRAPrea 6:28,7:32,8:36,
Cell 12 No
mbles 9:40,10:44,11:48,12:52,13:
56,14:60,15:64
wLogRtSeqSt
Cell 0 [0..837] No
Num
ucNcs Cell 10 [0..15] No
0:4,1:8,2:12,3:16,4:20,5:24,
ucSizeRAGrou 6:28,7:32,8:36,
Cell 11 No
pA 9:40,10:44,11:48,12:52,13:
56,14:60
ucPrachPwrSt
Cell 1 0:0,1:2,2:4,3:6 No
ep
ucPreambleTx 0:3,1:4,2:5,3:6,4:7,5:8,6:10,
Cell 5 No
Max 7:20,8:50,9:100,10:200
0:-120,1:-118,2:-116,3:-
114,4:-112,5:-110,6:-108,7:-
106,
ucPreInitPwr Cell 5 No
8:-104,9:-102,10:-100,11:-
98,12:-96,13:-94,14:-
92,15:-90
ucSelPreGrpT
Cell 0 0:56,1:144,2:208,3:256 No
hresh
ucMsgPwrOfst 0:Minusinfinity,1:0,2:5,3:8,4
Cell 3 No
GrpB :10,5:12,6:15,7:18
ucRARspWinS 0:2,1:3,2:4,3:5,4:6,5:7,6:8,7
Cell 7 No
ize :10

3.3 Description of Basic Access Parameters


ucPrachConfig

ucPrachConfig specifies the radio frame number and sub-frame number that are allowed to
be transmitted by the PRACH. Different configuration indicates the PRACH access chance.
The more the radio frame numbers and sub-frame numbers, the more the access chances.
ucPrachFreqOffset

ucPrachFreqOffset specifies the resource location occupied by the random access


preamble. The value range is as follows: 0 <= PrachFreqOffset <= N_RB^UL 6. The
PRACH occupies six RBs.

ucNumRAPreambles

ucNumRAPreambles specifies the number of signatures of non-dedicated random access


preambles in a cell.

wLogRtSeqStNum

wLogRtSeqStNum specifies the first index of logical root sequence that generates 64
PRACH preamble sequences in a cell. Each cell can have 64 valid preamble sequences.
These sequences are generated by the first root sequence indicated by the logical index
RACH_ROOT_SEQUENCE (broadcast through the system information message) through
all the valid recycling offsets. When the 64 preamble recycling sequences cannot be
generated through a Zadoff-Chu root sequence, the next consecutive index behind
RACH_ROOT_SEQUENCE can be used until 64 preamble sequence numbers are
generated.

ucNcs

ucNcs specifies the digits of recycling offset that generates PRACH preambles. Each cell
can have 64 valid preamble sequences. These sequences are generated by the first root
sequence indicated by the logical index RACH_ROOT_SEQUENCE (broadcast through the
system information message) through all the valid recycling offsets (related to Ncs). When
the 64 preamble recycling sequences cannot be generated through a Zadoff-Chu root
sequence, the next consecutive index behind RACH_ROOT_SEQUENCE can be used until
64 preamble sequence numbers are generated.

ucSizeRAGroupA

ucSizeRAGroupA specifies the number of signatures of random access preambles in


Group A of a cell.

ucPrachPwrStep

If the UE does not receive any response after sending a random access preamble, it will try
again with the Tx power plus PrStep until the number of times that the preamble is sent
reaches Max retrans number for prach.

ucPreambleTxMax

If the UE does not receive any response after sending a random access preamble, it will try
again with the Tx power plus Power step for prach until the number of times that the
preamble is sent reaches Max retrans number for prach.

ucPreInitPwr
ucPreInitPwr specifies the initial Tx power of a PRACH preamble.

ucSelPreGrpThresh

ucSelPreGrpThresh specifies the threshold of MSG3 when the UE chooses Group A or


Group B as the random access preamble.

ucMsgPwrOfstGrpB

It specifies the eNB-configured power control margin for transmitting MSG3. The UE uses
this parameter to distinguish whether the random access preamble is Group A or Group B.

ucRARspWinSize

When the UE sends a random access preamble, the UE will monitor the random access
response in an [RA_WINDOW_BEGINRA_WINDOW_END] window.
ucRARspWinSize specifies the size of this window.
4 Cell Selection and Reselection
Parameters

4.1 Cell Reselection Procedure

Figure 4-3 Cell Reselection Procedure

Cell reselection should meet the S criterion and the R criterion:

S criterion: Srxlev = Qrxlevmeas (Qrxlevmin + Qrxlevminoffset) - Pcompensation

Qrxlevmeas means the RSRP of the candidate cell.

Qrxlevmin and Qrxlevminoffset are both minimum received levels (in the SIB1)
configured in the SIB for the cell to camp. Qrxlevminoffset is used only when the UE
camps on a VPLMN cell.

Pcompensation: Pcompensation (dB) = MAX(PEMAX PUMAX, 0). PEMAX means the


maximum UL Tx power of the UE, and PUMAX means the maximum RF output power of
the UE.

This formula calculates the compensation of the UE Tx capacity and the maximum Tx
power allowed by the cell for cell selection. If the UE Tx capacity is stronger, then
Pcompensation = 0. Otherwise, the compensation of the UE Tx capacity to the access
threshold should be considered.

R criterion: The UE will rank the measurement results according to the R criterion.
If the cell of the highest rank ranks above the serving cell for a period longer than
Treselection, the UE should reselect this cell. The cells are ranked according to
the following formulae:

Rs = Qmeas,s + QHyst

Rn = Qmeas,n - Qoffset

Rs is the score of the quality of the serving cell and Rn is the score of the quality of a
neighbor cell.

Qmeas,s and Qmeas,n are the respective RSRP values of the serving cell and neighbor cell.

Q_Hyst is the parameter that controls the ranking hysteresis of the serving cell.

Q_offset defines the offset of the neighbor cell. For a co-frequency cell, it is the offset
based on cell. For a cell of the same priority but of a different frequency, it includes two
parts: the offset based on cell and the offset based on frequency.

4.2 List of Cell Selection and Reselection


Parameters
Service
Default
Parameter Incidence Value Range Interrupted
Value
or not
ucSelQrxLev
Cell -130 [-140..-44] step 2 No
Min
ucQrxLevMin
Cell 2 [2..16] step 2 No
Ofst
0:0,1:1,2:2,3:3,4:4,5:5,6:6,7:8,
8:10,9:12,
ucQhyst Cell 4 Yes
10:14,11:16,12:18,13:20,14:22
,15:24
ucSNintraSrc
Cell 12.5 [0..62] step 2 Yes
h
ucThreshSvr
Cell 6 [0..62] step 2 Yes
Low
ucIntraResel Cell 7 [0..7] Yes
Service
Default
Parameter Incidence Value Range Interrupted
Value
or not
Prio
ucIntraQrxLe
Cell -130 [-140..-44] step 2 Yes
vMin
ucSIntraSrch Cell 60 [0..62] step 2 Yes
uctRslIntraE
Cell 1 [0..7] Yes
utra

4.3 Description of Cell Selection and Reselection


Parameter
ucSelQrxLevMin

It specifies the minimum RxLev required for cell selection. The condition for cell selection
is met only when the RxLev of the measured cell is greater than Sel_Qrxlevmin. This
parameter is a routine parameter and should be configured according to the actual radio
environment and signal quality. If the parameter value is too large, it will be hard for the
cell to meet the condition for cell selection. If it is too small, probably the cell cannot
provide normal services for the UE and the user perception will deteriorate.

ucQrxLevMinOfst

ucQrxLevMinOfst specifies the offset of the minimum RxLev required for cell selection
and reselection. It will affect the threshold of minimum RxLev of a cell. As a routine
parameter, it can adjust selQrxLevMin.

ucQhyst

As a routine parameter, ucQhyst specifies the hysteresis for cell reselection decision. In the
R criterion for cell reselection ranking, the R value of the serving cell is the measured value
plus the reselection hysteresis. For details, see TS 36.304. For multiple co-frequency cells
or co-priority inter-frequency cells, ucQhyst may affect the probability of cell reselection.
A large value will decrease the probability of cell reselection, that is, it will be harder for
cell reselection to happen and the anti-slow-fading performance will become better, but the
UE will react to environment changes less sensitively. A small ucQhyst value will increase
the probability of ping pong handover.

ucSNintraSrch

It specifies S_nonintrasearch, the threshold for triggering inter-frequency or inter-RAT


measurement for cell reselection. The UE uses it to judge whether to perform measurement
on another system or carrier frequency whose priority is the same as or lower than the
current carrier frequency. If the quality of the serving cell is greater than S_nonintrasearch,
the UE will not perform the measurement; otherwise, the UE will perform the measurement.
For details, see TS 36.304. As a routine parameter, ucSNintraSrch mainly affects the
starting time of inter-frequency measurement. If the value is too large, inter-frequency
measurement will be triggered too early, which will consume more power; if it is too small,
inter-frequency measurement will be triggered too late, which may cause reselection failure.

ucThreshSvrLow

ucThreshSvrLow specifies the lower threshold used by the serving carrier when a carrier
or system of a lower priority is selected. The following conditions for reselection must be
satisfied at the same time:

i. No cell of a higher-priority system or a higher-priority carrier frequency meets


the condition for reselection.

ii. In a period of Treselection, SServingCell < ThresholdServing_Low and


SnonServingCell,x of a cell of a lower-priority system or a lower-priority carrier
frequency > ThresholdX_Low (including inter-frequency and inter-RAT)

iii. The UE has camped on the serving cell for more than one second. For details,
see TS 36.304. ucThreshSvrLow is a routine parameter. If there is a cell of a
lower-priority carrier frequency, this threshold decides that when the channel
quality of the serving cell is below a threshold, the UE will judge whether the
channel quality of the cell of a lower-priority carrier frequency meets the
condition for it to camp.

ucIntraReselPrio

ucIntraReselPrio specifies the reselection priority for intra-frequency cells. The smaller
the value of cell reselection priority, the lower the priority. As a routine parameter,
ucIntraReselPrio decides the order of co-frequency cells for the UE to reselect and camp
and thereby affects the user distribution in the network.

ucIntraQrxLevMin

ucIntraQrxLevMin specifies the minimum RxLev required for intra-frequency cell


reselection. As a routine parameter, it should be configured according to the actual radio
environment and signal quality. If the parameter value is too large, it will be hard for the
cell to meet the condition for cell reselection. If it is too small, probably the cell cannot
provide normal services for the UE and the user perception will deteriorate.

ucSIntraSrch

ucSIntraSrch specifies S_intrasearch, the threshold for triggering intra-frequency


measurement for cell reselection. The UE uses it to judge whether to perform intra-
frequency measurement. If the quality of the serving cell is greater than S_intrasearch, the
UE will not perform intra-frequency measurement; otherwise, the UE will perform intra-
frequency measurement. For details, see TS 36.304. As a routine parameter, ucSIntraSrch
mainly decides the starting time of intra-frequency measurement and affects the power
consumption of the UE.

uctRslIntraEutra
As a routine parameter, uctRslIntraEutra specifies the timer for intra-frequency cell
reselection. The UE must judge the co-frequency cell for reselection in the period specified
by uctRslIntraEutra. In the period of TreselectionIntraEUTRAN, only when a new
EUTRAN intra-frequency cell is better than the serving cell according to the R criterion can
it be selected as the new serving cell.
5 Handover Parameters

5.1 Handover Procedure

Figure 5-4 Intra-Frequency Handover Signaling Flow

Intra-RAT handover: A1, A2, A3, A4, and A5

Inter-RAT handover: B1, and B2

Event A1 (Serving becomes better than threshold)

Event A2 (Serving becomes worse than threshold)

Event A3 (Neighbour becomes offset better than serving)


Event A4 (Neighbour becomes better than threshold)

Event A5 (Serving becomes worse than threshold1 and neighbour becomes


better than threshold2)

Event B1 (Inter RAT neighbour becomes better than threshold)

Event B2 (Serving becomes worse than threshold1 and inter RAT neighbour
becomes better than threshold2)

5.2 List of Handover Parameters


Service
Default
Parameter Incidence Value Range Interrupted
Value
or not
0:-24,1:-22,2:-20,3:-18,4:-16,5:-
14,6:-12,7:-10,8:-8,9:-6,
ucCellIndivO 10:-5,11:-4,12:-3,13:-2,14:-
Cell 15 No
ffset 1,15:0,16:1,17:2,18:3,19:4,20:5,
21:6,22:8,23:10,24:12,25:14,26:
16,27:18,28:20,29:22,30:24
ucTrigQuan eNodeB 0 0:RSRP,1:RSRQ Yes
ucReportQu 0:same as the event-triggering
eNodeB 1 No
an variable,1:RSRP and RSRQ
ucRsrpThres
eNodeB -75 [-140..-43] No
hold
ucRsrqThres
eNodeB -8 [-20..-3] step 0.5 No
hold
ucA5Thrd2R
eNodeB -90 [-140..-43] No
srp
ucA5Thrd2R
eNodeB -11 [-20..-3] step 0.5 No
srq
ucHysteresis eNodeB 0 [0..15] step 0.5 No
0:0 ms,1:40 ms,2:64 ms,3:80
ms,4:100 ms,5:128 ms,6:160
ms,7:256 ms,8:320 ms,9:480
ucTrigTime eNodeB 7 Yes
ms,10:512 ms,11:640
ms,12:1024 ms,13:1280
ms,14:2560 ms,15:5120 ms
0:120 ms,1:240 ms,2:480
ms,3:640 ms,4:1024 ms,5:2048
ms,6:5120 ms,7:10240 ms,8:1
ucRptIntvl eNodeB 4 No
minute,9:6 minutes,10:12
minutes,11:30 minutes,12:60
minutes
Service
Default
Parameter Incidence Value Range Interrupted
Value
or not
0:1,1:2,2:4,3:8,4:16,5:32,6:64,7:
ucRptAmt eNodeB 2 No
no limit
ucMaxRptCe
eNodeB 8 [1..8] No
llNum
ucReportOn
eNodeB 0 0:No,1:Yes No
Leave
ucA3offset eNodeB 3 [-15..15] step 0.5 No
ucA6offset eNodeB 3 [-15..15] step 0.5 No

5.3 Description of Handover Parameters


ucCellIndivOffset

ucCellIndivOffset specifies the individual offset between cells. As a routine parameter, it


distinguishes the candidate target cells for handover. The effect is equivalent to configuring
the difficulty levels of handover to different cells.

ucTrigQuan

As a routine parameter, ucTrigQuan specifies the variable for triggering a measurement


event. When the UE detects that the value of ucTrigQuan has reached the threshold for
triggering an event, a co-frequency measurement event will be triggered. RSRP and RSRQ
respectively indicate the received power and quality of the reference signal.

rsrp: the event is to be triggered by RSRP, that is, the UE will judge the
condition for reporting an event according the measured RSRP value.

rsrq: the event is to be triggered by RSRQ, that is, the UE will judge the
condition for reporting an event according the measured RSRQ value.

RSRP reflects the signal strength. RSRQ = NRSRP/(E-UTRA carrier RSSI). Because the
denominator includes DL interference, RSRQ can be used to show the DL radio conditions
of the UE. Therefore, in a scenario with severe interference, for example, in a large
architecture, an area covered by a micro cell or an indoor coverage area, it is suggested to
choose rsrq.

ucReportQuan

As a routine parameter, ucReportQuan specifies whether the UE should report the


measured RSRP and/or RSRQ value(s).

sameAsTriggerQuantity: report the measured value of the event-triggering


variable. If the ucTrigQuan parameter is set to rsrp, only the RSRP value will
be reported in the measurement report; if it is set to rsrq, only the RSRQ
value will be reported.

both: report both the measured RSRP and RSRQ values no matter which
option is selected for the ucTrigQuan parameter.

ucRsrpThreshold

ucRsrpThreshold specifies the absolute RSRP threshold for judging events of the serving
cell during the measurement. These events include the A1, A2, A4, and A5 events. As a
routine parameter, it means the RSRP value required for triggering an event. If the
parameter value is too large, it will be hard to meet the conditions for triggering an event. If
the event is not reported in time, probably handover will be too late and then the handover
success rate will be affected. If the value is too small, probably handover will be too early
and fail.

ucRsrqThreshold

ucRsrqThreshold specifies the absolute RSRQ threshold for judging events of the serving
cell during the measurement. These events include the A1, A2, A4, and A5 events. As a
routine parameter, it means the RSRQ value required for triggering an event. If the
parameter value is too large, it will be hard to meet the conditions for triggering an event. If
the event is not reported in time, probably handover will be too late and then the handover
success rate will be affected. If the value is too small, probably handover will be too early
and fail.

ucA5Thrd2Rsrp

ucA5Thrd2Rsrp specifies the absolute RSRP threshold2 for judging Event A5 of the
neighbor cell during the measurement. As a routine parameter, it may affect the handover
success rate. The larger the parameter value is, the harder it will be for the neighbor cell to
meet the handover condition; the smaller, the easier. Configure this parameter according to
the actual demands. The thresholds for events of different functions are different.

ucA5Thrd2Rsrq

ucA5Thrd2Rsrq specifies the absolute RSRQ threshold2 for judging Event A5 of the
neighbor cell during the measurement. As a routine parameter, it may affect the handover
success rate. The larger the parameter value is, the harder it will be for the neighbor cell to
meet the handover condition; the smaller, the easier. Configure this parameter according to
the actual demands. The thresholds for events of different functions are different.

ucHysteresis

As a routine parameter, ucHysteresis specifies the hysteresis for judging an event. A large
parameter value can help avoid triggering events caused by the fluctuations of signal
strength, especially ping pong handover on cell borders. If the parameter value is too small,
ping pong handover may happen.

ucTrigTime
ucTrigTime specifies the period from the monitored event happen time to the event report
time. Only when the event is monitored and the condition for triggering the event is met
throughout the period indicated by this parameter will the event be triggered and reported.
As a routine parameter, it may affect the UE handover success rate. If the parameter value is
too large, probably the event will not be triggered in time; if it is too small, the event may
be triggered frequently.

ucRptIntvl

As a routine parameter, ucRptIntvl specifies the interval of MR reporting after an event is


triggered. When an event is triggered, the UE will report the measurement result at intervals
specified by the ucRptIntvl parameter. The larger the parameter value, the longer the
interval of MR reporting, which may affect the effect of the function. The smaller the value,
the more frequent the MR reporting, which will increase the signaling load.

ucRptAmt

As a routine parameter, ucRptAmt specifies the maximum number of times of MR


reporting after an event is triggered. When an event is triggered, the UE will report the
measurement result at intervals specified by the ucRptIntvl parameter. If the number of
times of MR reporting reaches ucRptAmt, the measurement result will not be reported. The
smaller the parameter value, the smaller the number of times of MR reporting, which may
affect the effect of the function. The greater the value, the more frequent the MR reporting,
which will increase the signaling load and consume more UE power.

ucMaxRptCellNum

ucMaxRptCellNum specifies the maximum cell number in an MR. As a routine parameter,


it may affect the handover success rate. The parameter value decides the maximum number
of candidate target cells for handover. If it is wrong, probably the UE will unable to select a
proper cell and the handover may fail.

ucReportOnLeave

ucReportOnLeave specifies whether to initialize the measurement reporting procedure


when the condition for leaving an event is satisfied. As a routine parameter, it is used to
report neighbor cells with weak signals and small interference during the ICIC function
measurement.

ucA3offset

ucA3offset specifies a condition for triggering RSRP reporting. When the RSRP difference
between the neighbor cell and the serving cell is greater than this value (unit: dB), RSRP
reporting will be triggered. As a routine parameter, it may affect the handover success rate
of the UE.

ucA6offset

ucA6offset specifies the actual value of the threshold for Event A6. It should be half of the
value in TS 36.331. As a routine parameter, it may affect the success rate for the UE to
replace a secondary carrier for CA.
6 Power Parameters

6.1 List of Power Control Parameters


Service
Default
Parameter Incidence Value Range Interrupted
Value
or not
wMaxCellTran
Cell 60 [0..60] step 0.1 No
sPwr
wCellTransPwr Cell 43 [0..60] step 0.1 No
wCellSpeRefSi
Cell 15 [-60..50] step 1 No
gPwr
ucPmax Cell 23 [-30..33] Yes
ucIntraPmax Cell 23 [-30..33] Yes
0:0,1:0.4,2:0.5,3:0.6,4:0.7,5:0
ucAlfa Cell 5 No
.8,6:0.9,7:1.0
ucP0NominalP
Cell -105 [-127..-96] No
ucch
ucdtaPoPucch
Cell 2 0:-2,1:0,2:2 No
F1
ucdtaPoPucch
Cell 1 0:1,1:3,2:5 No
F1b
ucdtaPoPucch
Cell 2 0:-2,1:0,2:1,3:2 No
F2
ucdtaPoPucch
Cell 2 0:-2,1:0,2:2 No
F2a
ucdtaPoPucch
Cell 2 0:-2,1:0,2:2 No
F2b
ucdtaPrmbMs
Cell 2 [-1..6] No
g3
0:0,1:1,2:2,3:3,4:4,5:5,6:6,7:7
ucFilterCoeffR
Cell 2 ,8:8,9:9,10:11,11:13,12:15,13 No
SRP
:17,14:19
ucDCI3A3Swc
Cell 0 0:No,1:Yes No
hPUSCH
0:Format 3A Power Control
Adjust Step[-1,1],1:Format 3
Power Control Adjust Step[-
ucDCI3A3SelP
Cell 1 1,0,1,3],2:Format 3A Power No
USCH
Control Adjust Step[-1,1] or
Format 3 Power Control
Adjust Step[-1,0,1,3]
Service
Default
Parameter Incidence Value Range Interrupted
Value
or not
ucDCI3A3Swc
Cell 0 0:No,1:Yes No
hPUCCH
0:Format 3A Power Control
Adjust Step[-1,1],1:Format 3
Power Control Adjust Step[-
ucDCI3A3SelP
Cell 1 1,0,1,3],2:Format 3A Power No
UCCH
Control Adjust Step[-1,1] or
Format 3 Power Control
Adjust Step[-1,0,1,3]
ucKs Cell 0 0:0,1:1.25 No
ucPuschPCAdj 0:Current
Cell 0 No
Type absolute,1:Accumulation
ucDlRsrpEvent
Cell 0 0:Close,1:Open No
MeasSwitch
ucDlRsrpPerio
Cell 0 0:Close,1:Open No
dMeasSwitch
ucDeltaMsg3 Cell 5 [0..10] No
ucP0UePusch
Cell 0 [-8..7] No
1Pub
ucP0UePucch
Cell 0 [-8..7] No
Pub
ucPB Cell 1 0:0,1:1,2:2,3:3 No

6.2 Description of Power Control Parameters


wMaxCellTransPwr

wMaxCellTransPwr specifies the maximum Tx power that can be used by a cell. As a


routine parameter, it sets an upper limit to the actual Tx power of a cell.

wCellTransPwr

wCellTransPwr specifies the Tx power actually used by a cell. As a routine parameter, it


indicates the actual Tx power of a cell calculated according to the cell bandwidth, number
of ports, power of a cells reference signals, and values of PA and PB.

wCellSpeRefSigPwr

wCellSpeRefSigPwr indicates the (absolute) power of a cells reference signals on every


resource element. As a routine parameter, it shows the Tx power of a cells reference signals
and decides the coverage area of a cell. The larger the parameter value, the wider the
coverage area. If the coverage area of a cell is fixed, an over-large value will increase the
interference between cells and an over-small value will cause incomplete coverage.
ucPmax

ucPmax specifies the maximum allowed UE Tx power configured by the high layer. As a
routine parameter, it may affect the evaluation result of the UE on the channel quality and
thereby affect the cell that the UE finally camps on.

ucIntraPmax

Intra_Pmax specifies the maximum UE UL Tx power configured for a cell and it is related
to the UE model. It is used for intra-frequency neighbor reselection. If it is not configured,
the UE will handle it according to its own capability. As a routine parameter, ucIntraPmax
may affect the evaluation result of the UE on the channel quality and thereby affect the co-
frequency cell that the UE finally camps on.

ucAlfa

ucAlfa is used to make for the path loss of a cell during the calculation of PUSCH Tx
power. It is used in the scenario of PUSCH data transmission for half-static or dynamic
scheduling authorization, that is, the case of j=0 or j=1. As a routine parameter, it is a
coefficient of the Tx power. If the parameter value is increased, the UE Tx power and Rx
power at the same path loss point will increase, but the interference will also increase
accordingly.

ucP0NominalPucch

As a routine parameter, ucP0NominalPucch specifies the nominal power of the cell used
by the PUCCH and is used to calculate PUSCH Tx power and to show the difference
between different cells power. If the parameter value is increased, the expected PUCCH Rx
power of the cell and the UE Tx power will increase, and the PUCCH performance will also
be improved, but interference to neighbor cells will increase.

ucdtaPoPucchF1

As a routine parameter, ucdtaPoPucchF1 specifies the required power offset on PUCCH


Format 1 to PUCCH Format 1a. If the value is decreased, the demodulation performance of
format1 may be affected.

ucdtaPoPucchF1b

As a routine parameter, ucdtaPoPucchF1b specifies the required power offset on PUCCH


Format 1b to PUCCH Format 1a. If the value is decreased, the demodulation performance
of format1b may be affected. If it is increased, the power may be wasted or interference to
neighbor cells may increase.

ucdtaPoPucchF2

As a routine parameter, ucdtaPoPucchF2 specifies the required power offset on PUCCH


Format 2 to PUCCH Format 1a. If the value is decreased, the demodulation performance of
format2 may be affected. If it is increased, the power may be wasted or interference to
neighbor cells may increase.
ucdtaPoPucchF2a

As a routine parameter, ucdtaPoPucchF2a specifies the required power offset on PUCCH


Format 2a to PUCCH Format 1a. If the value is decreased, the demodulation performance
of format2a may be affected.

ucdtaPoPucchF2b

As a routine parameter, ucdtaPoPucchF2b specifies the required power offset on PUCCH


Format 2b to PUCCH Format 1a. If the value is decreased, the demodulation performance
of format2b may be affected.

ucdtaPrmbMsg3

ucdtaPrmbMsg3 specifies a power offset based on the PREACH message and is used to
offset the impact of different message formats on power. As a routine parameter, it refers to
the power offset of MSG3 based on the preamble. A large value can help increase the
success rate of MSG3 but may also cause interference to neighbor cells.

ucFilterCoeffRSRP

ucFilterCoeffRSRP specifies the filter coefficient for RSRP measurement during the
calculation of PUSCH, PUCCH, and SRS. As a routine parameter, it reflects the filter
smoothness of the PHY-layer sampling results. The purpose of filter is trying to obtain the
main characteristics of radio signal changes rather than filtering as much small-amplitude
attenuation as possible. Though large-amplitude attenuation decides the main trend of signal
changes, small-amplitude attenuation also can reflect some problems and the signal changes
also may affect the service quality. If a parameter value is too large, the history value will
take up a larger proportion and the impact of current small-amplitude attenuation cannot
show up, so the frequency of PHR reporting will become lower and the AMC strategy will
be affected. If a parameter value is too small, the real-time value will take up a larger
proportion, and the impact of current large-amplitude attenuation will be limited, so the
reported PHR value will change frequently.

ucDCI3A3SwchPUSCH

This parameter specifies whether to enable a PUSCH to use DCI3/DCI3A for the
transmission of TPC commands. When calculating the Tx power of SRS signals, it is
required to add a power offset on the basis of the PUSCH power. For Ks = 1.25 and Ks = 0,
the power offsets are different. When Ks = 1.25, the actual SRS power offset = PoSRS 3;
when Ks = 0, the actual SRS power offset = -10.5 + 1.5 * PoSR. ucDCI3A3SwchPUSCH
is a routine parameter. To enable this parameter, the UE should support the DCI3/3A format,
but currently some UEs do not support it.

ucDCI3A3SelPUSCH

When the PUSCH power adjustment mode is accumulative, ucDCI3A3SelPUSCH is used


to select the value range of power control step size used by the TPC command of the
PUSCH indicated by the PDCCH DCI format 3/3A. As a routine parameter, it decides the
power control format of DCI3/3A.
ucDCI3A3SwchPUCCH

As a routine parameter, ucDCI3A3SwchPUCCH decides whether the PUCCH indicated by


PDCCH DCI 3/3A is valid. To enable this parameter, the UE should support the DCI3/3A
format, but currently some UEs do not support it.

ucDCI3A3SelPUCCH

ucDCI3A3SelPUCCH is used to select the value range of the power control step size used
by the TPC command of the PUCCH indicated by the PDCCH DCI format 3/3A. As a
routine parameter, it decides the power control format of DCI3/3A.

ucKs

As a routine parameter, ucKs decides the Ks value. Ks refers to the power offset under the
circumstance of a certain demodulation and code rate and is used to offset the impact of the
demodulation and code rate on deviation of the UL physical channel. If the value of this
parameter is 0, then Ks = 0 and there is no power offset; if the value of this parameter is 1,
then Ks = 1.25 and there is power offset. Currently only 0 is supported.

ucPuschPCAdjType

ucPuschPCAdjType specifies the adjustment type of PUSCH closed-loop power control.


As a routine parameter, it decides the way that the power control command of PUSCH takes
effect.

ucDlRsrpEventMeasSwitch

ucDlRsrpEventMeasSwitch is a switch for DL RSRP event measurement. It is a routine


parameter.

ucDlRsrpPeriodMeasSwitch

ucDlRsrpPeriodMeasSwitch is a switch for DL RSRP periodic measurement. It is a


routine parameter.

ucDeltaMsg3

ucDeltaMsg3 specifies the closed-loop power control margin of MSG3. As a routine


parameter, it decides the Tx power of MSG3.

ucP0UePusch1Pub

ucP0UePusch1Pub specifies the UE power offset (general initial value) required by the
PUSCH for sending data in the mode of semi-static scheduling authorization. As a critical
parameter, it decides the expected received power of the UE for SPS services, the UE Tx
power, and the spectrum efficiency, and may increase the interference to neighbor cells.

ucP0UePucchPub

ucP0UePucchPub specifies the UE power offset (general initial value) required by the
PUSCH for sending data in the mode of dynamic scheduling authorization. As a critical
parameter, it decides the expected received power of the UE for dynamic scheduling
services, the UE Tx power, and the spectrum efficiency, and may increase the interference
to neighbor cells.

ucPB

ucPB means the ratio of the PDSCH EPRE that includes a cells RS to the PDSCH EPRE
that does not include a cells RS. As a routine parameter, it is the ratio of the power of Type-
B symbols (PDSCH EPRE that includes a cells RS) and the power of Type-A symbols
(PDSCH EPRE that does not include a cells RS). If the PA is fixed, this parameter will
affect the actual Tx power of each data carrier of Type-B OFDM symbols.
7 CSFB Parameter

7.1 CSFB Procedure

Figure 7-5 Procedure of CSFB Based on Measurement


Figure 7-6 Procedure of Blind CSFB

When a UE camps on an LTE cell and initiates a CS service, the LTE system will
perform CSFB to switch the UEs CS service to a 3G network.

For the current networks, CSFB based on blind redirection is recommended.

When the CS service finishes, because the UTRAN does not support handover to
LTE, to return to the LTE network, the UE should be released to the idle status first
and then reselect the LTE cell. There is a new function called fast return at the
UMTS side: After the CSFB is finished, an LTE frequency is carried in the
release message, so as to let the UE return to the LTE system.
7.2 List of CSFB Parameter
Default Service
Parameter Incidence Value Range
Value Interrupted or not
ucRd4Coverage Cell 1 0:Off,1:Open No

7.3 Description of CSFB Parameter


ucRd4Coverage

It is a switch for the coverage-based redirection algorithm and is a critical parameter. For
the scenario of mobility management based on coverage, because PS HO and CCO have
better performance than redirection, PS HO and CCO are preferred as long as the UE and
network support them. Only when the UE or network does not support them can redirection
be considered. When the terminal does not support handover, if this switch is not switched
on, the service continuity may be affected.
8 Scheduling Parameters

8.1 List of Scheduling Parameters


Service
Default
Parameter Incidence Value Range Interrupted
Value
or not
0:Dynamic
ucCFI Cell 2 No
adjustment,1:1,2:2,3:3,4:4
ucUl64Qam
Cell 1 0:Not supported,1:Supported No
DemSpInd
ucMaxHARQ
Cell 5 [1..8] No
Msg3Tx
timeAlignTim 0:500,1:750,2:1280,3:1920,4:2
Cell 7 No
er 560,5:5120,6:10240,7:Infinity

8.2 Description of Scheduling Parameters


ucCFI

ucCFI indicates the CFI configured for a cell by the high layer. The parameter value can be
0, 1, 2, or 3. As a routine parameter, if the CFI value is too small, only a few UEs can be
scheduled and the services have the risk of timeout.

ucUl64QamDemSpInd

As a routine parameter, ucUl64QamDemSpInd indicates whether a cell has the capacity


for 64QAM demodulation.

ucMaxHARQMsg3Tx

As a routine parameter, ucMaxHARQMsg3Tx indicates the maximum number of times of


MSG 3 HARQ transmission in the process of random access. The larger the parameter
value, the higher the MSG3 detection probability and the longer the delay.

timeAlignTimer

In the valid period of Time Alignment Timer, the UE is considered to be in a


synchronization state. When a timer expires, before the UE sends any UL data, it will
initiate a random access procedure to request timing assignment commands. As a routine
parameter, the protocol stipulates that when Time Alignment Timer expires, the UE will
clear all the HARQ buffers and ask the RRC to release the SRS and PUCCH resources and
clear all the DL allocation and UL authorization. Here to avoid the case that the timer
expires and brings about severe impact, an infinite value should be set for timeAlignTimer
and then the eNodeB will not have to send TA MAC CEs frequently. The eNodeB only
needs to send the TA MAC CEs according to the UL delay, so the traffic channel and
control channel resources, especially the control channel resources, will not be wasted.