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Academic Vocabulary Week of 2/27/17 in Reading Class

generalize: verb. 1. To consider or state in terms of a general form or . 2. To draw a general


conclusion from particular facts.
generalizes, generalized, generalizing
SYNONYMS for generalize: universalize, prevail, popularize, normalize
ANTONYMS for generalize: specify, detail, stipulate, enumerate, personalize
Other forms and parts of speech in this word family:
general: adjective. 1. Concerned with, applying to, or affecting all members of a category.
2. Afffecting a majority of those involved. 3. Not limited in scope, area or application. 4. Involving
only the main features of something rather than details or particulars. 5. Highest or superior in rank.

SYNONYMS for general as an adjective: prevalent, predominant, prevailing, common, generic,


public, ordinary, commonplace, broad, overall
general: noun. 1. An officer holding the rank above lieutenant general in the U.S. Army, Air Force or
Marine Corps 2. A person who holds this rank
generalization: noun. 1. The act of generalizing. 2. A general statement or principle
generality: noun. 1. The state or quality of being general. 2. A statement or principle that has general
application. 3. A statement or an idea that is vague or unspecific.
NOTE: generalization and generality are both nouns and synonyms.
generally: adverb. 1. Usually; as a rule. 2. Widely; commonly
SYNONYMS for generally: consistently, customary, frequently, normally, often, regularly
ANTONYMS for generally: specifically, namely, uncommonly, narrowly, occasionally, irregularly,
infrequently, abnormally
generalist: noun. 1. A person with general knowledge and skills in several fields.
SYNONYM for generalist: Renaissance man
ANTONYM for generalist: specialist
SAMPLE SENTENCES:
Used as a verb: You cant generalize and say that all teenagers spend too much time on their
devices based on your observations of only the teenagers you know.
Used as an adjective: Im sure I can get tickets to the sold-out concert because my good friend is
general manager of the theater.
Used as an adverb: We generally go to the library for books and to do Istation on Wednesdays.
Used as a noun: Her generalization that all people over the age of 50 dont know how to use a
computer is just as silly as his generalizing about teenagers using devices too much!
Used as a noun: The general is receiving another medal for leading the troops on a successful
mission.
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articulate: adjective. 1. Spoken clearly and distinctly. 2. Capable of speaking clearly and effectively.
3. Having the power of speech. 4. Consisting of sections connected by joints.
articulate: verb. 1. To utter distinctly; to enunciate. 2. To express verbally. 3. To speak clearly and
distinctly. 4. To be jointed; to form a joint.
articulate, articulates, articulated, articulating
SYNONYMS for articulate as an adjective: oral, spoken, vocal, voiced, fluent, eloquent, fecund, well-
spoken, aloud
ANTONYMS for articulate as an adjective: muffled, garbled, unintelligible, inaudible, silent, mute,
tongue-tied, inarticulate, speechless, voiceless
SYNONYMS for articulate as a verb: enunciate, pronounce, say, utter, vocalize, verbalize, project
ANTONYMS for articulate as verb: mutter, mumble, garble, murmur, slur
SYNONYMS for articulate as an adjective: jointed, connected
ANTONYMS for articulate as an adjective: disjointed, detached, separated, divided, disconnected
Other forms and parts of speech in this word family:
articulation: noun. 1. The act or process of speaking clearly; enunciation. 2. A point at which things
join or are joined. 3. A method or manner of joining. 4. A joint between bones or similar parts.
articulateness is another noun form and a synonym for articulation. Both words have the same
meanings.
articulator: noun. 1. The person who is articulating; one who articulates.
articulately: adverb. 1. Spoken in an articulate manner; fluently, orally
SAMPLE SENTENCES:
Used as an adjective: If you wish to have a career in the theater or movies, you need to be articulate.
Used as an adjective: As you observe these skeletons of extinct mammals, note how the bones that
make up the spine are articulate.
Used as a verb: When you give your speech at the assembly, be sure to articulate each word
carefully so the audience can hear and understand you.
Used as a verb: A cats bones are so well articulated that they are amazingly flexible animals.
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monitor: noun. 1. A person who gives warnings, corrective advice, or instruction. 2. A student who
assists a teacher in routine duties such as taking attendance. 3. A usually electronic device used to
record, regulate or control a process or an activitity. 4. A receiver that is used to check the quality of
an electronic transmission. 5. A device that accepts video signals from a computer and displays
information on a screen.
monitor: verb. 1. To keep watch over; to supervise. 2. To keep track of systematically. 3. To check
the quality or content by means of a receiver. 4. To act as a monitor.
monitors, monitoring, monitored
SYNONYMS for monitor as a noun: lookout, sentry, sentinel, chaperone, supervisor, overseer,
regulator
SYNONYMS for monitor as a verb: supervise, oversee, track, regulate, record, control, check
Other forms and parts of speech in this word family:
monitory: adjective. 1. Giving a warning or reproof
SAMPLE SENTENCES:
Used as a noun: If the hall monitor catches you without a pass, she will give you detention.
Used as a noun: The defendant has to wear an ankle monitor until a verdict is reached by the jury.
Used as a noun: Have you ever seen how huge a computer monitor from the 1970s was?
Used as a verb: Good readers monitor their own comprehension as they read to make sure they
understand the text.
Used as a verb: The movements and actions of the suspect have been monitored by undercover
detectives for weeks.
Used as an adjective: Im giving you monitory advice to keep your vocabulary entries up to date or
you will have a hard time passing reading class.
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clarify: verb. 1. To make clear or easier to understand. 2. To make clear or pure by removing
unwanted solid matter. 3. To become clear.
clarifies, clarifying, clarified
SYNONYMS for clarify in definition 1: simplify, explain, elucidate, illuminate, illustrate, clear up, shed
light on
ANTONYMS for clarify in definition 1: complicate, confuse, bewilder, puzzle, befuddle, confound,
mystify, perplex
SYNONYMS for clarify in definition 2: purify, clean, cleanse, refine
ANTONYMS for clarify in definition 2: pollute, contaminate, defile, infect, corrupt, taint, soil
Other forms and parts of speech in this word family:
clarification: noun. 1. An explanation, simplification or act that results in making clear or easier to
understand.
SYNONYMS for clarification: explanation, simplification, elucidation, illustration, purification,
cleansing, refinement
ANTONYMS for clarification: complication, confusion, puzzlement, bewilderment, pollution,
contamination, corruption, infection
clarity: noun. 1. The condition or quality of being clear.
ANTONYMS for clarity: obscurity, cloudiness, darkness, murkiness, ambiguity, uncertainty,
unclearness
clear: adjective. 1. Free from anything that dims, darkens, or obscures. 2. Easily perceived by the
eye or ear, distinct. 3. Plain or evident to the mind; easily understood. 4. Translucent or transparent
clear: verb: 1. To make clear, light, or bright. 2. To remove obstructions. 3. To rid of confusion or
doubt.
ANTONYMS for clear: obscure, darken, blur, eclipse, confuse, obstruct
SAMPLE SENTENCES:
Used as a verb: If there is any confusion about the assignment, let me know now so I can clarify the
expectations for you.
Used as a verb: The science experiment required us to investigate methods to clarify several
solutions by separating them into their individual ingredients.
Used as a noun: The politician needed to issue a clarification about his statement that the city plans
to raise taxes. He said he wanted the public to have clarity on the issue.
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glean: verb. 1. To gather grain left behind by reapers. 2. To gather bit by bit.
gleans, gleaned, gleaning
SYNONYMS for glean: gather, collect, cull, extract, garner,
ANTONYMS for glean: distribute, disburse, outlay, disseminate, scatter, spread, strew
Other forms and parts of speech in this word family:
gleaner: noun. 1. The person who is gleaning; one who gleans.
SAMPLE SENTENCES:
After the harvest, the reapers make one last pass through the fields to glean any grains that were
missed by the harvesting machines.
I went through all my pockets, looked under the couch cushions and checked everywhere I thought I
might be able to glean enough coins to buy a sandwich because I was broke until payday.