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REGOLE PER IL CALCOLO DEGLI INTEGRALI.

1) K f ( x)dx = K f ( x)dx 21)


1
dx = arctg x + c
1+ x2
2) [ f ( x) + g ( x)]dx = f ( x)dx + g ( x)dx 1
22) dx = arcsen x + c x p1
x +1 1 x2
3) x dx = + c con diverso da - 1.

1
+1
23)
1
1+ x
(
dx = log x + 1 + x 2 + c)
4) dx = log x + c
2

x 1
5) e x dx = e x + c 24) dx = log x + x 2 1 + c
x 1
2

6) sen xdx = cos x + c f ' ( x)


25) dx = arctg f ( x) + c
1 + f 2 ( x)
7) cos xdx = sen x + c
f ' ( x)
1 26) dx = arcsen f ( x) + c f(x) p 1
8) dx = tan x + c 1 f 2 ( x)
cos 2 x
9)
1
dx = cot x + c 27)
f ' ( x)
1 + f ( x)
2
(
dx = log f ( x) + 1 + f 2 ( x) + c )
sen 2 x
ax f ' ( x)
10) a x dx = +c 28) dx = log f ( x) + f 2 ( x) 1 + c
log a f ( x) 1
2


11) [ f ( x)] f ' ( x)dx =
[ f ( x )] +1
+c
formule trigon om etriche.
+1 tgx 1
sen x = cos x =
12) f ' ( x) cos f ( x)dx = sen f ( x) + c 1 + tg 2 x 1 + tg 2 x
13) f ' ( x) sen f ( x)dx = cos f ( x) + c sen 2 x + cos 2 x = 1
f ' ( x) PRIMITIVE DI FUNZIONI RAZIONALI.
14) dx = log f ( x) + c
P ( x)
f ( x) PBM : dx, grP < grQ
Q( x)
15) f ' ( x) e f ( x ) dx = e f ( x ) + c
Q( x) = ( x a )( x b) a b
16) f ' ( x) a dx =
a f ( x)
+c
grQ = 2Q(x) = (x - a) 2
f ( x)

log a Q( x) = ( x ) 2 +
f ' ( x) 0
17) dx = tan f ( x) + c Mx + N A B
cos 2 f ( x) 1) = +
( x a )( x b) x a x b
18) f ' ( x) sen f ( x)dx = cos f ( x) + c
Mx + N A B A + B( x a)
2) = + =
19) f ' ( x) cos f ( x)dx = sen f ( x) + c ( x a) 2
( x a) 2
xa ( x a) 2
f ' ( x) Mx + N M (x ) M + N
20) dx = cot f ( x) + c 3) = +
sen 2 f ( x) (x ) +
2 2
(x ) +
2 2
(x )2 + 2
FORMULE DI DUPLICAZIONE : sostituisco t = ( x ) 2 + 2 t = x
@ sen 2 x = 2 sen x cos x = 1 2 sen 2 x GRADOQ = 3
@ cos 2 x = cos 2 x sen 2 x = 2 cos 2 x 1 P( x) A P( x) AQ1 ( x)
1) = +
1 + cos 2 x 1 cos 2 x Q( x) x a ( x a )Q1 ( x)
cos 2 x = sen 2 x =
2 2 Scelgo A di modo che x = a sia radice di P(x) - AQ1 ( x).
SIMBOLOGIA log x = ln x P( x) P(a) P( x) P(a)
2) = +
( x a) 3
( x a) 3
( x a) 3