Sei sulla pagina 1di 3

CONNECTORS AND LINKERS

Complete the following sentences by adding and, but or or.


1. Mrs. Taylor is tall and slim.
2. Learning geography is hard................ interesting.
3. I dont like football . ...............soccer.
4. Do you pull the handle ................. push it?
5. These tools are old ..................... still good.
6. We visited lots of castles ................... palaces in England.
7. The classes are quite difficult . ..................Im doing well.
8. I didnt know whether to turn left .................. right.

Complete the following sentences by adding, and and or or where necessary.


1. Youll need paper scissors glue.
Youll need paper, scissors and glue.
2. I dont enjoy football swimming homework.
3. Shall we play tennis read a book watch TV?
4. Do you want to sit next to Peter David Sam?
5. We visited India Japan South Korea on our trip.
6. Mr. Carter likes classical music pop music jazz
7. No one likes people who are rude mean cruel.
8. Dad has to make our breakfast help us get dressed take us to school .

Connectors of Addition and Contrast


CONNECTORS OF ADDITION: and, also, in addition, furthermore, moreover, as well as, in addition to
CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST: but, however, nevertheless, on the one hand / on the other hand, in
spite of / despite, although /even though, but, yet

Read the pairs of sentences below.


1. Their team has got the best players. Moreover, their coach is fantastic.
2. Their team has got the best players. Nevertheless, they lost the last game .
Choose the correct connector:
1. Lorena seems to be quite clever. ........................, she often gets low marks.
2. The service at this restaurant is excellent. ....................., the food is delicious.
3. I've never been to Argentina, ........................having relatives there.
4. Jordi is a careful driver. ........................., hes had several accidents.
5. Cristina loves playing sport, ............................. shes not very good at it.
6. Anna is talented at music................................... art.
Despite and in spite of.
We did not wear coats despite/ in spite of the cold weather. (noun phrase)
I tried to look happy in spite of / despite feeling terrible. (-ing)
Despite /in spite of THE FACT THAT + Clause(subject+verb+)

Even though and although are followed by a clause.


My car constantly needs repairs even though its new.
My cousin and I arent very close, although were the same age.

At the beginning of a sentence: in addition, furthermore, morover, however, nevertheless, on the one hand,
on the other hand, although
Either at the beginning or in the middle: despite, in spite of, even though(in the middle)
Only in the middle of a sentence: and, but, also, as well as

Choose the correct connector.


1. We're studying now ...................................there's an interesting film on TV.
2. Id like to talk to you ..................................... I know youre busy.
3. .................................... her efforts, she failed the exam.
4. ........................................we were having difficulties, we felt optimistic.
5. We didnt win the game ...................................... all all our hard work.

However and Therefore


You can use 'however' to express contrast.
Paul decided to go to Kenya. Steve, however, went to Dorset.
Pete went fishing today; however, John went skiing.

"Therefore" means "for that reason", and is also used with a comma.
Margaret studied Design last week; therefore, she didnt study history.
Sam and John left before science today; therefore, they didnt take the quiz.

Now you can write "however" or "therefore" to fill the gaps:


1. I don't like salads. , I like vegetables.
2. It was raining. , she took her umbrella.
3. He went to London. , she didn't see the Big Ben.
4. He went to London. , she saw the Big Ben.
5. She loved her boyfriend. , she didn't buy him a present for St Valentine.
6. She loved her boyfriend. , she bought him a present for St Valentine.
7. They loved animals. , they had a dog, a cat and a rabbit.
8. They loved animals. , they didn't have any.
9. He was very fat. , he didn't usually eat a lot.
10. He was very fat. it was difficult for him to find nice clothes.
11. I won the lottery. , I bought a beautiful car.
12. I won the lottery. , I didn't change my old car.
13. My brother loves sports. , he doesn't play football.
14. My brother loves sports. , he plays football, basket, rugby and golf.

EXERCISE 01: Complete the following sentences using so(Por lo tanto) or because.
1. It was cold I shut the window.
2. The door was open I closed it.
3. She doesn't like him he isn't honest.
4. It was raining I took a taxi.
5. The water wasn't clean we didn't swim.
6. We didn't swim the water wasn't clean.
7. I'll be home late tonight I have to work late.
8. I'm tired today I couldn't sleep last night.
9. She quit her job she is looking for a new one now.
10. We walked home there were no more buses.
11. I closed the window it was cold.
EXERCISE 02: Choose the connecting word that completes the sentences meaningfully.
1. I don't know you want to meet that lady. She's such a snob.
2. He looks he were sick.
3. He asked he could smoke a cigarette.
4. He insists I be there.
5. He punished the little boy put salt in his coffee.
6. It was raining hard we left the office.
7. He'll have the work done you arrive.
8. I was saying, how many of you want to attend the conference?
9. He must be rich, he spends a lot of money on gifts for his girlfriend.
10.We have been having problems with the heater we bought it.
11. he said did not please us.
12. I liked the car, I bought it.
13. The picture is hanging over my bed was painted by an art student.
14. Her parents will be very happy she passes with flying colors.

EXERCISE 03: Choose the connecting word that completes the sentences meaningfully.
1. Karen is rich; , her cousin Kate is poor.
2. You'd better take a taxi. , you'll arrive late.
3. I enjoy reading this new magazine. ____________ , it has good articles.
4. Jack wasn't tired. , he took a nap.
5. Phil was not thirsty; , he drank five glasses of water.
6. The kids didn't study. , they failed the course.
7. The weather was terrible. , we decided to delay our trip.
8. You must buy the tickets; , we won't be able to see that play.
9. The neighborhood isn't very interesting. I like the house, .
10. We live in the same building; , we hardly see each other.
11. He didn't earn enough money. , his wife decided to get a job.
12. That house isn't big enough for us, and , it's too expensive.
13. We have plenty of money and workers; , we hope to finish the house remodeling soon.
14. She's extremely rich; , she's not snobbish.
15. It was a windy and rainy night. , I decided to go out.