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CMYK Nxxx,2013-06-19,A,001,Bs-BK,E3

Late Edition
Today, periodic clouds and sun-
shine, high 77. Tonight, clear, cool,
low 58. Tomorrow, mostly sunny, a
seasonably warm afternoon, high
80. Weather map is on Page C8.

VOL. CLXII . . No. 56,172 2013 The New York Times NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 19, 2013 $2.50



In Most Cases, Internal Cautious Support From

Review Was the Only Obama and Karzai
Investigation An Early Step


tradictory stories emerged about signaled a breakthrough in ef-
an F.B.I. agents killing last forts to start Afghan peace nego-
month of a Chechen man in Or- tiations on Tuesday, announcing
lando, Fla., who was being ques- the opening of a political office in
tioned over ties to the Boston Qatar and a new readiness to talk
Marathon bombing suspects, the with American and Afghan offi-
bureau reassured the public that cials, who said in turn that they
it would clear up the murky epi- would travel to meet insurgent
sode. negotiators there within days.
The F.B.I. takes very serious- If the talks begin, they will be a
ly any shooting incidents involv- significant step in peace efforts
ing our agents, and as such we that have been locked in an im-
have an effective, time-tested A military police officer doused a protester with pepper spray in Rio de Janeiro on Monday. The unrest continued on Tuesday. passe for nearly 18 months, after
process for addressing them in- the Taliban walked out and ac-
ternally, a bureau spokesman cused the United States of negoti-
But if such internal investiga-
tions are time-tested, their out-
In Bulgers Underworld, a Judas Was the Worst Protests Grow ating in bad faith. American offi-
cials have long pushed for such
talks, believing them crucial to
comes are also predictable: from
1993 to early 2011, F.B.I. agents fa- As Brazilians in what you did? Mr. Martorano
was asked under relentless cross-
stabilizing Afghanistan after the
2014 Western military withdraw-
tally shot about 70 subjects and Killer Testifies on Code
wounded about 80 others and
every one of those episodes was of Honor at Mob
BOSTON Family and
Blame Leaders examination on Tuesday by Hen-
ry Brennan, a defense lawyer.
But the Taliban may have other
friends come first, John Marto- I thought so, Mr. Martorano goals in moving ahead. Their lan-
deemed justified, according to in-
terviews and internal F.B.I. rano, an aging gangster known Trial in Boston replied. I thought both. I didnt guage made clear that they
records obtained by The New as the Executioner, declared like risking my life, but I thought By SIMON ROMERO sought to be dealt with as a legiti-
York Times through a Freedom from the witness stand here on if the reason was right, Id try. mate political force with a long-
SO PAULO, Brazil Shaken
of Information Act lawsuit. Tuesday. My father always That concept of honor has been term role to play beyond the in-
son in the world. by the biggest challenge to their surgency. In that sense, in addi-
The last two years have fol- taught me that. The priests and a subtext of this trial since the authority in years, Brazils lead-
the nuns I grew up with taught Just a few days into testimony tion to aiding in talks, the actual
lowed the same pattern: an F.B.I. moment it opened last week. Mr. ers made conciliatory gestures
me that. They taught me that Ju- at one of the most sensational opening of their office in Qatar
spokesman said that since 2011, Bulgers lead lawyer, J. W. Car- on Tuesday to try to defuse the
das Judas was the worst per- criminal trials in this citys histo- nearly a year and a halfafter ini-
there had been no findings of im- ney Jr., took the unusual tack of protests engulfing the nations
ry, it is clear that something more tial plans to open it were an-
proper intentional shootings. immediately acknowledging that cities. But the demonstrators re-
In most of the shootings, the is at stake than the racketeering nounced and then soon after sus-
and murder charges in the 32- his client was guilty of several mained defiant, pouring into the
F.B.I.s internal investigation was pended could be seen as a sig-
count indictment against James charges against him, including streets by the thousands and
the only official inquiry. In the Or- nal that the Talibans ultimate
(Whitey) Bulger, the notorious drug dealing, illegal bookmaking venting their anger over political aim is recognition as an alterna-
lando case, for example, there and loansharking, and said he corruption, the high cost of living
have been conflicting accounts ruler of Bostons underworld in tive to the Western-backed gov-
the 1970s and 80s. had made millions upon mil- and huge public spending for the ernment of President Hamid Kar-
about basic facts like whether the lions of dollars through his crim-
The trial has focused in its ear- World Cup and the Olympics. zai.
Chechen man, Ibragim Todashev, inal enterprises.
ly days on the criminals con- In a convulsion that has caught By agreeing to negotiations,
attacked an agent with a knife,
cepts of honor and loyalty, codes But, the lawyer insisted, Mr. many in Brazil and beyond by the Taliban can come out in the
was unarmed or was brandishing
they say they lived by. Bulger, 83, was never an F.B.I. in- surprise, waves of protesters de- open, engage the rest of the re-
a metal pole. But Orlando hom-
icide detectives are not independ- Mr. Martorano, for one, who former, as the prosecution al- nounced their leaders for ded- gion as legitimate actors, and it
ently investigating what hap- has confessed to at least 20 mur- leges. Nor, he said, did Mr. Bulger icating so many resources to cul- will be very difficult to prevent
pened. ders, took offense at being called kill the two women on the list of tivating Brazils global image by that when we recognize the office
We had nothing to do with it, a mass murderer, did not like 19 murders he is accused of par- building stadiums for interna- and are talking to the office, said
said Sgt. Jim Young, an Orlando the term hit man and rejected ticipating in. tional events, when basic serv- Vali Nasr, a former State De-
police spokesman. Its a federal the label serial killer. The code prohibits the killing ices like education and health partment official who is the dean
matter, and were deferring ev- He preferred the term vigi- of women. And being an informer care remain woefully inadequate. of the Johns Hopkins School of
erything to the F.B.I. lante, seeing in it the noble pur- is totally unacceptable some- I love soccer, but we need Advanced International Studies.
Occasionally, the F.B.I. does suit of protecting friends and thing that Mr. Carney said was schools, said Evaldir Cardoso, The United States, already
discipline an agent. Out of 289 de- REUTERS
family, especially if they were be- deeply ingrained in the Irish, who 48, a fireman at a protest here heading toward its military exit,
liberate shootings covered by the The victim of a killing attribut- ing hurt or double-crossed or for so long had to protect one an- with his 7-month-old son. has little to offer beyond prisoner
documents, many of which left no ed not to the defendant, but to could be hurt or double-crossed. other from their British over- The demonstrations initially exchanges, and the Taliban are
Continued on Page A18 a star prosecution witness. Is there any honor or integrity Continued on Page A15 Continued on Page A8 Continued on Page A3

Energized by Bloombergs Exit, Extending a Hand Abroad, Obama Often Finds a Cold Shoulder
Labor Chiefs Try to Sway Race By MARK LANDLER


terhouse steak and cherry pie at
After more than a decade of sit- Several labor leaders are weigh- a desert estate in California earli-
ting out the fiercest race in town, ing advertising blitzes aimed at er this month, President Obama
leaders of the United Federation the broader public. Political or- delivered a stern lecture to Presi-
of Teachers are plotting a come- ganizers are training callers, so- dent Xi Jinping about Chinas dis-
back. cial media activists and door-to- putes with its neighbors. If it is
They have so much polling door canvassers. going to be a rising power, he
data that they can pinpoint the Politics in the city are shift- scolded, it needs to behave like
views of Puerto Ricans and Chi- ing, Michael Mulgrew, president one.
nese immigrants alike. They can of the teachers union, said. Its The next morning, Mr. Xi
tailor messages based on brands not a pipe dream. Were going to
of toilet paper voters buy. Nor- punched back, accusing the Unit-
be a force. ed States of the same computer
mally busy handling complaints Labor leaders face several
from teachers, they are now hacking tactics it attributed to
challenges as they seek to re- China. It was, Mr. Obama ac-
scouring financial records and assert themselves as political
questioning candidates about knowledged, a very blunt con-
heavyweights in a city that has versation.
$4,000 restaurant bills. not elected a Democrat for mayor
And on Wednesday, the union Ten days later, in Northern Ire-
since 1989. In a crowded field, land, Mr. Obama had another
will throw its sophisticated politi-
they are split over whom to en- tough meeting with a prickly
cal machine behind a candidate
dorse, causing concern that they leader, President Vladimir V.
for mayor of New York City.
might cancel one another out. Putin of Russia. At odds with him
Unions across the city, after
years of low morale and stalled At a time of declining union over the Syrian civil war, Mr. KEVIN LAMARQUE/REUTERS

contract negotiations, are roaring membership and lingering eco- Obama tried to lighten the mood President Obama had a chilly meeting with President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia on Monday.
back to life this election season, nomic turmoil, the strength of or- by joking about how age was de-
excited by the prospect of in- ganized labor is unclear. Public pleting their athletic skills. Mr.
stalling a friend of labor in City officials across the country, in- Putin, a decade older and fending of two cold war antagonists of the foreign policy: his main counter- example, the president is to meet
Hall when Mayor Michael R. cluding Mr. Bloomberg, a politi- off questions at home about his United States is nothing new, the parts on the world stage are not in Berlin with Chancellor Angela
Bloomberg leaves office at the cal independent, have cast doubt health, seemed sensitive on the two bruising encounters in such a his friends, and they make little Merkel of Germany, who has in-
end of the year. on their motives, and pushed point. The president just wants short span underscore a hard re- attempt to cloak their disagree- vited him to deliver a speech at
Some groups, like the teachers back against demands from mu- to get me to relax, he said with a ality for Mr. Obama as he heads ments in diplomatic niceties. the Brandenburg Gate. But Ms.
union, are expected to spend sev- nicipal workers for retroactive taut smile. deeper into a second term that Even his friends are not always Merkel is also expected to press
eral million dollars on the race. Continued on Page A25 While tangling with the leaders may come to be dominated by so friendly. On Wednesday, for Continued on Page A11


The Fruits of Surveillance Obama Will Seek Arms Cuts Uncertainty at the Fed Heat Force a Seventh Game
Gen. Keith B. Al- President Obama will offer to reduce With Ben S. Bernankes second four- The Miami Heat beat the San Antonio
exander and other the American nuclear arsenal if Russia year term leading the Federal Reserve Spurs, 103-100, in overtime, to even the
national security does the same, officials said. PAGE A10 due to end in January, President Obama N.B.A. finals at three games all. LeBron
officials told a suggested that he was likely to nomi- James had 32 points, 10 rebounds and 11
House committee nate a new chairman this year. PAGE B1 assists in the victory. Tim Duncan had
that potential ter- 30 points for the Spurs. Game 7 will be
rorist events Minor Derailment, Big Trouble Nickelodeon Keeps Food Ads played Thursday night. PAGE B11
were disrupted by Part of a train slid off the track in a tun- The childrens TV network, unlike the
government sur- nel near Pennsylvania Station, affecting Disney Channel, refused to adopt a set
veillance. PAGE A18 DINING D1-8 EDITORIAL, OP-ED A26-27
rail service in the Northeast. PAGE A21 of nutritional standards and ban food
ads that violated those rules. PAGE B1 A Healthy Cooks Sweet Secret Maureen Dowd PAGE A27
Immigration Reforms Savings ARTS C1-7 Martha Rose Shulman, a crusader for
Congressional budget analysts say a Obesity Recognized as Disease eating light, reveals that in her off-

proposed immigration overhaul would Shakespeare With Jitterbug The move by the American Medical As- hours, she loves to haul out the butter
cut close to $1 trillion from the deficit Comedy of Errors in Central Park. sociation could help improve reimburse- and bake treats, like the Quintessential
over the next two decades. PAGE A17 Charles Isherwoods review. PAGE C1 ment for drugs and surgery. PAGE B1 Chocolate Chip Cookie, above. PAGE D1