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Class VII IMO

Past Year Paper 2010 - Solutions

IMO SOF INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS OLYMPIAD Past Year Paper - 2010

Time: 1 hour

Total Marks: 50

Solutions

SECTION I: LOGICAL REASONING

1.
B
The top row of the display to be made has 1 can, the second row has 2 cans, and the
third row has three cans and so on.
There are 7 rows in all.
So, the total number of cans needed to make the display is 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 =
28.
Hence, Rohan needs 28 cans to make the required display.
2.
D
The possible combinations of the 8 girls in the dance class such that each girl needs
one dance partner can be shown as follows:
3.
B
The guests in the awards dinner will be seated in the order of student, teacher,
parent in a repeating pattern around a circular table for 30.
Let S stand for student, T for teacher and P for parent.
The order of the guests will be as follows:
S
T
P
S
T
P
S
T
P
S
T
P
S
T
P
S
T
P
S
T
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Hence, the 20 th guest will be a teacher.
4.
D

To find the number of notebook papers left after the school year was over, we need to subtract the number of notebook papers used by Rahul from the total number of notebook papers he had bought. We know that he used 20 notebook papers each week.

Class VII IMO

Past Year Paper 2010 - Solutions

We have to find the total number of notebook papers he used in the school year for which we need to know the number of weeks in the school year. Hence, the information which is missing to find the approximate number of notebook papers Rahul had left after the school year was over is the total number weeks in the school year.

5. B Translation means moving a shape without resizing or rotating it. When a figure is translated, all its points move equal distances in the same direction. Hence, the following figure shows translation:

6. C The following solid is best represented by the given top view, front view and side view.

7. B

 Round Number of Teams Competing Number of Teams Remaining 1 st 64 32 2 nd 32 16 3 rd 16 8 4 th 8 4 5 th 4 2

It can be seen that at the end of the 5 th round only 2 teams will be remaining, assuming that there are no ties.

8. A It can be seen from the given graph that on Monday, Samira received exactly 60 messages.

9. B Priyanka is taller than Shikha and shorter than Sneha.

Class VII IMO

Past Year Paper 2010 - Solutions

Sneha’s height > Priyanka’s height > Shikha’s height

Sneha is shorter than Yogita.

Yogita’s height > Sneha’s height > Priyanka’s height > Shikha’s height Hence, Shikha is the shortest among the given girls.

10. C From the given information, we know that the air temperature of the days when the pool was closed is 68°F, 73°F and 75°F. Also, the air temperature of the days when the pool was open is 82°F, 87°F and 92°F. Thus, we can conclude that the air temperature must be higher than 75°F for the pool to be open.

11. D Cost of child ticket = ` 10 Cost of youth ticket = ` 15 Cost of adult ticket = ` 20 Total amount Nick’s family paid for the tickets = ` 80 They purchased 2 adult tickets which cost them 2 ` 20 = ` 40 Money left with them = ` 80 − ` 40 = ` 40 From the given options, they can purchase 2 youth tickets and 1 child ticket with the remaining ` 40.

12. B The finishing point is to the North-East of the starting point. To find the distance between the starting point and the finishing point, we have to use the Pythagoras theorem.

2
2
3
 4
9
16
25
 5 km

Hence, Kishan is 5 km in the North- East direction to his starting point.

Class VII IMO

Past Year Paper 2010 - Solutions

 13. A Rhombus is a type of quadrilateral which is a type of polygon. Hence, the diagram which best describes the classes, Rhombus, Quadrilateral and Polygon is: 14. D The word SELFRIGHTEOUSNESS has 17 letters. When it is written in the reverse order, the position of the centre-most letter doesn’t change. The letter at the 9 th position, which is the central position, is T. Hence, when the given word is reversed, the position of T will remain unchanged. 15. A A means + B means – C means ÷ D means  18 A 12 C 6 D 2 B 5 = 18 + 12 ÷ 6  2 – 5 = 18 + 2  2 – 5 = 18 + 4 – 5 = 22 – 5 = 17 18 A 12 C 6 D 2 B 5 equals 17. 16. C The shepherd had 17 sheep. All but nine died. This means only nine sheep were left with him. 17. D

There are 4 rectangles which are composed of a single rectangle. There are 4 rectangles which are composed of a two rectangles. There is 1 rectangle which is composed of 4 rectangles. Hence, there are a total of 4 + 4 + 1 = 9 rectangles in the given figure.

Class VII IMO

Past Year Paper 2010 - Solutions

18. C

19. B

A minimum of 2 colours are required to colour a cube such that no opposite faces

have the same colour.

20. C The difference between all other options except 49 42 is 8. Hence, the odd man out is 49 − 42.

SECTION II: MATHEMATICAL REASONING

21. C Amit made 14 tick marks. Each tick mark represents 5 people Total people represented by the tick marks = 14 5 He saw 2 more people after his last tick mark. Hence, the total number of people he saw (p) can be represented as 14 5 + 2.

22. C The angles of a scalene triangle have three different measures. Hence, the given triangle is a scalene triangle.

23. C 5 + 5(9 ÷ 3) 2

= 5 + 5(3) 2

= 5 + 5(9)

= 5 + 45

= 50

24. C TQ = WX = 17 km

The corresponding parts of the two given congruent figures is

25. A

TQ WX

If any one angle of a triangle is an obtuse angle, it is called an obtuse angles triangle.

If any two sides of a triangle are equal in length, then the triangle is an isosceles

triangle.

Class VII IMO

Past Year Paper 2010 - Solutions

P and R are both obtuse angled triangles as well as isosceles triangles. Hence, P and R are obtuse isosceles triangles.

 26. D A number which ends with 0 is divisible by 10. Hence, if the missing digit is 0, then the given statement will be true. 27. A 3 3  10 6 30 6 = = = 5 5  10 5  10 10 = 0.6 28. B 1 All the given fractions are equivalent to 2 . Hence, the denominator of each given fraction is twice its numerator. 29. B Factors of 36 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36 Factors of 48 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24, 48 Common Factors of 36 and 48 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12 30. D Figure X has 10 vertices. 31. A If the sum of two angles is 90°, the given pair of angles is complementary. ∠RXS and ∠TXU are not complementary angles as their sum is 120° and not 90°. 32. B

The triangular piece of stained glass is an isosceles triangle as the two sides of the triangle are equal. Also, the two opposite angles are equal, each measuring 35°.

Hence, the measure of the third angle of the triangle will be 110°. This means the triangle is also an obtuse angled triangle. Hence, the triangular piece of stained glass installed by Mr. Raghav is an obtuse isosceles triangle.

Class VII IMO

Past Year Paper 2010 - Solutions

33.

A

1

2

=

3

6 which can be represented as follows:

3 2 which can be represented as follows:

=

4

6

Hence,

1

2

3 2

=

6 3

6 4

will be represented as:

34. D

Area of a reactangle = w l Perimeter of a rectangle = 2(w + l) Area (A) = 36 metres and Perimeter (P) = 26 metres

If w = 2 m and l = 18 m,

 A = 2  18 = 36 square metres P = 2(2 + 18) = 40 metres

If w = 3 m and l = 12 m,

 A = 3  12 = 36 square metres P = 2(3 + 12) = 30 metres

If w = 6 m and l = 6 m,

 A = 6  6 = 36 square metres P = 2(6 + 6) = 24 metres

If w = 4 m and l = 9 m,

 A = 4  9 = 36 square metres P = 2(4 + 9) = 26 metres

Hence, the width and length of the tabletop of area 36 square metres and perimeter

26 metres is 4 m and 9 m respectively.

Class VII IMO

Past Year Paper 2010 - Solutions

35. C The range of the given data gives us an idea of the spread of the observations. The range can be found out by subtracting the lowest observation from the highest observation

36. A For positive integers, the bigger the number, higher is its value. However, for negative numbers, we have to remember that as the digit gets bigger, its value decreases. Hence, the correct ascending order of the given integers will be as follows:

−42, −39, −4, 40, 41

37. C When the factors of a number are 1 and the number itself, the a number is called a prime number. The factors of 24 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24. The prime factors of 24 are 2 and 3. Hence, 24 is not a prime number. Also, 6 and 12 are not a prime factor of the number 24.

A composite number is a number which has at least one factor other than one or the number itself. The numbers 24, 12 and 6 are composite. Hence, the only true statement of the given options is – ‘The numbers 24, 12 and 6 are composite.

38. D

10 m 10 n = 10 m + n

Hence, 8 4 8 6 = 8 4+6 = 8 2

39. C We need to find the length of AC. Using Pythagoras theorem, AC 2 + BC 2 = AB 2 AC 2 = AB 2 BC 2 AC 2 = 13 2 5 2 AC 2 = 169 25 AC 2 = 144 AC = 12 m Hence, the ladder reaches a height of 12 m of the building.

Class VII IMO

Past Year Paper 2010 - Solutions

 40. B Simplifying 5 + 2(6 + 4) − 2 3 using BODMAS, 5 + 2(6 + 4) − 2 3 5 + 2(10) − 2 3 ………………………Step 1 = 5 + 20 − 2 3 …………………………Step 2 = = 25 − 2 3 ……………………………… Step 3 = 25 – 8………………………………… Step 4 = 17……………………………………….Step 5 Hence, the first mistake appeared in step 2. SECTION III: EVERYDAY MATHEMATICS 41. D Time needed to pack one large box = 10 minutes Time needed to pack one small box = 4 minutes Time needed to pack 10 large boxes = 10  10 minutes = 100 minutes = 1 hr 40 min Time needed to pack 20 small boxes = 20  4 minutes = 80 minutes = 1 hr 20 min Total time needed to pack 10 large boxes and 20 small boxes = 3 hours Amount of time remaining before closing time to pack the boxes = 2.5 hours Hence, Mr. X will not have time to finish the work before closing time as he needs 3 hours to finish the work. 42. A Tarana has 4 old coins W, X, Y, and Z. Value of Coin Y = ` 2 Value of Coin Z = 3Y = 3  2 = ` 6 Value of Coin X = 4Y = 4  2 = ` 8 Also, W + X + Y + Z = ` 30 So, W + 8 + 2 + 6 = 30 W + 16 = 30 W = 30 – 16 W = ` 14 The value of coin W is ` 14. 43. C

Number of flashlights which Machine 1 (M1) can make in 1 hour = 150 Number of flashlights which Machine 2 (M2) can make in 1 hour = 135

Number of flashlights which M1 can make in 8 hours = t1 = 150 8 Number of flashlights which M2 can make in 8 hours = t2 = 135 8

Class VII IMO

Past Year Paper 2010 - Solutions

Total number of flashlights which both M1 and M2 can make in 8 hours = t

 t = t1 + t2 t = 150  8 + 135  8 t = (150 + 135)8

44. D Total length of all songs on the CD = 80 minutes Each song duration = 4 minutes to 6 minutes

Average duration of each song = 4

6

10 2

2

=

= 5 minutes

Average number of songs in the CD = 80 = 16 songs

5

Hence, there could be 16 songs on the CD which Mohammad bought.

45. D

Material required for larger costume = m =

1

4 4 metres

Material required for smaller costume = n = m

 1 3 Hence, n = 4  metres 4 4

3

4 metres =

4 1 4

3 4

metres

46. C Amount of time Arun takes to complete a 100 m race = 20 seconds Amount of time Arun takes to complete a 400 m race = 4 20 = 80 seconds Hence, if Arun competes in a 400 m race, it will take him 80 seconds to run the race.

47. D

Percentage of change = Final

Initial

Initial

100

Percentage of change when-

A tree grew from 6 feet to 12 feet in 1 year

=

12 6

6

100 =

6 6

100 = 100%

An aquarium that was originally priced at ` 80 is now ` 140

 140  80 60 =  100 =  100 = 75% 80 80

A person whose salary was ` 1000 per week is now earning ` 1200 per week.

 1200  1000 200 =  100 =  100 = 20% 1000 1000

Class VII IMO

Past Year Paper 2010 - Solutions

A baby who weighed 7 pounds at birth now weighs 16 pounds.

 = 16  7  100 = 9  100 = 128.5% 7 7

It can be seen that the greatest percent of change is represented by a baby who weighed 7 pounds at birth and who now weighs 16 pounds.

48. B Total number of questions in history homework = 40 Percentage of questions answered correctly = 75%

Number of questions answered correctly =

75

100

40 = 30

Hence, Malini answered 30 questions of her history homework correctly.

49. B Time taken to apply one coat of paint = 15 minutes Time taken to apply three coats of paint = 15 3 = 45 minutes

Time needed for one coat of paint to dry = 60 minutes Time needed for three coats of paint to dry = 60 3 = 180 minutes

Hence, the total time needed for the pottery to be completely painted and dried after 3 coats of paint = (45 + 180) = 225 minutes

50. A

Distance travelled by Isha’s toy car =

53 m

100

Distance travelled by Shivani’s toy car =

19 m

100

Difference in the distance travelled by the two toy cars =

=

=

53

19

100

34

m

100

100 53

Hence, lsha's car travelled

34 m

100

farther than Shivani's car.

100 19