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Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for classroom use.

Internet ActIvItIes

Unit 1
Unit 1

Social networking sites are a relatively new phenomenon. People started to use them in the late 1990s, and they continue to grow in popularity. Not only are established sites gaining more and more members, but new sites are starting up every day.

A | Do a search to find answers to the questions about one of these sites: Facebook, MySpace, MyHeritage, Bebo, or hi5.

• When did the site start?

• What is the purpose of the site?

• Approximately how many people use the site?

• Who started the site?

• What languages can be used on the site?

B | Share your information with the class. Then tell the class which site appeals most to you and why.

ExamplE: The site that appeals most to me is Facebook. It allows friends and relatives to stay in touch with each other. Three generations in my family are on Facebook—myself, my mother, and my grandmother. My mother uses the site to find out what her children, including me, are doing. I like the site because

Unit 2
Unit 2

While marriage customs differ across cultures, marriage itself is a key human institution. A recent survey of 34 nations put the divorce rate at its highest in the United States and its lowest in Sri Lanka. Another survey showed Belarus with the highest divorce rate and the United States in twelfth position. Still another survey of 11 nations showed Canada and the United States as being the countries with the highest percentage of happily married couples.

A | Do a search to find five interesting statistics about marriage. Find statistics on these three items. Then add two of your own.

• the country with the highest percentage of married adults

• the country with the lowest percentage of married adults

• the longest marriage on record

B | Share your information with the class. Discuss the positive and negative aspects of marriage. Do they think being in a long-term relationship without being married is very different from being married?

ExamplE: In the United States, about 60 percent of all adults are married; about 10 percent are divorced; about 24 percent have never been married. Some research showed that married people are healthier

Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for classroom use.

Unit 3
Unit 3

Vacation travel to and from a wide range of places around the world has become more popular and more affordable in many areas.

Work in small groups. Choose a vacation spot that you would like to visit. Do a search and find some interesting facts about it. Then describe your place to the class. Say what you’ll be doing there, but don’t say its name. The class must guess your vacation spot.

ExamplE: When I get to my destination, here’s what I’ll be doing:

• I’ll be exploring Witomo Cave on the North Island.

• I’ll be seeing yellow-eyed penguins on the Otago Peninsula.

• I’ll be walking on Fox Glacier.

• I’ll be seeing lots of kiwis.

• I’ll be learning about Maori culture.

(Answer: New Zealand)

Unit 4
Unit 4

While there are many similarities in the ways people act in social situations across cultures, there are also many practices that differ.

A | Do a search to find answers to these cultural questions:

• When you are invited to a person’s house in Lebanon and are giving a gift, which hand should you use?

• If you are invited to a Brazilian’s house for dinner, should you arrive early, on time, or late?

• If you are invited to someone’s house in China and want to give a gift, should you give four items of something? Should you give eight items?

• If you give flowers as a gift in Hungary, should you give them in even or odd numbers?

B | Share your information with the class. Compare the customs to those in your own country. Are they similar or different?

ExamplE: When you enter a house in Japan, you should remove your shoes and arrange them so that they point toward the door. This practice is quite different from that in the United States, where in most cases people do not remove their shoes when they are visiting someone’s home.

Unit 5
Unit 5

Most of us are intrigued by mysteries and puzzles. For example, people around the world continue to be fascinated with the question of the Loch Ness Monster. Loch Ness in Scotland is the largest body of freshwater in Great Britain, and over the decades, there have been a number of sightings of a strange-looking, long-necked creature. Does “Nessie” really exist, and if so, what is it? There are many theories, but no answers.

Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for classroom use.

A | Do a search to find information about a mystery or puzzle that intrigues you. You can choose one of the topics below or choose your own topic:

• The lost continent of Atlantis

• UFOs

• crop circles

• the Voynich manuscript

• the Taos hum

B | Share your information with the class. Does anyone have more information about your mystery or puzzle?

ExamplE: I am studying dinosaurs in one of my classes, and I think the Loch Ness monster looks like a plesiosaur. It may have survived extinction because it was stronger than the other

Unit 6
Unit 6

People all over the world are increasingly interested in health: We want to know how to combat disease, how to improve poor health, and how to maximize good health.

A | Do a search on one of these topics:

• a health issue you are concerned about

• a specific diet you are interested in

B | Report your findings to the class. For health issues, tell the class what you have learned, including information about prevention, symptoms, and treatment. For diets, explain what the diet is and discuss its advantages and disadvantages.

ExamplEs: A: I learned about diabetes. I discovered that people with a borderline diagnosis may be able to control the problem by changing their diet. B: I learned about the Atkins diet. It’s a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet. The advantages of it are that you can lose weight on it and eat foods like beef, eggs, and cheese

Unit 7
Unit 7

While environmental consciousness has been raised around the world over the last few decades, many animals and plants remain endangered or threatened. Often because of the efforts of environmentalists, some species have begun to make a recovery in their numbers, while for others, the future is uncertain.

A | Do a search to find out the status of these three endangered animals. Then add one example of your own.

• the whooping crane

• the giant panda

• the Siberian tiger

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B | Share your findings with the class. Discuss how serious you think the problem of endangered species is. What do you think should be done about it?

ExamplE: The American bald eagle, which is the national symbol of the United States, came close in the 20th century to being wiped out. Decades of hunting and pesticide use had vastly reduced the numbers of these birds. However, pesticides such as DDT were banned in the 1970s, and other methods of protection of these birds have been in force for a considerable time. The result is that the bald eagle has made a partial recovery; it has been moved from the endangered list to the threatened list.

U nit 8
U nit 8

International travel has become increasingly more common over the last few decades, and in some nations tourism has become the number one industry. Travelers need to be aware of currency issues and ask questions such as: Should I get a significant amount of money in the currencies of the countries to which I’m traveling? Should I use my credit card? Should I purchase travelers’ checks?

A | Imagine that you are going to take a trip to Europe. Do a search to find answers to these questions:

• What is the current exchange rate between the euro and that of my country?

• What E.U. countries do not use the euro?

• What currencies should I use in those countries?

B | Share your findings with the class. Ask if anyone has ever had difficulties shopping while traveling abroad. How can one know a reasonable amount to pay for something outside of one’s own country? For example, what is the price range for a rug or a painting?

ExamplE: The current exchange rate between the U.S. dollar and the euro, as of this writing, is 1 euro = $1.3723. Best recommendation: Use your credit card for most purchases; get some currency in euros.

U nit 9
U nit 9

Unexpected events in history are always interesting. In 1948, Harry Truman was running for president. He had been the vice president under Franklin Roosevelt and became president upon Roosevelt’s death in 1945. By the time the 1948 election rolled around, he was thought to be rather unpopular. Opinion polls predicted that Truman would surely lose the election to Thomas Dewey. On election night, Dewey had a strong lead early in the evening. In fact, the Chicago Tribune famously printed the next day’s newspaper with the headline “Dewey Defeats Truman.” Of course, the newspaper was wrong; Truman in fact won the election, and not by a small margin.

A | Do a search to find out what was unexpected about one of these topics:

• the Spruce Goose of Howard Hughes

• the discovery of black swans in Australia in 1697

• the reign of King Edward VIII of England

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B | Share your findings with the class. Ask class members to discuss any unexpected events in history that they find interesting.

ExamplE:

Susan Boyle, a Scottish mezzo-soprano singer, appeared as a contestant on the TV show Britain’s Got Talent on April 11, 2009. Her unassuming appearance led audience members and judges not to expect a great deal from her singing. However, she changed everyone’s perception through her rendition of “I Dreamed a Dream” from the musical play Les Miserables. Susan received a standing ovation from the crowd and has since gone on to become a well-known singer internationally. She released her first album in November 2009.

Unit 10
Unit 10

Bumper stickers have been in existence for almost as long as cars have. Automaker Henry Ford, responding to the increasing number of accidents after cars had become popular, created the car bumper as a means of protection. Soon after, the idea of combining mobility with the individual desire to express opinions resulted in the bumper sticker—an adhesive label to be applied to the rear of an automobile. Bumper stickers are used to present various kinds of messages: religious, political, humorous, and advertising.

A | Do a search for two bumper stickers: one political and one humorous. Decide what subject area you would like to focus on so you can narrow your search. For example, use key words such as bumper stickers + driving.

B | Share your examples with the class. As a class, discuss whether the political bumper sticker is effective and whether the humorous bumper sticker is amusing. The class decides which bumper stickers are the most humorous and most effective. Rate each humorous bumper sticker with one of these terms:

Hilarious Amusing Average Not very amusing Not funny at all

ExamplE: Humorous bumper sticker: I’M JUST DRIVING THIS WAY TO GET YOU MAD.

I rate this bumper sticker as amusing because I believe there is a certain amount of truth in it. I sometimes think that certain motorists deliberately drive poorly in an attempt to annoy or irritate other drivers.

Unit 11
Unit 11

Quotations, whether by people who are famous or not, are interesting because they give us insight into cultural beliefs and practices and can also give us new ways to look at commonly known facts and ideas.

A | Divide into four groups. Each group does a search on one of these quotations to find out the person who said or wrote it, the person’s background, the meaning of the quotation, and, if possible, the context in which it was said or written.

• “Don’t let it end like this. Tell them I said something.”

• “Courage is resistance to fear, mastery of fear—not absence of fear.”

• “You cannot shake hands with a clenched fist.”

• “Human beings are the only creatures on earth that allow their children to come home.”

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B | Share your information with the class. Ask class members to mention any favorite quotations they know of.

ExamplE: “Never look down on anybody unless you’re helping him up.”

This quotation is from Jesse Jackson, American civil rights leader and minister. Jackson, who also ran for president of the United States, is very much concerned with helping others and working for equal rights and justice. In this quotation, he used a pun on the meaning of the expression “look down on someone.” Normally, this means “to look negatively upon others with a sense of superiority to them.” However, Jackson focused on the literal meaning of the expression: “to look carefully at someone who is physically in a lower position.” He was expressing his belief that we shouldn’t feel we are superior to others but should help them with their problems or struggles.

Unit 12
Unit 12

There are many types of psychological personality tests. While no particular tests can claim to be definitive, good tests can begin to give us insight into some personal qualities of the people who take them. Also, remember that a test taken online or from a book cannot substitute for an evaluation by a trained professional.

A | Do a search using the key words online personality test. Find one of these tests and take it online. Study the results and decide whether you think they give an accurate description of your personality.

• Carl Jung and Isabel Briggs Myers

• Big Five Personality Test

• Maslow Inventory Test

• Quincy Psychological and Personality Test

B | Share your information with the class. Have a discussion about how accurate you believe the tests are.

ExamplE: In the Big Five Personality Test, those taking the test are asked to rate their perception of themselves based on a number of statements. The ratings have this range:

Strongly Disagree / Disagree / Neither Agree Nor Disagree / Agree / Strongly Agree

The first question is this: I see myself as someone who

On this particular question, I would choose “Neither Agree Nor Disagree.” In some situations I am talkative, and in others I am not.

is talkative

Unit 13
Unit 13

Film is one of the world’s most important and most popular art forms. Many different awards are given to movies every year. While the Academy Awards in the United States are perhaps the best known of these, other awards continue to become increasingly common.

A | Divide into five groups. Each group does a search on one of these questions:

• What country has produced the most Academy Award-winning films that are not in the English language?

• What is the all-time top moneymaking film worldwide?

• What are the three most expensive movies ever made?

Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for classroom use.

• What male director has made the most films?

• What female director has made the most films?

B | Share your findings with the class. Ask class members to discuss any findings that were surprising.

ExamplE: Which actor has the most Academy Award nominations?

The actor who has the most nominations is Jack Nicholson. He has been nominated twelve times; eight times as Best Actor, and four times as Best Actor in a Supporting Role. He has won

Unit 14
Unit 14

A popular TV program, Unsolved Mysteries, deals with different types of mysteries and people’s natural desire to discover answers to perplexing questions.

A | Do a search on a mystery you would like to know about. Choose from one of these topics or choose one of your own:

• How can we explain the disappearances of aircraft and ships in the Bermuda Triangle?

• Did Billy the Kid, the famous 19th century outlaw in the American Southwest, die as is generally reported, or did he live into the 20th century?

• Do aliens exist? If so, what do they look like? How do we explain the testimony of people who claim to have encountered them?

B | Share your findings with the class. Ask class members to discuss any mysteries they know about and are interested in.

ExamplE: Sasquatch, also called Bigfoot, is said to live in the forests of the Pacific Northwest in the United States and British Columbia in Canada. He is thought to be a large, furry, apelike creature. Skeptics say that people who claim to have seen Sasquatch have instead probably seen large, furry bears.

Unit 15
Unit 15

People have always been interested in the lives and accomplishments of famous historical figures. Many of these figures have had lives that are both interesting and inspiring.

Divide into groups of four to six people. Do a search to gather facts for a group guessing game. Prepare five or more statements about any famous figure: a political or religious leader, an author, an explorer, an inventor, and so on. Students in other groups will try to guess who the figure is. Make the first statements more general than the later ones.

ExamplE:

1. This person is considered to be one of the greatest religious leaders of all time.

2. He was called “great soul” by his followers and admirers.

3. In his time, he was revered for many things, including his efforts in favor of people known as the “untouchables.”

4. He is known today as the father of the nonviolent movement called passive resistance.

5. He is regarded as the principal force behind the achievement of India’s independence.

6. He was assassinated in 1948.

(Answer: Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi)

Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for classroom use.

Unit 16
Unit 16

We are often intrigued by the lives of famous pairs in history. These relationships can be romantic, political, professional, or based strictly on friendship.

A | Do a search to learn about the relationship between the people in one of these pairs, or choose another pair you know. Search by using the key words famous pairs in history.

• Anna Leonowens and King Mongkut (Siam, now Thailand)

• Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo (Mexico)

• Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay (Nepal)

B | Share your findings with the class. Ask class members if they know anything more about the pair you discussed.

ExamplE: American entertainers Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis met in the 1940s, became friends, created a comic nightclub act, and later starred in a series of comedy films in which Martin played the straight man and Lewis the comic. They loved performing together, but eventually their relationship began to deteriorate, and they parted ways. Both continued to be entertainers, but Lewis became widely known for supporting and raising money for the Muscular Dystrophy Association. Years later

U nit 17
U nit 17

Most of us have struggled with procrastination at one time or another. Why do you think people procrastinate? If you procrastinate, why do you do it? Here are some reasons for procrastination:

• You’re a perfectionist. You think you can complete the task, but you don’t want to proceed if you can’t do it perfectly.

• Your task is so complicated that you’re overwhelmed by it.

• You’re afraid you won’t be able to do it at all.

• You simply don’t want to do the task, and you generally avoid things you don’t like doing.

A | How would you advise someone who wants to stop procrastinating? Do a search, using the key words overcoming procrastination. Read one or more articles on the subject and prepare some advice.

B | Share your suggestions with the class. Ask class members to decide which methods they feel are most likely to succeed and why.

ExamplE: One of the best suggestions I’ve found for overcoming procrastination is this:

“Sweat it out for 10 minutes.” In other words, identify a task that is causing you to procrastinate. Take your alarm clock and set it to ring in 10 minutes. Work on the task without stopping for that amount of time. Anyone can stand working on something for 10 minutes. At the end of this period of time, you may find that you are making progress and want to continue.

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Unit 18
Unit 18

Many of the issues we find interesting—whether they concern individuals or society as a whole— are controversial on some level. What controversial issues are of concern to you? What issues do you have strong feelings about?

A | Research one of these topics or choose one of your own. Do a search, using the key words controversial issues. Write down key points. Be sure to look at all sides of the issue.

• Are lotteries a good idea?

• Is global climate change natural, or can our actions make it worse?

• Should animals be used for research?

• Are curfews effective in keeping young people out of trouble?

B | Share your findings with the class. Find out where your classmates stand on this issue.

ExamplE: Should cigarette smoking be banned?

On the “yes” side Medical evidence clearly proves that smoking harms the smoker. Passive smoke harms people around the smoker. People look unattractive when they smoke.

On the “no” side Smoking is an individual choice. Banning smoking would usher in a “Big Brother” era. Government should never have so much control over people. Many people enjoy smoking. Should something enjoyed by one group be prohibited?

Unit 19
Unit 19

Many people enjoy some aspect of sports. We can watch, play, or both. We can also choose between individual sports, like golf, or team sports, like football. However, there are some aspects of school and professional sports that can be controversial.

A | Do a search on one of these topics:

• Are athletes’ salaries too high?

• Is there really such as thing as the scholar-athlete? Should good players at colleges and universities be paid?

• Should physical education be a required course for all ages through high school?

• Do for-profit companies have too much influence over sports?

B | Share your findings with the class. Do your classmates mostly agree or disagree?

ExamplE: In 2009, these were the average yearly player salaries in four major sports leagues in the United States:

$2.0 million

National Basketball Association: $4.8 million

National Football League:

Major League Baseball:

$3.5 million

National Hockey League:

$2.1 million

Although these athletes are talented and popular, their salaries seem excessive. The president of the United States earns $400,000 per year.

Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for classroom use.

Unit 20
Unit 20

Organ donation is becoming increasingly more common; in fact, many people feel that it is the ultimate charitable and compassionate act. The laws vary; in some places, such as the United States, people can sign a donor card or have a notation placed on their driver’s license allowing permission for organs to be used after they die. In other places, such as Spain, the laws are quite different; all people are assumed to be donors unless they sign documents saying they are not.

A | Do a search to find answers to these frequently asked questions (FAQs) about organ donation. Use the key words transplantation and organ donation.

• What organs and tissues can I donate?

• Does organ donation disfigure one’s body?

• Will my religion allow me to donate organs?

• What can I expect if I receive an organ transplant?

B | Share your findings with the class. Why do class members think organ donation could be controversial?

ExamplE: Q: Who can and cannot be an organ donor? A: Most individuals can be organ donors, including newborns and senior citizens. People under 18 must have official parental permission. Individuals with HIV, actively spreading brain cancer, and certain severe infections cannot be organ donors. People should decide about becoming donors after speaking with their doctors and families.

U nit 21
U nit 21

Throughout history, many people have made powerful statements about the mind’s capacity to remember and about the role of memory in our lives.

A | Do a search to find out who said each of these statements. What do you think each statement means?

• “The difference between false memories and true ones is the same as for jewels: It is always the false ones that look the most real, the most brilliant.”

• “Memories are the key not to the past, but to the future.”

• “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.”

B | Share your thoughts with the class. Ask class members if they agree or disagree with your interpretation of the meaning of the quotation.

ExamplE: “Nothing stands out so conspicuously, or remains so firmly fixed in the memory, as something which you have blundered.”

This quotation by Marcus Tullius Cicero, a statesman, orator, and philosopher in ancient Rome, deals with our painful memories of mistakes we have made in the past. Often, details of positive experiences we have had tend to fade somewhat, but those of errors remain sharp.

Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for classroom use.

Unit 22
Unit 22

Certain events have greatly influenced the course of human history. For example, on October 12, 1492, explorer Christopher Columbus landed on an island that he named San Salvador in what are now the Bahamas. Columbus helped to make Europeans aware of the Western Hemisphere and initiate commerce between the Old World and the New. If he hadn’t succeeded, no doubt another explorer eventually would have, but knowledge about and development of the New World might have taken quite a different course; for example, the Spanish might not have colonized the New World as they did.

A | Do a search to discover what happened on each of these dates. What would or might have happened if these events hadn’t occurred? How would the world be different?

• 753 b.c. e.

• 105 c. e.

• 1088 c.e.

• 1455 c.e.

B | Share your results with the class. Can your classmates think of other world events that could have turned out differently if other factors had changed?

E xampl E : On November 22, 1963, U.S. President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. President Kennedy was advised not to travel to Dallas at this time. If he had listened to this advice, he probably would have completed his presidential term. He might have won reelection to a second term as president in the 1964 election. If so, the Vietnam War might have gone quite differently

Unit 23
Unit 23

Young adults have always faced challenges, and the situation is no different today. Read the list of problems encountered by young adults. Do they apply to you or to those you are close to? How?

• the breakdown of the family

• poverty

• economic problems

• peer pressure

• community problems, such as neighborhood violence

• global problems, such as climate change

A | Do a search on two of the problems above and one of your own choosing. Use the key words problems faced by young adults.

B | Report the results of your search to the class. Ask class members to identify the top two challenges. Discuss these in detail and offer possible solutions.

ExamplE: I think one of the biggest challenges faced by young adults today is overcrowded schools. This is especially problematic in bigger cities. Many schools need to have smaller classes and more teachers. Otherwise, students can’t get the attention they need, especially for more difficult