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Calculation Details

Step 1: Determine Inlet Properties


Inlet Energy Flow = Specific Enthalpy * Mass Flow
Step 2: Calculate Ideal Outlet Properties (Inlet Entropy equals Outlet Entropy)
Step 3: If solve for 'Isentropic Efficiency', Determine Outlet Properties
Using the outlet specific enthalpy, calculate the isentropic efficiency:
Isentropic Efficiency = (Inlet Specific Enthalpy - Outlet Specific Enthalpy) / (Inlet
Specific Enthalpy - IDEAL Outlet Specific Enthalpy)
Step 3: If solve for 'Outlet Properties', Determine Outlet Specific Enthalpy
1. Isentropic Efficiency = (Inlet Specific Enthalpy - Outlet Specific Enthalpy) / (Inlet
Specific Enthalpy - IDEAL Outlet Specific Enthalpy)
2. Isentropic Efficiency * (Inlet Specific Enthalpy - IDEAL Outlet Specific Enthalpy)
= (Inlet Specific Enthalpy - Outlet Specific Enthalpy)
3. Outlet Specific Enthalpy = Inlet Specific Enthalpy - Isentropic Efficiency * (Inlet
Specific Enthalpy - IDEAL Outlet Specific Enthalpy)
Using the outlet specific enthalpy, calculate the outlet properties:
Step 4: Calculate Steam Turbine Energy Out and Generation (Power Out)
Energy Out = (Inlet Specific Enthalpy - Outlet Specific Enthalpy) * Mass Flow
Power Out = Energy Out * Generator Efficiency.
e.g.
For your exhaust condition, knowing the pressure is often not enough information.
However, since you have specified a turbine operating isentropically, then using a
Mollier diagram (a special diagram of enthalpy versus entropy), the state line of this
turbine will be a single vertical line running from the inlet point down to the exhaust
pressure of 30 kPa. Since Mollier diagrams are hard to find on the web, you can also
use steam tables. For P = 6000 kPa and T = 500 C, then h = 3423.1 kJ/kg and s =
6.8826 kJ/kg*K For P = 30 kPa, we need to find the properties for s = 6.8826 kJ/kg*K, sf
= 0.9441 kJ/kg*K sfg = 6.8234 kJ/kg*K s = 6.8826 kJ/kg*K = sf + x * sfg, where x is the
quality of the vapor doing the algebra and solving for x = 0.870, or a vapor quality of
87% The enthalpy of this mixture can be calculated using the saturated liquid
properties: hf = 289.27 kJ/kg hfg = 2335.3 kJ/kg h = hf + x * hfg h = 2321.7 kJ/kg at the
exit. The isentropic work (or more accurately, the power) is therefore ,W = m*(hi - ho) =
0.5 kg/s * (3423.1 - 2321.7) kJ/kg
Please find attached herewith related article steam Turbine in Off design
Applications.
regards,
Prem Baboo
o

o 1995Section8.PDF

May 19, 2016 Recommend

Yuzhi Chen Cranfield University

Dear Prem Baboo,

Thanks a lot