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Bass / Book 1

rhe/Bct of Ba,s,s'

for the

Absolute Beginner

to the

Intermediate Student

by Janice Tucker Rhoda

Bass / Book '1

rhe/BC3 ot Ba,s,s'

for the

Absolute Beginner

to the

Intermediate Student

by

Janice Tucker Rhoda

I dedicate thís book to my devored rcachers:

Nancy Círillo, Alan Hawryluh Joseph kary, Rudolf Kolisch,

Yuri Mazurkevich, Ceorge Neikrug, Daniel Pinkham, Eric Rosenblith, Gunther Schuller, Roman Totenberg, and Benjamin hnder.

PREFACE

This bass method book is designed for the beginning and intermediate student of any age. After many years of com-

bining various methods of teaching both children and adults,

I

have developed a simple and enjoyable approach for the

study of the bass. I use materials which help students advance

technically in a gradual, logical and thorough manner. There

are short, lyrical wann-up exercises and longer study pieces,

as well as familiar classical and popular melodies. I com-

posed fifteen of the forty-nine melodies, which fit in perfect- ly with the development of left-hand and bowing techniques.

To the adult student: I am convinced that it is never too late to begin studying the bass. In fact, adult beginners learn to read music at a very quick pace, have excellent concentration and are highly motivated to practice. Playing the bass is very

engaging and the contents of this book are sure to maintain

your continued interest.

To the teacher: During my many years of teaching and direct- ing string departments, I dreamed of developing a method that would help beginners of any age feel more at ease and satisfied

- a method that would allow them to progress quickly and play

precisely, yet leam to read music well. This method book, and

the entire series, is designed to fit these criteria.

Here are some key elements to strive for at a lesson:

f . impeccable

2. solid bow

intonation 6. beautiful

tone quality

technique 7. expressive vibràto

3. correct posture

4.

steady rhythm reading

5. accurate

8. structured, artistic phrasing

9. precise shifting

10. memorization of piecesx

In any case, it is wise to help our students develop good habits

students of all ages is very grat-

the same posìtive expériénce

right from the start. Teaching

ifying. I think teachers will have

I have had while using the series.

Janice Thcker Rhoda

-

* Although it is not essential to memorize

I have found it to be a very useful tool in developing a stu-

pieces, as a teacher

dent's skill. To paraphrase Rudolf Kolisch (1896-1978), a good

memory is a habit formed. His quartet, the Kolisch Strin_e

Quartet, was the first to perform its works by memory.

ABC25

CARL FISCHER.

65 BleeckerStreet,

NewYork. NY 10012

Copyright @ 2003 by Janice Tucker Rhoda

Intemational Copvri aht Secu red.

All rights reserved inclúdinó

peforminq riohrs.

WARNING!.This pu5lication

any melhod is an infringement

is protected by Copyàght taw. To phótocópy

or reproduce by

òopyrighteó

of the Copyright law. Anyone who repraiuces

penalties and assessments

in the U.S. A.

matter is subjecl to substantial

printed

lor eacfr inlringemlni.

lsBN 0-8258-5255.2

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE

ABSOLUTE BEGINNER LEVEL FIRST POSITION

Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

FIRST POSITION

THIRD POSITION

HALF POSITION

SECOND POSITION

ABC25

COMPOSER

PAGE

Parts of the Bass

scroll

nut -

endpin

pegs

neck

end of fingerboard

The bow is placed halfway

between the bridge and the end of the fingerboard. Keep the bow perpendicular to the

strings at all times.

Parts the Bow

French Bow

îp

-,

German Bow

-

stick

tl

rl

I

hair

stick

I

fróg

end screw

end screw

I

4

ABSOLUTE BEGINNER LEVEL

LESSON I

Naming The Spaces And Lines Of The Staff

ryE

The staff has 4 spaces.

ThespacesareACEE

The staff has 5 lines.

ThelinesareGBDEA.

LESSON 2

Pluck The Open Strings

Bridge -

A

Look down at your bridge while holding

your bass. Memorize the names of the

strings as you pluck them one at a time.

Say: "GDAEEADG".

Przzicato G

.ì. a3

D

A

E

E

A

-

Repeat this exercise several times.

Copyright O 2003 by Janice Tucker Rhoda

D

G

a

LESSON 3

Przztcato The Open Strings

O

Pizzicato

Count: L

a-

ABC25

2

J

I

is a quarter note. A quarter note receives 1 beat.

is a whole rest. It receives 4 beats.

-

m:, _ cl:-

Q

Ilme Slgnature

3

4

|

4means4beatspermeasure.

4 means a quarter note receives 1 beat.

2

3

4

-

-

6

Count: I

,1.

l. 3z

-

-

n

ft

Fl

LESSON 4

Play With The Bow

ll means Down bow

FV

34

V means Up bow

|.l

|.t

|.l

l'l

|l

Frì

I. PIZZICAIO the first time through.

2. ARCO the second time through.

Posture Perfect

German Bow Hold

French Bow Hold

Piuicato Posture

Left Hand Fingerings

Fq

Ff

3{'

4

. The third finger will not be used at this beginning level. You may

anchor the third finger behind the fourth finger as a means of support.

ABC25

LESSON 5

Begin On The D-String In First Position.

.al

.)1

ft

F

l-

t-

ft

FI

ll

-

n

-

|l

-

Open D,

E is 1st finger on the D-string. Ff, is 4th finger on the D-string.

1. Learn the left-hand fingerings using pizzicato.

2. Repeat the exercise using the bow (arco).

xSecond finger is introduced on page 18.

AÓUZJ

.

)tl

n

34

|.l

It

lt

J i, u half note. A half nore receives 2 bears. ) = J * )

234

r234

r234

10

6

Warm-ups

LESSON 6

G

A Open G,

A is lst finger on the G-string

in first position.

= o

= î

F

Mary Had A Little Lamb

Easy Duets: on pages 42 - 45.

ABC25

American Folk Song

11

-

Skipping And Walking Fingers

JANICE TUCKER RHODA

L2

@**"f

F

a,

-

@ Warm-up

\-/

-

-

 

F

T.t

 

-

-

Jingte Bells

)

My Dreydl

Hanukah Song

JAMBS PIERPONT

S. GROSSMAN

and S. GOLDFARB

13

nut

|,l

16 Warm-up

vt

LESSON 7

4

B

 

B

is 4th finger on the G-string

in

f,rrst position.

4

Au Clair De La Lune

French Folk Song

TIvinkle, Tlvinkle Little Star

.G

ay

Ah! Vous dirai-je, Maman

F

o is a whole note. A whole note receives 4 beats.

l,'l

1234

l.lV

1234

(\/)

French Folk Song

o=J*J* J*)

I4

@

@

ABC25

,!f

"?f

n

Go TellAunt Rhody

Study No. 1

American Folk Song

15

nut

LESSON 8

A

Open A-string

o

.D is un eighth note. An eighth note rece ives Vzof a bear. ))

= I1 = J

J. ls u dotted quarter note. A dotted quarter note rece ives lVzbeats. J. = J * )

Count: |

2 +

Sav: "one two and".

*Draw quick, light bows on the up bows.

Count: |

2 + 3

4

Say: "one two and three four"

I'l

@ wut--up

ABC25

Ode To Joy

LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN

16

lt

Frère Jacques

Alouette

Long, Long Ago

French Folk Song

French Folk Song

T. H. BAYLY

nut

LESSON 9

The A-String

In First Position

A Bcf,

B is lst finger on the A-string. Cf is 4th finger on the A-string.

l7

Count: I+2+3+4

Say: "one and two and

|l

Moderato ) =120

tl

+

three and four and".

Hot Cross Buns

The Lumberjack

English Folk Song

JANICE TUCKER RHODA

nut

r#

c#

({} Warm-ups

.,r||

l:4+Lrt_+:

LESSON 10

The E-String In First Position

Ff,

C#

Ff, is 1st finger on the E-string. Gf, is 4th finger on the E-string.

18

LESSON 11

Second Finger ON ALL STRINGS in First Position

clz

a

* 1-

ADUZC

1B

flarm-uns

,/

F

|l

-

f,l

-.

,

C

I

l,l

FI

-

It

|l

London Bridge

Lightly Row

Bb ir 2nd finger on the G-string.

F is 2nd finger on the D-string.

C

is 2nd finger on the A-string.

G

is 2nd finger on the E-string.

-

-

English Folk Song

German Folk Song

I means keep first finger on the string while playing Open G.

T9

J. ir u dotted half note. A dotted half note receives 3 bears. ). = ) * J

g

Warm-uns

aa

Count

@

a

a

23

Count:1

.1.

vn 76

AllegroJ=138

rlr

!-

tl

-.

|

"?f

Count:

1

,.

ABC25

0 îempo

-!

123

+

I\I

t,

-'-

+

Over The Ocean

rit.

JANICE TUCKER RHODA

@ Warm ws

Allegretts ) = t44

V

The Kangaroo

JANICE TUCKER RHODA

"!f

123 4

In alla breve or "cut time" (Q =

7),

there are 2 beats per measure, and the half note receives 1 beat.

Andante ) = el

The Lioness

JANICE TUCKER RHODA

"!f

Count:2 +

fsà Warm-ups

\-7

t^

I

G

2

l+2+

Fl

Count:1 +

2

(j}) Allegro )=tt

\-/

ptzz.

:>

f=

>

Rock'N'Roll Bass

>>>

1+2+

JANICE TUCKER RHODA

> rfleàrtS accent the note.

Please learn to play the G-Major Scale on page 40.

AÓUZ3

2l

LESSON 12

Slurred Staccato And Portato

*Play slurred staccato.

Allegretto J = 132

a

t

tL

.

l.l

l'l

I

"?f

@***T

*Play slurred portato.

Moderato ) = tZù

Merry-Go-Round

Playing Soccer

JANICE TUCKER RIIODA

JANICE TUCKER RHODA

V-J

*Play slurred staccato.

rrv-

Pop! Goes The Weasel

rl

[-J

English Folk Song

23

6

means 6 beats per measure.

8

means an eighth note ()) receives 1 beat.

@ \-/

Warm-uPs

-

vlt

r23

.|l

v|ì

v

4 5 6

VF

V

count'))))))

t23456

For He's A Jotly Good Fellow

n

r234

Oats And Beans

American Folk Song

24

Warm-up

II\TERMEDIATE LEVEL

LESSON 13

The Smooth Slur

- ]/-,

@ Moderato

-

Y.-.-_

French Folk Song

Moderato

Up On The House Top

American Folk Song

This Otd ùIan

Moderato

*C means cornmon time 1ft1.

American Folk Song

No bowings at beginning-of pieces unless needed in this intermediate level.

@ a"oante

"?f

The Hope

Hatikvah

Please learn to play the A-minor Scale on page 41.

@ Andante ) =tz

.trla

ry

China Sea

Oh, Susanna

Moderato

N. H.IMBER

JANICE TUCKER RHODA

STEPHEN FOSTER

26

THIRD POSITION

LESSOI{ Í4

Third Position On The G-String

6

Warm-uns

A

B

C

cr

I

4

I

t

D 4

t24

ilI

C, Cf,, D in third position

on the G-string.

Roman numeral I means first position.

Roman numeral III means third position.

r&

I

*Shift the left hand to third position.

ilI

**Restez

lll

xxrestez

means stay in the position.

Check 4th Finger Octave

ADVZC

27

A glissando (J )

orJ -.-Jl is a continuous, audible sliding movement.

Allegretto

I

Yiolin

,

III

Concerto Theme

LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN

Please learn to play the D-Major Scale on page 41.

ReubenAnd Rachel

Moderato

English Folk Song

@ Warm-uns

28 Over The RiverAnd Through The Woods

Allegro

Use staccato

@

bowing on the dotted notes.

**,Jn

Allegro ) = 132

School Is Out!

,

--4

4 American Folk Song

JANICE TUCKER RHODA

I

'4'

4

@**-T

f

a,

rit

Slur 4 Notes In One Bow Stroke

\---^.-

Moderato J = 100

f,l

Hop Scotch

JANICE TUCKER RHODA

29

Study No. 2

IL

LESSON 15

33

I

There are 3 triplet eighth notes (J J J) in 1 quarter note. J J J = J

(fr) Warm-ups

\-/

|lvllvllv

3

n

ABC25

,rn tn

Say: "tri-p-let tri-p-let"

lt

30

) i, u sixteenth note. It receive s ll4of a beat. ))rùrN = ffi

@ Warm-up |lvf'lvnvrlvl'l

= )

A doned eighth note ().) followed by a sixteenth note ()) receives 1 beat.

Warm-ups

Count: 1

I

e2

I

). * )

= J

314+t/4=l

I

Allegretto

E

Row Your Boat

American Folk Song

31

Syncopation or syncopated rhythm:

The rhythmic accent is on the weak beat (versus strong beat) of the measure

@ warm-up IIV N Vtl V

Count:I +2+

| +2+

Joy To The World

Moderato

4,-.é

LOWELL MASON a/er

GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL

A

Slur 3 Notes Per Bow Stroke

Warm-up

Moderato J = 100

Swinging High!

JANICE TUCKER RHODA

úNo* t

3

go mer-ri-ly swing-ingon the swing!

3

Up so high eas-i-ly reach-ing to the sky!

32

LESSON 16

Third Position On The D-String

I

I

III

lll

lll

Ill

restez

restez

restez

E

I

r#

4

G

I

c#

2

A

4

124

ilI

1 shift

III

G, G*, A in third position on the D-string.

Check l st Finger Unison

ll

.)

1J

Good King Wenceslas

Moderato

.1.

,:-

I

III

0

Use 2nd

Finger

I 4q

III

English Folk Song

Check 4th Finger Octave

lll

I

restez

ilI

The King's Jester

Andantino J = 100

JANICE TUCKER RHODA

Third position on the A-string and E-string is covered in book 2,

"The ABCs of Bass for the Developing Student."

34

LESSON 17

G# And A In Half Position* On The G-string

nut

c#

I

A 2

**gb

4

Ll2

t2

ll2pos

pos means half position.

xx4th finger Bb ir covered in Book 2.

Warm-ups

0

a

ll2 pos

,

1/2 pos resîez

1l

-)

TheWindmill

Andantino J = 120

.tlftl

2l

mp dolce

|l

Gf and A in half position

on the G-string.

JANICE TUCKER RHODA

n

Please learn to play A-Major Scale on page 41.

*Half position is covered extensively in book 2,

ABC25

I

"The ABCs of Bass for the Developing Student."

nut

SECOND POSITION

LESSON 18

Second Position On The G-String

G

1

I

2

4

t24

II

Bb, B, C in second position

on the G-string.

35

Roman numeral II means second position.

r

(q)

*Shift the left hand to second position.

il restez

4

ll

restez

II

24

/tl

Q)

*1st finger Bb is covered on page 40.

ABC25

,

II

@

.

'

spiccato

Allegro

Andante

t)

-

legato

(4)

@warm-ups

ADUZC

Yankee f)oodle

(r\

Aura Lee

,

Q)

Q)

Q)

American Folk Sone

D.C. al Fine

American Folk Sons

Scarborough Fair

@

Moderato

@*

,

ftAndante ) =92

[rJJ/

\-/

4

-A-

,l'

r]

4

al

(a

n

É

r)

Lullaby

(a zr)

Please learn to play

the C-Major Scale on page 41.

ABC25

37

English Folk Song

,

JANICE TUCKER RHODA

38

LESSON 19

Second Position On The

nut

D

 

I

1

2

4

4

.La

.tl

 

,

ll restez

z0

 

a

 

Il restez

 

0

,

II rCSrcZ

*F

shift

pf

C#

tt I

,

il

D-String

F, Ff,, G in second position on the D-strine.

0

Check 4th Finger Unison

.

4

ll restez

02

Allegro

'

lL

4

II

Skip To My Lou

*1st finger Fh is covered on page 39.

ADUZC

,

II

-{

American Folk Song

39

Moderato

@*t'-l.,t,

ll

restez

Andante

arco

,

,

lI restez

Hush rLittle Baby

El Capotín

Please learn to play the E-minor Scale on page 41.

LESSON 20

American Folk Song

I

I

Puerto Rican Folk Song

jUse 1st Finger In Second Position On The D-String

WWarm-upr ,

.

tJ

ABC25

ll restez

t0

II restez

,

II

z

shift

*î

II

oo *Ur. 1st Finger In Second Position on The G-string

. ì,.

ll restez

ll restez

Moderato

rl.

,

Home On The Range

American Cowboy Song

restez

t

Second position on the A-string and E-string is covered in book 2, "TheABCs of Bass for

the Developing Student."

ABC25

4 Major Scales And 2 Mtnor Scales

G-Major Scale

t

A-Major Scale

C-Major Scale

z,o

A Natural-Minor Scale

olz

-

E Natural-Minor Scale

0tz

12

il

L/2 pos

4

t

Use your metronome at different speeds:

Use varied rhythms: J7

Usevariedbowines: )

)

)

)

)

)

\_/

).

)

J:50 J=60 J:80

o J))J

-\--l/

4I

42

Melody E

Harmony n

-ta

-aa

.G

ABC25

'rlr

|ll

F

ll

lll

-

-

|.t

EASY DUETS

Mary Had A Little Lamb

-

I

I

tt'l

Jingle Bells

ll

American Fork song

rAMES prERpoNr

43

+l-€

fr-fi

+Ì-fi

FI

n

-

-

My Dreydl

S. GROSSMAN

and S. GOLDFARB

TIvinkle, Tlvinkle Little Star

-la

-4.

t

.14

ABC25

tl

-

tl I

Ah! vous dirai-je Maman

I

French Folk song

rrl

44

-

ta

-aa

t

_ójl-

-ta

AL'

-

-ta

aa

tL

.

ll

l'l

Go TetlAunt Rhodv

I

rll

ll

American Folk Song

'rl

'l

45

AL'

-aa

-ta

-t.

-aa

t

|l

E

-

F

F

l.l

Ode To Joy

I

llr

lll

lll

LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN

I

'fl

|

7 |

r

I

16

Directions:

Worksheet

1. Write the letter names above the notes.

2. Write the fingerings below the notes.

DGAAC

a

qglq

f

i I

|

|

tt

ll2 pos

r

I

I

I

,

IIII

IIIil

-

ru

III

Glossary

47

Accidentals: signs used to indicate chromatic changes. fi sharp, b flat, i natural

Arco: play by using the bow.

A tempo: back to the original tempo

Bow stroke styles:

Legato: smooth, no separation between the bow strokes.

Portato: a "smooth" staccato bow - half wav between staccato and

legato bowing - a slight pause between the bow strokes. i

a

Spiccato: a short bow stroke, bow comes off the string. f

Staccato: a detached bow stroke, bow does not come off the string. I

D.C. al Fine, Da Capo al Fine: from the beginning to the end

Dolce: play sweetly.

Duet: a composition written for two instruments

Dvnamic marks: indicate desrees of volume.

pp = pianissimo = very soft

p -piano =soft

W = mezzopiano = medium soft

^f = mezzoforte = medium loud

f =fort" = loud

ff

= fortissimo = very loud

Espressivo: expressive; play with expression.

Fermata: hold or pause fî

Fingerings: finger numbers of the left hand

Key signatures: indicate sharps or flats of a particular key.

E GMajorffi DMajor ffi

Note values: symbols of rhythm

o = whole note

J. = dotted half note

J = half note

Pizzicato, Pizz.: pluck the string.

Poco: little

Rests: indicate silence -.- = whole

-

|

-half

=quarter

AMajor ffiBbMajor E

J. = dotted quarter note

J = quarter note

.b = eiehth note

'/

I

I

= eighth

=Sixteenth

=thirty-second

FMajor

=cMajor

.l = ,i*t""nth note

N

J

= thirty-second note

Rit., ritard., ritardando: slow down gradually.

Scale: a series of 8 notes beginning on the tonic note and ending on the tonic note an octave higher. Slur: a curved line which groups notes together in the same bow stroke.

Tempo marks: indicate the rate of speed of the composition.

Allegro - fast

Allegretto - moderately

fast

Moderato - moderate

Andantino - faster than Andante Andante - medium slow Largo - slow

Time signatures: numbers indicating beats per measure: 2 3 4 6

4448

ABC25