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Polinomios de Taylor-Maclaurin

f 00 (0) 2 f 000 (0) 3 f (n) (0) n


Pn (x) = f (0) + f 0 (0)x + x + x ++ x
2! 3! n!

f (n+1) (t) n+1


Resto de Lagrange: Rn (x) = x , donde t est entre 0 y x
(n + 1)!
Nota: se define (2n + 1)!! = 1 3 5 (2n 1) (2n + 1) y (2n)!! = 2 4 6 (2n 2) (2n) (factoriales dobles).

Funcin Polinomios de Taylor-Maclaurin Resto de Lagrange

1 1
1 + x + x2 + x3 + + xn xn+1
1x (1 + t)n+2

1 (1)n+1 n+1
1 x + x2 x3 + + (1)n xn x
1+x (1 + t)n+2

1 1 13 2 135 3 (2n 1)!! n (2n + 1)!!


1 x+ x x + + (1)n x (1)n+1 (1 + t)(2n+3)/2 xn+1
1+x 2 24 246 (2n)!! (2n + 2)!!
   
( 1) 2 ( 1)( 2) 3 n
(1 + x) 1 + x + x + x ++ x (1 + t)n1 xn+1
2! 3! n n+1

1 1 1 (1)n1 n (1)n
log(1 + x) x x2 + x3 x4 + + x xn+1
2 3 4 n (n + 1)(1 + t)n+1

1 1 1 1 et
ex 1 + x + x2 + x3 + x4 + + xn xn+1
2 3! 4! n! (n + 1)!

1 3 1 5 1 7 (1)n 2n+1 (1)n+1 cost 2n+3


sen x x x + x x ++ x x
3! 5! 7! (2n + 1)! (2n + 3)!

1 2 1 4 1 6 (1)n 2n (1)n+1 cost 2n+2


cos x 1 x + x x ++ x x
2! 4! 6! (2n)! (2n + 2)!

1 2 17 7 62 9 tg(2n+1) (0) 2n+1


tg x x + x3 + x5 + x + x ++ x ( )
3 15 315 2835 (2n + 1)!

1 3 5 7 (2n 1)!! 2n+1


arc sen x x + x3 + x5 + x ++ x
6 40 112 (2n)!!(2n + 1)

1 1 3 5 7 (2n 1)!! 2n+1


arc cos x x x3 x5 x x
2 6 40 112 (2n)!!(2n + 1)

1 1 1 (1)n 2n+1
arc tg x x x3 + x5 x7 + + x
3 5 7 2n + 1

( ) El nmero tg(2n+1) (0) se denomina n-simo nmero tangente. Los nmeros tangentes estn relacionados con los
nmeros de Bernoulli y con diversas cuestiones combinatorias. Una lista de los 16 primeros nmeros tangentes puede
encontrarse en http://oeis.org/A000364/list .