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Teaching Notes

Analogies
Overview
These twenty-six transparencies provide models and practice items
designed to help students recognize and comprehend the most common
types of analogy relationships. In addition to sharpening critical
thinking skills, they help students prepare for the SAT and for state-
specific tests.

Types of Analogy Relationships


The transparencies that follow include a variety of challenging activities.
Nine common types of analogy relationships, as well as a mixture of
miscellaneous types, are provided.
Word : Antonym. Words are paired with opposites, or near
opposites.
Example GORGE : NIBBLE : : GUZZLE : SIP

Word : Synonym. Words are paired with other words having


similar meanings.
Example AMUSING : HILARIOUS : : FRIGID : COLD

Agent : Action. A person or object is paired with its characteristic


action.
Example WITNESS : TESTIFY : : PROSECUTOR : QUESTION
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Agent : Acted Upon. A person or object is paired with a person,


place, or thing that he, she, or it normally affects.
Example ZOOLOGIST : FAUNA : : BOTANIST : FLORA

Action : Acted Upon. An action is paired with the person or


object it usually acts upon.
Example DELIVER : SPEECH : : TEACH : LESSON

Action : Emotion. An action is paired with the emotion usually


associated with it.
Example SWELL : PRIDE : : SHRINK : EMBARRASSMENT

39
Teaching Notes (cont.)

Part : Whole. A part of something is paired with the whole to


which it belongs.
Example WICK : CANDLE : : BULB : LAMP

Noun : Quality. A person or object is paired with a characteristic


or quality of the person or object.
Example STUBBLE : COARSE : : SANDPAPER : ABRASIVE

Adjective : Quality. An adjective is paired with a noun that


names the quality referred to by the adjective.
Example FRUGAL : THRIFT : : EXTRAVAGANT : WASTE

Answers
Brief answers are provided for your convenience on the transparencies.
Explanations of the answer choices are included on the Answer Key
pages that follow.

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

40
Answer Key ANALOGIES

Analogies Transparency 54 (Noun : Quality)

Transparency 51 (Word : Antonym) 1 D To do its job efficiently, a razor must be


sharp, and an oven must be hot to do its job
1 B A feast is the opposite of a famine, and a efficiently.
tycoon, a wealthy financier, is the opposite
2 C A hoax is something that is by its nature
of a pauper, a poor person.
fraudulent, or false, and a deception is
2 B Hectic is the opposite of peaceful, and a something that is by its nature untrue.
troubled person is the opposite of a serene,
3 A The primary characteristic of a rescuer is
or calm, person.
bravery, and the main characteristic of a
3 C Peace is not a period of turmoil, and calm humanitarian is compassion.
would not describe a galea heavy, strong
4 D A characteristic of a hint is that it is subtle,
wind.
and a characteristic of a crisis is that it is
4 A An enemy is someone who is not likely to urgent.
display congeniality, and a scoundrel is
someone who is not likely to display Transparency 55 (Mixed)
chivalry.
1 D You tether, or tie up, a goat to keep it from
Transparency 52 (Word : Synonym) running away, and you moor, or tie, a
speedboat to keep it from floating away.
1 B A labyrinth is a type of maze, and a riddle is (Action : Acted Upon)
a type of puzzle.
2 C Something that is elective is optional, or
2 C A hideous thing is extremely ugly, and a not required, and something nonessential is
turbulent situation is extremely unsettled. not fundamental. (Word : Antonym)
3 E Someone who is gaunt is extremely thin, 3 E A rookie is a new member of a team, and a
and someone who is frenzied is extremely recruit is a new member of the military.
agitated. (Part : Whole)
4 B To rout someone is to defeat them com- 4 E It is impossible to hear something that is
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

pletely, and to annihilate something is to inaudible, and it is impossible to decrease


ruin it completely. something that is irreducible. (Word :
Antonym)
Transparency 53 (Part : Whole)

1 C The knee is a joint in the leg, and the knuckle Transparency 56 (Agent : Action)
is a joint in the finger. 1 B An officers job is to command, and a heralds
2 D A grain is one individual particle of sand, job is to announce.
and a flake is one individual particle of 2 D A barber styles hair by trimming it, and a
snow. tailor styles a garment by altering it.
3 C You grip a screwdriver by its handle, and 3 C A scholar is a person who studies, and a
you grip a backpack by its strap. philosopher is a person who thinks.
4 C You grip and turn the handlebars of a
bicycle to make it turn, and you grip and
turn the steering wheel of a car to make it
turn.

ANSWER KEY 41
Answer Key (cont.) ANALOGIES

4 D By drawing our eyelids together, we 4 A Resourceful describes someone who shows


squint our eyes, and by drawing our fingers ingenuity, and perceptive describes a person
together, we clench our fists. When nearly who shows intuition.
closed, our eyelids squint, and fingers
closed tightly clench. Transparency 60 (Mixed)
1 A A chain saw is a tool that cuts, and a wrench
Transparency 57 (Agent : Acted Upon)
is a tool that tightens or loosens. (Agent :
1 B An orthodontist works to correct problems Action)
with teeth, and a dermatologist works to 2 C A person beams with pride, and a person
correct skin problems. seethes with anger. (Action : Emotion)
2 D A journalist writes an article, and an attor- 3 A An ecologist studies ecosystems, and an
ney writes a legal brief. astronomer studies stars. (Agent : Acted
3 A The result of a legislators effort is a bill, Upon)
and the result of an authors effort is a book. 4 E An indifferent person is one who shows
4 D A historian researches and records the apathy, and a jovial person is one who
chronological history of events in annals, shows joyfulness. (Adjective : Quality)
and a genealogist researches and records
the chronological history of people in Transparency 61 (Action : Acted Upon)
family trees.
1 C To grill is a method of preparing steak, and
to fry is a method of preparing onions.
Transparency 58 (Action : Emotion)
2 C To pasteurize milk is to destroy disease-
1 A One can yawn to show weariness, and one producing bacteria, and to purify water is
can sneer to show scorn. to remove disease-producing bacteria.
2 D One who weeps shows grief, and one who 3 E To quench thirst is to satisfy thirst with
whoops shows glee. drink, and to satisfy hunger is to fulfill
3 C One fidgets when one suffers from anxiety, hunger with food.

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.


and one squirms when one suffers from 4 A One can praise heroes, and one can prose-
discomfort. cute criminals.
4 C To spurn a person is to show contempt, and
to reprimand a person is to show disapproval Transparency 62 (Word : Antonym)
of his or her behavior.
1 B Lax, or loose, is the opposite of strict, and
passive, or inactive, is the opposite of active.
Transparency 59 (Adjective : Quality)
2 A Gorge is to eat greedily, while nibble is to
1 C Silky describes something characterized eat in small amounts, and guzzle is to drink
by smoothness, and doubtful describes a greedily, while sip is to drink in small
person or situation characterized by amounts.
uncertainty.
3 D While C also contains antonyms, D, like the
2 E Nimble describes someone who shows stem, involves written works. The prologue
agility, and ungainly describes someone precedes the beginning of a novel or drama,
who shows clumsiness. while the epilogue follows the ending, and
3 B Someone who is limber is characterized by a preamble comes at the beginning of a
flexibility, and someone who is arthritic is written work and an afterword at the end.
characterized by stiffness.

42 ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities


Answer Key (cont.) ANALOGIES

4 B Someone who is uncouth has no elegance, Transparency 66 (Agent : Action)


and someone who is unruly lacks self-restraint.
1 D Bears hibernate in the winter, and geese
Transparency 63 (Word : Synonym) migrate, or fly south, for the winter.
2 B A sovereigna king or queengoverns a
1 A Nonchalant is a synonym for casual, and
country by making decisions, and a referee
dedicated is a synonym for committed.
governs, or officiates at, an athletic contest
2 B Depict is a synonym for portray, and annoy by making calls.
is a synonym for harass.
3 D A doctor diagnoses disease as part of his or
3 A The icebox predated the refrigerator, and her profession, and an accountant calcu-
the record player predated the stereo. lates profits and losses as part of his or her
4 C To please someone greatly is to delight that job.
person, and to offend someone greatly is to 4 B In a trial, a witness testifies about events
disgust him or her. pertaining to the trial, and a prosecutor
questions witnesses about events.
Transparency 64 (Part : Whole)

1 B A slice is a triangular piece of pie, and a Transparency 67 (Agent : Acted Upon)


wedge is a triangular piece of cheese. 1 C A zoologist is a scientist who studies fauna,
2 C A windshield is the part of a car that lets a or animals, and a botanist studies flora, or
driver see out, and a porthole is the part of plants.
a ship that lets a sailor see out. 2 D A diplomat negotiates a treaty between
3 D Algae is a plant that grows in water, and warring parties, and a mediator negotiates
mold is a fungus that grows on cheese and a settlement, or agreement, between parties.
other foods. 3 C A termite is an insect that eats wood, and a
4 C The heart is located in the torso of the weevil is an insect that eats cotton on the
body, and the larynx is located in the neck. stalk.
4 B A thief works with goods; a forger works
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Transparency 65 (Noun : Quality) with money.


1 A A din is by definition noisy, and a float is
by definition buoyant. Transparency 68 (Action : Emotion)

2 E An umpire must show impartiality in mak- 1 B One giggles with delight, and one seethes
ing decisions, and a champion by defini- with fury.
tion must show prowess in his or her 2 D One may denounce, or criticize, an action
actions. when one displays condemnation, and one
3 E Stubble can be coarse and scratchy, and may advocate, or recommend, an action
sandpaper can be coarse and abrasive. when one shows support.
4 A A spoof by definition must be mocking or 3 B To ridicule someone could show scorn, and
satirical, and a fallacy by definition must be to praise someone shows approval.
illogical.

ANSWER KEY 43
Answer Key (cont.) ANALOGIES

4 B To fight is an action one takes when one 2 C Sympathetic describes extreme compassion,
desires hostility, and to reconcile, or bring and sopping describes extreme wetness.
people together, is an action one takes 3 C Someone who is fervent, or eager, is full
when one wants goodwill. of enthusiasm, and someone who is unin-
terested, or unmoved, is full of apathy, or
Transparency 69 (Mixed) indifference.
1 E The shape of a piston is cylindrical, and the 4 B A person who is infamous is characterized
shape of a planet is spherical. (Noun : by notoriety, and someone who is venerable
Quality) has respectability.
2 A Floodwaters recede after a flood, and an
inflammation subsides after an injury. Transparency 72 (Action : Acted Upon)
(Agent : Action) 1 E To scramble an egg is to beat the yolk and
3 D A forger is a person who copies works of the egg white into a froth, and to mash a
art, and a plagiarist is a person who copies potato is to beat the skinned potato into a
works of literature. (Agent : Acted Upon) creamy texture.
4 E To hasten is to show eagerness, and to 2 A To liberate a hostage is to set him or her free
hesitate is to show reluctance. (Action : from bondage, and to parole a criminal is to
Emotion) set him or her free from jail.
3 B To shun a perpetrator is to exclude someone,
Transparency 70 (Mixed) and to ostracize an outcast is to avoid
someone.
1 C A constellation is made up of stars, and a
forest is made up of trees. (Part : Whole) 4 D To copyright a book is to gain legal rights to
its content, and to patent an invention is to
2 B Frivolous, or silly, behavior is the opposite
gain legal rights to the innovation.
of serious behavior, and bizarre, or unusual,
behavior is the opposite of normal, or
usual, behavior. (Word : Antonym) Transparency 73 (Mixed)

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.


3 E A wicked deed is more horrifying than a 1 D A clarinet is one of the instruments of an
bad deed, and a grueling task is more orchestra, and a tenor is one of the voices of
challenging than simply a difficult task. a choir. (Part : Whole)
(Word : Synonym) 2 D To kindle a fire is to ignite a fire, and to
4 C A fable is by definition moralistic, and a study is to start to comprehend. (Word :
short story by definition is fictional. Synonym)
(Noun : Quality) 3 C To incite rebellion is to cause an uprising,
and to instigate strife is to cause an upris-
Transparency 71 (Adjective : Quality) ing or disturbance. (Action : Acted Upon)
1 B Something that is luminous, or shining, 4 A One normally feels inquisitive when one
shows the quality of light, and something has curiosity, and one feels formidable
that is murky, or dark, shows the quality when one has power. (Adjective : Quality)
of gloominess.

44 ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities


Answer Key (cont.) ANALOGIES

Transparency 74 (Mixed) 3 C To restrain enthusiasm is to lessen it, and to


muffle sound is to lessen it. (Action : Acted
1 B A helmet is a rounded steel protective Upon)
covering for the skull, and a thimble is a 4 C An outbreak is the sudden eruption of an
rounded steel protective covering for the epidemic, or spread of disease, and a sud-
finger. (Agent : Acted Upon) den invasion may result in a conquest.
2 C To wander, or digress, is to move away (Metaphoric Relationship)
from the planned topic under discussion,
and to detour is to move away from a Transparency 76 (Mixed)
planned course of a journey. (Movement :
Object) 1 A A corral is an enclosure built especially
to keep a pony, and a sty is an enclosure
3 C The flight of an airplane is disrupted by
built especially to keep a pig. (Agent :
the roughness of turbulence, and the pas-
Acted Upon)
sage of a canoe is disrupted by the rough-
ness of rapids. (Object : Disruptive Agent) 2 B Both exhausting resources and depleting sup-
plies describe processes of using up some-
4 A A fork in the road is a place where the road
thing valuable. (Action : Acted Upon)
splits and one must make a choice; hence
it is a good metaphor for a decision, or 3 D Someone who is corrupted loses his or her
choice, in life. (Metaphoric Relationship) integrity, and someone who is discredited
loses his or her reputation. (Action : Acted
Transparency 75 (Mixed) Upon)
4 C Occurrences that are haphazard happen at
1 B Being impertinent, or rude, is the primary random, and occurrences that are systematic
trait of a brat, and being intelligent is the occur in an orderly fashion. (Adjective :
primary trait of a person who is a genius. Quality)
(Noun : Quality)
2 D A roadblock stops traffic, and a hindrance
stops progress. (Agent : Acted Upon)
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

ANSWER KEY 45
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show a word : antonym relationship.

51
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 B, 2 B, 3 C, 4 A. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
MODEL

JOY : DESPAIR : : The answer is D.


A original : model The feeling of joy is the
B simile : metaphor opposite of despair, and
C morning : night the feeling of hope is the
D hope : pessimism opposite of pessimism.
E goodwill : trust

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 FEAST : FAMINE : : 3 PEACE : TURMOIL : :


A flora : fauna A drizzle : precipitation
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B tycoon : pauper B cyclone : sleet


C tariff : tax C calm : gale
D luxury : plenty D strength : weakness
E calm : storm E weather : temperature

2 HECTIC : PEACEFUL : : 4 ENEMY : CONGENIALITY : :


A willful : stubborn A scoundrel : chivalry
B troubled : serene B aristocrat : satire
C intimidating : approachable C swindler : trickery
D inconvenient : strenuous D actor : truthfulness
E optimistic : hopeful E seer : wisdom
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show a word : synonym relationship.

52
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 B, 2 C, 3 E, 4 B. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
MODEL

RELIABLE : DEPENDABLE : : The answer is C.


A passive : sleeping Reliable has the same
B adjacent : adjoining meaning as dependable,
C wily : shrewd and wily has the same
D gorgeous : gaudy meaning as shrewd.
E charitable : unprofitable

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 LABYRINTH : MAZE : : 3 THIN : GAUNT : :


A mammal : menagerie A amiable : friendly
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B riddle : puzzle B generous : decent


C society : etiquette C exotic : commonplace
D moor : knoll D jovial : happy
E alternative : substitute E agitated : frenzied

2 UGLY : HIDEOUS : : 4 ROUT : DEFEAT : :


A evil : bad A sever : cut
B eager : reluctant B annihilate : ruin
C unsettled : turbulent C notify : announce
D real : unknown D give : inherit
E autonomous : dependent E strut : amble
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show a part : whole relationship.

53
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 C, 2 D, 3 C, 4 C. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
MODEL

SHARD : POTTERY : : The answer is C.


A strip : bacon A shard is a piece of
B chapter : novel broken pottery, and
C chip : rock a chip is a piece that has
D twine : ball broken off a rock.
E ore : iron mine

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 KNEE : LEG : : 3 HANDLE : SCREWDRIVER : :


A toe : foot A cushion : sofa
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B shoulder : back B eye : needle


C knuckle : finger C strap : backpack
D eyelid : eye D tine : fork
E tongue : jaw E blade : dagger

2 GRAIN : SAND : : 4 HANDLEBARS : BICYCLE : :


A board : wood A cockpit : plane
B clouds : sky B wheels : roller skates
C drop : grease C steering wheel : car
D flake : snow D median : highway
E texture : fabric E runner : sled
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show a noun : quality relationship.

54
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 D, 2 C, 3 A, 4 D. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
MODEL

CITADEL : SECURITY : : The answer is C.


A blockade : justice A quality of a citadel is
B chivalry : dishonor the security it provides,
C foundation : support and a quality of a foun-
D fortress : loyalty dation is the support it
E equation : education provides.

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 RAZOR : SHARP : : 3 RESCUER : BRAVERY : :


A sun : hot A humanitarian : compassion
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B sage : foolish B miser : stinginess


C toothbrush : soft C sovereign : tyranny
D oven : hot D soliloquy : oration
E roof : tiled E executive : honesty

2 HOAX : FALSE : : 4 HINT : SUBTLE : :


A omen : relevant A allusion : informative
B propaganda : ineffective B distraction : embarrassing
C deception : untrue C investigation : discreet
D decoration : lavish D crisis : urgent
E technology : widespread E clue : necessary
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show mixed relationships.

55
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 D, 2 C, 3 E, 4 E. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
MODEL

EAVESDROP : LISTEN : : The answer is D.


A cooperate : agitate Eavesdrop means to listen
B misconstrue:misinterpret without permission, and
C confuse : appall burglarize means to take
D burglarize : take without permission.
E denote : signify

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 TETHER : GOAT : : 3 ROOKIE : TEAM : :


A unsheathe : sword A partner : duo
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B park : car B individual : horde


C refuel : jet C singer : choir
D moor : speedboat D general : brigade
E renovate : apartment E recruit : military

2 REQUIRED : ELECTIVE : : 4 INAUDIBLE : DEAFENING : :


A accessible : unavailable A stubborn : foolish
B disagreeable : immune B credible : prudent
C fundamental : nonessential C cantankerous : scorn
D fraudulent : heroic D dejected : docile
E inviting : tempting E irreducible : fragmented
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show an agent : action relationship.

56
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 B, 2 D, 3 C, 4 D. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
MODEL

ARCHITECT : DESIGN : : The answer is C.


A attorney : exercise An architect works to
B camouflage : survive design buildings, and an
C actor : portray actor works to portray
D student : tutor characters.
E naturalist : travel

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 OFFICER : COMMAND : : 3 SCHOLAR : STUDY : :


A scholar : denote A candidate : respond
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B herald : announce B stock trader : depreciate


C plaintiff : inform C philosopher : think
D hero : preserve D emissary : serve
E cynic : eradicate E radical : ostracize

2 BARBER : TRIM : : 4 EYES : SQUINT : :


A teacher : assess A toes : wiggle
B model : promenade B cheeks : blush
C sibling : compete C fingers : tap
D tailor : alter D fists : clench
E horde : eat E feet : examine
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show the agent : acted upon relationship.

57
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 B, 2 D, 3 A, 4 D. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
MODEL

ARTIST : PORTRAIT : : The answer is E.


A sculptor : statue An artist who paints a
B orator : joke portrait shows a person;
C poet : epic an author who writes a
D photographer : collage biography tells the story
E author : biography of a persons life.

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 ORTHODONTIST : TEETH : : 3 LEGISLATOR : BILL : :


A pediatrician : checkups A author : book
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B dermatologist : skin B traitor : prison


C pharmacist : drugstore C emissary : message
D surgeon : scalpel D seer : prediction
E extrovert : crowd E referee : sports

2 JOURNALIST : ARTICLE : : 4 HISTORIAN : ANNALS : :


A student : enrollment A judge : jurisdiction
B playwright : theater B reporter : credentials
C soldier : induction C salesperson : merchandise
D attorney : legal brief D genealogist : family trees
E diplomat : immunity E celebrity : ceremony
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show an action : emotion relationship.

58
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 A, 2 D, 3 C, 4 C. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
MODEL

APPLAUD : APPROVAL : : The answer is C.


A smile : anguish A person is likely to
B frown : indifference applaud to show approval
C bow : homage of someone, and a person
D plod : puzzlement is likely to bow to show
E run : obsession homage to someone.

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 YAWN : WEARINESS : : 3 FIDGET : ANXIETY : :


A sneer : scorn A shiver : emptiness
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B frown : diligence B stretch : laziness


C hesitate : happiness C squirm : discomfort
D laugh : veneration D nod : depression
E shrug : pain E squint : annoyance

2 WEEP : GRIEF : : 4 SPURN : CONTEMPT : :


A grin : tedium A grieve : disgust
B groan : excitement B yell : discretion
C laugh : agitation C reprimand : disapproval
D whoop : glee D mimic : shame
E sigh : irritation E denounce : satisfaction
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show an adjective : quality relationship.

59
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 C, 2 E, 3 B, 4 A. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
MODEL

TRUTHFUL : VERACITY : : The answer is C.


A risky : trickiness To be truthful is to show
B confident : fear veracity, and to be mali-
C malicious : ill will cious is to show ill will.
D accurate : evidence
E proper : indecency

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 SILKY : SMOOTHNESS : : 3 LIMBER : FLEXIBILITY : :


A noisy : silence A unkempt : neatness
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B hopeful : despair B arthritic : stiffness


C doubtful : uncertainty C resolute : vengeance
D aloof : commitment D trusting : destiny
E dramatic : entertainment E harsh : authority

2 NIMBLE : AGILITY : : 4 RESOURCEFUL : INGENUITY : :


A bulky : lightness A perceptive : intuition
B belligerent : love B self-conscious : confidence
C pessimistic : rejection C benign : apathy
D fashionable : conceit D arrogant : disobedience
E ungainly : clumsiness E superfluous : skepticism
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show mixed relationships.

60
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 A, 2 C, 3 A, 4 E. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
MODEL

POTTER : VASE : : The answer is B.


A admiral : submarine A potter creates a vase,
B composer : symphony and a composer creates a
C jockey : saddle symphony.
D dancer : music
E instructor : campus

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 CHAIN SAW : CUT : : 3 ECOLOGIST : ECOSYSTEM : :


A wrench : loosen A astronomer : stars
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B pocketknife : utilize B psychologist : viruses


C crossbar : shovel C economist : news
D solvent : disinfect D ventriloquist : language
E pickax : wrangle E professor : ideology

2 BEAM : PRIDE : : 4 INDIFFERENT : APATHY : :


A intimidate : love A raucous : shame
B bathe : vanity B proud : humility
C seethe : anger C superstitious : valor
D doze : nonchalance D blatant : harmfulness
E leer : geniality E jovial : joyfulness
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show an action : acted upon relationship.

61
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 C, 2 C, 3 E, 4 A. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
MODEL

DISSECT : SPECIMEN : : The answer is C.


A distribute : wealth When scientists dissect a
B discover : relationship specimen, they take it
C disassemble : engine apart, and when mechanics
D disrupt : meeting disassemble an engine,
E dispense : medication they also take it apart.

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 GRILL : STEAK : : 3 QUENCH : THIRST : :


A bake : pans A appreciate : assistance
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B gather : ingredients B connive : conspiracy


C fry : onions C lose : weight
D serve : dessert D embrace : hardships
E rinse : water E satisfy : hunger

2 PASTEURIZE : MILK : : 4 PRAISE : HEROES : :


A exterminate : spray A prosecute : criminals
B vaccinate : disease B mimic : monkeys
C purify : water C tolerate : hindrances
D illuminate : electricity D surmount : difficulties
E inspect : food E surpass : expectations
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show a word : antonym relationship.

62
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 B, 2 A, 3 D, 4 B. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
M ODEL

ALOOF : RECEPTIVE : : The answer is A.


A deceitful : trustworthy An aloof, or detached,
B negligent : safe person is the opposite of a
C sophisticated : rural receptive one, and a deceit-
D murky : opaque ful person is the opposite
E rough : abrasive of a trustworthy one.

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 LAX : STRICT : : 3 PROLOGUE : EPILOGUE : :


A ravenous : hungry A plot : climax
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B passive : active B summary : conclusion


C tantalizing : enticing C strife : resolution
D inverse : similar D preamble : afterword
E immaterial : magnificent E outline : synopsis

2 GORGE : NIBBLE : : 4 UNCOUTH : ELEGANCE : :


A guzzle : sip A unsightly : vision
B wait : delay B unruly : self-restraint
C examine : inspect C functional : efficiency
D caress : choke D unlikely : symmetry
E seethe : soothe E untimely : demise
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show a word : synonym relationship.

63
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 A, 2 B, 3 A, 4 C. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
M ODEL

POTENT : POWERFUL : : The answer is C.


A angry : mean-spirited Potent, or strong, has the
B raucous : crass same meaning as power-
C lethal : deadly ful, and lethal has the
D zany : depraved same meaning as deadly.
E hidden : flagrant

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 NONCHALANT : CASUAL : : 3 ICEBOX : REFRIGERATOR : :


A dedicated : committed A record player : stereo
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B optimistic : pessimistic B telegraph : television


C nimble : petite C station wagon : sports car
D snide : wicked D pantry : kitchen
E significant : witty E VCR : computer

2 PORTRAY : DEPICT : : 4 PLEASE : DELIGHT : :


A organize : prepare A imagine : design
B harass : annoy B enhance : harm
C lunge : plunge C offend : disgust
D shout : whimper D badger : coax
E originate : modify E sadden : disappoint
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show a part : whole relationship.

64
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 B, 2 C, 3 D, 4 C. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
M ODEL

BIRD : AVIARY : : The answer is A.


A rabbit : warren A bird is kept in an
B carpenter ant : floorboard aviary, and a rabbit is
C longhorn : rangeland kept in a warren.
D butterfly : cocoon
E fly : flypaper

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 SLICE : PIE : : 3 ALGAE : WATER : :


A crumb : pastry A pollen : flower
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B wedge : cheese B fertilizer : garden


C orange : rind C carbonation : soda
D cup : bowl D mold : cheese
E apple : core E moisture : dehumidifier

2 WINDSHIELD : CAR : : 4 HEART : TORSO : :


A cockpit : airplane A blood : artery
B moat : castle B fracture : bone
C porthole : ship C larynx : neck
D mirror : wall D ulcer : stomach
E stage : theater E cavity : molar
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show a noun : quality relationship.

65
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 A, 2 E, 3 E, 4 A. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
M ODEL

KNIGHT : CHIVALROUS : : The answer is C.


A athlete : versatile A knight is a person who
B grouch : discreet is chivalrous, and a nun is
C nun : devout a person who is devout.
D cynic : manipulative
E adversary : staunch

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 DIN : NOISY : : 3 STUBBLE : COARSE : :


A float : buoyant A mustache : curly
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B island : landlocked B marble : smooth


C crime : alleged C upheaval : sedate
D demonstration : chaotic D landscape : picturesque
E detergent : antiseptic E sandpaper : abrasive

2 UMPIRE : IMPARTIALITY : : 4 SPOOF : SATIRICAL : :


A impostor : integrity A fallacy : illogical
B manager : consistency B swamp : stagnant
C braggart : modesty C client : prospective
D genius : apathy D ovation : tentative
E champion : prowess E clich : contemporary
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show an agent : action relationship.

66
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 D, 2 B, 3 D, 4 B. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
M ODEL

SCYTHE : MOW : : The answer is C.


A ladder : paint A scythe is used only to
B plow : fertilize mow grass or plants, and a
C crowbar : pry crowbar is used only to
D wheelbarrow : stack pry things.
E hatchet : scrape

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 BEAR : HIBERNATE : : 3 DOCTOR : DIAGNOSE : :


A squirrel : chatter A psychologist : conserve
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B cattle : graze B programmer : implement


C supplies : dwindle C claims officer : enact
D geese : migrate D accountant : calculate
E corporation : exploit E coach : ostracize

2 SOVEREIGN : GOVERN : : 4 WITNESS : TESTIFY : :


A manager : consult A defendant : appeal
B referee : officiate B prosecutor : question
C assistant : preside C juror : disqualify
D contender : falter D magistrate : deny
E pitcher : retrieve E stenographer : propose
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show an agent : acted upon relationship.

67
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 C, 2 D, 3 C, 4 B. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
M ODEL

PLAYWRIGHT : SCRIPT : : The answer is E.


A curator : painting A playwright creates the
B sage : wisdom script for a play, and a
C president : constitution composer creates the score
D agent : treaty for a piece of music.
E composer : score

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 ZOOLOGIST : FAUNA : : 3 TERMITE : WOOD : :


A aristocrat : serf A barnacle : ship
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B daydreamer : fantasy B mosquito : swamp


C botanist : flora C weevil : cotton
D geologist : geology D larva : cocoon
E chef : restaurant E mouse : trap

2 DIPLOMAT : TREATY : : 4 THIEF : GOODS : :


A police : jurisdiction A baker : bread
B warden : parole B forger : money
C detective : affidavit C banker : fraud
D mediator : settlement D copywriter : advertisement
E teacher : contract E actor : role
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show an action : emotion relationship.

68
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 B, 2 D, 3 B, 4 B. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
M ODEL

SWELL : PRIDE : : The answer is A.


A shrink : embarrassment A person is likely to swell
B gawk : sincerity with pride and shrink with
C halt : disdain embarrassment.
D twitch : relaxation
E fume : confusion

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 GIGGLE : DELIGHT : : 3 RIDICULE : SCORN : :


A groan : suspicion A waver : certainty
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B seethe : fury B praise : approval


C coddle : intolerance C defile : curiosity
D repress : worthlessness D tantalize : longing
E slander : indecision E idealize : envy

2 ADVOCATE : SUPPORT : : 4 FIGHT : HOSTILITY : :


A scowl : rejection A humiliate : jubilation
B grovel : weariness B reconcile : goodwill
C sulk : frustration C censure : horror
D denounce : condemnation D excite : disruption
E ignore : concern E sympathize : greed
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The mixed analogies in this exercise show four types of relationships.

69
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 E, 2 A, 3 D, 4 E. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
M ODEL

HAVEN : SAFE : : The answer is B.


A castle : isolated A haven is a safe place,
B fortress : secure and a fortress is a secure
C rebel : peaceful place.
D inventor : eccentric
E knoll : rocky

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 PISTON : CYLINDRICAL : : 3 FORGER : ART : :


A soliloquy : talkative A therapist : patient
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B force : centrifugal B blacksmith : iron


C examination : objective C illustrator : drawings
D triangle : congruent D plagiarist : literature
E planet : spherical E tanner : hide

2 FLOOD : RECEDE : : 4 HASTEN : EAGERNESS : :


A inflammation : subside A ogle : awe
B germs : infest B smirk : nervousness
C apparition : transpire C glance : solemnity
D competition : intensify D cope : confidence
E crowd : instigate E hesitate : reluctance
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The mixed analogies in this exercise show four types of relationships.

70
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 C, 2 B, 3 E, 4 C. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
M ODEL

DOUBTFUL:SKEPTICAL : : The answer is C.


A eager : interested One who is doubtful is
B pessimistic : nostalgic also skeptical, and one
C faithful : steadfast who is faithful is also
D terrified : concerned steadfast.
E authoritative : ambiguous

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 STAR : CONSTELLATION : : 3 BAD : WICKED : :


A temperature : climate A reasonable : dubious
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B river : tributary B wrong : inaccurate


C tree : forest C commonplace : mundane
D gravity : solar system D chronic : temporary
E land : continent E difficult : grueling

2 FRIVOLOUS : SERIOUS : : 4 FABLE : MORALISTIC : :


A hopeless : forlorn A novel : satirical
B bizarre : normal B essay : biographical
C animated : energetic C short story : fictional
D customary : traditional D drama : avant-garde
E controversial : objectionable E lyric poem : epic
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show an adjective : quality relationship.

71
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 B, 2 C, 3 C, 4 B. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
MODEL

ECONOMICAL : THRIFT : : The answer is C.


A superfluous : vanity Someone who is economi-
B humanitarian : courtesy cal displays thrift, and
C extravagant : waste someone who is extrava-
D hopeful : prosperity gant displays waste.
E memorable : obscurity

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 LUMINOUS : LIGHT : : 3 FERVENT : ENTHUSIASM : :


A thankless : gratitude A uncanny : conformity
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B murky : gloominess B superficial : appeal


C farsighted : clarity C uninterested : apathy
D genuine : hope D intelligent : awareness
E foolish : inconsistency E stubborn : belligerence

2 SOPPING : WETNESS : : 4 INFAMOUS : NOTORIETY : :


A granular : lightness A ruthless : tranquillity
B arid : saltiness B venerable : respectability
C sympathetic : compassion C outrageous : predictibility
D musical : talent D arrogant : excellence
E plentiful : texture E voluntary : intention
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The analogies in this exercise show an action : acted upon relationship.

72
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 E, 2 A, 3 B, 4 D. Explanations appear in the answer key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
M ODEL

DELIVER : SPEECH : : The answer is B.


A take : census The process of delivering a
B teach : lesson speech is quite similar to
C publish : essay teaching a lesson. Both are
D recall : memories given orally to a group of
E stake : claim listeners.

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 SCRAMBLE : EGG : : 3 SHUN : PERPETRATOR : :


A grate : cheese A patronize : tourist
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B tenderize : meat B ostracize : outcast


C set : table C demoralize : ruler
D pour : water D emphasize : supremacy
E mash : potato E trivialize : knowledge

2 LIBERATE : HOSTAGE : : 4 COPYRIGHT : BOOK : :


A parole : criminal A correct : misprint
B supervise : employee B repeal : amendment
C overthrow : tyrant C enact : law
D evade : pursuer D patent : invention
E inspire : impostor E solicit : donation
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The mixed analogies in this exercise show four types of relationships.

73
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 D, 2 D, 3 C, 4 A. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
M ODEL

ADAGE : PROVERB : : The answer is E.


A travel : lodging An adage is a saying
B anxiety : anticipation similar to a proverb, and a
C demand : request slogan is a saying similar
D poem : verse to a motto.
E slogan : motto

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 ORCHESTRA : CLARINET : : 3 INCITE : REBELLION : :


A court : tennis A cancel : flight
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B library : novel B postpone : performance


C court : jury C instigate : strife
D chorus : tenor D neglect : duties
E theater : organ E improvise : solutions

2 KINDLE : IGNITE : : 4 INQUISITIVE : CURIOSITY: :


A endorse : withhold A formidable : power
B manipulate : improve B solemn : innocence
C oppress : submit C repulsive : evil
D study : comprehend D sacred : profanity
E capture : free E pious : love
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The mixed analogies in this exercise show a variety of relationships.

74
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 B, 2 C, 3 C, 4 A. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
MODEL

HYSTERICAL : PLACID : : The answer is C.


A rigid : taut Someone hysterical is not
B durable : inefficient placid or calm, and some-
C flexible : resolute one flexible is not resolute
D fluent : bilingual or determined.
E destructive : omnipotent

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 HELMET : SKULL : : 3 AIRPLANE : TURBULENCE : :


A lipstick : lips A factory : automation
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B thimble : finger B automobile : collision


C bracelet : wrist C canoe : rapids
D crutches : legs D truck : gridlock
E deodorant : body E rowboat : waterfall

2 WANDER : TOPIC : : 4 FORK : ROAD : :


A reverse : fortune A decision : life
B abandon : solution B utensil : dinner
C detour : journey C path : staircase
D drive : motorist D dam : creek
E preview : novel E climb : mountain
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The mixed analogies in this exercise show a variety of relationships.

75
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 B, 2 D, 3 C, 4 C. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
M ODEL

DOODLE : ILLUSTRATE : : D is the answer.


A amble : hike Doodle is to draw aimlessly
B indulge : pamper as illustrate is to draw care-
C debate : negotiate fully; chatter is to speak
D chatter : orate without direction, as orate
E contradict : dissent is to speak with purpose.

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 IMPERTINENT : BRAT : : 3 RESTRAIN : ENTHUSIASM : :


A appalling : victim A amplify : music
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B intelligent : genius B eradicate : vermin


C spry : meddler C muffle : sound
D submissive : dictator D resent : interference
E inconsiderate : rogue E resolve : disagreements

2 ROADBLOCK : TRAFFIC : : 4 OUTBREAK : EPIDEMIC : :


A noose : rope A eruption : volcano
B glove : baseball B symptom : diagnosis
C tangle : conditioner C invasion : conquest
D hindrance : progress D beginning : hostilities
E error : mistake E loan : debt
ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities
TRANSPARENCY The mixed analogies in this exercise show a variety of relationships.

76
Strategy: Determine the relationship between the words in the stem. Identify the
choices that show the same relationship. Which pair best matches the stem?
Answers: 1 A, 2 B, 3 D, 4 C. Explanations appear in the Answer Key.

Analogies
Analogies show relationships between pairs of words.
M ODEL

VICTIM : INVINCIBLE : : The answer is B.


A history : chronological One who is invincible
B corpse : animated could not be a victim, and
C folklore : mythical one who is animated
D inventory : methodical could not be a corpse.
E precedent : flawed

DIRECTIONS
Select the pair of words that best completes each analogy.

Then, state how the two pairs of words are alike.

1 CORRAL : PONY : : 3 CORRUPT : INTEGRITY : :


A sty : pig A wash : dirtiness
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

B plain : antelope B remodel : home


C garage : automobile C acknowledge : recognition
D circus : elephant D discredit : reputation
E forest : bear E feed : nutrition

2 EXHAUST : RESOURCE : : 4 HAPHAZARD : RANDOM : :


A abuse : adversary A candid : blunt
B deplete : supply B sober : serious
C safeguard : health C systematic : orderly
D fatigue : body D quarrelsome : sympathetic
E satisfy : emotion E feeble : unpleasant

ELEMENTS OF LANGUAGE | Third Course | Daily Language Activities

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