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Computer systems

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I express my profound gratitude to my lecturer, Mr.Thasneem, Institute of BCAS, for his


invaluable guidance, support and encouragement throughout this study. His helpful
suggestions have been greatly appreciated at every stage in the preparation of this study.

I thank all the people who help me to do this report in an effective manner. I thank BCAS to
giving me such individual assignment to gain my knowledge most practical in Employability
and professional development.

Finally, I wish to thank my parents, colleagues and friends who gave a valuable support.
Once again I thank all of them.

Thank You

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Contents
Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 3
Task 1.1 ................................................................................................................................................. 4
Task 1.2 ............................................................................................................................................... 10
Task 1.3 ............................................................................................................................................... 23
Task 2.1 ............................................................................................................................................... 27
Task 2.2 ............................................................................................................................................... 30
Task 3.1 ............................................................................................................................................... 39
Task 3.2 ............................................................................................................................................... 40
Task 4.1 ............................................................................................................................................... 47
Task 4.2 ............................................................................................................................................... 55
Conclusion ....................................................................................................................................... 62
Conclusion ......................................................................................................................................... 63
References list .................................................................................................................................. 64

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Introduction
The major purpose of this assignment is to understand computer systems and apply
theoretical knowledge to practical when building, configuring and maintaining computer
systems in different environments and it contains hardware components, software and
peripherals. Maintenance of computer system and the way in which it works, should be
made clear for BCAS.

Different types of computer systems that are available in IT environment are identified and
purposes are showed. Custom-built computer system includes the guide lines and the
security implementations of methods are concerned. Test criterias to detect faults and
trouble shoot peripheral devices, hardware and software.

This unit explores system design specification for all departments of BCAS. Especially
multimedia department has been concentrated on game development and mobile application
development.

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Task 1.1
Computer systems are rule world because everything is running by using computers and its
related to studying, designing and developing information using computers. Computer
systems are growing faster minute by minute and day by day. Computer systems perform
different roles in different departments of BCAS. Such as

Multimedia Department
Finance and Accounts Department
Administration Department

Multimedia Department
Computer systems are used in Multimedia department for many purpose and it's perform
sounds, graphics, animation and audio to come up with a multimedia works when its
needed. In multimedia computer system are used for following purposes in BCAS:
To do advertising functions
To do web design
To do computer gaming

Advertising functions

Computer systems perform various roles for Advertising in multimedia department. Many
staffs of BCAS do creations on logo designs, brochures, business cards, billboards, banner
and posters by using application software in computer system such as Adobe Photoshop,
Adobe illustrator and Corel draw.

Following roles are performed by computer system for advertising in Multimedia department
of BCAS

Many organizations are using logo for their own company. So, to create logo
they are using adobe illustrator application software in computer system.
Example - Colleges logo such as Bcas, Acbt and ANC logos, Sports logo
such as cricket and football (IPL logo, SLPL logo and FIFA) and country
logos. So, everything has been created by computer systems.

BCAS providing brochures which are created by using Adobe illustrator in


computer system. Example - BCAS brochures about courses and Bank
brochures about new accounts.

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Business cards are providing by BCAS about their services, which has been
created by using Adobe illustrator in computer system.

BCAS bill boards and banners are used in public area, in every bill boards
and banners designs are created by using multimedia softwares in computer
system.

Web design functions

One of the computer systems roles in the multimedia departments is creating web design.
Currently there are billions of websites that available on the internet. Every web design has
been created by multimedia applications in computer system. Computer systems are help to
do web designing functions and it contains web layouts, flash contents, templates, scripts
and coding.

Following roles are performed by computer system for web designing in Multimedia
department of BCAS

Web layout is creating something thats visually attractive. Every website has
layouts which are designed by Firework application software. The web
layouts such as 3D Screenshots, Advanced Grid and Fixed Sidebar.

In the websites there are many contents showing by flash such as about
discounts, new arrivals and advertisements. So every flash contents are
created by using Adobe flash in the computer system.

HTML editor, Web Easy Professional and HTML-Kit Tool software are used
to creative solution templates, interior design templates and generic
templates.do website templates and in the templates every design are
designed by using Adobe Photoshop and Adobe illustrator in computer
system. Examples of templates -

Computer system helps to do script and coding for web designing by using
application software example - Dream viewer software which do jquery,
HTML and CSS scripts.

(10 Rock Solid Website Layout Examples,2011)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Computer gaming

Computer systems help to do gaming development which includes graphics, 3D and visual
effects by using gaming software such as Sploder, Game Maker 8 and RPG Maker XP.

Following roles performed by computer system in gaming

In the game mostly games developers are used various background and
creative images which has been designed in Adobe Photoshop by using
computer system. Example - In the Need for speed game there are many
creative backgrounds are used.

Computer system helps to do graphics works by using softwares such as


Ultimate Paint andKarbon14. So, these softwares helpful to do digital
graphics and photographs.

Computer system is used for 3D purpose also. It includes rendering,


animating, compositing, creating interactive 3D applications, skinning,
texturing and UV wrapping. Example - By using 3D Canvas software in
computer system, will help to 3D works in gaming.

Visual effects editing also another important thing in gaming. So computer


system help to do visual effecting by software such as Autodesk Flare and
Adobe After Effects CS6

So, mainly computer systems performed various roles in advertising, web designing and
gaming in multimedia department of BCAS.

(5 Free Game Development Software Tools To Make Your Own Games, NA)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Finance and Accounts Department

Computer systems needs to do finance and accounts functions in the BCAS and it helps to
control the expenditure. A computer system processing finance and accounts information
with up-to-date time regarding the BCAS's performance.

Mainly applications software helps to do accounting, scheduling, billing and word processing
functions such as for accounting there are some software Accpac and Myob, for billing there
is a software available call Tradeshift, for word Msoffice is there. So, these softwares
requires computer system to perform finance and accounts functions.

Following roles are performed by computer system in finance and accounting department of
BCAS

Computer system processing general ledger system, accounts


receivable system, accounts payable system, budgeting system, funds
management systems to do finance functions by accounts package
softwares such as Accpac and Myob.

Computer systems keep BCAS financial assets and funds also


That means it will keep electronic records of money received and paid
out by the BCAS. To keep records there are some sofwares used in the
computer system such as MS access and MS excel.

By using computer system in Accounts and finance department following functions


processing:

Budgeting
General ledger
Billing
Cost accounting
Profit planning
To do finance and accounts functions mainly need mainframe and supercomputers. These
are help to process many transactions and its accurate and speed data processing. So,
computer system performs many roles to do finance and account functions.
(Types of Computers Used in the Government, NA)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Administration Department
Administration department is responsible to keep records of customers in BCAS and to
administrate all computers which have been used in BCAS. Example In BCAS
Administration department, they are keeping students' records such as student's information
and students' assignments by using computer systems.

Following roles performed by computer systems in Administration department


Computer system using in Administration for many purpose such as type
letters, keep BCAS's income and expenditure and helps to compile
information.

Examples:
For type letter MS Word is using in the computer system.
For calculation Ms excel using in the computer system.
For compile information MS Access using in the computer system.

Computer system helps to do routine works of the BCAS such as bill payment,
payments transactions and Convey messages

Bill payment: most of the admin staffs paying electricity and water bill of the
BCAS by using internet.
Example: If the BCAS has bank accounts Admin staffs can pay the
bill by browsing organization accounts page.

Payments transactions: Admin staffs can make money transaction to branches


of the BCAS by using particular bank website.
Example: Western Union providing money transferring so, if the
BCAS has bank accounts, they can transfer money branch into branch
by visiting Western Union webpage in computer system.

Convey messages: If Admin staffs need to convey any message they are using email to do
that such as gmail and hotmail. So, mainly computer system performs to do bill payment,
payment transactions and convey messages.

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Computer system helps to share the information and communication in Administration


department of BCAS by using network. Example Admin using internet to get information and
share information but internet is works because of WAN network. (Wide area network) To
perform network minimum desktop computers are needed.

Following roles are performed by computer systems to do network functions:


File sharing: Network of computers help to share data files in administration
department.

Hardware sharing: Users of computers can share devices such as printers,


scanners, and CD-ROM drives to do administration works.

Application sharing: Network of the computers help to share Applications over


the network. So, if the administration department has 15 computers by using
network they can share applications which is help to do specific jobs.

Communication sharing: Networks of computers help to communicate within


administration staffs by using e-mail, newsgroups, forums, and video
conferencing.

(Why do we need computer networking?,2010)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Task 1.2

Components of the Computer

1. Monitor
2. Motherboard
3. CPU (Microprocessor)
4. Primary storage (RAM)
5. Expansion cards
6. Power supply
7. Optical disc drive
8. Secondary storage (Hard disk)
9. Keyboard
10. Mouse

(Figure 1)
Hardware
Hardware is physical components of computer, its including digital circuitry and it can be
touched such as system unit, mouse, keyboard etc. Hardware can be arranged in main
categories such as:

Input devices
Output devices
Internal storage
Central processing unit (CPU)

Input devices

Input devices allow user to input information to the computer and its unprocessed data such
as keyboard, mouse, scanner, microphone and digital camera.

Output devices

Output devices allow user to output information from the computer and its processed data
such as monitor, printer and projectors.

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Internal storage

It's directly accessible by the processor also known as such as main storage such as
registers, cache and main memory.

1. Registers

Registers are temporary memory which store words and its located in the processer. It also
known as volatile memory that means it will not work when electricity is not supplied.
Registers examples are PC, AC, IR, TIR, +1, AMASK, MAR and MBR.

2. Cache memory

It's located on CPU chip and its faster than RAM (registers)
From this picture you can
understand where cache memory
is located and how its work.

It's located between main


memory and CPU.
(Figure 2)
Example: If you type any word in search it will request to CPU then CPU will check in the
cache whether data is available or not. If it the data is available in the cache CPU will get
from it. If not, Cache will check in the Main memory if present Main memory delivers from
Cache to CPU.

3. Main memory
This is a semi-conductor memory. Main memory is made of dynamic memory andits slower
than cache memory.

There are 2 types of main memory

RAM(Random Access memory)


ROM(Read only memory)

RAM
RAM store programs, input data an information. Its volatile memory that means the stored
data will be erased, when the power is not supplied. It also known as temporary memory and
holds the information as long as there is electric power. There are three types of RAM.
Those are:

Dynamic RAM (DRAM)


Synchronized DRAM (SDRAM)
Static RAM (SRAM)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Dynamic RAM

It needs refreshing even when powered and its slow. The speed of DRAM is based on CPU
speed.

Synchronized RAM

Its run higher clock speeds than conventional memory. SDRAM actually synchronizes with
the CPU's bus. It's running at 133 MHz.

Static RAM (SRAM)

It noneed refreshing when powered and its high speed memory.

ROM

This is permanent memory to store software programs it can be system software or


application software. ROM is a non-volatile memory.

There are three types of ROM

PROM Programmable ROM


EPROM Erasable Programmable ROM
EEPROM Electrically Erasable Programmable ROM

Central Processing Unit (CPU)

CPU is the brain of computer and its consist of

Arithmetic and Logic unit(ALU)


Control Unit
Arithmetic and logic unit (ALU)

ALU perform two functions such as


Arithmetic functions and Logical functions.

Control unit

It does calculations and coordinates to


motherboard components

(Figure 3)
(The CPU is also known as the processor or
microprocessor)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems
How CPU works

(Figure 4)

The CPU process the data and programs then the data bus transferring the data to RAM So,
It can be stored in the RAM and displayed on monitor.

Mother board

The main printed circuit board inside the PC which contains and controls the components.
That is responsible for processing data and programs.

Mother boards holds

The processor
Memory
Expansion Slots
It connects directly or indirectly to each part of the PC.

(Figure 5)
Above I have given mother board picture

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

AGP Slots

AGP stand for Accelerated Graphics Port. It's created


especially for display cards. There is only one AGP
slot in the motherboard and AGP slots works 128bit to
provide more data transfer among processor.

(Green part is AGP slot)


(Figure 6)

PCI Slots

PCI stand for Peripheral Component Interconnect. It's


communicates with an ISA and local bus using
chipsets and bridges. PCI slots much faster than ISA
slots. PCI is the oldest slot still common on
motherboards but it has been replaced by AGP and
PCI Express slots.

(Figure 7)
(Whit parts are PCI slots)

PCI-Express Slot

PCI Express designed to replace AGP slot and PCI


slot. It is currently used for video cards and other
adapter cards.

(Figure 8)
(Blue parts are PCI- Express slot)

Above slots are commonly call Expansion slots.

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

ATX Connector

ATX connector supply power to the


motherboard and the connection comes from
Power supply. Power supply provides
necessary energy with power unit to ATX
connector.

(Figure 9)
(White part is ATX connector)

IDE Connector
IDE Connector stands for Integrated Drive
Electronics. There are two IDE connectors on
the motherboard and this connector for hard
disc and CD-ROM that mean IDE connectors
provide connection among hard disc and CD-
ROM by data cable. Currently now are days
(Figure 10) using SATA cable which provide connection to
two devices.
(Blue and black parts are IDE connector)

FDD Connector

FDD stand for Flop Disk Drive connector.


Floppy disk plug is here to fix and it helps to
transfer data Floppy disk to motherboard. It has
34 pins.

(Figure 11)
(Black part is FDD connector)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

BIOS

BIOS stand for basic input output system. BIOS


help to prepare hardware and software for
working computer (booting). Some main features
can be adjusted by BIOS.

(Figure 12)
(Black part is BIOS)

Chipsets

Chipsets is a kind of processor that manages interface relation and provides data
transferring. Basically there are two types of chipset which are call North Bridge and south
bridge.

North bridge chipset

North bridge chip is help to control


AGP, RAM and CPU.

(Figure 13)
(Black part is North bridge chipset)

South bridge chipset

South bridge chip is help to control PCI


Slots, USB, IDE and BIOS.

(Figure 14)
(Black part is south bridge chipset)

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Computer systems

Here I have Input Output ports that available in the mother board.

(Figure 15)

Hard disk

A hard disk is also called hard drive or hard disk


drive. It stores and provides quick access to large
amounts of data on set of surfaces. Currently hard
disk contains several billion bytes gigabytes of
storage.

Hard disk usually consists up to 12 platters. Each


platter needs two read/write heads one for each
side. All the read/write heads are inserted to a
single access. So it will not work independently.
(Figure 16)

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Computer systems

CMOS battery

It keeps current time of your computer. CMOS battery


requires little power to retain its contents.

(Figure 17)

Power supply unit

It also called a PSU. It converts the power provided


from the outlet to the components of CPU. Power
supply units are rated by voltage.

(Figure 18)

Cooling units

Computer cooling helps to remove heat produced by


computer components of computer.

(Figure 19)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Software

Computer software is a collection of programs and symbol languages that perform some
task on a computer system. It's

Consist of step by step instruction and it will instruct to the computer


what to do and how to do it.

Needs some media to execute.

Divides into two types one is system software another one is application
software.

System software

System software is set of programs which control and contribute to computers' performance
and it also brings different hardware configurations into common platform.

Basically there are three types of system software;

Operating System
Language Translators
Utility Programs

Operating system

Operating system is software which helps to control the execution of computer programs. Its
providing many services to user.

Examples: Microsoft Windows 7, Mac OS X, Linux and Ubunthu.

Language translators

Language translators are translating programs that written by a programmer into machine
language. By using language translators computer hardware can understand the programs
what written by programmer.

Example: CAT

Utility programs

It helps to support and expand the existing programs in a computer system.

Examples: Virus Scanners, Disk Defragmenters, Disk Checkers,


Encryption utilities and Backup software.

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Application software

Application software is made for to do specific job and it helps to create communication
between user and hardware. It has two types;

Special purpose software


Be- spoke software
Language software

Special purpose software

Special purpose software is created software and its help to execute specific tasks.
Example: MS office

Here I have given some examples of special purpose software

For word processing - MS word and Word perfect

For spread sheet - Microsoft excel and Lotus approach

For databases - Microsoft access and Lotus approach

For presentation - Microsoft power point and Lotus freelance

Be-spoke software

Be- spoke software is made for specific user and force purpose.

Example:

Hospital and its medical equipments made for specific user


Freelancer System (Newspaper Industries)

Language software

Language software is application software which is used to create new software.

Examples: Java and VB

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Peripheral devices
Input devices, output devices and secondary storage devices are called peripheral
devices.These devices help to input data into the computer and output data from the
computer. Input output devices are very common and some devices are very rarely. The
common input output devices are keyboard, monitor and the mouse. Other peripherals are
microphone, webcam, scanner, printer and plotter.

Microphone

Microphone is an input device that allows to


speech as data. It allows recording which are
giving as input and transmitting the data it to
others over the internet.
(Figure 20)

Webcams

It's an input device allow us to capture images


and record videos to transfer into a computer in
the format of an image file or video file. It's
measured in pixels.
(Figure 21)

Scanner

Scanner is an input device allows us to translate


images such as picture or documents into digital
form.

(Figure 22)

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Computer systems

Printer

Printer is an output device that helps to create of a


hard copy of textual and photographic. Its speed
measured in Pages per Minute (PPM).

Plotter

Plotter is an output device that helps to designed


and produces high quality graphics in a variety of
colors. Example: Drum plotters, Flatbed plotter s
and Electrostatic plotters.

(Figure 23)

(4 Main Parts of a Computer System, NA)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Task 1.3
Types of computer systems
Micro Computers
Mini Computers
Mainframe Computers
Super Computers

Micro Computers

Micro computers are small in size. Its


used for personal. Mainly Micro
computers are help to data processing.
The processing speed of Microcomputer
is 100-kilo byte per second. Micro
computer storage capacity is within the
range of MB to GB. The peripherals are
used in Micro systems such as keyboard,

(Figure 24) monitor, printer, mouse, scanner and


plotter.
Micro Computer systems are used for following purposes:

Accounting
Entertainment
Word Processing

Example for Microcomputer systems:

Desktop computers
Laptops
Mobile computers

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Minicomputers

Its a Midrange computers which fallen in between


mainframe computers and microcomputers.
Minicomputer systems speed is 500-kilo byte per
second. In minicomputers also peripherals are
used such as printer, magnetic tapes, magnetic
(Figure 25) tapes and hard disks. It has large storage capacity
and its used for LAN services.
Minicomputers are used for following purposes:

Engineering
Scientific Research
Database System

Examples for Mini computers:

IBM RISC 6000


HP mini computer

Mainframe Computers
The Mainframe computers are huge size. Its can
process large amount of data at a very high speed.
The prices are in millions of dollars.

Mainframe computers are designed to allow


multiple users. The speed of Mainframe computer

(Figure 26) is1-10 million per second. Its including line printer,
high-speed magnetic tapes and hard disks for
input
Mainframe computers are used for following output processing. Thestorage capacity of
purposes:
these computers is very high. It's specially used
Corporate and organizations functions
for WAN services.
Bulk data processing
Enterprise planning and transaction processing

Examples for Mainframe computers:

IBM 704
IBM 370/168
DEC 1090
CYBER 170

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Supercomputers

Supercomputers are designed to process


complex scientific jobs. Supercomputers are
largest fastest and most expensive system in
the world. Prices are 5 million to $50
million. These supercomputers are used in
large organizations to do calculations at very

(Figure 27) large scale. The speed of Supercomputer is


1 trillion floating-point operations per second.
Supercomputers are used for following purposes:

Weather forecasting
Climate research
Molecular modeling
Oil and gas exploration
Physical simulations

Examples for Supercomputers:

IBM Roadrunner
IBM Blue Gene/L

(Types of Computer, NA)

(Major Types of Computer Systems, NA)

(Types of Computers Used in the Government,NA)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Comparison between computer systems

Comparison Micro Mini Computers Mainframe Super


types Computers Computers Computers

Work place Small Medium High Huge


Size

Cost Less High High(More than Huge


minicomputers)

Less (100 kb More than High(is1-10 Huge(1 trillion


Speed per second) microcomputers(500kb million per floating-point
per minute) second) operations per
second)

Capacity Less More than micro High Huge


computers

Environments Home and LAN Environment WAN Large


Office Environment Organizations
Desktop IBM RISC 6000 IBM 704 IBM
Examples
computers HP mini computer IBM 370/168 Roadrunner
Laptops DEC 1090 IBM Blue
Mobile CYBER 170 Gene/L
computers
Using Accounting Engineering Corporate and Weather
purposes Entertainment Scientific Research organizations forecasting
Word Database System functions Climate
Processing Bulk data research
processing Molecular
Enterprise modeling
planning and Oil and gas
transaction exploration
processing

(Table 1)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Task 2.1
System design specification for Multimedia department

Specifications Requirements Reason

Processor Intel Core i3- Currently Intel is leading company and i3-2100
2100(Speed - 3.10 processor has some new graphics specification
GHz) such as Intel InTru 3D Technology, Intel
Flexible Display Interface (Intel FDI and Intel
Clear Video HD Technology which are helpful to
do multimedia works.

RAM DDR3 (4GB) DDR3 (4 GB) will offer best performance and it
will take less loading time for applications.

Video card AMD Radeon HD AMD Radeo HD 6450 is specially designed for
6450(VRAM- 0.5GB) multimedia purpose and it offer DirectX 11,
HD3D technology and multi-display technology
which help to create ultimate multi-monitor
desktop workstation.

Power supply Powerlogic(350Watts) High video cards are using in Multimedia


unit department So, it require 350 watts.
Hard Disk Seagate HDD(500 GB) Currently Seagate is a famous for HDD and
Drive Multimedia department requires lot of space.
Prices of Seagate hard disk drives are very low
than other hard disk drives.
Operating Windows 7 home Windows 7 is the latest operating and it will
system premium(64 bit) support all multimedia software.

(Table 2)

In system design specification I have mention everything as a best and cost of this SDS will
increase because its designed for Multimedia site which updated and growing rapidly
currently in the world.

(Intel Core i3-2100 Processor (3M Cache, 3.10 GHz), NA)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

System design specification for Finance and Accounts department

Specifications Requirements Reason

Intel Core 2 Quad Intel Core 2 Quad Q6600 processor has


Q6600 Virtualization Technology which helps to
Processor
increase manageability, security, and flexibility in
(Speed - 2.40 GHz)
Finance department and Accounts department.

RAM DDR2 (2GB) DDR2 (2 GB) will offer enough performance to


do finance and accounts functions.

Video card Nvidia GeForce GeForce GT520 offer DirectX 11, CUD and
GT520(VRAM- 0.5GB) PhysX technologies. So, these technologies will
enough to do accounts and finance functions.

Hard Disk Seagate HDD(300 GB) 300 GB space enough to keep information of
Drive accounts and finance department. Prices of
Seagate hard disk drives are very low than other
hard disk drives

Power supply Powerlogic(250Watts) 250 Watts power supply unit enough for finance
unit and accounts purpose computers.

Operating Windows 7 home Windows 7 is the latest operating and it will


system premium(64 bit) support all accounts and finance software.
(Table 3)

(Intel Core2 Quad Processor Q6600 (8M Cache, 2.40 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB), NA)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

System design specification for Administration department

Specifications Requirements Reason

Intel Pentium 4 Intel Pentium 4hasHyper-Threading Technology


Processor (Speed - 3.00E GHz) which helps to do higher processing of
administration works.

RAM DDR(2GB) DDR (2GB) will offer enough performance to do


Administration works.

GeForce620 offer DirectX 11, ultra-realistic


Video card Nvidia GeForce effects, unmatched multimedia functionality, and
620(VRAM- 0.5GB) the performance for all applications.

200 GB space enough to keep information of


Hard Disk Seagate HDD(200 GB) Administration department and prices of Seagate
Drive hard disk drives are very low than other hard disk
drives.

Power supply Powerlogic(250Watts) 250 Watts power supply unit enough for Intel
unit Pentium 4 computers.

Operating Windows 7 home Windows 7(32bit)is supported to above


system premium(32 bit) requirements and it will support to all applications
which are used in Administration department.
(Table 4)

(Intel Pentium 4 Processor supporting HT Technology 3.00 GHz, 1M Cache, 800 MHz
FSB, NA)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Task 2.2

Multimedia department
Following software are used in Multimedia department.

Adobe PhotoshopCS5 Extended


Adobe illustrator CS5
Adobe InDesignCS5
Adobe Acrobat 9.3 Professional
Adobe Flash Catalyst CS5
Adobe Flash Professional CS5
Adobe DreamweaverCS5
Adobe Fireworks CS5
Adobe PremierePro CS5
Adobe After Effects CS5
(These above software are come under CS5 MasterCollection)

Adobe Photoshop (CS5 Extended)


Adobe Photoshop CS5 designed to do graphics and editing in the images. Photoshop CS5
has some new features such as content-aware fill which helps us to remove any object from
a picture and magically fill the space in the removed area. Adobe Photoshop has make
complex selections as easier such as adding new painting effects and changing a
photograph into an art.

Adobe illustrator CS5


Adobe illustrator designed to make illustrations such as cartoon books designs and
packaging labels designs. Adobe illustrator CS5 helps to do round trip editing with Flash
Catalyst and raster effects.

Adobe InDesign CS5


Adobe InDesign CS5 is a desktop publishing program. It's used in many newspapers,
advertising agencies to publish their works. Adobe InDesign helps to create interactive
documents and presentations which feature motion, sound and video.

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Adobe Acrobat 9.3 Professional


Adobe Acrobat has set the standard for document creation and it helps to transfer across
internet. Adobe Acrobat 9.3 has wraps animation and Video into PDF. It allows to package
layouts, images, video and animations into one file.

Adobe Flash Catalyst CS5


Adobe Flash helps to transform Photoshop, Illustrator and Fireworks artwork into interactive
projects. Adobe Flash Catalyst CS5 no needs any coding to transform Photoshop, illustrator
and fireworks into projects.

Adobe Flash Professional CS5


Adobe Flash Professional helps to do animation, motion graphics and animated clips. Adobe
Flash Professional CS5 has some new features such as Code Snip pits, Text Layout
Framework and Inverse Kinematics.

Adobe Dreamweaver CS5


Adobe Dreamweaver CS5 helps to do web designing and it has some new features such as
Browser Lab and Catalyst services.

Adobe Fireworks CS5


Adobe Fireworks CS5 makes the imaging processing easily and it helps to create interactive
designs and graphics. Adobe Fireworks has features such as Auto shapes, Toolbar Style
and Photoshop Interface.

Adobe Premiere Pro CS5


Purpose of Adobe Premiere Pro is helps to edit video files in many ways. It has new
features such as high-performance editing workflow, Warp Stabilizer effect and Three-Way
Color Corrector.

Adobe After Effects CS5


Adobe After Effects helps to creative visual effects and motion graphics in Video. It has new
features such as Roto Brush tool, support for AVC-Intra and RED tapeless formats.

(The Works: Whats Included in Adobe CS5 Master Collection, 2010)

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Computer systems

Here I have given the system requirements of Adobe CS5 Master Collection (Which include
above software)

Computer: Intel Pentium 4 or AMD Athlon 64 processor (Intel Core i3, i5, i7, or AMD
Phenom II recommended); Intel Core 2 Duo or AMD Phenom II required for Premiere Pro;
CPU with 64-bit support required for Premiere Pro and After Effects

Operating System: Windows XP SP3, Vista SP2, 7; Vista (64-bit) or 7 (64-bit) required for
Premiere Pro and After Effects

Memory: 2GB (4GB recommended)

Hard Drive: 24.3GB (Additional free space required during installation; Cannot install on
removable flash storage devices); 7200rpm hard drive required for editing compressed
video formats; RAID 0 array required for editing uncompressed formats

OpenGL graphics card, 16-bit color, and 256MB of VRAM; Adobe-certified GPU card for
GPU-accelerated performance in Premiere Pro; Some GPU-accelerated features require
graphics support for Shader Model 3.0 and OpenGL 2.0; Some features in Adobe Bridge
rely on a DirectX 9 capable graphics card with at least 64MB of VRAM
(Adobe Creative Suite 5.5 Master Collection Software for Windows (Upgrade from CS5
Master Collection), NA)

Justification
System design
Specifications specification Software requirements Justify( )Or
requirements Not)

Processor Intel Core i3-2100 (Intel Core i3, i5, i7)


(Speed - 3.10 GHz)

RAM DDR3 (4GB) 4GB recommended

Video card AMD Radeon HD 6450, (VRAM256MB)GPU


DirectX11(VRAM- card should offer
0.5GB) DirectX 9

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Computer systems


Hard Disk Drive Seagate HDD(500 Hard Drive: 24.3GB (Else space to keep
GB) multimedia works for
a long time)

Operating Windows 7 home XP SP3 or Windows


system premium(64 bit) 7(64bit)
(Table 5)

Finance and Accounts department


Following software are used in Finance and Accounts department.

QuickBooks Pro Small Business Accounting Software


QuickBooks SimpleStart 2010 Software
ACCPAC Advantage Series Enterprise Edition

QuickBooks Pro Small Business Accounting Software


QuickBooks has everything about business finance and accounts functions. It helps to
create Estimates, Quotes and Invoicing, Cash Flow, VAT and helps to calculate employee
time and job costs of the organizations.

QuickBooks Simple Start 2010 Software


QuickBooks Simple Start is easy-to-use and free accounting software designed to help small
business. It helps to makes estimating, invoicing, accepting payments, Tax, and keeping
organizations' finances quick and easy.
(Above two software are come under Quick book package.)

Here I have given the system requirements of Quick book package (Which include Quick
book start and pro software)

2.0 GHz processor; 2.4 GHz recommended

1 GB RAM for single user, 2 GB RAM recommended for multiple users

Display optimized for 1024 x 768 screen resolution or higher; 16-bit color or higher
windows

2.5 GB of disk space (additional space required for data files)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

additional software: 250 MB for Microsoft .NET 4.0 Runtime, provided on the
QuickBooks CD

Additional requirements for Intuit Data Protect in QuickBooks Connected Services


offerings
Require minimum 2.0 GB Ram
Twice the size of the largest File set to back up + 100MB
(QuickBooks Pro 2010 Small Business Accounting Software, NA)
(QuickBooks Pro or Premier hardware and operating system requirements (client and
server),NA)

Justification

System design
specification
Specifications Software requirements Justify( )Or
requirements
Not)

Processor Intel Core 2 Quad 2.0 or 2.4 GHz


Q6600 (Speed - 2.40 recommended
GHz)

RAM DDR2(4GB) 1GB or 2GB RAM


(Else to work
speed)


(Else space to keep
Hard Disk Drive Seagate Hard Drive 2.5GB
Finance and accounts
HDD(300 GB)
works for a long time)

Operating system Windows 7 home (16bit) Windows


premium(64 bit)
(Table 6)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

ACCPAC Advantage Series Enterprise Edition

ACCPAC Advantage Series Enterprise Edition is a business management system that


provides entire accounting system. It helps to do finance and accounting functions such as
General Ledger, Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable, Inventory Control, Order Entry,
Purchase Orders, Payroll and Transactions modules are also available.

System requirements of ACCPAC Advantage Series Enterprise Edition

Intel Core 2 Duo or higher

2GB RAM (XP)

4GB RAM (Vista/Windows7)

5 - 10 GB space

Windows XP Pro, Vista, Windows 7

(Sage ERP Accpac Compatibility Guide, Recommended Hardware Specifications, NA)

Justification

System design
Specifications specification Software requirements Justify( )Or
requirements Not)
Intel Core 2 Quad Intel Core 2 Duo or
Processor Q6600 higher
(Speed - 2.40 GHz)

RAM DDR2(4GB) 2GB RAM for XP or


4GB RAM for (Else to work
windows7 speed)

Hard Disk Drive Seagate 5 - 10 GB (Else space to keep
HDD(300 GB) Finance and accounts
works for a long time)
Operating system Windows 7 home Windows 7 or XP or
premium(64 bit) Vista
(Table 7)

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Computer systems

Administration Department
Following software are used in Administration department

Microsoft Word 2010


Microsoft Excel 2010
Microsoft Access 2010
Microsoft Outlook 2010
Microsoft Publisher 2010

Microsoft Word 2010

Microsoft Word is word processing software it helps to produce letters and memos. By using
MS Word easily we can mail a merge list of names and address to many mailers. It has
some new features such as edit and applies effects to the picture and edit a document with
other authors at the same time.

Microsoft Excel 2010

Microsoft Excel is spreadsheet software which allows to do company's income. Expenditure


and calculate the balance. It has new features such as Highlight data trends in seconds
using Spark lines.

Microsoft Access 2010

Microsoft Access is database software which allows creating and modifying databases. It
has new features such as easily automate common tasks by using the Macro Designer and
exploring data easily by using drag-and-drop navigation forms.

Microsoft Outlook 2010

Microsoft Outlook designed for mail service and it helps to share mailboxes and calendars,
Exchange public folders and SharePoint lists. It has new feature that is, its connected with
social and business network updates.

Microsoft Publisher 2010

It helps to create professional newsletters, brochures and post cards. It has new alignment
guidance technology which provide align shapes, images, and text.

(Above software are comes under Microsoft Office Home and Business 2010 Package.)

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Computer systems

Here I have given the system requirements of Microsoft Office Home and Business 2010
Package.

500 MHz or faster processor

256 MB RAM; 512 MB recommended for graphics features, Outlook Instant Search,
and certain advanced functionality.

3.0 GB available disk space

Operating system Windows XP (must have SP3) (32-bit), Windows 7, Windows Vista
with Service Pack (SP) 1, Windows Server 2003 with SP2 and MSXML 6.0 (32-bit
Office only), Windows Server 2008, or later 32- or 64-bit OS.

Graphics hardware acceleration requires a DirectX 9.0c graphics card with 64 MB or


more video memory.

512 MB RAM recommended for accessing Outlook data files larger than 1GB.

2 GHz processor or faster and 1 GB RAM or more recommended for OneNote Audio
Search.
(What's new in Office 2010?, NA)
(Microsoft Office 2010 system requirements, NA)

Justification

System design
specification
Specifications Software requirements Justify( )Or Not)
requirements

Processor Intel Pentium 500 MHz or faster



4(Speed - 3.00E processor
GHz)

RAM DDR(2GB) 512MB or 1 GB or


faster than 1GB (Else to
workspeed)

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Computer systems

Video card Nvidia GeForce 620, (VRAM512MB)GPU


DirectX 11(VRAM- card should offer
0.5GB) DirectX 9.0


(Else space to keep
Hard Disk Drive Seagate Hard Drive: 3.0 GB
Administration works for
HDD(200 GB)
a long time)

Operating system Windows 7 home XP SP3 or Windows7


premium(32 bit)

(Table 8)

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Computer systems

Task 3.1

Guidelines to configure, computer system


Include guidelines for hardware, software customization
Give users security implementation methods

Relevant guidelines are recorded and its been provided in the CD. The name of the
folder is Task 3.1

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Task 3.2
Standard test criteria to detect Floppy disk drive

Steps to test floppy disk drive YES NO

1. Plug the floppy drive into the appropriate place and turn on the monitor
and PC

2. Run the ROM BIOS setup program and set the correct drive type

3. Install Check it or XT/AT diagnostics software

4. By using XT/AT diagnostics software check floppy drive's operation

5. Is the floppy disk drive detected and performed?

(Table 9)
In the above table
If all steps get YES, your Floppy disk drive works properly.
If of one of the step get NO, test again and make sure that the floppy drive is
correctly placed to the CPU. Then also it is not worked, the floppy disk drive dead
and replace new floppy disk drive.

Standard test criteria to detect Hard disk

Steps to test hard disk YES NO

1. Plug the hard drive into the appropriate place, connect the power data
cable to the HDD and motherboard and turn on the PC

2. Run the ROM BIOS setup program and do hard disk drive auto
detecting

3. Install and check with Disk Manager or Check it or XT/AT diagnostics


software to check hard disks operation

4. Is the hard disk drive detected and performed?

(Table 10)
In the above table
If all steps get YES, your hard disk drive works properly.

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Computer systems

If of one of the step get NO, test again and make sure that the hard disk drive is
correctly placed to the CPU. Then also it is not worked, the hard disk drive dead
and replace new hard disk drive.

Standard test criteria to detect Monitor

Steps to test monitor YES NO

1. Clean the RAM by Harris brush and properly insert into memory slot on
the motherboard

2. Clean the VGA card by Harris brush and properly insert into AGP slot
on the motherboard

3. Plug the monitor power cable into the appropriate place, turn on the
computer and check monitor is working or not

4. Install and check with Check it and HP system advanced diagnostics


software to get monitor's display capability

5. Is the Monitor detected and performed?

(Table 11)
In the above table
If all steps get YES, your monitor works properly.
If of one of the step get NO, test again and make sure that the monitor power
data cable is correctly plugged. Then also it is not worked, the monitor dead and
replace new monitor.
Standard test criteria to detect keyboard

Steps to test keyboard YES NO

1. Plug the keyboard cable into the appropriate place and turn on the PC.

2. Make sure on the keyboard at the right sight top, if the 3 bulbs should
not continually blink.

3. Install and check with Check it or XT/AT diagnostics software to check


keyboards operation

4. Is the Keyboard detected and performed?

(Table 12)

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

In the above table


If all steps get YES, your keyboard works properly.
If of one of the step get NO, test again and make sure that the keyboard cable is
correctly inserted. Then also it is not worked, the keyboard dead and replace new
keyboard.
Standard test criteria to detect memory (RAM)

Steps to test memory (RAM) YES NO

1. Clean the RAM by Harris brush and properly insert into first memory
slot on the motherboard

2. Turn on the PC and make sure if the beep sound is not coming

3. Right click the computer, select on properties and see the RAM is
mention or not

4. Is the RAM detected and performed?

(Table 13)
In the above table
If all steps get YES, your RAM works properly.
If of one of the step get NO, test again and make sure that RAM is correctly
fixed. Then also it is not worked, remove the RAM and check into another
computer. If the RAM is working on another computer, your PCs motherboard is
damaged. If the RAM is not working on another computer, the RAM dead and
replace new RAM.

Standard test criteria to detect processor

Steps to test processor YES NO

1. Clean the CPU socket with blower and apply context cleaner

2. Fix the processor over CPU socket and fix the heat sink fan over
processor

3. Turn on the PC, run BIOS setup and see the system information

4. Looking at system information, tell is the processor detected and


performed?

(Table 14)

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Computer systems

In the above table


If all steps get YES, your processor works properly.
If of one of the step get NO, test again and make sure that the processor
correctly fixed. Then also it is not worked, remove the processor and check into
another computers motherboard. If the processor is working on another computer,
your PCs motherboard is damaged. If the processor is not working on another
computer, the processor dead and replace new processor.

Standard test criteria to detect power supply unit

Steps to test power supply unit YES NO

1. Remove the power supply unit from the casing

2. Take a string and shortened the green wire and black wire in ATX
24/20 pin power connector

3. Take screw driver tester, give power to power supply ,using tester
check with the shortened wire and make sure the power supply unit
fan is working

4. Is the power supply unit detected and worked?

(Table 15)
In the above table
If all steps get YES, your power supply unit works properly.
If of one of the step get NO, test again. Then also it is not worked, the power
supply unit dead and replace new power supply unit.

Standard test criteria to detect VGA card

Steps to test VGA card YES NO

1. Fix the VGA card into AGP slot

2. Connect the monitor cable to VGA port

3. Turn on the PC, see the display is working and install the driver of
VGA card

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

4. Right click the computer, select on manage, click on device manager


and see the VGA card driver is mention or not

6. Is the VGA card detected and performed?

(Table 16)
In the above table
If all steps get YES, your VGA card works properly.
If of one of the step get NO, test again and make sure that the VGA card is
correctly fixed on AGP slot. Then also it is not worked, remove the VGA card and
check into another computers motherboard. If the VGA card is working on another
computer, your PCs motherboard is damaged. If the VGA card is not working on
another computer, the VGA card dead and replace new VGA card.

Standard test criteria to detect sound card and network card

Steps to test sound card and network card YES NO

1. Fix the sound card and network card into PCI or PCIE slot

2. Connect the speakers cable to sound port and connect the network
line into Ethernet port.

3. Turn on the PC and install the drivers of sound card and network card

4. Right click the computer, select on manage, click on device manager


and see the sound card and network drivers are mention or not

5. Are the sound card and network card detected and worked?

(Table 17)
In the above table
If all steps get YES, your sound card and network card works properly.
If of one of the step get NO, test again and make sure that the sound card and
network card are correctly fixed on PCI or PCIE slot. Then also it is not worked,
remove the sound card and network card check into another computers
motherboard. If the sound card and network are working on another computer,
your PCs motherboard is damaged. If the sound card and network card are not
working on another computer, the sound card and network card dead and replace
new sound card and network card.

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Standard test criteria to detect Hardware

Steps to test hardware YES NO

1. Check the drivers and cables are firmly and correctly connected

2. Check hardware devices are properly installed with drivers software

3. Check the virus attack and remove it by using antivirus software

4. Remove the unused devices and replace it new one

5. Is the hardware detected and performed?

(Table 18)
In the above table
If all steps get YES, hardware works properly on your computer.
If of one of the step get NO, test again and make sure that the hardware devices
and cable are correctly fixed and drivers software is installed. Then also it are not
worked, the hardware devices dead and replace new hardware devices which are
not worked.

Standard test criteria to detect Software

Steps to test software YES NO

1. Check the virus attack and remove by antivirus software

2. Check your software are installed properly

3. Try to re-install it again with same software cd

4. Run scan disc for your computer

5. Make sure the above process are done with windows safe mode

6. Is the software detected and worked?

(Table 19)
In the above table
If all steps get YES, software works properly on your computer.
If of one of the step get NO, test again and make sure that all the software are
re-installed properly with windows safe mode. Then also it are not worked, the
software are corrupted and re-install it properly.

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Standard test criteria to detect Peripheral devices (printer, scanner, plotter and etc..)

Steps to test Peripheral devices YES NO

1. Plug the peripheral devices power cable into the appropriate place on
the motherboard.

2. Turn on the PC and install the drivers software of peripheral devices

3. Right click the computer, select on manage, click on device manager


and see the peripheral devices are mention or not

4. Are the peripheral devices are detected and performed?

(Table 20)
In the above table
If all steps get YES, peripheral devices work properly.
If of one of the step get NO, test again and make sure peripheral devices cables
properly plugged and its drivers are installed. Then also it are not worked, the
peripheral devices damaged and replace new peripheral devices which are
damaged.

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Task 4.1
Computers are performing many roles in different departments because of software and
hardware. Hardware and software needs to maintain in order to work properly. Hardware
and software are working together to make functions of computer. If one of these gets fails,
the computer will not work at any time and it may face many failure issues. So, hardware
and software maintenance is important to increase the performance of computer as well as
to avoid failures.

I recommend performing hardware and software maintenance every 2 months if the


computer use every day.

If the hardware and software maintenance is not followed, the computer will face a risk of
that will break down a card or any other components of PC. The processing speed will be
slow. Mainly it will get problem on the internet because internet is a place where any kind of
virus can infect to the computer if the antivirus software is not maintained.

If the hardware and software maintenance followed, it can detect failures, it will increase the
life time of components of computer, it will reduce repairs of computer and will increase
overall performances of computer.

Following are needed to perform in order to do software maintenance for


computer.

Disk defragmenter
Disk cleanup
Disk check
Cleaning the registry
Backup
Antivirus software checkups

Disk defragmenter

Disk Fragmentation will make hard disk to work efficiently and it will increase the speed of
computer. The main job of disk defragmenter is rearranging fragmented data for given hard
drive or USB flash drive. By doing disk fragmentation, hard disks and drives will work more
efficiently than current status. You also can set schedule to do disk defragmentation as well
as can do manually.

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Computer systems

Advantages of Disk defragmenter

Computer programs will run faster and more efficiently when the disk
defragmentation followed.
Disk defragmenter will make your unarranged files as arranged files. So, the
components of drive no need to travel in a long distance to check or find data.
When antivirus scans your hard drive, it will take less time because the hard drive
has fragmented by Disk defragmenter.
This protects the hard drive from overworking itself because the files are sorted so
the hard drive doesnt need to work as more hard to read necessary files.

Guideline to do Disk defragmenter

Option 1

Select Start menu Double click on All Programs Click on Accessories Click
on System tools Click on Disk Defragmenter Select your hard drive which you
want to check Click on Defragment disk When defragmentation is finished click on
Close

Option 2

Select Start menu Click on Computer Right click you hard drive which you want to
check Click on Properties Click on Tools tab Click on the Defragment now
When defragmentation is finished click on Close

To automate defragmentation

Select Start menu Double click on All Programs Click on Accessories Click
on System tools Click on Disk Defragmenter Click on Configure schedule Set
frequency Set day Set time Select disk that you want to check Click on
Ok

I recommend to do automate defragmentation which done automatically because it's easy to


forget to do it manually and automate defragmentation can maintain forever.

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Disk cleanup

The Disk Cleanup utility is a tool which removing temporary files and unnecessary files from
your hard drive to free up disk space and it will help your computer to run fast. Following are
check and clean by Disk cleanup:

Temporary Internet Files: which allow web pages to load more quickly
Downloaded Program Files: Its location for programs downloaded
Recycle Bin: Files that have been marked as deleted
Temporary Files: The files which are TEMP format
Web client/publisher temporary files.
Compress old files.
Catalog files for the content indexer.

Advantages of Disk cleanup

Saving time because when we find and delete all files (Temporary files, downloaded
program files, recycle bin and etc.) manually, It will take more time but Disk Cleanup
does it in less time.
Increases the amount of free space on your hard drive by compressing files which
have not used in your computer.
Increasing the reliability of your computer because Disk cleanup removing the
unwanted programs, unwanted files and temporary files.

Guideline to do Disk cleanup

Option 1

Select Start menu Double click on All Programs Click on Accessories Click
on System tools Click on Disk cleanup Select drive that you want to cleanup
Click on Ok Then Disk cleanup will calculate the free space on your computer and after
the calculation is complete,you will be a see a dialog box,in that confirm that only the
following check boxes are checked: downloaded program files, temporary internet files,
recycle bin and temporary files Click on OK Finally, you will see a dialog box that
prompts you: Are you sure you want to permanently delete these files? Click on Delete
Files Disk cleanup will delete the files and close automatically.

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Option 2

Select Start menu Click on Computer Right click you hard drive which you want to
check Click on Properties Click on General tab Click on the Disk Cleanup
Select drive that you want to cleanup Click on Ok Then Disk cleanup will
calculate the free space on your computer and after the calculation is complete, you will be a
see a dialog box, in that confirm that only the following check boxes are checked:
downloaded program files, temporary internet files, recycle bin and temporary files Click
on OK Finally, you will see a dialog box that prompts you: Are you sure you want to
permanently delete these files? Click on Delete Files Disk cleanup will delete the
files and close automatically.

Disk check

Disk check will remove the system errors, bad sectors from your hard drive to free up disk
space and it will help your computer to run fast.

Advantages of Disk check

Disk check will remove the errors files from your hard drive.
Increasing the free amount of hard drive because its removing errors.
The computer failures will be less.

Guideline to do Disk check

Select Start menu Click on Computer Right click you hard drive which you want to
check Click on Properties Click on Tools tab Click on the Check now under
Error-checking You will be getting a window which saying disk check options Select
both options Click on Start button When the scan is complete you will be getting a
results (This process will happen if the selected hard disk is not in use) Click on Ok

If the selected hard disk is in use following will be changes

After clicking Start button Then click on the Schedule disk check Restart your
computer At the first (before loading splash screen), you will be getting page which
checking your hard drive When the scan is complete you will see a report Computer
welcome page will be load.

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Cleaning the registry

When you install application software, it will be automatically registered in the computer. If
the application software was uninstalled it doesnt mean that completely removed because
the registry remains on the computer and it should be always maintain the existences of
application software whatever you installed.

I recommend using Your Uninstaller 2010 because it will remove the existence application
from registry in less time.

Advantages of cleaning the registry

Registry files can be cleaned manually


Saver Removal Of Malicious And Old Registry Entries
Registry cleaners also have a schedule. So, you do not need to think about registry
maintenance.
Increase the efficiency of the computer by cleaning the unwanted files from the
registry

Backup

Backup is storing copies of your files on your hard disk. The reason of making backups is to
protect against the files.

Advantages of Backup

Can protect data of hard drives for a long time.


It enhances the security of data.

Guideline to do backup

(Relevant guidelines are recorded and its been provided in the CD. The name of the folder
is Task 4.1)

Antivirus software checkups

Antivirus software is used to safeguard a computer from spyware, malware, including viruses
that coming from internet, computer worms, and Trojans.

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Computer systems

Advantages of antivirus software

Protection from Viruses


Maintain the computer's Security
Protect Data and Files
Protect Against Email Threats/Spam
Protect from spyware and malware

Guideline to do antivirus software

(Relevant guidelines are recorded and its been provided in the CD. The name of the folder
is Task 4.1)

Following are needed to perform in order to do hardware maintenance


for computer

Firewall
Backup
Reduce heat
Clean dust
Check electricity
Maintain computer hardware or maintain components of computer

Firewall

Firewall is software which checks data and information that coming from the internet. Mainly
it will stop hackers and malicious software from getting access and damages to your
computer. Its containing of software firewalls and hardware firewalls.

Advantages of firewall

If the firewall is working, your antivirus will work effectively.


Firewall will help your computer from outside hacker attacks.
Increase the speed because the hardware firewalls are worked for faster response
times and it handle more traffic loads than currents status of your computer,
Hardware firewalls will enhance the security controls of your computer.

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Computer systems

Guideline to do Firewall

(Relevant guidelines are recorded and its been provided in the CD. The name of the folder
is Task 4.1)

Backup

Backup is storing copies of your files on your hard disk. The reason of making backups is to
protect against the files.

Advantages of Backup

Can protect data of hard drives for a long time.


It enhances the security of data.

Guideline to do backup

(Relevant guidelines are recorded and its been provided in the CD. The name of the folder
is Task 4.1)

Reduce heat

Heat is a most important thing when using computer. Overheating will be interrupt the
functions of processor and hard disk which are most important component of a computer
system and without these components computer will not work. To avoid overheating, keep
the computer in a well-ventilated area and operate it or open the case of the CPU. So
maintain this strategy whenever using the computer in BCAS in order to reduce heat.

Clean dust

Dust is normally around everywhere especially in every lecture hall and labs in BCAS
because BCAS located near the roads. So, dusts will accumulate inside the system of
computers and it will not make PC to run smoothly. To overcome this, the system unit of
computer in BCAS should be cleaned at least once a month. Simply by using as smooth
brush can clean dust. Avoid using water because it will create a short circuit to the
components of computer. By maintain this method, computer hardware components will not
damage.

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S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Check electricity

Electricity is main power of a computer which giving electric to all components of computer.
To run computers efficiently, maintain the voltage of electricity is important especially in
BCAS because BCAS having large numbers of computer. While using computer, if the
electricity is fluctuating it will damage the hard disk and the Power Supply. If electricity
fluctuation is happening continuously, just turn off the computers that have been using in
BCAS and use the computers when the electricity runs normal.

Maintain computer hardware or maintain components of computer

To maintain components of computers following actions needed to perform in BCAS

Clean the computer case with a blower once every week because the dust will
accumulate inside the CPU and it can affect the performance of computer.
Buy a quality fan for your processor which will make more RPM (revolution per
minute) and check type of the heat sink (Copper is recommended).
Fix more of fans in CPU because when the temperature of components increases it
will affect the performance of hardware as well as computer speed.
Every month check power supply voltage because if the voltage is not correct it will
affect the performance of computer.
Buy more memory cards to enhance the speed of computer.
Buy new graphic card to get better display if the old is not good.
Upgrade components of computer whenever its not work.
Follow standard test criteria to check components of computer. If the components are
not work, replace it.

(Advantages of Disk Cleanup, NA)


(How To Perform Software Maintenance?, NA)
(Defragment Your Windows 7 Computer, NA)
(Delete files using Disk Cleanup, NA)

54
S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Task 4.2

System design specifications for game development and


mobile application

Specifications Requirements Reason

Brand Dell Inspiron 560 Dell Inspiron 560 has been rated as 1st rank in
2012 best multimedia computers.
Currently Intel is leading company and i7-2600
processor has some new graphics specification
Intel Core i7-2600 such as Intel InTru3D Technology, Intel Quick
Processor (8M Cache, Speed - Sync Video, Dual Display Capable, Intel Flexible
3.10 GHz) Display Interface (Intel FDI) and Intel Clear Video
HD Technology which are helpful to do
multimedia works.
Following advance technologies has been
supported
IntelTurbo Boost Technology
Intel vPro Technology
Intel Hyper-Threading Technology
Intel Virtualization Technology (VT-x)
Intel Virtualization Technology for Directed
I/O (VT-d)
Intel Trusted Execution Technology
AES New Instructions
Intel 64
Idle States
Enhanced Intel SpeedStep Technology
Thermal Monitoring Technologies
Intel Fast Memory Access
Intel Flex Memory Access
Execute Disable Bit
Intel VT-x with Extended Page Tables(EPT)

55
S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

RAM DDR3 (8GB) DDR3 (8 GB) will offer best performance and it
will take less loading time for multimedia software
which are latest and currently using

AMD Radeo HD 6450 is specially designed for


multimedia purpose and it offer DirectX 11,
Video card AMD Radeon HD occlusion culling, HD3D technology and multi-
6450(VRAM- 1GB) display technology which help to create ultimate
multi-monitor desktop workstation.

Power supply Powerlogic(500Watts) When using new multimedia technologies, it will


unit require 500 watts and high video cards also
require the same.

Currently Seagate is a famous for SDD and


Hard Disk Seagate SDD (1 TB) Multimedia department requires lot of space. SDD
Drive is a latest hard drive which using in famous
multimedia companies.

Operating Windows 7 home Windows 7 is the latest operating and it will


system premium(64 bit) support all multimedia software.

(Table 21)

(Intel Core i7-2600 Processor (8M Cache, up to 3.80 GHz), NA)

Following software are currently mostly used for game development

Unity3d
Unreal Development Kit

Unity 3d

Unity3d is game development software. It has a WYSIWYG tools and its very easy to add
and change things.

56
S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Unity3d has objected oriented programming languages which including JavaScript, C#, and
Boo. It provides guild line to create games. Another unique feature is, it will allow playing
game immediately in the editor when the game design has been created.

Mainly it helps to create a fast-forward the game in the editor. Unity3d also has easy
publishing. All you need to do is just Build and when builds the complete game, it will ready
for people to download and play. Whenever new features are releasing, Unity3d has
upgrades to provide new features.

Following are system requirements of Unity3d

Windows: XP SP2 or later; Mac OS X: Intel CPU & "Leopard" 10.5 or later. Note that Unity
was not tested on server versions of Windows and OS X
Graphics card with DirectX 9 level (shader model 2.0) capabilities. Any card made since
2004 should work.
Using Occlusion Culling requires GPU with Occlusion Query support (some Intel GPUs do
not support that).

System Requirements for Unity Android Authoring

Windows XP SP2 or later; Mac OS 10.5.8 or later


Android SDK and Java Development Kit (JDK)
Android authored content requires devices equipped with:
Android OS 2.0 or later
Device powered by an ARMv7 (Cortex family) CPU
GPU support for OpenGLES 2.0 is recommended
System Requirements for Unity-Authored Content
Windows XP or later; Mac OS X 10.5 or later.
Pretty much any 3D graphics card, depending on complexity.
Online games run on all browsers, including IE, Firefox, Safari, and Chrome, among others

(System Requirements, NA)


(UnityHardwareRequirements, NA)

57
S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Justification

Specifications System design Unity3d Software Justify( )Or


specification requirements requirements Not)

Processor Intel Core i7-2600 (Intel CPU 1.66 GHz)


(Speed - 3.10 GHz)

RAM DDR3 (8GB) 2GB recommended


(Else to do render
process and to do
several works at one
time)

Video card AMD Radeon HD 6450, GPU with Occlusion


DirectX11(VRAM- 1GB) Query support
(2.1 GPU) (shader model
2.0)(DirectX 9)

Hard Disk Drive Seagate SDD(1 TB) Hard Drive: 16GB (Else space to keep
multimedia game
development files for a
long time)

Operating Windows 7 home XP SP2 or later


system premium(64 bit)

(Table 22)

Unreal Development Kit

UDK is a strong and professional game engine tool which is free. It is having a full-fledged
tool and it allows creating professional games. It has some features such as art rendering
and animation integration. It includes Unreal Kismet, which is providing visual programming
editor. UDK has built in networking, artificial intelligence and destructible environments.

58
S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Following are system requirements of Unreal Development Kit

Processor: 2.0+ GHz processor


RAM: 2 GB system RAM
Hard Drive Space: 3 GB free hard drive space
Operating System: Windows XP SP2, Windows Vista or Windows Vista 64 SP2 or
later

Recommended System Requirements

Processor: 2.0+ GHz multi-core processor


RAM: 8 GB System RAM
Video Memory: NVIDIA 8000 series or higher graphics card

(System Requirements, NA)

Justification

Specifications System design UDK Software Justify( )Or Not)


specification requirements requirements

Processor Intel Core i7-2600 (2.0+ GHz multi-core


(Speed - 3.10 GHz) processor or 2.0Ghz)

RAM DDR3 (8GB) 8GB


recommended or (Else to do render
2GB process and to do
several works at one
time)

Video card AMD Radeon HD 6450, NVIDIA 8000


DirectX11(VRAM- 1GB) series or higher
(2.1 GPU) graphics card

Hard Disk Drive Seagate SDD(1 TB) Hard Drive: 3GB (Else space to keep
multimedia game
development files)

59
S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Operating Windows 7 home Windows XP SP2,


system premium(64 bit) Windows Vista or
Windows Vista 64 SP2
or later

(Table 23)

Following software is currently most used for mobile application development

Adobe Dreamweaver cs6

Adobe Dreamweaver cs6

Adobe Dreamweaver is a Web development tool. It includes a code editor, a visual design
mode, sophisticated Cascading Style Sheet tools for creating and editing. In Dreamweaver
CS6, Adobe has a tool to build mobile-ready websites, Phone Gap build and a cloud-based
service for mobile platforms.

Following are system requirements of Adobe Dreamweaver cs6

Intel Pentium 4 or AMD Athlon 64 processor


Windows XP SP2 (SP3 recommended); Windows Vista Home Premium, Business,
Ultimate, or Enterprise (SP1); Windows 7
512MB RAM
1GB available hard drive space for installation - and it can't be installed on removable
flash-based storage
1280x800 display with 16-bit video card
DVD-ROM drive
QuickTime 7.6.6 software required for HTML5 media playback
Internet connection required for online services and the software will not work without
activation

(Windows System Requirements for Dreamweaver CS6, NA)

60
S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Justification

System design Adobe Dreamweaver


Specifications specification requirements cs6 Software Justify( )Or Not)
requirements

Processor Intel Core i7-2600 (Intel Pentium 4 or


(Speed - 3.10 GHz) AMD Athlon 64
processor )

RAM DDR3 (8GB) 512mb RAM


(Else to do render
process and to do
several works at one
time)

Video card AMD Radeon HD 6450, 1280x800 display


DirectX11(VRAM- 1GB) with 16-bit video
(2.1 GPU) card


Hard Disk Drive Seagate SDD(1 TB) Hard Drive: 1GB (Else space to keep
multimedia mobile
development files)

Operating Windows 7 home Windows XP SP2 (SP3


system premium(64 bit) recommended);
Windows Vista Home
Premium, Business,
Ultimate, or Enterprise
(SP1); Windows 7

(Table 24)

61
S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Conclusion
These are the system specifications for multimedia department which includes Dell Inspiron
560, Intel Core i7-2600, DDR3 (8GB), AMD Radeon HD 6450(VRAM- 1GB), Powerlogic
(500Watts), Seagate SDD (1 TB) and Windows 7 home premium (64 bit). These
specifications are based on new technologies that have been used in games development
and mobile application development.

To support system design specifications I have chosen Unity3d and Unreal Development Kit
software which are mostly used in game development site and technology. System
requirements of the chosen software have been matched with the system design
specification that I have mentioned. This has been justified and the result has been analyzed
to its need.

To support system design specifications, Adobe Dreamweaver cs6 has been chosen in
mobile application development. System requirements of Adobe Dreamweaver cs6 have
been match with the system design specification that I have mentioned and proved by
justification.

By adopting to the system design specifications, BCAS would overcome its current problems
with computer systems. At the same time BCAS should be capable of purchasing computers
with mentioned system design specifications. So by implementing this process BCAS can
provide game development and mobile application development courses with new
technologies than its competitors

62
S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Conclusion
BCAS has planned to open up three departments to proceed with its functions. To carry on
with the function, computer systems will be used. Multimedia department can precede these
functions, web design, computer gaming and advertising by using proper software in
computer systems. The other two departments include, Budgeting, General ledger, Billing,
Cost accounting , Profit planning, letters, company's income and expenditure, Payments
transactions and network functions. Further each function has been explained in detail.

BCAS is using its computer systems to do functions by maintaining hardware, software and
peripheral components. Under these, all the components and the software has been
identified and explained.

In the IT environment currently these computers have been used, that are Micro Computers,
Mini Computers, Mainframe Computers and Super Computers. Comparison has been made
by cost, capacity, workplace and the purposes of each computer too have been compared.

Three system design specifications have been mentioned for the three departments of
BCAS. These has been justified and explained. Advise is been given to use the
specifications to benefit the operation works of BCAS.

BCAS can configure its own computer systems and can implement securities by the help of
the guide lines which includes assembling pc, installing OS, installing drivers, installing anti-
virus and security implementation ways.

Ways of testing the components of pc, hardware and software has been mentioned. By
following these mentioned test criteria, BCAS can overcome the problems of trouble
shooting and faults could be detected.

These are the hardware maintenance, firewall, backup, reduce heat, clean dust and check
electricity. Software maintenances are disk defragmenter, disk cleanup, disk check, cleaning
the registry, backup and antivirus software checkups. These should be maintained monthly
so that the current problems of computer system will be solved.

63
S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

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64
S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

Intel(NA), Intel Pentium 4 Processor supporting HT Technology 3.00 GHz, 1M


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65
S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)
Computer systems

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66
S. Sutharshan (BCAS, Batch IT-41)