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DOA TEODORA Rizals first teacher

3 YEARS OLD age when Rizal learned the alphabet and the prayers

JOSE ALBERTO taught Rizal painting, sketching, and sculpture

UNCLE GREGORIO influenced Rizal to further love reading

UNCLE MANUEL developed Rizals physical skills in martial arts like wrestling

PRIVATE TUTORS were hired to give him lessons at home

MAESTRO CELESTINO Rizals first tutor

MAESTRO LUCAS PADUA Rizals second tutor

LEON MONROY Don Franciscos former classmate who lived in Rizals home to become his tutor in
Spanish and Latin

MAESTRO JUSTINIANO AQUINO CRUZ whose school Paciano brought Rizal to

SMALL NIPA HOUSE Maestro Justiniano Aquino Cruz house where Rizal studied

NEBRIJA & GAINZA grammars known by the heart of Justiniano Aquino Cruz

PEDRO the teachers son who bullied Rizal

ANDRES SALANDANAN Rizals classmate with whom he had an arm-wrestling match where he lost
and almost cracked his head on the sidewalk

COLEGIO DE SAN JUAN DE LETRAN school where Rizal, after studying for three months, was asked
by the Dominican friars to look for another school due to his radical and bold questions

ATENEO MUNICIPAL school run by the Jesuit congregation (Society of Jesus) where Don Francisco
sent Rizal instead

ESCUELA PIA charity school

INTRAMUROS where Paciano found Rizals first boarding house

CALLE CARBALLO IN SANTA CRUZ boarding house whre Rizal had transferred

ROMAN EMPIRE a group in Ateneo comprised by interns (boarders)

CARTHAGINIAN EMPIRE a group in Ateneo consisted of the externs (non-boarders)

DIGNITARIES top ranks within groups

EMPEROR highest position

TRIBUNE second to the highest position

DECURION third to the highest position

CENTURION fourth to the highest position

STANDARD-BEARER lowest position

RELIGIOUS PICTURE Rizals prize for becoming an Emperor

EXCELLENT mark attained by Rizal in all the subjects and in the examinations

NO. 6 CALLE MAGALLANES where Rizal transferred residence during his second year

5 MEDALS garnered by Rizal at the end of the school year


SOBRESALIENTE outstanding

JOSE BECH priest-professor in Ateneo; a man with mood swings and somewhat of a lunatic and of an
uneven humor

FRANCISCO DE PAULA SANCHEZ an upright, earnest, and caring teacher whom Rizal considered his
best professor

DON AUGUSTIN SAEZ Rizal's professor who thoughtfully guided him in drawing and painting

ROMUALDO DE JESUS lovingly instructed Rizal in sculpture

PHILOSOPHY & LETTERS course Rizal took in UST

LAND SURVEYOR & ASSESSOR'S DEGREE vocational course Rizal took in Ateneo

MEDICINE Rizal's second course in UST which he took to be able to cure the deteriorating eyesight of
his mother

DISCRIMINATION reason why Rizal stopped attending classes at UST

19 SUBJECTS total number of subjects that Rizal finished in UST

MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY & LETTERS course Rizal took in Spain

UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DE MADRID school where Rizal enrolled in Spain

DR. MIGUEL MORAYTA excommunicated by bishops for delivering a liberal speech proclaiming the
freedom of science and the teacher, at the opening ceremony of the academic year which
started the protest rallies

NICANOR REYES STREET the street in Manila formerly named after Morayta

DEGREE OF LICENTIATE IN MEDICINE degree Rizal received at the age of 23

FAIR rating Rizal got affected by the low grades he got from UST

DOCTOR OF MEDICINE DEGREE to which Rizal was led to accomplish after he took and completed
the three additional subjects

DEGREE OF LICENTIATE IN PHILOSOPHY & LETTERS awarded to Rizal by the Madrid University
exactly at his 24th birthday

UNIVERSITY OF PARIS where Rizal attended medical lectures

DR. LOUIS DE WECKERT to whom Rizal worked as an assistant in Paris and from whom he learned
how to perform all the ophthalmological operations

DR. OTTO BECKER & PROF. WILHELM KUEHNE to whom Rizal attended lectures in the University of
Heidelberg

UNIVERSITY OF THE EYE where Rizal also worked under the guidance of Dr. Becker

OPHTHALMOSCOPE invention which Rizal used to operate on his mother's eye

HERMANN VON HELMHOLTZ inventor of the ophthalmoscope

25 YRS. OLD age when Rizal had completed his eye specialization

WILHEMSFLED where Rizal wrote the last few chapters of Noli

DR. KARL ULLMER Protestant pastor whose pastoral house Rizal stayed in Wilhemsfeld

UNIVERSITY OF LIEPZIG where Rizal attended lectures on history and psychology


DR. SCHWEIGGERS CLINIC where Rizal worked as an assistant in Berlin

UNIVERSITY OF BERLIN where Rizal received lectures in Berlin

PROF. FRIEDRICH RATZEL German historian who Rizal befriended

DR. HANZ MEYER & DR. RUDOLF VIRCHOW German anthropologists who Rizal befriended

DR. FEODOR JAGOR the author of Travels in the Philippines

TRAVELS IN THE PHILIPPINES book Rizal had read as a student in Manila

DR. HANS VIRCHOW Rudolfs son; descriptive anatomy professor who Rizal befriended

63 CHAPTERS & AN EPILOGUE comprises Rizals first novel Noli Me Tangere

NOLI shortened name by which Rizals first novel is commonly called

TOUCH ME NOT & THE SOCIAL CANCER English translation of Noli Me Tangere

JOHN 20:17 Bible verse from which the title of the novel was derived

UNCLE TOMS CABIN influenced Rizal to publish the novel

HARRIET BEECHER STOWE author of Uncle Toms Cabin

COMPATRIOTS more interested in writing about women instead in spending time gambling or flirting
with Spanish women

MADRID where Rizal finished half of the Noli

PARIS where Rizal had written the third quarter of the novel

PALDO loaded with money

DR. MAXIMO VIOLA savior of Noli; insisted on lending Rizal some money so that the Noli could be
published

ELIAS AND SALOME the deleted chapter which was supposedly the Chapter 25 following the chapter
In the Woods

BLUMENTRITT to whom Rizal sent a copy of the novel

300 PESOS money Viola lent to Rizal used to print the first 2,000 copies of the Noli

CRISOSTOMO IBARRA main character of Noli; young & wealthy Filipino who returned to his country
after some years of study in Europe

CAPITAN TIAGO (SANTIAGO DE LOS SANTOS) threw a party at his house in Manila in Ibarras honor

PADRE DAMASO fat Franciscan priest who had been assigned for many years in Ibarras native town

SAN DIEGO Ibarras native town

FRAY SYBILA the young Dominican curate of Binondo

LIEUTENANT GUEVARRA OF THE GUARDIA CIVIL lieutenant of the Guardia Civil

DOA VICTORINA wife of a fake Spanish physician

TIBURCIO DE ESPADAA a fake Spanish physician and husband of Doa Victorina

DON RAFAEL IBARRA Crisostomos father and a friend of Capitan Tiago

MARIA CLARA Capitan Tiagos supposed daughter and Crisostomos fiance


CHINESE CEMETERY where Crisostomos fathers corpse was supposed to be transferred by the
order of the curate

PADRE SALVI San Diego parish priest whom Ibarra suddenly attacked after seeing him

ELIAS boatman who was saved by Ibarra after he was almost killed by a crocodile trapped in the fish
cage

BASILIO altar boy; older son of Sisa

CRISPIN altar boy; younger son of Sisa who was falsely accused of stealing from the convent and
was then tortured and killed by the wicked and crooked

OPIUM to which Capitan Tiago became addicted

AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT age of development

CRISOSTOMO IBARRA represents the small group of Filipinos who had a chance to study abroad and
dreamt of improving the country

DAMASO corresponds to wicked but ironically respected priests

MARIA CLARA stands for the powerless Filipina patterned after Leonor Rivera

CAPITAN TIAGO represents the rich Filipino who opted to be allies (as in tuta) of Spanish officials &
friars just to preserve their wealth & political position

PIA ALBA Tiagos wife whom Damaso had raped

PILOSOPO TASIO symbolizes those whose ideas were advanced that other people could not
understand him patterned after Paciano

ELIAS signifies the Filipinos who wished to revolutionize the country by liberating it from the Spanish
tyranny

SISA, CRISPIN & BASILIO epitomize a Filipino family oppressed by the Spanish authorities

DOA VICTORINA represents some ambitious Filipinas who wanted to be classified as Spanish

DON TIBURCIO Doa Victorinas husband who stands for incompetent & unqualified Spaniards who
illegally practiced their supposed profession in the Philippines

PADRE SALVI curate who secretly harbors lust for Maria Clara; represents the seemingly kind but in
fact wicked Spanish friars

DON RAFAEL IBARRA epitomizes the rich and at the same time virtuous and generous Filipinos
during the Spanish era

FERDINAND BLUMENTRITT Rizals Austrian friend and a non-Filipino defender of the Noli

DR. MIGUEL MORAYTA statesman and history professor in Central University of Madrid and a non-
Filipino defender of Noli

FEDERICO FAURA Rizals Jesuit professor

GOV. GEN. EMILIO TERRERO governor general during Rizals first homecoming

BERNARDINO NOZALEDA Archbishop of Manila who petitioned to ban the Noli

LT. JOSE TAVIEL DE ANDRADE Rizals bodyguard

PEDRO PAYO denounced Noli as ecclesiastically heretical, impious, and scandalous & politically
unpatriotic, subversive of public order, and harmful to the Spanish government & its
administration in the Philippines
PERMANENT COMMISSION OF CENSORSHIP similarly found the Noli to contain subversive ideas
against the Catholic church & Spain

SALVADOR FONT Tondo cura who led the Permanent Commission of Censorship

VICENTE BARRANTES wrote a newspaper article that resentfully attacked the Noli

JOSE RODRIGUEZ Augustinian priest who wrote eight anti-Noli pamphlets

VICENTE GARCIA Filipino theologian and priest who countered Rodriguezs claims

JUSTO DESIDERIO MAGALANG Vicente Garcias penname

RIZALS FIRST TEACHERS SOCIETIES IN BERLIN

1. Dona Teodora 1. Ethnological Society


2. Saturnina 2. Anthropological Society
3. Jose Alberto 3. Geographical Society
4. Unce Gregorio
5. Uncle Manuel THOSE PRESENT AT THE REUNION

DIGNITARIES 1. The Paternos


2. Graciano Lopez Jaena
1. Emperor 3. Valentin Ventura
2. Tribune 4. Eduardo de Lete
3. Decurion 5. Evaristo Aguirre
4. Centurion 6. Julio Llorente
5. Standard-Bearer
THE PATERNOS
RIZALS PRIEST-PROFESSORS
1. Pedro
1. Jose Bech 2. Maximo
2. Francisco de Paula Sanchez 3. Antonio
3. Jose Vilaclara
4. Mineves