Class VII IMO
Past Year Paper 2010  Solutions
IMO – SOF INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS OLYMPIAD Past Year Paper  2010
Time: 1 hour
Total Marks: 50
Solutions
SECTION I: LOGICAL REASONING
To find the number of notebook papers left after the school year was over, we need to subtract the number of notebook papers used by Rahul from the total number of notebook papers he had bought. We know that he used 20 notebook papers each week.
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Class VII IMO
Past Year Paper 2010  Solutions
We have to find the total number of notebook papers he used in the school year for which we need to know the number of weeks in the school year. Hence, the information which is missing to find the approximate number of notebook papers Rahul had left after the school year was over is the total number weeks in the school year.
5. B Translation means moving a shape without resizing or rotating it. When a figure is translated, all its points move equal distances in the same direction. Hence, the following figure shows translation:
6. C The following solid is best represented by the given top view, front view and side view.
7. B
Round 
Number of Teams Competing 
Number of Teams Remaining 

_{1} 
st 
64 
32 
_{2} 
nd 
32 
16 
_{3} 
rd 
16 
8 
_{4} 
th 
8 
4 
_{5} 
th 
4 
2 
It can be seen that at the end of the 5 th round only 2 teams will be remaining, assuming that there are no ties.
8. A It can be seen from the given graph that on Monday, Samira received exactly 60 messages.
9. B Priyanka is taller than Shikha and shorter than Sneha.
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Class VII IMO
Past Year Paper 2010  Solutions
∴ Sneha’s height > Priyanka’s height > Shikha’s height
Sneha is shorter than Yogita.
∴ Yogita’s height > Sneha’s height > Priyanka’s height > Shikha’s height Hence, Shikha is the shortest among the given girls.
10. C From the given information, we know that the air temperature of the days when the pool was closed is 68°F, 73°F and 75°F. Also, the air temperature of the days when the pool was open is 82°F, 87°F and 92°F. Thus, we can conclude that the air temperature must be higher than 75°F for the pool to be open.
11. D Cost of child ticket = ` 10 Cost of youth ticket = ` 15 Cost of adult ticket = ` 20 Total amount Nick’s family paid for the tickets = ` 80 They purchased 2 adult tickets which cost them 2 ` 20 = ` 40 Money left with them = ` 80 − ` 40 = ` 40 From the given options, they can purchase 2 youth tickets and 1 child ticket with the remaining ` 40.
12. B The finishing point is to the NorthEast of the starting point. To find the distance between the starting point and the finishing point, we have to use the Pythagoras theorem.
Hence, Kishan is 5 km in the North East direction to his starting point.
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Class VII IMO
Past Year Paper 2010  Solutions
13. 
A 

Rhombus is a type of quadrilateral which is a type of polygon. Hence, the diagram which best describes the classes, Rhombus, Quadrilateral and Polygon is: 



14. 
D 

The word SELFRIGHTEOUSNESS has 17 letters. When it is written in the reverse order, the position of the centremost letter doesn’t change. The letter at the 9 th position, which is the central position, is T. Hence, when the given word is reversed, the position of T will remain unchanged. 

15. 
A 

A 
means + 

B 
means – 

C 
means ÷ 

D 
means 

18 
A 12 C 6 D 2 B 5 

= 18 + 12 ÷ 6 2 – 5 

= 18 + 2 2 – 5 

= 18 + 4 – 5 

= 22 – 5 

= 17 

18 
A 12 C 6 D 2 B 5 equals 17. 

16. 
C 

The shepherd had 17 sheep. All but nine died. This means only nine sheep were left with him. 

17. 
D 
There are 4 rectangles which are composed of a single rectangle. There are 4 rectangles which are composed of a two rectangles. There is 1 rectangle which is composed of 4 rectangles. Hence, there are a total of 4 + 4 + 1 = 9 rectangles in the given figure.
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Class VII IMO
Past Year Paper 2010  Solutions
18. C
19. B
A minimum of 2 colours are required to colour a cube such that no opposite faces
have the same colour.
20. C The difference between all other options except 49 – 42 is 8. Hence, the odd man out is 49 − 42.
SECTION II: MATHEMATICAL REASONING
21. C Amit made 14 tick marks. Each tick mark represents 5 people Total people represented by the tick marks = 14 5 He saw 2 more people after his last tick mark. Hence, the total number of people he saw (p) can be represented as 14 5 + 2.
22. C The angles of a scalene triangle have three different measures. Hence, the given triangle is a scalene triangle.
23. C 5 + 5(9 ÷ 3) 2
= 5 + 5(3) 2
= 5 + 5(9)
= 5 + 45
= 50
24. C TQ = WX = 17 km
The corresponding parts of the two given congruent figures is
25. A
_{T}_{Q} _{} _{W}_{X}
If any one angle of a triangle is an obtuse angle, it is called an obtuse angles triangle.
If any two sides of a triangle are equal in length, then the triangle is an isosceles
triangle.
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Class VII IMO
Past Year Paper 2010  Solutions
P and R are both obtuse angled triangles as well as isosceles triangles. Hence, P and R are obtuse isosceles triangles.
26. 
D 

A 
number which ends with 0 is divisible by 10. 

Hence, if 
the 
missing 
digit 
is 
0, 
then 
the 
given 
statement 
will 
be 
true. 

27. 
A 

3
3
10
6
30
6
=
=
=
5
5
10
5
10
10

= 0.6 

28. 
B 

1 

All the given fractions are equivalent to 
2 ^{.} 

Hence, the denominator of each given fraction is twice its numerator. 

29. 
B 

Factors of 36 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36 Factors of 48 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24, 48 Common Factors of 36 and 48 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12 

30. 
D 

Figure X has 10 vertices. 

31. 
A 

If 
the sum of two angles is 90°, the given pair of angles is complementary. 

∠RXS and ∠TXU are not complementary angles as their sum is 120° and not 90°. 

32. 
B 
The triangular piece of stained glass is an isosceles triangle as the two sides of the triangle are equal. Also, the two opposite angles are equal, each measuring 35°.
Hence, the measure of the third angle of the triangle will be 110°. This means the triangle is also an obtuse angled triangle. Hence, the triangular piece of stained glass installed by Mr. Raghav is an obtuse isosceles triangle.
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Class VII IMO
Past Year Paper 2010  Solutions
33.
A
1
2
=
3
6 which can be represented as follows:
3 2 which can be represented as follows:
=
4
6
Hence,
1
2
3 2
=
6 3
6 4
will be represented as:
34. D
Area of a reactangle = w l Perimeter of a rectangle = 2(w + l) Area (A) = 36 metres and Perimeter (P) = 26 metres
If w = 2 m and l = 18 m,
A 
= 2 18 = 36 square metres 
P 
= 2(2 + 18) = 40 metres 
If w = 3 m and l = 12 m,
A 
= 3 12 = 36 square metres 
P 
= 2(3 + 12) = 30 metres 
If w = 6 m and l = 6 m,
A 
= 6 6 = 36 square metres 
P 
= 2(6 + 6) = 24 metres 
If w = 4 m and l = 9 m,
A 
= 4 9 = 36 square metres 
P 
= 2(4 + 9) = 26 metres 
Hence, the width and length of the tabletop of area 36 square metres and perimeter
26 metres is 4 m and 9 m respectively.
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Class VII IMO
Past Year Paper 2010  Solutions
35. C The range of the given data gives us an idea of the spread of the observations. The range can be found out by subtracting the lowest observation from the highest observation
36. A For positive integers, the bigger the number, higher is its value. However, for negative numbers, we have to remember that as the digit gets bigger, its value decreases. Hence, the correct ascending order of the given integers will be as follows:
−42, −39, −4, 40, 41
37. C When the factors of a number are 1 and the number itself, the a number is called a prime number. The factors of 24 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24. The prime factors of 24 are 2 and 3. Hence, 24 is not a prime number. Also, 6 and 12 are not a prime factor of the number 24.
A composite number is a number which has at least one factor other than one or the number itself. The numbers 24, 12 and 6 are composite. Hence, the only true statement of the given options is – ‘The numbers 24, 12 and 6 are composite.’
38. D
10 ^{m} 10 ^{n} = 10 ^{m} ^{+} ^{n}
Hence, 8 ^{−}^{4} 8 ^{6} = 8 ^{−}^{4}^{+}^{6} = 8 ^{2}
39. C We need to find the length of AC. Using Pythagoras theorem, AC 2 + BC 2 = AB 2 AC 2 = AB 2 − BC 2 AC 2 = 13 2 − 5 2 AC 2 = 169 – 25 AC 2 = 144 AC = 12 m Hence, the ladder reaches a height of 12 m of the building.
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Class VII IMO
Past Year Paper 2010  Solutions
40. 
B 

Simplifying 5 + 2(6 + 4) − 2 3 using BODMAS, 5 + 2(6 + 4) − 2 3 

5 + 2(10) − 2 3 ………………………Step 1 = 5 + 20 − 2 3 …………………………Step 2 = 

= 25 − 2 3 ……………………………… Step 
3 

= 25 – 8………………………………… Step 
4 

= 17……………………………………….Step 5 

Hence, the first mistake appeared in step 2. 

SECTION III: EVERYDAY MATHEMATICS 

41. 
D 

Time needed to pack one large box = 10 minutes Time needed to pack one small box = 4 minutes Time needed to pack 10 large boxes = 10 10 minutes = 100 minutes = 1 hr 40 min Time needed to pack 20 small boxes = 20 4 minutes = 80 minutes = 1 hr 20 min Total time needed to pack 10 large boxes and 20 small boxes = 3 hours Amount of time remaining before closing time to pack the boxes = 2.5 hours Hence, Mr. X will not have time to finish the work before closing time as he needs 3 hours to finish the work. 

42. 
A 

Tarana has 4 old coins W, X, Y, and Z. Value of Coin Y = ` 2 

Value of Coin Z = 3Y = 3 2 = ` 6 

Value of Coin X = 4Y = 4 2 = ` 8 Also, W + X + Y + Z = ` 30 So, W + 8 + 2 + 6 = 30 

W 
+ 16 = 30 

W 
= 30 – 16 

W 
= ` 14 

The value of coin W is ` 14. 

43. 
C 
Number of flashlights which Machine 1 (M1) can make in 1 hour = 150 Number of flashlights which Machine 2 (M2) can make in 1 hour = 135
Number of flashlights which M1 can make in 8 hours = t1 = 150 8 Number of flashlights which M2 can make in 8 hours = t2 = 135 8
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Class VII IMO
Past Year Paper 2010  Solutions
Total number of flashlights which both M1 and M2 can make in 8 hours = t
t 
= t1 + t2 
t 
= 150 8 + 135 8 
t 
= (150 + 135)8 
44. D Total length of all songs on the CD = 80 minutes Each song duration = 4 minutes to 6 minutes
Average duration of each song = ^{4}
^{6}
^{1}^{0} 2
2
=
= 5 minutes
Average number of songs in the CD = ^{8}^{0} _{=} _{1}_{6} _{s}_{o}_{n}_{g}_{s}
5
Hence, there could be 16 songs on the CD which Mohammad bought.
45. D
Material required for larger costume = m =
1
_{4} 4 metres
Material required for smaller costume = n = m −
1 
3 

Hence, n = 4 

metres 

4 
4 
3
4 metres =
^{4} 1 4
_{}
3 4
metres
46. C Amount of time Arun takes to complete a 100 m race = 20 seconds Amount of time Arun takes to complete a 400 m race = 4 20 = 80 seconds Hence, if Arun competes in a 400 m race, it will take him 80 seconds to run the race.
47. D
Percentage of change = ^{F}^{i}^{n}^{a}^{l}
^{I}^{n}^{i}^{t}^{i}^{a}^{l}
Initial
100
Percentage of change when
A tree grew from 6 feet to 12 feet in 1 year
=
12 6
6
100 =
6 6
100 = 100%
An aquarium that was originally priced at ` 80 is now ` 140
140 

80 
60 

= 
100 = 

100 = 75% 

80 
80 
A person whose salary was ` 1000 per week is now earning ` 1200 per week.
1200 

1000 
200 

= 
100 = 

100 = 20% 

1000 
1000 
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Class VII IMO
Past Year Paper 2010  Solutions
A baby who weighed 7 pounds at birth now weighs 16 pounds.
= 
16 

7 

100 = 
9 

100 = 128.5% 
7 
7 
It can be seen that the greatest percent of change is represented by a baby who weighed 7 pounds at birth and who now weighs 16 pounds.
48. B Total number of questions in history homework = 40 Percentage of questions answered correctly = 75%
Number of questions answered correctly =
75
100 ^{}
40 = 30
Hence, Malini answered 30 questions of her history homework correctly.
49. B Time taken to apply one coat of paint = 15 minutes Time taken to apply three coats of paint = 15 3 = 45 minutes
Time needed for one coat of paint to dry = 60 minutes Time needed for three coats of paint to dry = 60 3 = 180 minutes
Hence, the total time needed for the pottery to be completely painted and dried after 3 coats of paint = (45 + 180) = 225 minutes
50. A
Distance travelled by Isha’s toy car =
^{5}^{3} _{m}
100
Distance travelled by Shivani’s toy car =
^{1}^{9} _{m}
100
Difference in the distance travelled by the two toy cars =
^{=}
=
53
19
100
34
m
100
100 ^{5}^{3}
Hence, lsha's car travelled
^{3}^{4} _{m}
100
farther than Shivani's car.
100 ^{1}^{9}
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