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Mechanical Engineering Q. No. 1 to 25 Carry One Mark Each

1. A mass m of a perfect gas at pressure p 1 and volume V 1 undergoes an isothermal process. The final pressure is p 2 and volume is V 2 . The work done on the system is considered positive. If R is the gas constant and T is the temperature, then the work done in the process is

Key:

Exp:

2.

Key:

(A)

p V ln

1

1

V

2

V

1

(B)

p

1

p

V ln p

1

2

1

(B)

Isothermal work done, W pdV

For isothermal, pV= C

p V

1

1

so, W

pV

C constant



p V

1

1

V

2

V

1

dV

V

(C)

RT ln

V

2

V

1

(D)

mRT ln

p

2

p

1

 V   p  2 1 W  p V  n 
V
p
2
1
W

p V
n

p V
n
(
p V
p V )
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
p
V 1 
2
Which one of the following statements is TRUE for the ultrasonic machining (USM) process?
(A)
In USM, the tool vibrates at subsonic frequency.
(B)
USM does not employ magnetostrictive transducer.

(C) USM is an excellent process for machining ductile materials.

(D) USM often uses a slurry comprising abrasive-particles and water.

(D)

3. The standard deviation of linear dimensions P and Q are 3m and 4m, respectively. When assembled, the standard deviation (inm ) of the resulting linear dimension (P+Q) is

Key:

Exp:

5 to 5 Given that

Standard deviate of P is 3m Variance of P is 9m

Standard deviation of Q is 4 m Variance of Q is 16m

Variance of P + Q = Var (P+Q) = Variance P + Variance Q

= 9 + 16= 25

Standard deviation of P + Q = +

Variance Q = 9 + 16= 25  Standard deviation of P + Q = +

Variance = +

25
25

= 5

4. The emissive power of a blackbody is P. If its absolute temperature is doubled, the emissive power becomes.

Key:

Exp:

(A) 2P

(D)

Emissive power of black body b

Given

(B) 4P

E

E

b

1

P T

4

T

4

(C) 8P

(D) 16P

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now T

E

b

2



2T

2T

4

16

T

4

E

b

2

16P

5. The state of stress at a point is

x

       0 and    50MPa .

y

z

xz

zx

yz

zy

xy

yx

Key:

Exp:

The maximum normal stress (in MPa) at that point is

49.9 to 50.1 It is a pure torsion case in 2D

xy



yx

50MPa

for pure Torsion,   

xy

yx

1

 50MPa  for pure Torsion,    xy yx 1 So maximum Normal stress

So maximum Normal stress 1 50MPa

 0, xy   0, xy  1
0, xy  
0, xy 
1

6. The determinant of a 2×2 matrix is 50. If one eigenvalue of the matrix is 10, the other eigenvalue is

Key:

Exp:

5 to 5 Given that det of 2×2 Matrix is 50 and are Eigen Value is 10.

that det of 2×2 Matrix is 50 and are Eigen Value is 10.  Other Eigen

Other Eigen value is 5det product of eigenvalues

7.

Which one of the following statement is TRUE?

Key:

(A)

Both Pelton and Francis turbines are impulse turbines.

(B)

Francis turbine is a reaction turbine but Kaplan turbine is an impulse turbine.

(C)

Francis turbine is an axial flow reaction turbine.

(D)

Kaplan turbine is an axial flow reaction turbine.

(D)

8. Two coins are tossed simultaneously. The probability (upto two decimal points accuracy) of getting at least one head is

Key:

Exp:

0.75 to 0.75 Total No of outcomes when two coins are tossed is 4 and sample space

S HH,HT,TH,TT

Favorable out comes for existence of at least one head are HH, HT, TH.

Required probability =

3

4

0.75

9. A cantilever beam of length L and flexural modulus EI is subjected to a point load P at the free end. The elastic strain energy stored in the beam due to bending (neglecting transverse shear)

Key:

(A)

(A)

P

2

3

L

6EI (B)

P

2

3

L

3EI (C)

PL

3EI (D)

3

3

6EI PL

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Exp:

M

x



L

 

U

0

P.x

M

2

x

dx

P x dx

2

2

2EI

2EI

U

2

3

P L

6EI

x P x L x
x
P
x
L
x

10. It is desired to make a product having T-shaped cross-section from a rectangular aluminium block. Which one of the following processes is expected to provide the highest strength of the product?

Key:

(A) Welding

(C)

(B) Casting

(C) Metal Forming

(D) Machining

11. The heat loss from a fin is 6W. The effectiveness and efficiency of the fin are 3 and 0.75, respectively. The heat loss (in W) from the fin, keeping the entire fin surface at base temperature, is

Key:

Exp:

7.9 to 8.1 Given QLoss 6W

 

 

Q

max

3,

0.75 Q Q act loss  Heat loss keep entire fin as base temperature Q
0.75
Q
Q
act
loss
Heat loss keep entire fin as base temperature
Q max
6
8W
0.75

12. For a single server with Poisson arrival and exponential service time, the arrival rate is 12 per hour. Which one of the following service rates will provide a steady state finite queue length?

Key:

(A) 6 per hour

(D)

Exp: 12 / hour

(B) 10 per hour

For steady state finite queue length

So,  

24 / hour

(C) 12 per hour

(D) 24 per hour

13.

For the stability of a floating body the

(A)

centre of buoyancy must coincide with the centre of gravity

(B)

centre of buoyancy must be above the centre of gravity

(C)

centre of gravity must be above the centre of buoyancy

(D)

metacentre must be above the centre of gravity

Key:

(D)

Exp:

Stability of floating body is measure with the help of Meta center.

Floating body to be stable, Meta center must be above C.G

I

MG   BG

,

For stability MG > 0

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14. The divergence of the vector yi xj

Key:

Exp:

0 to 0

Let F yi xj

divergence of

F

x

y

y

x

0

15. For a loaded cantilever beam of uniform cross-section, the bending moment (in N.mm) along the length is M(x) = 5x 2 +10x, where x is the distance (in mm) measured from the free end of the beam. The magnitude of shear force (in N) in the cross-section at x =10 mm is

Key:

110 to 110

Exp:

S.F

d

dx

(B.M)

S.F

d

dx

S.f

10x

5x

2

10x

10

 

S.F

x 10mm

10

10

10

110N

16.

Key:

Exp:

A sample of 15 data is a follows: 17, 18, 17, 17, 13, 18, 5, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 20, 17, 3. The mode of the data is

(A) 4

(C) We know that mode is the value of the data which occurred most of

(B) 13 (C) 17 (D) 20
(B) 13
(C) 17
(D) 20

17 is mode

17. If a mass of moist air contained in a closed metallic vessel is heated, then its

Key:

Exp:

(A)

relative humidity decreases

(C)

specific humidity increases

(B) relative humidity increases (D) specific humidity decreases

(A) Given that mass of moist air contained in a closed metallic vessel is heated, means its specific humidity is constant.

So, from the psychometric chart,  1  Relative humidity 2   100% 1
So, from the psychometric chart,
1
Relative humidity
2

 100%
1
2
DBT

We can say that at constant specific humidity, as temperature increases relative humidity decreases i.e., 2 1

So, Answer is (A)

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18. In a slider-crank mechanism, the lengths of the crank and the connecting rod are 100mm and 160mm, respectively. The crank is rotating with an angular velocity of 10 radian/s counter- clockwise. The magnitude of linear velocity (in m/s) of the piston at the instant corresponding to the configuration shown in the figure is

Key:

Exp:

to the configuration shown in the figure is Key: Exp: 0.99 to 1.01 V if V

0.99 to 1.01

V

if

V

 

 

r



90



r

  

sin



sin2  

n

sin90



sin180

o

2n

  

0.1

1 sin90



sin180 o 2n     0.1   1 sin90   1m sec

1m sec

19. A machine component made of a ductile material is subjected to a variable loading with

Key:

Exp:

 ' 100 MPa and  e y  300MPa, the factor of safety is
'
100 MPa and 
e
y
 300MPa, the factor of safety is

50MPa

 50MPa

min 50 MPa and max 50 MPa. If the corrected endurance limit and the yield strength for

the material are

1.99 to 2.01

max

min

y

300MPa

e

100MPa

 

max

min

50

50

max 2

2

0

 

max

min

v 2

50



50

2

50

max

v

1

yt

e

F.S

0

300

50

100

1

F.S

F.S

2

20. The crystal structure of aluminium is

Key:

(A) body-centred cubic

(C) close-packed hexagonal

(B)

(B) face-centred cubic

(D)

body-centred tetragonal

21.

A steel bar is held by two fixed supports as shown in the figure and is subjected to an increases of temperature T 100C. and 200GPa, respectively, the magnitude of thermal stress (in MPa) induced in the bar is

magnitude of thermal stress (in MPa) induced in the bar is  ICP – Intensive Classroom

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Key:

Exp:

218 to 222 Thermal Stress,

   

Th

E

T

200

10

3

22. The Laplace transform of

11

te

10

t

is

6

100

220MPa

Key:

Exp:

s

(B)

L

te

t

s 1

2

1

s

1

2

(A)

;

(B)

1

s 1

2

 L

e where F s

t

at

f



F

s

a



L



f

t

 

 

(C)

1

s 1

2

(D)

s

s 1

23. Consider a laminar flow at zero incidence over a flat plate. The shear stress at the wall is denoted by w . The axial positions x 1 and x 2 on the plate are measured from the leading edge in the direction of flow. If x 2 > x 1 , then

Key:

Exp:

(A)

(C)

w

x

1

 u  y y  0
u
y
y
0



w

x

2

0

(B)

w

x

1



w

x

2

0

(C)



(D)



w x 1 x w w w 2   w 2   
w
x 1 x
w
w
w
2
w
2
u
u
 
  
w
y
y
 
 
y
0
y
0
1
2

x 1 x

 

w

1

2

24. A mass m is attached to two identical springs having spring constant k as shown in the figure. The natural frequency of this single degree of freedom system is

(A)

2k m
2k
m

(B)

k m
k
m

(C)

k 2m
k
2m

(D)

4k m
4k
m
2k m (B) k m (C) k 2m (D) 4k m Key: Exp: (A) Equivalent stiffness

Key:

Exp:

(A) Equivalent stiffness k eq = k + k = 2k

Natural frequency,

k    2k eq   n m n m
k
 
2k
eq
 
n
m
n
m

25. Given the atomic weight of Fe is 56 and that of C is 12, the weight percentage of carbon in cementite (Fe 3 C) is

Key:

6.3 to 7.0

Exp:

Percentage of carbon by weight in cementite =

12

12

56

 

3

100

6.67%

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Q. No. 26 to 55 Carry Two Marks Each

26. In an orthogonal machining with a tool of 9° orthogonal rake angle, the uncut chip thickness is 0.2mm. The chip thickness fluctuates between 0.25 mm and 0.4 mm. The ratio of the maximum shear angle to the minimum shear angle during machining is

Key:

Exp:

1.45 to 1.53

 

9

t

t

1

c

0.25mm to 0.4mm

0.2mm

 

tan

r cos

1

rsin

if t

c

0.25mm, r

,

where r

t

1

t

c

0.8 &



42.08

o

if t

c

0.4mm, r

0.5 &

  1.493

max

42.08

min

28.18



28.18

o

27.

Key:

Exp:

mm.

Neglecting the gauge tolerance, the diameter (in mm, up to 3 decimal points accuracy) of the GO ring gauge to inspect the plated pin is

A cylindrical pin of

25

0.020

mm diameter is electroplated. Plating thickness is

2.0

0.005

 0.010
0.010

29.030 to 29.030 Diameter of GO end of ring gauge = 25.02 + 2(2.005) = 29.030mm

28. A helical compression spring made of wire of circular cross-section is subjected to a compressive load. The maximum shear stress induced in the cross-section of the wire is 24 MPa. For the same compressive load, if both the wire diameter and the mean coil diameter are doubled, the maximum shear stress (in MPa) induced in the cross-section of the wire is

Key:

6 to 6

Exp:

max

8P.D

d

3

Given,



1

24MPa

P

1

P , d

2

2

2d , D

1

2

2D

1

so,

1

D

1

d

3

2

24

1

2

D

2

.

d

3

1

2

2

2

24 MPa

4



2

6MPa

2

3

29. In a counter-flow heat exchanger, water is heated at the rate of 1.5kg/s from 40°C to 80°C by

Key:

Exp:

an oil entering at 120°C and leaving at 60°C. The specific heats of water and oil are 4.2kJ/kg.K and 2kJ/kg.K respectively. The overall heat transfer coefficient is 400 W/m 2 .K. The required heat transfer surface area (in m 2 ) is

(A) 0.104

(D)

Given counter flow Heat Exchanger

(B) 0.022

(C) 10.4

(D) 21.84

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30.

Water

m

c

T

c

i

T

c

o

C

p

c

1.5kg / s

40 C

80 C

4.2KJ / kg.K

Oil -

T

h

T

h

i

o

C

p

o

120 C

60 C

2kJ / kg.K

Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient = 400 W/m 2 K

Area (A) =?

Q

m

UA LMTD

c

C

p

c

T

c

o

T

c

i

UA LMTD

A

m

c

C

p

c

T

c

o

T

c

i

U



i

o

n(

i

/

o

)

T

T



 

i

40

h

i

c

o

120 C

80 C

    T h o T c i
T
h
o
T
c
i

60 C

40 C

  

o

1.5

4.2

80

40

10

3

21.83m

2

21.83m

2

400

 

40

20

40  n   20
40
n
20

A

 



The rod PQ of length L = 2 m, and uniformly distributed mass of M = 10 kg, is released from rest at the position shown in the figure. The ends slide along the frictionless faces OP and OQ. Assume acceleration due to gravity, g = 10 m/s 2 . The mass moment of inertia of the rod about its centre of mass and an axis perpendicular to the plane of the figure is (ML 2 /12). At this instant, the magnitude of angular acceleration (in radian/s 2 ) of the rod is

of angular acceleration (in radian/s 2 ) of the rod is Key: 7.25 to 7.75 M
Key: 7.25 to 7.75 M 10kg, g 10m sec 2 Exp: 2 ML I 
Key:
7.25 to 7.75
M 10kg, g 10m sec
2
Exp:
2
ML
I
c
12
2
2
M
2
1
2M
M
2M
I
M
I
12
2
12
2
3
2M
T
 
I
Mg
0.5

3
2
 
10
0.5
 
3
15
2

 7.5rad sec
2

1m

0.5 I 1 2 Mg
0.5
I
1
2
Mg

1m

20

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31.

Key;

Exp:

A steel plate, connected to a fixed channel using three identical bolts A, B and C, carries a

load of 6kN as shown in the figure. Considering the effect of direct load and moment, the

magnitude of resultant shear force (in kN) on bolt C is.

the magnitude of resultant shear force (in kN) on bolt C is. (A) 13 (C) (B)

(A) 13

(C)

(B) 15

Primary shear

6

3

2kN

Secondaryshear 1500 kN

mm

(C) 17

(D) 30

 P  e  1500 M    0.3   2 2
P
e
1500
M
0.3
2
2
2
2
r
r
50
50
1
2
1
1
R
R
C
r
0.3
50
15kN
A
C
1
Resultant shear at 'C'
 
2
15
17kN.
Resultant shear
15
 
2
17kN.

32. The volume and temperature of air (assumed to be an ideal gas) in a closed vessel is 2.87 m 3 and 300K, respectively. The gauge pressure indicated by a manometer fitted to the wall of the vessel is 0.5bar. If the gas constant of air is R = 287 J/kg. K and the atmospheric pressure is 1 bar, the mass of air (in kg) in the vessel is

Key:

Exp:

(A) 1.67

(C)

3

2.87m ;

V

P

gauge

0.5bar

R

P atm

287J / kg.K

1 bar

P P

abs

g

P

atm

(B) 3.33

T

300K

1.5bar

PV

So, m

mRT

 

PV

1.5

10

5

2.87

RT

287

300

5kg

(C) 5.00

(D) 6.66

33. For the laminar flow of water over a sphere, the drag coefficient C F is defined as

, where F is the drag force, is the fluid density, U is the fluid velocity and

D

sphere is 100mm and the fluid velocity is 2m/s, the drag coefficient is 0.5. If water now flows

over another sphere of diameter 200mm under dynamically similar conditions, the drag force (in N) on this sphere is

is the diameter of the sphere. The density of water is 1000 kg/m 3 . When the diameter of the

C

F

F /

2

U D

2

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Key:

Exp:

34.

Key:

Exp:

19.9 to 20.1 Given that the condition is dynamic similarity, and in the given condition, Inertia and viscous force plays major role, hence Reynold‟s number should be same for both model and prototype.

Re

1

Re

2

In the first case:

In the second case:

U 1

UD  UD

 

 

1

 

 

2

UD       1       2 
UD       1       2 

2m sec, D 100 mm, 1000 kg m

1

3

U 2

 2  2m sec, D  100 mm,  1000 kg m 1 3 U

2m sec, D

2

D  100 mm,  1000 kg m 1 3 U 2  2m sec, D

200mm, 1000 kg m

3

Since same water is flowing over both sphere

  , 1 2 1 2 U D  U D 1 1 2
 
,
1
2
1
2
U D
 U D
1
1
2
2

2
100
U
1m sec
2

V

2



200

So, Drage force in second case will be

F

2

C U D

  0.5  1000 (1)    2 0.2 2  20N F
0.5

1000 (1)
2
0.2
2  20N
F
2 2
2 2

(B) 0.69

(C) 0.75

(D) 1.0

A rod of length 20mm is stretched to make a rod of length 40 mm. Subsequently, it is compressed to make a rod of final length 10mm. Consider the longitudinal tensile strain as positive and compressive strain as negative. The total true longitudinal strain in the rod is

(A) 0.5

(B)

i

20mm

truestrain,

True

n

  

f

i

f

n

 

10mm

10

20

 



0.69

35. A gear train shown in the figure consists of gears P, Q, R and S. Gear Q and gear R are mounted on the same shaft. All the gears are mounted on parallel shafts and the number of teeth of P, Q, R and S are 24, 45, 30 and 80, respectively. Gear P is rotating at 400 rpm. The speed (in rpm) of the gear S is

is rotating at 400 rpm. The speed (in rpm) of the gear S is Key: Exp:

Key:

Exp:

120 to 120

24, T

T P

N

P

400rpm

Q

N

P

.T

P

N

Q

T

Q

45, T

R

30, T

S

80

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N

N

N

Q

Q

S

T

Q

400

24

45

N T

S

S

213.33rpm

213.33

45

80

120rpm

36. In the Rankine cycle for a steam power plant the turbine entry and exit enthalpies are 2803 kJ/kg and 1800 kJ/kg, respectively. The enthalpies of water at pump entry and exit are 121 kJ/kg and 124 kJ/kg, respectively. The specific steam consumption (in kg/k W.h) of the cycle is

Key:

Exp:

3.5 to 3.7 Given that,

T

1 4 3 2 S
1
4
3
2
S

h

h

1

3

121kJ 2803 kJ / kg, / kg, h h

W

T

h

2803

W

p

124

h

1

h

2

1800

4

h

3

121

2

4

 

1800kJ 124kJ / / kg kg

1003kJ / kg

3kJ / kg

W  W  1000kJ / kg T P 3600   3.6kg / kWh
W
W
1000kJ / kg
T
P
3600
3.6kg / kWh
W
net

W

net

Specific Steam consumption

37. A calorically perfect gas (specific heat at constant pressure 1000 J/kg.K) enters and leaves a gas turbine with the same velocity. The temperatures of the gas at turbine entry and exit are 1100 K and 400 K. respectively. The power produced is 4.6 MW and heat escapes at the rate of 300 kJ/s through the turbine casing. The mass flow rate of the gas (in kg/s) through the turbine is.

Key:

Exp:

(A) 6.14

(B)

Given that,

C

T

p

1

T

2

1000J / kgK

1100K,

400K,

P

Q

E

in

E

out

h

1

V 2

1

2

gz

1

V

1

So, h

1

V , Z

2

h

2

1

Q

h

Z

2

2

L

(B) 7.00

L

P

4.6MW

300kJ / s

2 2

V 2

gz

2

mC

m

m

p

T

1

T

2

Q

L

P

300

10

3

4.6

10

6

 

1000

1100

400

7kg / sec

Q

L

P

(C) 7.50 (D) 8.00 P 1 2
(C) 7.50
(D) 8.00
P
1
2

QL

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38. Three masses are connected to a rotating shaft supported on bearings A and B as shown in the figure. The system is in a space where the gravitational effect is absent. Neglect the mass of shaft and rods connecting the masses. For m 1 = 10kg, m 2 = 5kg and m 3 = 2.5 kg and for a shaft angular speed of 1000 radian/s, the magnitude of the bearing reaction (in N) at location B is

magnitude of the bearing reaction (in N) at location B is Key: Exp: 0 to 0

Key:

Exp:

0 to 0

m

m

m

1

2

3

10kg, r

0.1m

1

0.2m

2

0.4m

3

5kg, r

2.5kg,r

R

A

F

y

m r cos  m r cos  m r cos  1 1 1
m r cos

m r
cos

m r cos
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
o
o
o
10 
0.1 cos0
5
0.2 cos120
2.5
0.4
cos240
1
0.5
0.5
0
o
o
m r sin

m r sin

m r sin
  
0
5
0.2 sin120
2.5
0.4sin 240
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
0kN
B

 

R

F

x

0

39. A strip of 120 mm width and 8mm thickness is rolled between two 300 mm-diameter rolls to get a strip of 120 mm width and 7.2 mm thickness. The speed of the strip at the exit is 30 m/min. There is no front or back tension. Assuming uniform roll pressure of 200 MPa in the roll bite and 100% mechanical efficiency, the minimum total power (in kW) required to drive the two rolls is

Key:

Exp:

9.4 to 9.8 Width = 120mm

Initial thickness to = 8mm

Diameter of Roller = 300mm

Radius of Roller = 150mm Final thickness = 7.2mm

h ti tf 8 7.2 0.8 mm

Power require to drive one roller

P  T. F L .A.L . Here, A  LP b p p P
P  T. F L .A.L
.
Here, A  LP b
p
p
P L .b
2
here, L
Rh
p
p
V
P
 
R
h
.b.
  
R
 
30
6
3
200 10
0.8
10
0.12
 4.8 kW

60

So, power require to drive 2 roller = 2P 24.8 kW 9.6 kW

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40. A product made in two factories p and Q, is transported to two destinations, R and S. The per unit costs of transportation (in Rupees) from factories to destinations are as per the following matrix:

Destination Factory
Destination
Factory

R

S

P

10

7

Q

3

4

Key:

Exp:

Factory P produces 7 units and factory Q produces 9 units of the product. Each destination requires 8 units. If the north-west corner method provides the total transportation cost as X (in Rupees) and the optimized (the minimum) total transportation cost Y (in Rupees), then (X-Y), in Rupees, is

(A) 0

Answer is not matched with IIT Key

(B) 15

(C) 35

(D) 105

R S P 10 7 7 Q 3 4 9
R
S
P
10
7
7
Q
3
4
9
8 8 R S P 10 7 7 Q 3 1 4 8
8
8
R
S
P
10 7
7
Q
3 1
4 8

By North West corner Rule

Total cost, x = 10×7+7×1+4×8 = Rs.105

By VAM

u

u

1 0



2 3

V  6 V  7 1 2 10 7 7 7  3 8
V
6
V
7
1
2
10
7
7 7
3
8 4
1 9
8
8

7

3





1

1

Total minimum Cost, y = 3×8+4×1+7×7=Rs.77

So, xy = Rs.28

41. One kg of an ideal gas (gas constant R = 287 J/kg.K) undergoes an irreversible process from state-1 (1 bar, 300 K) to state -2 (2 bar, 300 K). The change in specific entropy (s 2 s 1 ) of the gas (in J/kg. K) in the process is

Key: –201 to –197 Exp: Given m  1kg, P 1 1bar,  T 
Key:
–201 to –197
Exp:
Given
m
 1kg,
P 1 1bar,
T
300K,
1
 Same Temperature
P
S 2
  
S
R
n
2
1
P
1
R  287J / kg.K P  2bar 2 T  300K 2  
R
287J / kg.K
P
2bar
2
T
300K
2
 
287 n
2

1

198.93J / kgK

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42. A 60 mm-diameter water jet strikes a plate containing a hole of 40mm diameter as shown in the figure. Part of the jet passes through the hole horizontally, and the remaining is deflected vertically. The density of water is 1000 kg/m 3 . If velocities are as indicated in the figure, the magnitude of horizontal force (in N) required to hold the plate is

of horizontal force (in N) required to hold the plate is Key: Exp: 627 to 629

Key:

Exp:

627 to 629 Force in Xdirection = Rate of change of momentum

P

i

P

f

x

direction

D1  6cm D2  4cm      m V  m
D1  6cm
D2  4cm
m V
m
V
1
2
1
2
x
direction
V
A V

A V

V
V
1
1
2
2
1
2
2

V
A
A
20m / s  V2
1
2
20m / s  V1
2
2
1000
20
20
0.06
0.04
4

628.32N

43. The arrangement shown in the figure measures the velocity V of a gas of density 1 kg/m 3 flowing through a pipe. The acceleration due to gravity is 9.81 m/s 2 . If the manometric fluid is water (density 1000 kg/m 3 ) and the velocity V is 20 m/s, the differential head h (in mm) between the two arms of the manometer is

Key: Exp: 19 to 21 Given   1kg / m , 3 g 
Key:
Exp:
19 to 21
Given
1kg / m ,
3
g
9.81m / s
2
g
1000kg / m ,
3
V
20m / s
m

m
V
2gH Where H
h
1
 
 
2
V

m
So,
h
1
2g
 
 
2
20 
 
  h 1000
 1
2
 9.81
 
 
h
 0.0204m
2.04cm
 
h
20.4mm
  h  0.0204m  2.04cm   h 20.4mm  ICP – Intensive Classroom

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44. A metal ball of diameter 60mm is initially at 220 °C. The ball is suddenly cooled by an air jet of 20°C. The heat transfer coefficient is 200 W/m 2 .K and 9000kg/m 3 , respectively. The ball temperature (in °C) after 90 seconds will be approximately.

Key:

Exp:

(A) 141

(A) D = 60mm = 0.06m

(B) 163

90sec

220 C,

T

i

T

t

20 C,

h

C

T

h.A

 

 

.VC

T i T

T T

T

f

f

p

.t

e

141.3 C

p

2

200W / m K,

400J / kgK,

?

220

20

T

f

20

e

(C) 189



K

9000kg / m

400W / mK

3

90

  0.03 9000

200

3

400  

(D) 210

45. A single – plate clutch has a friction disc with inner and outer radii
45.
A single – plate clutch has a friction disc with inner and outer radii of 20mm and 40 mm,
respectively. The friction lining in the disc is made in such a way that the coefficient of
friction  varies radially as 0.01r, where r is in mm. The clutch needs to transmit a friction
torque of 18.85kN.mm. As per uniform pressure theory, the pressure (in MPa) on the disc is
Key:
0.49 to 0.51
dr
Exp:
20mm, r
40mm,

0.01r
r i
o
T
18.85kN
mm
r
p
 ?
 r
P
p2 rdr
i
2
2
3
r
T
 
p2
r dr
p 0.01r
2
r dr
0.0628r .dr
0
40
40
4
r
3
T 
0.0628p
r dr
0.0628p
4 
20
20

18.85

10

3

p

0.5MPa

0.0628p

40

4

4

20

4

4

46. The surface integral



S

F.ndS

over

the surface

S

of

the sphere

x

2

y

Key:

Exp:

F=(x+y) i+ (x+z) j+(y+z) k and n is the unit outward surface normal, yields

225 to 227

F

divF

x

y

x

i

x

x

y

z

J

y

x

y

z

z

k

z

y

z

 

1

0

 

1

2

2

z

2

9,

By divergence theorem,



S

^

V

2dV

F.ndS

V

divFdV

where V is volume of given surface of sphere x y z

2

2

2V

 

2

4

27

3

72

 

226.1947

2

9

where

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47. Block 2 slides outward on link 1 at a uniform velocity of 6 m/s as shown in the figure. Link 1 is rotating at a constant angular velocity of 20 radian/s counterclockwise. The magnitude of the total acceleration (in m/s 2 ) of point P of the block with respect to fixed point O is

) of point P of the block with respect to fixed point O is Key: Exp:

Key:

Exp:

243 to 244 Acceleration of the block,

v 6m / sec,  20rad / sec

2 2 a  a  a  r cr r  OP,
2
2
a
a
a
r
cr