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Title   AS 1012.19.1-2000 Methods of testing concrete - Accelerated curing of concrete compression test

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1

Australian Standard TM

AS 1012.19.1—2000

AS 1012.19.1

Licensed to E.S.SURESH on 04 Jun 2002. Single user licence only. Storage, distribution or use on network prohibited.

Methods of testing concrete

Method 19.1: Accelerated curing of concrete compression test specimens— Hot water method

1 SCOPE

This Standard sets out the hot water (82°C) method for the accelerated curing of compression test specimens of concrete, made in the laboratory or in the field, and prepared in accordance with AS 1012.8.1. The method allows for the transportation of test specimens from the field to a curing tank in a laboratory. Specimens are tested between 23 h and 27 h from the time of batching.

2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS

The following documents are referred to in this Standard:

AS

1012

Methods of testing concrete

1012.1

Method 1: Sampling of fresh concrete

1012.8.1

Method 8.1: Method of making and curing concrete—Compression and indirect tensile test specimens

1012.9

Method 9: Determination of compressive strength of concrete specimens

3 ACCEPTANCE OF SPECIMENS

Concrete specimens shall be accepted for accelerated curing only if they—

(a)

are received at the curing tank in their steel moulds with cover plates secured and sealed; and

(b)

have been moulded in accordance with Section 7 of AS 1012.8.1.

4

APPARATUS

The following apparatus shall be required:

(a)

Cover plate The cover plate shall be rigid and shall be provided with a seal and a clamping device, so that specimens may be transported at an early stage. The material used for the plate shall not interact with the concrete or the mould.

(b)

Accelerated curing tank

The accelerated curing tank shall—

(i)

be of corrosion-resistant material, of a size to hold a number of concrete cylinder specimens in their moulds standing in an upright position with the tank filled with water to a level of not less than 25 mm above the top of the moulds;

(ii)

have a grill that is located within 150 mm from the bottom of the tank and strong enough to support the specimens and allow adequate circulation of water throughout the tank;

the specimens and allow adequate circulation of water throughout the tank; www.standards.com.au © Standards Australia
the specimens and allow adequate circulation of water throughout the tank; www.standards.com.au © Standards Australia

© Standards Australia

AS 1012.19.1—2000

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Licensed to E.S.SURESH on 04 Jun 2002. Single user licence only. Storage, distribution or use on network prohibited.

(iii)

have a heating device located between the bottom of the tank and the grill or external to the tank. This device will heat the water and ensure that the temperature variation throughout the tank at any time does not vary by more than 4°C when the tank is fully loaded with specimens (dummies if necessary);

(iv)

have provision for draining of the tank;

(v)

have a temperature recording device accurate to within ±1°C to provide a continuous record of the curing water temperature; and

(vi)

be fitted with an insulating lid.

(c)

Cylinder moulds Steel moulds of similar, if not identical, make, dimensions and thickness should be used, to lessen any variations that may be introduced by different rates of heat transfer during curing.

5

PRECONDITIONING OF SPECIMENS

5.1

Delay period

Specimens shall, except for the period during transportation, be stored undisturbed in their moulds, with cover plates in place, on a rigid horizontal base under the conditions defined in AS 1012.8.1, for a period not less than 3 h nor longer than 6 h from batching of the concrete.

5.2 Transportation

Specimens made in the field shall be made in close proximity to the curing tank, or shall be transported directly to an off-site curing tank within the first 3 h after batching. They shall be carried in such a way that jarring is avoided and extreme temperatures are not encountered.

After transporting and handling the specimens and before placing them in the curing tank, the top concrete surface should be checked to ensure that it did not interact with the cover plate.

6 PROCEDURE

The procedure shall be as follows:

(a)

After the end of the delay period, carefully place the specimens with cover plates in place, in the curing tank. Allow a clearance of at least 50 mm between adjacent moulds and between the moulds and the side walls of the tank, to provide adequate circulation of the water in the tank.

(b)

Adjust the level of the water in the tank to not less than 25 mm above the top of the specimens. The initial temperature of the water shall be between 10°C and 30°C.

(c)

Replace the lid on the tank.

(d)

Raise the temperature of the water to 82 ±2°C in 2 h ±15 min and maintain it for a further 14 h ±10 min.

(e)

Remove the moulds from the tank and allow to cool in air for at least 1 h.

NOTES:

1 For ease and safe handling, partially discharge the hot water from the tank to expose the moulds.

2 It is recommended that the number of specimens in the tank should be kept constant by the use of dummy specimens during any curing cycle.

3 Specimens that have undergone accelerated curing in the field should be transported in their moulds to the testing laboratory during the cooling period.

© Standards Australia

3

AS 1012.19.1—2000

Licensed to E.S.SURESH on 04 Jun 2002. Single user licence only. Storage, distribution or use on network prohibited.

(f)

Within 2 h from removing moulds from tank, demould the specimens, and measure and cap them in accordance with AS 1012.9. Immerse the specimens in water at a temperature of 23 ±5°C for a period of not less than 2 h from the time of immersion.

(g)

Between 23 h and 27 h from the time of batching, test the specimens in accordance with AS 1012.9.

NOTE: Accelerated curing procedures can provide useful information on the quality of concrete on the day after specimens are made. Strength results may be used in a number of ways including the control of quality of production and the prediction of the strength at 28 days. Any correlation between strength results obtained by these methods and strength results obtained by standard curing should be based on statistical analysis of results for the particular concrete mix as well as materials and curing procedures used.

7 RECORDS

The following information shall be recorded:

(a)

Identification of specimen.

(b)

Date and time of batching of the concrete.

(c)

Nominal dimensions of specimens.

(d)

Time, job site or laboratory where the specimens were initially moulded.

(e)

Location of accelerated curing tank.

(f)

Time of dispatch from the job site, where applicable.

(g)

Curing history, as follows:

(i)

Time of arrival at curing laboratory, where applicable.

(ii)

Date and time of loading specimens into the curing tank. If more than one batch of concrete is tested, the date and time of loading of each batch of specimen into the curing tank.

(iii)

Temperature record of accelerated curing cycle.

(iv)

Time of removal of specimens from accelerated curing tank.

(v)

Date and time of testing for compressive strength.

(h)

Identification of the testing operator.

(i)

Reference to this Standard, i.e. AS 1012.19.1.

(j)

Identification of the testing operators at the job site and/or laboratory.

8

REPORT

The following information shall be reported:

(a)

Identification of the concrete.

(b)

Date and location of testing.

(c)

Nominal dimensions of specimens.

(d)

Reference to this Standard, i.e. AS 1012.19.1.

(e)

Such other information contained in the sampling records (see AS 1012.1) as may be requested.

(f)

Any variations from the test procedure.

© Standards Australia

AS 1012.19.1—2000

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Licensed to E.S.SURESH on 04 Jun 2002. Single user licence only. Storage, distribution or use on network prohibited.

This Australian Standard was prepared by Technical Committee BD/42, Methods of Testing Concrete. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 28 April 2000 and published on 18 May 2000.

The following interests are represented on Committee BD/42:

Association of Consulting Engineers Australia

AUSTROADS

Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Australian Pre-mixed Concrete Association

CSIRO—Building, Construction and Engineering

Cement and Concrete Association of Australia

Concrete Institute of Australia

National Association of Testing Authorities Australia

University of New South Wales

University of Technology, Sydney

Keeping Standards up-to-date Standards are living documents which reflect progress in science, technology and systems. To maintain their currency, all Standards are periodically reviewed, and new editions are published. Between editions, amendments may be issued. Standards may also be withdrawn. It is important that readers assure themselves they are using a current Standard, which should include any amendments which may have been published since the Standard was purchased. Detailed information about Standards can be found visiting the Standards Australia web site at www.standards.com.au and looking up the relevant Standard in the on-line catalogue. Alternatively, the printed Catalogue provides information current at 1 January each year, and the monthly magazine, The Australian Standard, has a full listing of revisions and amendments published each month. We also welcome suggestions for the improvement in our Standards, and especially encourage readers to notify us immediately of any apparent inaccuracies or ambiguities. Contact us via email at mail@standards.com.au, or write to the Chief Executive, Standards Australia International Ltd, PO Box 1055, Strathfield, NSW 2135.

Originated as part of AS 1012.19—1988. Revised and redesignated in part as AS 1012.19.1—2000.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 98463.

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