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Programmable DC Electronic Load [Type the document title]

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Sl.No Page No.
1.Abstract.....................................2

2.Problem Statement and Objective.3

3.Literature Survey ......4

4.Block Diagram5

5.Methodology6

6.Project Schedule..7

7.Reference.8

1.Abstract
Dept. Of Power Electronic RVCE 2016-17 Page 1
Programmable DC Electronic Load [Type the document title]

Power Management block is an inevitable section in any electronic system. The purpose of this
section is to manage power requirement of various sub sections (Load) by providing required
voltage and current in an optimal form. In a SSD (Solid State Drive) components like DRAM,
Flash memory, Controller etc. requires specific voltage and current to operate. Hence for the
proper operation of the device ,prescribed voltage and current has to be maintained by the Power
management IC's, with disturbances within the tolerance level .

Precision of these PMIC's(Power Management IC's) is a cause of concern as it dictates the


performance of entire device. Proper testing and validation of PMIC's is essential to decide the
performance of the device.

DC electronic load can be used with programmability feature to emulate the characteristics of
various loads in a SSD(Solid State Drive).

The Objective of this project is to design and Develop a Programmable DC electronic load which
is operated as Constant current Sink and emulates the characteristics of SSD (Solid State Drive)
load such as Voltage rating ,current rating, Slew Rate etc.

Hence the programmable DC electronic load can be used to test Voltage Regulators in a PMIC
for the proper functioning before introducing it to the actual load.

2.Problem Statement

Dept. Of Power Electronic RVCE 2016-17 Page 2


Programmable DC Electronic Load [Type the document title]

To Design and Develop a DC Electronic load to test on board Power management ICs like
Synchronous Buck converter LDOs and other DC-DC converter with the following electrical
Characteristics. Since the existing DC loads are limited by their slew rate and Cost ,Customized
DC electronic requirement will be fulfilled by this project.
Voltage rating ~4V

Current rating ~8A

Slew Rate ~30A/uS

Multichannel

Steady state and transient mode of operation.

Since any high speed electronic board contains many DC-DC voltage regulators, Each regulators
need to be tested Simultaneously, therefore this load will of significant advantage.

Only CC mode with steady state and transient Mode of operation is required in the testing of
voltage regulators.

The objective of this Project is to build an DC electronic Load which can sink current at slew
rate greater than 30A/uS and having Voltage rating of 4V and Current rating of 8A.The module
should support both transient and steady mode .

In transient mode the current drawn by the load is pulsating (square wave of frequency 10Khz)
and in Steady state mode it is constant DC current of programmed value.

3.Literature Survey

Dept. Of Power Electronic RVCE 2016-17 Page 3


Programmable DC Electronic Load [Type the document title]

4.BLOCK DIAGARAM

Dept. Of Power Electronic RVCE 2016-17 Page 4


Programmable DC Electronic Load [Type the document title]

5.METHODOLOGY

The Following is the list which describes methodology that is going to be used to complete the
project

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Programmable DC Electronic Load [Type the document title]

Literature Survey and studying Previous Design.

Taking up Base Circuit and Simulation of the same using LTSpice and TINA software.

Proof of Concept using Strip Board/Breadboard .

Schematic Finalization and Drawing using OrCAD

PCB design and Thermal Simulation

Testing and Debugging

In literature survey the previously available DC loads are studied ,compared and their
advantages and drawbacks are listed down and work had been done on improving the
shortcomings of available design.

With the available design and add-ons the simulation is carried out to check the correctness of
the circuit .Once the simulation is found satisfactory and with further corrections the hardware
design is done with the help of breadboard/Strip board.
After breadboard testing the schematic of the design is finalized and PCB layout is done.
Thermal Simulation is an important step in this design because the device has stringent thermal
behavior.

6.Project Schedule

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Programmable DC Electronic Load [Type the document title]

7.References

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Programmable DC Electronic Load [Type the document title]

Power MOSFET is the heart of Programmable DC Electronic load .To Study about the Power
MOSFET the following books are referred.

[1 ]. I. Batarseh, The power MOSFET, in Power Electronics Handbook (Second Edition) (M.
H. Rashid, ed.), pp. 4169, Elsevier Inc, 2007

[ 2]. J. Korec, Low Voltage Power MOSFETs: Design Performance and Application, Germany,
Berlin:Springer, 2011.

[3]. Next Generation of Power MOSFETs, Jacek Korec and Shuming

Xu, Power Electronics Europe, May 2009: http://www.powermag.com/pdf/issuearchive/29.pdf.

Already Existing DC loads are studied to understand and compare the features and drawbacks of
them. Some of them are listed below

[4].Kikusui DC electronic load.PLZ-4W Series Multifunctional DC Electronic Load


(CC/CV/CR/CP/Zero volt input)

[5]. Programmable DC electronic load, model 6310A series. Chroma ATE INC, 2000.

Application Notes ,Technical articles ,journals etc from renowned Companies like Texas
Instruments, Analog Devices ,NXP semiconductors etc. are also used to obtain deeper
understanding in the components that are going to be used.

[6].R. Mancini, Op-amp stability and input capacitance. Texas Instruments, 2004

[7].J. Williams, A closed-loop wideband 100 A active load. Linear Technology, October 2011.

[8].Audio and waveform generation using the DAC in STM32 microcontroller families.
STMicroelectronics, May 2010.

[9].STMicroelectronics, STM32F105xx/STM32F107xx Datasheet, August 2011

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