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Brian Abbs Ingrid Freebairn

New SKY
Reach for the Sky! David Bolton Clare Kennedy

978 88 8339 0173 A


Students Book Teachers Companion 1-2-3
attivit varie e coinvolgenti metodologia e programmazione
dialoghi in contesti reali note didattiche con attivit extra
molto materiale per lascolto Tests (fila A/B, formativi, sommativi,
canzoni, raps, giochi per abilit, recupero, potenziamento)
grammatica sistematica con attivit extra schede per il lavoro a coppie
grammatica di riferimento completa nel terzo livello lezioni CLIL fotocopiabili
materiale per la revisione e il recupero KET Test completo
VideoLinks nello Students Book e Video trascrizioni video e audio

Abbs Freebairn Bolton Kennedy


Activity Book incorporato nellActivity Book Test Master CD-Rom 1-2-3

Culture and Skills Book Class CDs & DVDs


schede di civilt 9 CD per la classe
storie da leggere 2 DVD
plays da drammatizzare Test audio CD
giochi per imparare divertendosi

Edizione PACK 978 88 8339 0166 Edizione LEGGERA 978 88 8339 0173

Students Book & Activity Book 3 Students Book & Activity Book 3
Students CD 3 Students CD 3
Culture and Skills Book 3 + audio CD 3 Culture and Skills Book 3 + audio CD 3
liveBook 3

Students Book & Activity Book 3


Pearson Digital System
il sistema aperto di prodotti e servizi per lattivit didattica, che parte dal libro
di testo e ne amplifica le potenzialit formative grazie alla tecnologia digitale.

DIGILIBRO Il materiale on-line del libro misto secondo le disposizioni di legge


Questopera, secondo le disposizioni di legge, ha forma mista cartacea e digitale, parzialmente disponibile
in Internet e rimarr immutata, nella sua parte cartacea, per il periodo di tempo indicato dalle normative.
Per la durata di vita delledizione saranno periodicamente resi disponibili materiali di aggiornamento.
Le parti dellopera disponibili on-line sono:
attivit interattive (edizione leggera)
Culture Lab (materiale extra di civilt)
KET Test
Free Culture
audioscripts degli Activity Book
Per accedere ai materiali, collegarsi al sito www.digilibro.pearson.it
and Skills Book
ACTIVEBOOK Il libro sfogliabile e interattivo per lo studio e le esercitazioni Video Activity Book
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approfondimenti, esercitazioni guidate, filmati, mappe interattive, glossario per il ripasso e per la revisione
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Lopera consta di due volumi
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Students Book &
Activity Book 3
9788883390173A_cop_NewSky_3.R3.indd 1 24/11/11 18:32
Brian Abbs Ingrid Freebairn
David Bolton Clare Kennedy
Pearson Italia spa

Students Book
3
Welcome to New Sky
New Sky un corso di lingua e cultura inglese che ti accompagner per
i primi tre anni della Scuola Secondaria di primo grado.
Ecco alcune informazioni utili per usare al meglio il tuo libro di testo.

Ogni livello di New Sky organizzato in 8 unit.


Ogni unit suddivisa in lezioni (A-E).
Nelle prime tre lezioni (A, B, C) troverai
testi diversi (dialoghi, lettere, e-mail ecc.)
accompagnati da attivit che ti aiuteranno
a imparare a usare la lingua inglese:
attivit di lettura (Read)
attivit di ascolto (Listen)
attivit per imparare a parlare (Speak)
attivit di scrittura (Write)
canzoni o rap (Song/Rap) per imparare
divertendoti

Nelle pagine di Grammar (D)


potrai capire come funziona
la lingua inglese attraverso
esempi, riessioni sulla lingua
e attivit. Potrai anche esercitare
la pronuncia con la sezione
Pronunciation e dialogare
con i tuoi amici inglesi
nella sezione Interaction.

Nelle pagine di Skills and Culture verrai a contatto con


aspetti della cultura inglese, affronterai argomenti di
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tipo interculturale e interdisciplinare e potrai sfruttare


le tue abilit linguistiche. Potrai anche arricchire il tuo
Portfolio linguistico con le proposte della sezione
My Dossier. Troverai anche alcune attivit contrassegnate
dal simbolo Exam che potranno aiutarti nella
preparazione degli esami e delle certicazioni,
e utili consigli (Writing Tip/Study Tip) su come studiare
o scrivere meglio in inglese.

2
Ogni due unit, la sezione Revision
ti permetter di valutare se hai
raggiunto i tuoi obiettivi.

New Sky 3 termina con lunit


Lets practise for exams! che
ti permetter di ripassare quello che
hai imparato durante il terzo anno.

Alla ne del tuo libro troverai i testi delle canzoni


e dei limerick e un glossario per aiutarti a reperi-
re facilmente i nuovi vocaboli.

Ma non nita:

Activity Book Culture and Skills Book


Alla ne dellActivity Book di New Sky 3 A questo si aggiunge anche il Culture and Skills
troverai unutile sezione di grammatica che Book, un volumetto che contiene fumetti da
copre il programma di tutto il triennio. leggere, giochi e pagine di cultura per scoprire
il mondo che parla inglese.
Pearson Italia spa

3
Unit Page Grammar Vocabulary Communication

Unit 17
17A Theyre making 8 Present simple e present continuous Luoghi in citt English in action: chiedere
a film. (revisione) e dare informazioni personali
Chiedere che cosa sta
accadendo
17B I like this one. 10 One/Ones Futuro con be going to Il denaro Parlare di intenzioni future
(revisione) Present continuous per Parlare di eventi futuri
eventi futuri programmati (revisione) programmati
English in action: shopping
17C What did you do? 12 Past simple dei verbi regolari Attivit per il Parlare di eventi avvenuti
e irregolari: tutte le forme tempo libero nel passato
17D Grammar 14
17E Skills and Culture 18 London

Unit 18
18A He couldnt speak. 20 Could/Couldnt (abilit): tutte le forme Verbi di azione Parlare di ci che sapevi
e non sapevi fare da piccolo
18B We were getting 22 Past continuous: tutte le forme Preposizioni di moto Parlare di quanto stava
bored. When e while accadendo in un determinato
momento nel passato
18C She used to 24 Used to: tutte le forme Strumenti musicali Confrontare passato
play the sax. e presente
18D Grammar 26
18E Skills and Culture 30 The solar system ( Science)

Revision units 17-18 32 8:;

Unit 19
19A It isnt warm enough. 34 Too e not enough Vestiti, modelli e stili Parlare di abbigliamento
English in action:
acquistare vestiti
19B A boy who becomes 36 Pronomi relativi (restrittivi): Generi cinematografici Parlare di cinema
a spy. who, which e where English in action:
acquistare biglietti per
il cinema
19C Theres something 38 Pronomi indefiniti Forme e materiali Fare domande per
here. indovinare personaggi
e oggetti
19D Grammar 40
19E Skills and Culture 44 Multicultural Britain

Unit 20
20A Have we scored yet? 46 Present perfect simple Verbi per attivit Parlare di eventi
Just, already e yet sportive appena successi
20B Ive never done that. 48 Present perfect simple Mezzi di trasporto Parlare di esperienze
con ever e never Viaggi passate English in
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action: acquistare un
biglietto per il treno
20C How long have 50 Present perfect simple Generi letterari Parlare di eventi passati
you been here? con for e since ancora in svolgimento
Parlare dei libri preferiti
20D Grammar 52
20E Skills and Culture 56 Across Australia by train ( Geography)

Revision units 19-20 58 8:;

4
Pronunciation, songs and extra activities Skills and strategies

Reading and listening: leggere e ascoltare descrizioni di Londra


Listening: ascoltare e identificare dove si trovano le persone
Dedicated Follower of Fashion
Speaking: parlare dei luoghi pi interessanti di Londra
by The Kinks
Writing: scrivere una cartolina in cui descrivi la tua vacanza a Londra My Dossier

Writing tip: Come iniziare e concludere una lettera o una cartolina


Limerick

/N/

Reading and listening: leggere e ascoltare un brano sul sistema solare e sulle
idee di diversi scienziati
Limerick Listening: ascoltare e completare un brano su un famoso astronomo
Speaking: fare domande su famosi scienziati e rispondere
Writing: strutturare in paragrafi un testo su uno scienziato

Study tip: La suddivisione in paragrafi


/U/ e /u/ My Dossier scrivere un brano su uno scienziato famoso

Reading and listening: leggere e ascoltare brani su famiglie di diverse etnie


Joke Listening: ascoltare un brano e scegliere la risposta corretta
Speaking: parlare di una comunit etnica diffusa in Italia
Writing: descrivere una comunit etnica in Italia

Did you know? Writing tip: I connettori: so, because


My Dossier preparare un sito Internet in cui si descrive una comunit etnica

/aI/

Reading and listening: leggere e ascoltare la descrizione di un viaggio


Have you ever? by S Club 7
Listening: ascoltare la descrizione di un viaggio e scegliere la risposta corretta
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Speaking: parlare di un lungo viaggio compiuto


Writing: descrivere un lungo viaggio immaginario

Study tip: Indovinare il significato delle parole


My Dossier scrivere un testo su un viaggio interessante

/eI/


Unit Page Grammar Vocabulary Communication
Unit 21
21A What will they 60 Will/Wont: futuro semplice Tecnologia Fare previsioni sul futuro
be like? per fare previsioni
21B Ill give you a hand. 62 Will/Wont per offerte, promesse e Mobili e arredamento Offrirsi di fare qualcosa
decisioni Will/Wont, be going to e English in action: offrirsi di
present continuous per esprimere fare qualcosa e rammentare
il futuro di fare qualcosa
21C Id rather be a 64 Would/Wouldnt: tutte le forme Professioni Parlare di ambizioni future
sports reporter. Would like to, would rather, would Parlare di lavori che ti
prefer to per esprimere preferenze piacerebbe fare
21D Grammar 66
21E Skills and Culture 70 TV in Britain

Unit 22
22A If something goes 72 Periodo ipotetico di tipo zero Aggettivi per descrivere Descrivere le persone
wrong, la personalit
22B If we put it under 74 Periodo ipotetico di primo tipo (if) Cibi e bevande Parlare di situazioni usando
the grill Verbi per cucinare il periodo ipotetico
22C It may jump out! 76 Periodo ipotetico con when May Phrasal verbs Parlare di situazioni usando
per fare previsioni when e will English in
action: chiedere il permesso
22D Grammar 78
22E Skills and Culture 82 Computers ( Computer Studies, Science)
Revision units 21-22 84 8:;

Unit 23
23A We have to pay 86 Must/Mustnt, have to/dont have to Luoghi in cui si Parlare di regole
per esprimere dovere e proibizione pratica sport
23B You shouldnt 88 Should/Shouldnt per dare consigli Malattie comuni Parlare di malattie Dare consigli
wear English in action: dal medico
23C What would you do? 90 Periodo ipotetico di secondo tipo Aggettivi seguiti Parlare di situazioni
Would e might da preposizioni immaginarie
23D Grammar 92
23E Skills and Culture 96 Legal ages

Unit 24
24A Is it really made 98 Forma passiva (presente): Materiali Parlare dei materiali con
of ice? tutte le forme cui sono fatti gli oggetti
24B Flames were seen 100 Forma passiva (passato): Termini geografici Parlare di localit
for miles. tutte le forme geografiche
24C She says its too late. 102 Discorso indiretto al presente Domande Riferire affermazioni, domande
indirette con if e interrogativi (Wh-) English in action: congedarsi
24D Grammar 104
24E Skills and Culture 108 The future of our Earth ( Science, Social Studies)
Revision units 23-24 110 8:;

Lets practise for exams


A Past experiences 112 Past simple e past continuous Used to Infanzia Parlare di esperienze
Gite scolastiche passate
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B Experiences 114 Present perfect con just, never e yet Viaggi Descrivere esperienze
For e since di viaggio
C Our future lives 116 Futuro: will, be going to, present Ecologia Parlare del futuro
continuous Would like, would prefer to,
would rather
D The world we live in 118 Forma passiva Comparativi e Eventi atmosferici Descrivere un fenomeno
superlativi -ing form Should/ naturale Dare consigli
Shouldnt
Songs and raps 120 Word list 123 Table of irregular verbs 127

6
Pronunciation, songs and extra activities Skills and strategies

Leaving on a Jet Plane Reading and listening: leggere e ascoltare alcune opinioni sulla TV
by John Denver Listening: ascoltare e rispondere a domande di un questionario
Speaking: parlare della TV e dei programmi televisivi preferiti
Writing: descrivere i programmi televisivi preferiti My Dossier
Limerick
Writing tip: I connettori: too, also, as well as

Elision /t/ + /t/, /g/ e /f/

Reading and listening: leggere e ascoltare alcune opinioni sul computer


Limerick Listening: ascoltare una spiegazione e completare le istruzioni
Speaking: discutere lutilit dei computer
Joke Writing: descrivere come varie persone usano il computer per lavoro My Dossier

Study tip: Come migliorare lespressione orale


/OI/

Did you know? Reading and listening: leggere e ascoltare un testo sulle et legali in UK
Listening: ascoltare e rispondere a domande
Speaking: parlare delle et legali in Italia
Writing: descrivere quello che si pu fare in Italia a partire da una certa et
Sweet Dreams My L.A. Ex
by Rachel Stevens Writing tip: Verificare il proprio lavoro
/aU/ My Dossier scrivere un brano sulle et legali in Italia

Reading and listening: leggere, ascoltare e rispondere a un questionario sullecologia


Listening: ascoltare un brano su una catastrofe ambientale e rispondere a domande
Did you know?
Speaking: parlare di quello che si pu fare per preservare lambiente
Writing: scrivere un brano su un disastro ambientale My Dossier

Study tip: Come migliorare lascolto


Elision /d/ + /b/

Questionnaire: leggere un testo e rispondere a domande Oral description: descrivere delle fotografie
Open dialogue: fare e rispondere a domande a coppie Paragraph writing: scrivere un paragrafo sulla propria infanzia
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Letter writing: scrivere una lettera a un amico in cui descrivi la tua gita scolastica a Londra
Questionnaire: leggere un testo e rispondere a domande Oral presentation: parlare delle proprie esperienze di viaggio
Guided dialogue: costruire un dialogo tra studenti Writing a postcard: scrivere una cartolina in cui descrivi una famosa citt italiana
Questionnaire: leggere un testo e rispondere a domande Oral presentation: parlare della vita nel futuro
Guided dialogue: fare una conversazione telefonica Paragraph writing: scrivere un paragrafo sulla propria vita futura

Matching: abbinare titoli e paragrafi Questionnaire: leggere un testo e rispondere a domande Oral presentation: parlare
dei problemi ambientali della propria citt Guided dialogue: completare unintervista Sentence writing: scrivere delle frasi
in cui si danno dei consigli Paragraph writing: scrivere un paragrafo in cui descrivi cosa fa la tua famiglia per lambiente


U
N

17A Theyre making a lm.


I
T
17

7
1 02 Listen and read 2 Check
Jake and Rose Spencer are in London for the Correct the sentences.
day. They meet an Australian boy and girl,
1 Ollie and Jess are English. Australian
Ollie Ford and his sister, Jess.
2 Theyre from Sydney.
Jake: Hey look! Theres a boy and a girl at 3 Ollie has got a London accent.
the top of that building! 4 His dad works for a lm company.
Ollie: Whats happening? 5 Jake and Rose live in West London.
Jake: Theyre making a lm an Alex Rider 6 Jess asks Alex Pettyfer for his autograph.
lm. I read about it in the paper.
Ollie: Oh, right. A spy lm! Cool!
Rose: I like your accent. Are you Australian?
Ollie: Yes, were from Melbourne. But were Everyday phrases
living in London right now, near the Look!
City Airport. Whats happening?
Jess: Dad works for an airline company. Oh, right.
Where do you live? Quick!
Rose: We live in East London too. Excuse me!
Ollie: Great! Look! Theres Alex Pettyfer. He
plays Alex Rider in the lm.
Rose: Quick! Hes leaving. Excuse me, Alex!
Can I have your autograph, please?

7
03 Now listen and repeat.
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8
17A
7
4 04 Listen
Look at Grammar

Re
m
The new friends continue talking. Listen and

em
The present complete the information about Ollie Ford.

be
Remember and complete.

r!
Present simple Name: Ollie
.. Ford
Australian
Nationality: ...
Positive Negative
live in East London. I/We live in Manchester.
I/We . Age: ............
He/She in Melbourne. He/She live in Sydney. School: ...........
Home town: ............
Questions Favourite sport: ..........
Where you live? Check out the Favourite food: ..............
Where your dad work? Grammar on
page 14
Present continuous
Positive Negative 5 English in action
Im/Theyre making
. I /They ... making Personal information
a lm. a TV programme.
He/She talking He/She talking You meet an Australian student. Act the
to a lm star. to me. conversation, using the prompts.

Questions What/your name? Whats your name?


What he doing? Where/come from?
Where you living right now? What/doing here?
Where/staying?
Where/go to school?
3 Read and write What sports/play?
Want/have a hamburger?
Read and complete the magazine article.

6 Memory check Places in town


Say which two places these people want to
Keira Knightley is a British lm star. Shes from go to.
West London. Her mum and her dad are both actors.
She is famous for her parts in Hollywood lms like 1 I want to park my car, then catch a train.
Pirates of the Caribbean and British lms like Bend a car park + the station
it like Beckham and Atonement. 2 We want to have dinner, then go dancing.
3 I want to have a coffee, then buy a new CD.
Keira 1.......... (work) very hard
- she usually 2.......... (make) 4 We want to change some money, then buy
three or four lms a year. But food.
right now she 3.......... (have) 5 I want to buy a book, then buy some
a holiday. She 4.......... (live) in stamps.
her own house in Central London 6 We want to catch a bus, then see a lm.
for a month.
Keira 5.......... (love) football 7 Write
and when shes in England
she often 6.......... (go) to Write a newspaper article about a famous
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watch her favourite team, lm or pop star from your country. Use
West Ham. Its great in these questions to help you.
London. Its my home. I just
What is he/she famous for?
7
.......... (go) to Los Angeles
to work. What about the Is he/she married?
future? I 8.......... (not Where does he/she live?
know). Im young. I never What is he/she doing at the moment?
9
.......... (think) about the What does he/she do in his/her free time?
future. I 10.......... (enjoy)
my life at the moment.
9
17B I like this one.
7
1 05 Listen and read
Mum: Were going to buy a new cycle helmet Jake: The black ones.
for Rose. Rose: Dont be silly, Jake! Youve got three pairs
Dad: All right. Lets meet at four oclock. of trainers already.
Dont be late. Mum: Hurry up, you two! Were meeting Dad
Mum: OK. See you! at four.
Rose: Jake, I like this one. Rose: Excuse me, how much is this helmet?
Jake: Which one? Man: Its 14.99.
Rose: The red one with the black stripes on it. Look. Rose: OK. Can I have it, please?
Ranu: What about that one? Man: Sure. Here you are. And heres your change!
Rose: Yes, thats nice too. Rose: Thanks! What am I going to buy with 1p?
Jake: Hang on, Ranu! Look at those trainers!
7
Ranu: Which ones? 06 Now listen and repeat.

Everyday phrases
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All right.
Dont be late.
Hang on!
Dont be silly.
Hurry up [you two].
How much [is this helmet]?
Sure.

10
17
6BB
2 Check
Look at Grammar

Re
m
Right (), wrong () or dont know (DK)?

em
The future

be
1 Rose wants a new cycle helmet.
Remember and complete.

r!
2 She wants a black helmet with red stripes.
3 Ranu sees a nice helmet. Going to for plans and intentions
4 Jake is looking at trainers. Positive Negative
5 Roses got two pairs of trainers. going to
Im buy a helmet. Im to buy trainers.
6 Roses mum buys the helmet for her. Questions
What you buy?
7
3 07 Memory check Money Present continuous for future
Say these prices. Then listen and check. arrangements
Positive Negative
a) 99p b) 50p c) 1 d) 3 e) 5.50 f) 37.95 meeting Dad
Im . Im Dad at four oclock.
at half past three.
Look at Grammar Questions
Which one(s) (do you like)? When you meeting Dad?
(I like) the blue one(s).
the big one(s). 5 Speak
the one with the red stripes on it.
the one(s) with black stripes. a) Talk about your plans and intentions.
1 A: What are you going to do this evening?
B: Im going to watch the football match on TV.
4 English in action Shopping
1 What/do/this evening?
a) Look at the pictures. Complete the 2 Where/go/next Saturday?
conversation with one/ones and the price. 3 What/do/next month?
A: Excuse me. How much are the sunglasses? b) Talk about your future arrangements.
B: Which ?
1 A: Who are you meeting after school today?
A: The green .
B: Im meeting my friend Mariella.
B: Theyre .
A: OK. Can I have them, 1 Who/meet/after school today?
please? 2 Where/go/tomorrow?
B: Sure, here you are. 3 What/do/at the weekend?
A: Thanks.
7
b) One of you is a customer, the other is a shop 6 08 Listen
assistant. Look at the pictures and buy the things. Listen to Rose talking to her friend Lisa.
2 Complete the sentences.
1
1 going to do her homework after school.
Lisas .
2 Then .......... a lm on TV.
3 Roses new Australian friends .... to her house.
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4 They .......... at six oclock.


4 5 Then they ......... a computer game.
6 Lisa ......... her History project before she goes
3 to Roses house.

7
7 09 Song: Dedicated Follower of
Fashion by The Kinks
Go to page 120 and listen and join in the song.

11
17C What did you do?
Sam

Weekend

Hi Sam!
What did you
gr ea t we ek en d. How was yours?
We ha d a ntre. It was
nt to th e Bl uewater Shopping Ce
do? We we lie and Jess.
to ok ou r ne w Australian friends, Ol
fun. We ay, I went to
ab ou t tw o weeks ago. Anyw
We m et th em e I bought the
es sh op an d I made a big mistak
the ga m . I started to
Xb ox ga m e wi th my birthday money
lates t bbish. Ollie
wh en I ar riv ed home and it was ru
play it we went
m ob ile in th e ga mes shop and when
left his lucky.
we found it! He was
back to look for it,
ed when
Guess what happen
Oh, I nearly forgot. Pettyfer,
d Jess? We saw Alex
we rst met Ollie an and talked
mbreaker! He came
the actor from Stor e didnt
his autograph but sh
to Rose. She wanted s OK and
book. He said That
have her autograph wa s nice
oto. I thought that
gave her a signed ph es ! on her
ote Stormbreaker liv
of him. Then he wr nt wa sh
photo of it. Rose did
arm. Mum took this
for a week!
on.
Please write back so
Cheers,
Jake
s great.
uch for the CD! It wa
P.S. Thanks very m

7 Everyday phrases
1 10 Read and listen
It was fun/rubbish.
Jake is writing an email to his friend Sam. Read the email.
I nearly forgot.
7 Guess what [happened]
11 Now listen and repeat the second paragraph.
Please write back soon.
Thanks very much for [the CD].
2 Check
Who do you think said this? Complete the chart.
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Alex Ollie Rose Jake Mum


1 Ive got a new game but its rubbish.
2 Oh, no! Wheres my mobile phone?
3 Can I have your autograph, please?
4 Yes, sure, but wheres your autograph book?
5 Im going to take a photo of your arm.
6 Im not going to wash for a week!

12
17C

Look at Grammar

Re
m
em
Past simple

be
Remember and complete.

r!
Positive Negative Questions
Alex talked
. to Rose yesterday. He talk to me. Where they see him?
We to Alex yesterday. We talk to him.
Note! a few days ago a week ago two months ago

7
3 12 Write and listen 5 Speak
a) Find the past simple forms of these verbs in Ask and answer questions about Jakes email.
Jakes email. Then write them in the correct
1 A: Where did Jake and Rose go at the weekend?
column.
B: They went to a shopping centre.
do have be go take meet make 1 Where/Jake and Rose/go at the weekend?
buy start arrive leave nd forget They/to a shopping centre.
happen see come talk want say 2 Who/they/take? They/Ollie and Jess.
give think write 3 What/Jake/buy? He/a computer game.
4 What/Ollie/leave in the shop? He/his mobile.
Regular verbs Irregular verbs
5 Which actor/they see? They/Alex Pettyfer.
.. started
start ...... do
did
.
6 What/he/give Rose? He/a photo.
b) Now listen and repeat.
6 Memory check Free time
4 Read and write List free time activities.
Complete the article with the past simple
At home In town Sports
of the verbs in brackets.
listen to music
.. go shopping
.. play basketball

Cash surprise 7 Speak


1 happened
A funny thing . to 16-year-old
a) Ask your friends what they did in their free
student Lucy Sanders last Monday. She
time. Ask about the times in the box.
2
(want) 10 so she 3 (go) to the cash
machine at her bank. She 4 (take) 10 from yesterday evening on Friday night
the machine and 5 (start) to walk away. last weekend a month ago last summer
Then the machine 6 (give) her another 10,
and then another and then A: What did you do yesterday evening?
another. Ten minutes later she B: I went swimming.
7
(have) 1000! So what b) Tell the class.
did Lucy do? She went into
Antonio watched a DVD yesterday evening. Anna .
the bank, 8 (talk) to the
manager and gave him the
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1000. He 9 (be) very 8 Write


surprised. Lucy was very Write an email to a friend. Tell him/her about
honest, he 10 (say) something funny or strange that happened
yesterday. One of to you. Use Jakes email on page 12 to help you.
Lucys friends said
she was crazy 7
but everyone
9 13 Limerick
else said she 11 Go to page 122 and listen and complete the
(do) the right limerick.
thing!
13
17d Grammar

Present simple/Present continuous 1 Leggi le frasi e scrivi se i verbi sono al


present simple (PS) o present continuous
Revision
(PC) precisandone luso.
We from Japan, 1 My cousins live in Australia.
but we in Rome PS: situazione stabile
right now. Our dad
2 Were staying in a lovely hotel.
for a computer
company and he in
the Rome office now. 3 My mum teaches English.

4 The Queen lives in Buckingham Palace.


Completa lesempio con i verbi live, come
e work al present simple o continuous.
5 Im doing English exercises at the moment.
Completa le tabelle usando il verbo live.
6 Kangaroos dont eat meat.
Present simple
Forma affermativa
I/We/You/They
2 Completa lemail con il present simple o
He/She/It present continuous dei verbi tra parentesi.
Forma negativa
I/We/You/They
He/She/It Dear Mum and Dad,
Forma interrogativa I 1 am writing (write) this in English.
I/we/you/they ? 2
(you/understand) it?
he/she/it ? I 3
(have) a great time in Ireland!
Si usa per parlare di: azioni abituali, dati di fatto, Dont worry, I 4
(work) very hard
situazioni stabili. and I 5
(learn) a lot of English!
I 6
(play) football every day and
Present continuous I 7
(go) to the beach nearly every day
Forma affermativa it depends on the weather!
I The family I 8
(stay) with is really

He/She/It friendly. Both Moira and Sean 9


(play)
tennis and they 10
(teach) me.
We/You/They
Their mum 11
(help) me with my
Forma negativa
English homework shes very patient!
I
Shes a language teacher but she 12
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He/She/It
(not/teach) English, she 13
(teach) Irish!
We/You/They All the family 14
(speak) Irish but
Forma interrogativa
I 15
(not/understand) a word!
I ? Their dad 16
(work) for a computer
he/she/it ? company in Dublin, but this week hes on holiday
we/you/they ? and he 17
(work) in the garden.
Si usa per parlare di: azioni in corso di svolgimento, Bye, its time for dinner!
situazioni temporanee. Love, Mattia

14
17d
Be going to/Present continuous 4 Osserva lagenda di Connie Fisher per la
prossima settimana e completa il testo
Revision
con i suoi programmi.

Monday arrive New York + visit NY


Were having
Tuesday go shopping
a Halloween party
on Saturday! Wednesday sing on TV show
Im going to organise
Thursday meet musical director
the music. Im going + watch musical
to be a ghost! Friday fly to
Hollywood

Leggi lesempio. Sottolinea i verbi che


esprimono unintenzione e cerchia il verbo che
parla di un avvenimento programmato.
On Monday Connie 1 in the
Completa le tabelle usando il verbo see. USA and in the afternoon she 2
New York city.
Be going to
She loves fashion, so she 3
Forma affermativa
on Tuesday all day! On Wednesday she
I
4
on a TV show and on
He/She/It
Thursday morning Connie 5
We/You/They
Forma negativa the director of a musical. In the afternoon,
I she 6 the musical in a
He/She/It theatre on Broadway.
We/You/They On Friday, she 7 to Hollywood.
Forma interrogativa
I ? 5 Completa le frasi con la forma corretta per
esprimere il futuro.
he/she/it ?
we/you/they ? 1 We re meeting (meet) our friends at the
Si usa per parlare di: intenzioni future. bus stop at 3 oclock.
2 (Alex and
Present continuous for future Peter/watch) the football match with you?
I 3 Ben (ask)
He/She/It Daisy on Tuesday
Sophie to go to the cinema with him!
afternoon.
We/You/They 4 Im so excited! I
Si usa per parlare di: programmi per il futuro (go) to a concert on Saturday.
(spesso si precisano la data, il giorno o lora).
5 We (have)
a party on the last day of school.
3 Leggi le frasi e scrivi se esprimono We (invite)
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unintenzione (I) o un programma futuro (P). all the class!


1 Today Im going out with my parents. I 6 What time
2 What are you going to do at the end (you/see) Julia tomorrow?
of the school? 7 Tanya (be)
3 They are having a Maths test tomorrow. a vet when shes older.
4 My dad is leaving for Madrid on Sunday. 8 We (have)
5 We are going to buy a present for her. a barbecue on Sunday with our friends.

15
17d

Which one/ones? Past simple


Revision
I a TV
advert when
I 6.
I acting
when I
at primary
Here are your
school.
T-shirts. Which
Here are the socks. do you
Which are yours? want to take?
Completa quello che dice Alex Pettyfer
Completa le domande con one o ones. usando il past simple di make, be e start.
Poi osserva la tabella e controlla.
Inglese Italiano Completa le tabelle usando i verbi start
one (quello/a) (regolare) e go (irregolare).
ones (quelli/e) Past simple - verbi regolari
Which one? Quale? Forma affermativa
Which ones? Quali? I/He/She/It
school last week.
We/You/They
Forma negativa
Si usano one/ones per evitare di ripetere un I/He/She/It
school yesterday.
sostantivo. We/You/They
Ive got two caps. A black one and a red one. Forma interrogativa
Ho due cappellini. Uno nero e uno rosso.
I/he/she/it
I like those jeans. Which ones? The blue ones. school yesterday?
we/you/they
Mi piacciono quei jeans. Quali? Quelli blu.
Si usa il past simple per parlare di: situazioni
One e ones sono anche usati per evitare una e azioni che si sono svolte in momenti precisi
ripetizione dopo un aggettivo. nel passato.
Ive got three bags. A big one and two small ones.
Ho tre borse. Una grande e due piccole.
Past simple - verbi irregolari
Forma affermativa
6 Sottolinea le parole che possono essere
I/He/She/It
sostituite con one/ones. Poi riscrivi le frasi. on holiday in July.
We/You/They
1 Which jacket do you prefer? The blue jacket Forma negativa
or the black jacket? I/He/She/It
The blue one or the black one? on holiday in June.
We/You/They
2 Is your bike new? No, its an old bike.
Forma interrogativa
I/he/she/it
3 A: Hollys wearing trainers. B: Which trainers? on holiday in July?
we/you/they
A: Theyre her new trainers.
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7 Scrivi il past simple dei verbi.


4 Which boots do you want? The cool boots!
1 have 7 take
5 Is that a new cap? No, its an old cap. 2 come 8 see
3 meet 9 buy
6 Here are my two cats. This cat is the mother. 4 make 10 find
This cat is her son. 5 leave 11 happen
6 forget 12 say

16
17d
8 Completa lintervista ad Alex con il past
simple dei verbi tra parentesi.
Rep.: Hi, Alex. When and where 1
(be/you) born?
Alex: I 2 (be/born) near London
on 10th April 1990.
Rep.: You 3 (start) work very
young. How old 4
(be/you)?
Alex: Well, I 5
(make) a TV advert Alex: In 2005. We 15 (film)
for yoghurt when I 6
(be) 6. most of it on the Isle of Man.
I 7
(not understand) Rep.: 16
(you/enjoy)
that it was work because I was so young. making the film?
It was like a game for me. Then, when Alex: I 17 (love) it.
I was 7, I 8 (start) work as They 18
(want) me to act
a model for kids clothes. I 9 in the film Eragon, but I 19
(stop) modelling when I 10 (not accept) the part because they
(begin) filming Stormbreaker. 20
(make) the film in the
Rep.: So, when 11 (you/start) acting? Czech Republic and Im scared of flying!
Alex: When I was at primary school, I 12 Rep.: What 21
(act) in a few theatre productions, including (your school-friends/think) about your
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. role in Stormbreaker?
I 13 (love) doing that! It was Alex: I 22 (not tell) them! They
great fun. 23
(be) surprised when
Rep.: When 14 (you/film) they 24
(see) the film!
Stormbreaker? Rep.: Thanks Alex and good luck with your
next film!

7 7
9 14 Pronunciation 10 15 Interaction
/N/ a) Incontrate un/a ragazzo/a per la prima volta.
Ascolta e ripeti. A coppie, scrivete e recitate il dialogo usando i suggerimenti.
A: Where do you live? B: We live in ...
Cycling, playing,
running, walking. Student A Student B
Were having fun.
Ask where Student B lives.
And we never stop talking! Say where you live.
Ask what Student B does in his/her free time.
Say what you do in your free time.
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Ask what Student B did last summer.


Say what you did.
Ask Student B what he/she wants to do on Saturday.
Say what youre doing on Saturday morning.
Say youre free in the afternoon.

b) Ora ascoltate il dialogo di Jake e Ollie e paragonatelo al vostro.

17
17e
Skills and Culture

London
7
1 16 Listen and read

A tr ip on the There are interesting things

River Thames
to see on both sides of the
river and around every bend.

1 3
Parliament. They
There are the Houses of King William I built the
Tower of
ve kilometres of
have 1,100 rooms and fi wh ich
2 London in 1078. It was
a palace
also Big Be n,
corridors! Theres and a prison. Now its
a museum.
ous clock but the Then theres the London Eye.
isnt the name of the fam Its 135 metres high and the views
bell inside the tower. from the top are fantastic.
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5
At Greenwich ther
4 e are famous old
ground which mar ships and a line on
ks 0 longitude. Th the
with one foot in th ere you can stand
Tower Bridge looks old but its one of Londons newest e eastern hemisph
ere and the other
the western hem
bridges. They finished it in 1894. When the bottom part isphere. in
of the bridge goes up, you can still walk across the top.

18
17e
2 Check Exam
London: Dont look at the texts again. Match the questions and answers,
Amazing facts and figures then look at the texts and check your answers.
1 g)
1 How many rooms are there in the Houses of Parliament? a) 150 million
About 8 million people live
2 How high is the London Eye? b) 8 million
in London. 30% were not
3 When did they build the Tower of London? c) 135 metres
born in the UK.
4 How many people live in London? d) 27 million
The British Library has over 5 How many books has the British Library got? e) 1,100
150 million books. 6 How many bridges over the Thames are there in London? f) 33
7 How many people visit London every year? g) 1078
There are 24 universities
and colleges in London with 7
350,000 students. 3 17 Listen Exam
Listen and say where the people are.
There are 33 bridges over
the River Thames and 4 1 Theyre at Tower Bridge. 2 3 4
tunnels under it.

Big Ben is the biggest clock


4 Speak Exam
in the UK. Its diameter is Choose three facts about London which you think are the most
7.5 metres. The hour hand interesting. In groups discuss your answers and agree the three
is 2.7 metres long. most interesting things about London.

46,500 people run in the A: I think the most interesting fact is there are so many parks in
London Marathon every year. London. 30% of the area of London! Thats amazing.
B: I dont think thats very interesting. Whats so special about parks?
27 million people visit
In my opinion the fact that there are 275 stations on the London
London every year. Its
Underground is far more interesting.
the worlds most popular
tourist destination.
Writing tip
How to start a letter How to end a letter
or postcard or postcard
Vocabulary Hi, everyone! I must go. Give my regards/
side bend bell tower Dear love to Say hi to .
palace prison mark (v) Im/were having a time in See you soon/next week.
eastern hemisphere
western instead 5 Write
tunnel diameter Write a postcard to a friend. Answer the questions as you write.
marathon destination
Are you enjoying your holiday? What did you do or see yesterday?
When did you arrive? What are you going to see tomorrow?
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A holiday postcard
Hi Tom!
Im enjoying my holiday in London.
I

19
18a He couldnt speak.
The wild boy
In 1797, in southern France, some hunters When he was about fourteen, he
found a strange boy in the woods. He was met Doctor Gaspard Itard. The
about nine and was completely wild. They doctor wanted to study the wild
took him back to the village and he boy and tried to teach him to
lived with a local woman. While speak. After some years, Victor
he was with her, he escaped twice could understand quite a lot
and ran back to the woods. In of French. He could also read
June 1800, he finally came out simple words but he couldnt
of the woods himself. say more than two words.
One of them was lait (milk).
Nobody could find out anything
about the boy because he Victor died in Paris in
couldnt speak or understand 1828 at the age of forty.
French. They called him Victor. In 1970, the French film
Victor ate strange food: he didnt director Franois Truffaut
eat fruit or vegetables, he ate leaves made a famous film about Victors
and plants. Of course, he could life called LEnfant Sauvage (The
climb trees easily and was happiest Wild Boy).
in the woods.

7
1 18 Read and listen
Read the article. Look at Grammar
7 Modal: could/couldnt (ability)
19 Then listen and repeat the rst two paragraphs. Positive
He could climb trees.
2 Check They could speak French.
Match the two parts of the sentences. Negative
He couldnt speak.
1 In 1797 some hunters a) strange food.
They couldnt teach him French.
2 He was b) at the age of 40.
3 He ate c) him some French. Questions
4 Doctor Itard taught d) found a strange boy. What could he say?
5 Victor died e) completely wild. Yes/No questions and short answers
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Could he say many words?


7
3 20 Memory check Verbs of action Yes, he could./No, he couldnt.
Find twelve verbs of action in the wordsnake. Then Think about language
listen and check. Is could the same or different with I, you,
write he, she, it, we and they?
1 talk at
alk

ridetell
eboards
sk
ta

w
int
im
l kr

a
w

ellplayp
ea

d u s e
s

20
18a
4 Speak
Ask a friend about the things he/she could or
couldnt do when he/she was ve. Use the verbs
in Exercise 3. Tell the class.
A: Could you ride a bike when you were ve?
B: No, I couldnt.
A: Could you swim?
B: Yes, I could.

Writing tip
Linkers: when and after
When you are writing about the past, you can
link ideas with when and after.
When they found him, he couldnt speak
a word.
After some years, he could understand quite
a lot.
Find another sentence with when in the text
in Exercise 1.

5 Write
Use the information below to write about a very
clever boy, Toby Harcourt.
Could = Couldnt =

Age
7
1 walk talk 6 21 Listen and check
2 climb the stairs run Complete the conversation with could or
3 read write his name couldnt and the verbs. Then listen and check.
4 use a computer swim Miki: Can I talk to you?
5 ride a bike tell the time Ania: Yes, of course.
Miki: For me English is very difcult. How much
could you speak (you/speak) when
English 1.
you rst came to this school?
Ania: I 2....... (read) a bit of English a short story
in a newspaper for example. And I 3............
(say) Hello and Thanks. But I 4..................
(speak) English very well.
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Miki: What was your biggest problem?


Ania: I 5... (understand) when people spoke to me.
They spoke so fast! Of course, I 6.... (answer)
simple questions like Whats your name?.
But I 7....... (answer) more difcult questions
ld walk
When he was only one, Toby cou because I 8............ (understand) them. Some
s two, he
but he couldnt talk. When he wa people in London have very strange accents!
could run.
couldnt climb the stairs but he Miki: I agree!

21
18b We were getting bored.
7 7
1 22 Vocabulary 2 23 Read and listen
Prepositions of motion Read the article about a forest re.
Listen and repeat. Then match
the prepositions and pictures.

into past through


across over out of
around along under

1 across

1 2

3 4
British teens in dramatic re escape
Matt Duncan reports from Toulon
Four young British teenagers were over the hills behind their campsite.
celebrating in the south of France last It was a really big re! said Kylie.
night after they helped their friends to It was coming across the forests and
escape from a forest re. We didnt do the elds and it was moving in the
5 6 very much really, said Kylie Roberts, direction of our campsite!
13, from Portsmouth. We were just Fortunately for her friends and all
lucky. the campers, Kylie had her mobile
Kylie and her friends were on phone with her. She called the campsite
a school trip at a campsite near a and gave the alarm. The campers all
seaside town. While they were staying managed to get out of the camp before
7 8 there, the weather got hotter and the re arrived. French re ghters
hotter. then used planes and helicopters
It was very hot and we were getting to drop water and sand on the re.
a bit bored, said Kylie, so we decided Eventually the re went out.
to get up really early, when it was still When I phoned home, my mum
cool, and go for a bike ride. was watching TV and we were on the
9 The four friends were cycling evening news so we were famous for
along a road through some woods ve minutes! said Kylie.
when suddenly they saw black smoke
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7
24 Now listen and repeat the rst and second paragraphs of the article.

3 Check
Number the events in the correct order.
a) Kylie phoned the campsite. d) Kylie phoned her mother.
b) Kylie and her friends went for a bike ride. 1 e) The campers left the campsite.
c) The re went out. f) Kylie and her friends saw black smoke.

22
18b
4 Write 5 Speak
Write where the man went in pictures 1-9. Use In pairs, ask and say what you were doing at
the words in the box. these times.

bridge (x2) river (x3) cottage wood A: What were you doing at 6 oclock this morning?
eld house B: I was sleeping.

6 oclock this morning


First he went through a wood. Then he went
8.30 this morning
past a house. After that he went
3 oclock yesterday afternoon
7 oclock yesterday evening
1 2 3 3 oclock last Saturday afternoon
9 oclock last Sunday morning

6 Speak
4 5 6 In pairs, ask and say what the people at the
campsite were doing when they heard the alarm.
A: What was Peter doing?
B: He was sleeping.
7 8 9
1 2

Look at Grammar Peter Mr and Mrs White

Past continuous 3 4
Positive
I/He/She was staying on a campsite.
You/We/They were cycling along a road.
Negative
Serge Paolo and Roberto
I/He/She wasnt staying in a hotel.
You/We/They werent walking along a road. 5 6
Questions
What were they doing?
Yes/No questions and short answers
Were they walking?
Tony Nicole
Yes, they were./No, they werent.
With when and while 7 Write
She was watching TV when Kylie phoned.
Write what the people were doing. Make two
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While she was watching TV, Kylie phoned.


sentences using when and while.
Think about language
a) Peter was sleeping when he heard the alarm.
When or while?
b) While Peter was sleeping, he heard the alarm.
We use when/while before the past simple.
We use when/while before the past continuous. 7
8 25 Limerick
Go to page 122 and listen and complete the
limerick.

23
18c She used to play the sax.
7
1 26 Listen and read 2 Check
Jake and Rose are visiting Ollie and Jess. Right (), wrong () or dont know (DK)?
Ollie: Do you want to see my saxophone? Here it is. 1 Ollie plays in an orchestra.
Jake: Wow! Can you play it? Are you any good? 2 Jakes mum played the saxophone.
Ollie: Im not bad. Im in the school orchestra. 3 She plays it now.
Jake: My mum used to play the sax. 4 Jess is good at singing.
Ollie: Cool. Did she use to play a lot? 5 Jess holds the mike.
Jake: Not really. But she was quite good, I think. 6 The boys sing with the girls.
Ollie: Does she still play?
7
Jake: No, not any more. 3 28 Vocabulary
Jess: Come on, Rose. Lets do some karaoke. Theres a
good James Blunt song here. Musical instruments
Rose: Oh no. Im hopeless at singing. a) Listen and repeat. Then match. Which
Jess: I didnt use to be any good when I rst did four instruments are not in the pictures?
karaoke. So dont worry!
piano recorder saxophone
Rose: OK, but you hold the mike.
trumpet drums violin keyboards
Jess: Right. Here goes. Youre beautiful ...
electric guitar acoustic guitar ute
Ollie: Jess, must you? You sound like a sick goat.
trombone harmonica accordion
Rose: Ollie, dont be so mean to your sister!
1 electric guitar
7
27 Now listen and repeat. 3 4
1 2
Everyday phrases
Not really. [Im] hopeless.
not any more. Here goes. 7
Come on, [Rose]. [Jess], must you? 5 6
You sound like [a sick goat].
[Ollie], dont be so mean [to your sister].

8 9

b) Name four instruments used in an


orchestra and four in a rock band.
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24
18c
7
4 29 Listen 6 Speak
Listen and write the instrument each member Talk about your own appearance and habits.
of the band plays.
I used to have blonde curly hair but Ive got
1 Carl: the violin 2 Tom: 3 Ned:
straight brown hair now.
4 Cassie: 5 Diana:
7 Read
Look at Grammar Read about Jakes grandad, Harry, who used to
Modal: used to be a professional footballer.


Positive This is a photo of me forty
She used to play the sax. years ago. I used to play for
Negative a team called Bristol City.
She didnt use to play a lot.
In those days footballers
didnt use to earn much
Questions money. I didnt have my
What instrument did you use to play? own house. I used to live
with my parents. And I used
Yes/No questions
to drive a small family car,
Did he use to play the drums? not an expensive sports car.
Yes, he did./No, he didnt. What sort of clothes did I use
to wear? I cant really
remember, but I think I used
5 Speak to wear ordinary clothes, not
expensive designer clothes
a) Work in pairs. A is an American like footballers do today.
TV reporter, B is David and But I enjoyed it. People used to ask for my autograph.
Victoria Beckhams son, Brooklyn. I was famous! I remember I used to have very long hair


1 A: Which teams did your dad it was the fashion in those days.
use to play for?
B: He used to play for 8 Check
Manchester United and
Real Madrid. Complete the questions and then answer them.

1 A: Which teams/your dad/play for? 1 What/Harry/use to/be?


B: he/Manchester United and Real Madrid What did Harry use to be? He used to be a
2 A: Which team/he/play for now? professional footballer.
B: he/play/LA Galaxy 2 Which team/use to/play for?
3 A: What/your mum/be? 3 He/use to/earn much money?
B: she/pop singer 4 Where/he/use to/live?
4 A: What/do/now? 5 What kind of car/use to/drive?
B: she/design/clothes 6 What/people/use to/ask him for?
5 A: Where/you/live?
B: We/London and Madrid 9 Write
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6 A: Where/you/live now? Write an email to an English friend about


B: We/Los Angeles one of your parents or grandparents
b) Talk about David or Victoria Beckhams life when they were at school. Write about:
before and now. what he/she used to do
David Beckham used to play for Manchester where he/she used to live
United but now he . the clothes he/she used to wear
Victoria Beckham used to be a pop singer but who he/she used to live with
now she . how much pocket money he/she used to earn

25
18d Grammar

Could: past ability Past continuous


He saw a shark
I play golf while he was
when I was 8. swimming!

Completa la frase con il passato del


verbo can. Poi osserva la tabella. Leggi lesempio. Quale delle due azioni
inizia prima? Quale interrompe laltra?
Forma affermativa
Osserva la tabella e controlla.
Soggetto + could + forma base del verbo
I/He/She/It/We/You/They could play golf. Forma affermativa
Soggetto + was/were + forma in -ing del verbo
Forma negativa
Soggetto + couldnt + forma base del verbo I/He/She/It was
swimming.
I/He/She/It/We/You/They couldnt play golf. We/You/They were
Forma interrogativa Forma negativa
Could + soggetto + forma base del verbo? Soggetto + was/were + not + forma in -ing del verbo
Could I/he/she/it/we/you/they play golf? I/He/She/It wasnt
swimming.
Risposte brevi We/You/They werent
Yes/No + soggetto + could/couldnt Forma interrogativa
Yes, I/he/she/it/we/you/they could. Was/Were + soggetto + forma in -ing del verbo?
No, I/he/she/it/we/you/they couldnt. Was I/he/she/it
swimming?
Were we/you/they
Risposte brevi
Yes + soggetto + was/were
Could la forma passata di can, un verbo
modale ed sempre seguito dalla forma base Yes, I/he/she/it was.
del verbo. Yes, we/you/they were.
Could esprime unabilit nel passato. No + soggetto + wasnt/werent
No, I/he/she/it wasnt.
No, we/you/they werent.
1 Chiedi cosa era in grado di fare Marco
allinizio del corso di inglese e rispondi.

1 ask and answer questions Si usa il past continuous per descrivere


Could he ask and answer questions? Yes, he could. unazione che era in corso nel passato in un
2 talk about habits momento specico.
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I was doing my homework at 5 oclock.


Stavo facendo/Facevo i compiti alle 5.
3 give personal information
Il past continuous spesso usato con il past
simple per descrivere unazione in corso che
4 speak about the past
viene interrotta da unaltra azione, espressa
con il past simple.
5 explain future plans Adam was watching TV when Harry arrived.
Adam guardava la TV quando arrivato Harry.

26
18d

When/While 3 Sottolinea la forma verbale corretta.

1 The cat slept/was sleeping on the car when


we went/were going into the garage.
2 While I had/was having a shower, the phone
rang/was ringing.
I was sleeping
3 We played/were playing tennis when it
when you phoned!
started/was starting to rain.
4 It snowed/was snowing when we
woke up/were waking up.
5 The fire alarm rang/was ringing while we
did/were doing the test.
Si possono collegare le due azioni al
6 My dad arrived/was arriving home while we
past simple e continuous con when (quando) e
while (mentre). watched/were watching the film.

when + past simple


4 Completa il testo con il past simple o il past
while + past continuous
continuous dei verbi tra parentesi.
Maria arrived while we were watching a lm.
My friend Kate and I 1 were shopping (shop) in
Maria arriv mentre guardavamo un lm.
town last Saturday. While we 2
When Maria arrived, we were watching a lm.
(look) at a shop window, a woman 3
Quando Maria arriv, guardavamo un lm.
(ask) us the way to the post office.
The post office 4 (be) near, so
2 Cosa stavano facendo i ragazzi mentre
we 5
(walk) along the road and
aspettavano il professore? Osserva il 6
(point) to it on the opposite
disegno e scrivi le frasi usando i verbi nel
riquadro. side of the road. While she 7
(cross) the road, something 8
read study eat listen
(drop) out of her bag. She 9
play sleep
(not/see) it and 10 (go) into
the post office.
Kate and I 11 (pick) up the
object. It 12
(be) a letter.
5 We 13
(go) into the post office
3
to look for the woman.
4 We 14 (see) her immediately:
6 she 15 (look) for something
in her bag. When we 16
(give)
her the letter she 17
(be) so
2 1 pleased. She 18
(thank) us and
19
(ask) us to wait. When she
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When the teacher came into the classroom: 20


(come) out of the post
1 Patrick was eating a sandwich. office, she 21
(give) us some
2 Lucy and Sophie money to buy an ice cream.
3 Tim, Andy and Ian Later, while I 22 (open) the
4 Sara door of my house, a car 23
(stop)
5 Toby and Mark outside: it was the woman! She was an old
6 Clare school friend of my mothers!

27
18d

Prepositions of movement Used to

Where do I live?
Well, go the forest,
and walk the big
rock. Turn right at the
second tree and then you
have to go the river!
1 2

Completa lesempio con le preposizioni


into, across, past. Scrivi le frasi sotto le foto corrispondenti.
He used to be a football player.
He is the Italian national team coach now.
Le preposizioni di moto sono usate con i verbi
Sottolinea lespressione che signica he was.
di movimento (walk, run, drive ecc.) per
indicare la direzione in cui ci si muove. Forma affermativa
Soggetto + used to + forma base del verbo
I/He/She/It
used to live in the USA.
We/You/They
over (sopra) under (sotto) out of (fuori di) Forma negativa
Soggetto + didnt use to + forma base del verbo
I/He/She/It
didnt use to live in the USA.
We/You/They
Forma interrogativa
through (attraverso) round (intorno) Did + soggetto + use to + forma base del verbo?
I/he/she/it
Ricordi le preposizioni di moto che hai Did use to live in the USA?
we/you/they
imparato ( Grammar 15D)? Completa la tabella.
Risposte brevi
up along Yes + soggetto + did No + soggetto + didnt
down past I/he/she/it I/he/she/it
into across Yes, did. No, didnt.
we/you/they we/you/they

5 Completa le istruzioni della gara con le


preposizioni corrette. Si usa used to per parlare di situazioni e
abitudini del passato che ora sono diverse:
1 Run three times
She used to live in England but now she lives in Italy.
the field.
Abitava in Inghilterra, ma ora abita in Italia.
2 Climb the wall. Used to si riferisce ad azioni abituali o ripetute
nel passato. Non si usa per eventi specici.
3 Go the tunnel. They used to go to the seaside every summer.
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(abitudine)
4 And the fence. They went to the seaside last summer.
(evento specico)
5 Jump the water
and swim 100 metres. Climb Used to una forma del passato che
the pool and corrisponde allimperfetto in italiano.
run to the finishing line. Charlie used to work in London.
Charlie lavorava a Londra.

28
18d
6 Traduci le frasi in italiano. 7 Riscrivi le frasi con used to quando
possibile. Altrimenti, scrivi .
1 We used to live in a flat but now we live in a
house with a garden. 1 I had long hair when I was younger.

2 I used to like Winx Club! 2 We went on a trip to Rome in April.

3 My dad didnt use to have short hair. 3 Last year, we went swimming every
Wednesday.
4 I used the computer to do my homework.
4 The Ancient Romans didnt eat fast food.
5 Did you use to like vegetables when you
were little? 5 Did they arrive late yesterday?

6 Did you use my calculator? 6 My brother played the guitar in a band.

7 My mum used to be a secretary. 7 Did you like watching cartoons when you
were little?
8 I used to watch Pokemon when I was six.
8 I had an old bike, now Ive got a new one!
9 Andy used all his money to buy a new
skateboard. 9 Lisa went to dancing lessons every day.

10 Sara used to speak French when she was 10 Did you go skiing when you lived near the
little, but now she cant. mountains?

7 7
8 30 Pronunciation 9 31 Interaction
/U/ and /u/ a) A coppie, scrivete e recitate il dialogo usando i suggerimenti.
Ascolta e ripeti. A: How much English could you speak when you came to this school?
He looked at the book B: Not much ...
Then took a big spoon
Student A Student B
And drummed a new tune
In the light of the moon. Ask how much English Student B could speak when he/she came to this school.
Say how much English you could speak.
Ask what sports Student B could/couldnt do.
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Say what sports you could/couldnt do.


Ask which school Student B used to go to.
Say which school you used to go to.
Ask if Student B used to learn English at that school.
Say if you used to learn English at that school.

b) Ascoltate il dialogo e paragonatelo al vostro.

29
18e The solar
Skills and Culture Science
8:; system

7
1 32 Listen and read

Pythagoras Eratosthenes Ptolemy Copernicus Galileo


(582-497 BC) (276-196 BC) (120-180 AD) (1473-1543) (1564-1642)

What did people first believe? How did Ptolemy change this idea?
Thousands of years ago everyone used to About 400 years later another Greek, Ptolemy (120-180AD),
believe the Earth was flat. They thought it changed everything. He wrote that the Earth, and not the
was like an island with water all around sun, was at the centre of the universe and that the moon,
it. Above it was a dome the sky. The sun the sun and the stars moved around the Earth. For the next
and the stars moved across this dome. 1,400 years most people in Europe used to believe this.

What did the ancient Greeks believe? What did Copernicus and Galileo believe?
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The ancient Greeks had other ideas. In the 16th century a Polish mathematician and astronomer,
Pythagoras (582-497 BC) thought that Nicolas Copernicus (1473-1543), went back to the ideas of
the Earth wasnt flat, it was round the ancient Greeks. He said that the sun, not the Earth, is at
and the Earth, the moon and the stars the centre of our solar system. Copernicuss ideas were not
moved around the sun. Another Greek, popular at the time. In 1609 the Italian astronomer Galileo
Eratosthenes (276-196 BC), calculated (1564-1642) watched the movement of the stars with the
that the circumference of the earth was first telescope. He could see that the sun was at the centre of
40,000 km, which was almost exactly right. our solar system so he proved that Copernicus was right.

30