WARDAYA COLLEGE – DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS
PELATIHAN AMC 10 & 12
SABTU, 11 FEBRUARI 2017
1. What is the value of
Jawab : Factorizing the numerator,
to
which is
then becomes
which is equal
Jawab :
which is
3. Let
. What is the value of
?
Jawab : Substituting carefully,
4. Zoey read books, one at a time. The first book took her day to read, the second book took her days to read, the third book took her days to read, and so on, with each book taking her more day to read than the previous book. Zoey finished the
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first book on a Monday, and the second on a Wednesday. On what day the week did
she finish her
th book?
Jawab : The process took
last day was
been the same day of the week, so the answer is
is divisible by
days, so the
, both must have
days after the first day. Since
5. The mean age of Amanda's
cousins is
, and their median age is
. What is the sum
of the ages of Amanda's youngest and oldest cousins?
Jawab : The sum of the ages of the cousins is
an even number of cousins, so there is no single median, so
of the two in the middle. Therefore the sum of the ages of the two in the middle is
times the mean, or
. There are
must be the median
Subtracting from produces .
6. Laura added two threedigit positive integers. All six digits in these numbers are
different. Laura's sum is a threedigit number . What is the smallest possible value
for the sum of the digits of ?
Jawab : Let the two threedigit numbers she added
be and with 

be at least 
and 
. The hundreds digits of these numbers must .
Say need many solutions, but
that
is attainable.
; then we just
having different digits which aren't
or
.There are
7. The ratio of the measures of two acute angles is
, and the complement of one of
these two angles is twice as large as the complement of the other. What is the sum of
the degree measures of the two angles?
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WARDAYA COLLEGE – DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS
Jawab : We can set up a system of equations where
are the two acute
angles. WLOG, assume that
than the complement of
for
in order for the complement of 
to be greater 

. Therefore, 
and 
. Solving 
in the first equation and substituting into the second equation yields
Substituting this
leaving
value back into the first equation yields
equal to
8. What is the tens digit of
is congruent
when
is odd. (Check for
So the answer is
Jawab 
: 

The 
area 
of 
the triangle 
is 
,


so
,
giving a total 
distance across the top of 
,
which is 

answer 
.

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WARDAYA COLLEGE – DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS
10. A thin piece of wood of uniform density in the shape of an equilateral triangle with side
length inches weighs ounces. A second piece of the same type of wood, with the
same thickness, also in the shape of an equilateral triangle, has side length
of inches. Which of the following is closest to the weight, in ounces, of the second
piece?
Jawab : We can solve this problem by using similar triangles, since two equilateral triangles are always similar. We can then use
We can then solve the equation to get
which is closest to
11. Carl decided to fence in his rectangular garden. He bought fence posts, placed one
on each of the four corners, and spaced out the rest evenly along the edges of the
garden, leaving exactly yards between neighboring posts. The longer side of his
garden, including the corners, has twice as many posts as the shorter side, including
the corners. What is the area, in square yards, of Carl’s garden?
Jawab : To do this problem, we have to draw a rectangle. We also have to keep track
of the fence posts. Putting a post on each corner leaves us with only posts. Now
there are twice as many posts on the longer side then the shorter side. From this we
can see that we can put posts on the longer side and posts on the shorter side.
On the shorter side, we have spaces between the posts. On the longer side, we
have 7 spaces between the 8 fence posts. There are yards between each post.
Therefore, the answer is
12. Two different numbers are selected at random from
and multiplied
together. What is the probability that the product is even?
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WARDAYA COLLEGE – DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS
Jawab : The product will be even if at least one selected number is even, and odd if
none are. Using complementary counting, the chance that both numbers are odd
is
, so the answer is
which is
13. At Megapolis Hospital one year, multiplebirth statistics were as follows: Sets of twins,
triplets, and quadruplets accounted for of the babies born. There were four times
as many sets of triplets as sets of quadruplets, and there was three times as many
sets of twins as sets of triplets. How many of these babies were in sets of
quadruplets?
Jawab : We can set up a system of equations where
is the sets of twins,
is the
sets of triplets, and is the sets of quadruplets.
Solving for and in the second and third equations and substituting into the first
equation yields
Since we are trying to find the number of babies and NOT the number of sets of, the solution is not , but rather . Therefore, we strategically use the second initial equation to realize that , leaving us with the number of babies born as
quadruplets equal to
14. How many squares whose sides are parallel to the axes and whose vertices have
coordinates that are integers lie entirely within the region bounded by the line
, the line
and the line
Jawab : The vertical line is just to the right of , the horizontal line is just , and the sloped line will always be above the value of . This means they will always miss being on a coordinate with integer coordinates so you just have to count the number of squares to the left, above, and under these lines. After counting the number of 1x1, 2x2, 3x3, squares and getting 30, 15, and 5 respectively, and we end
up with
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15. All the numbers
are written in a array of squares, one
number in each square, in such a way that if two numbers are consecutive then they
occupy squares that share an edge. The numbers in the four corners add up to . What is the number in the center?
Jawab : Consecutive numbers share an edge. That means that it is possible to walk
by single steps north, south, east, or west. Consequently, the squares in
from to
the diagram with different shades have different parity:
But there are only four even numbers in the set, so the five darker squares must contain the odd numbers, which sum to . Therefore if the sum of the numbers in the corners is , the number in the centre must be , which is
answer
16. The sum of an infinite geometric series is a positive number
in the series is
. What is the smallest possible value of
, and the second term
.
The first term has to be
, so then in order to minimize the sum, we have minimize
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WARDAYA COLLEGE – DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS
The smallest possible value for
such that it is an integer that's greater than
is
So our first term is
Solution 2 by No_One
and our common ratio is
. Thus the sum is
or
17. All the numbers are assigned to the six faces of a cube, one number to
each face. For each of the eight vertices of the cube, a product of three numbers is
computed, where the three numbers are the numbers assigned to the three faces that
include that vertex. What is the greatest possible value of the sum of these eight
products?
Jawab : We first find the factorization
Solution1.By using AMGM, we
using the method in
get,
. To maximize, the
factorization, we get the answer is
18. In how many ways can
be written as the sum of an increasing sequence of two or
more consecutive positive integers?
Jawab : Factor
. Suppose we take an odd number
of consecutive
integers, centered on
of 
, the possible values of 

are 
on 
respectively. 
. Looking at the factors
centred
Suppose instead we take an even number
of consecutive integers, centred
. Looking again at the
factors of
on
, the possible values of
centred
are
respectively.
Thus the answer is
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WARDAYA COLLEGE – DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS
20. A dilation of the plane—that is, a size transformation with a positive scale factor—
sends the circle of radius 

centered at 

to the circle of radius centered 

at 
. What distance does the origin 

, move under this transformation? 
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WARDAYA COLLEGE – DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS
Jawab : The center of dilation must lie on the line , which can be 

expressed 
. Also, the ratio of dilation must be equal to , which is the 

ratio of the radii of the circles. Thus, we are looking for a point such that (for the coordinates), and . Solving 

these, we get and 

. This means that any point on the plane 

will dilate to the point 
, which means that the 

point dilates to . Thus, the origin 

moves units. 

21. What is the area 
of the 
region enclosed 
by the graph 
of 
the 

equation 
Jawab : WLOG note that if a point in the first quadrant satisfies the equation, so do its corresponding points in the other three quadrants. Therefore, we can assume
that
We can rearrange the equation to
get
circle with center four circles with overlap.
, which implies that
and
, and multiply by
at the end.
and radius
, which describes a
It's clear we now want to find the union of
note that if you connect
There are several ways to find the area, but to its other three respective points in the other three
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quadrants, you get a square of area
for a total area of
, along with four halfcircles of diameter
which is
22. A set of teams held a roundrobin tournament in which every team played every other
games; there were no ties.
team exactly once. Every team won
games and lost
How many sets of three teams
were there in which
beat
beat ,
and beat
sets of three teams must
Jawab : There are
either be a fork (in which one team beat both the others) or a cycle:
teams. Any of the
But we know that every team beat
exactly
always exactly
and all the rest must be cycles.
choices for
other teams, so for each possible
and
at the head of a fork, there are
. Therefore there are
forks,
Thus the answer is
which is
23. In regular hexagon
, points
, and
are chosen on sides
, and
respectively, so lines
, and
are parallel and
to the area of
,
equally spaced. What is the ratio of the area of hexagon
hexagon
?
Jawab :
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WARDAYA COLLEGE – DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS
First, like in the first solution, split the large hexagon into 6 equilateral triangles. Each
equilateral triangle can be split into three rows of smaller equilateral triangles. The first
row will have one triangle, the second three, the third five. Once you have drawn these
lines, it's just a matter of counting triangles. There are small triangles in
hexagon , and small triangles in the whole hexagon.
Thus, the answer is
24. How many fourdigit integers
digit integers
number is
, where
, have the property that the three two
form an increasing arithmetic sequence? One such
, with
, and
Jawab : The numbers are
zero, and that
and
. Note that only
can be
To form the sequence, we need This can be rearranged as
hand side is a multiple of
of
cases:
Case 1
If
If
If
for
, then
, then
, then
. This gives
. This gives
, giving
. There is no solution
. Added together, this gives us
answers for Case 1.
Case 2
This means that the digits themselves are in arithmetic sequence. This gives
two cases together, we find the answer to be
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WARDAYA COLLEGE – DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS
Jawab : Since
, we have
The function can then be simplified into
which becomes
can equal integers from 0 to k1.
We can see that for each value of k,
Clearly, the value of
changes only when x is equal to any of the
fractions
So we want to count how many distinct fractions have the form
where
where
We can find this easily by computing
Function. Basically
(after simplification). This comes out to be
Because the value of
of
is the Euler Totient
counts the number of fractions with
as its denominator
is at least 0 and can increase 31 times, there are a total
different possible values of
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