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TABLE #8

BOAC, EJ
LBYENVP A54A
MONTERUBIO, KENNETH
FINAL REPORT
OBAOB, JERICKSON
SARAGENA, MICHAEL

Activity 6: Methods of Heat Transfer

I. OBJECTIVE

The objective of this activity is to determine how energy is transferred


by conduction and radiation. In Conduction method, by comparing two
different types of metal (aluminum and brass), we can compare which
among the two conducts more heat energy. In Radiation method, by
using two metal cans with different surfaces (black paint and
unpainted), we are able to determine which metal can absorb more
radiation from a light source.

II. BACKGROUND

There are three methods to transfer heat and these are (1) Conduction,
(2) Radiation, and (3) Convection. Energy, in the process we call heat
or heat flow. Heat has the unit of energy while heat flow has the units
of power. It constantly circulates in all of the objects and it includes
living objects. Conduction is the type of heat flow that results when
things are touching each other because heat transfer through matter.
Metal is one good example of a heat conductor. Radiation is the type of
heat transfer that can move through the emptiness and space of the
object. The heat transfer by radiation goes from a hotter object to a
cooler object. One good example of radiation is the heat coming from
the sun going towards the Earth. Convection is the type of heat
transfer that only takes place by liquids and gases because the
movement of the atom is from one place to another. An example of this
is the heat gained by conduction or radiation from the sun is moved
about the planet by convection. Another example of convection also
occurs in the Earths ocean, because the warmed water is from the
bottom towards the top while the surface water becomes cooler, it
sinks and circulate towards the bottom of the ocean.
PART 1. HEAT RANSFER BY CONDUCTION

EQUIPMENT NEEDED

The physics laboratory provided the materials needed for this activity
Pre-Lab Question

Which type of metal being tested (aluminum or brass) will conduct


thermal energy from one end to the other most rapidly?

PROCEDURE/EXPERIMENTAL SET-UP

The procedure in this activity was provided through the lab manual. All
we need to take note was the sensors were connected and functioning
to get the accurate data and there is no discrepancy. We also need to
make sure that the materials were properly arrange according to the
instructions and we need to double check the soldering iron because it
must be connected to the ends of the two metals to enable to conduct
heat.

DATA SHEET FOR CONDUCTION

METAL Starting Ending Time to Final Slope of the


Temp. (C) Temp. (C) Temp. (s) Line
Aluminum 28.3 42.7 380 0.0370
Brass 27.4 31.5 390 0.0105
Heat Conduction
45
40
35
30
25
temperature
20
15
10
5
0
Start End

ANALYSIS/SYNTHESIS QUESTIONS

Our group predicts that aluminum will conduct more heat than the
brass. It is because of the light structure and the ability of the
aluminum to absorb heat energy from the soldering iron. One member
of our group share his thoughts about the kitchen wares because most
of them were made of aluminum that is why we come up to the idea
that aluminum will have a higher temperature than brass.

PART 2. HEAT TRANSFER BY RADIATION

EQUIPMENT NEEDED

The physics laboratory provided the materials needed for this activity

Pre-Lab Question

How will the temperature change of water in a can that is painted black
compare to the temperature change of water in a can that is unpainted
when both are exposed to a heat lamp?
PROCEDURE/EXPERIMENTAL SET-UP

Same as the first activity, the procedure in this activity was provided
through the lab manual. All we need to take note was the sensors were
connected and functioning to get the accurate data and there is no
discrepancy. We just need to be precise about the distance of the heat
lamp and the can to get the proper data.

DATA SHEET FOR RADIATION

Painted Can (C) Unpainted Can (C)


Starting Temp. 27.5 26.8
Ending Temp. 30.8 28.4
Change in Temp. 3.3 1.6

Heat Radiation
45
40
35
30
25
temperature
20
15
10
5
0
Start End

Painted Can (C) Unpainted Can (C)


Change in Temp. 3.3 1.6