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# LAB 1

PROCEDURE
1. The following control loop is prepared.

5
2. Process transfer function = 2
S +10 S
Process set point = 1
3. PID controllers parameters are: P = 0.05, I = 0.01 and D = 0.
4. Simulation parameters is set to 600.
5. The simulation is run.
6. PV vs time is plotted.
>> plot(time,PV)
7. A second set of PIDs value is run . P2 = , I2 = 0.01 , D2 = 0
8. Plot the second process response.
>> figure(2), plot(time,PV)
9. A third set of PIDs value is run . P3 = , I3 = 0.01 , D3 = 0
10. Plot the second process response.
>> figure(3), plot(time,PV)
11. Response of figure(2) and figure(3) into figure(1) are combined.
RESULTS

Figure 1
DISCUSSION

In the Figure 1 above shows 3 different graph plotted in order to observe the
oscillations of each graph plotted. In order to plot 3 different graph some parameters value
must be change and for lab 1 the Proportional (P) value is being change. The Proportional (P)
value that being insert in this lab 1 is 0.05, 0.07, and 0.09. Based on the graph, it can be
concluded that the low proportional value will lead the system to become unstable and
oscillate more to be compared with the graph with proportional value 0.07 and 0.09. The
proportionality is given by controller gain. For a given change in time, the amount of output
process value (PV) will be determined by the controller gain. It can be concluded if the value
of P is low, the graph will oscillate less.
LAB 2

PROCEDURE
1. The following control loop is prepared.

5
2. Process transfer function = 2
S +10 S
Process set point = 1
3. PID controllers parameters are: P = 0.05, I = 0.01 and D = 0.
4. Simulation parameters is set to 600.
5. The simulation is run.
6. PV vs time is plotted.
>> plot(time,PV)
7. A second set of PIDs value is run . P2 =0.05 , I2 = , D2 = 0
8. Plot the second process response.
>> figure(2), plot(time,PV)
9. A third set of PIDs value is run . P3 =0.05 , I3 = , D3 = 0
10. Plot the second process response.
>> figure(3), plot(time,PV)
11. Response of figure(2) and figure(3) into figure(1) are combined.

RESULTS
Figure 2
DISCUSSION

For the second lab it is conducted in order to find the effect of integral time. The
larger value of integral time, the more oscillates of the graph obtained. Based on observation
of the graph, there are more oscillations for integral time, I=0.03 to be compare with I=0.01
and I=0.02. Thus, the integration will take part until the area under the curve becomes zero. If
there is decreasing in I, it will result in instability system. From the graph, it can be
concluded that the increasing value of I will lead the graph to more oscillations and the best
graph can be achieve if one of the graph value is nearest to the set point.
LAB 3

PROCEDURE
1. The following control loop is prepared.

5
2. Process transfer function = 2
S +10 S
Process set point = 1
3. PID controllers parameters are: P = 0.05, I = 0.01 and D = 0.
4. Simulation parameters is set to 600.
5. The simulation is run.
6. PV vs time is plotted.
>> plot(time,PV)
7. A second set of PIDs value is run . P2 =0.05 , I2 = 0.01, D2 =
8. Plot the second process response.
>> figure(2), plot(time,PV)
9. A third set of PIDs value is run . P3 =0.05 , I3 = 0.01 , D3 =
10. Plot the second process response.
>> figure(3), plot(time,PV)
11. Response of figure(2) and figure(3) into figure(1) are combined.

RESULTS
Figure 3
DISCUSSION

In the Figure 3 above shows 3 different graph plotted in order to observe the
oscillations of each graph plotted. In order to plot 3 different graph some parameters value
must be change and for lab 3 the Derivatives (D) value is being change. The Derivatives (D)
value that being insert in this lab 3 is 0, 2, and 4. Based on the graph, it can be concluded that
the low derivatives value will lead the system to become unstable and oscillate more to be
compared with the graph with derivatives value 2 and 4. The proportionality is given by
controller gain. For a given change in time, the amount of output process value (PV) will be
determined by the controller gain. It is the best controller gain if the peak of the graph reaches
the set point. It can be concluded that if the value of derivatives lower the graph will oscillate
more.
LAB 4

PROCEDURE
1. The following control loop is prepared.

5
2. Process transfer function = 2
S +10 S
Process set point = 1
3. PID controllers parameters are: P = 0.05, I = 0.01 and D = 0.
4. Simulation parameters is set to 600.
5. The simulation is run.
6. PV vs time is plotted.
>> plot(time,PV)
7. A second set of Time Delay = 7 is run.
8. Plot the second process response.
>> figure(2), plot(time,PV)
9. A third set of Time Delay = 9 is run.
10. Plot the second process response.
>> figure(3), plot(time,PV)
11. Response of figure(2) and figure(3) into figure(1) are combined.

RESULTS
Figure 4
DISCUSSION

In the Figure 4 above shows 3 different graph plotted in order to observe the
oscillations of each graph plotted. In order to plot 3 different graph some parameters value
must be change and for lab 4 the transport delay is being added to the system. The transport
delay is used to set the time delay for the system to run so for this lab 4 the time delay is the
parameter that being changed. The value of time delay that used for this lab is 5, 7, and 9.
Based on the graph, it can be concluded that the lower the value of time delay the more stable
the more stable the graph. The higher value of time delay will cause the system to become
unstable and oscillate more to be compared with the graph with time delay 5 and 7.