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2022

INSTALLATION OF STATIONARY PUMPS FOR FIRE PROTECTION

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7.6.2 Maintenance.

7.6.2.1 The manufacturer’s instructions shall be carefully fol-

lowed in making repairs and dismantling and reassembling pumps.

7.6.2.2 When spare or replacement parts are ordered, the

pump serial number stamped on the nameplate fastened to the pump head shall be included in order to make sure the proper parts are provided.

7.6.2.3 Ample head room and access for removal of the

pump shall be maintained.

8.2.2* Net Positive Suction Head. Net positive suction head (NPSH) shall exceed the pump manufacturer’s required NPSH plus 1.52 m (5 ft) of liquid.

8.2.3 Seal Materials. Seal materials shall be compatible with

the foam concentrate or additive.

8.2.4 Dry Run. Foam concentrate pumps shall be capable of

dry running for 10 minutes without damage.

8.2.5* Minimum Flow Rates. Pumps shall have foam concen- trate flow rates to meet the maximum foam flow demand for their intended service.

8.2.6* Discharge Pressure. The discharge pressure of the pump shall exceed the maximum water pressure under any operating condition at the point of foam concentrate injection.

8.3 Water Mist System Pumps.

8.3.1* Positive displacement pumps for water shall have ad- equate capacities to meet the maximum system demand for their intended service.

8.3.2 NPSH shall exceed the pump manufacturer’s required

NPSH plus 1.52 m (5 ft) of liquid.

8.3.3 The inlet pressure to the pump shall not exceed the pump

manufacturer’s recommended maximum inlet pressure.

8.3.4 When the pump output has the potential to exceed the

system flow requirements, a means to relieve the excess flow such as an unloader valve or orifice shall be provided.

8.3.5 Where the pump is equipped with an unloader valve, it

shall be in addition to the safety relief valve as outlined in 8.4.2.

8.4

8.4.1 Gauges. A compound suction gauge and a discharge

pressure gauge shall be furnished.

8.4.2* General Information for Relief Valves.

8.4.2.1 All pumps shall be equipped with a listed safety relief

valve capable of relieving 100 percent of the pump capacity.

8.4.2.2 The pressure relief valve shall be set at or below the

lowest rated pressure of any component.

8.4.2.3 The relief valve shall be installed on the pump dis-

charge to prevent damage to the fire protection system.

Chapter 8

Positive Displacement Pumps

8.1* General.

8.1.1 Types. Positive displacement pumps shall be as defined

in 3.3.30.12.

8.1.2* Suitability.

8.1.2.1 The positive displacement–type pump shall be listed

for the intended application.

8.1.2.2* The listing shall verify the characteristic performance curves for a given pump model.

8.1.3 Application.

8.1.3.1 Positive displacement pumps are used for pumping

water, foam concentrates, or additives.

8.1.3.2 The liquid viscosity will affect pump selection.

8.1.4 Pump Seals.

8.1.4.1 The seal type acceptable for positive displacement

pumps shall be either mechanical or lip seal.

8.1.4.2 Packing shall not be used.

8.1.5* Pump Materials. Materials used in pump construction shall be selected based on the corrosion potential of the envi- ronment, fluids used, and operational conditions. (See 3.3.6 for corrosion-resistant materials.)

8.1.6 Dump Valve.

8.1.6.1

systems to allow the positive displacement pump to bleed off excess pressure and achieve operating speed before subject- ing the driver to full load.

The dump valve shall operate only for the duration neces-

8.1.6.2

sary for the positive displacement pump to achieve operating speed.

8.1.6.3 Dump Valve Control.

8.1.6.3.1 Automatic Operation. When an electrically oper- ated dump valve is used, it shall be controlled by the positive displacement pump controller.

8.1.6.3.2 Manual Operation. Means shall be provided at the controller to ensure dump valve operation during manual start.

8.1.6.4 Dump valves shall be listed.

8.1.6.5 Dump valve discharge shall be permitted to be piped to

the liquid supply tank, pump suction, drain, or liquid supply.

8.2 Foam Concentrate and Additive Pumps.

8.2.1 Additive Pumps. Additive pumps shall meet the require-

ments for foam concentrate pumps.

Fittings.

A dump valve shall be provided on all closed head

Fittings. A dump valve shall be provided on all closed head 8.4.3* Relief Valves for Foam

8.4.3* Relief Valves for Foam Concentrate Pumps. For foam concentrate pumps, safety relief valves shall be piped to return the valve discharge to the concentrate supply tank.

8.4.4* Relief Valves for Water Mist Pumps.

8.4.4.1 For positive displacement water mist pumps, safety

relief valves shall discharge to a drain or to the water supply or pump suction.

8.4.4.2 Ameans of preventing overheating shall be provided when

the relief valve is plumbed to discharge to the pump suction.

8.4.5* Suction Strainer.

8.4.5.1 Pumps shall be equipped with a removable and clean- able suction strainer installed at
8.4.5.1
Pumps shall be equipped with a removable and clean-
able suction strainer installed at least 10 pipe diameters from
able suction strainer installed at least 10 pipe diameters from
the pump suction inlet.
the pump suction inlet.
8.4.5.2
Suction strainer pressure drop shall be calculated to
Suction strainer pressure drop shall be calculated to
ensure that sufficient NPSH is available to the pump.
ensure that sufficient NPSH is available to the pump.
8.4.5.3 The net open area of the strainer shall be at least four The net
8.4.5.3
The net open area of the strainer shall be at least four
The net open area of the strainer shall be at least four
times the area of the suction piping.
times the area of the suction piping.
Not for Resale

2003 Edition

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