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UNI EN 1366-3:2005 - 01-06-2005 - Prove di resistenza al fuoco per impianti di fornitura servizi - Parte 3: Sigillatura degli attraversamenti
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ITEM3 COMPORTAMENTO ALLINCENDIO

NORMA TECNICA UNI EN 1366-3:2005


DATA 01/06/2005
AUTORI COMPORTAMENTO ALLINCENDIO

TITOLO Prove di resistenza al fuoco per impianti di fornitura servizi - Parte 3: Sigillatura degli
attraversamenti
Fire resistance tests for service installations - Part 3: Penetration seals

SOMMARIO La presente norma la versione ufficiale in lingua inglese della norma europea EN
1366-3 (edizione settembre 2004). La norma specifica un metodo per valutare la
capacit di un sistema sigillante di una penetrazione di mantenere la resistenza al
fuoco di un elemento di compartimentazione nella posizione in cui si presenta
l'attraversamento.

TESTO DELLA NORMA

CLASSIFICAZIONE ICS 13.220.50


CLASSIFICAZIONE ARGOMENTO AA10B0202

PARZIALMENTE SOSTITUITA

GRADO DI COGENZA

STATO DI VALIDITA' In vigore

COLLEGAMENTI INTERNAZIONALI EN 1366-5:2003

LINGUA Inglese
PAGINE 35
PREZZO EURO Non Soci 57,00 Euro - Soci 28,50 Euro
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NORMA Prove di resistenza al fuoco per impianti di fornitura UNI EN 1366-3


EUROPEA servizi
Parte 3: Sigillatura degli attraversamenti

GIUGNO 2005

Fire resistance tests for service installations


Part 3: Penetration seals

La norma specica un metodo per valutare la capacit di un


sistema sigillante di una penetrazione di mantenere la resistenza al
fuoco di un elemento di compartimentazione nella posizione in cui
si presenta lattraversamento.

TESTO INGLESE

La presente norma la versione ufciale in lingua inglese della


norma europea EN 1366-3 (edizione settembre 2004).

ICS 13.220.50

UNI UNI
Ente Nazionale Italiano Riproduzione vietata. Tutti i diritti sono riservati. Nessuna parte del presente documento
di Unicazione pu essere riprodotta o diffusa con un mezzo qualsiasi, fotocopie, microlm o altro, senza
Via Battistotti Sassi, 11B il consenso scritto dellUNI.
20133 Milano, Italia www.uni.com

UNI EN 1366-3:2005 Pagina I


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PREMESSA NAZIONALE
La presente norma costituisce il recepimento, in lingua inglese, del-
la norma europea EN 1366-3 (edizione settembre 2004), che assu-
me cos lo status di norma nazionale italiana.

La presente norma stata elaborata sotto la competenza della


Commissione Tecnica UNI
Comportamento allincendio

La presente norma stata raticata dal Presidente dellUNI, con


delibera dell8 aprile 2005.

Le norme UNI sono elaborate cercando di tenere conto dei punti di vista di tutte le parti
interessate e di conciliare ogni aspetto conittuale, per rappresentare il reale stato
dellarte della materia ed il necessario grado di consenso.
Chiunque ritenesse, a seguito dellapplicazione di questa norma, di poter fornire sug-
gerimenti per un suo miglioramento o per un suo adeguamento ad uno stato dellarte
in evoluzione pregato di inviare i propri contributi allUNI, Ente Nazionale Italiano di
Unicazione, che li terr in considerazione per leventuale revisione della norma stessa.

Le norme UNI sono revisionate, quando necessario, con la pubblicazione di nuove edizioni o
di aggiornamenti.
importante pertanto che gli utilizzatori delle stesse si accertino di essere in possesso
dellultima edizione e degli eventuali aggiornamenti.
Si invitano inoltre gli utilizzatori a vericare lesistenza di norme UNI corrispondenti alle
norme EN o ISO ove citate nei riferimenti normativi.

UNI EN 1366-3:2005 UNI Pagina II


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EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 1366-3


NORME EUROPENNE
EUROPISCHE NORM September 2004

ICS 13.220.50

English version

Fire resistance tests for service installations - Part 3: Penetration


seals

Essais de rsistance au feu des installations techniques - Feuerwiderstandsprfungen fr Installationen - Teil 3:


Partie 3: Calfeutrements Abschottungen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 3 March 2004.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official
versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

2004 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1366-3:2004: E
worldwide for CEN national Members.
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EN 1366-3: 2004 (E)

Contents

Foreword ......................................................................................................................................................................4
Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................5
1 Scope...............................................................................................................................................................6
2 Normative references ....................................................................................................................................6
3 Terms and definitions....................................................................................................................................7
4 Test equipment...............................................................................................................................................8
5 Test conditions...............................................................................................................................................8
5.1 Heating conditions.........................................................................................................................................8
5.2 Pressure conditions.......................................................................................................................................8
6 Test specimen ................................................................................................................................................8
6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................8
6.2 Size ..................................................................................................................................................................8
6.3 Number............................................................................................................................................................8
6.4 Design .............................................................................................................................................................9
6.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................9
6.4.2 Support conditions for penetrating services ..............................................................................................9
6.4.3 Pipe end configuration ..................................................................................................................................9
6.4.4 Cable end configuration ..............................................................................................................................10
6.4.5 Blank penetration seal.................................................................................................................................10
6.4.6 Subsequent addition of services................................................................................................................10
6.5 Construction .................................................................................................................................................10
6.6 Verification....................................................................................................................................................10
7 Installation of test specimen.......................................................................................................................10
7.1 General ..........................................................................................................................................................10
7.2 Supporting construction .............................................................................................................................10
7.2.1 General ..........................................................................................................................................................10
7.2.2 Standard supporting constructions...........................................................................................................11
7.3 Installation of service ..................................................................................................................................12
7.4 Installation of penetration seal ...................................................................................................................12
7.5 Multiple test specimens...............................................................................................................................13
8 Conditioning .................................................................................................................................................13
9 Application of instrumentation ...................................................................................................................13
9.1 Thermocouples ............................................................................................................................................13
9.1.1 Furnace thermocouples (plate thermometers) .........................................................................................13
9.1.2 Unexposed face thermocouples.................................................................................................................13
9.1.3 Roving thermocouple ..................................................................................................................................14
9.2 Integrity measurement.................................................................................................................................14
9.3 Pressure ........................................................................................................................................................14
10 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................15
10.1 General ..........................................................................................................................................................15
10.2 Integrity .........................................................................................................................................................15
10.3 Insulation ......................................................................................................................................................15
10.4 Other observations ......................................................................................................................................15
11 Performance criteria ....................................................................................................................................15
11.1 Integrity .........................................................................................................................................................15
11.2 Insulation ......................................................................................................................................................15
11.3 Multiple penetrations ...................................................................................................................................15

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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

12 Test report ....................................................................................................................................................15


13 Field of direct application of test results...................................................................................................16
Annex A (informative) Explanatory notes .............................................................................................................21
A.1 General ..........................................................................................................................................................21
A.2 Notes on the scope and application of test results..................................................................................21
A.3 Notes on test conditions .............................................................................................................................22
A.4 Notes on test construction .........................................................................................................................22
A.5 Suggested pipe end configurations for different end-uses.....................................................................23
A.6 Notes on test procedure..............................................................................................................................23
A.7 Notes on test criteria ...................................................................................................................................23
A.8 Notes on validity of test results..................................................................................................................23
A.9 Notes on test report .....................................................................................................................................24
A.10 Small diameter control cables ....................................................................................................................24
Annex B (normative) Standard configuration for cable penetration seals ........................................................25
B.1 Structure of specimens ...............................................................................................................................25
B.2 Deviations from standard specimens ........................................................................................................26
B.3 Field of direct application............................................................................................................................26
Annex C (normative) Standard configuration and field of direct application for penetration
seals for pipes ..............................................................................................................................................35
C.1 Standard configuration for penetration seals for metal pipes ................................................................35
C.2 Non-standard configurations......................................................................................................................36
C.3 Direct field of application ............................................................................................................................37

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EN 1366-3: 2004 (E)

Foreword
This document (EN 1366-3:2004) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN /TC 127 Fire safety
in buildings, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an
identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2005, and conflicting national standards shall be
withdrawn at the latest by March 2005.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the
European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the
following countries are bound to implement this European Standard : Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EN 1366 Fire resistance tests for service installations consists of the following:

Part 1: Ducts

Part 2: Fire dampers

Part 3: Penetration seals

Part 4: Linear joint seals (in course of preparation)

Part 5: Service ducts and shafts

Part 6: Raised access floors and hollow floors (in course of preparation)

Part 7: Closures for conveyors and trackbound transportation systems (in course of preparation)

Part 8: Smoke extraction ducts

Part 9: Single compartment smoke extraction ducts (in course of preparation)

Part 10: Smoke control dampers (in course of preparation)

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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

Introduction
This document has been prepared to provide a method of test for assessing the contribution of a
penetration sealing system to the fire resistance of separating elements when they have been penetrated
by a service or services.

CAUTION The attention of all persons concerned with managing and carrying out this fire resistance test
is drawn to the fact that fire testing may be hazardous and that there is a possibility that toxic and/or
harmful smoke and gases may be evolved during the test. Mechanical and operational hazards may also
arise during the construction of the test elements or structures, their testing and disposal of test residues.

An assessment of all potential hazards and risks to health should be made and safety precautions should
be identified and provided. Written safety instructions should be issued. Appropriate training should be
given to relevant personnel. Laboratory personnel should ensure that they follow written safety
instructions at all times.

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EN 1366-3: 2004 (E)

1 Scope
This document specifies a method of test and criteria for the evaluation of the ability of a penetration
sealing system to maintain the fire resistance of a separating element at the position at which it has been
penetrated by a service. Excluded are chimneys, air ventilation systems, fire rated ventilation ducts, fire
rated service ducts, shafts and smoke extraction ducts.

Supporting constructions are used in this document to represent separating elements such as walls or
floors. These simulate the interaction between the test specimen and the separating element into which
the sealing system is to be installed in practice.

This document is used in conjunction with EN 1363-1.

The purpose of this test described in this document is to assess:

a) the effect of such penetrations on the integrity and insulation performance of the separating element
concerned;

b) the integrity and insulation performance of the penetration sealing system;

c) the insulation performance of the penetrating service or services, and where necessary, the integrity
failure of a service.

No information can be implied by the test concerning the influence of the inclusion of such penetrations
and sealing systems on the loadbearing capacity of the separating element.

It is not the intention of this test to provide quantitative information on the rate of leakage of smoke and/or
hot gases or on the transmission or generation of fumes. Such phenomena should only be noted in
describing the general behaviour of test specimens during the test.

This test does not supply any information on the ability of the penetration sealing system to withstand
stress caused by movements or displacements of the penetrating services.

Explanatory notes to this test method are given in Annex A.

2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated
references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced
document (including any amendments) applies.

prEN 520, Gypsum plasterboards Definitions, requirements and test methods.

EN 1363-1:1999, Fire resistance tests Part 1: General requirements.

EN 1363-2, Fire resistance tests Part 2: Alternative and additional procedures.

EN 10025, Hot rolled products of non-alloy structural steels - Technical delivery conditions.

EN ISO 13943:2000, Fire safety Vocabulary (ISO 13943:2000).

HD 21.3 S3: 1995, Polyvinyl chloride insulated cables of rated voltages up to and including 450/750V
Part 3: Non-sheathed cables for fixed wiring (IEC 60227-3:1993, modified).

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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

HD 22.4 S3: 1995, Rubber insulated cables of rated voltages up to and including 450/750V
Part 4: Cords and flexible cables (IEC 60245-4:1994, modified).

HD 22.7 S2: 1995, Rubber insulated cables of rated voltages up to and including 450/750V
Part 7: Cables with increased heat resistance for internal wiring for a conductor temperature of 110 C.

HD 22.9 S2: 1995, Rubber insulated cables of rated voltages up to and including 450/750V
Part 9: Single core non-sheathed cables for fixed wiring having low emission of smoke and corrosive
gases.

3 Terms and definitions


For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 1363-1:1999 and EN
ISO 13943:2000 and the following apply.

3.1
penetration
aperture in a separating element for the passage of one or more services

3.2
service
system such as a cable, conduit, pipe (with or without insulation), or trunking

3.3
penetration seal
system used to maintain the fire resistance of a separating element at the position where there is
provision for services to pass through the separating element

3.4
penetration sealing system
assembly for test consisting of the penetrating service or services and the penetration seal, materials or
devices, together with any service supporting construction, designed to maintain the integrity and
insulation performance of the separating element for the duration of the fire test

3.5
service support construction
mechanical support provided in the form of clips, ties, hangers, ladder racks or trays, or any device
designed to carry the load of the penetrating services

3.6
standard supporting construction
form of construction of known fire resistance used to close off the furnace and support the penetration
sealing system being evaluated

3.7
blank penetration seal
aperture of specified size in the separating element which is sealed or closed by the specified seal
without incorporation of penetrating services

3.8
flexible construction
horizontal or vertical supporting construction consisting of studs or joists, including linings and optional
insulation

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EN 1366-3: 2004 (E)

4 Test equipment
In addition to the test equipment specified in EN 1363-1, and if applicable EN 1363-2, the minimum
internal dimensions of the furnace shall be 1 m 1 m 1 m.

5 Test conditions

5.1 Heating conditions

The heating conditions and the furnace atmosphere shall conform to those given in EN 1363-1 or, if
applicable, EN 1363-2.

5.2 Pressure conditions

5.2.1 Pressure conditions shall be as given in EN 1363-1.

5.2.2 Where there is only a single vertical penetration that has a maximum height of 1 m, a pressure of
(15 2) Pa shall be established at the centre of this penetration.

5.2.3 If a single vertical penetration sealing system is tested which has a height of more than 1 m, it
shall be tested with a pressure of (20 2) Pa at its top and in such cases penetrating services shall be
included in the zone where positive pressure exceeds 10 Pa (see Figure 1).

5.2.4 If more than one penetration sealing systems is tested in a single vertical supporting
construction, the pressure conditions specified in 5.2.2 or 5.2.3 shall apply to the lowest penetration.

5.2.5 For horizontal separating elements the pressure of (20 2) Pa shall be maintained in the
horizontal plane (100 10) mm below the underside of the supporting construction.

6 Test specimen

6.1 General

The test specimen consists of a single penetration sealing system together with a supporting
construction.

6.2 Size

A penetration and the accompanying penetration seal shall be as in practice. In order to avoid boundary
effects, the distance between the perimeter of the penetration sealing system and the internal surfaces of
the furnace shall be not less than 200 mm at any point.

In cases where multiple test specimens are included in a single test construction, the minimum distance
between adjacent penetration seals shall be not less than 200 mm. Each penetration with its associated
service(s) and penetration sealing system(s) shall be the subject of a separate evaluation, provided the
standard test conditions are maintained throughout the test with respect to the penetration being
evaluated.

6.3 Number

For vertical separating elements the number of test specimens required is given in EN 1363-1.

For horizontal separating elements only one test specimen is required with fire exposure from the
)
underside. Fire from below floors is generally more critical than fire from above. However, in addition to

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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

the classification requirements from below, requirements from below, requirements can also be related to
the thickness and quality of the flooring /floor and its subsequent design to safeguard from above.

Where a penetration sealing system is intended for use both in floors and walls, the systems shall be
tested both vertically and horizontally.

6.4 Design

6.4.1 General

The test specimen shall be either:

a) fully representative of the service and penetration sealing system used in practice, including any
special features which are unique to that installation; or

b) a standard configuration (see Annexes B and C, and Table 2 or 3 for the supporting construction)
which is deemed to cover a wide range of practical applications.

6.4.2 Support conditions for penetrating services

The support conditions for the service(s) shall be chosen from the following:

a) without support;

b) standard service support construction (see Table 2 and /or 3);

c) full-scale representation as in practice together with any calculation and the application of a load to
simulate practical conditions.

In each condition the method of support (if any) shall be fully described in the test report.

6.4.3 Pipe end configuration

When pipes are to be tested, the pipe end configurations shall be chosen from Table 1.

Table 1 Pipe end configuration

Test Pipe end configuration


condition
Inside the furnace Outside the furnace
A Uncapped Uncapped
B Capped Uncapped
C Uncapped Capped
D Capped Capped

Capping of pipes shall be carried out by closing the pipe end by inserting a mineral wool disc of a
3
thickness of (75 10) mm and a density of (150 50) kg/m into the end of the pipe, fixed in place with
an appropriate adhesive (e.g. sodium silicate adhesive). Alternatively, the pipe may be capped by
welding a disc of the same material as the pipe onto the end of the pipe together with the mineral wool
above. In cases where vertical pipes are tested, the mineral wool shall be fixed additionally by
mechanical means.

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EN 1366-3: 2004 (E)

6.4.4 Cable end configuration

The heated ends of solid elements such as electrical conductors shall be left uncapped. Cables
projecting from the unheated face of the supporting construction shall be capped using an appropriate
method to prevent hot gases escaping.

6.4.5 Blank penetration seal

If a blank penetration seal is to be evaluated, this shall be incorporated into the supporting construction.

6.4.6 Subsequent addition of services

If it is the intention of the test to represent the effect of adding extra services or altering the number
and/or type of service running through the seal subsequent to installation, then the following procedure
shall be followed.

After installation of the first service and penetration sealing system into the appropriate supporting
construction, the test construction shall be conditioned in accordance with Clause 8. After this period any
required modifications shall be made to the service(s) as required to be evaluated and the test
construction conditioned again.

Any such procedures shall be fully described in the test report.

6.5 Construction

The test specimen shall be constructed as described in EN 1363-1.

6.6 Verification

Verification of the test specimen(s) shall be carried out as described in EN 1363-1.

7 Installation of test specimen

7.1 General

The test specimen(s) shall be installed, as far as possible, in a manner representative of their use in
practice. Care shall be taken to avoid any artificial support which could be provided to the service e.g. if it
sags during the test.

7.2 Supporting construction

7.2.1 General

Whenever practicable, one of the standard supporting constructions given in 7.2.2 should be used. The
results may be applicable to other separating elements in accordance with the field of direct application
provisions in Clause 13.

The supporting construction chosen for the test may be the actual construction to be used in practice.
However, the result is only applicable to that form of construction, unless the form of construction in
practice is one of the standard supporting constructions given in 7.2.2.

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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

7.2.2 Standard supporting constructions

7.2.2.1 Wall constructions

7.2.2.1.1 Rigid wall constructions

The selection of the rigid wall construction will depend on the period of fire resistance required for the
penetration sealing system. For concrete and masonry separating elements the standard supporting
constructions for walls are given in Table 2.

Table 2 Standard rigid wall constructions

Fire Thickness of aerated concrete


resistance (650 200) kg/m
(min)
mm
30 75 10
60 100 10
90 125 10
120 150 10
180 175 10
240 200 10

7.2.2.1.2 Flexible wall constructions

The selection of the flexible wall constructions will depend on the fire resistance required for the
penetration sealing systems. Because of problems with stability in such constructions the size of the
supporting construction shall be at least 3 m in height and 2 m in width. The furnace aperture shall be at
least 3 m x 2 m. For flexible wall constructions the standard supporting constructions are given in Table
3; the design shall be in accordance with EN 1363-1.

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EN 1366-3: 2004 (E)

Table 3 Standard flexible wall constructions (gypsum type F to prEN 520)

Gypsum plasterboard wall

Number of
Fire resistance layers on Insulation Thickness
(mins) each side x D/ 10 %
thickness
mm mm
30 1 12,5 40/40 65
60 2 12,5 40/40 90
90 2 12,5 60/50 100
120 2 15 60/100 160
180 3 12,5 60/100 175
240 3 15 80/100 190
D is the thickness in mm of mineral wool insulation inside the wall
3
is the density in kg/m of mineral wool insulation inside the wall

7.2.2.2 Floor constructions

7.2.2.2.1 Rigid floor construction

The standard supporting constructions for concrete floor separating elements shall have a density of
3
(650 200) kg/m and a thickness of 150 mm.

7.2.2.2.2 Flexible floors

In the case of flexible floors, e.g. timber joist floor, the minimum size of the supporting construction shall
be at least 4 m in span and 2 m in width.

7.3 Installation of service

The service(s) shall be installed so that it projects a minimum of 500 mm on each side of the supporting
construction, of which at least 300 mm shall extend beyond the extremities of the penetration sealing
system. In this context any coating, wrapping or other protection to the services shall be part of the
penetration sealing system. In addition, the length of unprotected service on the unexposed face shall not
be greater than 500 mm.

At the start of the test there shall be a minimum separation of 200 mm between the extremities of the
services, adjacent penetrations and between any penetration and the internal surface of the furnace.

7.4 Installation of penetration seal

The penetration sealing system shall be installed, together with chosen services, in accordance with the
manufacturer's instructions.

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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

7.5 Multiple test specimens

When more than one test specimen is incorporated into a single supporting construction in accordance
with the requirements of Clause 6, care shall be taken to ensure that there is no interaction between
different test specimens.

8 Conditioning
The test construction shall be conditioned in accordance with EN 1363-1.

9 Application of instrumentation

9.1 Thermocouples

9.1.1 Furnace thermocouples (plate thermometers)

Plate thermometers shall be provided in accordance with EN 1363-1. There shall be at least one for
every 1,5 m of the exposed surface area of the test construction, subject to a minimum of 4. In vertical
supporting constructions, the plate thermometers shall be orientated so that side A faces towards the
back wall of the furnace. In horizontal supporting constructions, the plate thermometers shall be
orientated so that side 'A' faces the floor of the furnace.

No part of the plate thermometer shall be closer than 100 mm to any projecting part of the seal, a
penetrating service or any part of the furnace at the start of the test.

9.1.2 Unexposed face thermocouples

9.1.2.1 General

Unexposed surface temperature measurements shall be made using thermocouples in accordance with
EN 1363-1. In the case of non-planar surfaces the disc and pad shall be deformed to follow the surface
profile. If there is difficulty in fixing the standard pad, the size of the pad shall be reduced subject to a
minimum diameter of 12 mm.

Thermocouples can be attached by adhesives or, in the case of thermoplastic, fibrous or intumescent
materials, as shown in Figure 3. In the latter case, the pad and the thermocouple shall be held by an
applied force of (3 1) N.

Thermocouples shall be provided in the following locations (see Figures 2 and 4).

9.1.2.2 Type A

On the surface of the service protruding from the unexposed face 25 mm from the point where the
service emerges from the penetration seal and any applied insulation or coating (see Figure 4). At this
location, a measurement shall be made on each different type and/or size of penetrating service included
in the penetration. On each selected service one thermocouple as described above shall be provided per
500 mm perimeter of the service. If the penetration sealing system is a surface mounted device on the
unexposed face (see Figure 4 for the positions of the thermocouples).

In the case of tightly bunched or grouped services, the grouped assembly shall be treated as a single
service. Thermocouples at the specified positions shall be evenly distributed around the perimeter of the
service. If the service passes through a vertical test specimen, one of these thermocouples shall be
attached to the uppermost surface of the service. Also, in the case of vertical test specimens, when

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EN 1366-3: 2004 (E)

similar services are included in the penetration, the service nearest the top of the penetration shall be
chosen for temperature measurement.

9.1.2.3 Type B

On the surface of the penetration seal at the following locations:

i) If possible, 25 mm from each type of penetrating service (or group of services) with a
minimum of one thermocouple provided for each 500 mm perimeter of the service.

ii) If appropriate, equidistant from the perimeter of the service to the edge of the penetration
where this distance is a maximum or, in the case where there is more than one penetrating
service, at the nominal mid-position of what in the judgement of the laboratory is the largest
uninterrupted area of seal.

9.1.2.4 Type C

At the mid-point of the top member of any supporting frame at the periphery of the penetration on the
unexposed surface (see Figure 2). In the case of vertical test specimens this measurement shall be made
at the top of the penetration.

9.1.2.5 Type D

On the surface of each ladder, tray or any service supporting construction that passes through the
penetration seal, at a distance of 25 mm from the point of emergence from the seal.

9.1.2.6 Type E

On the surface of the supporting construction 25 mm from the edge of the penetration with a minimum of
one thermocouple per penetration (see Figure 2 for example).

9.1.2.7 Type F

If, in the opinion of the laboratory, potential weak spots can be identified, additional fixed thermocouples
shall be attached at those points.

9.1.3 Roving thermocouple

The information obtained on unexposed face surface temperatures shall be supplemented by additional
data derived from measurements obtained using a roving thermocouple as specified in EN 1363-1,
applied to identify any local "hot spots" or where temperatures measured by the fixed thermocouples are
not reliable.

9.2 Integrity measurement

In addition to the cotton pads specified in EN 1363-1, additional cotton pads shall be provided with a
reduced size of 30 mm 30 mm 20 mm. An additional wire frame holder as described in EN 1363-1
modified to accommodate the smaller cotton pad shall also be provided. This modified holder shall still
maintain the 30 mm clearance required from adjacent surfaces.

9.3 Pressure

Install pressure measuring devices in the furnace in accordance with EN 1363-1.

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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

10 Test procedure

10.1 General

The test shall be carried out using the equipment and procedures in accordance with EN 1363-1, and if
appropriate EN 1363-2, modified if necessary as described in this document.

10.2 Integrity

Where difficulties arise in attempting to use the cotton pad for the assessment of loss of integrity in
accordance with EN 1363-1 because the penetration carries a high density of services, the reduced size
cotton pad specified in 9.2 shall be used.

Gap gauges shall not be used to evaluate integrity unless required by national regulations.

10.3 Insulation

Temperatures recorded from thermocouples that become embedded in softening material or covered by
intumescent material shall be disregarded.

10.4 Other observations

The test specimen in the furnace shall be monitored for the occurrence of artificial support to a service
e.g. if it sags and is supported by the floor of the furnace or another test specimen.

11 Performance criteria

11.1 Integrity

The criteria by which the integrity performance of the test specimen is judged are given in EN 1363-1.

11.2 Insulation

The criteria by which the insulation performance of the test specimen is judged are given in EN 1363-1
with the exception that the average temperature rise criterion is not used.

11.3 Multiple penetrations

Any failure with respect to a single service incorporated in a penetration seal system shall constitute a
failure of that system. If multiple penetrations are included in a single test, then the performance of each
penetration seal system shall be judged separately subject to the constraints of 6.2.

12 Test report
In addition to the items required by EN 1363-1, the following shall also be included in the test report (if
applicable):

a) a reference that the test was carried out in accordance with EN 1366-3;

b) for tests on pipes, a statement of the pipe end configuration according to Table 1;

c) for tests on cables, the dimensions of a1 to a5 according to Annex B (see Figure B.1);

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EN 1366-3: 2004 (E)

d) for metallic pipes, the dimensions a1 to a6 according to Annex C;

e) for unsupported seals, the maximum area free of services;

f) whether multiple penetrations have been tested in a single test construction;

g) the result of gap gauge measurements if appropriate;

h) any additional information as required in the annexes.

13 Field of direct application of test results


13.1 For field of direct application for pipes see Annex C.

13.2 Test results obtained from tests with pipes having both ends uncapped (see Table 1, test condition
"A") are valid for all other test conditions of Table 1.

13.3 For the field of direct application for cables see B.3.

13.4 Test results are only applicable to the orientation in which the penetration sealing systems were
tested.

13.5 Test results obtained with rigid wall standard supporting constructions may be applied to concrete
or masonry separating elements of a thickness and density equal to or greater than that of the supporting
construction used in the test.

13.6 Test results obtained in gypsum standard supporting constructions constructed as shown in Table
3 can be applied to similar flexible constructions with greater wall thickness or systems with more layers
of board on each face. These results also apply to flexible constructions with timber studs (breadth/depth
50 mm 75 mm) constructed in the same manner with the same number of layers as given in Table 3,
provided that no part of the penetration sealing system is closer than 100 mm to a stud, that the cavity is
closed between the penetration sealing system and the stud, and that 100 mm of insulation is provided
within the cavity between the penetration seal and the stud.

13.7 Test results obtained with flexible supporting constructions can be applied to concrete or masonry
elements of a thickness equal to or greater than that of the element used in the tests.

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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

Dimensions in millimetres

1 2

_ 000
15Pa >_ 200

>1

600
>_ 200

600
>_ 200
15Pa

600
3 000

3 4
1 200 1 200
>_ 200
<_ 800
20Pa 20Pa
2 000

2 000

>_ 200
<_ 800

Key
1 Test with one or more penetration at the same height (see 5.2.2)
2 Test with more than one penetration (see 5.2.4)
3 Single large penetration at top of furnace (see 5.2.3)
4 Single large penetration in lower part of furnace (see 5.2.3)

Figure 1 Examples for deciding on pressure conditions

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1
2 6
7 8
13
4 3
5

14 10
9
11 12

15

Key
Type A on service: Nos. 2, 4, 6, 9, 10
Type B i) on seal: Nos. 3, 13, 14
Type B ii) on seal: Nos. 7, 11
Type C on frame: No. 1
Type D on ladder: No. 15
Type E on supporting construction: Nos. 5, 8, 12
Type F at discretion of laboratory

Figure 2 Typical thermocouple locations (see 9.1.2.1 to 9.1.2.7)

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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

Dimensions in millimetres

25
225 200

F
1 6
2

3 5 4

Key
1 Supporting construction
2 Penetration seal
3 Insulation (part of penetration sealing system)
4 Service
5 Steel wire
6 Steel rod
F Force(3 1) N

Figure 3 Examples of how to attach unexposed face thermocouples for fibrous,


thermoplastic or intumescent materials

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EN 1366-3: 2004 (E)

All dimensions in millimetres

Key
1 Fire side
2 Part of the penetration sealing system
x Thermocouple position

Figure 4 Examples of location of unexposed face thermocouples

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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

Annex A
(informative)

Explanatory notes

A.1 General
These explanatory notes are intended to serve as guidance for the planning, performing and reporting of
a fire resistance test carried out in accordance with this document and interpreting and applying of test
results.

A fundamental requirement for fire resistance tests is that the test results are reproducible. This
requirement necessitates very accurate preparation of the test specimen and the specification of the test
conditions.

Detailed data from a fire resistance test will facilitate classification. For extending the application and for
quality control purposes, it could be necessary to complement a fire resistance test by other tests for the
determination of the relevant properties of materials, for example thermal conductivity, specific heat, and
strength and deformation properties in the temperature range associated with fires.

A.2 Notes on the scope and application of test results


Service systems are well known for creating hazards facilitating the spread of smoke and hot gases in the
case of fire. Systems of this type are often complicated and extensive in modern buildings and their
influence on the fire hazard should be considered carefully. The fire hazard can be reduced by providing
penetration sealing systems at the points where the services pass through fire separations.

It is obvious that the impact of fire on a service system can vary considerably. A strict scientific approach
to the problem of adequate testing of a sealing system would, therefore, be to design a series of tests
each of which corresponds to a specified fire situation and arrangement. However, such an approach
would probably fail due to its economic consequences, as tests of this type are very time-consuming and
costly. The method of test described in this document has therefore been designed with the intention of
covering a wide range of fire situations in a minimum of tests corresponding to a 'worst case' situation.

The worst case cannot be specified uniquely in every possible situation and it has therefore been
necessary to accept some restrictions together with the inapplicability of the method of test to all
situations.

During discussions on test methods it was shown that tests carried out in accordance with this document
do not permit a final assessment of fire hazards. A number of particular hazards had to be excluded.

Since the penetration seals, in practice, will be attached to fixed building members (floors, walls etc.) the
anticipated effects of the expansion, contraction or deflection of these elements should be considered in
a complete evaluation of fire performance.

It could also be necessary to carry out additional tests on the loadbearing capacity and resistance to
elongation or other deformation of supporting elements under fire conditions.

Other tests will be required in order to assess the reliability of services or the integrity of pipes and ducts
against possible leakage of materials.

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EN 1366-3: 2004 (E)

The influence of the material passing through pipes and ducts, and mechanical stresses due to
dimensional changes should be taken into account when preparing codes of practice for services.
Experience gained from the test is expected to be of use in the preparation of such codes.

Electric cables used in practice differ widely in structure in particular, with regard to their insulation and
according to their intended use. In the tests described in this document only a small selection of the great
number of different types of electric cables has been used in the test specimens in order to keep the
effort and expense involved in testing to a minimum. The cable arrangement chosen is on the basis of
practical experience in testing. The test results will apply to any of the arrangements of electric cables in
sealed penetrations which were known at the time this document was in preparation. For the purposes of
this document, fibre optic cables are also treated as electric cables.

A.3 Notes on test conditions


Often the penetrating service, together with its associated sealing system, will only form a minor
percentage of a vertical separating element. In such cases, it is possible that the whole of the penetration
sealing system could fall totally within the positive or negative pressure zone if the furnace is operated
under standard conditions.

The pressure of 15 Pa should be related to the pressure that would be applicable to testing a penetration
of standard size 600 mm 600 mm located at the top of a 3 m x 3 m test construction, when operating
under the conditions specified in EN 1363-1.

The pressure boundary conditions have, therefore, been defined in 5.2 such that where a large furnace
accommodates a number of penetration seals at different levels, the lowest seal has a pressure of not
less than approximately 15 Pa at its centre. Seals positioned at higher levels will thus be in areas of
higher pressures.

A.4 Notes on test construction


The reason for suggesting that the cable or pipe length on both sides of the penetration sealing system
should be 500 mm is that it will simulate the vertical load acting on the penetration sealing system,
which results from the failure of the service supporting structure on the fire-exposed side.

Past research work has revealed that a length of 1000 mm is the minimum for simulation of realistic
penetration sealing system loads in the event of a fire.

The approach that was taken in the past was to apply an additional equivalent load in order to account for
the risk established through tests.

It has been established that long cable routes and pipe suspension systems exposed to fire can produce
major displacement or constraining forces acting in a direction perpendicular to the plane of the
penetration sealing system and can result in premature failure.

In the case of standard configurations proposed for cables, a higher loading has been proposed to the
fire side to take this into account (see Figures B.2 and B.4).

Since the aim of testing is to model the mechanical load resulting from the penetrating service, the
services are tested unsupported. However, support for a service can occur as a result of the service
deforming and resting on the floor or another service that is part of the test specimen. If such an event
occurs, it should be noted in the test report.

Interactions between different penetration seals can occur where, for instance, the early failure at one of
the penetrations invalidates the time-temperature or pressure conditions specified, or where one
penetration sealing system directly influences another, e. g. by flaming or melting.

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A.5 Suggested pipe end configurations for different end-uses


Different uses of pipes and their pipe-end configurations are outlined in Table A.1.

Table A.1 Pipe end configuration versus end-use

Pipe-end condition

Use of pipe
outside inside the
the furnace
furnace

Rainwater pipe open capped

Ventilated open open


Sewage pipe
Unventilated capped open

Gas, drinking water,


capped open
heating water pipe

A.6 Notes on test procedure


If the service is a supply service, it will in practice be conveying a medium, e.g. gases, fluids or electricity.
The standard test should be carried out using inactive service conditions.

When a test on a 'live' or active service is carried out, the exact procedures are a matter of negotiation
between the testing laboratory and the sponsor, and should take account of any relevant safety
requirements and the specific nature of the service(s).

Thermocouples (see type A Figure 2) should be located on the surface of the service depending on the
penetration sealing system as shown in Figure 3.

A.7 Notes on test criteria


Because of the non-uniform geometry of a system containing penetrating services, the average
unexposed face temperature is not relevant in assessing insulation compliance.

A.8 Notes on validity of test results


The standard configuration for cables contains a support (steel rod with a diameter of 20 mm) at a
distance of 500 mm to simulate a support of the cable trays. In a test this support can be inappropriate
and other conditions can be selected.

In these cases the test report includes a statement that in practice additional support of the services will
be necessary as tested.

If there is a reason to believe, from the properties of the cables used in practice, that the performance
would be worse than those selected for the standard configuration, then additional tests may need to be
carried out.

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A.9 Notes on test report


The risk of fire propagation varies with the piping material used. For metallic pipes such aspects as heat
conduction, strain, melting point (copper, brass, steel, aluminium) are decisive. For mineral construction
materials (e.g. glass, fibre reinforced concrete) it is the stability when exposed to raised temperatures that
is important and for plastics melting characteristics and flame propagation can be significant.

Restrictions on the application of the test result can be derived from such descriptions included in the test
report, e.g. in respect of the materials used for the services or in respect of the suitability of the sealing
system for a particular application such as behaviour of intumescent materials:

under lower temperatures than the standard time temperature;

influenced by hot water pipes;

influenced by different gases etc.

A.10 Small diameter control cables


Small diameter control cables (plastic or metal piping with diameter 15 mm) are occasionally laid
alongside electric cables. These can be tested together with the standard configuration for cables if they
do not contain flammable media.

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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

Annex B
(normative)

Standard configuration for cable penetration seals

B.1 Structure of specimens


B.1.1 Standard specimens of cable penetration seals in walls and floors shall have a minimum height
of 600 mm and a minimum width of 600 mm unless their dimensions are smaller in practice.

B.1.2 The arrangements for cable penetration systems for the standard configuration are shown in
Figures B.1 to B.6. The cable types given in Table B.1 shall be used.

The cables shall be secured as indicated in Figures B.2 and B.3. This shall be done before installing the
seal.

The cable supports may or may not pass through the penetration. The statement on the condition
selected shall be included in the report.

B.1.3 The number of cables specified in the standard configurations are significantly lower than those
which can be found in practice. To compensate for this, additional load with a tolerance of 0,5 kg shall
be applied to the fire side of each service support construction, calculated using the formula
w
f = (1000 - l ) 0,03
500
where:
f is the load, in kg;
w is the width of service support construction, in mm;
l is the length of cable projecting into the furnace, in mm.

The loading shall be applied, by means of ballast, to these supports as shown in Figures B.2 and B.4.
When there are no cables present, 50 % of the calculated load shall also be applied to the unexposed
support as shown in Figure B.4.

The ballast shall take a form of steel weights as shown in Figure B.7.

This ballast shall be attached to the upper or underside of the service support.

B.1.4 For seals for cable penetrations in floors which are larger than 600 mm x 600 mm, the test
arrangement shown in Figure B.5 shall be applied.

B.1.5 Tests on seals for cable penetrations in a flexible supporting construction shall be carried out in
accordance with Figure B.6 and Table B.1.

B.1.6 In Figure B.1 the dimensions a1 to a5 are not specified. These dimensions shall be chosen by the
manufacturer.

As an option, small diameter control cables may be tested together with electric cable configurations
(Figure B.1).

B.1.7 Any tied bundle of telecommunication cables (consisting of a number of parallel cables tightly
packed and tied firmly together) shall remain tied together when passing through a cable penetration.

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EN 1366-3: 2004 (E)

B.1.8 When cables are orientated vertically, they shall be clamped to stop the cables moving
downwards due to gravity.

B.2 Deviations from standard specimens


B.2.1 If any deviation from the descriptions in B.1 is necessary due to the structure of the sealed
penetration concerned, each of the following shall be determined:

largest envisaged sealed cable penetration in walls and floors;

seal with the smallest envisaged thickness;

greatest possible cable density (in relation to the overall cross section of the cables per sealed
penetration and in relation to the cross sections of the conductors per cable), and where appropriate,
sealed penetrations without cables (blank penetration seal);

cable supports, where appropriate;

maximum dimension of unsupported seals (free of services).

B.2.2 The descriptions in B.2.1 also apply for penetrations through which bus bars pass.

B.3 Field of direct application


B.3.1 Test results for cables remain valid if the diameter of a single cable is reduced and/or the number
of cables in a bunch is reduced provided that the overall diameter of the bunch or of any individual cable
is not greater than that tested.

B.3.2 The test results obtained with the standard configuration cover all types of insulated cables with
copper or aluminium conductors, fibre optic cables and bundled communication cables, except hollow
cables.

B.3.3 Results obtained from tests where the supports pass through the seal are applicable to those
situations where the support is not continued but not vice versa.

B.3.4 The test results obtained using standard configurations for cable penetration systems are valid
for:

all types of steel cable trays and ladders;

any penetration size equal to or smaller than that tested, provided the total amount of cross sections
of the cables (core and insulation) does not exceed 60 % of the penetration.

B.3.5 In practice, the minimum working clearances (a1 to a5, see B.1.6) used in the test shall be applied.

B.3.6 For floor constructions, results from tests with a penetration sealing system length of 1 000 mm,
as shown in Figure B.5 apply to any length as long as the width is not larger than that of the test
specimen tested.

B.3.7 If the 20 mm diameter steel rods (see Figure B.2) have a different distance from the penetration
seal than the one shown, the results are only valid if in practice the support of the cables (or cable trays)
is installed at a distance not more than the distance to the separating element used in the test.

B.3.8 The results of the test with the standard bundle f in Figure B.1 are valid for tied bundles of
telecommunication cables of diameters smaller than 150 mm.

26
EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

Table B.1 Cables for standard configuration

Cable Description Designation Diameter range Voltage Number of cables


(mm) (V)
2
a 1 150 mm H07V-K from HD21.3 S3: 1995 18,6 to 22,5 450/750 2
2
b 1 150 mm H07Z-K from HD22.9 S2: 1995 18,6 to 23,3 450/750 3
2
or 1 95 mm 15,1 to 18,8
2
c 4 185 mm H07RN-F from HD22.4 S3: 1995 64 to 80 450/750 3
2
d 4 10 mm H07RN-F from HD22.4 S3: 1995 20,9 to 26,5 450/750 20
2
e 5 1,5 mm H07RN-F from HD22.4 S3: 1995 11,2 to 14,4 450/750 20
2
f 20 2 0,6 mm Telecommunication cable 15 to 18 200 20 (tied bundle)
(screened)
2
g 1 185 mm H07G-K from HD22.7 S2: 1995 21,0 to 26,3 450/750 2
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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

Dimensions in millimetres
600
300
a1 a2

1 2

25

45
a4
300

a5
>_ 1 000
600

60
25
4

60
a3

300
6
>_ 1 000

Key

Steel parts of steel grade FE 360 B/EN 10025

1 Steel ladders 300 mm, t = 1,25 mm


2 Steel ladders 200 mm, t = 1,00 mm
4 Perforated steel tray 500 mm, t = 1,5 mm
5 Unperforated steel tray 500 mm, t = 1,5 mm
6 Optional: 6 control cables 15 mm (3 metal, 3 plastic)
8 Thermocouple position
a1 to a5 Minimum working spaces as specified by the sponsor
h 1; h 2 Distance between ladders and trays respectively
NOTE For an exact description of cables (a g) see Table B.1

Figure B.1 Standard configuration for cable penetration systems

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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

Dimensions in millimetres
600

1 2 500
50 50
a a 8 7
16 8
_ 1 000

4 16 a
7
600

80
8 7

30
8
>

5 a
7 7 8
8

7 d e
7 9 7
10
A t 10
11
700 A - A
_ 1 000
>
Key

Steel parts of steel grade FE 360 B/EN 10025

1 Steel ladders 300 mm, t = 1,25 mm


2 Steel ladders 200 mm, t=1,00 mm
4 Perforated steel tray 500 mm, t = 1,5 mm
5 Unperforated steel tray 500 mm, t = 1,5 mm
7 Steel rod 20 mm welded to bracket and tray (unexposed face)
8 Fixing of cables steel wire 1 mm ~ 400 mm from supporting construction
9 Steel bracket 500 mm length
10 H-studs (80 40 5) mm
11 Supporting construction
16 Ballast (steel plate see Figure B.7)
a Cables as in Figure B.1
d Exposed face
e Unexposed face
t Thickness of the supporting construction

Figure B.2 Test arrangement for cable penetration systems in walls

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EN 1366-3: 2004 (E)

Dimensions in millimetres
8 8 12

13

13
14

T
15 15

15

1 2

12

3 12

12
6
14
_ 1 000
>

Key
Steel parts of steel grade FE 360 B/EN 10025
1 Steel ladders 300 mm, t = 1,25 mm
2 Steel ladders 200 mm, t = 1,00 mm
3 Steel ladders 500 mm, t = 1,5 mm
6 Optional: 6 control cables 15 mm (3 metal, 3 plastic)
8 Fixing of cables steel wire 1 mm ~ 400 mm from supporting construction
12 Steel angle (40 5 600) mm
13 Steel channel (60 900) mm
14 Steel angle (40 5 500) mm
15 Reinforced concrete slab (diagrammatic representation) of thickness T
a1 to a5 Minimum working spaces as specified by the sponsor
NOTE For an exact description of cables (a g) see Table B.1
Figure B.3 Test arrangement for cable penetration systems in floors

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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

Dimensions in millimetres
a B t t
A

1 2 5
1 18

4 3 4 16

4 5 16
5

16
2 000

17

9
c d c d

18

17 A - A
17 B - B

19

10

A B

1 200

Key
Steel parts of steel grade FE 360 B/EN 10025

1 Steel ladders 300 mm, t = 1,25 mm


2 Steel ladders 200 mm, t = 1,00 mm
3 Steel ladders 500 mm, t = 1,5 mm
4 Perforated steel tray 500 mm, t = 1,5 mm
5 Unperforated steel tray 500 mm, t = 1,5 mm
9 Steel bracket 500 mm length
10 H-studs (80 40 5) mm
16 Ballast (steel plate - see Figure B.7)
17 Supporting construction of thickness t
18 Round steel 20 mm welded on the bracket
19 Fixing points
a Ladders/trays supporting cables as in Figure B.1
c Exposed face
d Unexposed face

Figure B.4 Test arrangement for sealed cable penetration systems (large wall openings)

31
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EN 1366-3: 2004 (E)

Dimensions in millimetres
_ 2 000
>
1 000

a
1 2
1
13
_ 1 000

12
1 3
>
600

1 3 12

12

14 15
Key
Steel parts of steel grade FE 360 B /EN 10025
1 Steel ladders 300 mm, t = 1,25 mm
2 Steel ladders 200 mm, t = 1,00 mm
3 Steel ladders 500 mm, t = 1,5 mm
12 Steel angle (40 x 5 x 600) mm
13 Steel channel (60 x 900) mm
14 Steel angle (40 x 5 x 800) mm
15 Reinforced concrete slab (diagrammatic representation)
a Ladders supporting cables as in Figure B.1

Figure B.5 Test arrangement for cable penetration systems (large floor openings)

32
Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNIEDIL STRUTTURE edizione 2006-1 .
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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

Dimensions in millimetres

22 10
23

1,2
4
9

16
5 7

3 000
20

a b

22
Key
Steel parts of steel grade FE 360 B/EN 10025
1 Steel ladders 300 mm, t = 1,25 mm
2 Steel ladders 200 mm, t = 1,00 mm
4 Perforated steel tray 500 mm, t = 1,5 mm
5 Unperforated steel tray 500 mm, t = 1,5 mm
7 Steel rod 20 mm welded to bracket and tray (unexposed side)
9 Steel bracket 500 mm length
10 H-studs (80 40 5) mm
16 Ballast (steel plate - see Figure B.7)
20 Lightweight partition (metal stud construction with no connection between supporting construction and H-studs/10)
22 Furnace frame
23 Expansion head
a Exposed face
b Unexposed face

Figure B.6 Test arrangement for lightweight partitions

33
Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNIEDIL STRUTTURE edizione 2006-1 .
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EN 1366-3: 2004 (E)

Dimensions in millimetres

Figure B.7 Ballast steel plate

Steel weights
5 kg 2,5 kg 1 kg

a 40 50 20 25 8 10

b 100 100 100 100 100 100


c 165 128 165 128 165 128

34
Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNIEDIL STRUTTURE edizione 2006-1 .
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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

Annex C
(normative)

Standard configuration and field of direct application for


penetration seals for pipes

C.1 Standard configuration for penetration seals for metal pipes


C.1.1 Pipe specifications shall be based on outside diameter with appropriate tolerances,
because this controls the space to be filled by the sealing medium.

C.1.2 The configuration for assessing penetration seals shall be as shown in Figure C.1. The
pipes shall be supported. Dimensions a1 to a6 shall be selected by the sponsor and shall give
information on the maximum and minimum gap filling potential for practical applications of the sealing
method adopted.

NOTE With respect to the selection of appropriate aperture dimensions, pipe material types and sizes, the
standard configuration has been designed so that the following information can be obtained from the test:

maximum unsupported span of seal within the penetrated apertures (measured vertically in elevation);

maximum area of an un-penetrated aperture (measured vertically in elevation);

ability of the seal material to maintain the fire resistance of an aperture when the aperture edges are
non-linear or non-parallel (by means of the inclusion of the radiused part);

minimum amount of seal material required or how the performance of the seal material is affected when
used in small quantities at the interface of hot surfaces (e.g. when being used to seal small gaps
between metallic pipes or between the pipe wall and the supporting construction);

how variation in pipe geometry affects the integrity and insulation performance (i.e. fire resistance) of the
seal;

how the fire resistance is affected by pipes that are grouped closely together.

The diameters and wall thicknesses of the pipes shall be accurately recorded.

The pipes and apertures shall be sized so that the unsupported span of seal between the pipe and the
corner of the aperture of specimen 2, 3, 4 and 5 do not exceed X of specimen 1 (see Figure C.1). The
minimum width of seal between the pipe circumference and the aperture edge shall be recorded.

35
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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

C.1.3 Specimen 1

In specimen 1, values of a1 and R shall be selected in order to determine:

maximum unsupported span of seal within penetrated apertures;


0.5
maximum span, X = (a1*2 ) R

maximum area of an un-penetrated aperture;


2 2
maximum area, A = a1 - (R /4)

ability of the seal material to maintain the fire resistance of an aperture when the aperture edges
are non-linear and/or non-parallel (by means of the inclusion of the radiused part).

NOTE In certain instances it may not be necessary to include the radiused part. For example, the physical
nature of the seal material can mean that such discontinuities are not a problem or that the intended field of
application for the product does not include apertures of an irregular shape. In such cases R can be set to zero.

C.1.4 Specimens 2, 3, 4 and 5

The standard configuration shall comprise the following (see Figure C.1):

Steel pipes: large diameter in specimen 4


medium diameter in specimen 2
2 smaller diameter in specimen 5.

Copper pipes: large diameter in specimen 3


2 smaller diameter in specimen 5.

The pipes and apertures shall be sized so that the unsupported span of seal (in elevation) between
the pipe and the corner of the aperture does not exceed X as chosen in specimen 1. The minimum
width of seal between the pipe circumference and the aperture wall shall be recorded.

The diameters and wall thicknesses of the pipes shall be accurately recorded.

The proximity of the pipes in specimen 5 shall be determined by the sponsor.

C.2 Non-standard configurations


A non-standard configuration shall comprise:

each type of pipe material envisaged;

minimum outside pipe diameter envisaged, together with the minimum pipe wall thickness;

maximum inside pipe diameter envisaged, together with the minimum and maximum pipe wall
thickness;

where appropriate, blank penetration seals.

36
Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNIEDIL STRUTTURE edizione 2006-1 .
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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

C.3 Direct field of application


C.3.1 Where non-standard configurations were used, results of tests on pipes shall apply only to
pipes of the material which is tested and the range of diameters and wall thicknesses tested. For an
interpolation in pipe diameter and/or thickness of the pipe, the lowest integrity/insulation result within
the interpolation range shall be used.

C.3.2 Where the standard configuration was used, the results obtained using steel and copper
pipes shall not be applied to metals with a melting point of less than 1000 C, such as brass and
aluminium.

C.3.3 For applications where the required integrity performance is lower than the result of the tests,
the maximum span X and the maximum area A can be extrapolated by using a multiplication factor
0,5
(FRtest / FRrequired) :

0,5
X extrapolated = X tested x (FRtest / FRrequired)
0,5
A extrapolated = A tested x (FRtest / FRrequired)

where,

FRtest = Integrity performance of specimen 1 in the test [minutes];


FRrequired = Integrity performance required by the application [minutes],

but only for cases where FRtest > FRrequired.

37
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EN 1366-3:2004 (E)

Dimensions in millimetres

1 2

a
4
5

Key
2
a Minimum 1000 mm (having a minimum exposed area of 1 m )
a1 to a6 Dimensions of test specimens

R see C.1.3

X maximum unsupported span, see C.1.3

1-5 Specimen references

Figure C.1 Standard configuration for testing sealing materials for use with metallic pipes

38
Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNIEDIL STRUTTURE edizione 2006-1 .
E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.
Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNIEDIL STRUTTURE edizione 2006-1 .
E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

UNI
Ente Nazionale Italiano Riproduzione vietata - Legge 22 aprile 1941 N 633 e successivi aggiornamenti.
di Unicazione
Via Battistotti Sassi, 11B
20133 Milano, Italia