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CHEMISTRY

PaperOl - General Proficiency

75 minutes

READ THE FOLLOWING DIRECTIONS CAREFULLY

I.

In addition to th is test booklet, you should have an answersheet.

2.

Each item \n this test has four suggested answers lettered (A), (B), (C), (D). Read each item you are about to aryswer and decide which choice is best.

3.

On your answer sheet, find the numberwhich corrCspOnds to your item and shade the space having the same letteras the answer you have chosen. Look at the sample item below.

Sample Item

 

The SI unitoflength is the

Sample Ans\.ver

(A)

kilogram

(B)

metre

(C)

newton

(D)

second

The best answer to this item is "metre", so answer space (B) has been blackened.

4.

[fyou want to change your answer, be sure to erase your old answer completely and fill in your new choice.

5.

When you are told to begin, tum the page and work as quickly and ascareli.Iily as you can Ifyou cannot answer an ite111, om it it and go on to the next one. You can come back to the harder item !ater. Your .score will be the total number of correct answers.

,6

-.Y.mul.l.llY do any roc1gh work in this booklet

7. Figures arc not necessarily drawn to scale

8_

The use

of silent electronic calculators is a!lo ,ved

9. T~ is test consists of60 items. You v.;i l I have 7 5 minutes to answer them

10 Do not be ccncerni::d that rhe ansv·ier sheet ~ro· ides spaces for more ans,vers than there are items in

th1stest

DO

NOT TURN THlS

PAGE

Ui'iT11-

YOU

ARE TOLD

TO

DO

SO

l

~~~~2.0~0-9~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~,---~~~~~

[terns 1 - 2 re::~r [0 the following atoms rep- resented by their electronlc configuration.

(A)

2,4

(8)

2, 8

(C)

2,8,6

(DJ

2,8,8,2

M.atch each item below with one of the options above. Each option may be used

more than once, once or not at all.

Which element

l. combines with chlorine to fonn ionic bonds?\,·

2. f®ns many giant structures occuring both naturally a.>d artificially? 1

3 In-which cif the following are radioactive isotopes NOT used?

(A)

Radiotherapy

(B)

Carbon dating

\GJ.

Metal extraction

(D)

Energy generation

4. 'One mole ofatoms ofan element' refers to the mass of

(A)

\13}.

1 atom ofthe element theelementwhichcontains6.0x JOD

atoms

(C) the elementwhich occupies24.0dm' at s.t.p.

combines

completelywith 12gofcarbon-12

(D)

the

element

which

5

Which

of che

followin~- requires

the

LARGEST

liberate one mole of it?

numberof mo ks of electrons co

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Cu 2 "'"

o-

'

6.

Which ofthese elements has seven electrons in its outer shell?

(A)

Hydrogen

(B)

Oxygen

(C)

Nitrogen

(D)

Chlorine

7.

The ionic equation for the reaction between

an acid and a carbonate may be represented as

(A)

H•(aq) + CO,'"(aq)

-+

HCO ,_(aq)

(B)

2H.(aq) + Co,'·(aq) -+ H,CO,(aq)

(C)

2H'(aq) + CO,'"(aq)-+ C0 2 (g)+H,O(l)

(D)

W(aq) + CO,'"(aq) ~ C0 2 (g)+H,O(I)

g_

Which of the following can be referred to as a standard solution?

(A)

Iodine in 50 cm' ethanol

(B)

Sodium chloride in 50 cm' water

,(C)

30 g of sodium chloride in water

(DJ

30 g of iodine in 50 cm' ethanol

GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE

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il~!ll 9 refers to [hr! follo-.\.' 1 ng illustrations of the electronic structure of fo;

~

\::_)

p

(;\

~

Q

R

1r

:ltoms

s

9. Whicb pair of atoms forms covalent bonds wben reacted togetber?

(A),

(13)

(CJ

P and Q P and S Q and S

(D) Q and R

10. Wbicb oftbe following is tbe type of crystal structure of iodine at room temperature and pressure?

(A)

Ionic

(BJ

Metallic

(C)

Giantmolecular

'(EQ

Simplemolecular

Zooq

11. A metallic bond is formed when

(A)

cations are held together by a sea of mobile electrons

(B)

positive metal ions are held together byaseaofanions

(C)

anions are held to~etherby negative electrons

(D)

metal atoms are held together by molecular forces

.~

r---r--------------------------------------------------~'·J

;

1.·-1

'

;

f.

4 -

lt~m l~ refer:, to the follo\.v1nggraph \Vh1ch

sho\VS the boiling points of some straight-

charn alcohol~:

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Number of Carbon Atom1 In. Cllain

12. The MOST suitable method for separating the4-carbon alcohol from a mixturewith the 5-carbon alcohol is

(A)

(B)

(C) simple distillation

(D) simple evaporation

fractional distillation

solvent extraction

13. Which ofthe following isthe correctfomnula for ammonium carbonate?

(A)

NH.co,

(BJ

NH, (C0 3 ) 2

(C)

(NH,) 2 CO,

(D)

(NH,) 2 (C0 3 ) 2

l~

\V h 1ch Gf t

11~follo\v

ing separ·.:i.uon [ech n iques

is NOT used during the extr.1.~tion of sucrose

from sugar cane?

(A)

Filtration

(B)

Precipitation

(C)

Centrifugation

(D)

Chromatography

15. Which ofthe following does NOT affect the solubility ofa substance?

(A)

Catalyst

(B)

Pressure

(C)

Stining

(D)

Temperature

16. A pieceofcalcium is added to some distilled water in a contaii:ier and a gas is produced_ The gasproduced is expected to

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

relightaglowingsplint

givea 'pop'with a lightedsplint

decolourize acidified aqueous

potassiummanganate (VII) tum acidified aqueous potassium dichroITlategreen

17. ·Which set ofelements has atoms with two elecq-ons in their outershells?

(A)

The halogens

(B)

Period2elements

(C)

Group II elements

(D)

Thetransitionelements

GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE

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- 5 -

 

filrn:-; lS - 19 r~fer to tht:: fol1ov

1ng rypesof

substances.

 

(A)

Salt

(B)

Base

(C)

Alkali

(D)

Acid

Match each item below with one of the optionsabove. Eachoptionmaybeusedmore than once, once ornotat al I.

 

18. The oxide ofa metal

 

19. Supplies protons as the only positive ions in

 

aqueo1:15solutions

 
 

20.

When X and Y are stirred together in a beaker and the mixture filtered, x and y are both present in the filtrate. Which ofthe following could describe the mixtµre formed by Xand Y?

I.

Solution

II.

Colloid

Ill.

Suspension

 

(A)

!only

(B)

III only

(Cj

land II only

(D)

II and III only

 

21.

Which ofthe following compounds are acid salts?

 

I

NaH,PO,

[],

Caso,

Ill.

Al,Co,

IV

KHSO,

(A)

land II only

(B)

land r; only

(CJ

II and monly

(D)

m and IV only

2 oO'l

lti!ms 22 -2J refer to the foliO\.vtr:i.g chemicals

_(A)

Calcium carbonate

(BJ

Magnesium metal

(CJ

Barium chloride

(D) Litmussolution

In answering items 22 - 23, a particular choice from the above may be made more than once, once or not at all.

Which ofthese chemicals

22. reacts with an acid, liberating a gas which tumslimewatermilky? /\

23. reacts withsulphuricacid to produce hydrogen gas?

24. Acidified potassium manganate (VII) is

(A)

an oxidising agent

(BJ

a reducing agent

(C)

a dehydrating agent

(DJ both an oxidising and reducing agent

nn nN Tn THl'. NP"l<TP" r.i:

~.

- 6 -

!tern 25 r~fi::r:; to the fo!\o\.ving information

Different volumes of0.1 i\/1 hydrochloric acid \.vere added to 25 cml of aqueous potassium hydroxide in a plastic cup and stirred. The rilGHEST temperature reached after each addition \.Va~recorded and

the results obtained are shown on the graph below.

30

20

10

0

5

10

+t±;, .

15

20

25

±a±. ·~

+'·'

30

++

35

40

Volume of 0.1 M HCI added /cm'

25. ~fhetemperatureatwhich neu!falisa~ionoccurred is

200q

(Al

2s·c

(B)

27°C

(C)

34°C

(DJ

38 °C

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\iVh1ch of the fotto~v1ng 0ccurs \Vhen a metal

ato1n becomes an ion?

(A) It gains electrons and is oxidised

(Bl

ltgains electrons and is reduced

(C) It loses electrons and is oxidised

(D) It loses electrons and is reduced

I

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l1cml1 refers to the following information.

2.32 g ofan oxide ofiron, Fe, 0,, are heated

in dry hydrogen. When the reaction is

complete, 1.68 g ofiron are left.

[Rel. at~micmass: Fe= 56; 0 = 16]

27.

When this reaction iscompleted,.theoxide of iron is completely

 

reduced oxidisro

 

(C)

neutralised

(D)

decomposed into its elements

28.

Inanexperiment,onheating402gofmercury,

a black powder with a mass of 434 g is

obtained (Rel. atomic mass: Hg = 20 I; O= 16). Thebalancedequationrepresenting

this reaction is

(A)

{BJ

Hg (I)+ 0 2 (g) = HgO(s) 2Hg(I) + O,(g) = 2HgO(s)

(C) Hg(s) + O,(g)= HgO(s)

(D) 2Hg(s) + 0 2 (g) = 2Hg0(s)

hems :29-30 r:::fer to the foJlc,·.,, ing options

represe:1t the ordero f some metals in

'hich v

the activity serl-~s

(A)

(8)

Iron

(C)

Lead

(D)

Copper

In answering items29-30, each option may

be used once, more than once ornotatall.

Which element

29. would be liberated at the cathode from the aqueous solution of its salts during electrolysis? D

30. forms an oxide which CANNOT be reduced by hydrogen?

.t:

!tern 31 refers to the following apparatus

which is used to measure the rel8.tive

conductivity ofvarious substances.

6 V d.c. Supply

~---111111---~

Graphite

rod

Bulb

Graphite rod

- Liquid under

- - --

investigatiou

31. Which of the following solutions will NOT causethe bulb to light?

(A)

Sea water

(B)

Pure ethanol

{C)

Aqueeousethanoicacid

(D)

.A.queous propanoicacid

.-.-

,

,

_,

re'·

-

n

0

-

31 Two cxperin1ents were carried out 1n order

to investigate the effect of changing conditions on the reJ.ction bel\.veen hydrochloric 3cid and

excess magnesium

33

Jn Experiment!, 50 cm' of 1.0 mo! dm·' hydrochloric acid were used. In Experiment II, 25 cm' of2.0 mo! dm·' hydrochloric acid

were used.

Which ofthe following describestheeffecton the AVERAGE rate of reaction AND the final volume of hydrogen gas collected in going from Experiment! to Experiment II?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Effect OD Rate

Effect OD Final Volume ofH,(g) collected

Increased

Unchanged

Increased

Increa5ed

Decreased

Decreased

Decreased

Unchanged

\Vhich of die folto

v1ng

~1pparatus is the

\

r

lvfOST suitable fortheelect[Oly51s ofcopper

(II) sulphate between copper electrodes?

f-""'

(A)

 

Copper (II)

sulphate (aq)

(B)

 

,_,

Copper (ll)

sulphate (aq)

(C)

 

_:Copper (II)

 

sulphale (.aq)

(D)

 

+---

Copper Cm

 

sulphate (aq)

-

·-'-r"' •

-.r

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36.

'•

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38.

I

11

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39.

- 9 -

Tl1c rc.ac[ ion occurring rit tht! cathode during the electro!ysisofcopper sulphate usi.ng inert electrodes is given by the equation

(A)

(B)

(C) 2H' + 2e·-> H,

(D) 40H· - 4e·-> 2H,O + O,

Cu ->Cu'•+ 2e·

Cu 2 ,_ + 2e·--+ Cu

35 \Vhich of the folluw1ng is true ""hen :i.n

aluminium pot is being anodised?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(DJ

Aluminium is the anode in the eel!. Hydrogen is given off at the anode. Theeloctrolyte is a solution of sodium chloride A layer of aluminium hydroxide forms on the pot.

Items 36 - 37 refer to the following sequence of reactions involving iron compounds, where I, II, Ill

and IV represent the stages involved.

I

II

ID

FeCO, ----+ FeO ----+Fe,O, ---7

In which stage is the oxidation state of iron

increased?

(A)

(Bl.

(C)

{D)

I

II

m

IV

A recently discovered element is thought to

be a metal. Which of the following physical properties would BEST confirm this?

(A)

Density

(B)

Hardness

(C)

Meltingpoint

·{D}-

Electrical conductivity

Chlorine can be obtained by

Fe 2 (SO,), ---> N

Fe(OH),

37. ·

A suitable reagent that col.lid be used at N is

(A)

steam

(B)

hydrogen

(C)

solidcopperoxide

OS>l

aqueoussodiumhydroxide

40. Which of the following metals will react MOSTvigorouslywith diluteacid?

cl\.)

Zinc

(B)

Iron

(C)

Lead

(D)

Copper

!

.I

·~-

,

1

I

(A)

(BJ

(Cl

(DJ

warming

chloride

concentrated sulphuric acid

sodium

vvith

boiling

manganese (IV) oxide electrolysing a concentrated so Ju ti on ofsodium chloride adding aqueous bromine to aqueous

sodium

chloride

\Vith

sodium chloride

r'\I"'\ f'\)r,,f Tl"\ TV1:" W'CVT D 6 r'!'C'

l

r

- r

- I0 -

!tt:rn 41 rcL:rs to the properties of four metals,\\/, X, \' anc.l Z, \.Vh1ch Jre summaris-::J in Lhe follovv1ng t.1blt:

'l.

 

l\lleta!

Reaction '"ith water/steam

Products formed when nitrate is heated

--;:

w

No reaction

x

Reacts with steam but not with cold water

y

Reacts rapidly with cold water

·z

Reacts slowly with cold water

Metal, NO, and 0 2

Oxide, N0 2 and

0 2

Nitrite and 02

Oxide, N0 2 and

0 2

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(

l· '

,.

I

jl

ji

'

42.

41. The orderofreactivity ofthese metals, with the _MOST reactive first, is

(A) W,X,Y,Z

X, Y,Z, W Y,Z, W,X Y,Z,X, W

(B)

(C)

-CQ)

Item 42 refers to the following types of chemical reactjons which occur in the carbon cycle.

L

Decomposition

IL

Combustion

!Jl.

Photosynthesis

Which

of

these

reactions

would

be

responsible forretuming carbon d iox.ide to the

atmosphere?

(A)

(B)

((:0

ID)

I only

!II only

[and[! only

l,lland][!

43.

Ov ert1me,a - um1n1umartic es

air as do iron articles.

statements gives the correctreason forthis?

1

·1

d

onot

d

.•

eter1orate1r

Which of the followin~

(A) Aluminium is higherup in the activity serie:

than iron, therefore it is more resistanttc corrosion than iron.

Bothmetalsformoxidecoatsbutaluminiurr

oxide prevents further reaction, whih the iron oxide does not.

Both metals form hydroxide coats butth• aluminium hydroxide prevents furthe reaction, while the iron hydroxide doe

(C)

(B)

(D)

not

Aluminium is lowerthan iron in the activit. series, therefore it reacts less read ii with air than iron.

44. Which of the following substances fonns dens

white fumes \vi th ammonia gas?

(A)

()x-ygen

(B)

1--Iydrogen

(C)

Nitrogen dioxide

(D)

1--lydrogenchloride

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,(

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.

- 11

-

~refers to the follov,,1ing equarion

H

l:l

I

I

c

c

I

H

H

I

c

B

I

c

I

H

-

H

+

Br 2 ~

X

Which is the correct structural formula for X?

(A)

(Ii)

(C)

(D)

H

H

I I

H

I

H

I

H-C-C-C -C -H

Br

I I

Br

H

H

H

I I

H

I

I

H

H

I

H-C-C-C -C -H

I

I

H

Br

H

H

I

I

 

I

Br

H

H

H

I

I

H-C-C-C-C -H

Br

H

I

I

H

H

I

I

H

H

I

Br

H

I

H-C-C-C.-C -H

I

I

I

H

Br

H

Br

nn ()"J Tn TH"I' NFJCT PAGF

zoo q

47.

- I 2 -

The compound, ethene, is described as being

unsatura[cd. This means that the

Item -48 refers to the fc.ilowing structure:>

(A) caJbon atoms in etheneare linJ(ed by

single bonds

(B) molecule has insufficient hydrogen

(C)

(D)

atoms

carbon atoms in the molecule are

very reactive

molecule contains at leastonedouble

bond

[.

All members of a homologous series have

II.

similar

(A)

densities

(Bl

boilingpoints

(C)

chemical properties

· (D)

physical properties

 

ID.

rv.

B

H

H

I

I

I

H-C -

C

C-B

I

I

fl

H -C- II

I

H

ll

I

H-C-H

I

f

f

H-C-C-C-H

 

I

I

I

 

H

H

ll

 

H

 
 

.

I

H-C-H f

·

1

 

H-C -

C-ll

I

ll-C-ll

I

II

H

1

H-C-ll

I

f

H-C-C-H

I

~

H-C-Il

I

ll

48 Which structures represent branched alkanes?

(A)

land U only

(B)

I and TV only

(C)

ill and JV only

(D)

I, JI an_d ][]only

GOONTOTHENEXTPAGE

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- I 3 -

Lti;n1 4q refers to ['.'JO organic compounds, I and II, of molecLilar formulz c f-1~0, \Vith the fol)ov structures

fl

I

I

LJ

I

H-C-C-C-H

H

I

H

I

H

I

H-C-C-C-OH

·1ng

I

I

I

I

I

I

H

OH

H

H

H

H

 

I

II

 

49.

Compounds I and II are known as the

 

(A)

isomersofC,H,O

 

(B)

isotopes ofC,H.O

(C)

condensed formulae ofC,H,O

(D)

, molecular formulae of C,H,O

Items

50-51

refer

to

the

following

compounds.

 

 

L

Fats

II.

Nylon

III.

Proteins

 

IV.

Terylene

 

50.

Which ofthe above compounds are synthetic?

 

(A)

land II only

 

(B)

land III only

(C)

llandII!only

(DY

II and IV only

51 Ester linkage exists in

(AJ

!Ilonly

(BJ

land III only

JC}/ [and!Vonly

(D) [[and IV•,nly

52.

Which

breathalyser tesi to detect the presence of

of' the following is used

in the

alcohol?

(A)

(BJ

(C)

JP)

Lime water Lightersplint Bromine water Potassium dichromate

53. Which equation BEST represents

the

balanced equationforthe reaction between

aqueous ethanoicacidand magnesium?

(AJ

(BJ

CH,COOH(aq) + Mg(s) -> CH,COOMg(aq)+ H,(g)

2CH,COOH(aq) + Mg(sJ --+ (CH,COOJ,Mg(aq) + H,(g)

(C) 2CH,COOH(aq)+ Mg(s) --+ 2CH,COOMg(sJ + H,(gJ

(D) 2CH,COOH(aq) + 2Mg(sJ ---> 12CH,COOJ,Mg! (aqJ -r H,(g)

2.00'I

,

,

,

,

I"\

-'""''-fT'!'V_,. 'rl" ,

,_

[

r

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[)ur111g

th~ manur"acrure

of erh.::inul

by

58

\Vh1ch

c·-.vo group~ <ir'

;

Pr:.esenr

in

!h.::

fe.rmenrat1•:-in, the gas evol\'ed

mo!ecules ·Jfamino acids".'

(A)

relights a glowing splint

(A)

-NH, group and -COOH group

(B)

bums with a blue flame

(B)

-NH, group

and -OH group

(C)

turnsl1mewatermilky

(C)

-OHgroupand -COOHgroup

(D)

turns potassium dichromate green

(D)

-COOHgroupand C=Cgroup

The reaction of fats with concentrated ·· aqueous sodium hydroxide is commonly referred to as

SS.

59. Which ofthe following names refers to the product fanned in the reaction

3n(CH, = CH,) --t f CH 1 CH,CH 2 CH,CH,CH;J,"?

(A)

condensation

(A)

Dimer

(B)

esterification

(B)

Trimer

neutralisation

(C)

Polymer

saponification

(D)

Monomer

56. When ethene reacts with steam the ethene is

60.

Nylon is a macromolecule which is held together by the smne linkage as a protein

(A)

decomposed to carbon

 

molecule. What is the name given to this

(B)

converted to ethanol

type oflinkage?

(C)

converted to an ester

 

(D)

oxidisedto carbon dioxide

 

(A)

Ether linkage

 

(B)

Double bond

(C)

Ester linkage

57. Chlorofluorocarbons responsible for

are

MAINLY

(D)

Amidebond

(A)

acid rain

 

.(B)

the greenhouse effect

(C)

destruction of the ozone layer

 

(D)

destruction of limestone statues

[

[

(

[

[

[

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON THIS TEST.

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