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SEGI UNIVERSITY KOTA

DAMANSARA
B.ENG (HONS) CIVIL ENGINEERING

MECHANICS OF MATERIAL ECV 3143


Shear force and Bending moment
S.N0. NAME STUDENT ID
AHMED MAHMOUD AHMED SUKD150436
1.
SALAMA ELQAZAZ 0

Submission of Report : 25/4/2017


Submitted To : Mr. Ir Pan

0
Tables of content:
Shear force

Content Page

The Abstract.2

Introduction2

Objective 2

Apparatus 2

Theory 3

Procedures3

Results 3

Calculations 4

Discussion and conclusion 6

References 6

Bending moment

The abstract 7
Objective7
Introduction 7
Apparatus 7
Procedure8
Results 9
Calculations 9
Discussion and Conclusion
12
References 12
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Shear force experiment

The Abstract:

This experiment mainly shows how the shear strength is equal in the
clip section of the package to the sum of the forces that operate on
the left or right side of the section section, through the application
of loads, the cutting section works on the same beam.

Introduction:

This experiment is about understanding the effect of change in force magnitude on


shear stresses produce in beam due to that force. this experiment is to determine the
value of experimental shear force acting on a beam and compare it to the value of
theoretical force acting on the same beam.

Objective:

1.To plot Shear force influence line

2. To verify the use of a shear force influence on a simply supported beam

Apparatus:

1. Beam with a cut section.

2. Two supports, one at point A and the second at B.

3. Weights with different loads.

4. Digital indicator

2
Theory:

Shear force at section x-x is ;

1) S.F x-x = W1 +W2+W3-RA


OR
2) S.F x-x = RB

3
Procedure:

5. Put three hanger on a beam.


6. The beam was connected to the digital indicator.
7. switch on the indicator, For stability of the reading the indicator
must be switch on
10 minutes before taking readings.

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8. The first hanger was placed 100mm from point A.
9. The second hanger was placed 300mm from point A.
10. The third hanger was placed 500mm from point A.
11. The three hangers positions didnt change.
12. Indicator readings were recorded with each different weight.
13. The procedure steps were repeated using different loads.

Results:

Load Load and its distance from the left support Shear Force Shear Force %
case Theory exp Error
W1 L1 W2 L2 W3 L3
N mm N mm N mm
Case 10 100 5 300 15 500 10 8.90 11
1
Case 15 100 10 300 5 500 7 5.60 20
2
Case 20 100 15 300 5 500 9 8.16 9.33
3
Case 10 100 20 300 10 500 12 9.50 20.8
4 3

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Calculations:

Calculate shear force by using formula:


1) S.F x-x = W1 +W2+W3-RA
OR
2) S.F x-x = RB
Calculate the error by:
s . f Theorys . f exp
error= (100 )
s . f Theory

By using the second formula:

Case 1:
MA=0

RB ( 1000 )15 ( 500 )5 ( 300 ) 10 (100 )=0

RB = 10N
shear force = 10 N

108.90
error= ( 100 )=11
10

6
Case 2:
MA=0

RB ( 1000 )5 ( 500 )10 ( 300 ) 15 (100 )=0

RB = 7N
shear force = 7 N

75.60
error= ( 100 )=20
7

Case 3:
MA=0

RB ( 1000 )5 ( 500 )15 ( 300 ) 20 ( 100 )=0

RB = 9N
shear force = 9 N

98.16
error= (100 )=9.33
9

Case 4:
MA=0

RB ( 1000 )10 ( 500 )20 ( 300 )10 ( 100 )=0

RB = 12N
shear force = 12 N

129.50
error= ( 100 )=20.83
12

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Calculations:

Discussion :

-The first difference between pregnancy and shear strength is


directly proportional to an increase in pregnancy. There is an
increase in shear strength and with a decrease in pregnancy there is
a decrease in shear strength.

- The second difference is compared between experimental shear


force and theoretical shear force. This comparison showed a
significant difference between experimental shear strength and
theoretical shear strength. The actual difference is in experimental
values because they do not show the linear relationship between
loads and shear strength. This error is due to many reasons such as
a personal error due to an experienced agent or a wrong device.

Conclusion:

From this experience, we were able to determine how the shear


strength varies with the increased load point. It was also observed
how shear strength varies in the cutting position of the beam for
different loading conditions. From this laboratory experiment, it can
be concluded that when the load that we put in the beam is
increasing, the shear force will also increase. It is also proven that
the shear force in the cutting section is equal to the forces that work
on the left and right sides of the cutting section on the beam.

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References:

abstract and Introduction Available at :


http://www.academia.edu/14952757/Title_Shear_Force_and_Bending_Moment

Apparatus Available at :
http://www.academia.edu/3671106/Shear_Force_Bending_Moment_Deflection_Bea
ms_Strut_Apparatus_Test

Result and Calculation and Conclusion Available at :


https://www.coursehero.com/file/p6dspj3/Conclusion-From-this-experiment-we-were-
able-to-determine-how-shear-force/

Bending moment experiment

The abstract:

In simple words the moment bending is a result of the force


applied to the with the distance between the application purpose
of force and the settled end of the beam

To determine the bending moment influence line when the beam


is subjected to a load moving from left to the right.

Objective:

Aim of this experiment is to study effect of force magnitude on


bending moment of beam

Introduction

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The purpose of doing this experiment was to determine the bending
moment and shear force at any section through different cases
which involve concentrated load, symmetrical load and
unsymmetrical load. Besides, it also helps to establish the
relationship between bending moment and shear force at any
section.

APPARATUS

figure 1

A. 1. The equipment shown in figure 1


B. 2. loading hanger

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C. 3. load
D. 4. Ruler

Procedure

1. First, we put the first 100 mm hanger from point A.


2. The second hanger is 200 mm from point A.
3. Alignment Two parts of the beam are adjusted to the spring
balance.
4. The initial load is zero or "no load".
5. Put on 15N on the first hanger.
6. 5N is placed on the second hanger.
7. The beam is aligned and the balance reading is recorded.
8. The first position and the second hanger has not changed.
9. Process steps were repeated using 5,10,15,20 N weights.

Error Theoretical Bending Distance Load W Loadi


% Bending moment from (N) ng
moment at at x-x (N- support A numb
x-x (N-mm) mm) (mm) er
4.65 990 N.mm 5.9 x 100 15

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% 160= 944 300 5 1
N.mm
5.45 1320 N.mm 7.8 x 160 100 10
% = 1248 300 10 2
N.mm
5.67 1815 N.mm 10.7 x 100 10
% 160= 300 15 3
1712
N.mm

6.01 2145 N.mm 12.6 x 100 5


% 160= 300 20 4
2016
N.mm

Results

Calculations
Case1:

MA =0
- R2(1000) + 5 (300) + 15 (100) = 0
R2 (1000) = 5 (300) + 15(100)
R2 = 3N

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Fy = 0
5 +15-3-R1 = 0
R1= 17N
bending moment at x-x = R2 x 330 = 3 x 330 = 990 N.mm
theoreticalexp
error=
theoretical

990944
Error = ( 100 ) =4.65
990

Case2:

MA =0
- R2(1000) + 10 (300) + 10 (100) = 0
R2 (1000) = 10 (300) + 10(100)
R2 = 4N

Fy = 0
10 +10-4-R1 = 0
R1= 16N
bending moment at x-x = R2 x 330 = 4 x 330 = 1320 N.mm

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13201248
Error = ( 100 ) =5.45
1320

Case3:

MA =0
- R2(1000) + 15 (300) + 10 (100) = 0
R2 (1000) = 15(300) + 10(100)
R2 = 5.5N

Fy = 0
15 +10-5.5-R1 = 0
R1= 19.5N
bending moment at x-x = R2 x 330 = 5.5 x 330 =
1815 N.mm
18151712
Error = ( 100 )=5.67
1815

Case4:

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MA =0
- R2(1000) + 20(300) + 5 (100) = 0
R2 (1000) = 20(300) + 5(100)
R2 = 6.5N

Fy = 0
20 +5- 6.5-R1 = 0
R1= 18.5N
bending moment at x-x = R2 x 330 = 6.5 x 330 = 2145 N.mm
21452016
Error = (100 )=6.01
2145

Discussion :
-All the data are appeared in the graphs and according to this graph the theoretical
bending moment shows a linear relationship with the load means the moment value of
the theoretical bending increases with the increase in the printed load value and
decreases with a decrease in the value of the applied load. The percentage at which
the increase and decrease in the theoretical bending moment value is equal to the
percentage in which there is an increase or decrease in the value of the applied load.

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-The second diagram is between bending and load pressures yet the primary reason
for this chart is the theoretical and experimental comparison of the moment bending.
As indicated by there is almost no distinction between each of the esteem that
demonstrates the strength of the gadget and specialist's aptitudes. The distinction in
qualities contrasts somewhat from human mistake, which can not be thought little of
in light of constrained human limit.

conclusion:

Aim of this errand was to concentrate the impact of different forces


on the bending moment in the beam and the outcome demonstrate
that There is a linear fit between them between bending moment
and applied load.As the load is increased, the bending moment
increases too.

References:

abstract and Introduction and Apparatus Available at :


https://www.scribd.com/doc/177192811/BENDING-MOMENT-IN-A-
BEAM
Result and Calculation Available at :
http://www.green-mechanic.com/2017/01/bending-moment-in-beam-lab-report-
pdf.html
Discussion and Conclusion Available at :
http://www.academia.edu/3671106/Shear_Force_Bending_Moment_Deflection_Bea
ms_Strut_Apparatus_Test

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