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Chemical

bonding
Dennie Jean D. Villarez

Grade 9-Pascal

Introduction
Objectives:
1. Determine how ionic and
covalent compounds are
formed.
2. Describe how a metallic
bond formed.
3. Explain why is an ionic
compound different from a
covalent compound.

Guide card
A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms that enables the formation
of chemical compounds. The bond may result from the electrostatic force of attraction
between atoms with opposite charges, or through the sharing of electrons as in the
covalent bonds.
The valence electrons are the electrons directly involved in forming bonds to form
compounds. The valence electrons are the outermost electrons..

Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency of an atom to attract electrons, the


higher its value, the higher its tendency to attract electrons.

Lewis symbol is composed of the symbol of the element and dots which represent
the number of valence electrons of an atom that can easily be determined through the
family or group number in the Periodical table of elements.

Atoms form bonds with one another to become stable and attain the electronic
configuration of the noble gas nearest it. An ionic bond involves complete transfer of
electrons; thus, ions are formed. It involves metals with low electronegativity and non-
metals with high electronegativity.

Ionic compounds conduct electricity when in solution but not in solid phase. It is
generally soluble in water and in polar solvents.

Covalent compounds involves the sharing of electrons that results in the formation
of covalent compound whose representative particle is a molecule. As a whole a molecule
does not carry a charge. It may be polar and non-polar. It is
non-conductors of electricity in the solid phase and in
solution. They have a lower melting temperature than
compounds formed by ionic compounds.

2 identical non-metallic atoms always form


nonpolar covalent compounds. Non-identical atoms
with electronegativity difference higher than 0.4
and lower than 1.9 produce polar covalent bond.

Metallic bonding exists in metal through the


attraction between the freely-moving valence electrons
and the positively charged metal atom. The valence
electrons of these metal atoms are usually called sea of
electrons.

Thermal and electrical conductivity in metals are due to the free flow of electrons
in the solid phase. Aside from these properties, metals are lustrous, malleable, and
ductile. These properties are related to the kind of bonding metals have.
Lets try some
activities!

Activity Card 1
B O N D I N G V J I
C H E M I C A L M E
O N M A P I O R C N
S E R T O T A N E H
O H G N U J E I O Y
S E I K Y L O M N G
F C O V A L E N T D
K T R V P I W H F E
Find the diff. words
related to chemical
bonding inside the
box.

Activity card 2
ALPRO DAN ONN-ALPRO
w
TNGEEAECLVTTIIVYARO

AVOLNTCE

NICOI

NEELVCA

Rearrange the ff.


jumbled words.

Assessment card
Directions: Answer the following. Encircle
the correct answer.
1. The ___________ electrons are the outer most
electron which are directly involved in chemical
bonding.
a) Covalent
b)Valence
c) Ionic
d)Metal
2. _______________is composed of the symbol of
element and dots which represent the no. of
electrons of an atom.
a) Lewis symbol
b)Curie symbol
c) Periodic symbol
d)Atomic symbol
3. ______________ are non-conductors of electricity
in the solid phase and in solution.
a) Ionic compound
b)Metallic compound
c) Covalent compound
d)Atomic compound
4. ___________ are generally soluble in water and in
polar solvents and can conduct electricity when
in solution but not in solid phase.
a) Ionic compound
b)Metallic compound
c) Covalent compound
d)Atomic compound
5. An ionic compound involves complete transfer of
electrons; thus,_______ are formed. It involves
metals with low electronegativity anf non-metals
with high electronegativity.
a) neutrons
b)electrons
c) ions
d)none of the above
Did you
know? Good job!

Enrichment card
The human body contains enough carbon to
provide 'lead' (which is really graphite) for about
9,000 pencils.
Although oxygen gas is colorless, the liquid and
solid forms of oxygen are blue.

Just one atomic layer thick, the miracle material


Graphene is a better conductor of electricity and
heat than any material.

The element Californium is often called the most


expensive substance in the world (as much as $68
million for one gram.)

Answer key

Activity 1
ACTIVTY 2

Polar and non-polar


Electronegativity
Covalent
Ionic
Valence

ASSESSMENT

B A
A C
C
Reference Card
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_bond
https://www.sciensational.com/chemistry.html
Science learners Module ( unit 2, module 2-
chemical bonding p. 111-125)