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Chapter 21

Study Guide

Events Leading to War


1. To Describe the economic effects of the Great Depression on Europe during
the 1930s
2. To explain how dictators rose to power in Italy and Germany
3. To discuss how Hitlers policies led to World War II
4. To explain how the military rose to power in Japan during the 1930s
5. To describe Japans policy of expansion in China during the 1930s
6. To describe how the League of Nations and the United States responded to
Japanese aggression
7. to understand why Japan turned its attention from China to Southeast Asia in
8. To explain why the United States played a limited role in world affairs
during the 1920s and early 1930s
9. to describe how United States Policy in Latin America changed during the
1920s and 1930s
10.To describe how the United States gradually drew closer to war against the
Axis Powers

1. Explain the conditions that led to rise of dictators in the Soviet Union, Italy,
and Germany.
2. Compare the ways Hitler and Stalin were similar as leaders.
3. Describe the Battle of Britain and how the U.S. tried to help without sending

Short Answer
1. How was Britain able to withstand the German invasion of their country?
2. Explain the conditions in Germany which allowed Hitler to rise to power
3. Describe how Japan came under the control of its military.
4. Explain how Hitler was able to take over much of Europe by using both
force and deception.
5. Explain the events that led up to the U.S. becoming involved in World War
dictator appeasement Nazi
Lend-Lease Plan Fascist totalitarian state
militarism nationalize concentration camp
blitzkrieg constitutional monarchy cash-and-carry policy


Warren Harding Franklin Roosevelt Herbert Hoover

Benito Mussolini Adolf Hitler Jews
Winston Churchill Vladimir Lenin Joseph Stalin
Mao Zedong Neville Chamberlain Najing (Nanking)

Britain France Germany U.S.S.R.
Italy Rhineland Japan Munich
Poland Manchuria Berlin Dunkirk
Paris Philippines Austria Czechoslovakia
Sudetenland Belgium Luxembourg English Channel
Netherlands Southeast Asia Pearl Harbor French Indochina

Washington Naval Kellogg-Briand Pact Great Depression
Good Neighbor Policy Star of David master race
Anti-Semitism Axis Powers Blitzkrieg
neutrality acts Third Reich Draft
Munich Agreement Battle of Britain Lend-Lease Bill
Nazi-Soviet Non- U.S.S. Panay Treaty of Versailles
Aggression Pact
embargo isolationists Good Neighbor Policy
Selective Training and U.S.S. Reuben James
Service Act