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Geological structure of the earth

Geological structure is the general form of the various components of the earth's
crust or lithosphere and their combination and features. It is the form of the
deformation and displacement of the crust movement in the crust. As the planet of our
life, the Geological structure of the earth should be the object of study.
Most of what we know about the interior of the Earth comes from the study of
seismic waves from earthquakes. Seismic waves from large earthquakes pass
throughout the Earth. These waves contain vital information about the internal
structure of the Earth. Because the speed of the seismic waves depends on density, we
can use the travel-time of seismic waves to map change in density with depth, and
show that the Earth is composed of several layers.
The crust layer varies in thickness from about 25 to 70 km under continents, and
from about 5 to 10 km under the oceans. Continental crust is quite complex in
structure and is made from many different kinds of rocks. The composition of the
crust in addition to sedimentary rocks, is basically granite, basalt and so on. The ocean
crust is almost or completely without granite
The mantle below the crust lies the dense mantle, extending to a depth of
2890 km. It consists of dense silicate rocks. This is the earth's largest volume, the
highest quality layer.
At the depth of about 2900 km is the boundary between the mantle and the
Earth's core. The core is composed of iron.
The geological structure refers to the formation of the crust and rock mass,
including internal and external dynamic geological deformation occurred under the
deformation, so as to form such as folds, joints, faults, cleavageand other various
surface and linear structure Such as the formation of the crust and rock formations, in
the internal and external geological (mostly tectonic movement), deformation and
deformation, the formation of the geometry, or residual traces.
Based on the nature and manner of crustal movement, there are primary and
secondary structures.
The original structure refers to the original state and appearance of rock or rock due to
internal or external forces, such as bedding (layered structure in sedimentary rocks).
Secondary structure refers to the deformation and displacement of the original
structure, such as secondary folds, faults, rift, subduction zone and so on.
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Geological structure of the size of different sizes, such as rock circle plate structure,
such as small mineral grain deformation.

Reference
http://www.bgs.ac.uk/discoveringGeology/hazards/earthquakes/StructureOfEarth.ht
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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Structural_geology