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Summary of review articles on Study the effect of impact damage on fatigue characterization

     

Method

Material and

   

Date

Title

Objective

type

specimen

Loads

Conclusion

2006

Fatigue life prediction for impacted carbon/epoxy laminates under 2-stage loading

Presents the fatigue behavior of carbon/epoxy laminates with impact-induced damage under 2- stage tensile loading

   

2-stage

The theoretical analyses are well in conformance with the experimental results for the residual life as well as for the cumulative damage.

Experimental

tensile

study

(proposed

Empirical

Equation)

Carbon/

epoxy

composite

laminates

loading

2006

Prediction of fatigue damage for composite laminate using impact response

Identify a correlation between fatigue damage showing as stiffness degradation and the corresponding impact response (provide useful tool for detecting the damage in composite structures)

   

Impact &

The final goal of this research is to provide useful tool for detecting the damage in composite structures

Cycle load

Carbon-

 

Experimental

and numerical

study

fiber/Epoxy

composite

laminates

 

2008

An experimental study of damage accumulation in balanced CFRP laminates due to repeated impact

Evaluate The behavior of balanced laminates under repeated low energy

   

Repeated

The resistance to the impulsive force was found to be influenced by the stacking sequence

The resistance to the impulsive force was found to be influenced by the stacking sequence and the crack path through the laminate. The symmetric plate with different ply directions proved to have best resistance to impact.

path through the laminate. The symmetric plate with different ply directions proved to have best resistance

Experimental

impact

study

CFRP

(proposed

Empirical

plate

   

Equation)

2009

The response of aluminum /GLARE hybrid materials to impact and to in-plane fatigue

Evaluation of the low velocity impact behavior and the post-impact fatigue behavior of FML

   

Impact &

In fatiguing unimpacted bonded GLARE reductions in crack growth rate up to a factor of

In fatiguing unimpacted bonded GLARE reductions in crack growth rate up to a factor of 5 were observed. After the impact, the retardation effect was a factor of 2.

Experimental to study the behavior

FML

Cycle load

plate

2010

Evaluation of impact fatigue damage in glass/epoxy composite laminate

Determine the response of glass/epoxy cross ply laminates to repeated low-velocity impact

   

Repeated

Damage parameter D is based on the evaluation of the loss of material bending stiffness

Damage parameter D is based on the evaluation of the loss of material bending stiffness and evolution of damage parameter is given versus number of impacts. Delamination has been found as the main factor of increasing of damage parameter.

is given versus number of impacts. Delamination has been found as the main factor of increasing

Experimental to study the behavior

Glass/epoxy

composite

low-velocity

impact

 

laminate

           
Impact crater participate less to this increase at the beginning of live duration but has

Impact crater participate less to this increase at the beginning of live duration but has greater influence on D parameter evolution at the end. Experimental results indicate that the damage evolution versus number of impacts can be represented by ‘‘S” shape curve and thus indicates the importance of the first impacts.

number of impacts can be represented by ‘‘S” shape curve and thus indicates the importance of

2011

Compression fatigue properties of z-pinned quasi- isotropic carbon/epoxy laminate with barely visible impact damage

Using the z-pins to improve the compression fatigue properties of quasi- isotropic carbon fiberepoxy composite after impact

   

Impact &

The study investigates the effect of increasing volume content of z-pins (up to 4%) on

The study investigates the effect of increasing volume content of z-pins (up to 4%) on the barely visible impact damage resistance, post-impact compression fatigue properties, and fatigue damage mechanisms of a quasi-isotropic carbonepoxy material. The study reveals new insights into the impact damage resistance of z-pinned composites. Z-pins were effective at improving the fatigue performance of the composite with high energy BVID. fatigue endurance limit increasing with the pin content.

the fatigue performance of the composite with high energy BVID. fatigue endurance limit increasing with the
the fatigue performance of the composite with high energy BVID. fatigue endurance limit increasing with the
the fatigue performance of the composite with high energy BVID. fatigue endurance limit increasing with the

Compression

fatigue

Carbon

 

Experimental

epoxy

study

laminate+ z-

 

pins

2012

Monitoring of multiaxial fatigue damage evolution in impacted composite tubes using non-destructive evaluation

Evolution of Damage in wound glass fibre reinforced tubes due to impact and subsequent biaxial cyclic loading

   

Impact

The stiffness behavior is also divided into three stages: rapid decrease triggered by matrix cracking within the first 1020% of fatigue life (phase I),

Experimental to study the behavior

&

followed by a weak quasi-linear decrease (phase II) and rapid decrease caused by fiber ruptures till catastrophic failure (phase III). Multiaxially fatigue loaded composites show similar fatigue behavior and damage mechanisms

E-glass fiber

tube

cyclic

multiaxial

 

loading

2013

Damage modelling of

Proposed a life time

Experimental

Square FRP

Repeated

power function relationship. The variation of

 

repeatedly impacted square fibre-reinforced polymer composite tube

prediction model to characterize the damage response

to study the behavior & (proposed Empirical Equation)

composite

axial impact

incident energies Ein between the fitting curve and experimental data is less than 3%.

tube

E-glass

A

good agreement is observed between the

   

experimental data points and the prediction model.

2013

Evaluation for residual strength and fatigue characteristics after impact in CFRP composites

Evaluate of residual strength characteristics (Propose the prediction model for the residual strength) according to variations of the impact energy and the diameter of the impactor

Experimental

   

The residual strength decreases as the impact energy increases When the diameter of the impactor nose increases, the residual strength decreases The prediction equation for residual strength after impact was proposed The fatigue life of composite materials decreases due to the impact damage the fatigue test results. The proposed fatigue life equation agrees well with the fatigue test results

study the

Woven

 

behavior

carbonfiber-

&

reinforced

(proposed

plastic

prediction

(CFRP)

mode)

2013

Environmental effect on fatigue life of glassepoxy composite pipes subjected to impact loading

Investigate the effects of seawater and impact loading on the fatigue life

     

It

is seen from results that fatigue life changes

according to both impact energy and seawater immersion time. Fatigue life of non-impacted

Impact

specimen is greater than the impacted one.

Fatigue life increases in the impacted specimens up to 3 months and reaches generally maximum value. After that it decreases with increase in seawater immersion time. During the fatigue tests, fatigue damage types named perspiration, leakage, and eruption were observed

   

Experimental

study

GlassEpoxy

composite

&

Cyclic

pipes

internal

 

pressure

2014

Influence of low velocity impact on fatigue behavior of woven hemp fiber reinforced epoxy composites

Study the influence of impact damage on the residual quasi- static tensile and

     

A

decrease of the residual tensile

Experimental to study the behavior & (proposed Empirical Equation)

strength has been measured, while the elastic

modulus remains unchanged

Woven hemp

FR Epoxy

It

was shown that impacts induce the

   

formation of damages at the fiber/interface and microcracks in the matrix, thus anticipating the phase II and phase III of

damage evolution in fatigue testing of non- impacted specimens.

cyclic fatigue strengths.

 

2014

Evaluation of a critical impact energy in GFRP under fatigue loading

Characterize damage development in fatigue testing of

Experimental to study the behavior

 

Impact

The investigations have shown that there is a

GFRP

laminate

&

Cyclic

critical impact energy causing a dramatic decrease of fatigue life. For the teste material,

   

fiber reinforced polymers as a function of impact energy, life time and stress level

   

tension

there is a unique critical value of impact energy which is dependent on the stress level

compression

2014

An empirical modified

Evaluate the residual strength of GFRP laminate following a low velocity impact event under cyclic loading

     
A mathematical model was presented to describe the damage processes in form of stiffness matrix

A mathematical model was presented to describe the damage processes in form of stiffness matrix and failure criteria in plane state for GFRP composite. The prepared model, which includes low- velocity impact and fatigue effect, is able to predict the damage growth in laminated structures

which includes low- velocity impact and fatigue effect, is able to predict the damage growth in

Experimental

fatigue damage model for impacted GFRP laminates

study &

predicted

Mathematical

model

Woven

E-

glass/epoxy

Impact

&

Cyclic

fatigue load

2014

Fatigue behavior of filament wound E-glass/epoxy composite tubes damaged by low velocity impact

Studies the effects of the mechanical properties, fiber winding angles and surface defects on the fatigue life of the component subjected to repeated loadings

   

Impact

The burst strength and the fatigue life of the damaged GRP pipes were decreased as

The burst strength and the fatigue life of the damaged GRP pipes were decreased as the

Experimental

study the

GRP

composite

&

Cyclic

impact energy increased. Also, the decrease in the fatigue life was greater than that of the

burst strength

behavior

tubes

internal-

 

pressure

 

2014

Prediction of post-impact residual strength and fatigue characteristics after impact of CFRP composite structures

Understanding the strength degradation and interactions factors of composite due to impact damage and fatigue

Experimental

   
The residual strength was calculated by substituting the hole notched strength of a

The residual strength was calculated by substituting the hole notched strength of a

study the

behavior

&

(proposed

prediction

CFRP

C shape

Impact

&

Cyclic sine

wave

standard plate specimen into the prediction model for the residual strength after impact. The predicted result agrees well with the experimental result.

prediction model for the residual strength after impact. The predicted result agrees well with the experimental
   

mode)

SUMMARY OF PROJECT PROPOSAL

Title:

Study the effect of impacted damage composite material on fatigue characterization.

Objective:

1. Understanding the strength degradation and interactions factors of composite due to impact damage and fatigue.

2. Predicted mathematical model.

3. Provide useful tool for detecting the damage in composite structures.

Materials and specimen:

3D woven composite material of carbon fiber.

Methodology:

Experimental study using the impact and fatigue tests.

Challenge:

1. Many impact tests should be conducted to characterized the impact damage (costly & time consuming).

2. NDT should be available to evaluate the impact damage (Experience).

3. Fatigue test should be performed for impacted and unimpacted sample.

Project novelty?