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Name of student: ___________________________ Class: Tuesday


Date: 28.03.2017
School: ___________________________________ Week: 13
Time: 6.30 pm ~ 9.15 pm
Kipli Yassin Resources, Heritage Garden, Kuching
Subject: Additional Maths Form 4
Topic: 1: FUNCTIONS (FUNGSI) - EXERCISE
1.1 Relations (Hubungan)

Express the relation between the following pairs of sets in the form of arrow diagram, ordered pair and graph.
Nyatakan hubungan antara setiap pasangan set berikut dalam bentuk rajah anak panah, pasangan tertib dan graf.

Arrow diagram Ordered pairs Graph


Rajah anak panah Pasangan tertib Graf
1, 2, 3, 4, 5
a ) Set A =
1, 4, 9, 16, 25
Set B =
Relation: The perfect square of
Hubungan: Kuasa dua sempurna
bagi

b )Set A = {triangle, rectangle,


pentagon}
Set A = {segitiga, segiempat
tepat, pentagon}
Set B = {3,4,5}
Relation : Number of Sides
Hubungan : Bilangan sisi

1.2 Determine domain , codomain , object, image and range of relation


Menentukan domain, kodomain, objek, imej dan julat bagi suatu hubungan

List down the domain, codomain, objects, images and the range of the following relation.
Senaraikan domain, kodomain, objek, imej dan julat bagi hubungan berikut.

1.

-1 0
0
1 1

Set C Diagram 1 Set D

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Domain =


Codomain =

The objects of 1 =

The image of 1 =


Range (Julat) =

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( a, c ), (b, e), (b, f ), (c, g )
2. Ordered pairs / Pasangan tertib:


Domain =


Codomain =

The object of g =

The images of b =


Range (Julat) =

3. y
5

2
2 4 6
1

Domain =

x
Codomain =

The objects of 1 =

The images of 6 =


Range (Julat) =

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1.3 Classifying the types of relations (Jenis-jenis hubungan)

State the type of the following relations / Nyatakan jenis hubungan untuk setiap yang berikut:

a) x b) x x
x X
2
3
4
1 2
2 9
2 -2
4
3 -3
6

.. .

Type of number/Jenis nombor


c) x x2 d)
4 Prime /Perdana
3 2 Even /Genap
4
2 -3
-3 9

..

2.0 Functions (Fungsi)

A function is a relation in which every element in the domain has one and only one image in the codomain.

2.1 Identify each of the following relations is a function or not.


Kenal pasti samada setiap yang berikut adalah fungsi atau bukan fungsi.

A B A B A B
a) b) c)
p 1 p a a p
q b b q
q 2
r c c r
r 3 d

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2.2 Express each of the following functions using function notation.
Nyatakan setiap fungsi yang berikut dalam bentuk tatanda fungsi .

a) B
b) B
c) B
A A A

2 4 2 4 1 7

3 6 3 9 2 8

4 8 4 16 3 9

Function notation Function notation Function notation



f:x .. g:x .. h:x ..
or f ( x ) = or g ( x ) = or h ( x ) =

2.3 a) Find the image for each of the following functions.


Cari imej bagi setiap fungsi yang berikut:

5x 3 x
(i)f:x 2x + 9 2 5
( ii ) f : x ( iii ) h : x +6
f(5)= f (-3 ) = find h ( -2 )

..

b ) Find the object for each of the following functions.


Cari objek bagi setiap fungsi berikut.

2x 8 6
i)f:x 2x 3 , find the object
when the image is 5. 3 x
Cari objek apabila imej ialah 5. ii) f : x , find the object iii) f : x 7 , find the object
when the image is 3. when the image is -5.
Cari objek apabila imej ialah 3. Cari objek apabila imej ialah 5.

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c ) Find the value of x for each of the following function.
Cari nilai x bagi setiap fungsi berikut.
8 x 3
i ) f (x) = 2x + 7 2x 1 2
for which f(x) = 3 ii ) g (x) = iii) h(x) =
for which g(x) = 4 for which h(x) = x.

2.1 ABSOLUTE FUNCTIONS (FUNGSI MUTLAK)

1. Sketch the graphs of the following absolute value functions. Hence, determine the range of the functions
respectively.
Lakar setiap graf fungsi mutlak berikut. Seterusnya, nyatakan julat bagi setiap fungsi mutlak tersebut.

f ( x) x 5 for 2 x 6 f ( x) 2 x 3 for 2 x 2
(a) (b)

2. Solve for the values of x for each of the given absolute functions.
Selesaikan untuk setiap nilai x bagi setiap fungsi mutlak yang diberi.

f : x 4 5x f ( x) 3 x
g:x 2
(a) & 3 g ( x) 1
(b) &

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EXTRA EXERCISE / LATIHAN TAMBAHAN

4
f :x ,x 3
3 x
1. Given the function . Find
4
f :x ,x 3
3 x
Diberi fungsi . Cari
1
(a) the image of 2 and ,
1
imej bagi 2 dan ,

f ( 2 p ) 1
(b) the value of p such that .
f (2 p ) 1
nilai p dengan keadaan .

f : x 2x 7
2. Given the function , find
f : x 2x 7
Diberi fungsi , cari
(a) f(4),
(b) the image of 3 / imej bagi 3,
(c) the image of m + 1 / imej bagi m + 1.

3x 4
h( x) , x 4
x4
3. The function h is such that .
3x 4
h( x ) , x 4
x4
Fungsi h adalah dengan keadaan .
(a) State the value of x when the function cannot be defined.
Nyatakan nilai x dengan keadaan fungsi di atas tak tertakrif.
h( k ) 7
(b) Find the value of k such that .
h( k ) 7
Cari nilai k dengan keadaan .

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3x 1
g:x
2
4. Given the function , find
3x 1
g:x
2
Diberi fungsi , cari
(a) the object of 8 / objek bagi 8,
4 4
(b) the value of p such that g(p) = , / nilai bagi p dengan keadaan g(p) = ,
(c) the object which maps onto itself. / objek yang memetakan diri sendiri.

f : x mx 10
5. Given the function , where m is a constant.
f : x mx 10
Diberi fungsi , di mana m adalah pemalar.
f ( 2) 3m f (2) 3m
(a) If , find the value of m. / Jika , cari nilai bagi m.
f ( n) n 1 f ( n) n 1
(b) Hence, solve . / Seterusnya, selesaikan .

2p 5
g ( x)
3x x0
6. The diagram shows the function , , where p is a constant.
2p 5 2p 5
g ( x)
3x 3x x0
Rajah menunjukkan fungsi , , di mana p ialah pemalar.
g
x

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Find the value of p. / Cari nilai bagi p.

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2
f 4
f : x 3x k 3
7. Given the function , where k is a constants. If , find the value of
2
f 4
f : x 3x k 3
Diberi fungsi , di mana k suatu pemalar. Jika , cari nilai bagi
(a) k,
f (k )
(b) .

v : t 2 w 3t
8. Given the absolute function, , find the values of w such that v(2) = 3.
v : t 2 w 3t
Diberi fungsi mutlak , cari nilai-nilai w dengan keadaan v(2) = 3.

9. The diagram below shows an arrow diagram representing part of the mapping of x by the function
48 b
f :x ,x
ax b a
.
48
ax b f
Gambarajah berikut menunukkan rajah anak panah mewakili sebahagian daripada pemetaan x bagi
48 b
f :x ,x
ax b a
fungsi .
x

2
2

Find / Cari

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(a) the values of a and b, / nilai-nilai bagi a dan b,
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(b) the object whose image is . / objek di mana imejnya ialah .

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ax
f ( x) , x b
xb
10. The arrow diagram represents a function .
ax ax
f ( x) , x b
xb xb
Gambarajah anak panah mewakili fungsi .
x f

3
2

Find / Cari
(a) the value of a and b, / nilai a dan nilai b,
(b) the value of x such that the function is undefined, / nilai x dengan keadaan fungsi tak tertakrif,
(c) the values of x that are mapped onto themselves, / nilai-nilai x dengan keadaan ia memetakan diri sendiri,
1 1
4 4
2 2
(d) the object which has the image . / objek yang mempunyai imej .

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