Sei sulla pagina 1di 63

FS 4 Learning Episode 1

The meaning of Ccurriculum

Name (s) Designation Meaning Signature

1.

2.

3.

Conclusions (After analyzing the results of the interview, what can you conclude?)

Activity 1. Interview people from different schools in various disciplines and levels. Get their
opinions on the meaning of curriculum.
Activity 2 Visit the school library/surf the internet or consult the dictionary. Write two (2)
meanings of curriculum taken from authoritative sources

Meaning of Curriculum References

My Analysis
Activity 3 Evolve your own definition of curriculum. Consider all the meanings you have taken
from the different sources and from authoritative sources.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________
How do I feel after the activities?

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________
Why is curriculum important?

_________________________________________________________________________________
MyReflections/Insights
_________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

How can one enrich the curriculum in every school?

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________
LEARNING PORTFOLIO
Pieces of Evidence, Documents, Records, Picture and Other Learning Proofs of Evidence
FS 4 Learning Episode 2
The Types of Curricula in School
Activity 1. Visit the schools near your place or your alma mater. Interview a teacher,
administrator or former teacher in that school. Find out what curriculum is being used in the
school/colleges/universities in your place. Check the corresponding column.
Supported Curriculum

Assessed Curriculum

Learned Curriculum
Written Curriculum

Hidden Curriculum
Taught Curriculum
Recommended
Curriculum

Name (s) of
Schools /
Colleges /
Universities

1.
2.

3.

Activity 2. Interview a teacher from a school. Ask this question:

Why must the teacher be aware and sensitive to the hidden curriculum?

_________________________

Signature of the Interviewee

Over Printed Name


Activity 3. List down some of the tools used by the school to assess their curriculum.

Tools used by the


school to assess
their curriculum
MyReflections/Insights
______________________________________________________________________________

WHY DO I NEED TO KNOW THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF


CURRICULA?
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________

LEARNING PORTFOLIO
Pieces of Evidence, Documents, Records, Picture and Other Learning Proofs of Evidence
FS 4 Learning Episode 3
The Teacher as a Curricularist
Activity 1. Interview a teacher on the specific roles he/she plays as a curricularist. Your
interview must include a teacher in basic education and in tertiary level. Complete the matrix
given below.

Levels Roles as a Curricularist


Early Childhood

Name of Teacher
______________________________________
School: _______________________________
______________________________________

Signature: _____________________________
Elementary

Name of Teacher
______________________________________
School: _______________________________
______________________________________

Signature: _____________________________
Secondary Level

Name of Teacher
______________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
School: _______________________________
______________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________
Signature: _____________________________
Tertiary Level
_____________________________________________________________________________
Name of Teacher
_____________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
School: _______________________________
______________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Signature: _____________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________
Activity 2. After the interview, get samples/pieces of evidence to show that the teacher is a
_____________________________________________________________________________
curricularist. Write/paste or post them here.
_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________
Activity 3. Research in the library and look for a topic about the role of the teacher as a
curricularist. Complete the table below.

Research Title:
_____________________________________________________________________________
_

Researcher (s):
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
__

Findings: (Write the salient forms in bulleted form).


_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
Aware of the roles of teachers as a curricularist,
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
How do you perceive your role as curricularist?
___________________________________
MyReflections/Insights
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________
LEARNING PORTFOLIO
Pieces of Evidence, Documents, Records, Picture and Other Learning Proofs of Evidence
FS 4 Learning Episode 4
The Teacher as a Knower of Curriculum

Activity 1. Interview an administrator, a student and a parent. Find out their view points on the
traditional and progressive curriculum.

Name of faculty member: ________________________________________________________


School: _______________________________________________________________________
Subject Areas Taught/Handled: ____________________________________________________
Signature: _____________________________________________________________________

Aspects Traditional Progressive

Roles of Teacher

Roles of Pupils

Modes of Instruction
Instructional Materials

Modes of Assessment

Activity 2. Interview a teacher and an administrator. Find out their point of viewpoints on the
traditional and progreesive curriculum.

Name of faculty member: ________________________________________________________


School: _______________________________________________________________________
Subject Areas Taught/Handled: ____________________________________________________
Signature: _____________________________________________________________________
Aspects Traditional Progressive

Roles of Teacher

Roles of Pupils

Modes of Instruction

Instructional Materials

Modes of Assessment

Name of faculty member: ________________________________________________________


School: _______________________________________________________________________
Subject Areas Taught/Handled: ____________________________________________________
Signature: _____________________________________________________________________
Aspects Traditional Progressive

Roles of Teacher
Roles of Pupils

Modes of Instruction

Instructional Materials

Modes of Assessment

Activity 3. Call up your friends from other Teacher Education Institutions. Find out what is their
own point of view of curriculum. Put a check (/) mark on the correspomding column.

Name of
Traditional Progressive Both
Students/Schools
1. _________________
_________________
_________________

2. _________________
_________________
_________________

3. _________________
_________________
_________________

4. _________________
_________________
_________________

5. _________________
_________________
_________________

6. _________________
_________________
_________________
My Insights

__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

LEARNING PORTFOLIO
Pieces of Evidence, Documents, Records, Picture and Other Learning Proofs of Evidence
FS 4 Learning Episode 5
Approaches about School Curriculum
Activity 1. Accomplish the template given below by following the given sample.

Subjects Content Process Product


E.g.Curriculum Process Evolved a
Development with Definition of Read Post contextualized
Field Study 4 Curriculum Categorize definition of
Interview curriculum
1.

2.
3.

4.

_______________________________________________________________________________________
Activity 2. There are six (6) criteria in the selction of knowledge/subject matter. Interview a
teacher, the indicators for ecah criteria by answering the given question.

Criteria Questions Indicators


How do you know the
significance in the content of
1. Significance
the curriculum?

How do you know if the


2. Validity curriculum is valid?

When do we know that


3. Usefulness curriculum is useful?

When do you know the


content is within the range of
4. Learnability
your learners experience?

5. Feasibility When do you know that the


content is within time,
resources and expertise of
teacher and experiences of the
learners?

When do you know that the


learners are interested in
6. Interest
content?

My Insights
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

Activity 3. B.A.S.I.C. is an acronym to state the principles of curriculum content

Principle 1: Curriculum Content Sample


_____________________________________
Balance _____________________________________
Equitable assignment of contents, time, _____________________________________
experiences and other elements _____________________________________
Write the contents in one (1) subject area _____________________________________
for the first grading period. _____________________________________
_____________________________________

_____________________________________
Articulation _____________________________________
Curriculumis arranged vertically or _____________________________________
horizontally _____________________________________
_____________________________________
Write a sample content of one (1) topic in
_____________________________________
a subject from level to level or grade to
_____________________________________
grade.
_____________________________________

_____________________________________
Scope _____________________________________
Content, topics, learning experiences and _____________________________________
organizing the threads of an educational plan _____________________________________
_____________________________________
Write sample topics in a subject area.
_____________________________________
_____________________________________

_____________________________________
Integration _____________________________________
Curriculum is integrated and interconnected _____________________________________
_____________________________________
Cite a lesson which is integrated in other
_____________________________________
subjects.
_____________________________________

_____________________________________
Continuity _____________________________________
Vertical repetition and recurring approaches of _____________________________________
content _____________________________________
Write sample topics in a subject area _____________________________________
where content is organized in spiral _____________________________________
fashion breadth and depth _____________________________________
_____________________________________

LEARNING PORTFOLIO
Pieces of Evidence, Documents, Records, Picture and Other Learning Proofs of Evidence
FS 4 Learning Episode 6
Curriculum Development: Processes and Models

Activity 1. Visit the school and interview an administrator on at least one (1) curriculum model.
Accolplish the given matrix below.

Curriculum Model Best Features Insights


My Personal Insights

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

__________________________________________
Activity 2. These are the steps in the model of hilda taba. Interview a teacher and inquire how
these step are applied by accomplishing the given chart by giving concrete examples.

Steps Applications to Real Teaching


1. Diagnosisn of Learners Needs and
Expectations of Larger Society

2. Formulation of Learning Objectives

3. Selection of Learning Content

4. Organization of Learning Content

5. Selection of Learning Content

6. Modes of Evaluation

Activity 3. Complete the staircase of the Curriculum Development Process according to Tyler.
Write the answers in steps. Give examples for each step.
4.
________________________

3. ________________________

2. _________________________

1. ________________________

LEARNING PORTFOLIO
Pieces of Evidence, Documents, Records, Picture and Other Learning Proofs of Evidence

FS 4 Learning Episode 7
Foundations of Curriculum Development

Wil iam
Activity 1. Complete the timelines by indicating the significant contribution of each person.

Warret Charters Harold Rugg


Franklin Kilpatrick
Bobbit
1875 - 1952 1886 - 1960
1876 - 1956
1875 - 1952

Hollis Coswell
1901 - 1989
Ralph Tyler Hilda Taba Peter Oliva
1902 - 1994 1902 - 1967 1992 - 2012
Activity 2. Interview an administrator, a faculty and cite examples in each of the items given
below. Complete the table.

Foundations of Curriculum Samples/Situations


1. Philosophical Foundations

2. Historical Foundations

3. Psychological Foundations

4. Social Foundations

My Personal Insights
Activity 3. Evolve your own philosophy based on the existing philosophies of education.
Illustrate through a graphic organizer. Explain how this will be applied, if you are going to put up
your own school.

Explanation
LEARNING PORTFOLIO
Pieces of Evidence, Documents, Records, Picture and Other Learning Proofs of Evidence
FS 4 Learning Episode 8

Crafting the Curriculum: The Teacher as a Designer

Activity 1. Accomplish the matrix by interviewing an administrator and a teacher to explain how
the ten (10) axioms are realized in the school setting, the administrator or the teacher has the
option to choose the axiom that she/he wishes to explain.

Ten (10) Axioms for Curriculum Designers Situations/Samples on How These Axioms
are Realized in the School Setting
1. Curriculum change is inevitable,
necessary and desirable.

2. Curriculum reflects its own time. It is a


product of its time.

3. Curriculum changes made earlier can


exist concurrently with newer
curriculumchanges.
4. Curriculum change depends on people
who will implement the change.
5. Curriculum development is a
cooperative group activity.

6. Curriculum development is a decision-


making process made from choices or
alternatives.
7. Curriculum development is an on-going
process.

8. Curriculum development is more


effective if it is a comprehensive
process not piecemeal.
9. Curriculum development is more
effective when it follows a systematic
process.
10. Curriculum development starts from
where the curriculum is.

Activity 2. Observe a class or get a sample lesson. Using the elements/component, write a
sample curriculum using the template given below.

Intended Learning Subject Matter or Teaching/Learning Assessment/


Outcomes Learning Content Methods Evaluations
Activity 3. Request a sample lesson. Analyze the components present in the plan. Paste the
lesson plan below.

_______________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________
LEARNING PORTFOLIO
Collect three (3) sample lesson plans from various schools. Evaluate the similarities and
differences using the venn diagram.
____________________________
Name of School
Similarities in Component

____________________________ ____________________________
Name of School Name of School

FS 4 Learning Episode 9

Approaches to Curriculum Design

Activity 1. These are types of Curriculum Design Models. Complete the template given below
by citing their best features/advantages.

Curriculum Design Models Best Features


1. Subject-Centered Design

1.1 Subject design

1.2 Discipline Design

1.3 Correlation Design


1.4 Scrap field Design/Interdisciplinary
Design
2. Learner-Centered Design

2.1 Child-Centered Design

2.2 Experience-Centered Design

2.3 Humanistic Design

3. Problem-Centered Design

3.1 Life Situation Design

3.2 Core Problem Design

My Personal Insights
Activity 2. Interview at least four (4) people and ask them their perceptions about the K to 12
program. Complete the comic stip balloons.

____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
______________

Activity 3. Visit a Teacher Education Institution. Secure a copy of an OBE-based syllabus.


Analyze each component of the given syllabus. How are the components stated? Are the
activities aligned with the intended learning outcomes and modes of assessment?
LEARNING PORTFOLIO
Paste the curriculum samples gathered from the field.
FS 4 Learning Episode 10
Implementing the Curriculum: The Teacher as Curriculum
Implementer and Manager

__________________________________ ____________________________________
__________________________________ ____________________________________
__________________________________ ____________________________________
__________________________________ ____________________________________
__________________________________ ____________________________________
__________________________________ ____________________________________
__________________________________ ____________________________________
__________________________________ ____________________________________
__________________________________ __________________

Curriculum Changes

__________________________________ __________________________________
__________________________________ __________________________________
__________________________________ __________________________________
__________________________________ __________________________________
__________________________________ __________________________________
__________________________________ __________________________________
__________________________________ __________________________________
__________________________________ __________________________________
__________________________________ __________________________________
Activity 2. There are the categories of curriculum change. Get samples/situations for these
categories from the school you visited.

Categories of Curriculum Change Situation/Samples

1. Substitution
Replace the present with a new one.

2. Alteration
Introduce minor changes or
modification on the current one.

3. Restructuring
Introduce major modification of the
current curriculum.

4. Perturbation
Changes happen within a fairly short
time.
5. Value Orientation
Respond to shift in emphasis within the
vision/mission of the school.

Activity 3. Answer the question briefly. Why do we need to change the curriculum from time
to time?
LEARNING PORTFOLIO
Get one (1) clipping from newspapers or from an internet source about the current trends and
issues in education. Paste it on this page. Write your insights about the article on this page.
My Insights
______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

FS 4 Learning Episode 11

Stakeholders in Curriculum Development

Activity 1. Interview different stakeholders and inquire about their roles in curriculum
development.

Stakeholders of the Curriculum


Roles in Curriculum Development
Development
1. Learners _____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________

2. Teachers _____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________

3. School Leader/Administrator _____________________________________


_____________________________________
_____________________________________

4. Parents _____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________

5. Community _____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________

6. Other Agencies _____________________________________


_____________________________________
_____________________________________

My Reflections
__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

Activity 2. Interview the parents about the extent of their participation in enriching the
curriculum. Use the scale given below.

4 3 2 1
Very Large extent Large Extent Moderate Extent Little Extent
(VLE) (LE) (ME) (LE)

EXTENT OF PARTICIPATION
4 3 2 1
Activities VLE LE ME LE
1. Resource speaker

2. Teacher Aide

3. Judge/Coach/Mentor

4. Donor (Instructional Materials, etc.)

5. Others (pls. specify)

My Personal Insights

__________________________________________

__________________________________________

__________________________________________

__________________________________________

Activity 3. Reflect on the importance of stakeholders in curriculum implementation.


LEARNING PORTFOLIO
Paste pictures of stakeholders in curriculum implementation.
FS 4 Learning Episode 12

Curriculum Evaluation and The Teacher

Activity 1. Ask at least six (6) teachers , why there is a need to evaluate the curriculum.
Why do we need to
evaluate the
curriculum?