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# Institute of Engineering

Pashchimanchal Campus
Lamachaur, Pokhara
Assessment I (Set A)

## Subject: Theory of Mechanism & Machine-II

Attempt all questions:
1. Derive expression for velocity & acceleration of the piston of a slider crank mechanism.
2. Explain with necessary derivations how a single rotating mass on a plane can be balanced by
two masses rotating in different planes when the plane of disturbing mass lies on one end of
planes of the two balancing mass.
3. An aeroplane makes a complete half circle of 60 metres radius, towards left, when flying at
250 km per hr. The rotary engine and the propeller of the plane have a mass of 450 kg and a
radius of gyration of 0.3 m. The engine rotates at 2400 r.p.m. clockwise when viewed from the
rear. Find the gyroscopic couple on the aircraft and state its effect.
4. In a Hartnell Governor, the mass of each rotating ball is 2kg. The ball arm is 125 mm long and
the sleeve arm is 75 mm. When the ball arm is vertical, the radius of rotation is 100 mm and
the equilibrium speed is 250 rpm. An increase of 8 % in speed results in sleeve movement of
12 mm. Determine the stiffness of the spring and the initial spring load.
5. A steam engine runs at 150 r.p.m. Its turning moment diagram gave the following area
measurements in mm2 taken in order above and below the mean torque line: 500, 250, 270,
390, 190, 340, 270, 250. The scale for the turning moment is 1 mm = 500 N-m, and for
crank angle is 1mm = 5. The fluctuation of speed is not to exceed 1.5% of the mean,
determine the cross-section of the rim of the flywheel assumed rectangular with axial
dimension equal to 1.5 times the radial dimension. The hoop stress is limited to 3 MPa and the
density of the material of the flywheel is 7500 kg/m3

Institute of Engineering
Pashchimanchal Campus
Lamachaur, Pokhara
Assessment I (Set B)

6. The connecting rod of a gasoline engine is 300 mm long between its centers. It has a mass of
15 kg and mass moment of inertia of 7000 kg-mm2. Its centre of gravity is at 200 mm from its
small end centre. Determine the dynamical equivalent two-mass system of the connecting rod
if one of the masses is located at the small end centre.
7. Explain with necessary derivations how a single rotating mass on a plane can be balanced by
two masses rotating in different planes when the plane of disturbing mass lies in between the
planes of the two balancing mass.
8. A multi-cylinder engine is to run at a speed of 600 r.p.m. On drawing the turning moment
diagram to a scale of 1 mm = 250 N-m and 1 mm = 3, the areas above and below the mean
torque line in mm2 are : + 160, 172, + 168, 191, + 197, 162. If the moment of inertia of
the flywheel is 32.7 kg m2, determine the coefficient of fluctuation of speed.
9. The moment of inertia of each wheel of a motorcycle is 1.5 kg m2. The rotating parts of the
engine of the motor cycle have a moment of inertia of 0.28 kg m2. The speed of the engine is
six times the speed of the wheels and is in the same direction. The mass of the motor cycle is
250 kg and its center of gravity is 0.6 m above the ground level. Find the angle of heel if the
motor cycle is travelling at 45 km/h and is taking a turn of 30 m radius. The wheel diameter is
0.6 m.
10. In a Porter governor the upper and lower arms are each 25 cm long and they are attached on
points on the governor spindle. On bottom position of the sleeve, the arms make an angle of
350 with the vertical spindle and in top position the angle is 450. If the weight of each rotating
ball is one-eighth of the central load, find the speed range of the governor.
Institute of Engineering
Pashchimanchal Campus
Lamachaur, Pokhara
Assessment I (Set C)

11. Explain with necessary derivations how a single rotating mass on a plane can be balanced by
two masses rotating in different planes when the plane of disturbing mass lies on one end of
planes of the two balancing mass.
12. If the crank and the connecting rod are 300 mm and 1 m long respectively and the crank rotates
at a constant speed of 200 r.p.m., determine:
(a) The crank angle at which the maximum velocity occurs, and
(b) Maximum velocity of the piston.
13. An aeroplane is flying at 200km/hr. It turns towards left & completes a quarter circle of 50 m
radius. The mass of the rotary engine & propeller of plane is 425 kg and has a radius of
gyration of 300mm. the engine speed is 2000rpm clockwise when seen from the tail.
Determine the gyroscopic couple & state its effect.
14. The turning moment diagram for a multicylinder engine has been drawn to a scale of 1 mm =
4500 N-m vertically and 1 mm = 2.4 horizontally. The intercepted areas between output
torque curve and mean resistance line taken in order from one end are 342, 230, 245, 303, 115,
232, 227, 164 mm2, when the engine is running at 150 r.p.m. If the mass of the flywheel is
1000 kg and the total fluctuation of speed does not exceed 3% of the mean speed, find the
minimum value of the radius of gyration.
15. A Proell governor has arms of 300 mm length. The upper arms are hinged on the axis of
rotation, whereas the lower arms are pivoted at a distance of 35 mm from the axis of rotation.
The extensions of lower arms to which the balls are attached are 100 mm long. The mass of
each ball is 8 kg and the mass on the sleeve is 60 kg. At the minimum radius of rotation of 200
mm, the extensions are parallel to the governor axis. Determine the equilibrium speed of the
governor for the given configuration. What will be the equilibrium speed for the maximum

Institute of Engineering
Pashchimanchal Campus
Lamachaur, Pokhara
Assessment I (Set A)

## Subject: Machine Design-II

Attempt all questions:
1. What is meant by optimization in mechanical engineering? What are the optimization methods
commonly used? A manufacture needs to make a cylinder that will hold 1.5 litres of liquid.
Determine the dimension of the can that will minimize the amount of material used in
construction.
2. What are the design strategies to ensure reliability? Describe the methods to minimize failures
in engineering design practice.
3. What is the purpose of performing risk assessment? Explain about system reliability.
4. Differentiate between modeling & simulation. How the mechanical engineering problems can
be addressed by mathematical modeling? Discuss with an example.
5. What are the factors affecting Design process? Explain about process selection and role of
processing in design.
Institute of Engineering
Pashchimanchal Campus
Lamachaur, Pokhara
Assessment I (Set B)
Subject: Machine Design-II
Attempt all questions:
1. Describe the role of processing in design. What are the factors affecting design process.
2. Distinguish between linear programming & geometric programming? A rectangular box with a
square base & no top is to have a volume 3000cm3. Find the dimensions of the box that require
the least amount of material.
3. Explain different types of models. Justify the role of models in engineering design. What is
mathematical modeling?
4. Write short notes on
Reliability & Safety
System reliability, maintenance & repair

Institute of Engineering
Pashchimanchal Campus
Lamachaur, Pokhara
Assessment I (Set C)
Subject: Machine Design-II
Attempt all questions:
1. What is a physical model? What is meant by similitude? Explain with examples, the types of
similitude for physical models.
2. Write down separately guidelines for design of castings, Forgings and machining processes?
3. Write about the importance of design for reliability? Mention causes of unreliability and ways
of minimizing failure.
4. Explain in detail about Fault tree analysis.
5. What are the different search methods? Design a cylindrical tank to store a fixed volume of
liquid V. the tank will be constructed by forming & welding thin steel plate. Therefore, cost
will depend directly on the area of plate that is used. Take tank diameter as D and height as h.
Use the optimization technique for your design.