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A Study on the impact of Reliance JIO on other

Under The Guidance of

I hereby declare that project entitled A Study on the impact of Reliance JIO on
other Operators

is bonafide work duly completed by me. It does not contain any part of the
project or thesis submitted by any other candidate to this or any other
institute of the university.

All such materials that have been obtained from other sources have been duly

This is to certify that the Project Report titled A Study on the impact of Reliance
JIO on other Operators

submitted by in partial fulfilment of Post Graduate Programm in

Management at IBS Gurgaon is a record of bonafide work carried out by him
under my guidance and supervision.

Manager Reliance Jio



1 Summary 01

2 Introduction 02-04

3 Organization Introduction 05-13

4 Review Of Literature 14-24

5 Objectives Of The Study 25

6 Research Methodology 26-27

7 Data Analysis and their Interpretations 28-47

8 Findings 48

9 Conclusion 49

10 Bibliography 50

11 Questionnaire 51

This project titled A Study on the impact of Reliance JIO on other Operators
is being conducted to identify factors and provide revolutionary 4G LTE coverage and high
speed Wi-Fi services of Reliance JIO at all parts of Gurgaon city.

RJIL has successfully demonstrated legal interception and monitoring rules compliance of its
4G network for high speed wireless internet, phone calls, video and messaging service across
To identify all the below buildings in work scope area and establish contacts with the building
owner/association and explain them the benefits of high speed internet and 4G connectivity.

All G+5 (ground floor +five floors) and above buildings

Shopping malls




To capture all the details of the building. The variables are involved in this project
1. 1. Area

2. 2. Address

3. 3. Building Name

4. 4. Number of Floors
5. 5. Type (commercial, residential, both, Hotel, Hospital)

6. 6. Latitude &Longitude {By using Smart phone app}

7. 7. Number of Home passes

The Research methodology is exploratory with a sample size of 704. Data was collected
through survey. The data was analyzed by performing chi-square analysis. Excel, SPSS were
used as statistical computing software.
Number of home passes depends on using internet

Number of floors depends on using internet.

Industry Introduction:

India's telecommunication network is the second largest in the world based on the total
number of telephone users (both fixed and mobile phone). It has one of the lowest call tariffs
in the world enabled by the mega telephone networks and hyper competition among them. It
has the world's third largest Internet user base. According to the Internet And Mobile
Association of India (IAMAI), the Internet user base in the country stood at 190 million at the
end of June, 2013.

Major sectors of the Indian telecommunication industry are telephony, internet and television
broadcast Industry in the country which is in an ongoing process of transforming into next
generation network, employs an extensive system of modern network elements such as digital
telephone exchanges, mobile switching Centres, media gateways and signaling gateways at
the core, interconnected by a wide variety of transmission systems using fiber optics or
Microwave radio relay networks. The access network, which connects the subscriber to the
core, is highly diversified with different copper pair, optic fiber and wireless technologies.
DTH, a relatively new broadcasting technology has attained significant popularity in the
Television segment. The introduction of private FM has given a fillip to the radio
broadcasting in India. Telecommunication in India has greatly been supported by the INSAT
system of the country, one of the largest domestic satellite systems in the world. India
possesses a diversified communications system, which links all parts of the country by
telephone, Internet, radio, television and satellite. Indian telecom industry underwent a high
pace of market liberalization and growth since the 1990s and now has become the world's
most competitive and one of the fastest growing telecom markets. The Industry has grown
over twenty times in just ten years, from under 37 million subscribers in the year 2001 to over
1,002 million subscribers in the year 2015

Communications in India
Revenue (Total) USD 33,350 million
Total telephone subscribers 1,002.05 million (May 2015)
Mobile subscribers 975.78 million (May 2015)
Fixed line subscribers 26.27 million (May 2015)
Monthly telephone additions (Net) (May 2015) 2.34 million
Teledensity 79.67% (May 2015)
Rural Teledensity 48.60% (May 2015)
Internet users 278 million (October 2014)
Internet penetration Dec 2014 20.01%
Broadband internet users 104.96 million (May 2015)
Internet Service Providers 161 (May 2013)
country code .in
Television channels 813 (September 2014)
Radio stations 247 (March 2012)

Sectors in India Telecommunication:

Major sectors of telecommunication industry in India are telephony, internet, Data centers and

The telephony segment is dominated by private sector and two state run Businesses. Most
companies were formed by a recent revolution and restructuring launched within a decade,
directed by Ministry of Communications and IT, Department of Telecommunications and
Minister of Finance. Since then, most companies gained 2G, 3G and 4G licenses and engaged
fixed line, mobile and internet business in India. On landlines, intracircle calls are considered
local calls while intercircle are considered long distance calls. Foreign Direct Investment
policy which increased the foreign ownership cap from 49% to 74%.Now it is 100%. The
Government is working to integrate the whole country in one telecom circle. For long
distance calls, the area code prefixed with a zero is dialed first which is then followed by the
number (i.e., to call Delhi, 011 would be dialed first followed by the phone number). For
international calls, "00" must be dialed first followed by the country code, area code and local
phone number. The country code for India is 91. Several international fiber optic links include
those to Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong, Russia, and Germany. Some major telecom
operators in India include Airtel, Vodafone, Idea, Aircel, BSNL, MTNL, Reliance
Communications, TATA Teleservices, Infotel, MTS, Uninor, TATA DoCoMo, Videocon,
Augere, Tikona
Wireless Internet:
2nd Generation Internet is the most prevalent in India in the Past Decade. Wireless ISPs in
India use both CDMA and Edge technologies for 2G.
India's wireless Internet frequencies are
2G: GSM 900 MHz, GSM 1800 MHz
3G: UMTS 2100 MHz
4G: TDLTE 2300 MHz, FDLTE 1800 MHz

Data centres:
BSNL Internet Data Centers, in collaboration with Dimension Data
Trimax IT Infrastructure & Services Limited Tier
III data centers in Mumbai and Bengaluru [56]
Airlive Broadband
Sify Technologies Limited
CtrlS Datacenters Ltd
Tata Communications Limited
Netmagic Solutions
Reliance Datacenter
Web Werks IDC
Net4 Datacenter

Television broadcasting began in India in 1959 by Doordarshan, a state run medium of
communication, and had slow expansion for more than two decades.[57] The policy reforms
of the government in the 1990s attracted private initiatives in this sector, and since then,
satellite television has increasingly shaped popular culture and Indian society. However, still,
only the government owned Doordarshan has the license for terrestrial television broadcast.
Private companies reach the public using satellite channels both cable television as well as
DTH has obtained a wide subscriber base in India. In 2012, India had about 148 million TV
homes of which 126 million has access to cable and satellite services.
3. Organization Introduction

Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited (commonly called RJIL) is an Indian Internet access
(commonly called broadband) and telecommunications company headquartered in
Mumbai, India. RJIL is a subsidiary of Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), Indias largest
private sector company, is the first telecom operator to hold pan India Unified License. This
license authorizes RJIL to provide all telecommunication services except Global Mobile
Personal Communication by Satellite. Company holds Universal Service License and is the
only pan India operator with Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) spectrum for commercial
Long-Term Evolution (LTE) services across 22 circles capable of offering fourth generation
(4G) LTE wireless services across India. Reliance Jio is setting up a pan India telecom
infrastructure to provide fourth generation 4G LTE TDD high speed wireless internet and
mobile communication services which may be launched by June 2015. The company is in
process to set-up the 4G LTE infrastructure which will also be an enabler for a portfolio of
rich multi-media digital services including education, health-care, entertainment, payment
and cloud services for millions of individuals, homes and businesses across India.

RJIL holds spectrum in 1800 MHz (across 14 circles) and 2300 MHz (across 22 circles)
capable of offering fourth generation (4G) wireless services. RJIL plans to provide seamless
4G services using FDD-LTE on 1800 MHz and TDD-LTE on 2300 MHz through an
integrated ecosystem.

RJIL is setting up a pan India telecom network to provide to the highly underserviced India
market, reliable (4th generation) high speed internet connectivity, rich communication services
and various digital services on pan India basis in key domains such as education, healthcare,
security, financial services, government citizen interfaces and entertainment. RJIL aims to
provide anytime, anywhere access to innovative and empowering digital content, applications
and services, thereby propelling India into global leadership in digital economy.

RJIL is also deploying an enhanced packet core network to create futuristic high capacity
infrastructure to handle huge demand for data and voice. In addition to high speed data, the
4G network will provide voice services from / to non-RJIL networks.
Reliance Jio is part of the Bay Of Bengal Gateway Cable System, planned to provide
connectivity between South East Asia, South Asia and the Middle East, and also to Europe,
Africa and to the Far East Asia through interconnections with other existing and newly built
cable systems landing in India, the Middle East and Far East Asia.

RJILs subsidiary has been awarded with a Facility Based Operator License (FBO License)
in Singapore which will allow it to buy, operate and sell undersea and/or terrestrial fibre
connectivity, setup its internet point of presence, offer internet transit and peering services as
well as data and voice roaming services in Singapore.

RJIL has finalized key agreements with its technology partners, service providers,
infrastructure providers, application partners, device manufacturers and other strategic
partners for the project. These strategic partners have committed significant resources, know-
how and global talent to support planning, deployment and testing activities currently

An agreement with Ascend Telecom for their more than 4,500 towers across
India. (June 2014)
An agreement with Tower Vision for their 8,400 towers across India. (May
An agreement with ATC India for their 11,000 towers across India. (April
An agreement with Viom Networks for their 42,000 telecom towers. (March
Agreement with Bharti Airtel for a comprehensive telecom infrastructure
sharing agreement to share infrastructure created by both parties to avoid duplication
of infrastructure wherever possible. (December 2013)
A key agreement for international data connectivity with Bharti to utilise
dedicated fiber pair of Bhartis i2i submarine cable that connects India and Singapore.
(April 2013)
Agreements with Reliance Communications Limited for sharing of RCOMs
extensive inter-city and intra-city optic fiber infrastructure of nearly 1,20,000 fiber-
pair kilometers of optic fiber and 500,000 fiber pair kilometers respectively (April
2013 / April 2014), and 45,000 towers (June 2013)

Acquisition & Subsidiaries:

Acquired Infotel Broadband Services Limited in 2010.
Technology - Rancore Technologies
ILD & NLD - Infotel Telecom

Reliance Jio Infocomm is currently laying OFC across the country to offer
Fiber to the home/premises (FTTH). This fiber backbone will also help them to carry
huge amount of data originated from their 4G network as well as public Wi-Fi
Reliance Jio is deploying LTE-TDD technology for 2.3 GHz spectrum band,
acquired in 2010.
Reliance Jio will deploy LTE-FDD for 1.8 GHz spectrum, which will
ultimately paved to roll out of LTE-A network aggregation of both technology and
both spectrum band.
At present in different cities of India Reliance Jio offers Wi-Fi services. Most
of these cities are in Gujarat, where Reliance Industries also have one of the largest
Once commercially launched, Jio users can have access to Reliance
Communications 2G & 3G network.

Bharti Airtel launched India's first 4G service, using TD-LTE technology, in Kolkata
on 10 April 2012.[73] On June 2013 prior to the official launch in Kolkata, a group consisting
of China Mobile, Bharti Airtel and Soft Bank Mobile came together, called Global TD-LTE
Initiative (GTI) in Barcelona, Spain and they signed the commitment towards TD-LTE
standards for the Asian region. It must be noted that Bharti Airtel's 4G network does not
support mainstream 4G phones such as Samsung Galaxy Note 3, Samsung Galaxy S4 and
Bharti Airtel 4G services are available in Kolkata, Bangalore, Pune,
Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam and Chandigarh region (The Tricity or Chandigarh region
consists of a major city Chandigarh, Mohali and Panchkula). Since May 2015, Airtel
had also partnered with Samsung India to introduce 4G services in Chennai, on a trial
RIL is launching 4G services through its subsidiary, Jio Infocomm. RIL 4G
services are currently available only in Jamnagar, where it is testing the new TD-LTE
technology. Reliance's 4G rollout is planned to start in Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata
and expand to cover 700 cities, including 100 high-priority markets in 2015.
Bharti Airtel launched 4G on mobiles in Bangalore, thus becoming the first in
India to offer such a service on 14th Feb, 2014
Bharti Airtel in July 2014, expanded 4G services to many cities in Punjab like
Amritsar, Patiala, Hoshiarpur, Ajitgarh, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Phagwara and
Kapurthala Until July 2014, Customers in these cities access 4G services through
dongles and Wi-Fi modems on Apple iPhone 5S and 5C, XOLO LT 900 and LG G2
(model D802T).
Aircel in July 2014, launched 4G in four circles Andhra Pradesh, Assam,
Bihar and Odisha.
India uses 2.3 GHz frequency
Tikona Digital Networks holds broadband wireless access spectrum in the 2300 MHz band
and is waiting for the appropriate time and maturity of the 4G ecosystem before making a
foray into the space. Tikona holds 4G spectrum licenses in five circles in northwest India,
covering Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh (East and West) and Himachal Pradesh.
Introduction of Goods & services:
The fourth generation of wireless standards for cellular systems is 4G, the planned successor
to the 3G standard. The ITU (International Telecommunications Union) has specified that the
peak speed requirements for the 4G standard are to be 100Mbps for a mobile connection
(such as in a car) and 1Gbps for stationary connections (such as sitting at a computer). 4G
services that meet these requirements are not publically available yet (as of June 2011) but
telecommunications providers are looking to upgrade their infrastructure to cater for 4G
services in the not too distant future. The 4G service is set to offer a fast and secure all-IP,
roaming mobile broadband solution to devices such as laptops with wireless 4G modems, 4G
smartphone mobile phones and other 4G mobile devices that require internet access with
speed intensive facilities being made available, including on-demand HD television, IP
telephony, on-demand gaming and, of course, high speed internet access.

Currently marketed technologies such as LTE (Long Term Evolution) and WiMAX have been
around for a few years and are being marketed as 4G whilst not meeting the requirements set
by the ITU. It was recently announced that these services could continue to be marketed as
4G as they are precursors to the IMT Advanced, 4G standard whilst also operating on the
same basis of technology; however, these should really be considered as "Pre-4G" or "3.9G"
as they technically do not offer the required data rates of (stationary) 1Gbps.

The ITU has recognized two standards that are planned to meet the 4G IMT-Advanced
requirements put forward by the two groups, 3GPP and IEEE. These are the LTE Advanced
and Wireless MAN-Advanced (WiMAX-Advanced) standards and will almost certainly
abandon the old spread system technology found in 3G systems for OFDMA and other
equalization schemes, use MIMO technology, channel-dependent scheduling and dynamic
channel allocation... all technologies that are being found on new, modern wireless
networking equipment.

The use of the 4G service will be very similar to that of the 3G service whilst offering much
higher data transfer rates and therefore allowing either more speed intensive applications or
more users to experience good speeds whilst only connected through 1 carrier. Applications
could include:
4G Ultra high speed internet access - E-mail or general web browsing is
4G Data intensive interactive user services - Services such as online satellite
mapping will load instantly.
4G Multiple User Video conferencing - subscribers can see as well as talk to
more than one person.
4G Location-based services - a provider sends wide spread, real time weather
or traffic conditions to the computer or phone, or allows the subscriber to find and
view nearby businesses or friends whilst communicating with them.
4G Tele-medicine - a medical provider monitors or provides advice to the
potentially isolated subscriber whilst also streaming to them related videos and guides.
4G HDTV - a provider redirects a high definition TV channel directly to the
subscriber where it can be watched.
4G High Definition Video on demand - a provider sends a movie to the
4G Video games on demand - a provider sends game data directly to the
subscriber where they can play in real time.
The other main application that 4G could make available that 3G in general did not, or could
not, is the capability to be used as a main internet access point within homes or businesses
whilst catering for multiple connections at high speeds. If the 1Gbps rate is available within
these areas, the speeds would be many times more than those that are currently publicly
available and this application could be very useful for creating 4G wireless networks that can
be located in rural areas with no access to the high speed, cabled, broadband grid.

The IMT-Advanced Standard (4G) requires the following specifications to be met:
It must be based upon an all-IP packet switched network
Peak data rates must be up to 100Mbps in high mobility situations and up to
1Gbps for low mobility/stationary applications
Network resources should be utilized and dynamically shared to support more
users on same connection
Channel bandwidth should be scalable between 5, 20 and up to 40MHz
Spectral efficiency should be no less than 15bit/s/Hz and 6.75bit/s/Hz for
outdoor downlink and uplink usage respectively
Spectral efficiency should be no less than 3bit/s/Hz and 2.25bit/s/Hz for indoor
downlink and uplink usage respectively
Connection transitions across heterogeneous networks should be smooth
A high quality of service must be available to allow the next generation of
multimedia support on mobile devices.

Difference between 3G and 4G:

To begin with, 3G or 2G technologies were designed keeping voice and data in mind, while
4G has been designed keeping data as the main element. To put it in context, if you are
downloading a full length Hindi movie (on an average 500 MB) on 2G, you will have to wait
for more than five hours, while on 3G networks you will need to spend around 25-30 minutes
(if the download speed is 2Mbps). 4G can cut down this time to five minutes (at a download
speed of 10Mbps).

Various kinds of 4G technologies:

There are two - LTE (Long Term Evolution) and Wi-Max (Worldwide Interoperability for
Microwave Access), which can theoretically offer wireless broadband access at speeds of up
to 100 Mbps, though the actual speeds will be around 10 Mbps.
Data speeds of LTE Advanced
Peak download 1 Gbit/s
Peak upload 500 Mbit/s

4G Deployments:
BT is planning to launch a trial of 4G LTE technology in the rural areas near New quay soon
and is hopeful to roll out the 4G LTE service by 2014. O2 are planning to use Slough as a
testing ground and has planned with Huawei to install 4G LTE technology in six masts across
the area to allow users to communicate via HD video conferencing and play high end video
games whilst being mobile.

Reliance Industries Chairman Mukesh Ambani committed an investment of Rs. 250,000

crores on "Digital India" and said he expected the group's initiatives under it will create over
500,000 direct and indirect jobs. "I believe Digital India will be a huge success because of the
adoption of technology by the youth of India," Ambani said at an event that saw Prime
Minister Narendra Modi launch the "Digital India" week to empower citizens by the use of IT
and its tools.

"Digital India as we have seen empowers them to fulfil their aspirations. We at Reliance will
invest over Rs. 2,50,000 crores across the Digital India pillars," he said, adding: "I estimate
Reliance's 'Digital India' investments will create employment for over 500,000 people."
Ambani said the launch of Digital India initiative was a momentous occasion in an
information age where digitization was changing the way one lives, learns, works and plays.
It can transform the lives of 1.2 billion Indians using the power of digital technology.

He said his group, under the Reliance Jio platform, will roll out an internet protocol based
wireless broadband infrastructure across all 29 states in India. Reliance Jio will also set up a
nationwide distribution network for 150,000 small vendors to sell and service devices. "This
apart Jio is working with leading device manufacturers, encouraging them to 'Make in India'
smart phones and internet devices at an affordable price. We will give them an assured off
take through our retail system."

Mukesh Ambanis Reliance Jio Infocomm gave us all a little tease of what is to come with its
4G services at Techfest, an anual science & technology festival held at the IIT-Bombay. The
service will be 10-12x faster than 3G networks. Heres what Reliance, the only company
which holds a pan India 4G license, showed off
Jio Television: Set-top box running on Android. The service will have live
television (Jio Play) and Video on Demand (Jio World).
Jio Drive: 100 GB free storage to subscribers
Mi-Fi: The Companys customer premise equipment will connect to a Reliance
operated mobile tower and provide local Wi-Fi network.

Next Big What has learned that Reliance Jio 4G plans also include the launch of a suite of
services including
1. Music Streaming
2. Video Calling & VoIP Services
3. Instant Messenger
4. Payment Services: Reliance

Jio already has obtained a license to operate prepaid wallets for mobile transactions (this need
not necessarily be linked to the 4G launch). Reliance is also launching its own mobile apps to
enable many of these services. According to Reliance, the 4G infrastructure will also support
its portfolio of multimedia digital services in education, health-care, entertainment, payment
and cloud services. With these launches, Reliance will not only be making its much
anticipated entry to 4G mobile services, it is also likely to corner a large share of the media &
entertainment marketin India. The idea is to capture the living room of the consumer which is
otherwise the undisputed territory of cable television. Pan India 4G services on the Reliance
network could also give a leg-up to the digital economy in India. While the launch dates for
the companys big foray into 4G hasnt been announced, it could be as early as the first half
of this year.

The following is the literature review for this study. The content have been taken from several

Abhishek Kumar Singh and Malhar Pangrikar (2013) did a study titled A Study Report, to
Find out Market Potential for 4g Businesses in Pune. The Report is all about Study of
market potential for 4G business in pune and also to know about the customer perceptions
and attitudes towards their current service provider. Satisfaction level of the customers was
also judged. The customer expectations were analyzed thoroughly. Major factors considered
in research are: what are the needs of the companies based on the data services usage, major
player in internet services, and support to customers. The research was conducted on
companies mainly from Industries like IT, Education, Manufacturing and others which are
located in Pune city. It is clear from the survey done that Reliance & Tata are Leading Internet
service Provider; they are providing products like Data Card, Broadband etc to the corporate
end users. Most of the companies are getting internet speed form 1MBPS-4MBPS. Most of
the companies are having good perception about 4 G and are willing to switch to it from their
current service provider. Speed of 4G is around than 30 to 35 MBPS, is going too boom the
Market. Because majority of the companies are facing Speed problem with their current ISP.

Purpose of the Study :

1. To study the market potential for 4G Business.
2. To find out the customer satisfaction level with their existing ISP.
3. To find out the Market share of Companies Using Different Operators Internet services.

Research Methodology:
Type: Quantitative Research
Sample unit: Small and medium Enterprises
Sample size : 86 Companies
Sampling Method: Simple Random Sampling

Sources & Methods of Data Collection:

They have used two methods for data collection:-Primary Data:- Survey, Questionnaire ,

Secondary Data:
Books, Internet

Conclusion: 4G revolution is started in Pune by Airtel. Drastic changes and improvements

from 3G Technology need to be a priority. But if done intelligently and thoroughly, 4G holds
enormous potential for Pune and can really create a boom in the IT industry, key to the Indian
economy. Hence the evolution from 3G to 4G will be stimulated by services offering
enhanced quality, requires increased bandwidth, needs elevated sophistication of large-scale
information provisions and must have improved customization capabilities to support user

Mudit Ratana Bhalla and Anand Vardhan Bhalla (2010) did a study titled Generations of
Mobile Wireless Technology: A Survey.This paper will throw light on the evolution and
development of various generations of mobile wireless technology along with their
significance and advantages of one over the other. In the past few decades, mobile wireless
technologies have experience 4 or 5 generations of technology revolution and evolution,
namely from 0G to 4G. Current research in mobile wireless technology concentrates on
advance implementation of 4G technology and 5G technology. Currently 5G term is not
officially used. In 5G researches are being made on development of World Wide Wireless
Web (WWWW), Dynamic Adhoc Wireless Networks (DAWN) and Real Wireless World.
Gurpreet Saini (2009) did a study titled examining the 4g mobile standard convergence to
the lte standardThis research study examines the phenomenon of the decisive convergence to
a single mobile communication standard using a multi-level longitudinal case study of the
LTE standard to explore the context, process and content of change associated with all
relevant events and the stakeholders involved in them. The research produces a set of
constructs that can be used to describe the convergence to LTE as well as applied to other
similar phenomena in emerging information and communications technology open standards.

The objective of this research is to answer the following research question and produce

What are the constructs that could be used to describe the convergence to the LTE mobile
communication standard?
The key contributions of the research are:
i) Validating a methodology that was previously used to study the adoption of an open
standard to involve the phenomenon of technology convergence
ii) Develop a set of constructs describing the evolution of LTE by taking into account the
convergence phenomena,
iii) Provide insights that are relevant to top management teams of firms willing to engage in
the development and adoption of emerging open standards in order to align their competitive
and product development strategies.

Subharthi Paul (2008)did a study titled Long Term Evolution (LTE) & Ultra-Mobile
Broadband (UMB) Technologies for Broadband Wireless Access gives a brief study of Long
Term Evolution (LTE) & Ultra-Mobile Broadband (UMB) Technologies.The evolution of
wireless telephone technologies can be discretely grouped into various generations based on
the level of maturity of the underlying technology. The classification into generations is not
standardized on any given metrics or parameters and as such does not represent a strict
demarcation. However, it represents a perspective which is commonly agreed upon, both by
industry and academia, and hence conceived to be an unwritten standard. At this time, there
are two major efforts towards the development of the next generation - "4G" wireless access
technology. The 3GPP or 3rd Generation Partnership project (brand named as Long Term
Evolution) is the name of the 4G efforts being undertaken in Europe and the 3GPP2 or 3rd
Generation Partnership project 2 (brand named as Ultra Mobile Broadband) is the 4G effort
of North America and parts of Asia. This survey tries to present an evolutionary and objective
sketch to the development efforts of these technologies that mark the future of wide area
broadband wireless access technologies.

Irfan Ullah (2012) Did a study titledA study and analysis of Public WiFi. The objective of
this survey is to compare different technologies with WiFi in terms of cost factor, bandwidth
and performance factor, and technology implementation factor The goal of this thesis is to
analyze and compare different wireless network technologies with as focus on availability,
number of nodes, total cost, end-user cost, vendor cost, range, reliability and security. The
goal is to compare Local Area Network Wi-Fi technology (IEEE 802.11 a/g) with mobile
wireless technology like 3G, 4G and LTE.

Liwen Zhang (2010) did a study titled a survey on long term evolution Long Term
Evolution (LTE) is a significant project of 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP),
initially proposed on the Toronto conference of 3GPP in 2004 and officially started as LTE
work item in 2006. LTE, as a transition from the 3rd generation (3G) to the 4th generation
(4G), has achieved great capacity and high speed of mobile telephone networks without
doubt. It defines a new packet-only wideband radio with flat architecture and assumes a full
Internet Protocol (IP) network architecture in order to assure voice supported in packet
domain in design. In addition, it is combined with top-of-the-line radio techniques in order to
gain better performance than Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) approaches. LTE
provides scalable carrier bandwidths from 1.4 MHz to 20 MHz and frequency division
duplexing (FDD), as well as time division duplexing (TDD). In this paper, it presents an
overall description of LTE technology separately in different aspects of LTE architecture and
technical principles to clarify how LTE as a radio technology achieves a high performance for
cellular mobile communication systems.

Victor Wolfe, William Frobe, Vineetha Shrinivasan, Tsung-Yen Hsieh (2014) Did a study
titled Feasibility Study of utilizing 4G LTE signals in combination with unmanned aerial
vehicles for the purpose of search and rescue of avalanche victims.

This research report uses quantitative data and analysis to explore the feasibility of using
Fourth Generation Long Term Evolution devices that are loaded with an application as a
device that can also help save an avalanche victims life. During the research process we
explored the idea of getting an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle to the site of an avalanche quicker
than the current search and rescue process as long as the victims have a Fourth Generation
Long Term Evolution device plus the loaded app on them that is reporting their position.
Going into this project our research team did not know how well Fourth Generation Long
Term Evolution signals would propagate through snow. The study of Fourth Generation Long
Term Evolution signal propagation through snow was our primary focus in this project in
order to determine if it is even feasible to use a smart phone as an avalanche rescue beacon.

Sumant Ku Mohapatra1 , BiswaRanjan Swain1 and Pravanjan Das (2015) did a study titled
Comprehensive Survey of possible security issues on 4G networks gives a brief study of
recent advances in wireless network security issues. First, it studies the 4G mail threats and
risk and their design decisions. Second, the security of 4G architecture with next generation
network security and 8- security dimensions of 4G network. Third, security issues and
possible threats on 4G are discussed. Finally, proposed four layer security model which
manages to ensure more secure packets transmission by taking all the necessary security

Vishalakshi Prabhu , G.S.Nagaraja (2014) did a study titledA Survey on Quality of Service
Provision in 4G Wireless Networksgives a brief study of Quality of Service (QoS), Internet
Protocol (IP), heterogeneous network, Cross Layer Design (CLD). Worldwide many mobile
operators, industry experts, and researchers have diverse visions of potential 4th generation
(4G) features and its implementations. 4G networks will be incorporating advanced Internet
Protocol version 6 (IPv6) protocol and the signaling will be done through Internet Protocol
(IP). There are several key challenges in implementing 4G heterogeneous network. Few of
these problems are all IP network, integration across different topologies, security and Quality
of Service (QoS). This paper gives a survey and classification of the important QoS
approaches proposed for 4G networks. Classification is based on the work done in each
protocol layer and Cross Layer Design (CLD) approach. Finally, this paper presents outcomes
of survey which includes significant observations, limitations and idea of further research in
improving QoS in 4G networks.

Hamner M., did an Analysis which has been undertaken on the demand and supply
characteristics of the Indian telecommunications market, with the aim of contributing to the
debate on the effectiveness of universal access policies in developing countries Also, the
design, development and testing of a model for use in evaluating the variety of issues that
impact the telecommunications sector and affect its sustainability in developing countries has
been done. The model developed considers the telecommunications sector to be a complex
system that can be described in terms of supply (eg infrastructure) and demand (eg revenue
per capita). To represent the telecommunications sector, the model embodies the relationships
and interactions between six major categories including: political, competitive and regulatory,
economic, social, sector specific and technology.

According to Dahlman, BWA can logically be a mix of pre 4G technologies such as mobile
WiMax and the first release Long Term Evolution (LTE) which have been in market since
2006 and 2009 respectively and often branded as 4G in marketing material, and 4G
technologies. The current versions of the pre 4G technologies do not fulfill the IMT-
Advanced requirement. IMT- Advanced compliant version of the above two standards are
under development and called LTE Advanced and WirelessMAN Advanced respectively.
ITU has decided that LTE Advanced technology based on 3GPP release 10 and
WirelessMAN Advanced technology based on IEEE 802.16m should be accorded the
official designation of IMT- Advanced. Both LTE-Advanced technology and the IEEE
WirelessMAN -Advanced technology make use of same key technologies viz. Orthogonal
Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA), Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) and
System Architecture Evolution (SAE).

Dodd, A.Z. did and analysis on the widespread adoption of GSM/CDMA as 2G technologies
and WCDMA/UMTS/HSPA/CDMA 2000/EVDO for 3G service. LTE has been defined as
the next step in the technological roadmap. LTE evolves from the Third-generation
technology which is based on WCDMA and defines the long term evolution of the 3GPP
UMTS/HSPA cellular technology. The specifications of these efforts are formally known as
the evolved UMTS terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA) and evolved UMTS terrestrial radio
access network (E-UTRAN), commonly referred to by the 3GPP project LTE. It offers higher
data rates, lower latency and greater spectral efficiency than previous technologies. LTE
supports high performance mobile access functional upto 350Km/h with 500Km/h under
consideration. Peak data rates range from 100 to 326.4Mbps on the downlink and 50 to 86.4
Mbps on the uplink depending on the antenna configuration and 2 modulation depth. LTE is
compatible with HSPA, UMTS and GSM-based technologies and hence offers a simple
evolutionary path for all existing GSM and HSPA operators. However, LTE s complementary
core network also offers the ability to support the handover of services between LTE and
CDMA-2000 networks, making it a compelling option as a next step for CDMA-2000/EV-
DO operators as well. LTE has been developed to offer both Frequency Division Duplex
(FDD) and Time Division Duplex (TDD) modes, enabling TD-SCDMA networks to also
make a smooth transition to TDD LTE. Indeed, a combined FDD and TDD LTE deployment
is expected to gain a broad foothold in many markets.

Leite, J. comes from IEEE family of protocols and extends the wireless access from the
Local Area Network (typically based on the IEEE 802.11 standard) to Metropolitan Area
Networks (MAN) and Wide Area Networks (WAN). It uses a new physical layer radio access
technology called OFDMA (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access) for uplink and
downlink. It provides wireless transmission of data using a variety of transmission modes,
from point-to-multipoint links to portable and fully mobile internet access. According to the
industry forum WiMax Forum, many technologies currently available for fixed wireless
access can only provide line of sight (LOS) coverage, the technology behind WiMAX has
been optimised to provide non line of sight (NLOS) coverage as well. WiMAX s advanced
technology can cover distances of up to 50 kilometers under LOS conditions and typical cell
radii of up to 5 miles under NLOS conditions. The Mobile WiMAX uses an all IP backbone
with uplink and downlink peak data rate capabilities of up to 75 Mbps depending on the
antenna configuration and modulation, practicable to 10 Mbps within a 6 miles (10 Km)
radius. The earliest iterations of WiMAX was approved with the TDMA TDD and FDD with
line of sight (LOS) propagation across the 10 to 66 GHz frequency range which was later
expanded to 4 include operation in the 2 to 11 GHz range with non line of sight (NLOS)
capability using the robust OFDMA PHY layer with sub-channelization allowing dynamic
allocation of time and frequency resources to multiple users. The 802.16m (Mobile WiMAX
Release 2) Task-force is currently working on the next-generation systems with an aim for
optimizations for improved interworking and coexistence with other access technologies such
as 3G cellular systems, WiFi and Bluetooth and enhance the peak rates to 4G standards set by
the ITU under IMT-Advanced umbrella which calls for data rates of 100 Mbps for high
mobility and 1 Gbps for fixed/nomadic wireless access.

Protiviti, 2009 The lackluster performance of the Broadband (BB) market, primarily
attributable to the technical and economic non feasibility of the fixed line infrastructure in
India, indicates that the solution for mass proliferation of broadband in India has to be
wireless. Recognising the strong correlation between broadband proliferation and increased
economic activity and experience of the burgeoning wireless voice market, the Government
had announced its Broadband Policy (2004) and most recently the Broadband Wireless
Access (BWA) auctions in 2008 to accelerate BB adoption in India. The industry and the
country now wait with bated breath to see which wireless technology will be adopted to
provide a cost effective and scalable BB solution to the Indian market, which is ripe with pent
up demand for broadband services. Adoption of any new wireless technology would hinge on
affordability, spectral efficiency (on account of scarcity of available spectrum and its high
cost), scalability, robustness, range of devices available, evolution roadmap over the next 3~4
years and meeting the BWA policy requirements. While one school of thought backs WiMAX
WiMAX emerges as the quintessential answer to these problems, given its superior
performance and lower costs as compared to the existing 3G technologies and futuristic Long
Term Evolution (LTE) equivalents. WiMAX was developed for high speed wireless BB data
access and is a 4G technology available today at 3G prices. It presents an ideal choice to
Telcos for providing high speed wireless BB at affordable rates and for the government to
meet its growth and social objectives.

Ayvazian, B., 2010 did a study on the other backs LTE Long Term Evolution (LTE) has
entered the mobile market as 3G has achieved wide deployment by mobile operators and
subscriber adoption worldwide. Mobile broadband traffic is exploding at 100 percent per year
in many markets, largely due to the growing popularity of 3G-enabled smart-phones, laptops,
and tablet computers. To address this growing demand for mobile broadband, the 3rd
Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) standards body developed LTE as the next logical
technological step for over 4 billion mobile subscribers on existing 3GPP and 3GPP2
networks. 7 On the one hand, LTE serves as the evolutionary path from 3G to 4G,
transforming the mobile industry by supporting ultra-fast broadband, significantly improving
the user experience, substantially improving end-user throughputs, increasing sector capacity,
and reducing user plane latency. LTE is designed as a simple and flat, all-IP data-centric
network architecture resulting in low operating costs for operators. LTE has an extremely low
latency between network elements and end-to-end devices which is about 10 times lower than
that of current 3G networks. LTE leverages existing mature radio technologies while also
taking advantage of the fast moving semiconductor processing technologies that enables a
low cost deployment even from the very beginning.

Puckering, J., 2008; Scrase, A., 2009 ; Stuck, B., 2008 did a Research on BWA Technology
Roadmaps & Ecosystem Development, and its Operator Business Case and Adoption
Forecast exist, and will have to be rationally evaluated /further research/studies undertaken. It
is not only the Radio Access Network (RAN) to be considered but also the backhaul. Mobile
operators worldwide are making serious financial commitments to deploy all-IP 4G mobile
broadband networks. The race to 4G is being driven by operator competition to capture
market share among the most advanced subscribers with new smartphone devices and
applications that drive mobile data traffic growth. Operators are now deploying 4G mobile
broadband networks and services to handle this traffic growth, although the first release of
mobile WiMax, HSPA+ and, LTE are all considered by the ITU to be pre-4G technologies.

Jain, R., 2010 did a study on the Technological developments in wireless and the decreasing
costs have created opportunities for faster deployment of telecommunications services. This
speed is critical for developing countries, especially in rural areas, as the role of
telecommunications in development is more significant for them. The uptake of wireless
technologies has been rapid in most developing countries. For the most part, these have been
cellular networks that operate in the licensed bands. The Asian region has been one of the
fastest growing segments of the wireless market. Yet, a closer look at the policy and
regulatory regime points to a need for a review of existing processes, institutions and
instruments for more market-oriented outcomes for allotment of spectrum

Narayana, M.R., 2011 did a research on the growth contributions of telecom services by
public and private sectors, socioeconomic determinants of demand for telecom services need
to be revisited, as , they have implications for selective design of policies towards promotion
of higher demand and attainment of higher economic growth by fixed and mobile services in

Stacey, O., 2011 did a study on Network sharing has long occupied the minds of operators
and, while most mobile operators already engage in various forms of sharing, much of this
has focused on passive infrastructure sharing as operators remain cautious over the perceived
risks associated with active infrastructure sharing. The significant capital and operating
expenditure (CAPEX and OPEX) savings and the benefits of a better network in terms of
coverage and capacity continue to appeal to many operators. But there are a number of risks
and challenges which operators need to manage and control in order to successfully
implement a sharing project.

Krishnakumar, R., 2010; Kumar, M., et al., 2012 did a study to facilitate this the NTP 2012
intends to allow sharing of Networks and delink the licensing of Networks from the delivery
of Service to the end users to facilitate faster roll 10 out of services across the country ,
enhance the quality of service, optimize the investment and address the issue of the digital
divide. This will also facilitate increased competition in the telecom sector without putting
any entry barrier in setting up of networks by new operators and at the same time allowing
the existing operators to increase their network utilization by sharing the network facilities. A
major policy objective is to reposition the mobile phone from a mere communication device
to an instrument of empowerment that combines communication with proof of identity, fully
secure financial and other transaction capability, multi-lingual services and a whole range of
other capabilities that ride on them and transcend the literacy barrier. This could then be
expected to lead to a rash of innovation and entrepreneurship related to mobile value-added
services (MVAS) services. The goal in this area is to emerge as a global leader in MVAS

Kamal, K., 2008did a research on the Concerns about Cyber Security in general and security
of telecom infrastructure in particular are escalating. Current efforts in these areas need to be
stepped up by several orders of magnitude with appropriate arrangements for coordination
across multiple agencies involved if they are to be effective in meeting new and emerging
challenges The issues surrounding the management of wireless broadband access (including
WiMAX and LTE) networks would have to be examined. The security, resilience and safety
of these networks is of paramount importance.

To Study about the Buildings

To study the importance and development of the telecommunication industry
in the todays world.

To Study about the Buildings characteristics viz., residential, commercial, or

To find the latitude and longitude of specific location.
To find the number of floors, number of home passes, number of families
using internet, number of different brands used.
To know and assess relationship between building types and internet usage,
internet services etc.
6. Research Methodology

Exploratory research

Method of Data Collection:

Field survey

Sampling procedure:
I have to select 5 floors and above buildings in my segmented area and then based on
my questioner I have collected my data.

Sampling type:
Cluster sampling

Sample size:
704 following is the description to sample size determination.

Pilot study was performed to know the sample size and it is calculated by using the formula

Z= Z value (e.g. 1.96 for 95% confidence level)

P=percentage picking a choice, expressed as decimal

C=confidence interval.

Sample size : 100.


Secondary and primary data used. Secondary is collected from certain authenticated
sources like: [1]&[2]. Primary data was collected from field survey with a structure
questionnaire. There are seven questions in the questionnaire. All questions aimed to gather
data related to type of the building, number of home passes, GIS coordinates of the location,
internet usage, type of service.

Statistical tools:

Cross tabulation, chi-square test, Likelihood ratio, association measures.

Tools used in Interpretation of the data:

SPSS (Software Package For Statistical Analysis), Excel.


What is chi-square analysis?

A chi-squared test, also referred to as test (or chi-square test), is any statistical hypothesis
test in which the sampling distribution of the test statistic is a chi-square distribution when
the null hypothesis is true. Chi-squared tests are often constructed from a sum of squared
errors, or through the sample variance. Test statistics that follow a chi-squared distribution
arise from an assumption of independent normally distributed data, which is valid in many
cases due to the central limit theorem. A chi-squared test can then be used to reject the
hypothesis that the data are independent.

Also considered a chi-square test is a test in which this is asymptotically true, meaning that
the sampling distribution (if the null hypothesis is true) can be made to approximate a chi-
square distribution as closely as desired by making the sample size large enough. The chi-
squared test is used to determine whether there is a significant difference between the
expected frequencies and the observed frequencies in one or more categories. Does the
number of individuals or objects that fall in each category differ significantly from the
number you would expect.

1. 1. Using internet vs. Number of Home passes Cross tabulation


Number ofTotal
Home passes

0 to 160 160 to 320 640 to 800

0 to 100 702 1 0 703

Using Internet
400 to 500 0 0 1 1

Total 702 1 1 704

Out of total 704 buildings surveyed, 702 buildings has home passes less than 160 in this
category less than 100 home passes use internet. There is only one building in which less than
100 home passes use internet, but in another building it was observed that 400 to 500 home
passes use internet.

Chi-Square Tests:

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-


Pearson Chi-Square 704.000a 2 .000

Likelihood Ratio 15.112 2 .001

661.619 1 .000

N of Valid Cases 704

Since the p-value is less than 0.05 (i.e. 0.000< 0.05), the null hypothesis is rejected.
So, there is strong evidence for the alternative hypothesis that the internet usage depends on
number of home passes.

Finding: internet usage depends on number of home passes.


Value Asymp. Std.Approx. T Approx. Sig.


Interval by
Pearson's R .970 .040 105.944 .000c

Ordinal bySpearman
.708 .250 26.533 .000c
Ordinal Correlation

N of Valid

Interpretation :
Since the
correlation is
0.970 so, there
is positive and
relationship and
p-value is 0.000
< 0.05 that
means increase
or decrease in
one variable
relate to
increase or
decrease in
second variable.
There is
between number
of home passes
and internet

2. Building type vs. Using internet Cross tabulation:


Using internet Total

0 to 100 400 to 500

Commercial 132 0 132

Building type
Hospital 11 0 11

Hotel 8 0 8

Residential 495 1 496

Both 57 0 57

Total 703 1 704

Out of 704
Buildings, 495
buildings are using
Wi-Fi in the range
of 0 to 100.
Chi-Square Tests:

Value Df Asymp. Sig. (2-


Pearson Chi-Square.420a 4 .981

Likelihood Ratio .701 4 .951

N of Valid Cases 704

Interpretation :

Since the p-value is

Greater than 0.05
(i.e. 0.981> 0.05), the
null hypothesis is
accepted. So, there is
no evidence that
relationship between
using Internet and
building type

3. Building type vs. Using Diff. Internet Brands Cross tabulation:


Using Diff.Total

1 2 4 5

Commercial 0 35 54 43 132
Hospital 0 4 5 2 11

Hotel 0 4 3 1 8
Residential 2 101 226 167 496

Both 0 9 25 23 57

Total 2 153 313 236 704

Out of 704 building, 313 building are using 4 different brands, 236 Building are using
5 brands.

Chi-Square Tests:

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)

Pearson Chi-Square 10.870a 12 .540

Likelihood Ratio 10.922 12 .536

N of Valid Cases 704


Since the p-value is Greater than 0.05 (i.e. 0.540> 0.05), the null hypothesis is accepted. So, there
is no evidence that relationship between using different Internet brands and building type.

4. Building type vs. Number of Floors Cross tabulation:



5 6 7 8 9 10

Commercial101 20 6 1 3 1
Hospital 6 3 1 0 1 0

Hotel 6 2 0 0 0 0

Residential 446 30 13 4 2 1
Both 49 5 3 0 0 0

Total 608 60 23 5 6 2

Out of 704 buildings, 608 building having 5 floors,60 buildings having 6floors, 23
building having 7floors.

Building type vs. Floors Cross




Commercial 132

Hospital 11
Hotel 8

Residential 496

Both 57

Total 704

Out of 704 building, 496 buildings are residential, 132 buildings are commercial, 57 buildings
are both, 11 buildings are hospital and 8 buildings are hotel

Chi-Square Tests:

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)

Pearson Chi-Square 40.068a 20 .005

Likelihood Ratio 31.069 20 .054

N of Valid Cases 704


Since the p-value is less than 0.05 (i.e. 0.000< 0.05), the null hypothesis is rejected.
So, there is strong evidence that there is relationship between building type vs. number of

5. Building type vs. Number of Home passes Cross tabulation:


Number ofTotal
Home passes

0 to 160 160 to 320 640 to 800

Commercial 132 0 0 132

Building type
Hospital 11 0 0 11

Hotel 8 0 0 8

Residential 494 1 1 496

Both 57 0 0 57

Total 702 1 1 704

Out of 704 Buildings, 702 buildings having 0 to 160 home passes, 1 building having
160-320, 1 building having 640-800.

Chi-Square Tests:

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)

Pearson Chi-Square .841a 8 .999

Likelihood Ratio 1.403 8 .994

N of Valid Cases 704


Since the p-value is Greater than 0.05 (i.e. 0.999> 0.05), the null hypothesis is
accepted. So, there is no evidence that relationship between using number of home passes and
building type.

6. 6. Floors vs. Number of Home passes Cross tabulation:


Number ofTotal
Home passes

0 to 160 160 320 640 to 800

5 608 0 0 608
6 60 0 0 60

7 22 0 1 23

8 5 0 0 5

9 5 1 0 6

10 2 0 0 2

Total 702 1 1 704

Out of 704 Buildings, 608 buildings of 5 floors having 0 to 160 home passes, 60 buildings of
6 floors having 0 to 160 home passes, 1 building of 7 floors having 640 to 800 home passes, 1
building of 9 floors having 160 to 320 home passes.
Chi-Square Tests:

Value Df Asymp. Sig. (2-


Pearson Chi-Square146.147a 10 .000

Likelihood Ratio 16.588 10 .084

15.937 1 .000

N of Valid Cases 704


ce the p-value is
less than 0.00
(i.e. 0.000<
0.05), the null
hypothesis is
rejected. So,
there is strong
evidence that
between number
of home passes
vs. number of

Value Asymp. Std.Approx. Tb Approx. Sig.


Interval by
Pearson's R .151 .053 4.035 .000c

Ordinal bySpearman
.149 .052 3.982 .000c
Ordinal Correlation

N of Valid

Interpretation 2:
Since the Pearson correlation is 0.151 so, there is positive and strong relationship and
p-value is 0.000<0.05 that means increase or decrease in one variable significantly relate to
increase or decrease in second variable

6. 7. Floors vs. Using WIFI Cross tabulation:


Using Internet Total

0 to 100 400 to 500

5 608 0 608
6 60 0 60

7 22 1 23

8 5 0 5

9 6 0 6
10 2 0 2

Total 703 1 704

Out of 704 buildings, 608 buildings of 5 floors by using internet 0 to 100, 1 building
of 7 floors by using internet 400 to 500

Chi-Square Tests:

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)

Pearson Chi-Square 29.651a 5 .000

Likelihood Ratio 6.885 5 .229

7.220 1 .007

N of Valid Cases 704

Interpretation 1:

Since the p-value is less than 0.00 (i.e. 0.000< 0.05), the null hypothesis is
rejected. So, there is strong evidence that relationship between using internet vs. number of


Value Asymp. Std.Approx. Tb Approx. Sig.


Interval by
Pearson's R .101 .051 2.699 .007c

Ordinal bySpearman
.102 .051 2.716 .007c
Ordinal Correlation

N of Valid
Interpretation 2:
Since the pearson correlation is 0.101 so, there is positive and no relationship

6. 8. Floors vs. Using Diff. Wi-Fi Brands Cross tabulation:


Using Diff.Total

1 2 4 5

5 2 145 268 193 608

6 0 7 23 30 60

7 0 1 13 9 23

8 0 0 2 3 5

9 0 0 5 1 6

10 0 0 2 0 2

Total 2 153 313 236 704

Out of 704 buildings having, 313 buildings having 4 different internet brands,236 buildings
having 5 brands, 153 buildings having 2 brands, 2 buildings having 1 brand.

Chi-Square Tests:

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)

Pearson Chi-Square 22.992a 15 .084

Likelihood Ratio 27.321 15 .026

9.467 1 .002

N of Valid Cases 704


Since the p-value is Greater than 0.05 (i.e. 0.999> 0.05), the null hypothesis is accepted. So,
there is no evidence that relationship between using number of different brands and floors.


Value Asymp. Std.Approx. T Approx. Sig.


Interval by
Pearson's R .116 .023 3.096 .002c

Ordinal bySpearman
.131 .033 3.495 .001c
Ordinal Correlation

N of Valid


Since the Pearsons correlation is 0.116 so, there is positive and no relationship.

6. 9. Number of Home passes vs. Using Diff. internet Brands Cross tabulation:


Using Diff.Total

1 2 4 5

0 to 160 2 153 312 235 702

Number of
Home passes
160 to 320 0 0 1 0 1

640 to 800 0 0 0 1 1

Total 2 153 313 236 704

Out of 704 buildings, 312 buildings of 0 to 160 home passes are having 4 internet brands, 1
building of 640 to 800 home passes are having 5 internet brands.

Chi-Square Tests:

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)

Pearson Chi-Square 3.234a 6 .779

Likelihood Ratio 3.809 6 .703

.996 1 .318

N of Valid Cases 704


Since the p-value is Greater than 0.05 (i.e. 0.779> 0.05), the null hypothesis is accepted. So,
there is no evidence that relationship between Number of home passes and floors


Value Asymp. Std.Approx. Tb Approx. Sig.


Interval by
Pearson's R .038 .019 .998 .319c
Ordinal bySpearman
.027 .029 .726 .468c
Ordinal Correlation

N of Valid

6. 10. Using WIFI vs. Using Diff. internet Brands Cross tabulation:


Using Diff.Total

1 2 4 5

0 to 100 2 153 313 235 703

Using WIFI
400 to 500 0 0 0 1 1

Total 2 153 313 236 704

Out of 704 buildings,313 buildings of 0 to 100 using internet having 4 different
brands,1 building of 400 to 500 using internet having 5 different brands.

Chi-Square Tests:

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-


Pearson Chi-Square1.986a 3 .575

Likelihood Ratio 2.189 3 .534

1.007 1 .316

N of Valid Cases 704


Since the p-value is Greater than 0.05 (i.e. 0.575> 0.05), the null hypothesis is accepted. So,
there is no evidence that relationship between using internet and using different brands


Value Asymp. Std.Approx. Tb Approx. Sig.


Interval by
Pearson's R .038 .019 1.004 .316c

Ordinal bySpearman
.047 .023 1.239 .216c
Ordinal Correlation

N of Valid


Since the Pearsons correlation is 0.038 so, there is positive and no relationship.

1. 1. Wi-Fi usage depends on Number of home passes

2. 2. Wi-Fi usage depends on Type of building
3. 3. Number of different brands depends on Type of buildings
4. 4. Building type depends on Number of floors
5. 5. Type of buildings depends on number of home passes
6. 6. Number of home passes depends on Number of floors
7. 7. Wi-Fi usage depends on Number of floors.
8. 8. Number of different brands usage depends on Number of floors
9. 9. Number of different brands depends on Number of home passes
1. 10. Wi-Fi usage depends on Number of different brands 9.

From the above details I conclude that most of the customers are willing to go with Reliance
4G services, as most of them are satisfied with the free WI-FI services which are the main
advantage of the organization to attract the customers. Beta version of 4g has been tested
successfully and the customer satisfaction is highly met which implies that the Reliance JIO
will compete with other network service providers also after the commercial launch.


[1] Available from

[2]Available from

[3] Abhishek Kumar Singh and Malhar Pangrikar, (2013), A Study Report to Find out
market Potential for 4g Businesses in Pune available at

[4] Berge Ayvazian,(2014),lessons for 4G in india available at

[5] Available from

[6 Available from


[7] Available from

[8] Available from


[9] Available from
[10] Available from

[11] available from

[12] available from


S.N Area Adress Building No of Type(Resi/ Lat/long Number Using Using Diff.
Internet Internet
Name Floors Comm/ of Home Brands
Both) passes