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No Literature Abstract Topic Issue Group

1 Amir Eskandari1,
Sohaila Hamidzadeh
Any systematic intervention in general fields to enhance the conditions and quality of life
Khiavi2, Milad
requires formal and legal support. Intervention with participation approach in urban Kepentingan
development is also not excluded from this rule and will be appeared through creating legal pendekatan
Comparison of
structures. In this paper, at first the reasons and the necessity of adopting a participatory partisipatif
approach in urban renewal are presented, and next in the framework of the comparative dalam Pendekata
approach in urban Approach/
survey method, we compare Iran and England based on the normative principle of pembaruan n
renewal in Britain strategy
partnership, and study the differences and similarities which there are between these two perkotaan Partisipatif
and Iran in legal
countries in terms of legal regulations and orders in order to better understanding the (melalui
principles governing these structures and awareness of variety of legal structures for people survey
Journal of Current
participation especially the owners of provided lands. To do so, the method of evaluation of komparatif)
Research in Science
matrix for achievement to objective has been used.
ISSN 2322-5009
2 Ravindra Tripathi The theory of Motivation propounded by Maslow in 1959 states that one of the basic needs of
and Sweta Agarwal human is shelter. Here, shelter needs does not mean mere occupation of a building only but
also other amenities and hygiene which affect the mental and physical health of people. The
people living in urban areas face challenges of proper housing, education, health, hygiene etc.
The root cause of increase in the slums in the cities is mainly due to modern industrial
civilisation and migration from rural to urban areas in search of livelihood, opportunities and
growth. They also form a part of cheap labour in the units and a vote bank for the politicians. Pemberdaya
The role of social Hence, providing better housing or accommodation to all citizen irrespective of caste and an
entrepreneurs in creed is the integral part of economic development in India. With such increasing ratio it is masyarakat
the development estimated that slum dwellers will triple in the next 25 years and the cities like Delhi will have kawasan Developing
of cooperatives four and a half million slum dwellers and the cities like kolkatta and Mumbai will have even big kumuh slum Approach/
for catalyzing numbers deprived of congenial environment (Bane and Rawal, 2002). There has occurred a melalui people strategy
empowerment in need to empower their skills, creativity and resources to make them independent and healthy fasilitator skills
the slum areas of citizens of India. Here, the study aims at empowerment of the people living in the slum areas (social
India through social entrepreneurs. There has arisen a need to develop them to meet with new entrepreneur
competitive challenges to foster sustainable development. A model has been designed where s)
the social entrepreneurs would work as facilitators to make the slum people independent and
developed through the resources available with them. The study is based on secondary
sources to identify the present challenges of the marginalised group especially children and
African Journal of women in metro cities to empower them by providing support and direction. Concluding, the
Business cooperatives here can work on providing shelter, education, health, employment and financial
Management (2013) services to the people to make them relatively independent by developing their skills.
3 Ashok Das Community-driven development (CDD) programs, facilitated by decentralization, in developing Kapasitas CBOs Approach/
countries have made community-based organizations (CBOs) key partners in new, dan (Communit Strategy
Autonomous but
participatory institutional arrangements for urban development and planning. Yet, little efektifitas y
constrained: CBOs
research exists on how such institutional arrangements and program design affect the keberadaan developme
and urban
capacity and effectiveness of CBOs. Studying the case of the Comprehensive Kampung CBOs nt Slum
upgrading in
Improvement Project (CKIP) in Surabaya, Indonesia, this paper illustrates how pre-existing (Community upgrading)
relationships between influential local institutions impeded the capacity and performance of development
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

Elsevier Ltd. 2015

CBOs that were specifically created for implementing the program, and highlights general Slum
implications for involving CBOs in CDD. upgrading)
4 Nany Yuliastuti, Novi Society is one of the influential stakeholders in shaping the quality of neighborhoods. Efforts
Saraswati to improve the quality of the environment with the involvement of community empowerment
is one of the improvement process, extracting local resources, as well as giving a greater role
to the public. This role can be seen from handling environment, such as village improvement,
renovation and improvement of the quality environment. Local institutions communities in
Environmental Indonesia known as the Neighborhood Unit (Rukun Tetangga called RT) drives the self-help
Quality in Urban Peran
community play a role in changes in the quality of residential environment. Priority is
Settlement: The komunitas/
determined by the needs of the community programs that are approved by members.
Role of Local swadaya
Kelurahan Karangturi implement environmental programs larger than the other program CBD
Community masyarakat
components. This paper is a quantitative approach with variable formulation and (Communit
Association in dalam Approach/
implementation role of local institutions in the quality of residential neighborhoods in the y Base
East Semarang rangka strategy
region in three urban locations. While in the Kelurahan Bugangan greater economic program. Developme
Sub-District perubahan
In the Kelurahan Kemijen, also dominates the implementation of environmental nt)
improvements. The role of local institutions as a stimulant and a reflection of the CBD
(Community Base Development) with a group of people who will have a sense of community
are good, such as the ability to take care of its interests in a responsible manner, free to
choose and express their opinions, actively participate in the common interest, and
Procedia - Social and community services closer to the interests of society itself. It is expected that for
Behavioral Sciences sustainability, local institutions capable of more optimal synergy with the main stakeholders in
135 (2014) monitoring the implementation of environmental quality improvement, especially after the
improvement is implemented.
5 Marwa A. Khalifa
The issue of informal settlements represents a key challenge not only in Egypt, but also
Evolution of
worldwide. A review of informal settlements upgrading policies shows that governments have
moved away from eradication policies to provision, enabling and participatory policies. This
settlements Strategi
shift was motivated by the recognition that informal settlements were not a problem but a
upgrading pengembang Participator
solution stimulated by the society when the formal housing markets cannot fulfill its demand.
strategies in an y
In Egypt, despite all efforts to contain the growth of informal settlements, they are steadily Approach/
Egypt: From permukiman developme
growing. This paper aims at mapping the change of informal settlements upgrading strategies stragegy
negligence to melalui nt
in Egypt starting from negligence to contemporary participatory development approaches and
participatory pendekatan approaches
housing policies aimed at providing affordable shelter to the urban poor. Additionally, it
development partisipatif
examines some best practices of informal settlements upgrading projects to find out the
Ain Shams
influential driving forces affecting the success of these projects that are suitable for scaling up
Engineering Journal
and replication.
6 Claire Wallace,
Florian Pichler A good society has recently been portrayed as one in which citizens engage in voluntary
More associations to foster democratic processes. Arguably, such a good society is considered as
Participation, one where people are content with their own lives as well as public life. We consider whether Kualitas
Happier Society? participation in civil society leads to more satisfied individuals on the one hand and a better masyarakat
n approach
A Comparative evaluation of society at a country level on the other. With data from the first round of the sebagai Approach/
to be a
Study of Civil European Social Survey, we illustrate that participation in voluntary associations not only good strategy
Society and the depends on individual characteristics, but that there is a clear country-level effect on civil society
Quality of Life society. This can be explained with measures of quality of society after socio-demographic (public life)
Springer Science determinants have been controlled for. Nonetheless, it remains difficult to say what comes
Business Media B.V. first: a good society or a thriving civil society.
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

7 Michael Majale
Employment This paper reviews the experience of an action research project that aimed to improve the Slum
creation through living conditions and lives of urban poor communities in three slums in Kitale, Kenya. The upgrading
participatory project set out to test whether a participatory planning approach and the creation of melalui
urban planning partnerships between slum communities and the public, private and NGO sectors could build pendekatan
Participator Approach/
and slum local capacity to assess and address the needs of slum dwellers through slum upgrading, partisipatif
y approach strategy
upgrading: The which has a known potential link to employment creation. Drawing on the experience of the dan
case of Kitale, project, the paper examines how far this potential was realized and makes recommendations kemitraan
Kenya for coordinated policies and action on employment creation through participatory urban komunitas
Habitat International planning, partnership building and working, and slum upgrading. dengan LSM
32 (2008) 270282
8 Kamna Patel In situ slum upgrades implemented through community participation are widely considered
global best practice in efforts to significantly improve the lives of at least 100 million shack
A successful slum dwellers. This paper scrutinises the process and impact of community participation in a slum
upgrade in upgrade in Durban. Based on data from an ethnographic study of Zwelisha, a newly upgraded
Durban: A case of Proses dan
settlement north of Durban, South Africa, this paper presents a nuanced analysis of the
formal change dampak dari
upgrade process and the role of community participation in achieving successful outcomes in
and informal partisipasi
terms of significant improvement to tenure security and wellbeing (as defined by Zwelishas
continuity masyarakat Participator Approach/
residents). The analysis shows that successful outcomes are intrinsically tied to the manner in
dalam y approach strategy
which the upgrade process is implemented. The paper argues the formal changes that result
in successful outcomes are possible only because of informal continuities; specifically, the
continued and consolidated power and influence of the local community development
Habitat International kumuh
committee following upgrade. While the paper frames the continuity of informal power
40 (2013) 211e217 relations as important to successful outcomes for wellbeing, the findings can also be read as a
tale of caution of how the states approach to community participation in slum upgrades may
consolidate and legitimise informal power relations that may not be necessarily benevolent.
9 Puay Yok Tan, Abdul The drastic changes in the natural environment of Singapore from the beginning of recorded
Rahim bin Abdul settlementsto the present day present numerous opportunities for understanding how
Hamid urbanization has affected the ecology of the island city-state. On the one hand, the almost
Urban ecological complete clearing of the original tropicallow land forests and the ensuing catastrophic
research in extinction of the original biodiversity, suggest how citiesought to avoid the same
Singapore and its developmental pathway. On the other hand, the relatively high percentage ofvegetation cover
relevance to the that the city has achieved due to effective urban greening policies suggest that oppor-tunities
advancement of still exist to restore functions associated with a healthy urban ecosystem. This paper reviewed Ecology in
studi ekologi
urban ecology and urban ecological research on Singapore conducted between 1991 and 2012, and summarized Urban Approach/
kota dan isu
sustainability the keyfindings according to the state factors of an urban ecosystem. The review showed that sustainabili strategy
the large majorityof the studies were focused on biodiversity, and were on the ecology in a ty
n perkotaan
city. It revealed gaps in urbanecological knowledge of Singapore, especially in relation to how
studies on the ecology of the city needto link urban ecological research to issues of urban
sustainability. Three key strategies are suggested to advance knowledge in this area. These
Elsevier B.V. (2014) are, to focus on long-term ecological studies in Singapore as anexample of a high-density
equatorial urban ecosystem, to consciously treat the built component of theurban
environment as a key component of urban ecological studies, and to leverage the strong
interestsin eco-city development as field experimental sites for urban ecological studies.
10 Davison The story of the urban poor in Harare and Zimbabwean cities in general is a story of evictions, Perencanaan Emerging Approach/
Muchadenyika fear and misery. In May 2005, at the behest of the Government of Zimbabwe the infamous partisipatif city- strategy
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

Operation Restore Order, a house demolition campaign left more than 700 thousand people
Slum upgrading
homeless. Nearly a decade later, there are increased opportunities for improvement and
and inclusive
change in the lives of the urban poor in Harare, Zimbabwe's capital city. The purpose of the
paper is to present how the Harare Slum Upgrading Programme is creating and strengthening
governance in
municipal and community partnerships to tackle city challenges in an inclusive manner. This
Harare, pengembang
research indicates the housing struggles of the urban poor and the emerging City-community
Zimbabwe: New an kawasan
engagement in urban services provision (water, sanitation, tenure security and roads) and
perspectives for melalui
changing municipal attitudes towards the urban poor. In particular, the article presents
the urban poor active city
participatory urban planning and development, slum upgrading institutional structure,
profiling and enumeration, and slum upgrading impacts (resilience of the urban poor, living in
dan community
slums without fear, expansive pool of beneficiaries, review of planning regulations and land
institusionali engageme
ownership) as major issues promoting inclusive municipal governance. Inclusivity is
sasi nt
implemented through incremental development, which is allowing people to settle on land
Habitat International first and access municipal services gradually over time. Two main factors explain such positive
journal homepage: steps towards inclusive governance in Harare. First are indications of gradual institutional
merangkul change in which the City of Harare's governance culture is changing through opening up and
kaum miski
cate/habitatint embracing the urban poor. Second, over the years, the urban poor have built a strong and
(2015) vibrant alliance which is acting as a medium of participation in City governance. The paper
concludes that slum upgrading sustainability at city-wide level requires active City
participation and institutionalisation as opposed to a project based approach. Lastly,
addressing concerns of the urban poor is susceptible to political contestations, requiring
strong impartiality to counter such forces.
11 Dian Rahmawati,
Surabaya is a densely populated city prone to urban fires. Fire outbreaks occur annually Pengurangan
causing billions of dollars of damage. Kelurahan Nyamplungan is part of Ampel strategic socio- resiko
Participatory cultural area. The Kelurahan experienced recurring fires with severe physical damage. High kebakaran
mapping for urban fire risk level in Kelurahan Nyamplungan is caused by high level of vulnerability and the low melalui Fire risk
fire risk reduction community capacity. Fire risk reduction through participatory mapping is an alternative to participator reduction
in high-density vulnerability reduction and capacity enhancement of communities through community y mapping in hidh-
urban settlement involvement. This public outreach attempt generated fire risk maps through overlay analysis (melibatkan density
and public perception of fire risk in their neighborhood. Most of the Kelurahan fall under level masyarakat settlement
4, meaning it has high fire risk. At the end of the participatory mapping activity, public dalam
Procedia - Social and awareness towards urban fire safety increased. The community now acknowledges their need pemetaan
Behavioral Sciences of fire safety equipment and vigilance in activities that could potentially cause a fire outbreak. lingkungan)
227 (2016)
12 Donald Brown, The green economy is widely promoted as a 21st century solution to sustainable Strategi Green Approach/
Gordon McGranahan development. The role of cities in pursuing this agenda is increasingly recognised. Yet, the green economy strategy
The urban informal economy, which so many urban dwellers and workers in low- and middle-income economy
informal economy, countries depend upon, is seldom considered. This paper examines the opportunities and untuk
local inclusion and barriers that the urban informal economy pose for making economies greener, and the risks perencanaan
achieving a global that such attempts pose for vulnerable informal dwellers and workers. In contemplating how kota inklusif
green this group can be included in the transition to a greener economy, the different schools of (untuk low-
transformation thought on informality are reviewed, with a focus on recent thinking that relates urban middle
informality to conflicting processes of inclusion and exclusion. The paper then considers a set income)
of action areas aimed at leveraging the positive contributions that informal dwellers and
workers can make in the transition to an economy that is not only greener, but also more
inclusive. Leveraging these contributions will require recognising and supporting women's
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

Habitat International
53 (2016) 97e105 unpaid reproductive work (including community organising and strategizing around
environmental improvements) and applying the principles of inclusive urban planning.
13 Ahmed Khaled
Ahmed Elewa Through the last decades rapid urbanization in the emerging countries was producing bad
Using the Green urban quality. This urbanization of poverty is responsible of the phenomenon of the current
Infrastructure as spreading of slums in those countries main cities, Yet the common urban solutions for
an Economic improving the urban life in those areas always require a high-cost budget which usually Green
Sustainable Tool surpassing the financial ability of the local governments. The study main objective is to Infrastructur
for Improving evaluate the possibility of using the Green Infrastructure as an economic sustainable tool for e sebagai
Urban Life in improving the urban life in urban poverty areas of emerging countries. An analytical study was alat Approach/
re, urban
Emerging done based on the case of Greater Cairo city informal areas as urban poverty areas. pembanguna strategy
Countries Urban The study has clarified how the elements of the Green Infrastructure could be used as an n
Poverty Areas effective economic and sustainable tool through its environmental, urban, and social roles, for berkelanjuta
Greater Cairo the improvement of urban poverty areas in the emerging countries main cities, Also has n
Case Study shown that the Green Infrastructure depends on available local natural elements, local experts
experience and the most important. Its affordable cost, which make it an effective economic
European Journal of
Development (2014)
14 M.Saniroychansyah, The rapid development of the cities in Indonesia is a challenge for the world of urban and
ST, M.Eng, D.Eng , regional planning. Uncontrolled urban development is causing urban problems that indirectly
dkk reduce the quality of urban life. Compact city concept through development with high density,
mixed use, providing comprehensive facilities and integrated transport, present as a solution
Urban in several countries in the world.
compactness This study aimed to find the influence of urban compactness with the quality of houses in the
effects on the city of Yogyakarta. This study used a multistage sampling method to determine the number of
perkotaan Housing Approach/
distributions of respondents and quantitative approach for analyzing results. There were five attributes of
terhadap quality strategy
healthy houses in urban compactness (population densification, transportation, activity densification, social
Yogyakarta City wellness and city size) that were used in this study. The variable of the healthy house quality
was house component, sanitation and behavior of the population (Kepmenkes
829/Menkes/SK/VIII/1999). Based on the analysis of 200 respondents in Yogyakarta, the region
Procedia - Social and
with the highest level of compactness had more healthy houses (33%) than the region which
Behavioral Sciences
compactness was medium (22%) and low (18%). It proved that urban compactness is
227 (2016 )
proportional to the distribution of healthy houses in Yogyakarta.
15 Lasmini Ambarwatia, Urban sprawl phenomenon has been a huge issue since 20th century characterized by a rapid
Robert Verhaegheb, and unbalanced settlement development with transportation network particularly in a
Adam J. Pelb, Bart suburban area. The improvement of public transport system is a major requirement to
van Aremb minimize urban sprawl. Academic researchers have explained the linkage strategy between Improveme
Controlling Urban transportation network and urban planning. However, insufficient empirical verification has nt of public
Sprawl with been made to control this phenomenon by using the integrated approach of space-transport transport, Approach/
Integrated development. This paper focuses on analyzing the improvement of public transport supply Settlement Strategy
Approach of incorporated with settlement development. The improvement of public transport (PT) is developme
Space- designed by planning Mass Rapid Transit (MRT), Light Rapid Transit (LRT), and Bus Rapid nt
Transport Transit (BRT) systems. The impact of PT improvement has affected on the settlement
Development development. Setting balance between employment and population density is designed as
Strategies alternative of urban spatial strategy. These approaches are necessary in order to analyze and
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

Procedia - Social and

Behavioral Sciences
evaluate the many alternatives to overcome this situation. The result reveals that the
138 (2014)
requirement to integrate the space-transport development strategy in order to control the
settlement development in the suburb has to be done to reduce 10% of travel time and to
16 increase
Purposedouble the usage
Informal possibility
settlements to public transport
are consistent mode.
areas in Latin The strategies
America shoulddistinctive
which exhibit be done
Jaime Hernandez,
Celia Lopez urban and social dynamics. However, despite their size and impact, these settlements have
been traditionally overlooked in terms of the contribution that they make to the city and to
any place branding strategy. These areas are commonly seen as having nothing more to offer
Is there a role for than poverty and constraint. However, literature and research shows their possibilities beyond Kontribusi
informal those traditional limits, and arguably they can actively contribute to branding cities in permukiman
settlements in LatinAmerica. The purpose of this paper is to critically explore the contribution that informal informal
branding cities? settlements can make to a fairer, more real and authentic branding of cities. untuk city Informal
Design/methodology/approach The discussion is based on two ongoing research projects, branding settements Approach/
one in urban planning and the other one in business, together with a first-hand knowledge and (kolaborasi , city strategy
engagement with informal settlements in Bogota. antara branding
Findings Informal settlements can contribute positively to branding cities. Trying to hide perencanaan
Journal of Place these areas from visitors views is not only impossible because of their size, but also not wilayah dan
Management and desirable because of how they can enrich a branding strategy. However, there are also major bisnis)
Development Vol. 4 downsides which need to be taken into consideration.
No. 1, 2011 Originality/value The value resides in the attempt to link two themes that traditionally
have been nearly opposite (informal settlements and branding cities), and the elaboration on
the outcome of this relationship.
Miguel P. Amado,
Living conditions in informal areas present a severe problem to the development of society,
Ins Ramalheteb,
particularly to public health and the respective socioeconomic context. People in these areas
Antnio R. Amado,
have no viable alternative to solve this problem themselves. In this study, several successful
Joo C. Freitas
approaches are surveyed and new methods are developed to design a holistic process capable
of not only tackling the issue of informal settlements, but doing so in a way
that is cognizant of the current global economic reality and that integrates all the dimensions
of sustainable development. In this study, an integrated regeneration strategy for Luanda's Informal
metropolitan plan in Angola is developed. The methodology is supported by a social context settlement Approach/
Regeneration of untuk
analysis and highly participative design process. The informal settlements vary in type and regeneratio strategy
informal areas: An menangani
structure, urban patterns, and their social and economic structure. These factors have been n approach
integrated masalah
taken into consideration in the approach advanced in this study, as they are deemed key
approach permukiman
aspects for the fine-tuning of the final approach. Hence, a partnership model is presented,
where the public sector provides development conditions for the private sector. The model is
supported by regeneration mechanisms that establish the roles and procedures of each
stakeholder within the process. Multiple criteria for rehousing as well as guidelines for social
Cities 58 (2016) 59 and affordable housing are used to create an integrated approach.
18 Bayram Uzun, Nida Rapid population increase, inadequate supply of affordable land for residential purposes, and Konsep Keberhasila Approach/
Celik Simsek economic reality of low-income residents have been the most important reasons behind the urban n strategy
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squatter settlements all over the world. As a developing country, since 1950, Turkey has been
Upgrading of trying to deal with illegal settlement and construction issues and by the year 2000, it took yet
illegal settlements another turn with the concept of urban regeneration in the urban areas. Based on this
in Turkey; the concept, this article has introduced general characteristics of slum regeneration and
case of North implementation stages of a regeneration project have been compiled with current data. One
Ankara Entrance of the different implementations has been selected between many other projects and pendekata
Urban analyzed from a legal and technical perspective. How the region that was in the world n urban
Regeneration megaslum list in 2005 had been transformed into the habitable places was explained. Thanks regeneratio
n lingkungan
Project to this implementation project that contains a special regeneration law for the first time in n
Turkey, a new lifestyle has been provided for the gecekondu owners, landownerhip problems
have been resolved, and squatter settlements have been legalized. The project shows that if
they are well planned and developed, including through integrated planning and management
Elsevier Ltd. (2015) approaches, cities can promote economically, socially, and environmentally sustainable
John Minnery, dkk

Slum upgrading Whilst slum upgrading is often seen as one of the more effective ways of tackling urban
and urban poverty, the approaches taken by slum upgrading policies vary considerably, as do their
governance: Case degrees of success. This article reports on a comparative study of slum upgrading experiences Studi
studies in three in Bandung, Indonesia; Quezon City, Philippines; and Hanoi, Vietnam. It was carried out using komparatif Keberhasila
South East Asian a modification of the sustainable livelihoods framework that considered upgrading policies in a pengalaman n slum Approach/
cities hierarchy of levels. The study demonstrated the importance of some form of security of tenure perbaikan upgrading strategy
(the definition of which varied across the case studies), a need for sustainable economic permukiman approach
activities to be incorporated into the upgrading, the critical importance of governance and kumuh
Habitat International
institutions and significance of the contributions of the community and elements of civil

20 Koen Olthuis, dkk The world population is growing rapidly and much of that growth is happening in urban areas.
In developing countries, this process is often accompanied by the formation and expansion of
slums. A variety of slum upgrading projects have been implemented to improve the living
conditions of slum dwellers however a wide study to investigate the objectives of slum
Slum Upgrading: upgrading projects highlighted that environmental features were of low priority compared to
Assesing the basic services and infrastructure. The paper deduces this to be a result of the dominance of
importance of UN's household-based definition of slums which lacks emphasis on the locational aspects. An
location and a aerial analysis of slums located near waterbodies emphasised the slums' dynamic nature
aspect /
plea for a spatial brought about by location and therefore the importance of location itself. Taking cue from this, Keberhasila
approach the paper recommends upgrading projects to be more location-specific that offer flexible yet n slum Approach/
customised solutions that build upon local knowledge to account for the dynamic and diverse upgrading Strategyt
nature of slums. Another inference from the study was that for various reasons one of which is approach
hazardous location slums are perceived to be temporary and as a result, there is low incentive
to invest in slums. Such a perception prohibits slum upgrading and pushes them into a
Habitat International negative spiral. Concluding that slums are, however, permanent features in the urban
journal homepage: landscape, the paper recommends a change in perception and urges practitioners to accept this permanent nature of slums. The focus and findings of this paper are relevant in context of
cate/habitatint the Habitat III Conference in 2016 which has as its focus the New Urban Agenda that
(2015) recognises the ever-changing dynamics of human civilization and aims to bring together
diverse urban actors to review urban and housing policies.
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21 Peran
Debraj Roy, dkk The existence of slums or informal settlements is common to most cities of developing simulasi
countries. Its role as single housing delivery mechanism has seriously challenged the popular komputer
The emergence of notion held by policy makers, planners and architects. Today informality is a paradigm of city untuk
slums: A making and economic growth in Africa, Asia and Latin America. This paper discusses the role memahami
contemporary of computer simulation models to understand the emergence and growth of slums in faktor Model Approach/
view on developing countries. We have identified the key factors influencing the growth of slums and munculnya simulation strategy
simulation models formulated a standardized set of criteria for evaluating slum models. The review of existing daerah
Environmental computer simulation models designed to understand slum formation and expansion enabled kumuh di
Modelling & us to define model requirements and to identify new research questions with respect to negara-
Software 59 (2014) exploring the dynamics of slums. negara
76e90 berkembang
I. Torres
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the case of the Museum of Favela (MUF),
which is a NGO set in Rio de Janeiro to develop renewed images of slums, based on their
Branding slums: a history of resistance and cultural production. The purpose is to uncover the nuances of this
community-driven peculiar case, in which a group of slums residents plays the role of place brand managers.
strategy for urban Design/methodology/approach Using a combination of participant observation,
inclusion in Rio de document analysis and a series of in-depth interviews with participants and partners alike, the
Janeiro paper identifies main motivations, networks and actions driving the strategy.
Findings The major aim of the approached place branding is to tackle deeply-rooted Place
dengan cara
prejudices against slums and their residents. By expanding residents networks and skills, MUF branding,
meningkatka Approach/
supports tourism-related activities that allow the construction and promotion of new meaning community
n strategy
for slums. Despite remarkable gains, scaling up community engagement is still a big challenge engageme
for the consolidation of the aspired images. nt
Journal of Place Practical implications While current approaches to informal settlements deal mainly with
Management and housing and infrastructure access, the perception of residents is clearly neglected. Focusing
Development Vol. 5 on the image re-construction, the paper offers relevant insights for slum upgrading policy
No. 3, 2012 frameworks.
Originality/value This paper focuses on the incorporation of a place branding strategy as
an attempt of urban inclusion developed on the ground and on the use of slums cultural
heritage so far overlooked in policy frameworks to generate re-imaged slums.

23 Nina Nurdiani
Adjustment and Multi-storey housing is one of many living space types which has been provided for low- Proses
Self-help income society in Indonesia. Occupants in multi-storey housing do adjustment process to penyesuaian
Approach for increase housing unit quality and their dwelling space. The objectives of this study are to ruang
Improving explore and to understand how the occupants do adjustment and improving housing unit tempat Self-help Approach/
Housing Unit quality with self-help approach. This study is needed to get the success providing of vertical tinggal approach strategy
Quality in Multi- housing for low-income society in urban areas of Indonesia. The method of this study use (dengan
Storey Housing descriptive approach with field research at multi-storey housing in Jakarta. Result of this study self-help
Applied Mechanics gives knowledge about adjustment process in multi-storey housing with self-help approach. approach)
and Materials Vols.
174-177 (2012)
24 Moustafa A. Mekawy This paper aims to evaluate stakeholders views on the potential role that slum tourism and its Potensi Slum Approach/
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

Responsible Slum associated products can play in enhancing living conditions in slums in Egypt. Empirical kumuh untuk
Tourism: Egyptian results were obtained using two quantitative surveys: one to investigate dwellers perceptions meningkatka
Experience and a second to select appropriate pro-poor products based on stakeholders preferences. n kualitas
Findings show that inhabitants have positive attitudes toward the possibility of benefiting from hidup di
tourism strategy
Annals of Tourism slum tourism, but they differed in their ranking of the appropriateness of related pro-poor daerah
Research, Vol. 39, products. Based on findings, authorities should develop appropriate slum tourism products kumuh
No. 4, pp. 2092 and typologies, as a planning threshold, to enhance living conditions of dwellers. A useful (melalui
2113, 2012 planning way of drawing ties between slum types and typologies is presented. produk
25 Anya Diekmann,
This paper engages with contemporary debates about tourism mobilities by examining a
Kevin Hannam
central tension in contemporary social science research, namely a concern, on the one hand, Mobilitas
with theories that help us to analyse various representations of social life, and, on the other pariwisata
Mobilities In
hand, more recent non-representational theories that have emphasised how places are kawasan
Indias Slum Slum Approach/
experienced and embodied. Drawing upon this insight, this paper examines the multi-faceted kumuh
Spaces tourism strategy
tourism mobilities of slum spaces in India through an examination of the coupling of western melalui film
Annals of Tourism
representations of mobilities in films of the slums in India with the practices of walking tour dan tour
Research, Vol. 39,
experiences of western tourists. Finally, the paper concludes by developing the wider berjalan
No. 3, pp. 1315
theoretical insights that more than representational theory can give to tourism studies.
1336, 2012
Ashok Das This paper investigates the microfinance component of a community-managed slum
upgrading program the Comprehensive Kampung Improvement Project (CKIP) in Surabaya,
Slum upgrading program
Indonesia. CKIP marked a progressive planning turn in post-decentralization Indonesia,
with community- Comprehens
providing communities unprecedented autonomy in designing and implementing projects. This
managed ive Kampung Slum
mixed-methods analysis finds that unfavorable institutional, program design, and contextual Approach/
microfinance: Improvemen upgrading
factors made managing microfinance challenging for communities despite their autonomy and Strategy
Towards t Project approach
rich experience with physical upgrading.
progressive terhadap
planning in komponen
Keywords: Community participation, Microfinance, CBOs, Slum upgrading, Surabaya,
Indonesia microfinance
Elsevier Ltd. (2015)
27 Christian Arandel, Over the past four decades, as urbanization has increased in the Global South, pressures have
Anna Wetterberg mounted apace to convert slums to higher value use. In spite of policy shifts towards including
Between residents viewpoints, involuntary resettlement remains inherently conflictive on at least two
Authoritarian levels: between residents and outside actors and among residents themselves. In this paper
sosial untuk Social
and Empowered we present a social mediation approach that addresses these two levels of conflict, illustrating
menghindari mediation
slum relocation: its application in a slum relocation program in Ennakhil, Morocco. Social mediation occupies a
konflik as Approach/
Social mediation middle ground between an authoritarian, urban planning approach to relocation and
dalam approach strategy
in the case of resettlement programs that have community empowerment as an explicit objective. We argue
relokasi on slum
Ennakhil, Morocco that a clear emphasis on mediating conflict should be more widely incorporated in slum
(pendekatan relocation
relocation and other development programs. While the social mediation approach has clear
Cities 30 (2013) advantages over authoritarian approaches, it is also better suited than the empowerment
140148 approach for projects that, like involuntary resettlement, inherently generate conflict and limit
the opportunities for disadvantaged groups to control decisions.
28 Janet Gruber The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness addressed the roles of donor and recipient country Keterlibatan Society Approach/
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

development governments in the achievement of development that is more fit for purpose. This article
more fit for considers progress on its implementation, specific to engagement with civil society.
purpose: how to It is argued that such engagement has not been adequately addressed. Core ethical issues
sipil dalam
support greater remain unanswered. Who is development for? What should be its objectives? Why should civil participatio
pembanguna strategy
civil society society actors continue to engage in development that remains unfit for purpose in terms of n
n fit to
participation achieving desirable outcomes? Who should decide on priorities and who should evaluate
Progress in activities so as to achieve an honest appraisal of outcomes? Whose voices matter most, and
Development to whom should donor and recipient country governments be accountable?
Studies 11, 1 (2011)
29 Alexander R. Architecture, Urban design, and Urban Planning, have a coterminous existence as praxis, yet
Cuthbert they remain both theoretically and professionally isolated from each other. Urban design is
arguably the worst off since it has no professional identity of its own. This position allows
several events to take place. First, anybody can lay claim to being an urban designer, thus
opening the gate to charlatans of all descriptions. Second, the two professions that colonize
A debate from
urban design can continue to be self-referential when it comes to defining the discipline,
whereby urban design becomes politicized rather than theorized. Third, on this basis, urban
spatial political
design education can continue to be anything anybody decides it is. Hence the training of
economy and
urban designers adopts the format of what teachers know, or what professions require. In
urban design
other words, it becomes structured on the basis of personal and professional ideologies. At the
root of the problem lies the question of theory, the only unambiguous manner to determine
Pendekatan Spatial
the integrity of the discipline, thereby eliminating problems of charlatanism, professional
kunci dalam political
haggling and appropriate educational curricula. I argue that Urban Design theory is wholly Approach/
proyek economy
eclectic, lacking in substance and indecisive as to its core values and meanings. In addition, strategy
perancangan and urban
what passes for theory is largely divorced from any substantial foundation in the social or
perkotaan design
natural sciences. The question is how do we move forward? In order to do this, the paper first
takes a look at the big picture, with a brief assessment of the three major theoretical
URBAN DESIGN movements of the 20th century, namely Post-Modernism, Post-Colonialism and Globalization,
International the latter offering some key insights into questions of urban form in the information age. I
Palgrave Macmillan then proceed to review key approaches in urban design theory, and conclude that urban
Ltd (2005) design must realign itself with the substantial theoretical base being constructed within urban
social theory, human geography and cultural studies, a grouping that roughly equates to what
is termed Spatial Political Economy. This project has relevance not only for urban design
education, theory and practice, by association, it also has implications for Architecture and
Urban Planning. In rebuilding one professional territory, it is clear that the others cannot
remain unaffected.
30 Jeong-Hee Eum, dkk The main aim of this paper is to examine ways to integrate urban climate information into
urban planning using spatially distributed information. To achieve this, the structures of urban Integrasi
Integrating urban planning in the study area and their contents concerning climate issues were examined. informasi
climate into urban Spatially distributed information on ventilation, air quality and thermal situation in the study iklim Strategic
master plans area was generated using the CAMPUS framework, which is a set of climate analysis and perkotaan environme
using spatially evaluation tools suitable for planning purposes. Finally, urban planning strategies concerning dengan ntal
distributed Approach/
ventilation, air quality and thermal situation were suggested, and planning measures for perencanaan assessmen
informationThe strategy
implementing the planning strategies were recommended. This study will contribute to a perkotaan t (SEA) in
Seoul example discussion on how urban climate information can be more efficiently considered in urban (menggunak urban
spatial planning. Furthermore, the information generated in this study can support the an spatial planning
Elsevier Ltd. (2013) development of an evaluative framework for the integration of the climate information into distributed
the environmental assessment process, e.g. the implementation of strategic environmental information)
assessment (SEA) in urban planning.
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

31 Jessica Yu, dkk Identifikasi

Slum Upgrading Analytical literature on the exact link and nature of problems faced by the urban poor due to strategi
Programs and climate change and disasters is scarce. The objective of this research is to identify slum manajemen
Disaster residents current disaster management (DM) strategies, their perceived needs, and bencana,
Resilience: A Case preferences for infrastructural upgrades. Twenty-four in-depth interviews and nine focus kebutuhan Approach/
Study of an Indian groups were conducted with community members in seven different communities in dan strategy
Smart City Ahmedabad, India. One important finding was that some physical and non-physical preferensi
Procedia infrastructure needs were not considered in traditional slum upgrading strategies. Implications untuk
Environmental of these findings can be considered for DM strategies and for Sustainable Development Goal upgrade
Sciences 36 ( 2016 ) infrastruktur
32 Mahbubur Rahman Squatter settlements providing housing to a large part of the urban population in many
developing countries have grown due to lack of affordability created by widespread poverty
and inadequate housing finance and land development systems. Governments mostly
assisted by the international aid agencies have improved income, resources, environment and
Squatter Housing
tenure security in many settlements, but could not eradicate the problems as benefits did not Pendekatan
in The Developing
multiply due to lack in institutional development, policy implementation, governance, sustainable
World: Changing
participation etc. Moreover, the squatters capability to bring affordable and sustainable housing Sustainable Approach/
solutions through their own process was ignored. Accordingly, they were not enabled to untuk krisis housing strategy
make best utilization of their capability and available resources towards sustainable housing. perumahan
This paper discusses the changing approaches to the issues of low-income groups housing in berlanjut
Archnet-IJAR, Volume the developing countries in the above context, and discusses ways to bring about a more
5 - Issue 1 - March sustainable solution. It emphasizes on spontaneous building, and sees how as a process it
2011 could be exploited to bring a viable solution to the unabated housing crisis. In doing the above
it includes discussion on specific issues like affordability and enablement.
33 Iftekhar Ahmed, Jalel Synergistic
Sager & Le Vu Cuong strategies
This paper presents concepts important for understanding the potential of sustainable low-
Sustainable Low- untuk
income housing in Vietnam, with a focus on key environmental, socio-economic, and cultural
Income Urban perumahan
dimensions that bear on its housing sector. It examines challenges for sustainable urban
Housing in berpenghasil Sustainable
development in Hanoi and HCMC, Vietnam's two main cities. Recognising the current
Vietnam: Context an rendah urban Approach/
challenges in balancing affordability and sustainability, the study explores Vietnam's lack of
and Strategies dalam developme strategy
adequate and affordable housing and the problem of its urban slums. Synergistic strategies
rangka nt
open house suitable for the Vietnamese context are then suggested for sustainable low-income housing in
international Vol 35, these two cities.
No.3, September Keywords : Vietnam; Low-Income Housing; Sustainability; Neoliberal Urbanism
34 This study aims to draw attention to the architecture of kampung housing, as an attempt to
Ellisa, Evawani Karakteristik
identify those circumstances under which people live in the context of limited space. A
kampung housing is a dense non-formally planned cluster of residential dwellings in urban The
Coping with permukiman
area, which are packed together in a contiguous area created by a large number of migrants. characteris
Crowding in High- padat
We tried to determine the way in which the spaces are arranged into a place to live, which ticsof
Density Kampung terhadap Approach/
implies a certain dynamic of survivability among the kampungs inhabitants. The research kampung
Housing of Jakarta strategi strategies
methodology is conducted with questionnaire surveys, interviews, and detailed observations housing,
Archnet-IJAR, Volume bertahan
of daily life cycles, dwelling elements, and the pattern of domestic space arrangements. The Behavioral
10 - Issue 1 - March (melalui
study revealed that the characteristics of particular high-density settings have been adapted strategies
2016 - (195-212) perilaku
so that kampung inhabitants devised a particular set of rules and behavioral strategies to
Regular Section masyarakat)
cope and support themselves in crowded situations.
35 Amin Kamali Development is one of the most important demands of modern societies, which depicts Efisiensi dan Urban Approach/
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

The Place and

Value of Cultural different forms of economic, political, social and cultural situation of the community.
Development in Architecture as a social phenomenon is rooted in the culture and affects it and reflects human
Architecture and thoughts in relation to space, aesthetics, and culture. That is why the architecture of each architectur
Urbanism period is reflected in its art and culture and is proportional to the changes that occur in other e
an ruang
areas of life and art. Thus, this issue is the most important concern of theorists and experts in developme
European Online arsitektur
the field of culture and architecture. In this study, the problem is stated by using the analytical nt,
Journal of Natural perkotaan strategy
method and library studies also relying on the literature of the subject. The main challenges Community
and Social Sciences (konteks
before cultural development in Iran provides ground for opportunities and threats that shows -based
2014; Vol.3, No.4 budaya
the more need for efficient planning and effective cultural management in Iran. When cultural
Special Issue on berbasis
architectural and urban space is developed in community-based cultural contexts in time and contexts
Architecture, masyarakat)
is continuously reflected in the spatial dimension in a large-scale, it can lead to a cultural
Urbanism, and Civil
development growth in architecture and urbanism.
36 Katila Vilar, Ivan Taking as reference the historical context of the expansion phenomenon of Medellin and the
Cartes anthropogenic processes based on Moravias neighborhood, this paper purpose is to make an
impact evaluation of the Integral Improvement Plan (PPMIM 2004- 2011), using the
relationship between the urban design features and the social capital variables. Initially, a
Urban design and
theoretical and conceptual framework of the various topics under review is presented.
social capital in
Secondly, we confront the PPMIMs principles, its urban design strategies, its procedural Pendekatan
slums. Case study:
methodology with the built project and evaluate its general socio spatial impact. Finally, we social Urban
analyze its impact on the cognitive and structural dimensions of the social capital. The capital design. Approach/
Integral Improvement Plan (PPMIM) brought the physical, ecological, cultural and social untuk Social strategy
Medellin, 2004-
rehabilitation of the human settlement allowing recovering the historical as well as the program capital
cultural memory of the community and strengthening some aspects of the social capital and rancang kota
its ties, as the bridging and linking networks. Finally the paper highlights and summarizes
Procedia - Social and positive and negative implications of slum upgrading programs and some necessary
Behavioral Sciences recommendations for urban design, the social capital that can really be translated into real
216 ( 2016 ) 56 67 resources for the self-sustainable development of low-income communities and their future
37 K.M. Grace Wong Singapore, whose land area is approximately 660km2, is one of the most densely populated
cities in the world. In the 2001 Concept Plan, the Urban Redevelopment Authority estimated
Vertical cities as a
that Singapore would need 800000 more homes or 6400 ha of land to cater to a projected
solution for land
population of 5.5 million. Considering other competing demands for land resources, the 2001
scarcity: the
Concept Plan has suggested constructing taller buildings. Thus, in August 2001, the Housing Persepsi,
tallest public
and Development Board initiated the development of a new 50-storeys public housing design. sikap,
The 50-storeys public housing development, which comprises about 2000 dwellings, is the hubungan
development in
first of its kind in Singapore. This paper provides an insight into the potential residents dan tingkat Vertical
perception, attitudes, concerns and acceptability of such a high-rise high-density housing penerimaan city, Approach/
URBAN DESIGN development that has features that are similar to a vertical city. Findings reveal that despite masyarakat Land strategy
International (2004) being accustomed to decades of high-rise living, less than half of the Singaporean population terhadap scarcity
9, 1730 would choose to live in such dwellings. Younger and smaller households, as well as males tend pengembang
2004 Palgrave to be more receptive towards this new housing form. The main attractions of such high-rise an vertical
Macmillan Ltd. 1357- housing developments are the scenic view and windy environment in contrast to major city.
5317/04, concerns such as pricing, safety of the building structure, insufficient provision of facilities as
www.palgrave- well as traffic congestion. The findings have important implications for policy-makers, especially in congested cities where land is a major constraint, and the only way to build is
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

38 Salvador Garca-
Rapid One of the main factors of imbalance in the urban development of cities is undoubtedly their
development as a growth rate. In this sense, one of the main characteristics of rural-urban migration phenomena
factor of that have shaped the development of megacities in developing countries has been the need Analisis pola
imbalance in to integrate a large mass of people through processes of rapid growth of its urban plot. In this perilaku
urban growth of paper the growth of five different cities in Latin America is analyzed from the perspective of masyarakat Pattern of
cities the impact of these processes of transformation in the urban landscape, describing different di kota padat urban Behaviour
in Latin America: levels of pathology in their development. Consumption of periurban space, cityscape akibat behaviour
A perspective misconfiguration, or the longterm sustainability of these processes of transformation are kepadatan
based on complex issues that need to be addressed from a rigorous and technical perspective. These kota (GIS)
territorial variables will be subject to GIS evaluation and diagnosis by territorial indicators in order to
indicators establish patterns of behaviour.
Habitat International
58 (2016) 127e142
39 China's urbanization and industrialization process is replacing large amounts of farmland,
Yuzhe Wu, Jiaojiao which is strongly driven by the country's land finance regime, with the intensified regional/
Luo, Xiaoling Zhang, local competition for manufacturing investment opportunities pushing local governments to
Martin Skitmore expropriate farmland at low prices while leasing land at high market value to property
developers. The additional revenue obtained in this way, termed financial increment in land
Urban growth value, can drive local economic growth and provide associated infrastructure and other public
dilemmas and services. At the same time, however, a floating population of large numbers of inadequately
solutions in China: compensated land-lost farmers, although unable to become citizens, have to migrate into
Looking forward urban areas for work, causing overheated employment and housing markets, with rocketing
Solusi dan
to unaffordable housing prices. This, together with various micro factors relating to the party/
2030 state's promotion/evaluation system, plays an essential role leading to serious economic, Urbanizatio
environment and social consequences, e.g., for migrant welfare, the displacement of peasants n causes
dari dilema Behaviour
and loss of land resources, in need of immediate attention. and
Our question, therefore, is whether such type of urbanization is sustainable. What are the solution
kota akibat
mechanisms behind China's phenomenal urbanization process? From the perspective of
institutionalism, this paper investigates the institutional background of the urban growth
dilemma and solutions in urban China by introducing an inter-regional game theoretical
Habitat International framework to indicate why the present urbanization pattern is unsustainable. Looking forward
56 (2016) 42e51 to 2030, major policy changes are made from the triple consideration of the floating
population, social security and urban environmental pressures. This involves (1) changing the
land increment based finance regime into a land stock finance system, (2) the citizenization of
migrant workers with affordable housing and (3) creating a more enlightened local
government officer appraisal system to better take into account societal issues such as
welfare and beyond.
40 Wulan Dwi Citizen happiness is one of the attributes to measure the quality of life. It is known that the Tingkat
Purnamasari, Deni government city development priority, one of them is offering the citizens all the required kebahagiaan
Agus Setyono, Imas services and developing sustainable city program then achieve happiness standard. If masyarakat
Dayana government cannot afford it for the people, it can be counted as failures for them. The main miskin Happiness
Figuring the goal of this research is to figure out the happiness condition in Malang City, which was sebagai of poor
happiness of poor focused on happiness of poor communities. Happiness conditions were depicted on index that ukuran communiti
communities in carried from Gross National Happiness Index (GNHI) method. There are 6 variables that were keberhasilan es
Malang City: considered based on the necessities of life aspects which were health, education, good program
measuring the governance, community vitality, environment, and living standard. From the results, it can be pengembang
outcome of slum described that the highest value of happiness index of poor communities in Malang City is an kota oleh
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

and squatter

Procedia - Social and more than 0.77. Those values were figured from city center areas which include Klojen, pemerintah
Behavioral Sciences Gadingkasri, Kasin, Ketawanggede, Kota Lama, and Sawojajar sub-district. Then the lowest
227 ( 2016 ) 521 value of happiness index is less than 0.55, covered fringe areas.
Sohail Ahmad, Mack
Joong Choi, Jinsoo Ko This study estimates quantitative and qualitative demand for housing using household survey
data in Delhi. Both housing demand and demand for housing attributes are further stratified
Quantitative and by settlement typeeslum and non-slum, and by tenure e owner and renter. The estimation Tingkat
qualitative results indicate that housing demand is inelastic with respect to price and income, whereas permintaan
demand for slum the magnitude of price elasticity is overall smaller than that of income elasticity in absolute perumahan
and non-slum term. In slum households, however, price elasticity is larger than income elasticity. The dan atribut
housing in Delhi: estimates of housing attributes also show that floor area, availability of a separate kitchen, perumahan Behaviour
Empirical permanent material of roof, independent latrine, drainage, and flat type of dwelling structure, terhadap
evidences from among others, are important determinants of rent. In slum households, however, only quantity income
household data variables matter while quality variables have little effect on rent. This study concludes with masyarakat
policy prescriptions including sufficient urban land supply, which is required to cope with kumuh
Habitat International income growth of non-slum households on one hand and to provide low cost dwelling for slum
38 (2013) 90e99 household on the other hand.

S. Volbeda In Latin America, low-income women work, not only in their homes and in factories or Permasalaha
other places for income-generating activities, but also in their neighbourhoods to n
Housing and
organise and take part in a network for survival strategies. This is the crucial point of perumahan
Strategies of
view presented in this article. In the Introduction something is said about the magnitude dan strategi
Women in of housing problems that our generation has to face and what contribution from the self- ibu-ibu di
Metropolitan Slum help approach may be expected under conditions of economic recession. The paper is permukiman Woman-
Areas divided into two parts. The first part provides a theoretical framework on the subject of kumuh slum living Behaviour
in Brazil housing and survival strategies of women in urban Latin America. The second part deals bertahan strategy
with a concrete example of how women from a slum settlement in Sgo Bernard do hidup
Campo, a city in the metropolitan area of Sgo Paulo, Brazil, have tried to survive and kemudian
improve their housing situation. The paper concludes with a few remarks in which theory memperbaiki
Habitat International
and practice are compared. To provoke a discussion on the subject finally some perumahan
statements and questions are added. mereka

43 Brian C. Aldrich Variations in squatter mobilization and the structure of political elites are shown to be Analisis Descriptive Behaviour
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

related to the integration of squatters into formal housing recent history of squatter
acquisition of a place in the cities of Southeast Asia. The cities analyzed are Hong Kong
Winning their (China), Singapore, Jakarta (Indonesia), Bangkok (Thailand), Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) and
place in the city: Manila (the Philippines). Squatter activity in each one is analyzed from the Post-WW II
Squatters in kondisi
period of the 1950's and 1960's, to the contemporary situation of 2015. Each of these
Southeast Asian penghuni
cases can be characterized at the beginning of the period, as having large numbers of
cities permukiman
squatters and squatter settlements, with few or no adequate housing, municipal services,
etc. Each one of them dominated by economic elites in the form of conglomerates. The
(perjuangan slum study
analysis describes the initial conditions of squatters, major shifts and events during the
untuk case
last fifty or so years, and the different outcomes in the struggles for place in the cities. mendapatka
The analysis is based upon observations, interviews and institutional materials gathered n tempat
by the author in the 1960's, 1970,s and 1980's and from interviews, reports and tiinggal
Habitat International institutional data currently available on each case. The analysis in these six case studies dalam kota)
53 (2016) 495e501 show that a unified political elite, little or no squatter mobilization and government
control or ownership of the land, were the most important institutional factors in
integrating squatters into cities. Singapore, Hong Kong and Kuala Lumpur integrated all
or most squatters into the formal housing of their cities.
Jan K. Brueckner
This paper uses Indonesian data to provide new evidence on the links between Hubungan
Slums in household and dwelling characteristics in a developing country. The results show that antara latar
developing higher income and education lead to occupancy of dwellings with better structural belakang
countries: New characteristics, an effect that is reinforced if the household is large and contains few penghuni
evidence for children. Religion also matters, with non-Buddhist households occupying dwellings with dan Behaviour
Indonesia worse structural characteristics. karakteristik
The directions of these effects are mostly consistent with separate estimates of tinggalnya di
Journal of Housing household bid-rent functions, which show that willingness-to-pay for better housing negara
Economics 22 (2013) attributes rises with income and education. berkembang

45 Ramnath In India, non-notified slums are not officially recognized by city governments; they suffer Dampak Slums Behaviour
Subbaraman, dkk from insecure tenure and poorer access to basic services than notified (government- kesehatan people
The psychological recognized) slums. We conducted a study in a non-notified slum of about 12,000 people in mental pada psychology
toll of slum living Mumbai to determine the prevalence of individuals at high risk for having a common mental beban
in Mumbai, India: disorder (i.e., depression and anxiety), to ascertain the impact of mental health on the burden gangguan
A mixed of functional impairment, and to assess the influence of the slum environment on mental fungsional
methods study health. We gathered qualitative data (six focus group discussions and 40 individual interviews permukiman
in JulyeNovember 2011), with purposively sampled participants, and quantitative data (521 dan
structured surveys in February 2012), with respondents selected using community- level pengaruh
random sampling. For the surveys, we administered the General Health Questionnaire-12 lingkungan
(GHQ) to screen for common mental disorders (CMDs), the WHO Disability Assessment kumuh pada
Schedule 2.0 (WHO DAS) to screen for functional impairment, and a slum adversity kesehatan
questionnaire, which we used to create a composite Slum Adversity Index (SAI) score. Twenty- mental.
three percent of individuals have a GHQ score 5, suggesting they are at high risk for having a
CMD. Psychological distress is a major contributor to the slum's overall burden of functional
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

Social Science &

Medicine 119 (2014)
impairment. In a multivariable logistic regression model, household income, poverty-related
factors, and the SAI score all have strong independent associations with CMD risk. The
qualitative findings suggest that non-notified status plays a central role in creating
psychological distressdby creating and exacerbating deprivations that serve as sources of
46 Michael E. Smith
HOUSING IN This paper describes a broad comparative perspective on urban housing in cities before the Tipologi dan
PREMODERN modern era, including the newly-defined category of low-density city. My objective is to faktor yang
CITIES: Patterns of Premodern
promote comparative analysis of premodern urban housing forms. I present a typology of mempengar
Social and Spatial urban
house types that is based on the concepts of dwelling and household. The types are: uhi bentuk Design
Variation housing
individual house; house group; contiguous houses; walled compound; and apartment building. perumahan
Archnet-IJAR, Volume forms
Among the many factors that influenced the forms and nature of premodern urban housing, I perkotaan
8 - Issue 3 - single out three causal forces: cultural tradition, density, and political dynamics. pramodern
November 2014 -
47 Qiao Ning1, Hui Gao1
and Nan Chen2 Langkah
Development In this paper, based on the introduction of the typical cases of foreign and domestic housing, hemat
Trend of High- it is indicated that Chinas high-density housing should be improved in concepts, planning and energi dalam
density Housing in construction. Compared with high-density housing in developed county from urban planning, peningkatan Design
China floor plan and ecology measures it is stressed that we should focus on some energy-saving pembanguna
nt, energy
measures in the construction which adapt to the current condition of our country. n
Applied Mechanics saving
and Materials (2013)
48 Rika Kisnarini
Importance of
Functionality in
Realizing This paper researches daily household activities and use of space at low cost apartments in
Sustainability of Surabaya, Indonesia. In-depth interviews on where & how much space required for activities
Low Cost were done. Functionality is assessed by standards and classified as highly, functional, less, Tingkat Functionali
Apartments in and non-functional. Findings: 13 of 14 apartments have open floor plans with no fixed fungsional ty of low-
Surabaya, partitioning; 70% families tend to separate private from the more public space; families penggunaan cost Design
Indonesia entertain, eat, iron, play, work and relax while watching TV in the more public space of multi- ruang di apartment
Eindhoven functional zone in the unit. Units are concluded less sufficient especially for multi-functional rusun s space
University of and toilet spaces. It is recommended that unit area of 18 m2 be discontinued. To be
Technology functional, developed unit should be at least 32 m2.
Architecture and
Urban Planning
49 Donovan Gottsmann Poor living conditions in informal settlements may be attributed mostly, though not Solusi desain Informal Design
and Amira Osman exclusively, to the lack of basic services. Informal settlements, which also go by the name of arsitektur settlement
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

Environments of squatter camps, are volatile by nature. Even within relatively fixed settlement boundaries,
Change: An Open change in urban fabric continually manifests through altering dwelling configurations. Deemed
Building Approach unstable and unsafe by formal criteria, these environments disclose schizophrenic
Towards A Design characteristics: beyond the dirt, grime and smog, exist relatively functional societies capable
Solution for An of survival and self-regulation.
Informal Public and private sector investment within informal settlements is restricted as a result of
Settlement in their illegal status. Inhabitants have no incentive to invest their own resources where they
Mamelodi, South have no formal tenure over the land. Due to a rather backward approach to informality in
Africa South Africa, innovation in dealing with these settlements has been limited. Despite the fact generik/
that the rhetoric has sometimes changed from eradication to upgrading, little has been done organic
with regards to alternative forms of settlement development that has relevance in terms of architecture
improving the lives of informal settlement dwellers. terhadap design
With rising anger in poverty-stricken areas and on the peripheries of cities, what is needed is penyediaan solution
improved service delivery through immediate solutions. This article suggests a service infrastruktur
delivery core, an architectural catalyst, rooted to the 'energy' of the public realm, stimulating permukiman
Open house growth of infrastructure networks. This catalyst core aims to instigate the amelioration of the informal
international Vol.37 surrounding environment.
No.1, March 2012 The concept presented is that of a dynamic service core universal in principle while also
being contextually-driven by responding to a specific environment and needs of a specific
community. A generic architectural solution is thus presented to providing basic services and
infrastructure within informal settlements, with focussed consideration for the unique situation
of an informal settlement in Mamelodi, Tshwane (Pretoria), South Africa. It is important to
realise that there is no final product, but rather an organic architecture that adapts in a
process of continuous and progressive change.
50 This article is based on a study of Madipur widow colony in west Delhi, built as part of the UN
Ayona Datta
International Year of Shelter for the Homeless in 1987. Designed to accommodate widows
Architecture of from squatter settlements in Delhi, very few of the original houses now survive and very few
low-income widow of the original owners remain. The spatial stories of the participants suggest how and why and Architectur
housing: spatial under what circumstances a States visions of empowerment as translated into utopian e for low-
bagi janda Design
opportunities in architectural projects are transformed by the people who inhabit them. They illustrate how a income
Madipur, West particular set of spatial opportunities built into the widow colony are manipulated and seized housing
Delhi upon by the participants to produce an uneven geography of architecture and empowerment.
SAGE Publications This article thus extends the important work on critical geographies of architecture to the
(2008) architecture of low-income housing in the global South.
51 The recent decades have witnessed the widespread manifestation of intelligent building Konsep local- Sustainable Design
AmirHosein design development around the world. Meanwhile, the concept of smart housing as one of the smart- smart
Ghaffarian Hoseini, main issues of intelligent building design development has stimulated various architects and housing housing
dkk designers to make use of it for the sake of sustainable housing. However, this study (penggabun design
represents a gap in smart housing design owing to the lack of a deep consideration on cultural gan smart-
The Concept of values of users for ensuring the socio-cultural sustainability as one of the objectives of housing
Local-Smart- sustainable smart housing designs. Accordingly, the study puts forward the concept of local- dengan
Housing: Towards smart-housing through utilization of appropriate vernacular architectural features and cultural budaya
Socio-Cultural values of vernacular settlements in smart housing design in order to reinforce the lokal)
Sustainability of sociocultural ustainability. Meanwhile, this study is limited to the Malay context in order to
Vernacular identify the vernacular features of Malay vernacular settlements functional spaces for
Settlements utilization in smart housing design to make them culturally responsive. Correspondingly, this
Archnet-IJAR, Volume study proposes the concept of local-smart-housing based on the incorporation of intelligent
5 - Issue 2 - July building design and utilization of vernacular features for enhancing the quality of life for users.
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52 Kuei-Hsien Liao, Anh Despite the widespread implementation of flood control infrastructure, modern cities around
Tuan Le, Kien Van the worldremain vulnerable to flood hazards. Although flood management has in general
Nguyen placed less emphasis onstructural measures, urban flood hazard mitigation continues to fixate
Urban design on the flood control paradigm, the ideology that flooding must be prevented in the first place,
principles for as flooding is assumed to be disastrous. Topromote urban flood resilience, this paper argues
flood resilience: for the alternative flood adaptation paradigm, which concerns preventing damage when
Learning from the flooding occurs and allows flooding to enter the city. The argumentis grounded on our
ecological wisdom fieldworks on the ecological wisdom of living with floods in the Vietnamese MekongDelta in Mitigasi
of living with two hamlets, Vinh An and Ha Bao, where flooding is mostly harmless and brings benefits. bencana
floods in the Toturn this ecological wisdom of the rural hamlets into practical knowledge, we extract lessons banjir, Design
Vietnamese for moderncities: Modern cities need ecological knowledge to nurture ecological wisdom; and Urban
Mekong Delta need to become agileby developing localized flood-response capacity, striving for timely design
systemwide adjustment, and turningamphibious. To make these lessons of the ecological
akibat banjir
wisdom actionable, we translate them into three urban design principles: Urban design should
(1) anticipate and accommodate flooding, (2) incorporatethe ecological process of flooding,
Elsevier B.V. (2016) and (3) reveal the flood dynamics to the public.

Keywords: Adaptation, Flood hazard mitigation, Living with floods, Urban design, Urban
resilience, Mekong Delta
53 The focus of this paper is participatory design (PD); a field that has been in existence since
Tom Sanya the 1960s. Reflections on a PD project in which the author played a central role revealed that
existing literature does not engage adequately with intersubjective decision-making in PD
processes. In this paper, appropriation and re-imagination of the Nordic framework for Participatory
Participatory performance-based standards results in a novel multidimensional schema with five mutually design
Design: An related steps. Analysis indicates that the schema has a capacity for enhancing sebagai
Intersubjective Participator
intersubjectivity in PD decision-making while also rendering the process more malleable to skema Design
Schema for y Design
multiple viewpoints and their fusion into progressively definitive shared outcomes. In the intersubjektif
Decision Making conclusions, prospects for projective and reflective application of the schema explore its pengambilan
transformative capacity for professional and lay participants and its potential role in keputusan
Archnet-IJAR, Volume engendering critical design pedagogy.
10 - Issue 1 - March Keywords: Participatory Design; Sustainability; Public Space; Nordic Framework for
2016 Performance-based-Standards
54 Slums are considered as illegally occupied houses and creating a nuisance of environmental Studi
Ghada Ragheb, dkk
pollution and degradation of urban living conditions. The presence of slum as a part of urban komparasi
Land for Poor: habitat refers to a condition of defective physical, social and economic environment. During kondisi hidup
last two decades; migration from villages and small towns to metropolitan areas has antara dua Masterplan
Towards for slum
Sustainable increased. This leads to the degradation of urban environmental quality and sustainable daerah Design
Master Plan for development especially in the metropolitan cities. The problems faced by the people living in kumuh untuk nt
Sensitive the urban areas have become major concerns for the government. Slums are considered to be membuat
Redevelopment of the major issue within many urban areas; particularly problems related to transportation, masterplan
Slums population, health and safety. The Egyptian government has adopted a range of policies and yang
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Procedia - Social and

Behavioral Sciences
216 ( 2016 ) 417 legislation to slow or halt the growth of informal settlements, but successes in improving or sustainable
427 removing informal areas have been limited to specific communities and have done nothing to untuk
reduce the overall growth of informal areas. memperbaiki
The present study is for two slum areas. One is of Egypt (Ezbet Aljama, Alexandria) and the kualitas
other in India (Dharavi, Mumbai). Since all the slums are not lying at same level of hidup dan
infrastructural development, it is necessary to know about the basic services and facilities like kesehatan
drinking water, electricity, sanitation, education and health services etc between and within masyarakat
55 Stephen Dianga and This study seeks to identify and propose relevant elements and components of the built
Ambrose Adebayo environment of the informal settlements that need to be considered in intervention strategies
and design. The paper is based on empirical research that focuses on informal settlements in
Analysis of The Parameter
Nairobi with the objective of establishing parameters that adequately address the physical,
Built Environment yang
social and economic aspects of the dwellers, which are considered useful in the regularization
of Informal mewakili
of these settlements. The built environment provides the setting for human activity and
Settlements Using aspek fisik,
Environment-Behaviour Relations which deals with the relationship between people, society
Systems of sosial dan The built
and the built environment offers an appropriate framework of analysis for the derivation of
Settings and ekonomi environme Design,
useful design parameters for settlement improvement. With this intention, the paper is
Activities untuk nt, design regulation
composed of three main parts. In the first part, the concept of environment is related to
perbaikan parameters
systems of settings and the embedded systems of activities. The second part presents
systems of settings and activities in an informal settlement both at the neighborhood and
Archnet-IJAR, regularisasi
dwelling levels. Finally, the third part presents elements and components of the built
International Journal permukiman
environment that play dominant roles in informal settlements. According to the study,
of Architectural informal
systems of settings and activities offer a useful framework for the analysis of the built
Research (2011) environment and facilitate the identification of settlement characteristics that form important
design parameters in the improvement and regularization of informal settlements.
56 Mr. M. U. Deshmukh1 In present paper we tried to study the slum settlement, slum population & land ownership of Studi
and Dr. P. A. Khadke2 slums in the Nanded city. Slum dwellers live in the difficult social and economic conditions permukiman
that manifest in different forms of deprivation material, physical, social, and political in kumuh,
A Study Of Slums
Nanded city. The slum area does not have even the essential facilities; for example, health populasi dan
As Problem For
care, water supply, roads, disposition of wastages, etc. In comparison with the south part of status Slums As
Urban Growth Of
the city, the slums and the slum-dwellers are increasing in the north. Not only the slum kepemilikan Problem Evaluatio
Nanded City,
dwellers but also the number of slums is increasing in the city. In 1971 total population of lahan kumuh For Urban n
Nanded city were 126518 out of which Slum population were 20000 and in 2011 total terhadap Growth
population of city increases up to 719188 out of which Slum population is 279024. The slum masalah
2014 ISSR Journals - population accounts 15.80 percent of the city population in 1971 whereas it increases up to sosial dan
Article 38.79 in 2011. This shows that rapid increase in slum population in Nanded city and it creates ekonomi
many social and economical problems in Nanded city. kota
57 Helen Wei Zheng, Urban renewal and sustainable development are two popular issues in both policy agenda and Evaluasi
Geoffrey Qiping academia. Although their importance has been increasingly recognized, an integrated review studi
Shen, Hao Wang covering sustainability, planning, and urban renewal has yet to be produced. Based on 81 sustainability Sustainable
A review of recent journal papers, this paper presents a critical review of recent studies on sustainable urban urban- urban
studies on renewal over the period 1990-2012. The review focuses on the planning sub-system and the renewal renewal
sustainable urban social sub-system of urban renewal in terms of the evaluation of sustainability. The complexity melalui
renewal of achieving sustainable urban renewal is emphasized and discussed. To better clarify the perencanaan
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Habitat International
41 (2014) 272e279 mechanism behind the urban renewal process and improve urban sustainability, sub-system
recommendations of future research directions are also provided. dan social
58 Sylvia Croese, Liza
Rose Cirolia, Nick
The challenge of slums is a global challenge, but particularly acute in Sub-Saharan Africa
where in 2001 71.9% of the urban population lived in slums. This article reviews the housing
Towards Habitat
programmes of a selected number of African countries (Angola, Namibia, Ethiopia and South Review
III: Confronting
Africa) to argue that while until recently African shelter policies at least in name continued to Program
the disjuncture
be mostly in line with international enabling and participatory approaches to dealing with the Perumahan Housing
between global Evaluatio
challenge of slums, in practice mass scaled supply-driven approaches to housing provision are yang programme
policy n
on the rise. The article situates this practice historically and seeks to provide insight into some menjawab evaluation
and local practice
of the perceptions and factors that have underpinned and enabled its emergence. While challenge of
on Africa's
noting a number of shortcomings of this supply-driven approach, it concludes that with slum
challenge of
Habitat III on the horizon it is important to confront the disjuncture between global policy and
local practice in African cities.
Habitat International
53 (2016) 237e242
59 Sheena Asthana Evalusi
Integrated Slum Proyek
Improvement in A recognition of the complex mixture of factors affecting health and well-being in low-income Pengembang
Visakhapatnam, urban settlements has promoted growing support for integrated slum improvement policies. an
India This paper considers some of the key issues affecting project integration by examining the Masyarakat Integrated
activities of the Urban Community Development Project in Visakhapatnam. India. Linking the dalam slum Evaluatio
tensions that exist between hard developmental inputs such as upgraded housing and soft rangka improveme n
programmes relating to social development, to male leadership structures and the citys memajukan nt
Habitat International patron-clientalist network, two case studies are used to demonstrate how womens kawasan
Pergamon organisations may hold the key to successful and sustainable integrated slum improvement. kumuh
60 Vichai Viratkapan, Many slum relocation projects have been implemented in Bangkok during the last three
Ranjith Perera decades. Studies conducted on some of these projects have focused on the impacts of
resettlement on slum dwellers, while a few have focused on the process of slum relocation. Faktor yang
Slum relocation
This paper presents the findings of an empirical study on factors that influence the post- mempengar
projects in
relocation performance of such projects. The study reveals that there are a number of pre- uhi kinerja
Bangkok: what Slum Evaluatio
requisites for achieving success. These include factors external to the community such as the pasca-
has contributed to relocation n
location of the new settlement and award of compensation and factors internal to the relokasi
their success or
community such as unity, availability of strong leadership, active participation and positive permukiman
attitude of community members. The study finds that slum relocation projects require kumuh
Habitat International specialized activities in the consolidation stage, in order to sustain the momentum generated
30 (2006) 157174 at the eviction and transition stage of the projects.
61 Sean Fox
The Political Over 800 million people in Africa, Asia, and Latin America live in slums. Why? I argue that Permukiman
Economy of slums are a result of disjointed modernization and show that 70% of cross-country variation kumuh
Slums: Theory and in slum incidence is explained by demographic, economic, and institutional factors. I trace the adalah What
Evidence from origins of disjointed modernization in sub-Saharan Africa back to the colonial period and show akibat dari caused
Sub-Saharan that colonial era investments and institutions are reflected in contemporary variation in slum disjointed slums
Africa incidence. I argue that status quo interests and the rise of an anti-urbanization bias in modernizatio
World Development development discourse have inhibited investment and reform in the postcolonial era. n
Vol. 54, pp. 191203,
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62 One largely unstudied benefit of relocating families from slums to public housing is the
Soledad Burgos, dkk potential improvement in indoor air quality (IAQ). We compared families that moved from
slums to public housing with those that remained living in slums in Santiago, Chile in terms of
Changes to indoor
fine particulate matter (PM2.5) as main indicator of change. A cross-sectional study of 98 Perubahan
air quality as a
relocated families and 71 still living in slums was carried out, obtaining indoor and outdoor kualitas
result of
samples by a Personal Environmental Monitor. Home characteristics, including indoor air udara dalam
relocating families Air quality
pollution sources were collected through questionnaires. Multivariate regression models ruangan
from improveme
included the intervention (public housing or slum), indoor pollution sources, outdoor PM2.5 sebagai hasil
slums to public nt as result Evaluatio
and family characteristics as predictors. Indoor PM2.5 concentrations were higher in slums dari relokasi
housing of n
(77.8 mg m3 [SD 35.7 mg m3]) than in public housing (55.7 mg m3 [SD 34.6 mg m3], p penghuni
< 0.001). Differences between indoor and outdoor PM2.5 were significant only in the slum permukiman
houses. The multivariate analysis showed that housing intervention significantly decreased kumuh ke
Atmospheric indoor PM2.5 (10.4 mg m3) after adjusting by the other predictors. Outdoor PM2.5 was the public
Environment 70 main predictor of indoor PM2.5. Other significant factors were water heating fuels and indoor housing
(2013) 179e185 smoking. Having infants 123 months was associated with a lowering of indoor PM2.5. Our
results suggest that a public housing program that moves families from slums to public
housing improves indoor air quality directly and also indirectly through air pollution sources.
63 Anupama Nallari Fasilitas
The Meaning, Housing and basic services in urban poor settlements have been the focus of bi-lateral
Experience, and agencies, national governments as well as NGOs and CBOs. However, little attention has been
Value of 'Common paid to understanding the value of common spaces in these settlements, or in the planning
Space for Women and design of common spaces in upgraded or redeveloped settlements. Common spaces Value
and Children in include communal areas like childcare and play facilities, religious and cultural common
ke bawah Facility
Urban Poor establishments, shops, physical infrastructure like roads and sanitation, and informal spaces space bagi
Settlements in like courtyards, steps, lanes, and corridors where women perform daily chores and interact ibu dan anak
India. and children play. This dissertation focuses on understanding the significance that families,
Disertation The City particularly women and children, living in poor urban communities in India give to common
University of New York space in their settlements
64 Siti Sujatini, dkk
Temporary Public An increase in population and building density in the capital city of Jakarta has led to an tentang
Open Space as a increase in the complexity of the problems if Jakarta. Limited and high prices of land have led ruang publik
Spatial Product on to the needs of neglected public open space. Public open space at the Kampong of the city sementara di
Social Life of City has a temporary function. The temporary public open space as the Third-space is the result of Kampung Temporary
Kampong spatial products from the residents activities. Methods used in this research are literature Kota public Facility
Community, study and journals review. Data collection used qualitative approach method, i.e. descriptive (terhadap open space
Jakarta and empirical assessment on the phenomenon of temporary public open space. The results of variabel
IACSIT International the study concluded that the variables of time and community behaviour have some effect on waktu dan
Journal of temporary public open space in kampong of the city of Jakarta. perilaku
Engineering and masyarakat)
Technology (2015)
65 Juarni Anita Muara Angke is a delta in North Jakarta surrounded by Teluk Jakarta in the north, Asin River in Kendala dan Green Facility
the east, and Adam River in the west. It was built on July, 1977 by government of DKI Jakarta upaya dalam space in
Constraints to
to accommodate the fishers located in North Jakarta. There are some blocks of housing for meningkatka the
greening the
fishermen where building coverage ratio of the houses was initially 35-53%, now it has n kesadaran settlement
environtment in
become 100%. The changes are due to the residents elevated their houses to avoid flooding pentingnya
Muara Angke
and expanded them to add rooms as needed. The impact caused the houses no longer have a ruang hijau
yard in front of the house for planting trees, so there aren't shade trees on the roadside, and di
settlement, North
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the result the ambient temperature is quiet hot in Muara Angke. permukiman
This research was conducted with qualitative method to collect data through observation on
Procedia - Social and the methods used by residents to green house, and interview with community leaders about
Behavioral Sciences efforts to raise awareness on the importance of green space in the settlement. The result of
- Elsevier (2015) this study shows that educational activities in the community have constrains such as the
absence of experts to educate the residents, the plant is difficult to grow because several
times flooded, income is limited, the supply of water for watering plants is limited, the road is
66 Richard Tomlinson
Scalable It is projected that there will be two billion slum dwellers in 2030. Best practice, market-led
community-led strategies of slum upgrading are failing to stem the growth of slums. The Indian Alliance has
slum upgrading: Perbaikan
formulated a community-led Federation Model of slum upgrading that has underlain the
The Indian sanitasi
delivery at scale of community toilet blocks in Pune and Mumbai. Issues pertaining to
Alliance and permukiman
sanitation are especially pernicious in the high density slums. This paper identifies the Slum
community toilet kumuh Facility
circumstances that have made delivery at scale possible with a view to determining whether upgrading
blocks in Pune melalui
the Federation Model is scalable in different cities and contexts. It was found that overlapping
and Mumbai pengiriman
champions comprising organized communities, NGOs and municipal leaders enhance the
Habitat International toilet blocks
ability to scale up in any one location and that without overlapping champions replicability at scale will be diminished.
67 M.A.C. Schouten, Despite the prominence of communal practices as a last resort for any decent way of
R.W. Mathenge sanitation in slum areas, its application and use is flagrantly ignored. This paper provides
insight in the appropriateness of communal sanitation facilities for slum conditions. Recent Kesesuaian
Communal scholarly investigations in developing countries provide theoretical and empirical evidence of ekspektasi
sanitation a divergence between the expectations from the users of sanitation facilities, and the dan
alternatives for expectations from other stakeholders. This paper presents the results from a case study in the penggunaan
slums: A case Kibera slum attached to Nairobi, which is one of the largest African slums. A series of fasilitas
sanitation Facility
study of Kibera, interviews with government agencies, Non-Governmental Organisations and Community sanitasi
for slums
Kenya Building Organisations was carried out. In addition, a survey was conducted of 76 users of komunal
different sanitation facilities. The research culminates in a series of concerns on financial, untuk
Physics and technological, situational and participatory dimensions. The main conclusion is a firm permukiman
Chemistry of the confirmation that communal sanitation are indeed the only viable alternative for slums, and kumuh
Earth 35 (2010) therefore, the results of the research advocate a serious recognition of the use and
815822 appropriateness of communal sanitation for slum dwellers.
68 Jaime Hernandez Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the contribution of informal settlements to Hubungan Kebijakan Regulatio
Garcia a tourism strategy and to city branding. It takes the case of Medellin, Colombia, which in antara social n
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

recent years has developed several projects in their barrios using a policy called: social
Slum tourism, city Design/methodology/approach The paper is based on a case study, that of social
branding and kebijakan
urbanism in Medellin, and the relationship with what is called slum tourism and city branding.
social urbanism: social
After a brief theoretical exploration about informal settlements in Latin America, slum tourism
the case of urbanism,
and city branding; the paper presents the urban and social transformation of Medellins
Medellin, permukiman
dangerous and stigmatized barrios with the social urbanism policy. Then the relationship
Colombia informal dan
between social urbanism, informal settlements and city branding is discussed. urbanism
city branding
Findings Medellin, perhaps without noticing or anticipating, has found a role for informal
settlements in branding the city, and promoting tourism to those areas. With social
urbanism, it is also helping to build an image of the city more authentic and distinguishable
Journal of Place from other cities in Colombia and Latin America.
Management and Originality/value The paper explores two themes that are considered nearly opposite:
Development Vol. 6 informal settlements and city branding. It discusses how a city in Colombia might have found
No. 1, 2013 pp. 43- a way to link them together with interesting results.
Alper nl Today central neighborhoods of Istanbul like other cities of Turkey has entered a critical stage
in urban preservation and urban regeneration issues. This discussion rather than being an
academic argument, it exposes many contradictions about the real life especially in central
neighborhoods. The reason for being dilemma for these settings,first, these neighborhoods are
typical dilapidated historical environment and they may need urgent decisions for
Urban preservation and conservation, second , "the urban transformation law" that we faced for
Regeneration, historical environments which is passed from the Turkish Parliament in 2006,coded as 5366. Kontradiksi
Renewal or This paper elaborates two set of aspects about the real situation of central neighborhoods. tentang
Rehabilitation First set is based on the physical and social aspects of the historical environment before the kebobrokan
What For and For urban regeneration project, the second set of aspects will be related to the aspects of the lingkungan
Whom ? implementation of the project. The aspects in general sense present insufficiencies in physical dan mencari
and social contexts. These aspects can also be observed in central neighborhoods of Istanbul, kemungkina
like Tarlabasi, Fener, Balat and Zeyrek . The realities which we observed in these n Regulatio
neighborhoods force us to conclude that we should rapidly regenerate these neighborhoods kemunculan n
n law
that they perceived as the edge of the threshold of "ghetto". undang-
The paper presents contradictions about the aspects of the dilapidated environment, and it undang baru
also predicts possible aspects in new urban regeneration projects that they might be emerged dalam
after application of the new law. The insufficiencies stated in new projects bring out a classical rangka
question "does the law coded 5366 efficiently change or regenerate the dilapidated central regenerasi
Open house neighborhoods?". Will we have better living conditions in central neighborhoods after the perkotaan
international Vol 35, implementation of the law coded 5366 ?
No.4, December The paper ends with the discussion on complicated aspects of the central neighborhoods
2010 regarding the issues of new living conditions, the implementation of new law and monetary
based opportunities for new land or property developers. The paper draws the attention to
unseen qualities of the central neighborhoods and it evaluates ongoing manipulations and
legal implementations for building blocks based on short term speculations.

70 Ayyoob Sharifi, dkk The rate of urbanization in Laos has increased significantly since the country began its Efektivitas Manageme Regulatio
transition to a market economy in 1986. Although urbanization in developing countries has penggunaan nt tool to n
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

been examined extensively in the literature, very few researchers have focused on Laos. Our
Can master main aim here was to examine the effectiveness of utilizing the master plan as a management
planning control tool to regulate urban growth in Vientiane,the capital city of Laos. We used a mixed-methods
and regulate approach to address the research objective. First, we examined the population changes since
urban growth in 1985. Next, land-use and land-cover changes were detected by analyzing the satellite images
Vientiane, Laos? from three different time periods. Then, we analyzed the citys recently approved master plan masterplan
to determine whether it can regulate urban growth. Finally, to investigate the socio-economic sebagai alat
and institutional issues and better understand the reasons for rapid land-use and land-cover manajemen
changes, we interviewed several key figures from the departments related to urban laju
management and anumber of residents living in the peri-urban area. Between 1995 and 2011, pertumbuha
the urban population in thestudy area increased from 337,000 to 780,000. In the same time n kota
Elsevier B.V. (2014) period, the built-up area increased fromapproximately 154 km 2 to more than 206 km2. The
total area of the forests decreased from approximately2354 km2 to approximately 1353 km2.
The results indicate that there is an urgent need for improvementsin the regulatory and
management aspects and that the master plan should be revised to provide a morerealistic
account of the existing situation.
71 Adrian Guillermo
Aguilar, Clemencia The aim of this article is to analyze the effectiveness of land-use policy in Mexico City in
Santos controlling the expansion of informal human settlements in peri-urban zones of high ecological
Informal value. It is argued that Mexico Citys land-use policy has been reactive and internally
settlements inconsistent, failing to take informal settlements into account, has not offered the poor access
penggunaan Land-use
needs and to housing with adequate services and greater security in terms of land tenure, and lacks the
lahan policy,
environmental necessary financial resources and institutional capabilities for providing solutions to these Regulatio
terhadap Urban
conservation in problems. Through a case study of informal settlement management policy in the Tlalpan n
nilai ekologi sustainabili
Mexico City: Delegation,1. applied in what has been termed SC or Conservation Land,2. we conclude that
(urban ty
An unsolved local government exhibits an inability to confront the new challenge of urban sustainability,
challenge for that it resorts to conventional solutions which give rise to contradictory situations where
land-use policy political decisionmaking prevails over ecological considerations, so land-use policy is
permissive and does not halt informal urban expansion in areas of high environmental value.
Elsevier Ltd. (2010)
72 Shayer Ghafur This paper investigates how urban poor households claim the benefits of urban local
Entitlement to interventions in order to improve their livelihoods and living environments in a given social Cara
Patronage: social setting. The objective is to explore the role of social factors in establishing household claims masyarakat
construction of on urban local intervention in Bangladesh. This paper argues that due to key institutional melakukan Slum
household constraints in local government i.e. lack of finance and an unrealistic set of functions, poor claim improveme
claims on Slum households maintain a dependent relationship with local government in their claims on urban terhadap nt based Regulatio
Improvement services. In addition, the nature of their claims is socially constructed and refers to their de pemerintah on n
Project, facto entitlements. The nature of their dependence on local government, in expecting dalam tujuan household
Bangladesh entitlements, is hierarchical and historically specific arising from the social formation of upgrading claim
Bangladesh. kawasan
Habitat International mereka
24 (2000) 261}278 Keywords: Urban poor communities; Entitlements; Patronage; Bangladesh
73 Since the early days of the self-help construction school that gave a definite switch to the Kebijakan Urban Regulatio
Paul van Lindert urban housing debate in Latin America, the urban development discourse has shown some perkotaan developme n
marked variations. Major multilateral agencies e especially the World Bank, UNCHS (UN- untuk nt policies
Rethinking urban
Habitat) and UNDP e played a key role in the evolution of this discourse. These institutions praktek
development in
have also dominated the normative agendas that have brought about some definite shifts in perencanaan
Latin America: A
urban policies and planning practices. Allowing for the differences between these international kota
review of
agencies' discourses, consensus was reached on the desired enabling roles of national and
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

paradigms and
Habitat International local governments. This article systematizes the switches in paradigms, central concepts, and
xxx (2015) 1e12 planning approaches as witnessed by experience in the cities of Latin America over the past
four decades.
74 Emma Porio, A restrictive formal property rights and tenure system leaves many urban poor households in
Christine Crisol Metro Manila without security of tenure. The meaning and consequences of tenure vary by
Property rights, tenure status and contextual characteristics of the urban poor settlements. Although security
security of tenure of tenure is equated with ownership and formal titles of house plots, those without tenure
and the urban perceived law and order, basic services and job opportunities in the settlement to be more
poor in Metro important elements of security. Different sub-groups of the urban poor also perceive and Land-use Regulatio
Manila respond differently to tenure security issues. Innovative housing programmes had a limited policy n
impact in providing security of tenure because of their orientation towards ownership and
tanah dan
mortgage recovery. To improve security of tenure, the study recommends utilising
Habitat International sewa hunian
intermediate instruments of tenure such as land proclamations and occupancy leases. Tenure
28 (2004) 203219 assistance programmes should also be oriented towards poverty reduction rather than simply
housing or plot ownership.
75 The urbanization process in Mumbai is closely integrated with housing crisis and informality in
Ronita Bardhan a, settlement growth. Slums have emerged as a significant settlement form, catering to the
Sayantani Sarkar a, housing demand of a large section of the population of Mumbai, primarily for the urban poor.
Arnab Jana a, *, Statistics show that nearly half of the Mumbai population lives in slum areas which in turn
Nagendra R. Velaga spatially occupy a very small portion of the city.
Since 1947 (i.e., after independence), a range of policies related to housing and slums have
Mumbai slums been implemented at various points of time in the city planning framework. However, the Keberhasilan
since housing crisis situation has worsened over time and resulted in further slum growth. In the implementas
independence: past, research has concentrated on spatio-temporal identification and spread of slums. i kebijakan
Evaluating the However, the policy impacts on reduction of slums is relatively a less touched area, especially perumahan Regulatio
and land-
policy outcomes in developing cities like Mumbai. In this study, authors argue that the housing and land dan lahan n
use policy
policies implemented in Mumbai to solve the problem of slums have actually provided the (metode
momentum to the undercurrents that fuel further proliferation of informality. The paper sebab-
analyses these policies chronologically and focuses on the persuasive top down approach of akibat)
policy implementation. Using the framework of bounded rationality, authors develop a cause-
Habitat International
effect model to identify the impact of ten major housing and land policies implemented since
50 (2015) 1e11
independence. Further, a gap coherence analysis revealed the lack of participation of direct
stakeholders (i.e., the slum dwellers). The study proposes participatory approach as an
alternative to the current policy frameworks. Internalizing the strengths of the actual users in
the policy framework may unlock the opportunities for the success of the policies.
76 Over the past few decades, Asia's urbanization has been driven by rapid economic growth,
Kioe Sheng Yap
while also making economic growth possible. These developments have allowed millions of Strategi
The enabling people to escape income poverty and led to the emergence of an expanding middle class. Its terhadap
strategy and its ambition for home ownership and its paying capacity, reinforced by a vibrant housing finance letidakpuasa
income Regulatio
discontent: Low- sector and supported by enabling housing policies, have motivated private-sector real estate n kebijakan
housing n
income housing developers to supply housing affordable for large sections of the urban population. This has dari praktek
policies improved housing conditions in urban areas. However, like elsewhere, free-market economic rumah
and practices in policies have also resulted in growing income and access inequalities between those with the murah
Asia entrepreneurial spirit, knowledge and skills to seize new economic opportunities, and those
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

Habitat International
54 (2016) 166e172 who, for various reasons, have not been able to do so. So, despite economic growth, the
demand for informal housing has not declined. At the same time, globalization and foreign
direct investments have increased development pressure on urban land, as investors see real
estate as a safe investment.
The housing problems of the urban low-income population cannot be solved unless the urban
poor have access to urban land, but this requires urban planning and government intervention
77 in the
This urban
paper landat
looks market. Most governments
the concept are unwilling
of law and urban to dowith
development this,aas it runs
focus counter to
on property their
Alison Brown and land, exploring the potential collective rights in the public domain to underpin a more
equitable approach to the management of public space and challenge inappropriate
Claiming the regulation that criminalizes the lives of the poor. The focus is on street trade and the informal
Streets: Property economy. The hypotheses are that: collective use rights extend to public land and are crucial
Rights and Legal to the livelihoods of the urban poor; such use provides public good as well as private profit,
Empowerment Hak properti
and legal traditions in sub-Saharan Africa can often accommodate the broad definition of
in the Urban dan tanah
rights entailed. The literature review interrogates debates on property rights, legal
Informal Economy dalam
empowerment, and public space, to suggest that urban public space should be considered as Propery
a common resource where open access remains. Fieldwork draws on comparative studies of rights on
pengelolaan Regulatio
Dakar, Senegal, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, based on in-depth interviews with street traders public
ruang publik n
and key informants, and a legal review in each city. The findings suggest very different spaces for
World Development trajectories in each city. In Dakar collective action with political support has created space for urban-poor
tempat mata
Vol. 76, pp. 238248, dialog, while in Dar es Salaam lack of solidarity among traders meant that evictions were
2015 uncontested. In both cities the balance between public and private gain was moderated
0305-750X/2015 through complex social processes to create the hybrid space of the street, defined here as a
Published by collective pool resource. Finally the paper explores bundles of rights that might include
Elsevier Ltd. access and beneficial use but with collective management to establish such a collective pool
resource. Thus the paper challenges the usual conception of the public domain as state land,
to recognize the collective claim for the street that is core to the operation of urban informal
Fengkai Zhu*,
Fengrong Zhang, Diversity, complexity and change have become the hallmarks of contemporary Chinese rural
Can Li, Taifeng Zhu settlements. However, the literature so far has paid insufficient attention to this phenomenon Transisi
Functional from the standpoint of functional transition and related land-use change. To fill in this gap, this fungsional
transition of the paper explores the functional transition of rural settlement through analyzing land-use pemukiman
rural settlement: differentiation in a transect of Beijing. Land-use changes are presented along the melalui
Analysis of land- differentiation of land-use structure and use change of rural housing. The results indicate that analisis
analysis on Regulatio
use there is an obvious differentiation of land-use structure from near-urban countryside to the penggunaan
fuctional n
differentiation in a rural hinterland. Besides that, the use change of rural housing also has regional haracteristics. lahan
transect of They are different responses to the urban sprawl, respectively from the collective economic (peningkatan
Beijing, China organization and single rural resident. The regional differentiation implies a functional fungsi
transition in some rural settlements, including increases of non-agricultural function and urban layanan
servicing function. Quantitative evaluation of the functional intensity and its rules on perkotaan)
Habitat International
spatialetemporal evolution still need to be approached in the future.
41 (2014) 262e271
Tugas 1.1. Riset Tematik - Stirena Rossy Tamariska (25216001)

79 Jaap Zevenbergena,
The global land community has accepted that individual land titling on its own cannot deliver
security of tenure in a complete or timely fashion, and that a continuum of land rights
Augustinusb, Danilo
approach needs to be used. This approach needs to be accompanied by new and innovative
Antoniob, Rohan
pro-poor forms of land recordation to cater for these new forms of tenure. The proposed
design draws on conventional land administration systems and the experiences of
Pro-poor land professionals, civil society and researchers regarding the land tenure systems of the poor and
administration: Kebijakan
how they work in customary, informal, and post crisis areas. It is based on eight general
Principles for administrasi Land
design requirements, including delivery of preventive justice and co-management Regulatio
recording the land pertanahan administrati
arrangements. The design is made up of ten interlinked elements, with an emphasis on a n
rights of the yang pro- on
continuum of land recording. The design is only a first step toward a coherent robust
underrepresented miskin
framework. Some first experiences are reported, however, further suggested work includes:
dissemination and awareness raising; further piloting; incorporation of institutional and
political economy analysis; tailoring methods of implementation; and investigating
Land Use Policy 31 approaches for funding, training, and material resources. Ultimately the pro-poor land
(2013) 595 604 recordation system should bring tenure security to the poor at faster rates and lower costs,
and should thus enable a foothold on the lower rungs of the property ladder.

80 This paper explores the housing challenges that Rio de Janeiro faces, which is specifically
Kenan Handzic Strategi
manifested in the form of favelas or squatter settlements, and that municipalitys strategies to
Is legalized land overcome these challenges. The Favela Bairro slum upgrading program (FBP), which seeks to
tenure necessary transform favelas into formal neighbourhoods, is seen as a complex and appropriate solution Slum
in slum to Rios housing woes. The paper specifically focuses on land tenure challenges in Rio and the upgrading
permukiman Regulatio
upgrading? way the FBP dealt with this issue. The FBP is noteworthy as an example of slum upgrading using land
kumuh n
Learning from without full land tenure legalization and for its use of state of exception, primarily the tenure
Rios land tenure concession of right to use but not full ownership of land in order to allow this program to take policies
policies in the place. This placed greater emphasis on infrastructural and living condition improvement
Favela Bairro rather than legalization of land tenure. As a result, the implementation of FBP has had the
Program effect of increasing the security of tenure of favela residents.

Habitat International
34 (2010) 1117